(I) Vol. xx. Astoria, Oregon, Thursday Morning, November 1, -3. No. 27. A LITTLE TOO CRITICAL. What an Eastern Correspondent Thinks of Us. There are two ?reat rivals for the internal water communication of the Northern Pacific states, the Columbia river system and the Puget sound system. This rivalry is like that between the Hudson river and the Chesapeake bay. The Columbia river is a magnifi cent stream, but its shores are ill- adapted to agriculture. Flowing into it from the south is the "Wil lamette, a noble tributary in whose valley is the oldest settlement of Oregon, its chief city, Portland, and its capital, Salem. Portland has the advantage of being the first actual terminus of the North ern Pacific railroad and of being the actual commercial emporium of the northwest. But the Co lumbia, with all its grandeur of landscape, is open to criticism from a commercial point of view. The bar at the mouth is wide and difficult to cross in a fog; vessels going up to Portland, drawing 24 feet, have to lighter 300 or 500 tons at Astoria, in order to get up. The river is very subject to fogs. It has no large towns on its banks and no very good sites for them. Kalama, where some disgruntled Portland capitalials tried to set up a rival port, is a grave-yard of real estate, a mere end of a rail road, where a lone hoir or t;vo wanders over thousand-dollar cor uer-Jots and the sites of burned houses. On the other hand, the Columbians say the bar is nothing; that San Francisco and Sandy Hook have their bars and that a bar is on the whole a nice place. The railroad docks at Portland are on the east side of the "Willamette and their freight-housesnd ele vators will be spacious, 'asX have already described. The bridge across the river is tinder construe tion. The passenger traffic from the east will alight here for a gen eration to come. The freight traffic starts off briskly, one of the first shipments being 17 car-loads of canned Salmon for eastern con sumption. This brinirs me to the other chief port of the Columbia system Astoria, where the salmon are caucrht and canned. The mouth of the Columbia was a saenc of pretty faux pas in exploration. Heceta, a Spanish navigator, no ticed in 1775, the broad mouth of the river, but did not enter it. Capt. John Meares under the Portuguese flay tried to find it some ve.irs after and seems to have observed the same opening Instead of sailing up to explore it, he named the northern headland Cape Disappointment and the opening Deception bay and sailed away, the most deceived of all, reporting to his sovereign tthat no such river existed. Capt. Gray of Boston ascertained the truth in 1792 a!hd named the river after his shin, and the canes Point Adams and Cape Hancock. Just within Point Adams on tin south shore lies Astoria, the trading post founded by John Jacob Astor, captured by the British in the war of 1S12", restored after the war, and for some years nearly aban doned until revived by the salmon hsherv. The mouth oi the river is supposed to be guarded by Fort Stevens at Point Adams and Fort Canby opposite. Astoria it self is so crowded for room that most of the town is built on piles over the ocean. Its principal business streets are all over the water. The hill back-side is fear fully steep, and it is curious to see the painful efforts made to carve streets and little door-yards out of its stubborn acclivity, bristling with stumns and stiff with in tractable clay. Its normal popu lation is about 3000, but this doubles during the canning season The canneries are strung along the Columbia for many miles. They are simply low sheds on piles with ample room for tin-shops. canning-houses and store-houses The fish are caught by men in small boatSj two men to a boat, the outfit being furnished by the can ning firms. The canners pay 90 cents a piece for the fish, or 1 if the fishermen supply their own outfit. The best fishing is at night when the salmon, which is a shy fish, cannot see the net The open season is from April 15 to August 1; at all other times netting is con trary to law in the river, but is al lowed 6n the coast. The catch this ear was large, two fishermen sometimes taking from 100 to 200 fish a daw the method being by gill nets about 15 feet deep and from 100 to 400 fathoms in length. The fish are dressed and cleaned b Chinese, and passed under large machine knives which cut them into one-pound slices, just the width of the cans. Another ma chine fills the cans and solders on the tops, but before this point is reached each can is tested in weight and salt is added. After the cans are soldered they are packed on trucks and run into re torts and steamed for one hour. Then a hole is pricked in the end of each can and they are steamed for another hour. The holes are then soldered up, and the cans are sunk in water to see if any one bubbles on account of leakage Next they ire submerged m shellac to give them a varnish, the labels are af fixed, the cans.packed 4S in a case and sold for from $4.50 to $o a case. The production of the past season was G40,000 cases. The shipment over the Pacific railroad for the past vear amounted to nearly 1000 freight cars, but prob ably one-half the production is ex ported to foreign countries. Asto ria has no railroad, but is the ter minus of the Oregon and Califor nia failroad, if it is ever built north of Portland. It has a land grant. There is general discontent that Mr. Villard has not visited Astoria and makes no move ttnvard open ing the Astoria connection. The Columbia is six miles wide at As toria, and the air is so clear that the trunks of trees are discernible at that distance, but the climate is generally foggy. Corr. Spring field Republican. Indianapolis has long been been noted for the enterprise of its merchants in the wav of ad vertising. Competition is very sharp between two leading retail clothinir houses. One sends up balloons every few days. The other distributes thousands of boxes of candy to school children, who on one occasion crowded the store by the hundreds and required several police to control them. Saturday, however, the two estab lishments locked horns, and both advertised that they would sell jeans pantaloons for five cents a pair during the day. Before 10 o'clock the market quotations on jean pantaloons went down to one cent a pair, although every pair cost the proprietors Gfty-two cents to manufacture. One firm alone claim to have sold upward of 2,000 pairs before 10 o clock. The old prayer used to run, "Lord save us from the devil, the Turk and the comet." The tele scope has disarmed the comet of its terrors, the bondholders have shackled the Turk and the revised edition has killed the devil. "When a comet comes now we dissect it; when the Turk is rampant, Etlrope presents lis coupons, and if his satanic majesty came aboard he would be interviewed by a newspaper reporter and invited to call around. Order has been completely' re stored at Portau-Prince. Ffteen hundred lives were lost and dam age to the extent of 84,000,000 was done during the recent massa cre. The Haytien war steamer Dessalines has arrived under the American flag. In the attack on Miragoane the government troops were repulsed with severe loss. General Piquent was mortally wounded. New Haven oystermen are planting oyster shells in the. Sound as a means of helping the propaga tion of the oyster. The shells sup ply a rough, hard substance for the "spat" to cliug to. Snnxra's Cure will immediately relieve Croup, Tvliooplnc cough and Bronchitis. Sold by W. E. Dement Curiosity having been excited in New York by the names of the new Cunarders, Pauonia and Aurania, which seems to vary from the company's custom of selecting for its ships classical names of countries, a correspon dent writes an explanation to the Critic. Early in the XVIIth cen tury, Michael Pauw, son of an Am sterdam burgomaster, planted on the mainland, near Staten Island, a colony, which was named after him Pavonia. Aurona is the Lat inized name of Fort Orange, the Dutch settlement on the Hudson, where is now the city of Albany. The names of the new steamers, therefore, aro a compliment to the states of New Jersey and New York. The stockholders in the Kcely motor enterprise are becoming im patient, and at a conference in Philadelphia recently, the inven tor was urged to hurry. He was assured the clamoring stockholders would not stand many more post ponements. Mr. Keely explained that it would be impossible for him to have the trial trip of his motor engine next month, because of a miscalculation in the "chro matic scales of the vibrator." In reply to a question, he said nobody but himself could adjust the "'chro matic relationship," and it was not in his power to sa when he would get them fixed. Absolutely Pure. This powder never varies. A marvel purity, strength and wlnlesomeness. More economical than the ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold in competition with the mul titude of low test snort weight, alum or phosphate powders. Suldonluin cans. ROY AL BAICIXH POWDKIt Co.. 100 Wall-St. N. Y. hostetterv H CELEBRATED There has never been an instance in which this sterling invicorant and anti-fcbril medi- cino has failed to ward off tho complaint. vrncn taken duly as a protection against malaria. Hundreds ot nnrsicians navo aban doned all tho officinal specifics, and now ire scribo this harmless vecotablo tonic for chills and fever, a? well as dyspep? la and nervous affections, ilostctter's Bitters is tho specific you need. cor sale by all Drngcuu and Dealers cencrally. F0ASD & STOKES, WE HAVE OPENED AGAIN In IIunie'sNew Building And are Ready to Supply the Wants of Our Customers. A. FULL STOCK OF Fresh Groceries. L. X. JoIlsoii, ITas re-opened his CIGAR AND TOBACCO STORE On the Roadway, near his old location. He will keep the stock of the choicest Clears and Tobaccos, and a full line of smokers, ar ticles. Including the finest meerschaum pipes. lie will be pleased to see his old menus ar nis new stana. 8AHK1HG ANDJNSURANDL BROKER, BARKER 0 . AND INSURANCE ACEHT AiJTOKIA, - OREGON OFFICE HOUKS: rROM 9 O'CLOCK A. M. UNTIL s O'CLOCK P.M. 1 I of califork:a. . K. HOUGHTON- ........lia"(l4lent . .Secriinry .Agent for Oob UHAS. It. HTOUV. tKO. L. STOltV .. Capital paid up in U. S. yohlf CO!n 5 ,y i..v ii I. V.. CASK. Agent. Clienamus street. Astoria. Oregon. $67,000,000 CAPITAL. LIVERPOOL AND LOON AND GLOBE, NORTH BRITISH AND MERCAN TILE OF LONDON AND EDINBURGH. OLD CONNECTICUT OF HART FORD, AND COilitERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES RoproienUnE a capital of SC7.C00.OOO. A. VAN DUSEN. Aeent. NORTHERH PACIFIC EXPRESS COMPANY Are Now Ready For Business. eB"Ofllce with Bozorth & Johns. E. A. NO YES, Agt. S. ARNDT & FEROHEN, ASTORIA. - OREGON. The Pioneer Machine Shop Boiler Shop lgs?3 All kinds of ENGINE, CANNERY, ANI STEAMBOAT WORK Promptly attended tc A specialty made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. BErrox Stkket, Nkah Pakkkk Uousk, ASTORIA. - OREttON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LAMIAE1EIMIS Boiler Work. Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. Of all lU'RcriptloiiH made to Order at Short A'otice. A. I). "Wass, President. .1. (i. IIu.STL.En, Secretary, f. V. Cask, Treasurer. .ioh:. Fox.Snperintcndent. C. H. BAIN & GO. ieam:ks in Doors, Windows.. Blinds, Transoms Turning, Bracket Work. A specialty, and all work guaranteed. Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumher; Ore gon and Tort Orford Cedar. All kinds or hoat material on hand. C II.15AIX & CO. A. MacBeth, MEECHANT TAILOE, No. 4. First St, - - Portland. Oregon Clothing made at reasonable prices and satisfaction guaranteed. ANNOTJNOEMEN T. IIIKS. T. S. JEi?ETT, (Successor to Mrs. E. S. "Warren.) FasrrionaMe Dressmaker AXI ISIirXINEI. Dealer In Millinery and Fancy Goods. Sdiiemoqua street, next door to Odd Fellows iempie. Cleaning Repairing. NEAT, CHEAP AND QUICK. BY GEORGE IiOVETT, Main Street, opposite X. Loeb's. BLACKSMITH jff.L BUSINESS OAEDS. Q K. THOMSON, Attorney and Counselor at Law. Room No. C, over "White House, ASTORIA, OREUON. J. xat. nunsox, Attorney sit Iaiv, RHd Xotary Public. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Oregon, C. VT. Fl'LTON". O. C. FCLTOX. FUJTOX BISOTHERS. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Rooms 5 and C. Odd Fellows Building. J i.A.BOVLY. ATTORNEY AT LAW, Chenamus tret-r. - - ASTORIA. OREGON ATT I' AT LAW. Nolan- Public. Commissioner of Deeds for California, New York and Washington Ter ritory. Rooms 3 and -I, Odd Fellows Building, As toria, Oregon. N. I:. Claims at Washineton. D. C and collections a specialty. V. ATiLES, Astoria Agent Hamburg-Magdeburg and German-American FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. jg C. HOIjDEX, NOTARY PUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AN1 IN SURANCE AGENT. Q.KI.O F. 1'AKKEK. SURVEYOR OF CltitMop County, and. City of Astoria Office :-Chenamus street, Y.3I. C. A. ball r.oom io.B. JQR. X. C. JIO ATM AX, Physician and Surgeon. I'ocms 9 and 10, Odd Fellows Building, ASTORIA, OREGON. "Vay tcttlr. ai. . PHYSICIAN AND STJKGEON Offick Rooms l. 2. and 3.PvthlanBuiId- Injr. ItEsiDEXCK Over J. E. Thomas' Drua More. jl P. KICKS, PENTIST, ASTOKIA, - OREGON Rooms in Allen's bulldlnc un stairs, corner oi uass ana sqemocque siret . JyU. .1. S. IiaFOItCE, JESTIST, Room 11. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or. Gas administered for nalnlcss extraction oiieein. GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY. Bills of Exchange on any Part oi Europe. T AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING A well I: :nown and commodious steamship Ines, STATE LINE, RED STAR, WHITE STAR, HAMBURG-AMERICAN, DOMINION LINE. NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE. Prepaid tickt-ts to or from any European nnrt. For full Information as to rates of Lire, sailing days, etc, apply to 1. GEO. P. WHEELER, W. L. ROnii. Notary Public. WHEELER & ROBB. GENERAL Real Estate S Insurance Agents. "We have verv desirable nronertv in As toria and "Upper Astorialoc safe. Also, fine iarms inrounnoui me county. Accounts carefully adjusted and collec tions made. Ave represent the JCo3aI, Xorivlcli Union antl Ijnnca- snire innuraace con., AVith a combined capital of S3G,O00,00O. THK TravelePH Iife nnd Accident Insur ance Co , or Hartford, and tne .Man hattan lilfn Insurance Co., of New York. Wn ir.. frrint tnr tha Tinllii nml XV'fjkll Norlhiccst Nem, and the" Oregon Vidclte. All business entrusted to our care will re ceive prompt attention. ATTENTION SOLDIERS ! 101.000,000 Appropriate! in 18S for Tensions, ax ACT to relieve soldiers fromthe charce of desertion and grant all such soldiers their full dues, aim to Kraut soiuiers marKea as I IKS El ITERS honorable discharge papers. AN ACT to extend the arrears of the pen sion act and continue it in force so far as ACT allowing pay for horses and equipments lost in service, etc Nearly every person Is widows and children are concernea. an entitled to an increase. PenHions, Bounties, Land Claims and Patents attended to. For particulars call or address C. J. CUIiTIS. Attorney and Counselor at Law, Solicitor of Claims anu raienis. Rooms 3 and 4 Odd Fellows building. As tona, Oregon. THE LATEST STYLES IN WALL PAPER AT B. 5. FRANKLIN'S, NEXT DOOR TO ASTORIAN OFFICE. A very large Stock from which to select. Window curtains made to order. ISMy patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paper win ne lounu convenient to my patrons. I Lead but Never Follow ! CARL A Crystal REVOLUT Is herewith declared. From and after the 1st o November all News papers and Periodicals will be sold at the following prices: 5 Cents Each. Fireside Companion, N. Y. "Weekly Ledger, Saturday Night. Arm Chair, Family Story Paper, Boys of New York, Weeks Doings, Texas Siftings, S. F. Chronicle, Call, Oregonian, News and Astoriax, etc., etc. 8 CIS., 3 for 25 Polioe Gazette, Police News, Judge, Harper's Bazaar and "Weekly, Leslie's Weekly and Chimney Lrorner, Argonaut, and many others. I have printed tickets for those papers to make exact change. Back numbers always on hand. 25 Cents. Leslie's Popular Monthly, Young Ladies Journal, etc.. 30 Cents. Harper's Monthly, etc. Having made arrangements with all publishers I am enabled to give the public a benefit of the above named reductions I have also REDUCED the price for Subscriptions, which will be as follows: Harper's Weekly, per year Bazaar, " t: Monthly c; All three for Leslie's Weekly, per year Leslie s Chimney Corner, per year " Popular Monthly " Fireside Companion New York Ledger Saturday Night Family Story Paper Arm Chair S. F. Argonant Puck And all others too numerous to mention at the same rates. Now is your time to subscribe for the coming year. Remember Carl Adler's subscription iNews Depot. ADLER STILL HOLDS THE FORT ! X-oo2s at Tiiis ! All the following fine cloth hound Books cilt cdsre. Red Line edition, formerlv SI. 50 at 75 cents. POEJIS Buhrer Lytton. Campbell, Spencer, Hemans, Tennyson, Hood. Moore, Jean Ingelow, Crahh. Pope, Shakespeare. Goldsmith, Chaucer. Colerldge.Luclle, Dryden.MacauIay, Scott, Schiller. Milton, Keats, Kirk, White, Goss. Thompson, Herbert, Ayton. "Woodworth. Longfellow, Holmes. Bayard Taylor, Shelby, Bodgers, Barns, Cooper, ana many, many more. Fine line of Novels and Gift Books, richly hound, formerlv Sl.60 now onlv 75 cents. Tom Brown's School Days, Tour or the World, The Fur Country, Five "Weeks in a Balloon, Anderson's Fairy Tales, Arabian Nights, Young Crusoe, Talcs from Shakespeare, Don Quixote, Gems, Household Stories, Dick Rodney. Aesops Fables, Last Days of Pompeii Robinson Crusoe. Roh Roy, The .Midshipman. Darins Deeds. French Fancy Tales, Tho Prlvateersman, Young Forester, Peter the Whaler, and hundreds more. LOW Every article of mv new. fine selected stock will he sold at prices that will DEFY Books. Stationery, and Notions in endless Watches, Clocks and Jewelry, Rodger Bros. Silverware, as Knives, Forks and Spoons, Castors, Cups, Tea Sets, etc, etc., will he sold cheaper than anywhere else. PIANOS AND ORGANS of the best InHtnllmcnta. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS of even description. Sheet MusS and Music Instructors of the latest publications. 100 new Music Books Just received from the East. TOYS! The finest assortment of Toys, Wagons, Velocipedes, Baby Carriages, etc., etc., can only he found at Adler's well known Crystal Palace. Enabled by many Tears of experience I will suit young and old. I mean to do a square, honest business, givinfull value for every dime received, rollte clerks will he found In attendance and no trouble to show goods. KE3IE3IIIEU X 1VIEL The Crystal Palace. Carl Adler, BOZOBTH & JOHNS. Real Estate and General Insurance Agents. ASTORIA, Oregon. WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST ern. State Investment, Hamburg, .Bre men and North German Fire Insurance Com panies, and represent the Travellers' Life and Accident of Hartford, and the New York Life, of N. Y. We have tho only complete set of township maps in the county, and nave made arrange ments to receive applications, filings, and final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions. Timber Lands, eta. having all the official blanks therefor. Our maps can he exam ined In the office, upon the payment of a reasonable fee. We also have for sale city property in As toria and additions, and farms and tide land property. Rents, and other collections made, and loans negotiated. BjZORTH & JOHNS, For Sale. XIYE HUNDRED CORDS DRY HEM- i lock wood, which I will deliver at tne houses of customers for S4 a cord. Draying or all Ttlnds done at reasonable rates. tu ia-aau.un. DLERS alace! ON!! Cis., 13 for $1.00. Illustrated Times, Puck, Wasp, and $3.75 not S4.00 4.00 4.00 " 12.00 " 4.00 " 4.00 " 3.00 " 3.00 " 3.00 " 3.00 " 3.00 3.00 " 4.00 " 5.00 3.75 3.50 10.00 3.75 3.75 2.85 2.75 2.75 2.75 2.75 2.75 3.75 4.50 variety. A fine display of Gold and Silver makers very Low for Cash, or on Easy succeeded In selecting a stock of goods which XOT BE XJXERSOL,l. Proprietor. STOHE & DAVIDSOH COMMISSION MERCHANTS. Dealers In LUMBER, HAY, GRAIN, POTATOES, AND COUNTRY PRODUCE. Advances made on Consignments.