VOL. XXIII, NO. 15. ASTORIA, OREGON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 17, 1SS5. PRICE, FIYE CENTS. BUSINESS CARD.-. Rf. A. U and .T. A. FUJ.TOX. Plij'viciuuNaml Surgeons. Will jilvc promnt attention to all calls, rutin any part of the city or country. Office over Allen's Store, comer (fciss and Siitieinoqua streets, Astoria, Oiegon. Telephone 'o. 41. DK FKA.XK PAMK. Physician mid Kursreou. Office, Cor. Main and Chuiiamus streets. Okfick Houks : -0 to 11 . ai. ;-2 to r, v. si. Kcililfiice. opposite the.lohauseu building :ki. a. nonius. OKO. KOKAND XOfcAIGD 4fc DOBUIS, ATTORNEYS AT IA.W. Office In Kinney's Mock, opposite City Hall, Astoria, Oregon. C Y. FUXTON. G. C. FOXTOX. FUJLTON BROTnEBS. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Rooms 5 and 6. Odd Fellows Building. J. Q. A. liOWLBV. J. A. GILU BOWLBV & Gir,I,, Attorneys and ConuxellorH at Law, Office on Cbenamus Sticct. Astoria. Oregon. "O C. HOLOK., NOTARY PUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN SURANCE AGENT. 2J.ELO P. PAKKKJt. SURVEYOR OF Clatsop County, and City of Astoria Office: Cbenamus street, Y. M.C. A. hall Room No. 8. 0. IV. L.RICH., ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. OrFicr. : Room 9, Kinney's Brick Block, TAY TUTTIiK, 31. if. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Office Rooms i, 2, and 3 1'ythlan Build- h'g. Rksidknok On Cedar Street, back of St. Mary's Hospital. K I. HICKS. .. K. SnAW. HECKS fc SHAW, DENTISTS. Rooms in Allen's Building, up stairs, cor ner Cass and Squemoqua streets. Astoria Oregon. BANKIHG AND IHSURAKCE ! CASE Broker, Banker, and Insur ance Agent, ASTORIA, - OBEGON. OFFICE HOURS : From 9 o'clock A. M. until 3 o'clock P. M. Bozorth. & Johns, Real Et tote and Insurance Apents and Brolers ASTORIA, - Oregon. We write policies in tho following well known Fire Insurance Companies : PHC3NIX OF HARTFORD. SCOTTISH UNION AND NATIONAL OF EDI N BURG. LION. OF LONDON HOME. OF NEW YORK. LONDON AND LANCASHIRE, OF LIVER- FHCENiX. OF BROOKLYN. CONNECTICUT. OF HARTFORD. OAKLAND HOME, OF OAKLAND, CALA. And also represent the irESTERX. of California, HAMBURG-BREMEN, of Ger- ?PZJglrAja'ERICA!f' STEAM BOIL ER INSURANCE CO. Real Ektate Bonght and Sold on Commission. ar. o. I.EADIAG ROSS. UNDERTAKER, Main St. Ahtorla. Oregon. THE LATEST STYLES IN WALL PAPER AT B. B. FRANKLIN'S, NEXT DOOR TO ASTORIAN OFFICE. A very large Stock from which to select. Window curtains made to order. BfMy patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paper will be lound convenient to my patrons. CLATSOP- MILL COMPANY Manufacturers and Dealers in Lumber, Salmon Trays, BOXES, ETC. OFFICE AND MILL, CORNER 8ALMON AND CEDAR STREETS. ASTORIA. - Orrgnn. VISIT0RST0P0RTLAND Should not forget to call at Towne'sSan Francisco Gallery, where may be seen photographs of all the leading men and women of Oregon and Washington Territory. Skillful operators always In attendance, and No trouble to show specimens to visitore. Street railroads pass the door every ten minutes, and this Is the nearest gallery to the five principal hotels. 1 tn THE BEST TONIC. ? This medicine, combining Iron with pure vegetable tonics, quickly and completely Cure Dynpepsla, Indigestion, WeakneM, Iiapuro Illood, 3Ialaria,CbUbi aad Fevers, and NenrulRln. It is an unfailing- remedy for Diseases of tho Kldneya and IJrer. It is invaluable for Diseases peculiar to "Women, and all who lead sedentary lire. It docs not Injure the teeth, cause head&che.or produce constipation other Iran medieina do. It enriches and purifies the blood, stimulates the appetite, aids the assimilation of food, re lieves Heartburn and Belching, and strength ens the muscles and nerves. For Intermittent Fevers, Lassitude, Lack of Energy, &c, it has no equal. , 43 The genuine has above trade mark and -rossed red lines on wrapper. 'Take no other. drklrbj BROWS CHEMICAL CO., EAI.TUOBE,B& RKDIXGTOX, W00DARBJ4 CO., Portland, Or WlIOLBSALK AOEhTS. &ITTEBS Hostetter's stomach HittM-s is i!n .ii-hm for you, It stimulates the failing energies, invigorates the body and cheers tho mind. It enables the system to throw oft the debil itating effects of undue fatigue, elves renew ed vigor to the orsans of digestion, arouses the liver when inactive, renews the jaded appetite, and encourages healthful repose. Its Ingredients are safe, and its credentials, wnich consist iu the heartj endorsement of persons of everj class of society, are most coninciug. For sale by all Druggists and Dealers -generally. " A. V. Allen, Wholesalo and RctallJDealer tn Qroeertes, MILL FEED. Glass and Plated Ware, TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC FRUITS' AND VEGETABLES. Together with Wines, Uquors,Tobacco,Cigars G. A. STINSON & CO., BLACKSMITHING, At Capt. Rogers old stand, corner of Cass and Court Strecta. Ship and Cannery work. Horseshoeing. Wagons made and repaired. Good work guaranteed. Insurance Office OF Geo. P. Wheeler & Co. Representing the following first-class For eign and Home companies : Royal Norwich-Union and Lancashire, assets. $36,000,000 South British and National, " 20,000,000 Firemans Fund. 1,500.000 Union, Fire and Marine l.Ooo.Ooo State, (dwellings only) " 100,000 And the old and reliable Travelers Life and Accident Insurance Co. of Hartford, Conn. Deposited in Oregon, $400,000 for the security of Policy holders. Pergonal Attention given to all business, and Satisfaction Oaarantced In every in stance. Office In Hume's New Building, Asto ria, Oregon. W. E. DEMENT & CO. ASTORIA, - - - OREGON Carry In Stock, DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET and FANCY ARTICLES. Prescriptions carefully Compounded J f iCV ss -I - - -i w - m tfflSTETTFftv P W CELEBRATED I CALIFORNIA FISH. Report f the Board fFtek ConmUaioncrc. The report of tho state board of fish commissioners has been prepared, and contains a large amount of very interesting information. There are twenty-one salmon cannerios, putting up 200,000 cans per year. Tho m creass of the catch for tho last three years has caused a marked decrease of the supply, and they look for a more marked decrease tho coming season, tho causes for which are ma ny, viz.: Illicit fishing during the close season; loss of salmon in the tales; oonsumption by seals and sea lions, which follow tho fish from the Golden Gate to Bio Vista; thodiffer ent kind of aquatic birds, which arc numerous and very destructive to tho young of all kinds of fish as thoy aro descending frsm the spawning grounds to tho ocean; dams and oth er obstructions near too spawning grounds. Owing to limited means the com mission has not been able to abolish illicit fishing. The fishing has in creased so rapidly of late years, owing to tho demand of the canneries, that it has become necessary for the commission to plant as many salmon as possible in the headwaters of the Sacramento, in order to keep up the supply, net less tnan 4,000,000 fish will have to be planted each rear. During tho seaon of 1883 451,957 spring salmon and 100,542 fall salm on, aggregating 7,849,99S pounds, have been packed, and 3,235,6S4 lbs. havo been sold in the markets. The pack of salmon on tho Sacramento for the year 18Si will fall short fully one-naif Irom tnat of tno year 18S3, although more than ordinary exer tions ubto oean maao oy mo nsuer men to obtain them. The fall run of salmon of ISSlhas been the lightest that was ever known id the memory of tbe oldest fisher men. On the first and second days of September tho run was not as heavy as it should havo been during tho same days in tho month of Octo ber. There is no cause known to the commission for tho marked decrease in tho fall run this year. The prinoipal fresh-water food fish of the state are the salmon, Truckee trout, chub, pike, dace, mullet, carp, sturgeon, catfish and bullheads, whitefish, shad and striped bass. The' salt-water food fish aro rook cod orgroupe, bay fish, eels, black bass and lobsters. The question of preventing the de struction of young fish by nets is dis- cuBsed, and the legislature is recom mended to pass a law prohibiting fish ing with set-nets, either for shrimps or fish. The only way to avoid the evil is to stop tho catching of shrimps except by tho use of proper seines. If the mode adopted by the Chinese is auowea w do coniinuea, in a rew years they will have the bay of San Francisco entirely drained of all kinds of food fish. The number of small fish, Bhiimps, etc., so taken by the Uhmese, and by illicit fishing, amounts to thousands of tons per year. In the opinion of .the commission ers the state should set apart that section of the river from Jacinto to the McCloud and Pit rivers as breed ing grounds, so that no net or seine could be legally used in that portion ot mo nver. jli a law ol tnat char acter is not passed and enforced, tho salmon interest of this state will be of short duration, as tho parties us mg semes on the spawning grounds do more towards annihilating the salmonthan all the gill-net fishermen, as the gill-nets are nearly of a uni form size of msh, and only tako ma tured fish, wlnls the seines take all sires, from one-half pound up. The commission calls upon the next legislature to maice appropriations ror two hatcheries one for the pur pose of hatching trout and keeping tae same in proper ponds until they becomo at least four months old, and a hatchery for the breeding of salmon on the headwaters of the Sacramento river. Without these hatcheries tho commission will be unable to keep up the supply. The demand now ex- oeeds the supply by more than 100.- 000 matured salmon. The California commissioners have been dependent upon the united btates commission for all salmon supplies, and thev can no longer look for fish- in that direc tion, as tne united btates commis sioners have discontinued the work at tho McCloud river hatchery. During the past year the deputy fish commissioner arrested and con victed ninety-three violaters of the law and collected S2,000 in fines. Treasurer Dibble asks tho legisla ture for $3,000 for a steam launch and $10,000 for the construction of a hatchery. Ho also suggests that a "boat li cense law" bo enacted, requiring all persons known as market or cannery fishermen, and those engaged in catching fish to dry, salt or transport, to pay a license tax upon eaoh boat used by them in their vocation. Suoh law will have the approval of the law-abiding fishermen. Another suggestion is that the state appropriate for the thirty-seventh fiscal year $7,000 and for the thirty-aighth fiscal year $6,000, and that a special appropriation of about $1,000 be made to cover the deficien cies of the tkirty-flfth and thirtT- sixth fiscal years. Bulletin. Kcott'flRaBJsls&ef Pare CedLIver on.wIthUyepkeapMteH. In Tubercular Trouble ofthelAinnu. Db. A. F. JonKsoN.'Cedar Rapids, Io wa, sayb : - x nave nseajscou'S emulsion !n Tubercular troubles, -with satisfac tion, both to patients and myself." EARLY OREGON HISTORY. Wm. S. Ladd erected the first brick building in Portland in 1S53. The first newspaper printed in Ore gon was the Oregon Spectator. It was issued at Oregon City in 1S10. The original name of the place where Dalles stands was Winquat, signifying "surrounded bv rockv clifls." The first regular mail service be tween Portland and San Francisco began in March, 1851. It was month ly service. Portland was incorporated in 1851, then having abont one thousand in habitants. Hugh D. O'Bryant was the first mayor. Salem was platted as a town iu 184L The site was then owned lv W. H. Wilson, who gave the town its name. Oregon City was first claimed by Dr. McLaughlin, of the Hudson ba' company, in 1829, and that year three log shanties wore erected. Oregon City was the first capital of Oregon, and Oregon City will always be ono of the first manufacturing centers of the Pacific coast. Thomas J. Dryer, founder of tho Orcgonian, Portland's first newspa per, issued tho first number in 1850. Eleven years later tho first dailies were issued -tho Advertiser and News both coming into existence in 186L The first printing nress on the Co lumbia was brought from the Sand-! wich islands over fortv vears ano.' It was presented to missionaries among the Nez Perces. It was used to print school books and other works in the Noz Perces language. Thongh the discovery of gold in California was eventually of incalcu lable benefit to Oregon, the first ef-tj, i... u-j-i r? il- i i fects were perfectly paralyzing. TheT,ie New Hodel- Everything First gold excitement of 18JL8-9 carried off I Class all Oregonians who wsre foot-loose. ! Undoubtedly the oldest apple trees j C:t" Stree, rcar ot 0tltl-Fc" Building, west of the Missouri river aro onAl-i powai creek near Twi5fnn in T1n powui creek, near Jjewiston, in Itln - ho. home of them are over a foot in diameter. Tho seeds were brought s0ffia'3paa,,D!' th0 mis-! On the 26th of September. 1S11. Ihn fort and buildings of the Astor Fur! Co. at Astoria, were completed and 1 T -! ..". J tions of civilized man in tho valley of' the Columbia, if we excent tho "lo hut erected by Lewis and Clarke on the south side of Tonne's bav. and occupied by them through the dreary winter of 1893-0. The site of Portland was first claim ed in 1813 by a Tennesscean named Orerton. He traded his claim next year to Messra. Lovojoy and Petty grove, who erected the first dwelling on the site, a log house, at the foot of what is now "Washington street A townsitewas platted in 1S15, but thoj piat was about the only evidence of a town until 1848, when the name Port land was adopted. Then Mr. Petty grove bought the interest of Lovejoy, and he soon after traded tho whole town to Daniel H. Lownsdale for $5,000 worth of homo-tanned leather. May 11th, 1792, when vernal glories decked and mantled bill and valley fitting naturnal conditions for "an achivevement so fraught with future possibilities the first ship entered the mouth of the Columbia river. Sho was the Columbia, owned by Boston traders and commanded b- a Yankee Captain Eobert Gray. On tho Amer ican side various claims to "the Ore gon Territory" were urged, m diplo matic complications with England in regard to the subject, but the strong est was based on tho event here chronicled right by priority of dis covery the basis of England's claim to and control over all she has or ever had in tho western world. Mr. Pettygrove was from Maine and Mr. Lovejoy from Massachusetts. They were joint owners of the town site of Portland in 1S48. Each fail ing to convince the other, in the ordi nary course or argument, that his name was the preferable one, they stepped out ol tno newly erected cabin into tho little opening among tne nr trees in iront or. it, ana "etty groyo said: "We'll tos3 this copper up iuriu jaeau or lau, xioveiovr Ana Lovejoy answered, "TaiL" Up wont tne copper glinting throught the crvs- tal. air, and down it fell with the head up. "Iwini" exclaimed Pettv- grove; tho name must bo Portland." And thus did a penny arbitrate the matter and fix the namo of Oregon's metropolis forever. Important Things GoIb? On. The events now going on in En gland and France are destined to play an important part in the fntnro as regards the whole civilized world. But tho daily events occurring in your internal economy are of infi nitely more importance to yourself. Are your digestive organs doincr their work? Do your lungs act properly? Is your liver secreting and disposing of tne bile as it should? If anv of these organs need regulating, take a dollar to the nearest druggist, and buv a bottle of Brown's Iron Bitters, the pouplar tonic. Buclilcn's Arnica Salre. The Best Salve in the world for Cuts. Bruises. Sores.UIcers. Salt Rheum. Fever -Sores. Tetter, Chapped Hands, iiimuiatns. tjorns, anti nil oKin erup tions, and positively cures Piles, or no pay required. It is jmaranteed to nive Perfect satisfaction, or money refunded, rice 25 cents per box. Yor sale by W. E. Dement & Co. PAEKEE HOUSE ASTOltIA, OREGON. This House has been newly furnished, refit ted anl renovated throughout, and Is r Ir.Ht-CIass in All Ite.spectK. RATES : From SI ,10 to S2 30, per day. according to room. Special Kutts for Steady Boarders This Ls tln best Family Hotel in the City. Fine Sample Room for Commercial Trav elers, on the ground floor. Also a first-class Barber Shop connected with the house. Free Coach to ami from all Steamships and River Boats. JT. if. i'I,OSE. Prop'r. I MftS. F.YA WALLMAN, - Proprietor. ASTORIA. OREGON. First Clanif Iu Ivcry Respect. NEW HOUSE. NEW FURNITURE. Fitted up wiili every Conven ience for Uic Comfort of Transient and Permanent Guests. Corner Snicmon,a and West Cth Streets. FRANK FABRE'S cnop HOUSE. ysiersj ce Cream, COFFEE. I., er attention paid my customers, and jjhobestset before them In flrst-elassstyle. J Astoria Bakery ' AND Pnlnmhia Panrlv C9iinpu b0IUmDia raCIOry. BUY Dinner of THE MAXUFACruKEK and Hate Money. French Mured Creams, 30ctsperlb Plain Candies and Taffvs 20 4 llicad. Ties and Cakes delivered every day. Ornamental work lor Weddings and Parlies. Ucst Ice Cream at reasonable prices Cheapest and best place in town. Don't forget the place ; Chenamus St, near the Po3toffice. aside Bakerv FSESH BREAD Delivered in any Part ot the City. CHRISTMAS CAKES: Home-Made Candy Made Daily: The Trade Supplied: Fine Pastry: A First Class Establishment. Price to suit the times. F. B. ELBERS0N, Prop'r. Change of Agency. We have appointed MR. O. F. MORTON Our Selling and Collecting Agent at Astoria. All those wishing to purchase a first-class SEWIA'G MACHINE, or to make pay ments due us will please call on Mr. Morton. Headquarters at B. S."WORSLEY'S Sales room. The Singer Mfg Co., 92 Morrison Street, Portland, Or. Ml URL Columbia Transportation Company. FOR PORTLAND. FAST TIME! TILE POPULAR WEwmw Which has been refitted for the comfort of passengers Trill leave Wilson & Fisher's Dock every Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6 A.M. arriving at Portland at 1 P.M. Returning leaves Portland every Tuesday and Thursday at 6 A. H. JSTAn additional trip Trill be made on Sunday of Each "WceSs. leaving Portland at f O'clock Sunday Slornlus:. Passencers bj this route connect at Kalama AUi guuuu uuif Wilson Fisher Ship Chandlers, HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE Paints, Oils, and Varnish. LOGGERS' SUPPLIES. PROVISIONS AND MILL FEED AGENTS FOR Salem Flouring Mills, Portland Roller Mills, Capital Flour and FAIRBANKS' SCALES. ASTORIA. OREGON. B. B. Franklin, SQUEMOQUA STREET, NEXT TO THE ASTORIAX BUILDING. erVH work done In a skillful manner on short notice at reasonable rates. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Bwrro.v Street, Near Pakker House, ASTOEIA. - OREGON. OEHERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LANDaiWAEIffiEEfflES BoilerWork, Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. Of all Descriptions made to Order at Short A'otlce. A. D. Wass, Tresident. J. G. Hustler, Secretary, I. W. Case. Treasurer. Jonx Fox.Superintendcnt. 3. ARNDT & EERCHEN, ASTORIA, - OREGON. The Pioneer Machine Shop BLACKSMITH SHOP Boiler All kinds of ENGINE, CANNERY, AND STEAMBOAT WOEK Promptly attended to A specialty made of repairing CANKERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. FAST TIME1 STEAMER mz pop arriving at Astoria at 1 P. H. Uittta aifl Cabinet Mate JmWKBS shop SISSBjS' U. B. SCOTT, President THE BEST IS THE OISIE3jSL3EE2S,a? 2 Royal Brand Flour Manufactured by the OREGON MILLING COMPANY Is of Superior Quality, and Is Endorsed by all who use it. THE HOUSEKEEPER'S FAVORITE Of Superior Rising Quality. Guaranteed to Give Satisfaction. WYATT & THOMPSON Sole Agents for Astoria. H, B. PARKER DKALKR. Ef Hay, Oats, and Straw, ZiIM :E2., Brick, Cement, Sand and Plaster. Wood Delivered to Order. Draying, Teaming, and Express Business J. EL D. GRAY. Wholesale and retail dealer In. GROCERIES, FLOUR, AND FEED Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc. LIME, SAND AND CEMENT. General Stornirft and TVhrfnfra nn Koonn. HM A nrmC "KVi-t- nf TlnnfAn .. M -.! Foot of Benton street, Astoria, Orezon. WM. EDGAR, Dealer In Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes Meerschaum and Brier Pipes, GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY Revolvers and Cartridges. CORNER MAIN AND CHENAMUS STS. The Gem Saloon. The Popular Resort for Astorians. For tho Finest of Wines and Liquors Go to T1D2 GEM SALOON. ALEX. CAMPBELL, - - PROPRIETOR ASTORIA LIQUOR STORE, AUG. DAND2LS0N, - Proprietor. Rebuilt and Befitted Thronghoat. ' Tho Best of WIXES,I,lQUOKS,AND CIGASS, For a Good Cigar, call for one of "Danielson's Best." Corner West 9th and Water Streets, Astoria. n9-6m Sol Golfl Jewelry, BRACELETS, Scarf IPins, Chains, fata, SILVERWARE, Of every description. Tha finest stock of Jewelry In Astoria. erAll goods waxrantedasrepresented GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER, Magnus C. Crosby Dealer in HARDWARE, IRON, STM,, Iron Pipe and Fittings, STOVES, TINWARE AND HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS SHEET LEAD STRIP LEAD SHEET IRON, T23l and Copper. Good Building Lots ALDERBKOOK, For Sale at Low Rates. Apply to HYM.AN C. K1NY, At office of Clatsop M1U Company, on tha Roadway. For Sale. The Beautiful and Favorablj Located BAY VIEW RESTAURANT . Is for sale at a bargain, on account outlier'--proprietor's desire to go east to see her par ents Inmiire at the restaurant or at this: office.