fl) Vol. xx. Astoria, Oregon. Wednesday Morning, November 7, 1883. No. 32. CHINA'S MILITARY FORCES. Hex Preparations 'or Attack and Defense Both by Land and Sea. China has two separate armies. The Imperial Army proper is known under the name of jhe Army of the Eight Banners. It is divided into eight corps, each being- distinguished by a peculiar banner. This army almost forms a military caste, lor it is composed exclusively of the descendants of the Mantchus, Mongolians and Chinese rebels, who in oUOl in vaded China and dethroned the old Imperial family. During peace the men of this caste arc allowed to conduct any common business, being forbiddoai only iolcavfc their city without a permit from the commanding officer. The officers excel their men only in gymnas tics. According to the Chinese notions, no man is fit to be an offi cer unless he is an athlete. This army numbers 210,000 men; of these over one-half arc stationed in Peking, and the rest in a few large provincial cities. This mili tary caste can by no means be re garded as a regular army. The second or provincial army is called the Army of the Great Banner. Each of the eighteen provinces of the empire is obliged by law to keep -a certain number of soldiers, and their aggregate, according tothe official statistics, is G50,000 men. There are eighty generals and over 7,000 officers. The provincial arnvy is composed chiefly of mercenaries, while the majority of the officers are of the military estate. These two arm ies, amounting to 760,000 men, are all the force the Celestial Empire has to rely on in cases of war. The Imperial Guard, about 1S, 000 strong, is the flower of the army. Or the Guard Infantry, 5,200 men, are provided with muzzle-loaders, presented by the Czar of Russia; the rest are armed with flint guns, lances and shields. Half of the cavalry, about 2,000 men, are armed with Chassepot rifles. The artillery has thirt' two bronze guus bought in Russia, and a few mortars. There are 1,750 educated artillerymen. The army of the Governor of Ohjily. about S0,000 strong, is also reorganized. The men are in structed by English and French officers. The army has breech loading rifles and Krupp steel can nons. According to German writers, up to 1S79 Krupp had sent to China 150 heavy guns, and 275 field guns. The army of the Governor of Khan Zu and Shan Zee, 40,000 strong, is said to be supplied with all the mod ern arms, and to be drilled according to the principles of Moltke and Manteuffel. This arrav foujrht successfullv against Yakoob Beg, and, indeed, proved itself the best disciplined army in China. It is obvious, then, that in China there are only about 120,000 men armed and drilled, while the rest of the soldiers can be regarded only as undisciplined and unarmed reserves. As to gunpowder and arms, the Chinamen apparently have an abundant supply of their own. There are eight excellent arsenals; directed chiefly by Eng lishmen. The arsenal of Jian-Zin, for instance, turns out daily 3000 pounds of powder. At the arsen als of Nankin and Shanghai the American guns of Remington and Spencer are manufactured. At the Futcheu-fu arsenal sub-marine mines arc prepared. At the Lau tcheu-su arsenal cartridges and arms are manufactured. China has three separate fleets. The Canton fleet comprises twelve gunboats, of which nine were made in England, and are in charge of English officers. The Fn-kiang fleet is composed of six gunboats and a few tradesport vessels; these were made at Fu-tcheu under the supervision of Frenchmen. This fleet is in excellent order, and is in charge of Chinamen. The Shanghai fleet is composed of nine gunboats, two frigates and several transport vessels. All of thes were made by the Chinamen themselves, and are rather insig nificant. Recently China has got from England night iron clads, armed with guns of the largest calibre. The strongest and most effect ive part iA the Chinese fleet is made up of thirteen small gun boats, named after the letters of the Greek alphabet, of 1,350 tons displacement. They are built of steel, and arc propelled by twin screws driven by compound en gines of, together, 2,600 indicated horse -power. They each carry two 2G-ton ami 10-inch hrccch loading guns, mounted upon cen ter pivots, one forward and one aft. Each of these heavy guns commands a nearly ull-around fire. The charge of tlie gun is 180 pounds of powder, the weight of the projectile 400 j)Ounds, and the penetrative power equal to pierc ing eighteen inches of solid, un backed iron-plate. The' carry besides in each four 40-pounder breech-loading guns, two 9-pound-er breech-loading guns, two Nor denfelds and four Catlings, and furthermore, two steam cutters fit ted with spur torpedoes. The vessels are also armed with a for midable steel knife-edge spur or ram. "Without claiming too much for these vessels, says the Lon don Times, it .should be remarked of them that the penetrative power and range of their guns, measured by the accepted official standard, exceed those of any gun yet afloat, except, those of the English Inflex ible and the Italian Tiuilio. No unarmed ship that carries guns can be compared for a moment with them,. and no unarmed ship equals them in speed. St. Jit-ir-tburfi UazeM: The Pablic Lauds. The commissioner of the goner- x land office, Hon. N. C. McFar- land, in his annual report states that the disposal of the public land during the year embraced 19,983,789 acres, and the Indian lands 399,235 acies, an increase over 1 SS2 of about 5,000,000 acres, The receipts from all sources in connection with the disposal of public lands were $11,0SS,479, and from the sale of Indian lands, -$622,404; tolU $11,713,833. The public lands were disposed of as follows: Public sales, 273,069 acres: private entries, 2,179,955 acres; pre-emption entries, 2,285,- 710 acres; mineral entries, 31,520 acres; homestead entries, S,171,- 914 acres: timber culture entries, 3,110,930 acres; entries with mili tary bount'. land warrants, 45,414 acres; entries with land claim scrip, 10,508 acres. Total num ber of entries ami filings posted during the 3Tear, 251,GS5, aggre gating 30,000,000 acres. The in crease in the number of claims recorded in 1SS3 was 55,54S over the year 1S82. The commissioner states that he is satisfied that pre emption filings are made or pro cured to be made to a groat ex tent for speculative purjoses. He renews his recommendation that the pre-emption law be re pealed. The report recommends an amendment to the homestead laws requiring a period of not less than six mouths elapse after the settlement of a claim has been placed on record be fore final proof shall be ad mitted, irrespective of the alleged time of residence prior to the entry. The commissioner states that the commutation feature of the home stead law is open to the same abuses as the pre-emption law. Ke urges that the homestead law be amended so as to require proof of actual residence and improvement for a period of not less than two years before a homestead entr' may be commoted by cash pay ments. The report further recom mends the total repeal of the tim ber culture law on account of its inherent defects. The same ob jection the commissioner finds in the operation of the desert land act, and he finds entries have been largely made for speculative pur poses with no other intention of reclamation. The practical oper ation of the law has" been to enable land to be purchased in large quantities, thus resulting in more encouragement to monopoly than encouragement to reclamation. The report also says the timber and stone land act is flagrantly violated. "Information is in my possession," the commissioner says, "that much of the most valuable timber land remaining in the pos session of the government on the Pacific coast is being taken up by home and foreign capitalists through the medium of entries made by persons hired for that purpose 1 have found it neces sary to suspend all entries of this class and direct an investigation." The commissioner is of the opinion that the timber lands should be re served by law from ordinary dis posal and sold only after appraise ment and upon settled bids. He recommends that congress make legislation in relation to pri vate land claims in New Mexico, Colorado and Arizona, and recom mends that a commissioner for each of these territories be ap pointed to examine and settle these claims. The construction of 1,210 miles of laud grant railroads were re ported during the year, making a total of 17,449 miles of road re ported as constructed under all grants to June 30, 1883. The question of declaring the forfeit ure of these grants where rail roads have not been constructed in the official period of time is deemed an appropriate one for legislation. The commissioner recommends the passage of an act making false and fraudulent returns of public surveys punishable by line and imprisonment. Much progress has been made in the work of protect ing the public lands and public timber. The practice of fencing public lands is condemned, and the recommendation renewed that an act be passed imposing penal ties for this offence, and for pre venting illegal settlement and en try by force and intimidation. The commissioner asks that his salary be fixed at 85,000, and for a moderate increase of the salaries of the principal officials and clerks in his department. The character and responsibility of the office, to gether with the fact that its busi ness iias increased eighty-two per cent since 3 SSI, appeals to the commissioner to justify this re quest. S. F. Jiullctin mi 0 CI iv-f 111 1 Absolutely Fre, This powder ne'or varies. A inarst-1 o purity, strength :uid .wlulesomeness. Mora economical than the ordinary kinds, and cannot, bo sold in comnrtitio:i with the mul titude of low test short weight, alum or phosphate powders. Suldonluln cans. IIov au Baking Powder Co.. ion Wall-st. N. Y. the Blood Is not a "cure all." It is a blood-mirificr and tonic. Impart tyoftlie Mood iolsoiis the svs tcm, deranges the circulation, and thus in duces many disorders, known by different names to distinguish them according to ef fects, but being really branches or phases of that great generic disorder. Impurity ox ttlood. Such are Dyspepsia, liilUoumuts, Liver OtmplainU Constipation, Ncrvoux Dis order. Hcadaclie, Backache, General ireafc nes. Heart Disease, Dropsy. Kidney DUecwe, Piles, Rheumatism, Catatrh, Scrofula, Srfn Disorders, Pimples. Ulcers. SweUlnas. tc. &c. Kins of the Blood, prevents and cures these by attacking the cause. Impurity of the blood. Chemists and physicians acre In calling it "the most genuiue and efficient gists, SI per bottle. See testimonials, direc tions, &c, In pamphlet, "Treatise on Disease; preparation ior uie purpose." sold byurug oi thn Wood," wrapped around cadi bottle. Sing of ma each bottl )N&Co.,rror Ralfalo, N. Y. u. KATtaUM, SUN Co., Irons BANKING ANDIHSUBAHCL x. "sr. case. BROKER, BAHKEB A.VD- INSURANCE AGENT ASTOKIA, - - - OREGON OPFICeIiOUIUS: FKOM.9 O'CLOCK A. M. UNTIL 8 O'CLOCK P.M. Hub IiMoal taraiiee Co., or California, .1. V. ii ouch ion Pre-let Cuas. U. droKr........... .Sectary (J ho. I.. Stoky ...AjjmU IwrOuii C-qrital paid H in U. S. goWi coin x3 OW W I. W. CASK, Agent,' Otv.-ttcwus street. Astoria. Oregon. 867,000,000 CAPITAL. LIVERPOOL AND LOON AND GLOBE, NOKTH BRITISH AND MERCAN TILE OF LONDON AND EDINBURGH. OLD CONNECTICUT OF HART FORD, AND COjLSIERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES Uoprcfentin a capital of S7,000,O30. A. VAN DUSEN. Agent, NORTHERN PACIFIC EXPRESS Are Now Ready For Business. irOftlce with Ilftzorth & .Toluis. E. A. NOYES, Agt. & AltNDT & FERCHEN, ASTOKIA. - OKEGOJC. The Pioneer Machine Shop 8oiier Shop yf All Kinds o m&nmi caI webly, A.VD STEAMBOAT WOES Promptly attended to. A specially made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAI' AY KITE STIIKET. ASTORIA iRON WORKS. Urnto:.' Stkkrt, Nrai: Pakkrh Housb, astokia. - ojzkgon. GEHERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. L BoiierWork, Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. Ofalt DcMrrijttioziff ataric to Order at Short Xctlre. A. I). VV.SI, President. J. (1. IIcsTLHK.Sccretary. I. W. Cask. Treasurer. JOHN Fox.Suporintendent. 0. H, B nrALKKs t Doors. Windows, Biinds. Transoms Fuming. Bracket Work. 1i A siteeially, and all work guaranteed. Oak. Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumber : Ou gon and Tort Orford Cedar. All kinds of boat material on hand. C 31. JJA1X & CO. Astoria Oil Works. J. II. DEFORCE. Proprietor, P.O.Box SVt, Astoria, Oreginu .ISauufncturcr and l)r.i;r iu FISH OIL and SKID GREASE. Loggers will find my Skid Oreae to be good anu cneap. TAIXaOB.I355TG-, Cleaning Repairing. NEAT, CHEAP AND QUICK. BY GEORGE I.OVETTt Main Street, opposite X. Loch's. A, MacBetli, MERCHANT TAILOR, No. A. First St, Portland. Oregon. Clothing made at reasonable prices, and satisfaction guaranteed. BUSINESS CARDS. Q IX. THtmsorv, Attorney and Counselor at Law. Boom No. fi, over "White House, ASTOKIA, OREGON. j Attorney at Law, and Xotary PuMIc. Odd Fellow Building, Astoria, Oregon, e. vr. vvvros. c. c. fuvtok. Fuavrox bkotiiers. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Booms 3 and O.Odd Fellows Building. i.A. ISO'IYX.SSY. ATTORNEY AT LAW. Chewaimw treet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON Q ES.jIrAC2I2tAX. Attorney nlX.air. Boom t. White House. ATT'Y AT LAW. Notary Public. Commissioner of Deeds for California, New York and "Washington Ter ritory. liooms 3 ami l. Odd Follows Building, As toria. Oregon. N.B.-Claims at Washington. D. 0., and collections nspecialty. Astoria Asent Hamburg-Magdeburg and German-American TIKE INSURANCE COMPANIES. NOTARY TUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION ND IN SUKANCE AGENT. SURVEYOR OF ristop County, anil City of Astoria Otttee :-Cheuamus street, Y. M. C. A. hall i;oomo.b. JQIC. X. UO ATM AX. Physician and Surgeon. Kooms o and 10, Odd Fellows Building, ASTORLV, OREGON. JAY Tti'TTLE, 31. 1. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Office Ttooms l. 2. and 3. Pythian Build- leg. lt!sUKN(iH-Ov-er J. E. Thomas Dtuz Store. 1. 11 2 C CIS, PENTIST, ASTORIA. OREGON Rooms in Allen's bulldinc un stairs, comer of Chss and Sfjemothe strct . jqi:. .j. i:. i,nFOitc2:, W13.VTIST, Room tl.Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or. Gas administered for nainlcss extraction of teeth. MUSIC. PROF. T. T. IIEEK. Graduate of Heidelberg University. "Piano Tcaclicr. GEHERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY. Bills of Exchange on any Part oi Europe. 7 AM AGXNT FOR TIE FOLLOWING JL wet: known and commodious steamship MWS. STATE LINE, RED STAR, WHITE STAR. HAMBURG-AMERICAN, DOMINION LINE, NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE. Preimid tickets to or from any European port. l-or ihii miormaiion as to rates oi iare, sailing days, etc, apply to 1. W.UAQE- CHO. V. WIIEKLKi:. W. T IWDB. Notary I'uWle. WHEELER & EOBB. GENERAL Eeal Estate I IwaiceApts. We have very deslrahle property in As toria and Upper Astoria for sale. Also, tine farms throughout the county. Accounts carefully adjusted and collec tions made. We represent the Knyal, Xorwicli Union anil Jjanca Mhirc Insurance CoV?., Wltii a combined capital Of S.1C,000,OCO. THE Travelers lafe anil Accident lnanr- anre Co, oi iianioru, anuinejiHii liattau litfu Insurance Co., of New York. iv. r'ti for lln Tifilhi anil IVetkl'i 7arlhrcl A'eic, and the Oregon Vidette. AH business entrusted to our care will re ceive prompt attention. ATTENTION SOLDIERS ! 102.000,000 Appropriated iu 1S83 for Pensions. AN ACT to relieve soldiers from the charge nf iti.rtloii and crant all such soldiers their full dues, and to grant soldiers marked as DKSERTKKS nonorauie uiscnarge papers, ax act to extend the arrears of the nen- sion act and continue It in force so far as widows and children are concerned. AN ACT allowing pay for horses and equipments lost in service, etc. Nearly every person is entitled to an increase. rensIonH, Bounties, nnd Claims and PntentH attcnueuto. For particulars call or address C. J. CUKTIS. Attorney and Counselor at Law, Solicitor of Claims anu x-aieius. Rooms 3 and 4 Odd Fellows building. As torla, Oregon. FURNISHED ROOMS TO LET. AT MRS. GEO. ITILLER'S, NEXT DOOR to Weston Hotel. d but Never Follow ! ARL ADLER Is herewith declared. From and after tho 1st o November all News papers and Periodicals will bo sold at the 'following prices: 5 Cents Each. Fireside Companion, N. Y. Weekly Ledger, Saturday Night, Arm Chair, Family Story Paper, Boys of New York, Weeks Doings, Texas Siftings, S. F. Chronicle, Call, Oregonian, News and Astoeian, etc., etc. 8 Cts., 3 for 25 Cts., 13 for $1.00. Police Gazette, Police News, Illustrated Times, Puck, Wasp, and Judge, Harper's Bazaar and Weekly, Leslie's Weekly and Chimney Corner, Argonaut, and many others. I have printed tickets for those papers to make exact change. Back numbers always on hand. O COTl "fC Leslie's Popular Monthly, AO UUlltd. young Ladies Journal, etc. 30 C8HtS. Harper's Monthly, etc. Having made arrangements with all publishers I am enabled to give the public a benefit of the above named reductions 1 have alsa REDUCED the price for Subscriptions, which will be as follows: Harper's Weekly, per year Bazaar, " " Monthly All three for Leslie's Weekly, per year Leslie's Chimney Corner, per year " Popular Monthly " Fireside Companion .- New York Ledger Saturday Night '. Family Story Paper Arm "Chair." - S. F. Argonant Puck And all others too numerous to mention at the same rates. Now is your time to subscribe for the coming year. Remember Carl AcHar's subscription .News Depot. ABLER STILL HOLDS THE FORT ! Xsools at This I AH the following line cloth bound Hooks gilt edge. Red Line edition, formerly $1.59 at 75 cents. POK3IS Itnlwer Lvtton. Camnhell. SDcncer. Hemans. Tennvson. Hood. Moore, Jean Ingelow, Crahl). Fope, Shakespeare, fiotdsmlth, Chaucer. Coleridge, Lcil, Dryccn. Macaulay, Scott, Sohlller. Milton. Keats. Kirk, White, Goss. Thompson, Herbert, Ayton. Woodworth. Longfellow, Holmes. Eavard Taylor, Shelby, Kodgers, Barns, Coper, and many, many more. Fine line of Novels and Gift Books, rlchlv bound, formerlv S1J50 now onlv 75 oents. Tom Brown's School Days, Tour of the AVorld, The Fur Country, Five "Weeks in a Ballooa, Anderson's Fairy Tales, Arabian Nights. Young Crusoe, Tales from Shakespeare. Don Quixote, Gem, Household Stories, Dick Rodney. Aesops Fables, Last Days of Pompeii, -Robinson Crusoe. Rob Roy. The Midshipman. Daring Deeds. French Fancy Tales, Tha i nvaieersman, xoung ioresier, reier me LOW Even article of my new. fine selected AI.Li I'Oail'STlTIOX. Rooks. Stationery, and Notions in endless Castors, Cups, Tea Sets, etc., etel, willle sold tl'...l,o.CT Plul-j nn.l Tnifnln. Vlulmr TCmc PIANOS AND ORGAXS of the best makers very Iaw for Cash, or on Eay Installments. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS of every description. Sheet Music and Music Instractara of the latest publications, too new Music Books just received from the East. fiSIYVQ f The finest assortment of Toys, "Wagons. Velocipedes, Baby Carriages, JLV JLKj i etc., etc., can only be found at Adlers well Known Crystal Palace. Enabled by many years of exDeriencc I succeeded in selecting a stock, of goods whlcii will suit young and old. T mean to do a square, honest business, giving full value for every dime received. Polite clerks will be found In attendance and no trouble to show goods. JTCEMJEJIBER I WIIiIi XOT UK U.VDEBSOLiD. The Crystal Palace. Garl Adler, BOZOETH & JOHNS. Real Estate and General Insurance Agents. ASTORIA, Oregon. WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE "WEST ern. State Investment, namburg, Bre men and North German Fire Insurance Com panies, and represent the Travellers' Life and Accident of Hartford, and the New York Life, of N. Y. We have the only complete set of township maps In the county, and nave made arrange ments to receive applications, filings, and final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions, Timber Lands, etc., having all the official blanks therefor. Our maps can be exam ined In the office, upon the payment of a reasonable fee. "We also have for sale city property in As toria and additions, and farms and tide land property. Rents, and other collections made, and loans negotiated. BOZORTH & JOHNS. For Sale. FIVE HUNDRED CORDS DRY HEM lock Wood, which I will deliver at the houses of customers for $4 a cord. Drayingor all kinds done at reasonable rates. JL R. MARION. alace! LUTION!! $3.75 not $409 4.09 3.75 8.50 10.00 3.75 3.75 2.85 2.75 2.75 2.75 2.75 2.75 3.75 4.50 4.0 12.09 4.0i 4.09 3.09 3.09 3.09 S.0 3.09 3.09 4.09 5.09 wiiaier, anu nunareas more. MOSS. stock will be sold at prices that will BEFIT variety. A flue display of Gold and Silver cheaper than 'anywhere else. CI1 vura-ili-o act TTnlvoo Xfnrl-a ntirl Qnania Proprietor. STONE & DAYIDSOH COMMISSION MERCHANTS. Dealers In LTIMBEE, HAY, GBAD3T, POTATOES, AND COUiNTRY PRODUCE. Advances made on Consignments.