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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View This Issue
. . ,;,,
VOL. XX. XO. J2J.
ASTORIA, OREGON, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1884.
PRICE, FIYE CENTS.
What the Indian. Require ami What the
Go eminent 3Iut Pay.
t t i icM oi t t i
In July, 1&33 Chief Mo and ;
l;-CtL Vl5SJ; l
.wwuuU D -,u,-u" """
tue united totates jroverninent to.
and renioe to the Colville reserva
tion on certain terms, which were
published in this xaper soon after the
agreement was signed. The lands
which the Indians agree to abandon
are estimated to be worth more than
$3,000,000, aud an examination of the
situation by Major Baldwin, at the
direction of General Mile, ihows that
the Indians are ready to perform their
part of the contract as soon as the
government shall perform its part.
THE IKDIAX QUESTION IX THE
Fair dealing on the part of the
government at this time will, it is
claimed, forever settle the Indian
Suestion in the northwast, for all of
le Indians have carefully considered
the matter and are satisfied with the
terms made. Major Baldwin found
that the Itfdians had, in September
last, even gone so far as to select the
location of their future home. Many
of these Indians have small improve
ments on the Columbia reservation,
where they have hay and grain in
stacks for their stock, and stored pro
visions for .their families for this sea
son; hence they do not wish to move
before the spring of 18SL They
said: "We are ready to move as soon
as oongress confirms the agreement
of last summer." Firmly believing
that this agreement will be confirmed,
many of fhese Indians expressed a de
termination to commence building
their homes on the Colville reserva
tion this winter, and in every way
they showed a willingness to do as
the government desires, but not
without regret at leaving their old
Sar-sop-kiu's following numbers
157 persons, about thirtj'-two lodges
or separate families. To carry out
the terms of agreement with Sar-sop-kin,
it will cost the government
$9,371.90, in consideration of which
and upon receipt of same, Sar-sop-kin
and his entire following agree to re
linquish all other provisions of said
agreement made for their benefit, and
surrender all claims to the Columbia
Moses was consulted, and he aid
he and liis people had concluded to
go on to Colville Reservation and
hoped to get the assistance from the
government in time to put in the
spring crop of 18S4.
He desired to have his school house
and mill erected as soon as possible.
They have selected their new homes
on the Neishilem creek, and the bite
for his houses was selected by his
request; and when they receive the
property promised they will relin
quish all claim to the Columbia Res
ervation, as well as any other claims
they may have upon any other por
tion of the public domain outside of
the Colville Reservation.
Moses' band of Indians are not as
far advanced in the art of husbandry
as Sar-sop-kin's band. Moses needs
money at once to buy seed grain for
spring sowing. He has a total fol
lowing of one hundred one eighty
persons, "with not less than forty
male adults. Every Indian talked
with expressed a desire to go to work
on a farm, and within a year's time
Moses and his 'band will cease to be
a menace to our frontier settlements;
and they will in time become a self
supporting and happy people. To
carry out the above agreement with
Moses it will cost the government the
first year, $12,567.93; second voar,
33,800; and the third year, $2,800.
THE COLUMBIA EE5EKVATION.
Besides the following of Mose3
-and Sar-sop-kin, there are living on
the Columbia Reservatien: First,
the Methorn band (no chief), number
ing thirty-two people. Second, the
Chelan band, (Chelan Jim, chief(,
numbering 144 people.
These pooj)le ,do not acknowledge
Moses as their chief, but they accept
the agreement in which there are pro
visions affecting them, and at their
request farms were located for them.
To carry out the. terms of the agree
ment with those of the Chelan and
Methorn Indians who prefer to go on
tne Uomile iteservation, it will cost
the government $800. "Lands,'' says
Major Baldwin, "were staked off for
these Indians, and it is .hoped will be
properly surveyed and confirmed,
which will tend more than anything
else to encourage the Indians to lo
cate lands in severalty, giving up all
: claims fo other parts of the public
domain, to say nothing of the act of
justice in securing to them their
homes where they have lived so long,
and where they are contented and
To-nas-ket, the principal chief of
the Colville Indians, a man of great
force of character, much respected
'bjrthe JndianB of all bands, cultivates
taP' extensive farm, and owns large
herds of cattle. His income this
year exceeded $2,000 cash, which he
.has in the mam expended in purchas
ing, farming implements and stock.
-He lufs received little or no help from
. the government in the past, and
shows a deep interest in his people,
urging them to work and take up
lands; and now his greatest desire is
to have a suitable school provided
"" BdiBDINO SCHOOL AND MILLS.
He is anxious that the boarding
(school and mills be provided without
delay. The help and support asked
of the government by him, extended
now, will plac& him in a position
hefe he will lead all his people to a
self-supporting condition. The mill
he asks for is of the greatest neces
sity to all the Indians. They have
been obliged in the past and also at
present to take their grain thirty
miles into the interior of the British
'possessions to have it ground, and
h'ftilhave to crive one-half of the grist
ior the grinding. To-nas-ket and all
his people agree ana are periectiy
-willing that all Indians on the Colum
, xaeervatic-n. shall settle -on - the
1 Colville reservation; and not only J
thK tbev are willine thr.t all J'cr
I Indians outside of the Columbia res
ervation, who Lave a desire to .settle
t down and become industrious farm-
erN shall come to their reservation
d . aJ th benefitsto be de-
'iwd Rn the generous sifts of the
" ,11.,. ,.v ?, ,.,. Af0; -HnMn-'n
"strucclinir airainst ignorance and
annivuguj aua ii.ujvi -r..-. .. ..."
poverty, as well us the enmity and
avarice of the whites, To-nas-ket and I
his people have always been friends J
of the whites, and are to-day farther
advanced in civilization than auy
other band of Indians that I hj.ve
seen west ol the Mississippi river."
LOST TO THE OOVEUNMENT.
To furnish To-nas-ket what has'
been promised him it will cost the
government ' 2 1,539.75. "The cost as
7. ...-,.. if:. Tl.l.,.:.. a..t- 'T-nrc i
given, Major ialdwin sat, covers !
transportation and delivery to I
Sprague, W. T., this being the nearest J
rauroau siauoii 10 111c ueaifiuaicu
point of delivery on the Colville re-
Money appropriations for the pur
pose of carrying cut the aforesaid
agreement should be made available ,
not later than the first of February,
18Si, that farming implements may be
delivered by March 1, 1884, so as to
enable them to plant sufficient crops
for their 18S4 support, and that all
the freighting and delivery of prop
erty may be completed before high
water, which will delay all work late
into the season. It is recommended ,
that a practical farmer be employed 1
for Moses and his people the first
j ear. The sum of $500 should be
used in purchasing seed for Moses
and his people, as they have nothing
of the kind to begin with. To pre
vent Indians trading to whites any
article which may be furnished them
by the United Stales Government, it
is suggested that by Act of Congress
it be made a criminal offense punish-,
able by heavy fine and imprisonment,
for any -white man to have in his pos
session any article of property fur
nished by the Government for the
use of the Indians, and that a'l such
articles be marked in some way in
order to be easily recognized.
GEN. MILES' OPINION.
Gen. Miles, in forwarding Major
Baldwin's report to the authorities at
Washington, said the confirmation of
the agreement would restore to the
public domain a tract of laud worth
at least $3,000,000. "This," he says,
is a case where the Government has
the opportunity, by fair dealing and
proper consideration for the interests
of the Indians for a very moderate
consideration, to locate a very large
number of Indians in severalty, or by
families, and put them in a way to
make themselves self supporting and
to become a productive, prosperous
people. I earnestly icquest that
every means may be taken to promote
the success of this measure,
"The experience aud good judg
ment of Capt. Baldwin. Judge Advo
cate of the Department, has been of
much benefit in bringing about this
The total cost of carrying out fhe
agreement with the Indians will be,
for the first year, SSG,9G0; second
year. S8,800; third year. SG.300.
Death of Two General..
Pakis, Feb.2G.- Gen. Schramm and
DewimpfTeu are dead. The former
enteied the army in 170!), when only
10 years of age, and before complet
ing his 24th year of age he was briga
dier general. Dewimpffen, during
the Franco-Prussian war, received an
order, August 23th, appointing him
commander-in-chief in case Marshal
McMahon be disabled. On Septem
ber 1st, during the battle of Sedan,
hearing that McMahon was wounded,
he produced his commission and as
sumed chief command. He at once
reversed orders for recapitulation al-'
ready given, hoping for victory. The
order directing retreat came from the
emperor, and not from him. De
wimpffen thereupon proposed to the
emperor that they should try to save
themselves by cutting their way to
Carignan. The emperor would not
consent, and the general offered his
resignation. The emperor would not
accept it, and all that was left for him
to do was to conclude and sign the
capitulation of the great army under I
his command. ;
A Seattle dispatch of the 26th, savs:
The discharged employes of the Ce
dar Eiver railroad held an indigna
tion meeting to take measures to ob
tain wages due them. The company's
timekeepers made out the time checks
of the men and stamped them unot
transferable'. Por this reason the
men are unable to have their
cashed, and many of them are dis
posed to be violent, somo threatened
to destroy the company's property.
Attorney McNaught asked that a
committee from the men wait on him,
and he agreed, on behalf of the com
pany, to make the time checks trans
ferable, provided tho holders were
properly identified. The Transcon
tinental are about to transfer their
interest to another company. The
latter refuses to advance the money
until the transfer is completed, and
the Transcontinental cannot pay un
til the cash is forthcoming from the
new company, x'rouble is anticipated.
It is rumored in "Washington that
inside of the next two -weeks there
will be a letter published fromTilden
stating that though he does not want
to be a candidate for the presidency
again, he will consent to serve in that
capacity if the country and the party
cannot "be saved in any other way. It
would please half a dozen, prominent
Democrats very much if Tilden would
die and go to heaven. He is in their
wav, and although all kinds of sug
gestions have been made to him to
give up the position and look afterhis
soul, the invalid turns a deaf ear to
The Oregon Eailway and Naviga
tion company is offered the money
needed to build the Baker City
branch, to meet the Oregon Short
Line of the Union Pacific, upon its
three year loan, at 3 per cent in
aKr 2! f'avSfViAVrwf?! tw TIVV
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sciatica,
Lumbago, Backache, Hoadache, Toothache,
Soro Tbront. Swclllnx. Sprain. Bruise,
ooro A BUrnV sc&m. rret uite.
xsv xth other bodily pai.s asd aches.
t;ik 1 initLf a. ur.i.wi m
BilUam, L, CS-i.
W CELEBRATED Q5
P. . 8T03IACEE
TJioy who work early nud late the year
rouml need, ncc.icion.illy. the he.tlihtul slim
u'us inip.uteil Ii) a wholesome tonic
like Ho-rtrtte 's Stomach Bitters To all. Its
purity aiiil efllcienc a a remedy and pre
ventlveof dis-ase commend it. It checks
incipient rheumatism and malarial symp
toms, relieves constipation, dyspepsia, and
bill miners, arrets prrm uure decay of the
ph lc U energies, mltiga'e.s the infirmities
of aue and hasten convalescence. Korsale
bv all Druggists and Dealers generally.
Fromtheaosources arise throe-fourths
of the diseases of the human race. These
symptoms Indicate their existence:
Xioss of Appetite, Bowels costive,
SIclc Headache, fullness after eat
Iii, aversion to exertion of body or
mind. Eructation of food,XrritabiN
of having neglected some duty,Dlz
xiticss,FlutlerlngattheHeart,I)ots before the eyeg, highly colored
tho use of a remedy that acts directly on.
the Liver. AsaLdvcrinedicincTOTT'S
I'lLXS lmvo no e.iual. Their action on
tho Kidneys and Skin is also prompt;
removing all impurities through these
thrco " scavengers of tho tem,"
producing appetite, sound digestion,
regular stools, a cloar skin and a vig
orous body. TCTT'SPIIiLS cause no
nausea or griping nor intcrlere with
daily work and aro a perfect
ANTIDOTE. TO MALARIA.
bold everywuereCs. Oi2re .UurmvSt.N V.
GratHaik or Wmsrcims chanced in-
stantly to a Glossv Black by a single
application of this Dm. Sold by Drug-
Us ts,orsentby express on receiptors!.
OOico, 44 aiurrav Street, New York.
rnraxiinjAL of usiruii sx&nzs ran.
ASTORIA CANDY FACTORY
Patronize Home Manufacture.
All iny I'ANDIKS :ire of the
FJ Nil -T QUALITY.
A full jssortmeut
NUTS, FOREIGN FRUITS, ETC.
JII P. CLA8SKV.
UNTIL FURTHER NOTFCR THE A3T0
ri:i Wood Yard. Jr.i' Dock, foot of
Beni on street. Will sell wood at the follow
ing :ncs and deliver wherever ihe streets
are pUnked, between TruHlnger'a Mill and
O'Brien's Hotel, b.ic to Astorstreet :
(Ireeu Aldei 2-cut $1 50 per cord. Iouz $3 75
Drv dn do
1 Dry d'i do
(Jreen Beach tin
. Green Fir do
I Dry Fir do
:i-ul ii. Minns GO
0 00 do
do 5 25
do 5 00
anaS. limbs do
5 75 do
Wood of All Kinds
By the Scow load at REDUCED RATES.
J. II. D. GKA1'
Astoria, February 1st, 18S.
Ottlug to severe weathr and Increased
exueiiNf. an additional charce of 21 c--nts a
cord on sawed wood will he made till further
Fresli and Cured Meats.
SAUSAGE A SPECIALTY.
Next Door to Johu Rogers Central Market.
J. W. RUDDOCK,
Practical Plumbing in All Its
Steam aud Gas Fixtures,
A Complete Stock of First-class Material.
All Work Guaranteed.
OfflM and Shopv on Cass Street, rear of
C&m' bank, Astoria, Oregon.
Ed. D. Curtis & Co.
STYLE AND FINISH.
A COMPLETE STOCK.
Hardware and Slip Ctaflery
A. VAN DUSEN & CO..
Hardware and Ship Chandlery,
Pure Oil, Bright Varnish,
Binacle Oil, Cotton Canvas,
Hemp Sail Twine,
Cotton Sail Twine,
.Lard Oil, a
Wrought Iron Spikes,
Galvanized Cut Nails,
Paint and Oils. Groceries, etc.
H. B, PARKER,
Bay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement ahrJ.Sand
Wood Delivered te Order.
Drayir.g, Teaming and Exprezs Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
j DKALEP. IX
I WINES, LIQUORS AND CICARS.
i Wilson & Fisher,
j SHIP CHANDLERS.
Iron. Steel, Coal, Anchors, Chains,
! TAR, PITCH, OAKUM,
NAILS AND SPIKES,
Shelf Hardware, Faints and 011b
FLOUR AXI .1IIIX FKFI.
Agents for Salem Flouring Mills,
and Capital Flour.
All 5lze. at Portland Priced, In Stock.
Comer Chenamus and Hamilton Streets
C. H. BAIN & CO.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms
Turning, Bracket Work.
A spec alty, aud all uorfc guaranteed.
Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumber ; Ore
iron and Fort Orford Cedar.
All kiuds of bo.it material on hapd.
C. II. BAIX A CO.
B. F. STEVENS & CO..
CIT.Y BOOK STOBE,
Have Just received av mammoth stock of
Books. The joung and old, rich and poor
can all "be accommodated.
AGEKTd FOR THE
Kxanich &. Bach and M aodgfeldt A
Xotnl Planet and Weter
Cottage Organ h.
Orders for all kinds of Music or Instru
ments .vrlll be promptly filled.
1 - 'B.F. STEVENS & CO.
JOS. P. LEATHERS
FannerijoTorArndti Frchsa' Machine 3hn
IS BUILDING FIRST-CLASS BOATS IN
the Miop formerly occupied by M. John
son on C-ncomlv street, one block west of
Hansen Bros' Mill. Model, Material and
R. M. LEATHERS
Has reopened WaTxiat shop, over Arndt &
Ferchen's. foot of LaFayette street, and Is
prepared to tarn out
AJLb KK QVAMAMTEKD.
STONE & DAVIDSON
Red Crown Flour.
Guaranteed a Superior AiUcta.
Country Produce, Etc.
E?Conslgumeuts Solicited, and Ad van cos
v , made on same.
3.ARNDT & FE&CHRN.
The Pioneer Machine wSJiop
All kinds of
Promptly attended to,
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTK &TKEET.
ARNDT & FERGHEN,
Agents for Oregon, Washington Territory,
aud Alaska for
E. W. BLISS'
Special Cannery Maclinery !
Engines. Soldering Machines,
improved Acid Bath and Crimping
Power Presses, Foot Presses,
And all other machinery used in canneries,
including the new
Working wlthuut small springs, constantly
We respectfully Invite all cannerymen to
call and examine the abuve machinery as It
Js greatly superior to any heretofore intro
duced ou this coast. Orders solicited.
AKXDT A. FKUCIIE.Y.
Foot of Lafayette Street,
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Benton Stkkkt, Nkak Fakkkk Housk,
ASTOKIA. - ORF.GON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
LAUD anil MARMEEIB1S
BoilerWork, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. OASTIXQ8 ,
Of all Descriptions made te Order
at Mkert Notice.
A. D. Wabs, President.
J. O. HusTLsn, Secretary,
I. W. Cask, Treasurer.
HAVE NO EQUAL.
The London Fisheries Exhibition
HAVE AWARDED THE
Tie Bartour Brothers Company
FLAX NET THREADS.
Union India Rubber Co's
Pure F&ra Gum
BKWAKK OF IMITATIOys I
Be sure the Boots are stamped CRACK
PROOF on tho heels, and have the PURE
QU31 SPRINGS on the foot and instep,
which prevent their cracking or breaking.
We are now making them with RUBBER
AND ASBESTOS Soles which will make
tiiem last more than twice as long as any
Rubber boots made. .,
FOR SALE BY ALL DEALERS.
ALL KINDS RUBBER BELTING, PACK
ING, HOSE. SPRINGS. CLOTHDiG,
BOOTS AND SHOE.-VEtc
8.M.BUK?dX. 1 Sfta-EwMisco.
HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS.
U. B. PABKEB. Prop.,
ASTORTA, ... OREGON.
Al. CROSBY, - - .DayCIerk
PhlL'BOWERS, - -. Night Clerk.
Jas. DtTFFr has the Bar and Billiard room.
First Class in ail Respects.
FREK COACH TO THE HOUSE.
IT IS A FACT!!
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
On Concomly Street
That he has always on hand
FRESH SHOALWATER BAY AND
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
He ha bren Proprietor of the "Aurora
Hotel" 1b KnapptuH nevenjcar.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
A Good Cup of Coffee
AND OYSTERS .AT
Mrs. Powell's Coffee House,
On Muln Street next to Oregon Bakery.
XEff AA'D WELL EQUIPPED
L. Serra has rebuilt his establishment and
I3 prepared to accommodate the traveling
A good meal furnished at any hour of the
day or night,
'i lie fl-iest Liquors and Cigars at the bar.
Two doors-west of Ike Foster's.
n23-6m LU1GI SERRA.
Spies lew Lie !
OF THE CHOP HOUSE
Can prove by I1I3 hooks that he Is doinfc the
biggest business of any
In the city, and he will guarantee to give
the best meal for cash.
The Gem Saloon.
The Popular Resort for Astorians.
Finest of Wines and Liquors
Go to the GEM SALOON.
CHAS. A. MAY
New Store, New Stock
Toys, Fancy Goods,
Tobacco and Cigars.
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
A FINE ASSORTMENT.
Squemoqua street, next door to the Empire
GERMANIA BEER HALL
BOTTLED BEER DEPOT,
Chenamus Street, Astoria.
The Best of Lager 5 Cts. a Glass.
Orders for the Celebrated
Columbia Brewery Beer
Left at this place will be promptly
yNo cheap San Francisco Beer sold at
Wai. BOCK, Proprietor.
THE LATEST STYLES
B. B. FRANKLIN'S,
NEXT DOOR TO ASTOBIAN OFFICE.
Ayery large Stock from which to select.
Window curtains made to order.
jyMy patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paper
will be found convenient to my patrons.
Astoria Shooting Gallery
Next Door to A. G. Spexarth's
Chenamus stieet, near Main.
Try Your fiHx.ll
As a Marnsman, and win a
First-class Guns : Charges Moderate.
Open till 10:30 P.M.
A. W. OAT&f, - Proprietor.
OEO; A. D0BR13, '& 99LMM9,
If OEASD Mill,
ATTORNEYS AT &.
Office in Kinney's Block, oppottte Ctt?
Hall, Astoria, Oregon. 7
Q B. THOMSON,
'Attorney and ConnMtariif Urn.
Room No. 6, over White Hoom,
a w. FULTOX. h. orfvuMr.
ATTORNEYS AT JLW .
Rooms 5 and 6. Odd FeUo ws Bftjfonf
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Chenamus treet, - - ASTOSIAvO
JOSEPH A. GILIi,
aarOfflce with J. Q- A. Bonyiby,
ASTORIA, - - - -
O J. CUJiTIS,
ATT'Y AT LAW.
Notary Public, Commlsstetterofl
Camorula, isew Yortc and Wa
Rooms 3 and 4, Odd Fellows Bottdlag, A
N B -Claims at Waahlnftoa. O. 0,.Mft
A V. ALLCM ,
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIM. '
I.J1 C. JIOJLDKN, ,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND 1JM
ARCHITECT AND DRAUGHTS!.
Scholars received for Course ol Drwiihltog
"Office over White Hoase Stare.
Clatsop CoaHty,an4 City Atri
Ottlce :-Chenamus street, Y. M. O, A. hall
ltootn No. 8. '
1R. X. C. SOATMAX,
Physician aad Surfpa,
Rooms 9 and 10, Odd. JeUowj
TASf TUTTliE, M. .
PHYSICIAN AUD SUB6X0H
Office Rooms 1, 2, and 3. PythUn BU4-
RESIDF.NOK On Cedar Street, Baek-:t
St. Maiy's Hospital. Ll
F. P. HICES. A. X. SHAW .
HICKS & SHAW,
Rooms In Allen's Building, up stain, ear
ner Ca-s and Squemoqua streets. Aatria.
J. R1SBER0. --.,.
On Genevieve street, opposite Imrtfc
GEO. P. WHEEI.EB.
WHEELER & ROBB.
Seal Estate 1 taraice Aiatt.
TVs liiive vpi-v desirable oroBertr la A
toria and Upper Astoria for safe. AIM. 1m
Linus tnn)Ugnoui we oouniy.
Accounts carefully adjusted sad tomec
We represent the
ITnirnl "VnTiX'loh TTniRB Ud
Mb ire lasnraaee C'
With a combined capital of 9i
Travelers Xlfe and AccHeatlfT-
anre Co , of Hartford, and taa Mimm
battan liife lHMaraae C
of New York.
We are aeents for the Daily and Wukln
Xortliweil Aiw, and tae Oregon Tiimc
All business entrusted to our care wM -cehe
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AC.
Bills of Exchange on tiy
Part oi Europe.
1AM AGENT FOR THE FOLLOWIi!
well known and commodloas atwlilp
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LOT. -'
Prepaid tickets to or from any Tnwiyao
For full Information, as to rate of lu.
sailing days, etc, apply to T w n . -
Oregon Paint and Varnish Vftrki,
Paints, Vanish an4 Lazier.
Any shade mixed and grouad ft erder.
C. F. PEAJWOPI G..
P.O. Box 148. Fsrtlaatf. T.
HALF. GALLON TINS.
At WILSON FISBnt,
rA liberal Slscmkt Wt&Tit.'mm