Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (March 22, 1884)
She gattg gtffonan.
THE J I'll Y SYSTEM.
The jury system is simply with us
a lingeringvideuco of the marvelous
conservatism -of the Teutonic people,
and especially of the Anglo-Saxon
branch. In England, when the judi
ciary depended upon the crown it was
a bulwark between the citizen and a
power which was really absolute,
when it was applied through th
courts upon a oitizen.
It was a jury of the vicinage and
it was a jury of peers. It was the sole
barrier between the citizen and crown
or the judges of the crown. The in
quest by a jury of the vicinage, at
once jurors and witnesses, sitting
upon an accused neighbor, was a fea
ture which early disappeared, and, in
the rules of the exolusion of intelli
gence, the system has gone to the op
posite extreme. In America, with an
elective j udiciary, directly dependent
upon the people, there is no need for
a jury as a cushion between power
and the.citizen. In cities, where it
is sometimes asserted that lings
get possession of public affairs, it
is conceivablo that honest men
might occasionally need some
such barrier against injustice,
but it is precisely in cities that such
barrier would bo ineffectual, and
there that rings would probably ap
peal to the jury system as a way to
lay the responsibility for injustice off
upon an irresponsible part of the
Under any other judiciary system
than the elective, it is impossible to
conceive how the jury could I5e need
ed as a safeguard for the citizen.
Where governors change every four
years and legislatures change every
two years, no system of appointment
could be devised which would not
leave judges so closely dependent
upon popular power as to render it
unnecessary for that purpose. About
the most that can bo said for it is
that the judgment of twelve good men
and true is better than the judgment
as to facts of any learned lawyer fit
to be a judge. That a juror shall be
a freeholder or a householder has
proved no safeguard against ignor
ance and loafers in the jury box.
While good juries can still be had in
country districts and small towns,
they cannot often be had in large
cities. The question is new: How
long will" conservatism wrestle with
the patent evils of this system? The
administration of law is everywhere a
mockery, a sham, and an injustice.
Where justice is a failure the respon
sibility is laid off to be borne by the
irresponsible part of the judioial ma
chinery. "It was the jury," and that
is the end of it. The vilest criminal
is acquitted in the clearest case. "It
was the outrageous verdict of the
jury," and it must bo assumed that
the verdict was honestly rendered, or
if it is openly charged that it was
otherwise, there is no responsibility
and no means of reaching the case.
The jury can be made to bear all the
sins of the entire machinery of
justice and bear them comfortably;
for, when the jury disperses, there is
an end of it It is a convenient scape
to bear all sins off into the wilder
ness. As ic is, the jury system is a
failure, it is an utterly irresponsible
scape for the failures and shortcom
ings and misdeeds of the entire ma
chinery of justice.
The London Lancethos heard with
satisfaction .that a ventilating bed
quilt has been invented, which it un
derstands to be a perforated coverlet,
with the holes filled with some sub
stance that will let vapor go through,
and that has been tested and works
to a charm. This fills a long-felt
want. Our unventilated beds are too
much like the woodchuck's hole,
leaving our noses the only ventilator,
while the body exudations are con
fined in the bedclothes. This may do
for the woodchuck in his weather sig
nal Eervice, but human beings are not
A benevolent journal has inter
viewed leading New York phyeician
on the need and utility of this inven
tion, and he pronounces it a big thing
in saving life. He says that beds are
the chief cause of death, and proves
it by the fact that most people die in
bed. .This is the proof of statistics,
and they can .not lie. Said this med
When we consider how many folks
die in bed, there can be no doubt that
our beds are terribly unhealthy.
He demonstrated further that beds
are the cause of death by the unde
niable faot that in civilized countries
people spent as much as a third of
their time in bed, aud they die. Put
the two together, and we have the
cause and effect Said he:
Do we not all spend jicarly or
quite one-third of our time in bed,
and during nearly all of that time are
we not helpless in sleep death's
counterfeit? Helpless are we, then,
to detect the bad effect of sleeping in
Ijcuiudtca ueua as u msiQlOUSlV
"ger us: helpless to remedy
9ts; helpless to
ided to know
or if nature
But his Stron C statifltinnl Tvunf. is
that most people die in their beds,
and, therefore, that the bods are the
cause. Obviously we must quit beds
if we would live forever. But ther
is another fact bearing on this ques
tion. Behold the horse; how well he
sleeps, and how fresh and regularly
he rises. He never complains of
catching cold in bed. It is because
he sleeps with his shoes on; whereat
we wear our shoes through the day
and pull them off when we go to bed,
exposing our feet, thus made sensitive
to the chill. How can we expeot to
live if we do this violence to nature?
With shoes on and o porous bedquiltj
people migHt avoid dying till their
time comes. But if they will go on
sleeping in beds, when they see that
most people die in them, they must
expect to share the common fato.
The census report for 1880 contains
the most elaborate and valuable sta
tistics of railroads ever gathered by
any cotmtry in the world. The cost
of all the railroads in the country
and their equipment is put at some
thing over $4,530,000,000; their aggre
gated funded debt reaches $2,390,000,
000, or as muoh as the total interest
bearing national debt and the munici
pal debt of the country combined,
and their income is $661,000,000 per
year, of whioh $527,000,000 goes for
expenses and $134,000,000 to the profit
account. These roads are owned by
300,000 persons, a muoh larger num
ber than is generally supposed. The
number of employes is 419,000.
The Seattle papers have opened out
against the Northern Pacific land
grant and demand its forfeiture. It
took our Seattle contemporaries a
long time to realize the ones idedn ess
of unearned railroad grants, but now
they are atoning for their late con
version by the most zealous denunci
ation of the proposed plan.
Advices from Vienna state that
there is a strong movement on foot
in the Province of Galicia in favor of
emigration to Amerioa. The magis
tracy of East Galicia have unani
mously petitioned the governor of the
province to prohibit the sale of pas
senger tickets for American ports.
At the residence of his son, on Gray's
river, Wahkiakum county, W. T., Jesse
Baker, Sr., aged 77 years.
This Day, 10:30 A. M.t
AT HOLDEN'S AUCTION ROOMS.
New, and Second-hand Furniture.
Two Bedroom Set, complete. Double and
Single Cottage Bedsteads, Chairs, Lounges,
Double, 3,-and Single Wire MJring Beds.
Also. Cooking and Heating Stows, 22 Good
Straw Ticks, and a lot of Sundries.
E. C. HOLDRX,
THE REGULAR QUARTERLY EXAMIN
ation for those v. ishing to procure teach
ers' cert iflcates for Clatsop county, will be
held at the office of the county superintend
ent, two doors west of the Catholic church,
on Fridav and Saturday, the 2Sth and 29th
inst., beginning at nine a. m.
22-1 wk Co. Supt.
The new Steamer
N. P. JOHAN8EN, - - - Master
Will leave for TILLAMOOK, on
When Freight la Offered,
FOR SAILING DATES AND PARTICU
lars apply to J. O. HUSTLER. Mam
sirtM-t Wharf. Aaiorja : AU.EN & LEWIS,
Portland : .1. L. STORY Tillamook.
CHAS. A. MAY,
New Store, New Stock
Toys, Fancy Good,
Tobacco and. Cigars.
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
A PINE ASSORTMENT.
Squemoqua street, next door to the Empire
R. M. LEATHERS
Has reopened Iiia boat shop, over Arndt &.
Ferohen's, foot of LaFaj6ttf street, &nd Is
prepared to turn ont
ALLi WORK GUARANTEED.
FURNISHED ROOMS TO LET.
A T MRS. GEO. KILLER'S. NEXT DOOR
L to Wes-on Hotel.
STEAMBOAT FOR SALE
&10("in A SUI'K AND STRONGLY
pr:VvvJ built side wheel steamboat,
wood work and machinery nearly new, flt
ed for passenger traffic, freight and towing,
will be sold at once, as the owner is about
to remove from the Mate. Applv t
BARROWS & OLIVER.
4 Washington st. Portland Ogn.
CONTRACT TO .BE LET.
"ElOB 100 CORDS OF HEMLOCK BARK
For particulars inquire at the Tannery
Delinquent School Tax.
THE DELINQUENT SCHOOL TAX LIST
of School District No 1, Is now in niv
hands for collection. Parties interested
will goern themselves accor'Inely.
Sheriff Clatsop County.
Astoria. Or., March isth. 18S1.
4 LARGE, FINE STORE ROOM AD.fOIN-
g my place of business ; also part of
Ore upp-r floors If desired. For fur
articuiars Inquire of
Corner Olney and Squemoqua streets.
FIVE HUNDRED CORDS DRY HEM
lock Wood, which I will deliver at the
houses of oustomers for $1 a cord.
Draylng or all kinds done at reasonable
ratM. B S. MARION.
F. W. STECHII AN Lessee.
Wm. EMKUSON, Proprletorand Manager,
Saturday Evening, March 22nd.
ONE NIGHT OHLY!
THE EVENT OF THE SEASON
IX ITS F.VTIKETY.
The entire company now plalnj at the
Standard 1 heatrc w U KsUiely
Their Brilliant First Part,
New and Laughable Sketches.
And a Screaming Afterpiece.
By Just the Plain Comedian,
The fallowing names are guarantee what
a treat is In store :
Charley Reed, Just the Plain Comedian.
Billy Sweataam, Eccentric Comedian and
Oar OHartette, Ben Clark. H. F. Bishop, U.
WKrillman, Frank Voluga.
Gilbert Sarony, in his original eccentricities.
Wilson and Cameron, In Acrobatic Songs and
F. B. Xalcom, the greatest Female Imper
sonator. Griffin and Bice, In rollicking Ethiopian
Casa Doirnlag, and his superb Orchestra.
Treasurer for Win. Emerson.
FIRST CLASS SHAVING
Hair Dressing Saloon.
FITTED UP IN A NEW AND AUTISTIC
manner. Every attention paid patrons.
I have fitted up and oiKjned a flrst-cl.is
Barbershop at Cal Adler's old stand n
Cbennmus street, and am rradv lor b:tslnes
143 Sui LKN. OHLER.
Coffee and Ice Cream Parlors.
In 3Hxr:ry Style.
Bread and Cakes
OF Afct KIXJS.
Weddings and Parties supplied with strictly
-French and American-o
Manufactured, Wholesale and Retail.
- R E A D
IN THE CITY
Made from the Finest Flour
F. B. ELBERSON'S
SEASIDE BAKERY !
CAKES AND CONFECTIONERY.
Everything first class and guaranteed.
$67,000,000 Capital !
Liverpool and London and Globe.
North British and mercantile
Of London and Edinburgh.
Old Connecticut of Hartford,
COMMERCIAL OP CALIFORNIA
Fire Insurance Companies,
Representing a Capital of S67,O00,00O.
A. VAN DUREN. Aeent,
ASTORIA LIQUOR STORE,
Rebuilt and Refitted Throughout.
The Best of
WIS? KS. IjiqilO Rat, AXD CIGARS
For a Good Cigar, call for one of
Corner "West 9th and Water Streets, Astoria.
B. S. Worsley,
fyOfflce an-l "Ware Rooms on Squemoqua
aireei. next coor 10 corner oi uiney.
Advancements made on Consignments
No (Hinrsra for Ktornge or Goods
BANKING AND INSURANCE!
I. W. CASE,
Broker, Banker, and Insur
ASTORIA, - OREGON
OFFICE HOURS :
From 0 o'clock A. 31. until 3 o'clock P. M.
INTEREST ON DEPOSITS.
THE UNDERSIGNED WOULD RE
spectfully Inform the citizens of Astoria
and vicinity that he will pay Interest ou
dally deposits and balances, from this date
until further notice.
L W. CASE,
March 61 h, 1681.
FURNISHED ROOMS TO LET
By the Sight. Dny, Week or Moath
WITH OR WITHOUT BOARD,
With use of Parlor, Library and all the com
forts of a home. Terras reasonable.
Apply to MRS. E. C. HOLDEN.
Oer. Mala and Jefferson sts.
You Are Sure to be Suited
Leading Furniture House
Hall, Office, Library, Parlor, Chamber
and DINING ROOM, in
WALNUT, CHERRY, ASH, AND MAPLE.
We are without a doubt showing the Largest and Most Complete
line of CHAMBER SUITS in this city, unequaled in Design, Work
manship and Finish.
We Carry an IMMENSE STOCK OF CARPETS of All Designs
and Colors in
Body, Roxbury, and Tapestry Brussels, Three Plys,
LADIES' PRIVATE COMPANION
A COMMON SENSE MEDICAL INSTRUCTOR FOR LADIES ONLY;
Containing full Infbrmnllnn In reference to nil questions relating to Wiunuuhnail, the
bet er to enable th- sex to iulfl:l Jhelr iiuties and enjoy tlieui-e ves in their various r-la-UoiiSiiS.lluiileiiR.
ut ten ttntl Mothers. It is, as a popular work, ominendlnr Itself to
the gre.it heart of Womanhood ; written in plain, run ie nsul diiirnlo language,
easy of uueistanding and ahove all other lecommcndations, It is thoroughly rcllnlm
niiii right to Ikr pumt.
It is a worK w h:ch til s a place occupied by no o her book, and Is a complete library In
its-lf. No lady howevrrsmslt ve. wll tvi-r regn't its perusal. It gives information which
will make lift more plejsant,;lve a higher ze t to its enjoyment, i. ake tho-e hy wlnni
hoiHe ties are pr zed, prize and njnv tin m still moie;uhl'eIt will cert Inly n-lli-ve man
iikome buniens now bm ne h ihoe towlimn II e Ills proved almot. If not quite, a fall
un!. It Ives the raus s, symptoms and treatment with prescript oi s for every disease
peculiar to the sphere for which it is delj:nd To thoe who hae unlntentli-nally. Ii
Ignorance, or b reckless ulsre.anl ot the divine laws of health in tde themselves wretch
ed in life by sickness, resulting from any of the various forms of weaknesses, which follow
in the tram ot womanhood, we can unhesitatingly ami most confidently recommend this
book as one which will give you the atlvice your necessities require In order to lestore
you to health aud happiness. The wasti d hum. the pale, wait en ek. the hstless sunken
ees, ihe slowly dnigg.ug step, the "thed n iture" Is too often seen in our homes. 'Ihe
authors of this work sincerely hell ve that all these features mav be changed, the form
again routmed and plump the cheeks to bloom with roseo of health, the eve to sparkle
with lire and t ivacity. the ligot. qtil'-k step regained, -.ml th- enervated nature, restored,
by simple home treatment and prescriptions as laid down In this work, aud In th's be
lief, and with an earnest desire to benefit the sullerlng, and renew health and happiness
to the afilicted, and to furnish such Information to those now In health, as will enable
them to retain it and avoid th-e alfQcultles, this book has been prepared. Everv invalid
shouldobtain a copy and tieat iIiciiim-ivc. and no lady In health can afford lobe without
it and thus remain in ignorance of its peculiar, eiitcrtnliilna id lrutlve teaching
It Is recommended hy mat.y eminent lady physicians as a SAFE CUIDE FOR THE
SEX. Ii 1 handsomely hound and illustrated. .Sent postpaid to IuUIch only, upon
receipt of 8 J .00. Address tue
ROCHESTER PUBLISHING CO.
Nos. 32, 33, and 33 Oabnrn Block,
JtOCIIESTEC, X. Y.
THE iEW YORK.
Opposite the Parker House.
Headquarters .for the Young
and the Old.
Books Musical Instruments. Toys Sta
tionery and Novelties of Every
All (lie Lending Publications
or the Jaj.
Ask to he shown the Clarlona, tuo latest
novel of mecbaulca, ingenuity.
J. W. EUDDOCK,
Practical Plumbing in All its
Steam and Gas Fixtures,
A Complete Stock of First-clss Material.
All Work Qnarnuteed.
Office and Shop on Cass Street, rear or
Case's bank. Astoria, Oregon.'
Fresh and Cured Meats.
SAUSAGE A SPECIALTY.
Next Ixor to John Sogers Central Market.
jy THE s
Utew York Novelty
J STOKE! 4?
Astoria Shooting Gallery
Next Door to A. G. Sppxarth's
Chenatnua stteet, near Malu.
Asa. MarKsman, and win a
"Flrst-clara Guns : Charges Moderate.
Open till 10:30 P.M..
Jk. W. 41 A.TK, - Proprietor.
IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC.
THE BEST BRANDS OF TOBACCO.
Cor. Squemoqua and Olney Streets, Astoria.
Tho Oregon improvement Co.
Now have for sale at the new Bunkers.
ForDomeitlcuse, cleau, $7.50 per ton of
For steam use, average, $0.58 per ton of
For Stpam use, screenings. 84.50 per ton of
Also constantly on hand Flrst-clas
For Blacksmith use, at market rates.
, E. A.NoYIiS.
Royal Brand Flour
Manufactured hy the
OREGON MILLING COMPANY
Is of Superior Quality, and Is Endorsed
by all who us It.
THL HOUSEKEEPER'S FAVORITE
Of Superior KIsinj Quality.
Guaranteed to Give Satisfaction.
WYATT & THOMPSON
Mole Ascntct for Astoria.
TT IIESR CELEBRATED MEDICINAL
X Senng- situated in Lane Countv, i iregon,
are unequa ed for the cure of Catiiirhal af
fections, Kheumatlsm, and Djspepsla, as
th' usonds throughout the Northwest will
Every care Is clven invalids and those
who seek the benefits f the waters
rarriajies leav the St Charlt-s Hotel, Eu
gene City, every Wednesday and Saturday,
direct for the Spriupri.
rNE GOOD MILCH COW-FOUR YEARS
old. Inquire of,
TEU apply to the Captain, or to
Fine Goods - ReducedPi ices
Ladies desirous of procuring Goods
uneqjialed in Style and Finish will
take pleasure in examining our
SILKS, SATINS and DRESS GOODS.
GENTS' FURNISHING DEPARTMENT,
Everything is Complete
and of the "best.
THE NEW MODEL
XM:'2 3; QrSM-fSsSc i
RRSbFI 111 il KRir: I HE.1 HMMTI C-L5I
A TULIi STOCK ALWAYS ON HAND.
E3. H.- TT A 17'ES,
Two doors east of Occident Hotel. ASTORIA, OREGON .
John A. Montgomery,
Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Ware.
A General Assortment of
Magee Stoves and Eaiiges
The Best lu the market.
1'iumbing goods of all kinds on hand. Job
work done in a workmanlike manner.
PLUMBING, GAS FITTING, AND CANNERY WORK
Attended to Promptly on Reasonable Terms.
Clienamns Street, A'ext to C Ii. Parker's Store.
ASTORIA, - OREGOW.
MARTIN OLSEN So CO.
EALERS IN yS
F.TJEN1TTJEJE 25 BEDDING.
Corner 3Inin nnd dquexnoqun Streets. Astoria, Oregoa.
WINDOW SHADES AND TRIMMINGS; WALL PAPER ETC.
A Complete Moch.
PRICES AS CHEAP AS QUALITY WILL AFFORD.
i i.i. kixus of fitriutitef: ijepairkd aivt vtRisnEi).
LESS THAN COST !
A Large and Complete Stock
IS TO BE SOLD I
AT THE SIGN OF
The Golden Shoe.
On Squemoqua Street.
A Complete Assortment of
BOOTS AND SHOES
Of the FINEST QUALITY,
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES
Ladies' and Children's Shoes
If You Want a BARGAIN Do Not
Miss This Opportunity.
THESE GOODS "WILL BE SOLD AT A
LESS THAN COST.
I. J. ABVOJLD, Agent, -
Eben P, Parfser,Maater.
For TOWIXO, FREIGHT or CHAR
n. R. PARKER.
KAXGE CAN BE HAD IN AS
TORIA ONLY OF
Ifl E, B. HAWB9,
fe&ss nATT Am .
Y WiVAiU AH1 CmVOUIIII . II. Illll
r WILL BE PLEASED.
E. R. HA WES is also agent for the
M patent Qntiw Stove
tZX And other first-class stoves.
Furnace "Work, Steam Fit
tinus. etc, a speoialty '
Tne best of California and Foreign
Wines and Liquors
Krpt Constantly on Hand
Domestic and. Forelga Cigars ef
the best Brands.
NATIONAL BREWERY BEER.
On Concomly between Benton and Lafa
yette s tret ts.
lm GEOBGE GOBUEB
I. W. CASE,
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE AND KX
TAIL DEALER LN
Corner Chenamus and Cass streets.
ASTORIA .... OBEGOH