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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 1, 1883)
Astoria, Oregon, Thursday Morning, November 1, -3.
A LITTLE TOO CRITICAL.
What an Eastern Correspondent
Thinks of Us.
There are two ?reat rivals for
the internal water communication
of the Northern Pacific states,
the Columbia river system and the
Puget sound system. This rivalry
is like that between the Hudson
river and the Chesapeake bay.
The Columbia river is a magnifi
cent stream, but its shores are ill-
adapted to agriculture. Flowing
into it from the south is the "Wil
lamette, a noble tributary in whose
valley is the oldest settlement of
Oregon, its chief city, Portland,
and its capital, Salem. Portland
has the advantage of being the
first actual terminus of the North
ern Pacific railroad and of being
the actual commercial emporium
of the northwest. But the Co
lumbia, with all its grandeur of
landscape, is open to criticism
from a commercial point of view.
The bar at the mouth is wide and
difficult to cross in a fog; vessels
going up to Portland, drawing 24
feet, have to lighter 300 or 500
tons at Astoria, in order to get up.
The river is very subject to fogs.
It has no large towns on its banks
and no very good sites for them.
Kalama, where some disgruntled
Portland capitalials tried to set
up a rival port, is a grave-yard of
real estate, a mere end of a rail
road, where a lone hoir or t;vo
wanders over thousand-dollar cor
uer-Jots and the sites of burned
houses. On the other hand, the
Columbians say the bar is nothing;
that San Francisco and Sandy
Hook have their bars and that a
bar is on the whole a nice place.
The railroad docks at Portland are
on the east side of the "Willamette
and their freight-housesnd ele
vators will be spacious, 'asX have
already described. The bridge
across the river is tinder construe
tion. The passenger traffic from
the east will alight here for a gen
eration to come. The freight
traffic starts off briskly, one of the
first shipments being 17 car-loads
of canned Salmon for eastern con
This brinirs me to the other
chief port of the Columbia system
Astoria, where the salmon are
caucrht and canned. The mouth
of the Columbia was a saenc of
pretty faux pas in exploration.
Heceta, a Spanish navigator, no
ticed in 1775, the broad mouth of
the river, but did not enter it.
Capt. John Meares under the
Portuguese flay tried to find it
some ve.irs after and seems to
have observed the same opening
Instead of sailing up to explore it,
he named the northern headland
Cape Disappointment and the
opening Deception bay and sailed
away, the most deceived of all,
reporting to his sovereign tthat no
such river existed. Capt. Gray of
Boston ascertained the truth in
1792 a!hd named the river after
his shin, and the canes Point
Adams and Cape Hancock. Just
within Point Adams on tin south
shore lies Astoria, the trading post
founded by John Jacob Astor,
captured by the British in the war
of 1S12", restored after the war,
and for some years nearly aban
doned until revived by the salmon
hsherv. The mouth oi the river
is supposed to be guarded by
Fort Stevens at Point Adams and
Fort Canby opposite. Astoria it
self is so crowded for room that
most of the town is built on piles
over the ocean. Its principal
business streets are all over the
water. The hill back-side is fear
fully steep, and it is curious to see
the painful efforts made to carve
streets and little door-yards out of
its stubborn acclivity, bristling
with stumns and stiff with in
tractable clay. Its normal popu
lation is about 3000, but this
doubles during the canning season
The canneries are strung along
the Columbia for many miles. They
are simply low sheds on piles
with ample room for tin-shops.
canning-houses and store-houses
The fish are caught by men in
small boatSj two men to a boat, the
outfit being furnished by the can
ning firms. The canners pay 90
cents a piece for the fish, or 1 if
the fishermen supply their own
outfit. The best fishing is at night
when the salmon, which is a shy
fish, cannot see the net The open
season is from April 15 to August
1; at all other times netting is con
trary to law in the river, but is al
lowed 6n the coast. The catch
this ear was large, two fishermen
sometimes taking from 100 to 200
fish a daw the method being by
gill nets about 15 feet deep and
from 100 to 400 fathoms in length.
The fish are dressed and cleaned
b Chinese, and passed under large
machine knives which cut them
into one-pound slices, just the
width of the cans. Another ma
chine fills the cans and solders on
the tops, but before this point is
reached each can is tested in
weight and salt is added. After
the cans are soldered they are
packed on trucks and run into re
torts and steamed for one hour.
Then a hole is pricked in the end of
each can and they are steamed for
another hour. The holes are then
soldered up, and the cans are sunk
in water to see if any one bubbles
on account of leakage Next they
ire submerged m shellac to give
them a varnish, the labels are af
fixed, the cans.packed 4S in a case
and sold for from $4.50 to $o a
case. The production of the past
season was G40,000 cases. The
shipment over the Pacific railroad
for the past vear amounted to
nearly 1000 freight cars, but prob
ably one-half the production is ex
ported to foreign countries. Asto
ria has no railroad, but is the ter
minus of the Oregon and Califor
nia failroad, if it is ever built north
of Portland. It has a land grant.
There is general discontent that
Mr. Villard has not visited Astoria
and makes no move ttnvard open
ing the Astoria connection. The
Columbia is six miles wide at As
toria, and the air is so clear that
the trunks of trees are discernible
at that distance, but the climate is
generally foggy. Corr. Spring
Indianapolis has long been
been noted for the enterprise of
its merchants in the wav of ad
vertising. Competition is very
sharp between two leading retail
clothinir houses. One sends up
balloons every few days. The
other distributes thousands of
boxes of candy to school children,
who on one occasion crowded the
store by the hundreds and required
several police to control them.
Saturday, however, the two estab
lishments locked horns, and both
advertised that they would sell
jeans pantaloons for five cents a
pair during the day. Before 10
o'clock the market quotations on
jean pantaloons went down to one
cent a pair, although every pair
cost the proprietors Gfty-two cents
to manufacture. One firm alone
claim to have sold upward of 2,000
pairs before 10 o clock.
The old prayer used to run,
"Lord save us from the devil, the
Turk and the comet." The tele
scope has disarmed the comet of
its terrors, the bondholders have
shackled the Turk and the revised
edition has killed the devil. "When
a comet comes now we dissect it;
when the Turk is rampant, Etlrope
presents lis coupons, and if
his satanic majesty came aboard
he would be interviewed by a
newspaper reporter and invited to
Order has been completely' re
stored at Portau-Prince. Ffteen
hundred lives were lost and dam
age to the extent of 84,000,000
was done during the recent massa
cre. The Haytien war steamer
Dessalines has arrived under the
American flag. In the attack on
Miragoane the government troops
were repulsed with severe loss.
General Piquent was mortally
New Haven oystermen are
planting oyster shells in the. Sound
as a means of helping the propaga
tion of the oyster. The shells sup
ply a rough, hard substance for the
"spat" to cliug to.
Snnxra's Cure will immediately
relieve Croup, Tvliooplnc cough and
Bronchitis. Sold by W. E. Dement
Curiosity having been excited
in New York by the names of the
new Cunarders, Pauonia and
Aurania, which seems to vary
from the company's custom of
selecting for its ships classical
names of countries, a correspon
dent writes an explanation to the
Critic. Early in the XVIIth cen
tury, Michael Pauw, son of an Am
sterdam burgomaster, planted on
the mainland, near Staten Island,
a colony, which was named after
him Pavonia. Aurona is the Lat
inized name of Fort Orange, the
Dutch settlement on the Hudson,
where is now the city of Albany.
The names of the new steamers,
therefore, aro a compliment to the
states of New Jersey and New
The stockholders in the Kcely
motor enterprise are becoming im
patient, and at a conference in
Philadelphia recently, the inven
tor was urged to hurry. He was
assured the clamoring stockholders
would not stand many more post
ponements. Mr. Keely explained
that it would be impossible for
him to have the trial trip of his
motor engine next month, because
of a miscalculation in the "chro
matic scales of the vibrator." In
reply to a question, he said nobody
but himself could adjust the "'chro
matic relationship," and it was
not in his power to sa when he
would get them fixed.
This powder never varies. A marvel
purity, strength and wlnlesomeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot be sold in competition with the mul
titude of low test snort weight, alum or
phosphate powders. Suldonluin cans. ROY
AL BAICIXH POWDKIt Co.. 100 Wall-St. N. Y.
There has never been an instance in which
this sterling invicorant and anti-fcbril medi-
cino has failed to ward off tho complaint.
vrncn taken duly as a protection against
malaria. Hundreds ot nnrsicians navo aban
doned all tho officinal specifics, and now ire
scribo this harmless vecotablo tonic for chills
and fever, a? well as dyspep? la and nervous
affections, ilostctter's Bitters is tho specific
cor sale by all Drngcuu and Dealers
F0ASD & STOKES,
WE HAVE OPENED AGAIN
In IIunie'sNew Building
And are Ready to Supply
the Wants of Our
A. FULL STOCK
L. X. JoIlsoii,
ITas re-opened his
CIGAR AND TOBACCO STORE
On the Roadway, near his old location. He
will keep the stock of the choicest Clears
and Tobaccos, and a full line of smokers, ar
ticles. Including the finest meerschaum
pipes. lie will be pleased to see his old
menus ar nis new stana.
AiJTOKIA, - OREGON
rROM 9 O'CLOCK A. M. UNTIL s
. K. HOUGHTON-
.Agent for Oob
UHAS. It. HTOUV.
tKO. L. STOltV ..
Capital paid up in U. S. yohlf
CO!n 5 ,y i..v ii
I. V.. CASK. Agent.
Clienamus street. Astoria. Oregon.
LIVERPOOL AND LOON AND
NORTH BRITISH AND MERCAN
TILE OF LONDON AND
OLD CONNECTICUT OF HART
COilitERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES
RoproienUnE a capital of SC7.C00.OOO.
A. VAN DUSEN. Aeent.
NORTHERH PACIFIC EXPRESS
Are Now Ready For Business.
eB"Ofllce with Bozorth & Johns.
E. A. NO YES,
S. ARNDT & FEROHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
Boiler Shop lgs?3
All kinds of
Promptly attended tc
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
BErrox Stkket, Nkah Pakkkk Uousk,
ASTORIA. - OREttON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
Boiler Work. Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. Of all lU'RcriptloiiH made to Order
at Short A'otice.
A. I). "Wass, President.
.1. (i. IIu.STL.En, Secretary,
f. V. Cask, Treasurer.
C. H. BAIN & GO.
Doors, Windows.. Blinds, Transoms
Turning, Bracket Work.
A specialty, and all work guaranteed.
Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumher; Ore
gon and Tort Orford Cedar.
All kinds or hoat material on hand.
C II.15AIX & CO.
No. 4. First St, - - Portland. Oregon
Clothing made at reasonable prices
and satisfaction guaranteed.
IIIKS. T. S. JEi?ETT,
(Successor to Mrs. E. S. "Warren.)
Dealer In Millinery and Fancy Goods.
Sdiiemoqua street, next door to Odd Fellows
NEAT, CHEAP AND QUICK. BY
Main Street, opposite X. Loeb's.
Q K. THOMSON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
Room No. C, over "White House,
Attorney sit Iaiv, RHd Xotary
Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Oregon,
C. VT. Fl'LTON". O. C. FCLTOX.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and C. Odd Fellows Building.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Chenamus tret-r. - - ASTORIA. OREGON
ATT I' AT LAW.
Nolan- Public. Commissioner of Deeds for
California, New York and Washington Ter
ritory. Rooms 3 and -I, Odd Fellows Building, As
N. I:. Claims at Washineton. D. C and
collections a specialty.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
jg C. HOIjDEX,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AN1 IN
Q.KI.O F. 1'AKKEK.
CltitMop County, and. City of Astoria
Office :-Chenamus street, Y.3I. C. A. ball
JQR. X. C. JIO ATM AX,
Physician and Surgeon.
I'ocms 9 and 10, Odd Fellows Building,
"Vay tcttlr. ai. .
PHYSICIAN AND STJKGEON
Offick Rooms l. 2. and 3.PvthlanBuiId-
ItEsiDEXCK Over J. E. Thomas' Drua
jl P. KICKS,
ASTOKIA, - OREGON
Rooms in Allen's bulldlnc un stairs, corner
oi uass ana sqemocque siret .
JyU. .1. S. IiaFOItCE,
Room 11. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for nalnlcss extraction
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part oi Europe.
T AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
A well I:
:nown and commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Prepaid tickt-ts to or from any European
For full Information as to rates of Lire,
sailing days, etc, apply to
GEO. P. WHEELER,
W. L. ROnii.
WHEELER & ROBB.
Real Estate S Insurance Agents.
"We have verv desirable nronertv in As
toria and "Upper Astorialoc safe. Also, fine
iarms inrounnoui me county.
Accounts carefully adjusted and collec
Ave represent the
JCo3aI, Xorivlcli Union antl Ijnnca-
snire innuraace con.,
AVith a combined capital of S3G,O00,00O.
TravelePH Iife nnd Accident Insur
ance Co , or Hartford, and tne .Man
hattan lilfn Insurance Co.,
of New York.
Wn ir.. frrint tnr tha Tinllii nml XV'fjkll
Norlhiccst Nem, and the" Oregon Vidclte.
All business entrusted to our care will re
ceive prompt attention.
ATTENTION SOLDIERS !
101.000,000 Appropriate! in
18S for Tensions,
ax ACT to relieve soldiers fromthe charce
of desertion and grant all such soldiers their
full dues, aim to Kraut soiuiers marKea as
I IKS El ITERS honorable discharge papers.
AN ACT to extend the arrears of the pen
sion act and continue it in force so far as
ACT allowing pay for horses and equipments
lost in service, etc Nearly every person Is
widows and children are concernea. an
entitled to an increase.
PenHions, Bounties, Land Claims
and Patents attended to.
For particulars call or address
C. J. CUIiTIS.
Attorney and Counselor at Law, Solicitor of
Claims anu raienis.
Rooms 3 and 4 Odd Fellows building. As
THE LATEST STYLES
B. 5. FRANKLIN'S,
NEXT DOOR TO ASTORIAN OFFICE.
A very large Stock from which to select.
Window curtains made to order.
ISMy patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paper
win ne lounu convenient to my patrons.
I Lead but Never Follow !
Is herewith declared. From and after the 1st o November all News
papers and Periodicals will be sold at the following prices:
5 Cents Each.
Fireside Companion, N. Y. "Weekly Ledger, Saturday Night.
Arm Chair, Family Story Paper, Boys of New York, Weeks Doings,
Texas Siftings, S. F. Chronicle, Call, Oregonian, News and Astoriax,
8 CIS., 3 for 25
Polioe Gazette, Police News,
Judge, Harper's Bazaar and "Weekly, Leslie's Weekly and Chimney
Lrorner, Argonaut, and many others.
I have printed tickets for those papers to make exact change.
Back numbers always on hand.
Leslie's Popular Monthly, Young Ladies Journal, etc..
Harper's Monthly, etc.
Having made arrangements with all publishers I am enabled to
give the public a benefit of the above named reductions I have also
REDUCED the price for Subscriptions, which will be as follows:
Harper's Weekly, per year
t: Monthly c;
All three for
Leslie's Weekly, per year
Leslie s Chimney Corner, per year
" Popular Monthly "
New York Ledger
Family Story Paper
S. F. Argonant
And all others too numerous to mention at the same rates. Now is
your time to subscribe for the coming year. Remember Carl Adler's
subscription iNews Depot.
ADLER STILL HOLDS THE FORT !
X-oo2s at Tiiis !
All the following fine cloth hound Books cilt cdsre. Red Line edition, formerlv SI. 50 at
75 cents. POEJIS Buhrer Lytton. Campbell, Spencer, Hemans, Tennyson, Hood.
Moore, Jean Ingelow, Crahh. Pope, Shakespeare. Goldsmith, Chaucer. Colerldge.Luclle,
Dryden.MacauIay, Scott, Schiller. Milton, Keats, Kirk, White, Goss. Thompson, Herbert,
Ayton. "Woodworth. Longfellow, Holmes. Bayard Taylor, Shelby, Bodgers, Barns, Cooper,
ana many, many more.
Fine line of Novels and Gift Books, richly hound, formerlv Sl.60 now onlv 75 cents.
Tom Brown's School Days, Tour or the World, The Fur Country, Five "Weeks in a Balloon,
Anderson's Fairy Tales, Arabian Nights, Young Crusoe, Talcs from Shakespeare, Don
Quixote, Gems, Household Stories, Dick Rodney. Aesops Fables, Last Days of Pompeii
Robinson Crusoe. Roh Roy, The .Midshipman. Darins Deeds. French Fancy Tales, Tho
Prlvateersman, Young Forester, Peter the Whaler, and hundreds more.
Every article of mv new. fine selected stock will he sold at prices that will DEFY
Books. Stationery, and Notions in endless
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry, Rodger Bros. Silverware, as Knives, Forks and Spoons,
Castors, Cups, Tea Sets, etc, etc., will he sold cheaper than anywhere else.
PIANOS AND ORGANS of the best
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS of even description. Sheet MusS and Music Instructors
of the latest publications. 100 new Music Books Just received from the East.
The finest assortment of Toys, Wagons, Velocipedes, Baby Carriages,
etc., etc., can only he found at Adler's well known Crystal Palace.
Enabled by many Tears of experience I
will suit young and old.
I mean to do a square, honest business, givinfull value for every dime received,
rollte clerks will he found In attendance and no trouble to show goods.
KE3IE3IIIEU X 1VIEL
The Crystal Palace.
BOZOBTH & JOHNS.
Real Estate and General Insurance
WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST
ern. State Investment, Hamburg, .Bre
men and North German Fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travellers' Life
and Accident of Hartford, and the New
York Life, of N. Y.
We have tho only complete set of township
maps in the county, and nave made arrange
ments to receive applications, filings, and
final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions.
Timber Lands, eta. having all the official
blanks therefor. Our maps can he exam
ined In the office, upon the payment of a
We also have for sale city property in As
toria and additions, and farms and tide land
Rents, and other collections made, and
BjZORTH & JOHNS,
XIYE HUNDRED CORDS DRY HEM-
i lock wood, which I will deliver at tne
houses of customers for S4 a cord.
Draying or all Ttlnds done at reasonable
rates. tu ia-aau.un.
Cis., 13 for $1.00.
Illustrated Times, Puck, Wasp, and
variety. A fine display of Gold and Silver
makers very Low for Cash, or on Easy
succeeded In selecting a stock of goods which
XOT BE XJXERSOL,l.
STOHE & DAVIDSOH
Advances made on Consignments.