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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 16, 1884)
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....NOVEMBER 1G 1SS4
THE NATION'S PERIL.
As an independent newspaper The
Astobiak lias no feeling in common
with those journals -who see in a par
ty triumph the downfall of the re
public or the subversion of popular
rights. The success of the outs at
the late election can have no such
blighting effect as is dreadfully
prophesied by lachrymose journals.
The Eepublican and Democratic
parties are so equally divided in num
ber, their purposes and policy are so
nearly identical that a temporary
triumph of the one or the other is
but as an occasional note distinguish
able in the grand symphony of our
But there is a danger that menaces
our existence as a nation, and one
which unless it be checked or over
come will doom us to destruction.
It is the alarming prevalence of ig
norance in our population. Whether
the Republican party shall retain
control or the Democratic party shall
regain control is purely a party ques
tion. There are a good many people
who have an abiding faith .in the
American people, and who believe
that the waves of party passion may
widely rock but never founder onr
ship of state.
Illiteracy is ever a foe to liberty.
Popular sovereignty cannot exist
where ignorance abounds. We must
have education or wo shall cease to
exist as a nation.
The census returns develop the ap
palling fact that there is in this conn
try a large and increasing percentage
of ignorance. In 1870 there were 5,-
658,144 people in the "United States un
able to read and write. In 1880 there
were G, 239,958. Reoent calculations
place the present number of illiterates
at 7,000,000. This is being constantly
augmented by illiterate immigration
and the natural increase of native ig
norance. Of the 0,239,958 illiterates
in this country in 1880, 2,255,460 were
native whites, 3,210,780 were native
colored, and 736,620 were foreign
born. These figures are more elo
quent than columns of comment. It
will be observed that the negro is
what swells the total of illiteracy in
the greatest degree. The native Mex
ioan population in New Mexico, Ari
zona, California and elsewhere, is bad
enough, but the figures of negro illit
eracy whether in the north, south
or west are almost disheartening.
In this illiteracy there is nothing
that can be charged as sectional.
While Massachusetts and Connecti
cut have the lowest ratio of native
ignorance, New Hampshire, Rhode
Island and Vermont exhibit figures
that show a percentage of illiteracy
almost as great as any other portion
of the Union. In the south 750 out
of a thousand negroes are illiterate.
Regarding this point tie official
report from which we quote says:
"The nation that gave the negro his
freedom loads the southern white
with nearly the entire expense and
responsibility of his training in civic
life and duty."
"The figures o the southern group
would seem to show that many of
those states made desperate efforts in
the earlier part of the decade to in
clude the colored children in their
schemes of public instruction, and
that the effort was relaxed or aban
doned later, being too great for their
resources. There is ample evidence
indeed, that the educators of the
south have struggled with every sort
of difficulty, and that they are not
blameable for the increase of illiteracy,
white or colored, in their states."
Mr. Curry, agent of the Peabody
fund, adds a strong appeal to the gov
ernment to accept the education of
the negro as a necessary result of
emancipating and enfranchising him,
and calls attention to the hardship of
throwing this duty on the south al
ready impoverished to exhaustion
and yet burdened with an ignorant
race unless they can accomplish the
"A thoughtful and considerate New
' Englander (Mr. Mayo, editor of the
New England Journal of Education,
who has traveled much in the south)
says: 'No similar class of people in
the old or new world has accom
plished so much in a time so short,
against obstacles so formidable. Up
on the slough of financial wreck and
absolute poverty, amid tho untold
li&rrassments and horrors of re
construction, with irritations that
ho stranger can conceive of,
the l b??001 systems were
erected. The resources of the south
are wholly inadequate to meet the
heavy burden which is upon her
The state of New York is said to
be worth in taxable property as much
as all the southern states. "With her
sparse population, with her means
not half what they were in ante hel
ium days, with double the number of
children to be educated, it is impos
sible for the south, by any tax short
of confiscation, to provide education
for the children within her borders.
The negroes are poor and pay a very
small part of the taxes. Of about
every S12 of the school fund, the
whites pay $11 and the negroes 81;
and yet, of these S12 the negroes get
S8.50 and the whites S3.50. Suffrage
in their hands is exceptionally dan
gerous, because, elated by the sud
denness and manner of their libera
tion, unacquainted with the responsi
bilities of freedom, crazed by vaguo
and false notions of liberty, they may
be easily deluded by bad men. They
have become the tools of demagogues
and the prey of the wicked. Manu
mission and enfranchisement create
an obligation on the part of the Fed
eral government to fit them for citi
zenship, and save them and our in
stitutions from the perils of ignorant
and reckless use of the franchise."
"In the United States we are in
clined to underrate perils.
v v 'jL'ne illiteracy ol six mil
lion citizens is more perilous than a
Uoniederate army thundering at the
gates of the capital. That army was
conquered and dissipated in four
years; Illiteracy unchecked covers
generations. It" is a festering cancer,
a clinging curse. "Certainly the ne
groes, ver se. are not a desirable pop
ulation. Their original introduction
was not or tne sontu's cnoosing. i
any desire to punish tho south for
clinging with too much tenacity to a
system of labor forced upon her,
surely tho most revengeful may now
well cry 'Hold, enough!' The negro
problem is not yet solved he is a sim
pleton who thinks it is. Tho ignor
ance, idleness, immorality, supersti
tion, and semi-barbarism which ob
tain in some localities are appalling."
Apart fro mquestions of party policy
or national legislation, it is evident
that in the matter of illiteracy both
north and south lies gravest peril to
tho nation. Nothing can save us but
Notice to Pilots on The Columbia
River and Bar.
fcTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT A
JLi meeting of the V. T. Board of I'liot
Commissioners for the Columbia Itlvcr and
liar will bo held'allhvaco, W. T., Dec. 4th.
By order of the Chairman,
Wednesday, November 19th, 484
The FLEETWOOD will carry you
there and back for
U. II. SCOTT.
MRS. EVA WALLMAN, - Proprietor.
First Class in Every Respect.
Fitted up -vritli crery Conven
ience for tlic Comfort or
Transient and Permanent Guests.
Corner Squcmoqua and West Cth Streets.
Occidental He! I!
TWO NIGHTS ONLY!
TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY
November 18th and 19th.
AMERICA'S GREATEST ACTRESS.
Supported by a company of Exceptional
Tuesday, Nov. 18,
The Latest Union Square Success.
Or WOMAN'S LOVE.
Wednesday, Nor. 10.
Owing to the great expense incuncd dur
ing this encasement the prices of admission
$1.50 and $1.00.
No extra charge for Reserved Seats
Tickets for sale at New York Noveltv store.
Tuesday, Nov. 18, 11 A.M.
Lots 5, C, and 7 In Block C, Adair's Astoria,
together with the residence and appurte
nances located thereon.
I am instructed to sell the above men
tioned eligible property, on the premises,
opposite the Anglo-American Packing Co.,
t i the highest bidders therefor.
Terms, half cash, balance on time. Title
perfect. Warranty deed.
E. G. nOLT)Ex,
Notice of Application.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
undersigned Intends to apply to the
common council of the city of Astoria at Its
next regular meeting, for a license to sell
wine, malt and spirituous liquors In less
quantities than one quart, for a period of
one year from the 15th day of November,
1884. in the building known at the Parker
House, and situated on lot No. 6, block No.
8, in the city of Astoria as laid out and re
corded by John McClure.
J. H. CLOSE.
IF YOU WANT
Wheeler & Kipp,
Piute Gas ail Steam Fitters
Warranted, and Estimates Given.
Irou and Lead Pipe, Bath Tub.
"Water Closets, and Gas
Chimney Pipe, Cheaper than Brick.
JOBBING PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
Corner Squemoqua and Hamilton Streets,
it. u. xktbui:y.
CITY BOOK STORE,
Have Just received a mammoth stock of
Books. The young and old, rich and poor
can all be accommodated.
AGENTS FOR THE
Kranlch &. Bach and Mandsfcldt &
Xotnl Pianonand WcMern
Orders for all kinds of Music or Instru
ments will be promptly filled.
Best BREAD in the City,
Best CAKES and PASTRY,
Best ICE CREAM,
Finest Ornamental "Work. to Order.
O". O: ROSS.
Main St. Astoria, Oregon.
ASTORIA LIQUOR STORE,
Kcbnilt and Befitted Throughout.
The Best of
WIXKS.IiiqUOKsl.AXD CI GABS,
For a Good Cigar, call for one of
Corner "West 9th and "Water Streets, Astoria.
The Gem Saloon.
The Popular Resort for Astorians.
Finest of Wines and Liquors
Go to THE GEM SALOON.
ALEX. CAMPBELL, - - PROPRIETOR
LOEB & CO.
AGENTS FOR THE
Best San Francisco Houses and
Tumblers Decanters, and All
Kinds of Saloon Supplies.
T-All foods sold at San Francisco Prices.
Opposite Parker House, Astoria, Oregon.
W. E. DEMENT & CO.
ASTORIA, - - OREGON
Carry In Stock,
DRUCS, CHEMICALS, TOILET
Prescriptions carefully Compounded
Carpets! Carpets! Carpets!
We beg to call the attention of the public to our latest iiuporlnfiun, direct from
Eastern manufacturers, of the largest invoice of CAKPETS ever offered
for sale in this city, comprising all grades, from the
FINEST BODY BRUSSELS
In the Newest Tints and Shades.
To the lowest priced article in this line. "We are determined to dispose of our stok of
Carpets within the next four weeks, and to that end offer special Inducements, precluding
the possibility of Being: "Undersold by any of onr Competitors.
Furniture and House Furnishing Line
"We can show you the very BEST GOODS at BOTTOM FIGURES, and shall he pleased
to receive a call for Inspection whether you purchase or not.
FURNITURE, FURNISHING GOODS,
Carpets, Matting, Pictures, Mirrors,
PICTURE FRAMES MOULDINGS, ETC., ETC.
At Greatly Reduced Prices,
ASTORIA FURNITURE CO.,
Cor. Chenamus and Hamilton Sts. II. Du BTJISSOX, Manager.
Howe Planing 11.
LARGEST AND FINEST
SASH AND DOOR FACTORY
In "Western Oregon.
A Full Stock on Hand and
Made Up to Order.
AND SATISFACTION GUARANTEED.
Sashes, Doors, Windows,
Of Best Material.
Bids Furnished Contractors, Carpenters
All bills dtie and payable at flie end ol tbe
month, unless otherwise agreed upon.
Wm. HOWE, Proprietor.
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Lumber, Salmon Trays,
OFFICE AND MILL, CORNER SALMON
AND CEDATt STREETS.
Twines and Netting.
MANUFACTURED BY TIIE
Baltimore Twine and Net Company.
WM. J. HOOPER & SON,
No. G, Soatk Calvert St., Baltimore, Md,
S-Send for Trice List, naming your County
and State, please mkntion this PAfEK.
Wilson & Fisher
HEAVY AND SHELF
Paints, Oils, and Varnish.
' LOGGERS' SUPPLIES.
Salem Flouring Hills,
Portland Roller Mills,
Capital Flour and
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
firm of J. E. Thomas has assigned all
their property to the undersigned for. the
benefit of their creditors and all persons
having claims against said estate must pre
sent the same duly verified to the assignee
at his office In Astoria, Oregon, within three
months from this date.
$67,000,000 Capital !
Liverpool and London and Globe.
North British and Mercantile
Of London and Edinburgh.
Old Connecticut of Hartford,
COMMERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA
Fire Insurance Companies,
Representing a Capital of $67,000 OOO.
B. VAN DUSEN. Anent,
Royal Brand Flour
Manufactured by the
OREGON MILLING COMPANY
Is of Superior Quality, and Is Endorsed
by all who use It.
THE HOUSEKEEPER'S FAVORITE
Of Superior Rising Quality.
Guaranteed to Give Satisfaction.
WYATT & THOMPSON
Sole Agents for Astoria.
At the well-known Restaurant of
On and after this date Oysters in every
style will be serred at 25 Cents.
Fancy Roasts and Fried Oysters 35 Cents
R. DIXON, - - Proprietor.
Another Reduction to Suit Hard
UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE THE ASTO
riaWood Yard. Gray's Dock, foot of
Benton street, will sell wood at the follow
ing prices and deliver wherever the streets
are planked, between Trulllnger's Mill and
O'Brien's Hotel, back to Astor street :
Oreen Alder. 2-CUt SU 25 tier enrrt Intur .i Hi
urv uu uu
Dry do do
Green Fir do
Dry Fir do
and S. limbs do
and S. limbs do
5 50 d
5 25 do
do 5 00
Wood of Ail Kinds
By the Scow load at REDUCED BATES.
J. H. D. GRAY'
Astoria, June 1st, 1884.
STOCK AND WORKMANSHIP
Boats of Every Description Built.
Shop over Arndt & Ferchen's.
R. 31. IE4THEB.
FIVE HUNDRED CORDS DRY HEM
loclc Wood, which I will dellvsr at the
hoiiM of customers for $4 a cord.
DraylBff of all kinds done at reasonable
For -The Pinest Groceries.
For The Freshest Vegetables,
For The Most Complete Assortment,
For Absolute Satisfaction,
In Filling and Delivering All Orders,
Family Grocery and Provision Store,
Corner Benton and Chenamjis Streets,
Opposite Custom House
TER apply to the Captain, or to
Fall and Winter Campaign Opened
'Having mustered all our forces for the aoraing event we are fully
prepared to present in splendid array, an almost irresistible army of
New and Stylish Goods in all onr Departments,
Anxiously awaiting a fearless onslaught on "the part of our patrons,
under the able leadership of the invincible General Cash, to whom we
shall gracefully andunconditionally surrender.
Among our latest novelties we direct attention to our
New Ball's Coiled Spring Elastic, Section Corset,
Having secured tlio sole agency in this city for this famous brand.
We guarantee to the purchaser perfect satisfaction in every respeet,
and the privilege of wearing a corset for three weeks on trial; if found
deficient tho purchase money will be refnnded.
Jobn A. Montgomery,
Tin, Sheet iron and Copper Ware.
A General Assortment of
Magee Stoves and Eaiiges
The Best In the market.
Plumbing goods of all kinds oa hand. Job
work done In a workmanlike manner.
PLUMBING, GAS FITTING, AND CANNERY WORK
Attended to Promptly on Reasonable Terms.
Chenamus Street, Next toC L. Parker's Store.
ASTORIA, - OBfiQOXT.
THE NEW MODEL
MHKBEJfyV ,r---- s;
iMI ampS.Mrzfr:sl i'?ilie3f33t!ii
A FTTLX STOCK
-.-.sc:jj:.o.,3castacia,sott a'sca a-aa:
MARTIN OLSEN & CO.
FURNITURE SS BEDDING
Corner Main and SquemoqHa Streets. Astoria, Oregon.
WINDOW SHADES AND TRIHMHCS; WALL PAPER, ETC.
A Complete Stool.
PRICES AS CHEAP AS QUALITY WILL APPORD.
AIX KINDS OF FUBKITURE REPAIRED AICD TARNISHED.
FflAi 4 STOKES.
A. FULL LINK OF
Jut FtMbkM In Bur f 8tre.
Ebsn P. Par her, Master.
For TOWING, FREIGHT or CHAR
11. K. FABKEB.
RANGE CAN BE HAD IN AS-
fi TORIA ONLY OF
Em Mb BAWES,
CALL AND EXAMINE IT, V X
WTLL BE P1.EASED.
E. K. IIATVE3 Is also agent for tJ t
Ml patent Cootinir Stove
And other first-class Si07es.
Furnace Work. Steam Fit
tings etc., a specialty
ALWAYS ON HAND.
a. jronx son-.
Hardware and Slip (Mlerj
VAN DUSEN & CO..
Hardware and Ship Chandlery
r Pure Oil, Bright Varnish,
Binacle Oil, Cotton Canvas,
Hemp Sail Twine,
Cotton Sail Twine,
Wrought Iron Spikes,
Galvanized Cut Nails,
Fitiats sw Ottt,irwr&j, tc,