f'J Astoria, Oregon, Friday Morning, November 2, 1883. fUd 28. US. NEW YORK BACKWOODS-! MEN. The inhabitants of West Paw ling, New York, are a funny folk. They live on a mountain, and have no knowledge of politics. The highest bidder gets them always, and the common price at town meeting is S5. The number of voters in the mountain is estimated at 200. No accurate statement can be obtained, because the moun tain voter is, in a monsure, omni present. He is able to cover at least two voting places, and on a favorable day he has been known to cover four and five. He knows nothing of geographical limits, and he is so little known personally to the ticket-takers that the candi date with a pocketful of five dollar bills lias no difficult' in passing him in as a constituent. There is , neither church nor school house on the mountain. The mountaineers know when Sun da comes by the ringing of the church bells in the villages. They tell the hour of the day by looking at the sun. "One hour bf sun" is one hour before sunset. Whether the sun sets at 4:30 or C:30 does not trouble them. There arc preachers and churches of various kinds in the villages around. Thej believe that, more souls can be saved to the dollar expended in India than in the mountain. Although living in poverty and apparent wretchedness, the moun taineers have by no means an un happy lot. They are extremely social in their' instincts. Whole families ro visiting together to their neighbors on Sunday, and when, during the week, a woman and the babies visit a neighbor. her husband is alwa's expected to follow at nightfall. But the great pleasure of the mountaineer is dancing. The mountain "shindy," incorrectly called "shindig," is fa mous all over Dutchess county. Only the more aristocratic of the dwellings will accommodate a "shindy." When one is tobegiven a fiddler is sent for and a jug of whiskey is brought from the vil lage. At night the center of the chief room of the house, which ordinarily serves as kitchen, par lor and sitting room, is cleared of its table and benches. The young men and women take seats on the benches around the sides of the room. The old grandmother sits knitting in the rocking chair on one side of the fire-place, "with the children beside her. An iron teakettle lianas steaming over the glowing back log. A lamp on the mantel helps to light the room me nuaier climbs to a cuair on the table, which is always located opposite tne lireplace. liis is no light task, and he does not sit any nearer the fire than he is obliged to. Placing his fiddle vertically between his knees, he saws the bow over the strings with his right hand, while with his left he screws the keys until the pitch of each string is correct. Meanwhile the man of the house pours a gener ous quantity of the whisky into a large bowl, squeezes in a lemon, ladles in some brown sugar, and dilutes it all with boiling water from the teakettle. When the fiddle is tuned the punch is passed around. Then the fiddle is placed beneath the fiddler's chin, a pre limmarv chord is drawn from the fiddle, and then he says: "Pardners for a quadrille.". The.expectant 'oung men and women take their places with a iump. There is a shaiang of skirts and touching of back hair by the young women, the young men hitch up their trousers, and then the fiddler, -with a sweep of the bow, a shriek from the fiddle and a thump of the toe of his heavy boot, sa's: "Honors to yer pardners." The energy of the command is equalled only by the vigor of movement with which it js obeyed ine noor viorates as tne succes sive calls of "First four foward,' "Bight hands across," "Forward and back," and "Swing," are heard; but when the fiddler says ".Balance air tne umbers sway and groan to the utmost corner of the house. No convulsion in nat ure can equal the crash of the mountain "jig" that is then exe cuted. JAMES G. BLAINE. I observe that since the election m Uluo J3iame nas picKea up prominence in all parts of the country as perhaps the only Re publican fit to run. He has at least points of policy. He has views and spirit. Though he has labored under a load of enmitv lor years, his friends are every where. He was Garfield's chief minister .and funeral orator. The assassination which cost Garfield his life cost Blaine public office. He laid down the Senate to enter Garfieldls cabinet. What his re lations to the present administra tion arc matter.-, but little. He now bos comparatively a free field in which to make the nomination for 1SS4. In the state of New York he has no opponents except perhaps the machine friends of Arthur, who might get a delega tion against him, but arc not like ly to see merits in him if they think the' can elect him; and they are beginning to see that they can not elect Arthur. If the present administration with its want of popularity and character, should undertake to fight Blaine it will only complete the assassination of the Republican partv, which was begun in 1SS1. I am not express ing any view about Blaine's mer its if elected: but the defeat in Ohio seems to have turned him right up as the only man that can rally the forces. t is, perhaps, too late for Biaine to put new strength into the old party; but he has great capacity to get up a new panic, and to sound the crios that will go oa the banners. His temperament is the last thing of youth and spirit about the Republican party. Conkling is morbid; Grant has his mind on Mexico; Sherman has retired; John Sherman accepts his fate. Blaine has brains. It has taken the dying energies of the Republican party to defeat him for president. The party broke its back to defeat Blaine. When they turned out the lights at the Cincinnati convention of 1S7G to et one night's advantage and beat Blaine, next da' they began to run down hill. The bosses who might have made a truce with Blaine had to serve Blaine's clerks, Hayes and Garfield; and still Blaine is alive, and has been vitalified by the Ohio election. He will get the nomination if he wants it, by the decay of the party that tried to do without him, and finally had no more staridard bearers. Instead of Conkling being the Coriolanus of the party, Blaine is going to be. The old maids, the priests, the temperance procession, even the tribunes, are getting ready to march out of the gates to see if they can persuade Blaine to come to the defense of the old citadel. He is as adroit as anybody in the country. He can trim between the business element and fts fears and the populace and their anti monopoly views, so as at least to split the issues with the Democ racy'; and if he ever gets on the stump with Cleveland, or Hoadly, or Tliurman, or even Tilden, he will make the campaign warm. Gath. It is never good policy to buy anything because it is cheap. A thing that is not wanted is dear at a cent. Where is the bachelor, keeping rooms by himself, who would give $5 for a wagon load of calico? Or, in nine cases out of ten, show us a newspaper man who would give ten cents for a horse. Give him a pair of ducks and a sack of potatoes, and he's your friend for life. . The iron ship T. F. Oaka cost, including outfit, S112,000? or a fraction over $52 per registered ton. The cost of iron ships' is be iug cheapened, as first-class ones are built in Great Britain for $52 per ton. Oreffonian. Brace up the -whole system with King of the Blood. See Advertisement. The "Silvertown" at Nevr Orleans- About a year ago the largest merchant steamship ever seen in this" port was the Silvcrtoicn of about 5000 tons gross burthen, and with the capacity to carry G000 tons. The Silverloicn took on board at this port about 5000 tons of wheat and departed for Europe, making soundings on the way across the Atlantic. She had been previously employed in lay ing cables on the west cost of Sonth America. A good i.lustra- tion of the facilities for construct ing iron ships in England was af forded by the fact that the Silver- town was constructed in ninety days. This ship has just arrived at New Orleans, presumably bring ing a cargo. The most notable fact is that the Silvertown is the largest merchant ship ever seen in that port, and no ship of that size could have entered tbat port seven years ago, for the simple reason that there was not water enough to float such a ship across the bars of any one of the mouths of the Mississippi river. From the hour that Eads began to construct the jetties at the mouth of that river there was a constant effort to be little his enterprise. Government engineers, we are sorry to say, took a hand in the belittling business, Many of the newspapers along the Ohio river engaged in this depre ciating raid. Una or two papers at Cincinnati were especially viru lent. But Eads went right .on with his work. . He accomplished just what he undertook to do The result has been that while he has been handsomely paid, he has opened a channel at the mouth of the Mississippi river deep enough for the largest merchant steamship to enter. The commerce of New Orleans has been greatly increas ed. The largest class of vessels now enter that river vessels drawing as much as 27 feet of water. There was no novelty in the plan adopted bv Eads. It had been tried in Europe, and especi ally at the mouth ol the Danube. The Eads plan was modified to some extent. The willow faggots originally laid down were not sufficient. But the stone training walls have become such a perma nent improvement that there is now little doubt that a lasting iia provement has been made in the depth of water at the most impor tant mouth of the Mississippi. Bulletin. Iff Absolutely Pure. This uowder never varies. A marvel o purity, strength and whslcsomeness. More economical than the ordinary kinds, and cannot he sold in competition with the mul titude ol low test snort weight, alum or phosphate powders. Sohlonluin cans. Rov--vii Baking Towdek Co.. too Wall-st. X. Y. King Slood Is not a "cure all," it Is a blood-purifier and tonic impurity or tne mood poisons tne sys tern, denui ces tne circulation, and thus in duces many disorders, known by different names to distinguish them according to ef fects, but being really branches or phases of mat great generic msoruer, impnrny or Illood. Such are Dyspepsia, lilUlousncss, Liver Comnlaint. Constioallon. Kervuux Dis orders. Headache, Backache, General Weak ness. Heart Disease,Dropsyt Kidney Disease, Pllct, Rheumatism, Catarrh, Scrofula, Skin Disorders, Pimples. Ulcers. Suxlllngs, dct &c. Kins ef the Blood, prevents and cures these by attacking the cause. Imparity oi me oiooa. uneraisis ana pnysicians agree In calling it "the most genuine tne and efficient Sold by Drue cists. Si per bottle. See testimonials, diree preparation ior me purpose." lions. &c, in pamphlet, "Treatise on Diseases oi uin jjiooa' wrappea arouna eacn do cue, D. RANSOM. SON & Co.. Props ?fi POWDER Li ,S' of tlie BANKING AHDJHSUBAHCL AND INSURANCE ACEHT ASTORIA, - - - OREGON OFPICE HOURS: FROM 9 O'CLOCK A.. M. UNTIL 3 O'CLOCK P.M. Home luteal Insurance Go., OF CALIFORNIA, .T. K. Hmii;irro.- - .Prcstitai:l Secretary .Agent for oon CUAS. IL STOKV.... oko. l. bToav Capital paid tip in U. S. gold .wilt. Srtrt fWM 00 I. W. CASK, Agent, Chcnamus street. Astoria, Oreson. $67,000,000 CAPITAL. LWEKPOOL AND LOON AND GLOBE, NORTH BRITISH AND MERCAN TILE OF LONDON AND EDINBURGH. OLD CONNECTICUT OF HART FORD, AND COMMERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. Ropresentinsra capital of S07.000.000. A. VAN DUSEN. Agent. NORTHERN PACIFIC EXPRESS COMPANY Are Now Ready For Business. oB-ORlce v.1 th Bozorth & Johns. E.A.NOYES. Agt. S. AUNDT & FERCUEN, ASTORIA. - OREGON. ' The Pioneer Machine Shop All kinds of ENGINE, G&NHEBY, AXD STEAMBOAT WORK Promptly attended to. A specialty made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. BKhTOX STKEET, NEAR PARKXK DOUSE, ASTORIA. - OREGON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LAI) aiOIMM EMMS Boiler Work. Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. Oj3.J5c2?X:KrG-JS , Of nil Teneriptions made to Order at Short Notice. A. D. "Wash. President. .1. G. IIustlek, Secretary. I. W. Case, Treasurer. JOiiX Fox.Suporintendent. C. H. BAIN & deAlkks IX Doors, Windows, Blinds. Transoms Turning, Bracket Work. Sliop Worls. A specialty, and all work guaranteed. Oak, Ash, Bay. and Walnut lumber; Ore gon and Port Orfonl Cedar. All kinds of boat material on haud. C. II. BAIX & CO. A. MacBeth, ME EC HAST T TAILOR Jo.4.FirstSt, - - Portlaud, Oregon Clothing made at reasonable prices. and satisfaction guaranteed. Xj. X. ' T oiLson, Has re-opened hLs CIGAR AND TOBACCO STORE On the Roadway, near his old location, lie will keep tne stoeK oi ine cnnicest cigars, rind Tobaccos, and a full line of smokers' ar ticles, including the Dnest meerschaum pipes, lie will be pleased to see lite old menus at nis new sianu. Cleaning Repairing. 2TCAT, CHEAP AND QUICK. BY GEORGE lOVETT, Main Street, opposite N. Loeb's. BIAGKSMITn ff shop mk Boiler Shop BUSDtESS CARDS. Q It. TXI03ISOA'. Attorney and Counselor at Law. Room "o. o, over "White House, ASTOKIA. OREGON. J. SAT. nUDSOX, Attorney at X.aw,and Notary Public. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Oreson, c. v. kcltox. a. c rcwox. FLXTOK BROTHERS, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Rooms 5 and 6. Odd Fellows Building. J ifc.A. IZOWXiUY. ATTORNEY AT LAW, Chenaiuus treer, - - ASTORIA, OREGON Q J. CUItTIS, ATT'i' AT LAW. Nbt:irv Public 'Commissioner of Deeds for California, New York and Washington Ter ritory. icooms 3 ana -i, uuu teiiows uuuaing, As toria. Oregon. ' X. B Claims at Washington. D. C, and collections a specialty. Astoria Agent Hamburg-Magdeburg and German-American FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. C. 1IOL.DEX, NOTARY PUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION IN SURANCE AGENT. QEI.O F. JP.UtKEIt. SURVEYOR OF Clatsop County, and City of Astoria Offlce :-Cheuamu3 street, Y. M. C. A. hall Koomjso.s. jfH. X. C. ROAT3IAX. Physician and Surgeon. Rooms 0 and 10, Odd Fellows Building-, ASTORIA, OREGON. JAY TUTTIaE. 31. . PHYSICIAN ASD SURGEON Office Rooms 1.2. and 3. Pythian Build itif,'. Residkxck Over J. E. Thomas' Dmz Store. JYENTIST, ASTORIA. - - . - - OREGON Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, corner oiuassanuaqemocquestrec . JR. J. 2. LaFORCC, DE1XTIST, Room ll. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or. Gas administered for nalnles3 extraction oi teem. GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGEHCY. Bills of Exchange on any Part ol Europe. T AM "AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING X well known and commodious steamship lues. STATE LINE, RED STAR, WHITE STAR. HAMBURG-AMERICAN, DOMINION LINE, NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE. Prepaid tickets to or from any European port. For full information as to rates of fare, sailing days, etc, apply to I.W.CASE. OKO. I WIIEELEIl. w. i Bonn. Notary Public. WHEELER & ROBB. GENERAL Real Estate i InsnranBe Agents. We have very desirable property in As toria and Upper Astoria for safe. Also, line farms throughout the county. Accounts carefully adjusted and collec tions maue. We represent the ICoyal. Norwich Union and Xianca- Mnire insurance to n. AViih a combined capital of .836,000,000, THE Travelers Iife and. Accident lnsnr uiire Co, or Hartford, andthe3Xan hattau Ijlfft JnKnrancc Co., of New Yoffc. We are aeents for the Daily and Weekly A orlmccxi j cm, and the Oregon rtacite. All business entrusted to our care will re ceive prompt attention. ATTENTION SOLDIERS ! 101,000,000 Appropriated in 18S3 for Pensions. AN ACT to relieve soldiers from the charce of desertion and grant all such soldiers their full dues, and to grant soldiers marked as DEStirreitii uonoraDie uiscnarge papers. AN ACT to extend the arrears of the Ten sion act and continue it in force so far as widows Tind children are concerned. AN ACT allowing pay for horses and equipments lost in .service, etc Nearly every person Is entuieu to an increase. Pensions, JJountleH, IiHnil Claims and I'ntentH attenucu to. For particulars call or address C. T. .CUIITIS. Attorney and Counselor at Law, Solicitor of Claims ana raienis. Rooms 3 and 4 Odd Follows building, As tona, Oregon. THE LATEST STYLES IN WALL PAPER AT B. B. FRANKLIN'S, NEXT DOOR TO ASTORIAX OFFICE. A very large Stock from which to select. "Window curtains made to order. SMy patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paper wm oe iouna convenient to my patrons. Lead but Never Follow ! ARL ADLER'S Crystal REVO Is herewith declared. From and after the 1st of November all News papers and Periodicals will be sold at the following prices: 5 Cents Each. Fireside- Companion, N. Y. Weekly Ledger, Saturday Night, Arm Chair, Family Story Paper, Boys of New York, "Weeks Doings, Texas Siftings, S. F. Chronicle, Call,"Oregonian, News and Astoeian, etc., etc. 8 Cts., 3 for 25 Police Gazette, Police News, Judge, Harper's Bazaar and Weekly, Leslie's Weekly and Chimney Corner, Argonaut, and many others. I have printed tickets for Back numbers always on hand. O OoTl "f O Leslie's Popular Monthly, AO Young Ladies Journal, etc. 30 CeiltS. Harper's Monthly, etc. , Having made arrangements with all publishers I am enabled to give the public a benefit of the above named reductions 1 have also REDUCED the price for Subscriptions, which will be as follows: Harper's Weekly, per year 3.75 not $4 00 Bazaar, " 3.75 " 4.00 " Monthly 3.50 " 4.00 All three for 10.00 12.00 Leslie's Weekly, per year 3.75 " 4.00 Leslie's Chimney Corner, per year 3.75 " 4.00 " Popular Monthly " 2.85 " 3.00 Fireside Companion .......' 2.75 " 3.00 New York Ledger 2.75 " 3.00 Saturday Night 2.75 " 3.00 Family Story Paper . 2.75 " 3.00 Arm "Chair .' 2.75 " 3.00 S. F. Argonant 3.75 " 4.00 Puck ; 4.50 " 5.00 And all others too numerous to mention at the same rates. Now is your time to subscribe for the coming year. Remember Carl Adler's Subscription News Depot. ABLER STILL Ziools at This ! All the followniR fine clotb bound Books gilt edge, Itcd Line edition, formerly $1.50 at 75 cents. FOEMfci Bulwer Lytton, Campbell, Spencer. Hemans, Tennyson, Hood, Moore, Jean Inpelow, Crabb, Pope, Shakespeare. Goldsmith. Chaucer. Coleridge. Luclle. Drynen.Macaulay, Scott, Schiller. Jlilton. Keats, Kirk, White, (loss. Thompson, Herbert, Ayton, Woodworth. Longfellow, Holmes. Bayard Taylor, Shelby, Kodgers, Burn3, Cooper, and many, many more. Fine line of Novels and Gift Books, richlv bound, formerly St JO now onlv 75 cents Tom Brown's School Days, Tour of the World, Anuerson's rairyxaies, Araoian Aleuts, loung crusoe, Tales irom snaicespeare, uon Quixote, Genv, Household Stories, Dick Rodney. Aesops Fables, Last Days of Pompeii, Koblnson Crusoe, Bob Bov, The Midshipman, Darinjr Deeds. French Fancy Tales, The Privateersnan, Young Forester, Peter the Whaler, and hundreds more. LOW PB.IOES. Everv article ofmv new, flne selected stock will be sold at prices that will DEFY ALIj competition. Books, Stationery, and Notions in endless variety. A fine display of Gold and Silver "Watches, Clocks and Jewelry, Jtodger Bros. Silverware, as Knives. Forks and Spoons, Castors, Cups, Tea Sets, etc, etc., will be sold cheaper than anywhere else. PIANOS AND ORGANS of the best makers very Juow for Cash, or oh Easy Installments. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS of every description. Sheet Music and Music Instructors of the latest publications. 100 new Music Books just received from the East. rF!"v7"Q i The finest assortment of Toys, "Wagons, Velocipedes, Baby Carriages, JL J Xu i etc., etc, can only be found at Adler's well known Crystal Palace. Enabled by many years of experience I succeeded In selecting a stock of goods which will suit younand old. I mean to do a square, honest business, giving full value for every dime received. Polite clerks will be found in attendance and no trouble to show goods. REMEMBER I WILE. XOT BE UNDERSOLD. Crystal Carl Adler, B0Z0RTH & JOHNS. Real Estaie and General Insurance Agents. ASTORIA, Oregon. WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE "WEST ern. State Investment, Hamburg, Bre men and North German Fire Insurance Com panies, and. represent the Travellers' Life and Accident of Hartford, and the New York Life, of N.Y. "We have tho only complete set of township maps In the county, andliave made arrange ments to receive applications, filings, and final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions, Timber Lands, etc, having all the official blanks therefor. Our mans can be exam ined in the office, upon the payment of a reasonable fee. "We also have for sale city property in As toria and additions, and farms and tide land property. Rents, and other collections made, and loans negotiated. B0ZORTH& JOHNS, For Sale. FIVE HUNDRED CORDS DRY HEM lock Wood, which I will deliver at the houses of customers for $4 a cord. Draylng or all kinds done at reasonable rates. R. R. MARION. Palace! LUTION!! Cts.. 1 3 for $ 1 .00. . Illustrated Times. Puck, Wasp, and those papers to make Bxact change. S THE FORT ! The Fur Country, Five "Weeks In a Balloon. Proprietor. STOMAM! COMMISSION MERCHANTS. Dealers In LUMBER, HAY, GEAIN, POTATOES, AND COTOTRY PRODUCE. Advances made on Consignments.