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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View This Issue
Site gailtf Historian.
WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 4, 1883
GEXEIiAL JiUTLElt ON TREATIES.
In the expiring Lours of the pres
ent administration we have and have
had some three or- four, embracing a
pretty wide range of subjects from
the precedence of our national pres
tige and power on this continent and
as a maritime power in the world
down to the price of tobacco and su
gar. There is no government maxim
which has ever seemed to me to be
wiser than that which Hamilton put
into "Washington's farewell address,
warning his countrymen against "en
tangling alliances." It would seem
as if a panorama of our treaties had
passed before his eyes, though they
were yet unborne on the lap of time
Experience, which some cynic has
said is the only school that fools learn
at, has shown us that we have always
lost wnen we made treaties witu any
power except barbarous tribes, i. e.
the Indians, and then we always
gained. Our diplomats have always
been equal to the task of overreach
ing the Indians by treaties, probably
because the poor Indian could not
read them when made.
But, as I have said, with every civil
ized power, and generally in treaty
with the half-civilized, wo have been
Let us lake a few examples: In
the treaty which was made after the
Eevolution, I believe it is the better
opinion now that we were jockeyed
out of the Ganadas; in the treaty
which closed the war of 1812 we got
nothing and settled nothing, for
which we brought on war; in the
treaty of 1818 with Great Britain we
gave up all our rights on the coasts,
or in the waters of Nova Scotia, and
the provinces adjacent, and got noth
ing in return. We made another con
vention with Great Britain as to our
northern-eastern boundaries by
which we referred to the king of the
Netherlands the question where was
our northern boundary, as shown by
the range of mountains which divided
the waters which flow into the Si.
John's river from those waters which
flow into the St Lawrence, and hav
ing referred the question of a moun
tain range as our northern boundary
we got a decision as to what water
lino was our boundary.
In the Ashburton treaty of '42, by
giving up sufficient territory on the
east we got a six-thousand-milo cus
tom line between ourselves and Brit
ish North America, which it was im
possible to main tarn as against the
British smugglers, so that, to save
what little revenue we could, we were
obliged to make a reciprocity treaty
in regard to Canada so outrageously
impolitic and unjust that we gave
notice to terminate it at the earliest
Again, when Great Britain, by her
course in the war of the rebellion,
favoring the confederate cruisers, al
lowing them to be fitted out in many
and giving them refuge in all her
ports, had substantially destroyed our
commerce; prolonged our war for
years at an expense of billions; caused
our merchants to pay out more than
twenty millions for premiums of in
surance against war risks, and fur
nished the sinews of war by loans
made to our enemies all this being
done we made a treaty by which we
bargained away in exchange for Eng
land's "regrets"' for her action (which
of course she felt deeply, because she
had failed to destroy us), all our na
tional and individual losses during
the war; gave up our own coasts to
the fishing vessels of Great Britain,
and relinquished all our duties upon
her fish and oils, and received the
privilege of fishing within three miles
of the shore of the Britisli provinces
lying south and east of the mouth of
the river St. Lawrence. Besides for
that privilege for ten years only, we
agreed to pay, and have paid, the sum
of five and a half million dollars, be
ing exactly one-half of the money,
besides interest, awarded to us by the
Geneva tribunal for all our national
and individual losses during the whole
war. We found this fishing privilege ar
rangement so destructive to our fish
eries that, although we had paid this
tremendous cost for it, we hastened
to put an end to the treaty at the ear
liest possible moment it could be
done. Nor was this all that we lost
and agreed to lose by this treaty. "We
did pay all the losses suffered by Brit
ish subjects because of the war,
whether by kind or by sea, nearly
equal to the costs to what we had left
of the Geneva awafd.
Again, in addition to all this, wo
gave up to Canada the coasting trade
along the shores of our great lakes,
quite equal in extent to our ocean
coasting, together with the right for
the Canadians to fish in our waters of
the great lakes.
"With all this wo have not touched
'the greatest loss of all! By that
most infamous treatv we airrecd to
establish with England a new rule of
public law in time of war, by which
we ourselves were bound and were
obliged to advise all the rest of the
world to be bound, and that rule was
that in time of war no neutral nation
should allow an armed ship of a bel
ligerent nation to obtain, by buying
or otherwise, a pound of coal withis
its territory, except to be used by
that cruiser in going directly home
and nowhere else, under the penally
that the neutral nation so allowing
coal to be sold should pay the other
belligerent all the damage done by
such cruiser after it got the coal.
The enormity of this fraud upon the
American nation will be seen, when
wo reflect that this nation has not,
and had not, a single coal station on
its own shores in the world where it
can get a ton of coal in time of war
for its armed ships without buying it
from some neutral nation, who, by
this rule, would be obliged to pay
for all the damage which our armed
ship supplied by her might do. Add
to the fact that we have no armed
vessel that can carry coal enough to
supply her for more than thirty days'
steaming, so that no steam vessel of
tlie United States can now ever ven
ture in war time on a cruise that will
last longer than ten days, because
she must always keep coal enough to
get home with. Take further into
consideration that at the 'time wo
made thisbargain our wise men who
did it knew, or ought to have known,
tnat for more than a hundred and
fifty years England had been estab
lishing and fortifying armed military
posts and coaling stations all over
the world within less than ten days'
sailing distance from each other, so
that her steam war vessels can al
ways have coal to go anywhere she
wishes, while ours can never get any.
"We had a war with Mexico, con
quered her country, held her capital,
and then made a treaty of peace with
her and paid her more money for the
land we got by the treaty than the
whole war had cost her.
Again, we tried our hand with Rus
sia in making treaties. "We bought
Alaska for seven millions and a half,
which Russia would have been glad
almost to have given us for the taking,
with a Turco-English war then
threatening upon the east
"We signalized our treaty-making
abilities by making a treaty with
China, which was understood, I be
lieve to be a kind of reciprocity treaty
that is to say one by which great
clouds of Chinamen came over here
and a mere handful in America got
over there. This treaty was found
so onerous that congress has felt it
self obliged to pass a law in direct
derogation and obliteration of its
principal provisions; but then we can
afford to do that, because China is
having trouble with a powerful na
tion (France), so tkat we can afford
to snub her.
"With this review of our diplomacy,
do you not admire with me the wis
dom of "Washington's "beware of en
"We have besides a cart load of little
treaties too numerous to mention,
which may be termed the baby efforts
of our diplomats who are sent to
starve near some petty court, as well
as those who waste their substance
in aping tho aristocratic customs and
manners of the retainers of mon
archies in more important capitals.
These, in my belief, are equally de
structive to the interests of the coun
try. In a recent libel suit in lihodo Is
land, the chief justice laid down the
law in his charge to the jury as fol fel fol
eows: "I think that a public newspa
per has a right to comment upon and
criticise in the discharge of public
duties. I think that if the publisbers
discover what tbey consider to be de
fects, they have a rigbt to point them
out If there are facts which sug
gest fault, I think that the public
press Las a rigbt to criticise and to
censure. If in the exercise of this
freedom of comment they act fairly
and honestly and meaning to do what
is rigbt, tbey cannot be held account
able. It is of great importance to the
public that the newspapers should
have tbis liberty. If tbere should be
none to censure or criticise, frauds
would grow more and more intoler
able, to the manifest peril of the pub
lic welfare, and therefore you can see
Itliat the public have a great interest
m maintaining unsbackled the right
oi the public press to freely and fair
The Seattle Chronicle has an idea
that "money is to be appropriated to
dredge the Columbia bar," and is un
easy about it. The Chronicle is
"away off." No money is to be appro
priated "to dredge the Columbia bar."
But money will be appropriated to
improve the bar in accordance with
intelligent ideas, a fact which, no
doubt, the Chronicle will be glad to
The "Walla Walla WaUJiman takes
up the axiom that a free river is a
business necessity and ably champions
In Astoria, Feb. 3. O.-car, infant son
of Peter and Anna Mnttson.
Funeral services will be held at the
residence near the Columuia cannery.
Thursday, Feb. T, at 1 o'clock i. m.
Friends of tliefamilv are invited.
fTIHE MAN THAT BOUGHT ONE
A blanket on the evening of Feb. 2, 1S85,
from the pawn shop of Qung AVing Co.. for
which lie paid S3, will on return or said
blanket receive th sum ofSto for same.
AT THE OLD MILL SITE NEAR WIL
Hamsport. It Is painted green, with a
yellow border. About 16 feet lone one oak
block for rowlock new and unpainted.
Owner can have the same by applying at
the old Raymond place and paying charges.
D. 1$ ROWLAND.
The Telephone Saloon
The Finest Establishment of
the Kind in Astoria.
I'lspeclally fitted up for tlie Comfort and
Convenience of those who enjoy a
The Best or Wines and Liquors,
The Choicest Cigars.
Everything New and First-Class.
R. J JEFFRIES. Prop'r.
Restaurant f Lodging House
Tlie fine building on the Comer or Olney
and Water Streets has been leased from
IS SOW FITTKD VI AS
A I'irvt Class Restaurant and Lodzinz Route.
Tlie public patronage .solicited.
Zvs. IW. FirVCII. Iropr.
Will he allowed
On Time Deposits.
Drifts on all the I-eadmg Cities.
VVm. T. Coleman & Co.
Tlie Shortest, Quickest and most
Reliable Route between
ASTORIA AND ALL POINTS.
If you have Am tiling to. Send by Express,
Send it by the
Northern Pacific Exp revs Co.
Order jour Express packages sent to vou
NORTHERN PACIFIC EXFRKSS CO.
Prompt Delivery. Iv Kates. Satisfaction
S.EL3IOKE, Astoria Asent.
Oregon Improvement Co.
&reat Reflnctionin Price ofGoal.
On and after December 1st until further
notice the price at tlie bunkers will be as
SEATTLE CO A I..
Clean Domestic per ton, 2210 lbs S7.O0
Average Steam " ' " o.oo
Screenings ' " -i.oo
On hand a constant supply, at market
rates, of first-class
WE TAKE PLEASURE IN ANNOUNC
ing to the trade that we have secured
the services of Mir. A. M. JOHNSON, so
long and favorably known in the SAIL
MAKING trade in Astona. Hereafter Mr.
Johnson will have sole supervision of our
Sail Loft and will give his personal attend
ance to the manufacture of Boat Sails for the
Columbia River trade.
W. C. NOON & CO.,
Cor. B and Front Sts. Portland, Or.
ROOMS AND HALL TO LET.
Pythian Land and Building Ass'cn.
LARGE. FINE ROOMS WITH WATER
and gas en u(l or single. In Pythian
Also Pythian Hall, the finest and best
lighted hall in the citv ; suitable for Lodge.
Sociables. Parties or lectures. Terms mod
erate. Apply to
The Reautifnl and Fiivornuly Located
BAY VIEW RESTAURANT
Is for sale at a bargain, on account of the
proprietor's desire to go east to see her par
ents Inquire at the restaurant or at tills
Furnished Rooms to Let,
WITH OR WITHOUT BOARD.
Enquire of Mjis E. C. HOLDEN.
A LADY DECLINING HOUSEKEEPING
offers her Furniture at private sale.
Inquire at this ofrce.
Rooms to Rent.
FURNISHED OR UNFURNISHED.
Apply to C. Y. BLISSET, Upper Astoria.
arpets! Carpets! Carpets.
We bee to call
1 the attention of the public to our latest importation, direct from
lanufacturers, of the largest invoice of CAIU'ETS ever offered
for sale in this city, comprising all grades, from the
FINEST BODY BRUSSELS
In the Newest Tints and Shades.
To the lowest nriccd article in this line. AVe are determined to disnose of our stock of
Carpets within tlie next four weeks, and to that
tnts poisiiimiy oi lietnjr unuersoiu oy
Furniture and House Furnishing Line
We can show you the very BEST GOODS at BOTTOM FIGURES, and shall be pleased
to rccem: a call tor inspection wnetner you purcnase or not.
URNITURE. FURNISHING GOODS,
iarpets, Matting, Pictures, Mirrors,
PICTURE FRAMES MOULDINGS, ETC., ETC.
At Greatly Reduced Prices,
ASTORIA FURNITURE CO.,
Cor. Chennimis and Hamilton Sts
Of cither sex admitted to tho
PORTLAND BUSINESS COLLEGE
On any week-day of The vear.
The College Journal, containing in
formation of the course of study, rates
of tuition, board, examination, etc., and
cuts of plain and ornamental penman
ship, free. Address.
A. P. ARMSTRONG,
Leci: Box 104. Portland, Or.
tfSIn ivrltlng, pleatc mention thl paper.
Notice to Water Consumers.
T WOULD RESPECTFULLY REQUEST
JL that all persons having their water pines
repaired have them fixed properly so tney
will not freeze and hurst, as I will make no
deduction on rates in the future, on account
of bursted or frozen pipes. Any information
m regard to the manner of fixing pipes will
be cheerfully given by remiesr.
JAS. W. WELCn.
House to Rent.
TWINE ROOMS :
-La Inquire of
W. B. HEADINGTON.
HAYING BEEN APPOINTED BY THE
County Court of Clatsop County, Ore
gon, executrix of tlie last will and testament
of Thos. Goodwin, deceased, all persons
having claims against said estate will pre
sent them duly verified and with proper
vouchers to the undersigned at her resi
dence on Clatsop Plains. Clatsop County,
Oregon, within six months from this date,
One E. W. BLISS, Latest Improved
HOWE SOLDERiNG MACHINE,
With West's Crimper attached.
TkK 3Iaehinc In Nearly Xeir and Is Sold for
Want of Use.
GEO. W. DUNBAR'S SONS.
New Orleans, La.
TWO HUNDRED AND FORTY ACRES
on Gray's River : fine timber and bottom
laud : three miles from steamboat landing.
Fifty acres Improved : stables, outhouses,
etc.. fruit. A .splendid chance for a man
with a little moncv.
Apply to- FERDINAND ILVNSEL on the
Stainir aMJatMi Saloon.
Ladies' HairDresser and "Wig Maker
All kinds ai
HAIR WORK MADE TO ORDER
Ladles' Hair cutting and Sliampoolng a
specialty. All work done in the most artis
tic manner and In the latest style.
li. DuPARK, Prop.
Parker House, Main St., Astoria, Or.
TWO FRONT ROOMS : SUITABLE FOR
offices : centrally located : apply at As
I TUNE NINE-ROOMED DWELLING
. house with two lots, comer Main and
Seventh streets. For further particulars
apply at Tub Astobiax office.
ACCOUNT OF REMOVAL I WILL
sell for the next ten davs. a lot of choice
Groceries, fine Teas, and Canned Goods, at
the lowest figures possible. Goods all fresh
and of the best brands.
BAY VIEW RESTAURANT.
Opposite O. R. & N. Co.'s Dock.
end offer special inducements, precluding
nny or our uorapemor;.
II. Dv BUISSOX, Manager.
THE HENLEY CLUB SKATE
Nickle Plated, Spring Steel Bottom and
Tlie HENLEY CHALLENGE SKATE,
wooden Bottom and Leather straps.
The best and onlv nractlcallv scientific
skates. Elegant In finish. Will turn a three
foot circle and all the wheels rest square
on the floor. Wheels with babbit metal
boxes. The leading skates In all the prin
cipal Rinks. Bicycles and Tricycles.
OSBORN & ALEXANDER.
Mcchanics'Tools. Hardware and Machinery.
C23 Market St.,opp. Palace hotel.
Send for free catalogue and price list
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
undersigned has been appointed tho as
signee of the estate of Banger & Johnson,
and all persons having claims against said
firm are hereby notified to present the same
duly certified to the undersigned, at his of
fice, hi Astoria, Oregon, within three montlis
from this date. Dee. i"7th. 18SL
TVTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
1.1 undersigned has been appointed assign
ee of tlie estate of D. Hart, an insolvent
debtor. All creditors of said estate tfre no
tified to present their claims against said es
tate, under oath, to me, within three montlis
at the office of F. D. Winton, In the city of
Astoiia, Clatsop county, Oregon.
Dec 27th, 1SS4.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
linn of J. E. Thomas has assigned all
their property to the undersigned for the
benefit of their creditors and all persons
liavirtfc claims against said estate must pre
sent the same duly verified to the assignee
at his office in Astoria, Oregon, within three
months from this date.
November Cth, 1831.
T. G. RAWLINGS,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
Tropical, Domestic, Green and Dried
MJTS. CANDIES, DRIED MEATS, ETC.
Fine Cigars and Tobacco.
Next door to I. J. Arvold's, Squemoqua St.
I TAKE PLEASURE IN INFORMING MY
old customers that I shall, on the 1st of
February next, move to Portland. Oregon,
where I will have charge of Messrs. w. C.
Noon & Co.'s Sail Loft.
Any orders for Boat Sails sent to W. C
Noon & Co. will be made up under my per
sonal supervision and will be fully equal to
any work heretofore manufactured by me.
Hoping a continuance of your favors I re
main, sincerely yours,
A NY ORDERS LEFT WITH C.H.STICK-
xjL els. in my absence will bo promptly at-
tenueu to. imis aue me are aiso leit in uis
hands for collection, until further notice.
Astoria, Jan. 23th, 1SS5.
Carnahan & Co.
I. "W. CASE,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE AND
RETAIL DEALERS IN
Corner Chenamus and Cass streets.
ASTOBIA --- - OREGON
Family Groceries, Provisions
and Freshest Vegetables
Corner Benton rand
IER apply to the Captain, or to
FRANK L PARKER'S
Low Down Prices
THE NEW MODEL
A FTJLL STOCK
John A. IHonigomery,
Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Ware.
A General Assortment of
Magee Stoves and Ranges
The Best lu the market.
Piumblng goods of all kinds on baud. Job
work done In a workmanlike manner.
PLUMBING, GAS FITTING, AND CANNERY
Attended to Promptly on Reasonable Terms.
Chcnnmns Street, Xe.xt toO L. Parker's Store.
MARTIN OLSEN & CO.
FURNITURE sg BEDDING
Corner 31aln and Squemoqua Streets. Astoria, Oregon.
WINDOW SHADES AND TRIMMHGti; WALL PAPER, ETC
A Complete Stoclc.
PRICES AS CHEAP AS QJJALITY WILL AITORD.
AIX KINDS OF FUKXITITTIK REPAIRFJ AISI VARNISHED.
SASH DOORS AND MOULDING.
.First Class Work at Prices to
Suit the Times.
PLANS AND ESTIMATES FURNISHED.
C. H. Bain & Cos
Steam Flaning Mill ami Sash Factory
Boat Building' a Specialty.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT
pursuant to a unanimous vote of the
stockholders of the Fishermen's racking
Co., the directors of said company, did on
the 17th day of Jan. 1S35, execute and file
supplementary articles of incorporation,
whereby sucli company is authorized to
purchase and hold, sell and convey real es
tate. By order Board of Directors,
Dissolution of Partnership.
NOTICE IS IIEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
partnership heretofore existing be
tween Bergman & Berry is this day dis
solved by mutual consent, A. W. Berry re
tiring from the llrni. .who will collect all
bills due and settle all accounts of the late
A. W. BERRY.
Astoria, Oregon, December 31st, 181.
THE PROGRESSIVE LAND AND
Building Association will hold its regu
lar annual meeting on the second Saturday,
the Hth day of Feuruary, 1885, at 7 o'clock
p. 3t., In Liberty Hall.
Astoria, Clatsop Co., Oregon. January 12th,
JP. .LEATHERS HAS RETURNED
and Is ready to turn out, some fine fish
ing boats for the river. Shop on the beach
between Kinney's and" Elmore's canneries.
ALL PERSONS ARE HEREBY CAU
tioned against purchasing a note and
mortgage on personal property, given by Mr.
Alexander Corno to Ed. Taylor for 220.00, as
the same will be contested on the ground of
fraud, or misrepresentation In obtaining the
same, otherwise want of consideration.
Astoria, Oregon, Nov. 18th, 18&L
Eben P. Parker,h'aster.
-r For TOWING, FREIGHT or CHAR
II. it. PAJIKEK.
RANGE CAN BE HAD IX AS
TORIA ONLY OF
. R, HAWES,
CALL AND EXAMINE IT, Y-M
WlLL BE PLEASED.
E. R. HAWES Is also agent for tin
Bid patent CooliBf M
And other first-class S;97es.
Furnace Work. Steam Fit
tings, etc., a spooialty.
ALWAYS ON HAND.
A. FULL LINK OF
Just Finished In'Rear of Store.
Hardware ai Slip Chanfllery
VAN DUSEN & GO.,
Hardware and Ship Chandlery
Pure Oil, Bright Varnish,
Binacle Oil, Cotton Canvas,
Hemp Sail Twine,
Cotton Sail Twine,
Wrought Iron Spikes,
Galvanized Cut Nails,
Paints and Oils, Groceries, etc.
Notice To The Public.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT I
will not be responsible for any debts
contracted by my wife.
Astoria Dec. 31st, 1S84.
FOAi & STOKES.