Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 5, 1883)
Astoria, Oregon. Friday Morning, October 5, 1883
A MONTANA CIT'S'.
The evolution of the North
American city may be studied to
better advantage along this route
than anything else. We touch,
towns at every stage of develop
ment. The youngest settlements are
on the newest part of the line,
and that is on the west slope of
the Jiockies, between Terra Firma
and Missoula. Here 3'ou survey
the town in its earlest infancy.
There is a railroad station with a
name and a siding and nothing
further. A canvas-top wagon
stands near the track. Four hors
es or mules are tethered close by.
The settler has driven stakes and
pitched a comfortable tent, large
enough to contain two black wal
nut bedsteads, a table and other
furniture. His wife sits in a rock
ing chair near the flap, watching
the train as it passes. From two
to a half-dozen youngsters 'are
tumbling around in the sun. The
cook stove is outdoors, with such
other property as cannot be stored
m the tent. The citizen him
self is not far off, hard afrwork al
ready upon the frame of the build
ing in which he expects to make
his permanent residence. Then
comes another wagon with more
household furniture and children.
The location of the second tent as
in'relation to the firstperhaps deter
mines the bearings of the main
business street of the city. By
the time there are three or four
wagons on the ground, and two or
three frame buildings in process of
construction, another sort of tent
appears as if by magic, with "Sa
loon" in big letters across the
front. Cowboys begin to ride in
and bur whisky. The town be
comes a point of commercial- im
portance. The saloon tent is the
germ of the future board of trade.
Now wo get by rapid strides to
well established communities,
which date their origin ten or
twelve months back, like Glad
stone and Dickerson, in Dakota,
and Billings and Livingstone in
Montana. If built on the prairie
they look like toy villages arrang
ed by a child on a brownish yellow
carpet. The prairie towns of Da
kota have a more orderly and at
the same time a less real appear
ance than the valley settlements of
the neighboring territory. It
seems indiscreet to leave them out
at night on the wild-swept plain.
The first street is always par
allel with the railroad track, ex
tending each way from the sta
tion. The second street runs off
at right angles, and if the growth
of the town continues it usually
in time becomes the more import
ant highway. Other streets are
laid out, right and left, shanties
and brick buildings spring up
side by side, and in a few months
the real estate agent is prepared
to exhibit a city map, plotted on a
scale that "would suit a place with
20,000 inhabitants, and to give
you your choice of town lots at
from $25 to 2,000 apiece. It is
only about a year since the first
house was erected in Billings.
Now there are nearly 500 houses,
and the population is well up to
2,500. It has a brick church, a
bankj several schools, three news
papers, three hotels, and a horse
' railroad. Statistics of population,
however, are of trifling value in
towns that double their inhabi
tants in a few weeks or a few
The social and business devel
opment of the town generally fol
lows in this order: Saloons, stores
in which the necessaries of life are
sold, gambling establishments,
daily newspapers, school houses,
a bank, a church, a wholesale
store, a jail. For a time the sa
loons and the newspapers struggle
for numerical supremacy. The
appearance of the jail marks a dis
tinct epoch in the crystallization
of society. The jail at Living
stone, the newest of the cities, was
just finished, and had no inmates.
Tt is a one-story stfticture of brick
and stucco, standing next door to
a log house with red shades in Hie
windows and this sign over the
door: ".Miss Crickett's Palace."
The jail at Bozeman,which is com
paratively an old place, contained
twenty-seven prisoners, seven of
whom were held for murder.
lrillan7 Excursion isi ot y. Y.
Result of the Conference.
Rates from the east to Portland
and San Francisco shall be the
same, as well as those from San
Francisco and Portland east by
either route. All goods or passen
gers travel to Portland from the
east by way of the Southern or
Central Pacific road shall go by
the Northern Pacific company's
steamers, and the water tariff shall
be paid by the Southern roads out
of the regular rates received. The
Northern Pacific thus secures the
water tariff on all Portland-bound
goods. Eastern bound canned
goods .from Astoria are to be car
ried from Portland by way of the
Central and Southern roads at the
same rate as by the Northern Pa
cific direct. All goods and pas
sengers from the California roads
to Seattle, Tacoma and other
points on Puget Sound, are to go
by the Northern Pacific's steam
ships, and pay to the company's
ships the regular water tariff from
San Francisco or Portlan J, in ad
dition to the regular rates to those
places, and all trade with other
points reached by the Northern
Pacific Railroad is to pay rates
fixed by that road. The Northern
Pacific, therefore, retains exclu
sive control of the trade of Oregon
and Washington Territory, with
the exception of east bound canned
goods from Astoria and the Port
laud trade. But in California out
side of San Francisco, the North
ern Pacific is at lihert to seek
trade in any port that can be
reached by its steamships, and it
is agreed that its goods can be
shipped to any point on the Cali
fornia railroads by adding the reg
ular open tariff rates. In the case
ol places which have botli water
and rail communications, the extra
freignt from the east by the
Northern Pacific will not, it is ex
pected, be very great. In all
cases of goods between San Fran
cisco and Astoria, the Northern
Pacific gets compensation for wa
It was also agreed that all rates
are to remain as at present, and
there will be no change in the bus
iness of the other roads,everything
mainining as it has been hereto
fore, the conference leaving
simply fixed the status of the
Northern Pacific. All contracts
now existing shall be maintained,
and shippers under contract shall
have the option of shipping over
any of the overland linns, the
Northern Pacific giving issued
bills of lading covering the entire
water transit. There shall be no
rebates allowed, 110 commissions
given, and no passes granted for
It is thus seen that there can be
no competition between the dif
ferent transcontinental roads In
the matter of fares and freights,
no reductions or rebates being al
lowed, and the rates being fixed
for Portland and San Francisco.
It now remains for the Northern
Pacific to compete with the other
roads in the matter of time and
service. In these respects it is
probable that the other roads will
find a lively competition, and as j
time is money, the public may ob- ;
tain its advantage in that vaiua-
ble commodity. The average ;
time that freight is on the
road from the east is not far from
four weeks; but the Northern Pa
cific will run regular freight trains I.
between St. Paul and Portland in j
seven days and one-half. This
will secure them the trafic of the
east with Oregon, Washington i
Territory and northern regions.
This is doubtless correct, unless
the southern roads run their
freight trains faster than ten
miles an hour, and it is probable
that shippers will save the inter
est on their money by shipping
over the Northern Pacific. This
northern road will prove to be, in
this respect, a formidable compe
te the southern roads, even in
Lost River, Idaho, is a hydraul
ic curiosity. The Idaho States
man says of it: The stream is
larger than Wood river, and flows
with a good current between firm !
and solid banks until it reaches
the lava plains, where it has here
tofore been thought to disappear
in the rock. This has, however,
been found to be an error, as the
course of the stream can be easily .
traced some twenty miles further,
flowing through a cleft in the lava,
having changed its course to the i
northeast, and at last flowing close
to the foothills, sinks in an open
sagebrush plain. Some twenty-;
five miles beyond Arco, which is
situated in the lower part of the
Lost River Valley, is what is
known as Little Lost river.
This stream also ends its course
by being lost, or sunk iu the lower
i Judge Swan, who has passed
j some months on Queen Charlotte
j island in the interest of the Uni
!ted States fish commission, re-
turwed to Victoria on Wednesday.
He reports the discovery of a new ;
inlet on one of the Queen Char- j
lotte group, which offers a harbor
i rf rnfnnrn in fili?ufr niu mornlmnt '
1 vessels. Mr. Swan also reports'
! the discovery of a new food fish,
which he calls the black cod. He
says it is one of the finest fish he
has ever seen. It is caught in
j great numbers by dredging in
deep water, and when salted is
more tender and palatable than
codfish. Great quantities of whales
j and fur seal are seen off the group.
This powder never varies. A marvel o
purity, strength and whalesomeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot be sold in competition with the mul
titude of low test short weight, alum or
phosphate powders. Sold onlu in rnrw. ltov
AI. Bakixo rowDKitCo.. 100 Wall-st. N. Y.
Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes
Meerschaum and Brier Pipes,
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY
Revolvers and Cartridges.
Wiiol wait and ratal! leRler lu
Glass and Plated Wars.i
TltOlMCAI. AN) DOMESTIC
FRUITS AMD VEGETABLES.
Wines, LiquorsfobaccoXig- rs
FOABD & STOKES,!
WE HAVE OPENED AGAIN
In IIumc'sNew lStiiltIii:r
And are Ready to Supply
the Wants of Our
A PULL STOCK
J Jli VV -Mi JLi Xl-
Scarf Pins. Chains, Watches,
Of every description.
The finest stock of Jewelrj In Astoria.
J3yAll goods v.-arrantedasrepro:tMiteil
GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER.
Jn chronic dy?pcpia nml liver complaint,
and in chronic constipation and other diseas
es, HostottersMomach Hitters is beyond all
comparison tho lC5t rcmodv Hint can betaken
g CELEBRATED 1( A !
this standard readable invizorantisennfo:"-!
A'llr tininiinliil !
T A IT
i SMALL MUSICAL 1NSTRU.M KSTS ,
SPJtEAJDS AND STOOI.S
Piano, and Organ Instructors.
STECK & KNABE PIANOS !
"President of United States"
"Governor of Oregon,"
And other prominent persons. Pianos ami
Organs of many leading makes,
wholesale and retail.
CELEBRATED TABER ORGANS.
Largest House on This Coast.
Instruments of All Kinds Tuned
165 First St., Portland, Oregon.
Asameansof restorins the strength and vi-!vr;nES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.
lal cnerey of persons who aro sinking under,
thodebilitatins effects of painful dUorders. i KIUST CIjASM
MOTELS AND RESTAURANTS.
SI. b! PA5IKER. Prop.,
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON.
E. P. 1WIIKER, - Manager and Agent.
jAI. CKOSBY, - - Day. Cleric
j Dill. HOWEIIS, - - Night Clerk.
! Ja. DUFFY has the Bar and Billiard room.
j First Class in all Bespects.
FHKE COACH TO THE IIOU5E.
IT IS A FACT
j . THAT
jjEFF'S CH.0P HOUSE
Concom.y Street is the Best in
has Always on Hand FRESH
Shoiil Water Bay and East
;JEFFr? IS THE BOSS CATERER.
Be U:i been Proprietor or the "Aw-ora
Ilnlcl In KaappfoB seven years.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
;Chop"House and Restaurant.
i OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
3Imi!s 2o cents and upwards.
I . EOUIiAKD,
! MXIS STKEET. -
! . . .
- - ASTORIA.
I OYSTER AND COFFEE HOUSE.
Has re-opened at Ins old stand In Dr. Kln
t XI E NOW HAS THE FINEST FCBNI-
a1 ture, and accommodations of any res
taurant in town. Nothing lias been spared
! to make it first -class,
; Irlrnfe Unouisfor Ladies or Families.
j Oysters cooked to order in any of Frank
Kahrc's celebrated styles.
Ice Cream, Ice, Etc.
Icest furnished rooms, irood clean
beds, and best accommodations for lodirers
over the restatiraut
A Good Cup of Coffee
71 TiJS. rOWKLL "WILL OPEN AN OYS
UJL tcr stand on next Monday, on Main
-trwt next to the Oregon Bakery.
She hopes careful attention will secure her
a "lari of patronage, at usual prices. l-lm
May, .Oats, Straw.
ume. isr;cK, uemem; ana Sana
IVootl Iellered to Order,
Druying, Teaming and Express Business.
. Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
I DRAt.KU IX
I. W. CASE,
rvruKTKK ANI WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL DEALER IN
''onicr Chenainus and Cass streets.
ME E CHANT TAILOE,
No. -I. First St.. - - Portland. Oregon.
Clothing made at reasonable prices,
and satisfaction guaranteed.
Astoria Oil Works.
J. IT. DkFOKCE. Proprietor, I. O. Box 254,
ainuufnctnrer and. Dealer ib
FISH OIL and SKID GREASE.
Loggers will find my Skid Grease to be
good and cheap.
General Commission Brokers.
Ofllce on Genevieve street, In the rear of
K. j:. iiawes' uuiiumg.
A General Agency business transacted.
S. AKNDT & EEEGHEN,
ASTOBIA. . OSEGON.
The Pioneer Machine SHdp
All kinds or
Promptly attended to.
A specialty mads ol repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTX STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Bextox Stiuekt, Ksab Pabkkk Hocss.
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
CEHERAL MACHINISTS AHD
BoilerWork, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. Ofall Descriptions saade ta Order
at Short Xetice.
A. D. Was s, President.
J. G. Hustler, Secretary,
I. W. Cask, Treasurer.
C. H. BAIN &
DBA LRUS IK
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms
Turning, Bracket Work.
A specialty, and all work guaranteed.
Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumber ; Ore
con and Fort Orford Cedar.
All kinds of boat material on hand.
C H. BAIX & CO.
LOEB & CO.,
AGENTS FOE THE
Best 8an Francisco Houses and
Tumblers Decanters, and All
Kinds of Saloon Supplies.
A11 goods sold, at San Francisco Prices.
Opposite Parker House, Astoria. Oregon.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
I AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known and commodious steamaaln
STATE LINE, BED STAB,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Prepaid tickets to or from any European
For full information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
I. W. C A SE
BOZORTH & JOHNS.
Real Estate and General Insurance
WE WBITE POLICIES IN THE WEST
em. State lntestnient, Hamburg, Bre
men and North German Fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travellers Life
and Accident Of Hartford, and the New
York Life, of N.Y.
We have the only complete set of township
maps In the county, and nave made arrange
ments to receive applications, filings, and
final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions.
Timber Lands, ettx, having all the official
blanks therefor. Our mapsean be exam
ined in the office, upon the payment of a
"We also have for sale elty property in As
toria and additions, andiarms and tide land
Bents,, and other collections made, and
BOZORTH & JOHNS,
Q B. THOMSON,
Attorney and Ctunsetor at Law.
Boom NorS, oTerWiiteHsuse,-
ASTORIA OKEGON, '
Attraeyat Xsw,saa NmUay
Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Oregon,
f tv. nriiToar,
ATTORNEY 2.T LAW.
Booms 5 and 6, Odd Fellows Building.
J Q. A. BOWLBF,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Chenamuar treet, - - ASTOBIA, OREGON
Qm J. Ctr,TU9,
ATTT AT LAW.
Notary. PubMc-Commlssloner of. Deeds for
CallTonria, New York aad WaaMngton Ter
ritory. Booaa 3 and 4. Odd F611sw3-Building, As
N.Br-ClalHa at Washington. D. C, and
collections a specialty.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
J C. HOLDEI,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN
SUBANCE AGENT. -
jtjk. ar. c boatman.
Physician and Sargeon.
Booms 9 and lo. Odd Fellows BuUdlae,
JAY TUTTIiB, Ms D.
PHYSICIAN AND SUEGBOB
Office Rooms 1, 2, and" 3, PythlaaBulld
ing. RuflrDKKCs Over J. E. Thomas Druz
JP P. MICKS,
ASTOBIA, --. - OKEGON
Booms la Allen's building up stalls, corner
of Casaand Sqemocqha stret . '
J)K. J. E- IaFOCC,
Room ll. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for ralnlMs
Clatsep CemBty.aaCCIty ef Astoria
Office : Chenamos street, Y. M. C. A. hall
Boom No. 8.
Ship and Steamboat Joiier.
NORTHERN PACIFIC EXPRESS
Are Now Ready For Business.
s-Offlce with Bozorth & Johns.
E. A. NOTES.
Q KO. !. WUKELEB. W. L. BODB.
WHEELER & EOBB.
REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE, AND
Real Estate bousht and sold on Commis
Accounts adjusted and Bills collected.
Correspondence from abroad solicited.
QfOmce la Hume's new building, on Sque
moqua street, next door to Foard & Stokes.
Xi. X. 3o2ao:b.,
Has re-opened his
CIGAR AND TOBACCO STORE,
On the Boadway, near his old location. He
will keep the stock of the choicest Cigars,
and Tobaceofr. and a full line of smokers' ar
ticles. Including the finest meerschaum
Ei pes. He will be pleased to see his old
lends at his new stand.
NEAT, CHEAP AND QUICK. BY
Main Street, opposite N. Loeb's.
MRS. T. S. JEWETT,
(Successor to Mrs. E. 8. Warren.)
Dealer In Millinery and Fancy Goods.
Sqnemoqua street, next door taOdd Fellows
Gas and Steam Fitting
DOSE BY BUDDOCE: & "WHEELEB. AT
fair rates. Also a complete stock ot
goods In our line. Estimates given and
Caas street. In rear ot I O O F building,
aext to Gas Go's oBlce
" 9 '