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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 16, 1883)
Astoria, Oregon, Tuesday Morning, October 16, 1883
PIGS, COWS AND POULTRY.
Chehulis fanners seem to find
profit in their fnt hogs, and we see
no reason why all farmers west of
the Cascades should not be equally
successful. Some of them raise
two litters a year from- sows and
winter-feed the late pigs. The
spiing litters are fattened the same
season. We saw fourteen June
pigs at .Mr. )eversee's that were
beautiful animals, a cross between
Poland-China and Berkshire.chbf
y the first, lie expects them to
net 200 pounds in January. Their
hogs run on clover in spring and
early summer; they sow field peas
and expect to grow forty bushels
to the acre. These come on in
lots so that the pigs harvest them
as they ripen. "With the aid of the
peas the pork is so well advanced
that four to six weeks feed on
chopped wheat and oats mixed
makes first -class meat. A hog that
weighs o00 pounds live weight
costs lo and nets 200 pounds of
bacon, hams and lard, worth 27
One pork raiser told us that he
counted that the pork he fattened
cost him what he paid for some
eight cents a pound and footed
up total cost $2,550.21 ; after cur
ing he sold, and counting what he
used at home as if it had been sold,
the total value of his cured prod
ucts was $3,455.90; profit for cur
The. cost given includes salt,
sugar, lard cans, saltpeter, labor of
caring for and freight paid.
Counting four month's interest on
$2.500,. add his own time for six
weeks at $2.50 a day, as an expert,
and you have $250 to, add to the
cost and deduct from profit. . This
increases the total of cost to $2,
7S9.31, which deduct from $3,455.
00, and it leaves a profit of $GGG.
59 for the cured meat. "We may
call it 25 per cent, which is heavy
profit to make in four months, sup
posing he waits that much longer
before marketing his products.
The farmer who fattened 100
hogs last year got over $3,000 far
them, as pork products were then
high priced. He grew on his place
all that he fed them and they did
not require the yield of 100 acres.
He had to purchase salt, sugar,
saltpeter and lard cans, which was
not a heavy expense. Everything
was fed on the place and the
ground enriched by it. We often
hear it asserted that there is no
profit in fattening swine, but that
does not appear reasonable. Farm
ors in Lewis county have pros
pered on raising swine, and others
have done well on dairying.
A cow can be cared for on two
acres cf good soil; one acre for
pasture and another for hay. Any
common cow of ordiiiry capacity
for milk can make 250 pounds of
butter every year, and people
stand' ready to contract for good
butter at thirty cents the year
round. This makes $75 income
from the cow. Of course figures
cannot cover all the contingencies
possible, but can approximate to
to it. The cow also brings a calf,
and when a good grade Jersey or
Uolstein the calf can be called
worth $25. Take the present
value of cattle and the price
which good butter brings, and it
seems possible for a family of
moderate size and fair economy to
make a living off of a half dozen
good cows and a ard full of good
chickens. Taken on a large or
small scale dairying offers a sure
income to a good dairy worker.
The man who has a garden
and orchard and will raise stuff
enough to fatten a dozen hogs and
to feed half a dozen cows, can
keep a few sheep and a good lot
of laying hens and support "his
famiby well and la' up something
besides. He can raise all that he j
needs except some clothing and j
groceries. For an ordinary fam
ily $200 store bills ought to be the
limit above what the farm pro
duces. The chickens well man
aged, will give meat and eggs for
home use and add $100 to the
family income. The six cows and
their calves should be worth $400
to the tame fund after supplying j
milk and butter for home use.
The dozen pigs should bring $200
besides $1(50 value consumed by
the family. Here we have in
come $700 from products sold and
deducting $200 for family sup
plies, that leaves S500 to use in
improvements or to lay up as a
reserve fund. The garden and
orchard will furnish many things
that you can barter for supplies to
make the family more comfortable.
1 f a good worker, with wife and
family to assist, has 80 acres of
land, he can lay up something ev
ery year of his life. It looks as
if moderate success could be
made very sure.
Last year a correspondent from
Washington county wrote his ex
perience, lie purchased, chiefly
on credit, 120 acres of brush land
and went to work on it. He had
paid for his land in three years
and did not incur a single dollar of
debt. Ilis experience was very I
interesting and we knew it was j
so. lie raised a garden, nau a
few cows, fattened some pigs, sold
butter and bacon, and his wife
nearly kept the family on the pro- J
ceeds of her hen-yard. Of course !
every fanner must keep a few
sheep unless varmints make it im
possible to do so. Let us inven
tory the farm and working force:
Six good cows should be
worth (at $50) $300 00
A dozen good pigs not far
from (at $4) 50 00
Twenty-five head of A
No. sheep at (S2.50). . . G2 50
Twenty-five good hens 10 00
Total $122 50
Give a good manager a small
farm and the stock above enumer
ated and he will raise lots of stuff
and be independent from the
start. Give him a large farm and
set him to raising wheat, chiefly,
, , ..
and he will work harder with less
certainty of coming out ahead.
The railway company who own
lands in this county have with
drawn them from the market, and
when any person makes applica
tion to biry he finds that instead of
$20 per acre the condition upon
which the grant was made the
company asks from $2.fi0 to S2.
per acre. And .this is the way
with all railway companies. The
millions of acres of land given to
them was granted on the condition
that the lands should be sold to
actual settlers at not more than
$2.50 per acre. But congress, un
fortunately, failed to pass any
clause compelling the railway com
panies to sell at the price agreed
on, and they always repudiate the
contract when the settlers make
application to purchase land. In
some cases the companies say to
the applicant, "We are not selling
our land now, but you may go on
it and improve it, and in-due time
we will appraise it." The land
hunter accordingly settles on Ihe
land, improves it and the country
settres up, and after the land be
comes valuable by his and others'
labor, the company appraises it at
S10, 15 or $25 per acre, and if the
settler does not pay the price, it is
sold to some other man, and the
settler is driven 6TT the premises
by the sheriff, 'whom the railway
swiudlers call on to help them
complete their robbery.
Now, the government has given
these vast grants of land to the
railroads with the agreement that
they shall be sold to actual settlers
at $2.50 per acre, and the govern
ment ought to see that the settler
gets it at that price. The govern
ment land within the grants has all
been doubled in price to make the
government even on the lands
given away, and this double rate
for the land has to come out of the i
pocket of the settler, that is enough
to do for these greedy corpora
tions. But when they ask more
for these lands, they ask too much.
Congress ought to pass a law this
coining session to compel the rail
road companies to sell their fands
at the price stipulated in the
grants, and if they refuse to do it,
they should forfeit their right to
At the. same time congress
should, by appropriate legislation,
compel the holders of all earned
land grants to take out patents
within ninety' days or forfeit the
lands, to the end that the lands may
be assessed and the corporations
he made to bear their share of the
burdens of taxation. And all un
earned grants should be declared
forfeited, and relapse to the gov
ernment. HiU.sboro Independent.
This powder never varies. A marvel o
purity, strength and vh jlrMtmeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds and
cannol he sold in competition with the iiihI-
titmle of low test snort weight, alum or
' phosphate pmvders. sgduniu in can. koy
Al. llAKIXC 1 OWOKU Co., 100 all-st. N. Y.
j In chronic dyspepsia and liver complaint,
, and in chronic constipation and other disens
. os, Hostetter's Stomach Hitters is beyond all
; comparison tho best remedy that can bo taken
' A. a means of restoring thostrcneth and vi-
i' tal energy of persons who are finking under
the debilitating effects of painful disorder,
this standard vcgctablo inrigorant is confess
A Draw Scliool
Will be open every
PYTHIAN CASTLE HALL,
A. F. Hr.tEF. Teacher.
Brass and String Band Music furnished for
Excursions, l'arailes and Parties.
lessons given on the Violin. Apply at
the Furniture. Store of Eo. 1). CURTIS & CO.
UONG YEE GEE HAVING GONE TO
v China has sold his interest to Wong
"Wall, who will continue the business under
the same sign. He has all kinds of China
goods, Tea, Rice, and Oil.
Also A sent Tor China .Labor.
LUM KONG GEE,
&m mmsAM r
FOARD & STOKES,
WE HAVE OPENED AGAIN
In Humc'sNi'w Building
And are Ready to Supply
the Wants of Our
A FULL STOCK
Who!es;tle and ret.Ul dealer Iti
Glass and Plated Ware,
TKOPIOAL AX1 DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
Wines, Uquorsjobacco, Cigars
Scarf Pins. Chains, Watches,
Of every description.
The finest stock or Jewelry in Astoria.
S2T"AU goods warrantedasrepresentcd
GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER.
SMALL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
SPREADS AND STOOLS
Slieet Music ,
Piano, and Organ Instructors.
STECK &1NABE HAPS !
'President of United States"
"Governor of Oregon,"
And other prominent person. Pianos ami
Organs or many leading makes,
wholesale and retail,
CELEBRATED TABER ORGANS.
Largest House on This Coast.
Instruments of All Kinds Tuned
165 First St.. Portland.. Oregon.
Brewery Beer Saloon.
The Best Beer 5 cts a Glass.
not Lunch every Day from 1 to 12 A. M
The best or Liquors and Cigars 011 hand.
A deservedly popular place or .social resort.
Leinenwebcr & Co..
C I.KIXKXWKHKK. IMIOW.v
TAMERS AD CHERRIES,
Manufacturers and Importers ot
LL KINDS OK
Wholesale Dealers In
OIL AND TALLOW.
arHighest cash price paid for ntdesand
HOTELS AND KESTATJKANTS.
t 1Z, U. PARKER. Prop.,
I ASTORIA, - - - OREGON".
E. 1'. I'ARKEK. - Managerand Agent.
Al. CROSBY. - - DayClerk
rhil. BOWERS, - - Night Clerk.
Jas. DUFFY has the liar and Billiard room.
First Class in all Respects.
FREE COACH TO THE HOUSE.
IT IS A FACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomly Street is ihe Best in
litis Always on Hand FRESH
Shoal "Water Bay and "East
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
He lias becu Proprietor or the "Aurora
Hotel" in Knnppton seven years.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
A New Departure.
At Frank Fahre's. is dally set a
TABLE D'HOTE from 6 to 7:30 PM
A FINE FRENCH DINNER,
With Half a Bottle Wine
"Will lie furnished, for 30 rentH.
Konrtl by theIonth, - S2. to J?30
l-odgings can he procured by the day,
week or month. My establishment Ls fitted
newly throughout, and everything main
tained in the heststvle.
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPKX DAY AND NIGHT.
Meals 25 cents and. upwardH.
. i:oui,aki. -
JIAI.Y STitEET. - -
- - - ASTORIA.
A Good Cup of Coffee
MKS. POWELL WILL OPEN AN OYS
tor stand on next Monday, on Main
street next to the Oregon Bakery.
She hopes earelnl attention will secure her
a shan- of patronage at usual prices. i-lm
Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
Wnntt lc!iverecl to Order,
Graying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIOUORS AND CIGARS.
L. W. CASE,
I.Mi'iiKTKU ANU WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL UKALEIt IN
''orner Clienainns and Cass streets.
MERCHANT TAIL OB,
No.4. First St., - - Portland. Oregon.
Clothing made at reasonable prices,
and satisfaction guaranteed.
Astoria Oil Works.
J. II. DEFORCE. Proprietor, P.O.Box 251,
manufacturer and. Dealer ir
FISH OIL and SKID GREASE.
Loggers will find my Skid Grease to be
good and cheap.
Thursday.. October 11, 1883.
Monthly tickets cm he obtained at the
o disreputable characters will be al
lowed. O. W & A. E. ROSS,
S. AENDT & EERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made ol repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Benton Strkkt, Near Parkkh Housk,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
LAND anil IABIE ENGINES
BoilerWork, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. Of all Descriptions made to Order
at Short Xotlce.
A. D. Wass. President;
.1. G. Hustlkii, Secretary,
I. W. Cask, Treasurer.
C. H. BAIN & CO.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms
Turning, Bracket Work.
A specialty, and all work guaranteed.
Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumber; Oro
pon and Port Orford Cedar.
All kinds of boat material on hand.
C. IX. BAIN & GO.
LOEB & CO.,
AGENTS FOR THE
Best San Francisco Houses and
Tumblers Decanters, and All
Kinds of Saloon Supplies.
""All goods sold at San Francisco Prices.
Opposite Parker House. Astoria. Oregon.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGEHOY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part o1 Europe.
1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known and commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Prenaid tickets to or from anV Kiirnneftn
For full information as to rates of fare.
sailing days, etc, apply to
I. W. CASE.
BOZORTH & JOHNS.
Real Estaie and General Insurance
ASTORIA, - Oregon.
WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST
em. State Investment, Hamburg Bre
men and North German Fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travelers Life
and Accident of Hartford, and the New
York Life, of N. Y.
We have tho only complete set of township
maps in the county, and nave made arrange
ments to receive applications, filings, and
final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions,
Timber Lands, etc. having all the official
blanks therefor. Our maps can be exam
ined In the office, upon the payment of a
We suso have for sale city property in As
toria and additions, and farms and tide land
Rents, and other collections made, and
Q B. THOMSON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
Room No. 6, orer "White House,
Attorney at Iaw, axd. Notary
Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Oregon,
C. W. FULTON". O. C FULTON.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and C. Odd Fellows Building.
J Q. A. BOWLBY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Chenamiu treet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON
Q J. CURTIS,
ATTT AT LAW.
Notary Public, Commissioner of Deeds lor
California, New York and Washington Ter
ritory. Rooms 3 and 4, Odd Fellows Building, As
N.B.-Clalm3 at Washington. D. C, and
collections a specialty.
TV. I. NICHOLS, s. K. ABELS.
NICHOLS & ABELS,
Attorneys aad Causelsrs atXaw.
Room 4, White House, - Astoria, Oregon.
Fractice In all the Courts, Federal and
State, of both California, and Oregon.
8"French and German spoken.
V. AliliES ,
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
JJ V. HOLDES,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN
JE. X. C BO ATM AX,
Physician and Surgeon.
Rooms 9 and 10, Odd Fellows Buildtajr,
JAY TUTTIiE, M. D.
PHYSICIAN AND SUBGEON
Office BJ&oms 1, 2, and 3. Pythian Build
lag. Residence Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
JP P. KICKS,
ASTORIA, - OREGON
Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, corner
of Cass and Sqemocqhestret .
JQK. J. E. LaFOSCE,
Room 11, Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for painless extraction
Q.ELO F. PiRgBK,
Clatsop Gewaty.aad dtjref Astoria
Offlee ; ChfinflmiM utrpnt. V V fi A ha
Room No. 8.
NORTHERN PACIFIC EXPRESS
Are Now Ready For Business.
ar01Bce with Bozorth & Johns.
GEO. P. WHEELER.
W. L. ROBB.
WHEELER & KOBB.
Eeal Estale I tarw Apts.
We have very desirable DroDertv In As
toria and Unner Astoria for sale. Also, fine
farms throughout the county.
Accounts caremuy adjusted: and collec
We represent the
K3al, Norwich. UhIsx aad. JLaBca
a aire iBsaraaee Co'.,
With a combined capital f S38,Q0e,004.
Travelers JLife aad. Accident Insur
ance Co , or Hartford, and the Man
hattan lilfe Insnraaee Ce.,
of New York.
We are agents for the Daily and Weekly
KorUnce&t News, and tie Oregon Videite.
All business entrusted, to our care will re
ceive prompt attention.
ams. T. S. JEWETT,
(Successor to Mrs. E. S. Warren.)
Dealer In Millinery and Fancy Goods.
Squemoqua street, next door to Odd Fellows
W. E. DEMENT & CO.
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON
Carry in Stock,
DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET'
Proscriptions carefully Compounded