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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 14, 1883)
Astoria, Oregon, Sunday Morning, October 14, 1883
THE CASCADE LOCKS.
A few veaYs ago when Francis
Kernan, then United States sena
tor representing the great state of
New York in congress, asked an
Orcgonian whether the Columbia
was navigable above Astoria, he
was informed that the length of
the river was estimated to be 1400
miles and navigable to a point
more than 700 miles distant from
Astoria. Above the mouth of the
Willamette, 100 miles from the
sea, the river is generally roclcv- and
rapid, especially so at the Cas
cades, The Dalles and Priests
Kapids. Those natural obstruc
tions overcome or avoided, Oregon
and "Washington would have ad
vantages for transportation of their
productions to market unexcelled
if not unrivalled in any part of the
Besides much work done by au
thority of the general government
and under the direction of officers
of the arm' on the several divis
ions of the river, greatly relieving
it of sunken dangers, the most im
portant undertaking has been the
work at the Cascades. They are
located at about 1G0 miles distant
from the light houses and forts at
the mouth of the river. Portland,
on the Willamette, is Co miles dis
tant towards the west; The Dalles
50 miles beyond towards the cast.
u December, 3S72, and repeatedly
thereafter, Senator J. H. Mitchell,
of Oregon, urged before congress
the importance of constructing a
canal at the Cascades. His efforts
to secure an appropriation were
finally successful. From a report
made by the chief engineer of the
army to the secretary of war Octo
ber 12th, 1877, we learn that dur
ing the year a survey had been
made "of the country on the Ore
gon side of the river bordering on
the Cascades; a careful rcconnais
sauce on the Washington Territory
side, and a hydraulic survey of the
river above and below the falls."
The first appropriation, by act ap
proved Aug. 14, 1870, was $90,
000; the amount expended to July
1, 1S77, the end of the fiscal year,
was $4,G1G.G5. From official sources
to JSS2 (since then from synopsis
of engineer's report published in
newspapers), we learn that the
total amount appropriated to June
o0, 1SS3, was $805,000; total ex
penditures to same date, 725,760;
balance unexpended July 1, lSSo,
beginning of fiscal year, 679,234.
Estimated amount required to
complete the work is $1,G55395.
Concerning the correctness of these
figures it will be seen that the
amount expended added to the
amount (estimated) necessary to
complete, makes a total of $2,381.
101. That the people of Oregon were
in earnest in their desire to have
the locks constructed, it is only
necessary to state that on October
20, 1S7G, a law was passed by their
legislature (with only one dissent
ing voice) authorizing the United
States to take proceedings for con- j
damnation for all lands required for
canal purposes, providing such
property could not be purchased.
Ultimately forty-three acres were
purchased from the Oregon Steam
Navigation Company with perpet
ual right of way across their land
to the county road, and the use of
their house as long as the work
was in progress, for Sj574.
The original plan adopted gives
the length of the canal 7200 feet,
width, at bottom, 50 feet ; at top,
5S feet; depth at low water, S feet;
two locks, each 50 feet wide and
o00 feet long, with lifts of 12 and
14 feet respectively. That plan
n has been enlarged upon so as to
make the prism of the canal 70
feet in width and doors of corre
sponding size will be required at
A friend informs us that "the
work is slowly progressing in that
deliberate manner characteristic of
all national enterprises when ap
propriations made from time to
time become exhausted before an
other can be secured." We quote
the following from the pen of the
editor of the Springfield Republi
can, who, as a gnicst of Mr. Vil
lard. visited Oregon last year:
"The enterprise is at present a
mistake; it was originated for po
litical purposes and is kept up on
the bread and circus principle
which is at the bottom of millions
of government appropriations."
Of course, from one who has seen
only through glasses furnished by
the 'benevolent monopoly we can
expect nothing but misrepresenta
tion of anything which perhaps
seems to interfere ivith the abso
lute possession of the entire coun
try by the railroad kings, but the
people of Eastern Oregon and
Washington, ignoring any and all
party prejudices, demand that the
work be pushed to completion as
speedily as possible so that they
may have some relief from 'the
policy of oppressive and exhorbit
ant rates so long and vigorously
applied by the overland railroads
terminating in San Francisco,' and
with which the roads represented
b Mr. Yillard seem to have en
tered into partnership. If there
is 'political purpose1 in our posi
tion, and if the term 'bread and
circus principle1 is intended to
cover the prosecution of the works
with scorn, so let it be. We are
indeed looking out for the bread
and butter interests of our people
and doubt not but the' are as
legitimate as the pursuit of Mr.
Villard's cakes and ale.v Wnmut
Language ot the Moustache.
Even the moustache has its his
torj' to tell concerning the charac
ter of its wearer. When it is rag
ged and, as it were, flying hither j
and thither, there is a lack of prop- j
er self-control. V lien it-is straight
and orderly the reverse is the case, j
other things, of course, taken into j
account. If there is a tendency to i
curl at the outer ends of the mous
tache, there is a tendency to am
bition, vanity or display. When
the curls turn upward there is gen- j
liUilV, CUIUUllUJU 11111 iur Ul HJJ-
probation ; when the curls turn
downward there is a more sedate
turn of mind not unaccompanied
with gloom. The reverse quality
is well indicated by the common
portraits of Shakespeare, who was
as much noted for geniality ami,
cheerfulness in life as those quali- '
ties are manifested in his writings, j
It is worthy of remark that good j
tempered men will in playing j
with a moustache, invariably give I
it an unward inclination, whereas I
cross-grained and morose men will
pull it obliquely downward.
Why He Made No Outcry-
"1 have told' you boys a dozen,
times to keep away from this door,"
said a merchant, 'and the next
one of you T catch hanging around
here will get a warming that he'll
The boys went awa', frightened
at the threat of the angry man.
After a while a little fellow, wear
ing a ragged jacket, came along
and stood on the forbidden ground.
"Move on away from there!"
exclaimed the merchant.
The boy remained standing,
looking up and down the street.
"He is determined to steal some
thing," said the merchant. I'll fix
him," and taking up a piece of
barrel hoop, he rushed out, seized
the boy, and began to strike him.
"Oh, you are a stubborn little
brute," he said, when the boy
struggled but made no outcry.
"There now, if you come back'
again you'll get twi?e as much."
The child crossed over to the!
opposite side of the street and
stood rubbing his eyes. He look
ed so little and ragged, so hungry,
that the merchant's heart smote
him for his cruelty.
"I'm looking for a little boj',"
said a woman, stopping in front of
the merchant's door. "His father
was killed dar " before yesterday
by a railway train, and since ihen j
he wont stay in the house. Some
times he enters the yard as though
forgetful of his great loss, but
suddenly remembering, he bursts
into tears and runs away. His
mother has been dead for years,
and his father was the only human
being he cared for. It is almost
impossible to make him understand
what death is. Yonder he stands,"
pointing, "the poor little fellow is
deaf and dumb." Opie, Head.
One of our sportsmen went out
a few days ago for the purpose of
bagging a few prairie chickens,
and after traveling over the reser
vation for a while brought up in
an Indian's stubble field, where he
came across a flock of birds, and,
desiring to get as many as possible
out of this lot, blazed away with
both barrels. Whether or not he
killed any birds we did not learn, '
but he was looking around for the !
killed and wounded when a party ;
of Indians came rushing upon him j
and took his gun, wanting to khow
what he meant by setting their
iieldontire,and telling h,m that ,
tiiu uuai wmi" iii; tcuiu uu nuum
be to go to work and put out the
fire. Glad enough he was to get'
away with his life, and to work lie
went, the Indians not attempting j
to assist in the least, but sut down ;
and bossed the job. After he was
through they gave him his gun and '
told him to "git for home.' It is:
said that he made locomotive time
down the track and reached home
tired outan(i thoroughlv disgusted
j AbS0!llt6!y PlIFGa
This powder never varies. A marvel o
purity. strength and wlnlesomeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot be sold in competition with the mul
iiiuui' oi low i cm. siiori iveiuui. mum ur
phosphate powders. Snldonlu in can. Roy-,'
i. Baking PowDEit Co.. loc Wall-st. X. V.
King of the Blood
Is not a "cure all," It is a blood-purifler and
tonic Impurity of the blood poisons the sys
tem, deranges the circulation, and thus In
duces manv disorders, known by different
names to dlstlURuUli them according to ef
fects, bat being really branches or phases of
that great generic disorder. Imparity or
Itlood. Such are Dypcpia, HUlloumc,
JAtcr Complaint, ConttipaWm. Xerwu Dis
order. Hcadaclit, Backache, General Weak
Tic. Heart DlMaz,Dropy, Kidney Dieae,
Pile, Rheumatism, Catarrh, Scrofula, Skin
DlAnrder, Pimple. Ulcers. Sicelling, tc.
tc Kins of the Blood, preveuts and
cures these by attacking the cause. Impurity
of the blood. Chemists and physiciaus agree
In calling It "the most genuine and efficient
preparation for the purpose." Sold by Drug
gists, JS1 per bottle. See testimonials, direc
tions, &c. In pamphlet, "Treatise on Diseases
ot th Blood." wrapped around each bottle.
I). ItANSOM. SON & Co..Props
Buffalo, N. Y.
V ft DnvAi p I
FOARD & STOKES,
WE HAVE OPENED AGAIN
In IIuiufisev IJuilriiiif;
And are Ready to Supply
the Wants of Our
A FULL STOCK
A. V. Allen,
Wholesale and retail dealer lu
Glass and Plated Ware,
TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
Wines, Liquorsjobacco, Cigars
j "TTT T T T) V7
u All YV J2J JLi L- JL
Scapf pj Qj WatcheS,
Or every description.
The finest stock of Jewelry in Astorhu
E2T"A1I goods warnuitedasrepresented
GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER.
P I A
SMALL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
SPREADS AND STOOLS
J Piano, and Organ Instructors.
! DiacMant nf llnUnrl Cfofno"
i itoiutiik ui uiiiicu omica
"Governor of Oregon,"
j And other prominent ersons. Pianos and
Orpins of many lending makes.
wnoiesau: ami retail,
CELEBRATED TABER ORGANS.
Largest House on This Coast.
Instruments of All Kinds Tuned
165 First St.. Portland. Oregon.
- r r
The Best Beer 5 cts a Glass.
Hot Lunch every Day from 10 to 12 A. M
The best of Liquors and Cigars on h:ind
A deservedly popular place of social roort.
Leinenweher & Go-.,
C. I.KIKKNWKItKlU . MtOWN
Manufacturers and Imimrtors ot
LL KINDS OF
Wholesale Dealers in
OIL AND TALLOW.
sarHlghesLcash price paid for Hides and
"fELS AND RESTAUKANTS.
II, li. t A It It E It. Prop.,
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON.
E. 1. PARKER, - Manager and Agent.
AI. CROSBY. - - Day Clerk
Phil. BOWERS, - - Night Clerk.
Tas. DUFFY has the Bar and Billiard room.
Pirst Class in all Eespects.
FREE COACH TO THE HOUSE.
IT IS A FACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomly Street is the Best in
ir has Always cm Ilaiul FRESH
Shoal AYnter Bay and East
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
Hr has been Proprletoripr the "Aurora
Hold" in Knappton hcvch years.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
A New Departure.
At Frank Fabre's, is dally set a
TABLE D'HOTE from 6 to 7:30 PM
A F I NE FRENCH DINNER,
With Half a Bottle Wine
IVIli he furnished for 50 cents.
Hoard by the month, - S2. to S30
Lodging aui be procured by the day,
week or month. My establishment is fitted
newly tlinmpliout. and everything main
tained in the beststvle.
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
Ulenls rents ami upwards.
M MS STKEKT,
A Good Cup of Coffee
Mi:S. POWELL WILL OPEX AN OYS
ter stand on next Monday, on Main
street next to the Oregon Bakery.
She liopes careful attention willsecure her
a share of patronage at usual prices. l-lm
Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
Wood !'Mvercd to Order.
Graying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WIKES, LIQUORS AND C1CARS.
1. W. CASE,
I.MPtiKTKl: AND WHOLESALE AND UE
VAIL DEALER IN
Corner Chenanias and Cass streets.
ASTORIA - - - OREGON
'o.4. First St., - - Portland. Oregon.
Clothing made at reasonable prices,
and satisfaction guaranteed.
Astoria Oil Works.
J. II. DkFOKCE. Proprietor. P. O. Box 2M,
IHauufhcturer and Dealer in
FISH OIL and SKID GREASE.
Loggers will find my Skid Grease to he
good and cheap.
He State M
Thursday, October 11, 1883.
Monthly tickets cm be obtained at the
No disreputable characters will be al-
S. ARNDT & EEECHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
All kinds ot
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Bextox Street, Neak Parker House,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
BoilerWork, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
Of all Descriptions xaade ta Order
at Short Xotlce.
A. D. "VYass. President.
J. G. Hustler, Secretary,
I. W. Case, Treasurer.
C. H. BAIN & Gi.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms
Turning, Bracket Work.
A specialty, and all work guaranteed.
Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumber : Ore
gon and Port Orford Cedar.
All kinds ot boat material on band.
C. H.BA1X A; CO.
LOEB & CO.,
AGENTS FOR THE
Bast San Francisco Houses and
Turn brers Decanters, and All
Kinds of Saloon Supplies.
E9-A11 goods sold at San PrancLsco Prices.
Opposite Parker House, Astoria. -Oregon.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part oi Europe.
1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOTfflNG
well known and commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Prepaid tickets to or from any European
For full information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
I. "W. CASE.
BOZOETH & JOHNS.
Real Estate and General Insurance
TITE WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST
T V era. State Investment, Hamburg, Bre
men aud North German Fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travelleis' Life
and Accident of Hartford, and the New
York Life, of N.Y.
We have the only complete set of township
maps in the county, and nave made arrange
ments to receive applications, nlings. and
final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions,
Timber Lands, etc.. bavins all the official
blanks therefor. Our mapsxan be exam
ined in the office, upon the payment of a
We also have for sale city property in As
toria and additions, and farms and tide land
Rents, and other collections made, and
Q K. THOMSON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
Boom No. c, oyer "White House,
Si AT. HUDSON,
Attorney at Law, aad. STetsry
Odd Fellows BuUdisgi Astoria,. Oregon,
ATTORNEY AT LAW. .
RoomiSahd c. Odd Fellows' Building.
J Q. A. BO WEB IT,
ATTORNEY" AT LAW.
Caenamus treet, - - ASTORIA,' OREGON .
ATTT AT LAW.
Notary Public, Cfiminissloner of Deeds for
California. Nhw Ynrt auH Washington. Ter
nKooms 3-and 4. Odd Fellows Ball ding, As
N.B.-Clalms at W&shlngfoa. C and
VT . -I. NICHOLS. 8. K. ABKIA.
NICHOLS & ABELS,
Attorneys aadCoaaseltrs at .Law.
Boom 4, White House, - AstorJa,,Oregoa.
Practice in all the Courts, Federal and
State, of both California, and Oregon.
WFrench and Germ an spoken.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION ANli. IN
' SUEANOE AGENT.
JK. X. C. B O ATM AX,
Physician and Surgeon. '
Rooms 0 and 10, Odd Fellows BuDdraff,
JAY TUOTJiE. M. D. ,
PHYSICIAN" AND SUKSJM
O stick Boona 1, 2, and 3. Py till an Build
ing. SxsiDKf ck Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
ASTORIA, - OREGON
Rooms In A1Iar'i Knt!dlno- tin atalra mm
of Cass and Sqemocqbe stret .
J)K. JT. JE. LaFOSC,
Room ll. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria. Or.
Gas administered for naintMa rtrnMinr'
Glataep Ceaaty.aaA City t Astsrla
Office : Chenamus street, Y. M. C. A. ha
Boom No. 8.
NORTHERN PACIFIC EXPRESS
Are Now Ready For Business.
70 (See with Bozorth & Jehas.
E. A. NOYE8,
OKO. P. 'WIIEELEB. W. L..BOBB.
WHEELER & KOBB.
REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE, AND
Real Estate bought and sold on Commis
sion. Accounts adjusted and Bills collected. -Correspondence
from abroad solicited.
JSy-Offlce in Hume's new building, on Sque
moqua street, next door to Foard & Stokes.
Xx. X. TolajBioxa.,
Has re-opened his
CIGAR AND TOBACCO STORE,
On the Roadway, near his old loeation. He
will keep the stock of the choicest Cigars,
and Tobaccos, and a full line of- smokes' ar
ticles, Including the finest meerschaum
pipes. He will be pleased to see his old
friends at bis new stand.
MBS. T. S. JEWETT,
(Successor to Mrs. E. S. "Warren.)
Dealr In Millinery aad Fancy Goods.
Squemoqua street, next door to Odd Fellows
W. E. DEMENT & CO.
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON
Carry in Stock,
DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET"
Prescriptions carefully Compounded