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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 18, 1883)
Astoria, Oregon," Thursday Morning, October 18, 1883
TAXING R. H. LAND.
On this subject the editor of the
Walla Walla Union, writes from
An important resolution, rein
forced by a resounding preamble,
was intioduced by Mr. Caton to
day. It provides for the formation
of a joint committee of five to
study the revenue law and report
by bill or otherwise. In the pre
amble it is declared that the or
ganic act says taxation shall be
equal and uniform, a declaration
which means, if anything, that no
property shall escape the payment
of its share of government. It
then relates that the Northern
Pacific railroad compare has earn
ed a large area of land in Wash
ington, that it escapes payment of
taxes on these lands by the plea
that it has not received patents
therefor; that however when the
company sells a portion of its earn
ed lands, the lands sold become
liable to taxation. This anomalous
condition the committee asked for
1)' Mr. Caton is to endeavor to
One of the singular things about
the revenue law of the territoy
which has always seemed incom
prehensible to us is the very phrase
Mr. Caton sets forth in the pre
amble to his resolutions. How it
is possible for the Northern Pa
cific to give an absolute title- to a
purchaser of a half section of land,
and then escape taxation on the
remaining half is a question of
such depth and complexity that
we have never been able to solve it.
The grant made July 2, lSGi to
the Northern Pacific provides that
after the commissioners have ex
amined and accepted sections of
the completed road, they "shall so
report to the president of the Uni
ted States, and patents of lands, as
aforesaid, shall be issued to said
company, confining to said corn
pan' the right and title to said
lands' By some peculiar opera
tion of the Department these pa
tents have not been issued as
rapidly as the road has been con
structed and accepted. By virtue
of a clause in the sundry civil ap
propriation act approved July 15,
1870, and the decisions of the Su
preme court of the United States,
in some Kansas cases, the company
insist that it cannot obtain patents
to the land it has earned until it
has "paid into the treasury of the
United States the cost of survpy
ing, selecting, and conveying the
same." 'At the same time the
company insist that the govern
ment has no right to exact from
the company the cost of surveying
and patenting its lands, that the
clause in the appropriation act re
quiring them to make the payment
is in violation of their charter, a
soit of exjHfsl facto law, and there
The resolutions offered by Mr.
Caton received every vote in the
Council save that of Mr. Hale, of
Thurston. It is to be hoped that
the cduimittee may devise some
way to make the company bear its
just share of the taxes of the coun
try. It is too much to protect the
propert of the company, pay
heavy charges for its use and grant
it the further bonus of exemption
It has been suggested that con
gress by repealing the clause in
the appropriation act of 1870
might simplify the matter and ex
pedite the issue of patents to the
comoanv. It strikes us that even
if granted, the exemption from the
cost of surveying and patenting
the com nan v would endeavor to
scape taxation on the plea that
patents had not been received,
and that it would require an act
of congress to compel the company
to take out patents for its lands
and to record them in the proper
Next to the fur trade, fishing is
Alaska's most important industry,
both in regard to the amount of
capital invested and the number of
persons employed. At certain
seasons of the year the Alaskan
waters fairly swarm with fish, and.
so ravenous are these that they will
readily bite a naked hook. The
supply is practically inexhaustible,
and fine large fish arc bought by
the canneries from the Indians at
$2.50 per 100. The salmon are
not as large as those of the Co
lumbia river, but the great differ
ence in price much more than
makes up the great difference in
The principal fish of Alaska are
cod, herring, several varieties of
salmon, halibut and oolachan.
rTalibut and salmon form the sta
ple food of the Indians, who dry
large quantities of them. Should
the run of these fish fail for even a
single year the sufferings of the
Indians would be incalculable.
Cod and herring are dried in large
numbers for export, and salmon
are canned and salted. Thus far
there has been no attempt to util-
It.Ki 111V. Wlf llOtllii;?, W .III. IWMV'tl j
more abundant in the northern '
part of British Columbia, where j
thej are dried in large numbers. .
The fish is very oily, and when dry j
will burn like a candle, whence it J
is sometimes termed tne candle
fish. The oil has bean expressed
and bottled, and is said to possess j
superior medical properties to coil 1
liver oil. !
At present, there are seven can- j
neries in Alaska, none very large,
the average . pack being 12,000
cases a vear. These canneries are I
situated at Carter Bay, Cape Fox, i
Kiawack, Chilcat, Pyramid Har
bor, Karlook and Kenai. It will ,
be noted that most of these are
located in Southeastern Alaska.
This is more convenient as being
nearer the market, but those ac- i
quaintcd with the country say that I
the fish are much more numerous J
and finer at Cook's Inlet and in 1 ,Mm.,ler mV(,r varie A Inarvel 0
tint viiMiiitv Tlip Cnttinfr P ipL-- I purity. .strength ami wlulcsomeness. More
tnat MUiiiu. i ne aiming i ack- o,,,,,,,! Ih.m ti,e ordinary kinds, and
incr Cnmtvinv fnrmprlv h-ul -l can- 1 cannot be sold in comnelltlon with the iiml
mgompan lormeri n.m .i can ,lMk. of lmv test s10rt weiBi,t,alum or
rim-v it Olfl fsitkn hut tlvmlntipfl I phosphate jMiwdcrs. .SoM onlu fit can. Kov
nei atuitiaiiwa, out aut.nuoued i "j'uurt. Powder Co., iog Wall-st. N. Y.
it and moved to kenai, in outh- j
western Alaska. It is represented j
that they are well satisfied with J
the move. Two of the canneries f
named above have been erected ;
this year, and it is probable that
next year two or three more will
In audition to these canneries,
fish are regularly dried or salted at :
Takou, Sitka, Naha Bay, Bartlett's
Bay, Unga Island, Choumagin
Islands, and Killicnoo. At this
latter, place the Northwestern
Trading Company have quite an
extensive establishment for drying
fish and extracting oil. Dried cod
and herring, herring oil, cod liver
oil, porpoiso oil, and whale oil, are
their products. The enterprise is
a new one, but thus far has been
The German element has, from
the first, been a powerful factor in
the national development of this
country. To it we undoutedly
owe a very large share of our in
dustrial, commercial and agricul
tural prosperity. We have no ar
tificial stimulants to draw the im
grant to our shores. Ho has come
dependent for his success upon
his own industry, intelligence and
enterprise. He has brought with
him a strong physique, thrifty
habits, and a stolidity of character
that has proved an invaluable in
troduction into our national life.
The Germans, moreover, have
proved themselves singular!' loyal
and devoted to their adopted
country; .the active and decisive
part they took in our civil war is
sufficient evidence of this. Wher-'
ever they have settled, m what
ever occupation thev have taken
:cupation tliev nave taken:
r have shown themselves'
w-abiding, God-fearing and j
to be law
The Puget Sound Aryii szys:
Mount Adams, in Washington
Territory, was recently ascended
by a large party. They reached
an elevation of 1;?,G50 feet. The
crater was penetrated a distance of
100 feet. There was a ceaseless
drip of water from the roof of the
ice-encased entrance, caused by a
warm air current coming from the
slumbering fires far below, whence
a loud, hissing noise arose. A rock
hurled down produced a deafening
From a person who travels on
the road considerably, says the
Wasco S'j;f, we learn there are
many emigrant teams passing from
California to our state and across
to Washington Territory. We saw
earl' on Monday morning two,
with four horses each, driven by
two young men, who nad their
wives and children with them, go
ing to the Union street ferry to
! cross the Columbia.
nfe . STOMACH &
In chronic dyspepsia nnd lircr complaint,
and in chronic constipation and other diseas
es, llostcttcr's Stomach Dittors is boyond all
comparison the best remedy that can bo taken
As a means of restoring tho stroncth and vi
tal encrcy of persons who aro sinking under
tho debilitating effects of painful disorders,
this standard vcRetablo invigorant is confess
A Dane Seiool
Will he open every
PYTHTAN CASTLE HALL,
A. F. WAEF, Tcaclior.
Ilrass and String Band Music furnished for
Kxcursions, Parades and Parties.
lessons Riven on the Violin. Apply at
the Furniture. Store of Ed. I). CURTIS & CO.
rUOXG YEE GEE HAVING GONE TO
China has sold his Interest to Woiir
Wan, who will continue the busines under
the same slpi. He lias all kinds of Chips
goods. Tea, Uicefand Oil.
Also Agent for China Iabor.
LUM KONG GEE,
W f ROYAL Pc"? J
MOTELS AND RESTAUKaNTS.
i) a P U f?T CTnTTQl?
1 AKKL.K HUUM.j SllOD
h.b.pabker. Proi... ,
E. P. PARKER. - Manager and Axent.
Al. CROSBY. - - Day Clerk.
Phil. BOWERS, - - Night Clerk.
Ja DUFFY has the J'.ar and Milliard room.
First Class in all Respects.
FREE COACH TO THE HOUSE.
. IT IS A PACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomly Street is the Best in
He has Always on Ilnml FRF-SH
Shoiil Water Bay ami Hast
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
He lias hf ru Proprietor of Mr "Aurora
Hotel" in Knnppton seven year.
OPEN DAY AND Nl&HT.
A New Departure,
At Frank Fabro's. i daily sot a
.TABLE D'HOTE from 6 to 7:30
A FINE FRENCH DINN
With Half a Bottle Wine
m in no rurniNiieu ror . oei
Hoard liy tlie month, - S2. to
I-oduinzs can be procured bv the
week or month. My establishment is Jit
newiy inrmipnoni. anu cveryinniK m;
tallied in the best slvli
Chop House and Restaura
OPEN DAY ANU XHJHT.
meal 5 routs and upwan
A Good Cup of Coffi
POWELL WILL OPEX AX O
JjJL ter stand on next Monday, on Mam
street next to the Oregon Hakery.
She hopes careful attention will sec irv her
a .share of patronage at usual prices. 1 'i
FOARD & STOKER I
WE HAVE OPENED AGAIN
In Humc'sNew Ilnildin
And are Ready to Supply
the Wants of Our
A FULL STOCK
A . V A.II6H 5
Wholesale and retnll dealer In
GIas and Plated Ware,
TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
J. H. D. GRAY.
Wholesale and retail dealer In.
GROCERIES, FLOUR, AND FEED
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc.
LIME, SAND, AND CEMENT.
General storage and Wharfage on reason
able terms. "Foot of Benton street. Astoria
S. ARNBT & FERGHEN,
uuiiui onuu s?.
All kinds of
. Promptly attended to.
A.speclulty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Bknto?pstkkrt, Nkak Pakkkk IIousk,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
BoilerWnrk. Steamhnat Work
j:oii and port unord t'ettar.
All kinds of hoat material on hand.
V. II. BAIX CO.
I. W. OASB,
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL DEALER IN
Corner Chenamus and Cass streets.
ASTORIA ... OREGON
No. 4. Fir.st.SU - - Portland. Oregon.
Clothing mailt at reasonable prices,
and satisfaction guaranteed.
Astoria Oil Works.
.r.II. DkFORCK. Proprietor. P.O.Rox 2T,
Ilauuructurer Anil Dealer m
FISH OIL and SKID GREASE.
Loggers will find my Skirt Grease to be
goort ami cheap.
Has re-opened his
CIGAR AND TOBACCO STORE.
On the Roadway, near his old location. He
will keep the stoek of the choicest Cigars,
run! Tobnettw. nnd a full line of smokers ar
ticles, including the finest meerschaum.
pipes. He will he pleased to see his old
mends at his new stand.
W. E. DEMENT & CO.
AST01UA, - - - OREGON
Carry in Stock,
DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET
Prescriptions carefully Compounded
Brewery Beer Saloon.
The Best Beer 5 cts a Glass.
Hot Lunch every Day from 10 to 12 A. M
The best of Liquors and Cigars on hand.
A deservedly popular place of social resort
GRAND OPENING !
MAGNIFICENT NEW STORE
Will be thrown open for the inspection of
the Astoria public
Come and see the Mnest Store in the City,
CARL ADLER'S CRYSTAL PALACE!
QJELO b PARKER,
Clatsop C'ouHty.and City of Anterl'a
Office : Chenamus street, Y. II. C. A. ha
Koom No. S.
NORTHERN PACIFIC EXPRESS
Are Now ReadyiFor Business.
n-onice with Hozorth & Johns.
E. A. NO YES,
BOZORTH & JOHNS,
Real Estate and General Insurance
WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST
em. State Investment, Hamburg, Bre
men and North German fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travellers' Life
nnd Accident of Hartford, and the New
York Life, of N. Y.
We have tho only complete set of township
maps In the county, and nave made arrange
ments to receive applications, filings, ard
final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions,
Timber Lands, etc., having all the official
blanks therefor. Our maps can be exam
ined in tho office, upon the payment of a
"We also have for sale city property in As
toria and additions, and farms and tide land
Rents, and other collections made, aud
BOZORTH & JOHNS,
GEO. P. WHEELER.
WHEELER & ROBB.
Seal Estate I Insurance Melts.
"We liave very desirable property in As
toria and Upper Astoria for sale. Also, fine
farms throughout the county.
Accounts carefully adjusted and collec
"We represent the
Itoyal, Norwich Union and Ianea
shire InHnrsaee Co'a.,
"With a combined capital of $38,000,000.
Travelers Life and Accident Insur
ance Co , of Hartford, and the Man
hattan DfelaMaraace Co.,
of New York.
We are aeents for the Daily and Weekly
iVortfjimi Xewi, and the Oregon Yidette.
All business entrusted to our care will re
ceive prompt attention.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENGY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part o1 Europe.
T AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
JL well k
known and commodious steamship
STATE LTNE, RED STAR.
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Prepaid tickets to or from any European.
For full information, as to rates of fare.
sailing aays, eic, apply to
I. "W. CASE
Q 15. THOMSON,
Attorney and Counseler at Law.
Room No. e, over White House,
Atteraey at Law, axd 3fotxry
Odd FeUows Building, Astoria, Oregon.
c. w. ruivrox. o. c. rvvtoa.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and G. Odd fellows Building.
J Q.A. BOWLBY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Chenamus treet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON
ATTT AT LAW.
Notary Public, Commissioner of Deeds for
California, New xoric and Washington Ter
ritory. Rooms 3 and A, Odd FeUows Building, As
N.B.-Clalms at Washington. D. C, and
collections a specialty.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
jg C. HOLDEN,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN
C. SO ATM AX,
Physician and Surgeon.
Rooms 9 and 10, Odd Fellows Building.
JAY TUTTIiX, M. D.
PHYSICIAN AND StTRGEON
Office Rooms 1, 2, and 3) Pythian Bolld
Inj. Kesidknck Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON
Rooms In Allen's building up stairs, comer
of Cass and Sqemocq.be stret .
JR. J. B. LaFOXCE,
Room 11. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for painless extraction
MRS. T. S. JEWETT,
(Successor to Mw. E. S. "Warren.)
Dealer in Millinery and Fancy Goods.
Sqnemoqua street, nest door to Odd Fellows