0) -Jt-- VOL. XXIII, NO. 39. ASTORIA, OREGON, SATURDAY FEBRUARY 14, 1885. PRICE, FIYE CENTS liii J I r 1 1 1 II I 1 I lls-3iBj: Ml WW I 1 11 I I 1 11 I 1 1 BUSINESS CARDS. IV- A- r A. FW.TOS. Phj siciansnml SnrMins. Will jjIvc pmnwt ati'iiJHn to all calls. Horn any part of tlie riij m mutry. ftcroTAIleiiSatirtf. I'urimi Cass and iicmoqua Irect", Astria. Oregon. felephone 2s'o. 41. rye. Fit .zi sri. I'hyNli'lMM msI tenrsrou. Office. Cr. Main and C,!ii'iiaiuiisstic. i M-VICF. HOCUS : - lo 11 A. M ;--' t ". I'. M. ilejrfileiKV. opposite i!)t'.lniiaiis-ii budding :. a. nonius, ;ko. :oi.ni ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Oflltie hi Kli:nen UUh' ppHf ( ity Mall, Astoria. Oiv4i. . V. miLTOX. l. C. FUI.TOJf. rwrroar iikoteieus. ATTORNEYS AT I, AW. Rooms 5 and c.Odtl lVUfKisIiiuldiiig. .1. tj. A. ItOWJ.l'.V. .J. A. I2U.U ISOIVLKY & (SILL. timrnpj's and "i;mim-11ovn :t Iai Office on ('hcnainus Street. AMmta. Oiegnn. o :. isofaKX." ' ' NOTARY PUBLIC, AlVHOMCMt, COMMISSION AM IS SUKANCK AOHN'l. rj.KM F. paukki:. SURVEYOR OF c'lat8(o: County, and (H;;r nfAHiorln Office :-GhcutunusM:vr. V. M. U. A hall Hoom No.S. c 1 V. MUCK, AROHITHCT AND SUI'EIMXTF.N'nKNT. OrriPK : IUhiiii !), h im. V llrlek P.lock, TAY TlJTTlJE, 31. . PHYSICIAN AND SUBGEON Orrxca Itooais 1,2, and 8. Pythian Build- UK. itMrCDKNcn On Cedar Street, Lack of St. Maxy's Hospital. y l. 1I1CKS. A. It SHAW. fucks Bs sn,ir. DENTISTS. Uomns in Allen's Ituildlnjr, nj itairs. cor ner Cass and SqueiiKKUia streets. Astoria O recon. BANKING AND INSURANCE ! 1. W. CASE, Broker, Banker, and Insur ance Agent, ASTORIA, - URF.r.O.. OEEICE nouns : From 9 o'clock A. M. until 3 o'clock 1. Id. Bozortli & Joliiis, ltcal IMate and Insurance Agents and Itroters ASTOIHA, ... - Oregon. We write policies in the following well known Fire Insurance Companies : I'HffiXIX OF HAUTFOUD. .SCOTTISH UNION AND NATIONAL OF EDIMJUIIG. LION. OF IA1NDON HOME. OF NEW YOItK. LONDON AND LANCASIIIUE, OF I.IYEK- rooi- I'HUiXlX. OF BROOKLYN. CONNECTICUT. OF HAUTFOUD. OAKL INI) HOME. OF OAKLAND, GALA. And also represent the WESTERX, of California. HAMTIU RG-MIEMEX. of Ger many, and AM ERIC AX STEAM BOIL ER INSURANCE CO. Ileal Estate lionht and Sold on CominlMdou. J- O. ROSS. I.KAIE.G ITSDEltTAKKC. IVIaiii St. ANorI:. Orcsron. THE LATEST STYLES IX WALL. PAPER AT B. E. FRANKLIN'S, NEXT DOOKTO ASTOUIAN OFFICE. A ery large Stock from which to eleet. Window curtains made to order. KT-My patent Trimmer to cut Wall laiei N w IH he lound con ement to my jiatrons. Boat'BiIclillg THE BEST STOCK AiND WORKMANSHIP (iUAUAXTEER. Boats of Every Description Built. Shop o er Arndt & Fercheif . it. ItE. r,!V.TREUS. VISITORS TO PORTLAND Should not forget to call at Town e'sSan Francisco Gallery, where may be seen photographs or all the leadinpmen and women olOtcgoiiaud Washington Territory. Skillful operators always in attendance.aml the most minute attention paid to pictures or children. Don't forcet the location. S. W. eorncr First and MorrlNon Mreetn, npKtalrn. No trouble to show specimens to visitors. Mreet railroads tass the door even ten minutes, aud tills Is the nearest gallery to the live .principal hotels. -THE ST TONIC. This medicine, combining Iron with pure TcsetaWe tonics, quickly and completely Cure, Dyhpe pln, IndfRrntlon, WeaKnenn, Impure Blood, InJaria,Chin and Focrm and Neuralcda. It is an unfailinc remedy for Diseases of the Kidneys and I.lver. It is invaluable for Diseases peculiar to "Women, and all who lead sedentary lives. I tdoes not injure the teeth, cause headachc.or produce constipation oUit Iron medicines do. Itenrichesand purifies be blood, stimulates the appetite, aids the assimilation of food, re lieves Heartburn and Belching, and strength ens the muscles and nerves. For Intermittent Fevers, Lassitude, Lack of Energy, Lc., it has no equal. Jf3- The pcnulnc hns above trade mark and 'Tossed red lines on w rapper. Take no other drutjt7 HltOHA IUEHICAL CO., BALTI20RE, 8P UEDIMiTO.V, WOODAUD A CO., Portland, Or Wholesale agents. A. V. Allen, Wlul&s:ile and BetailfDealer in Gro series, PrwiGfoaa, MILL FEED. Glass and Plated Ware, TKOl'ICAL AND DOMESTIC FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. Together with Winss, LiquorsJobacco.Clgars TUTTS PILLS TO RPlPOWEl DISORDERED LIVER, and MALARIA. xTom tiieso sources arise ihreo-fourths ofthediscasesofthehumanrace. These symptoms indicate their cxistence: I.os or Appetite, Bowels costive, Kick Headache, fullness after eat iiT, aversion to exertion of body or mind, Eructation of food, Irritabil ity or temper, XiOir spirits, Afceling ofhavln KBeRlected some duty,liz zlncs8,Fluttcrlng atthcHeart.Uots beforo the eyes, hlphly colored TJrlne,COXSTlPATIOlV,aml demand the use of a remedy that acts directly on the Liver. AsaLivermedicineTUTT'S PlliXS have no equal. Thciractlonoxi the Kidneys and Skin is also prompt; removing aU impurities through tbeso thrco scavenpers or tlie system," producing appetite, sound digestion, regular stools, a clear skin and a vig orous body. TCTT'S PIM.S cause no nausea 01 griping nor interfere, frith dally work and arc a perfect ANTIDOTE TO MALARIA. boldSTerygBerc258. Olfico-M MurraySt.N Y. tilTAT IT ITT? OTTArTTtOTTr-t0 rVinnrA stantly to a Glosst Black by a singlo application of tills Dte. Sold by Drug. lists.or sent by cjiress on receipt of tt. Office, 44 Murrav Street, New York. nrrs kivuil or vzznu ss:n?zs sisz. G. A. STINSON & CO., BLACKSMITH1NG, At Capt. ltogera old stand, corner or Cas and Court Streets. Ship and Cannery work. Horseshoeing. Wagons made and rejiaired. Good work guaranteed. Insurance Office OF Geo. P. Wheeler & Co. Kepresentuig the following first-class For eign and Home companies : Uoal Norwich -Union and Iincashire. assets. S2C.ooo.oOO South liiitish and National. " 20,000.000 1'ireniaiis Fund. 1,500,000 Union, Fire and Marine " 1.000,000 State, (dwellings onl) ' 100,000 And the old and reliable Travelers Life aud Accident Insurance Co. of Hartford, Conn. Deposited in Oregon. ?400,0x for the security or Policy holders. Personal Attention given to all business, and SalUftictlon (luaraufeed in every in stance. Okkipe In Hiime'.s New Uuilding. Asto ria, Oregon. W. E. DEMENT & CO. ASTOHIA, - - - OREGON Carry in Stock. DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET and FANGY ARTICLES. Picscriplfons carefully Compounded p1 B THE BREEDS OF LIVE STOCK. Nearly all the breeds of oattle found in America have been brought from Great Britain . None of them have been greatly changed in this country. Between some or them there are great differences; others closely resemble each other. All cat tle make beef; all cows give milk: but some breed9 ara especially bred forthe one or the other purpose, while others are almost equally prized for both. The Ayrshire is distinctively a milk breed, producing a large quantity of milk of average quality as lo richness. The cows are small to medium in size, with light heads and necks, and the bodies growing wider us we go back. The horns are of medium length, usually turned upward and inward. The color varies much; sometimes nearly white, sometimes reddish, brown or black; but almost always more or less spotted. The breed comes from the county of the name, in southwestern Scotland. It is not common in the western states. The Channel Island breeds resem ble each other and are valued chiefly for their milk-giving and butter-making. We hear of the Alderney, but there are probably few of the breed iu the United States. The Jersey ranks second in number among the improved breeds' in this country, and among the very first in popularity, as shown by the prices paid. It takes its name from the largest of the Channel Islands. The cows are small, 800 to 000 being counted good weights. The form is slender and graceful, the bones being fine. The head and neck are usually light and the Body is deep rather than broad; often it is angular rather than well-rounded. The horns are short; usually in curved in the cow. The most com mon color is fawn or fawa-and-whito. Somo years ago there was. a great prejudice against any white, and black-tipped tails and feet were in great demand. The nose should bo black, with, a whitish or light fawn ring around'the muzzlo The Guernsey is larger and some times coarser" than the Jersey, with heavier bone and larger frame: the color is more commonly broken; the nose is often light colored. There is little prejudice against light colors, or white markings. Oftentimes a cow of thw breed may bo mistaken for a Jersey. They are not nearly so numerous as the Jerseys, but aro growing in favor, it being olaimod that they give more and even richer milk than the Jerseys; and surpass them 111 value for beef. The large black and white spotted cows from North Holland and prov inces adjoining are variously called Holsteins, Friesian, Holland and Dutch, the first namo being more commonly used. This breed is of large size, with fair form from a beef making standpoint, although usually rather flat in the sides and often somewhat coarse in the bone. The horn is short and slender in the cow, the hair is rather short and may be all white or nearly all black. The reputation of the breed rests chiefly on the large quantity of milk given, in which it is unsurpassed. The milk is not so rich as that of some other breeds, but great quantities of butter hare been made from the milk of somo cows of the breed. Cattle of this breed are being im ported in large numbers, and sell at high prices. The Devon takes its name from Devonshire in the southern part of England. Is is small to medium in size, of a beautiful deep red in color, with fairly long, slender horns in the cow; rather thick and long in the bull. The form is among the best for beef production; the cattle are activo and hardy, and the beef is of the best quality, while many of the cows are oxcellent milkers; yet the breed is not numerous or popular in this country, certainly not in the groat cattle rais ing states. Want of. size is the most common criticism, although it s charged they do not mature so early as do some other breeds. The Hereford, from the English county of the same name, is one of the oldest of the breeds of cattle and within a few years Las become one of the most popular, great numbers hav ing been brought to this country and sold at high prices. The color is good red, with white face and some white on shoulder and belly, although there is occasional decided variation from this marking. The size is large, the legs are short, but the body is long, thick aud deep. Tho horn is rather long, and the head is some what heavy. The cattlo are hardy; claimed to be very sdperior as graziers; the meat is of excellent quality. As a breed high rank for dairy purposes cannot be claimed, but there are many exceptions. Three polled or hornless breeds have attracted much favorable atten tion in this country of" late years. The Angus or Aberdeen, from Aber deenshire in northern Scotland, is one of these. Black in oolor, with rather fine hair; a neat head and a well rounded, long, yet compact body, carried on short, fine limbs, this breed is always attractive. It pro duces beef equally to any in quality. As a dairy breed it has not much rep utation. It is claimed to be especially adapted for use in improving other and inferior breeds. Jhero have been large importations within the last three years, and the breed has been well distributed throughout the west The Galloway, from southwestern Sootland, resembles Hh'e Angus in be ing black andhornlesSj but is rougher and rather coarser in form, with long often fjarse and curling hair. Much the same claims are made for it as for the Angus, with the addition that it is more hardy, although perhaps ?!ox er in arriving at maturity. The Red Polled caltlc corno f 10111 Norfolk and Suffolk in eastern Eng land. They considerably resemble the Devoas, save in being hornless. They are of medium size, claimed to be excellent dairy cattle, and of good TnArff fie lnnfmo!-nfa fPJtiv ir.i rwf owned in large numbers in this conn-! try, J but have some enthusiastic friumlo The Short-horu.s, formerly often called Durhams, came from north eastern England, aud are the most numerous and most widely distributed breed in this country, or in the world. The size is of the largest; the color is either red, white or a mixture of either of these in any proportion. The horn is short and comparatively light, but no more so than in some other breeds. Although valued chiefly as a beef making aniinal, Short-horns as a breed are good milkers, but less attention has been given of late years to their dairy qualities than formerly. No cat tle are more attractive than the best short-horns. The body is long, the back straight and broad, the ribs well sprung, the rump straight and well filled ont. As a rule short-horns aro taller than cattlo of mo3t othor breeds, aud not infrequently they are subject to the criticism of being too long in the leg. The head and neck are generally light and well formed. The beef is good and tho milk is of full average richness. No other breed has had anything like the in fluence on the cattle of the chief beef producing states as the short horn. . A few cattlo of other breeds are owned in this country. Swiss cattlo are of largo size: often a mouse color, sometimes whitespotted, and with a Jersey-like ring around the black I muzzle. They are well spoken of both for the dairy and for beef, but have not been generally tried in this conn- trv. Tho Snsser mnv b nrnnrntnlvi described as a larger "coarser Devon, but are scarcely known here. The j Highland cattle of "West Scotland nre : smallish, well-formed, long-horned, shaggy-coated, hardy animals, pro- J uucing u rst-ciass Deal, tint a ureou little known in America. 'WHAT YOU 3HGUT CAJ.L NERVE." "I saw an exhibition of what you might call nerve, the other day, up in j jweiavrare connty,' said JJeacon Unas .N. iJeau of the public up there on business last Harpersfielu , and an acquaintance i took me out to fish for pickerel throtiL'h tho ice. On our wnv to the' pond we came to a couple of men knew one of the men, and stopped to talk with him. The other man kent on chopping. He had made but two or three strokes with his ax when it flew off the handle. The sharp blado whizzed through the air, passed close to my friend's head, and, striking the other chopper, whose name was Ha gar, cut hi3 nose off close to his face as clean as if it had been done with a razor. The man who had lost it put his hand up to his face in a startled sort of way, and looked down at tho severed nose as if he could hardly be lieve his eyes. "When the full force of the situation strnckhim,he looked at his fellow chopper with an expres sion of surprise and deep injnrv on his face, and said: " 'Well, Jack, you're a d nice'fol- low, ain't ye Y "Hagar then stopped and picked ur his nose and pressing his handker chief to his bleeding face, astounded both my friend and myself by resum ing the subject upon which they had been talking which was the making of a contract for some chopping as it notning oi consequence had occur red to interrupt it. My friend, how ever, started the other chap to the village after a doctor, and wanted to take Hagar home at once on bis buck board. Hagar wouldn't hear to this and said he would cut across to his cabin through the woods and wait for the doctor, and he started off" without any apparent hurry, carrying his nose in his hand. "When we returned at night we went two miles out of our way to in quire after Hagar. We found him chopping up firewood in front of the cabin. There was a bandage around hi3 face. When we asked him if the doctor had seen him, he said: " 'Yes, he's been here. He stuck the nose ou in its old place and bound it there, and said he believed it would grow fast again, as ho had known of such things happening. Say, I came blame near getting mad at Jack when that ax flew off to-day. He's always cutting up somo dido or other.' "Then we drove back to Harpers field. I had a letter to-day from my friend. He had just come from a visit to Hagar. Ho says the man is getting along, and that the nose will grow fast again sure. Now, these are facts, and I tell you thatHagarstrnck me as giving an exhibition of what you might call nerve." Netr York Sun. Mcott'fiKniulslan ofPnro Cod I.lver - Oil, ivitli HypopIiOHplilte. . Will Build up Wasted Systems. Dr. R. B. Pcse v, Eltzabethtown, Kyj; says ; "1 have prescribed Scott's Emulsion frequently in the last ten years, and take pleasure in commending it as a valuable remedy both for atlnllT and children in wasting conditions." EDpTAR 7RADE w7 MARK, &- t iiSj I Vv3i Abioltitrhr Trcofrotn Opiatcx. Emetics and 'oiso)i3, A PROMPT, SAFE, SURE CURE , Vor Couzhn, Soro Throat. Iloaracucos. Colds, ! lnnnc3in,IJronchIU, Anlhrna.Cronp, CTboop. tnc Coach, Qnlnij, Pain In Cheat, ind other rtIoaiofUioTarootnJLunci. I I'f ICC 50 cents a bottli KnM h rmiwH:fa nrt t Dealers. 2xrlits unable to induce Vteir dealer to promptly get it for them will receive two boUles. r.rirc charqet paid, by tending one dollar to tub annua x. toceler coar-ixr. Sole Owatn and aiiaaXwtnren, Baltlnorr. StrjlaaJ, C. S. X. MAIA HOTEL. MltS. KVA WALLMAN, - Proprietor. ASTORIA, OUEflOX. First Class iu Ercrj" Respect. NEW HOUSE. NEW FURNITURE. Fiitei! tilt trilli every Conrcu Coinfort oi iexiro lor Ii Transient and Permanent Guests. Corner Squeinoqua aud West Gth Streets. Astoria Bakery n , ",. bOlUiTIDicl AND Candy Factory. Kd JackTOI1' Proprietor. uuv DIUIICTOFTHE MANUFACTUUEU aud Karc Moncv. French Mized Creams. 30 cts per lb Plain Candies and Tafiv3 20 " " Kreail. Pies anil Cakes delivered everv . da. Ornamental work for Weddings and Parties. Best Ice Cream at reasonable prices I Cheapest and le-t place Iu totrn." Don't t forget the place : ! Chonamus St. near the PoatofiSce. fiiaH H!iKI 1 Deacon Chus. .. . , k , atrr'Tne Seaside Bakery FRESH BREAD Delivered in any Part ot the City. CHRISTMAS CAKES: Home-Made Candy Made Daily: The Trade Supplied: Pine Pastry: A Fit.st Class Establishment. Prices to suit the times. F. B. ELBERS0N, Prop Y. PARKER HOUSE Shaving anil Bathing Saloon. Ladles' HairDresser and "Wig Maker All kinds of HAIi: WOKK MADE TO OKDEK Ladies' Hair cutting and Shampooing a specialty. AH work done in the most artis tic manner and in the latest style Ii. DaPARK, Prop. Parker House, Main St., Astoria, Or. CUNARD STEAMSHIP LINE. WE BEG LEAVE TO ANNOUNCE A urcat reduction lu rates over the above well known line, IMrtles desiring to ijo to Europe, or wishing to send for frien pe. or wlsmnir to send for friends in tlicoiu country will tlndltto their advan tage to purchase tickets over the Canard line. Tickets Issued by us good from any part of Europe to Astoria. BOZORTH & JOHNS. Agents. Columbia Transportation Company. GXl PORTLilSID, TIIE POPULAR STEAMER FAS". IME1 Which has been refitted" for the comfort of passengers will leaTe Wilson & Fisher's Dock every Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6 A.M. arriving at Portland at 1 P.M. Returning leaves Portland every Tuesday and Thursday at 6 A. M. arriving at Astoria at 1 P. M. ET"Au additional trip will be made on Mnnday of Each H'ecK, leaving "Portland I at O O'clock Sunday Horning:. Passencer bi this route conneet at TTninmo I for Hound ports. WilsonJ Fisher Ship Chandlers, HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE Paints, Oils, and Varnish. LOGGERS' SUPPLIES. PROVISIONS AND MILL FEED AGENTS F01I Salem Homing Mills, Portland E'oller Mills, Capital Flour and FAIRBANKS' SCALES. ASTORIA. OREGON. B. B. Franklin, Uitoto anil Cabinet late SQUEMOQUA STREET, NEXT TO THE ASTOKIAX 1IUILIHXO. 0 JAII work done In a skillful manner on short notiec at reasonable rates. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Bsntojt Stkbet, Near Pakkek House, ASTORIA. - OltKOON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LAND aDilMABfflE ENGINES BoilerWork, Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. ostiin-g- SB , Of all Descriptions made to Order at Short Xotlre. A. D.TVass, President. J. G. Hustler, Secretary, I. W. Case, Treasurer. JOHX Fox.Superintendent. S. ARNDT & EEROHEN, ASTORIA. - OREGON. The Pioneer Machine Shop BLACKSMITH SHOP Boiler All kinds of ENGINE, CANNERY, A2fD STEAMBOAT WORK Promptly attended to. A specialty made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. FAST TIME! Shop SffigKg STWOO'D U. B. SCOTT, President 1 THE BEST IS THE Royal Brand Flour Manufactured by the OREGON MILLING COMPANY Is ot Superior Quality, and is Endorsed by all who use It. THEHOUSEKEEP'ER'S FAVORITE Of Superior Rising Quality. Guaranteed to Give Satisfaction; WYATT & THOMPSOM Sole Agents ibr Astoria. Painting and Paper Hmpiu KALS0MINING ETC Paint Shop in rear of premises form erly occupied by C. II. Stockton, oppo site the Court House. All orders promptly and satisfaetorly executed. J. a. D. GRAY. Wholesale and retail dealer hi. GROCERIES, FLOUR, AND FEED Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Eic. LIME, SAND AND CEMENT. General Storage and Wharfage on reason able terms. Foot of Benton street, Astoria,' Oregon. WM. EDGAR, Dealer In Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes Meerschaum and Brier Pipes, GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY Revolvers and Cartridges. COKXER MAIN ANI) CHENAMUS STS. The em aloon. The Popular Resort for Astorians. For the Finest of Wines and Liquors Go to THE GEM SALOON. ALEX. CAMPBELL, - - PROPRIETOR ASTORIA LIQUOR STORE, AUG. DANIELSON, - Proprietor. Rebuilt and Itefltted Throughout. The Best of Yl'INES..H0.1IORS,AVD CIGAKS, For a Good Cigar, call for one of "Danielson's Best." Corner West 9th and Water Streets, Astoria. n9-6m Sol Gold Jewelry, BRACELETS, Scarf Pins,iCliaiBs, latches, SILVERWARE, Of every description. The finest stock of Jewelry la Astoria. BT"A11 goods warrantedasrepresented 6USTAV HANSEN, JEWELER. Magnus C. Crosby Dealer in HARDWARE, IRON, STEEL, Iron Pipe and Fittings, STOVES, TINWARE AND HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS SHEET LEAD STRIP LEAD SHEET IRON, HMti AND Oo;jp;E33P- For Sale. The Beautiful and Favorably located BAY VIEW RESTAURANT Isforsaleata bargain, on account of the proprietor's desire to go east to see her par ents Inquire at the restaurant or at this office. a SECURE THE SHADOW' Ere the substance fade, and when you vlsir Portland, make It a part of your business to call on W. II. Towxk, at the San Fran cisco Gallery, S. W. corner First and Morrison streets, and havo yourphotograpli. I taken in the highest style of the art.