Vol. XIX. Astoria, Oregon, Weduesday Morning, September 12, 1883. No. HO. THE WOMEN OP THE SOUTH. Whenever the demagogue of northern politics grows weary of Ku-Klux in the south, lie assails southern women, He claims that they were enthusiastic over se cession, encouraged rebellion and that they still hate the '-Yankee" with a bitterness almost personal ly dangerous. The first part of the charge is true the latter an outrageous slander. Modern his tory cannot name a war in which the wives and mothers and sisters and daughters of an army were more enthusiastic and self-sacrificing. To the men of the south the war was the solution of a political problem. To the women it seem ed an attempt of the north to con quer and desolate the country. They firmly and earnestly believed that the south had long been op pressed, and that the war was to further abridge rights and liber ties. Believing this it 'may be safely asserted that nineteen out of every twenty women in the south were Tioj&ns to their cour age, Spartans in their fortitude and Romans in their faith and self-sacrifice. Husbands and fath ers and brothers wore made rea(ly for war and given a woman's blessing, and even had the Con federate conscription act been less stringent the able-bodied man who shirked military service could not have lived at home for the taunts of the women. History will never detail the self-sacrificing and heroic courage of southern women. No matter as to the right or wrong of the cause they believed it was right. The blow fell upon the family household early and with full force. In Virginia seven out of ten families were without men folks at home within three months from the first battle. Father and sons went together. The wife and mother gave all she had, and then turned to face further anxie ties. There were thousands of women in the Old Dominion who had never laced their shoes or combed their hair. The slave was at hand to obey every nod. These women sent their husbands and sons to the front and then faced the question of food .supply. Tn many cases the slaves ran away. When this occurred the women went into the fields and put in such crops as they could. Where the slaves remained the mistress was forced to act as her own man ager and overseer and assume all responsibility. There are plenty of Federal troopers still living who found educated and cultured southern women wielding hoes and holding plows in the corn fierd within six months of the open ing of the war. It was the Southern women more than the provost marshals who checked desertion and made the offense odious. The Confeder ate who left the front without leave found no welcome outside of his own family. He who came home by authority and with a wound to attest his bravery in action, was a hero until duty com pelled his return. No man ever saw a night so wild that a southern woman would not face it to carry news to Con federate soldiers. Every woman was a scout and a spy. If the mother could not go the daughter was sent. If there was no (laugh ter a dispatch or message was hurried oif by a negro or a signal was made. They came to accu rately estimate the strength of marching columns, to identify one make of guns from another in the batteries, and where scouts and spies could not go the women could. It was a woman who saved Mosby again and again. It was a woman who told General Jackson the exact strength of the federal force at Front Royal before he fell upon it m carrying out his valley cam paign. It was a woman who told Early just "how Sheridan's army was distributed at Cedar Creek, and there was scarcely a battle on Virginia's soil with which women had not something to do as the bearers of information. Once en listed in the cause thev did not know what despair was. They sent their bedding to the hospitals, their provisions to the army, and their jewelry to a buyer of Con federate arms in Europe. When the Confederate government could not furnish rations the Confeder ate women did. I have asked hundreds of Con federate soldiers how they made a start after the war, and in nearly every instance the answer began with: "Well, my Avife, you know " His wife had been the power to brace him up for the new start in life. The home was in ashes, the farm grown up to briers and the country overrun with outlaws, but the wife's words of hope and en couragement set the returned soldier to work. With auv other class of women the south would have been built up by the inch in stead of the foot. As they were enthusiastic in war, sp also are they heroines in peace. Jn the real southern woman's heart there is no hatred of northerners. There is not even distrust Or suspicion. In her parlor may hang portraits through which Sherman's men thrust bayonets, but her pleasant est letters are mailed to and re ceived from friends in the north. The war as a war is buried and forgotten, or if bitter memories force themselves to the surface there is no heartburning for vengeance. Jf. Quad. Ambitious Women in Colorado. Practically, a woman's life is only about half as long as a man's, and ten years of her prime are worth all the rest of it put togeth er. In nine cases of ten she comes here young, hopeful, and frequently, handsome; willing to help her husband make a fortune that will keep them in affluence in the home of their preference. Long before the fortune is made the wind and sun have got in their work upon her complexion. Her hands and face are hardened by toil; all the intense determination required to bring and keep her here is chiseled in so many lines in her face. She has forgotten how to dress hersell, has lost all pride in appearance, and the wo man who does not know how to put on her clothes is about the most unprepossessing object under heaven. If the husband dies, she takes up the business where he left off and makes a success of it. We hear of it back in the states. praise her, possibly envy her the "wild, free life," but when she has finished the task she set for her self she is spoilt for everything else. This applies ol course, to those who live on the plains, far from the cities. Where there is nothing else to do, and a necessity lor doing sometmng, it is very courageous, in a man or woman to come here and do just these things, and stay as long as may be required for the purpose set, but let not luxurious ignorance im agine that there is an3'thing exhil arating about it; and, after all, there is scarcely one of these sue cessful ones that by the same braver' and patience at home could not have achieved as much, without losing the advantages that have been denied them in their isolation . Co uricr Journal. The Mule-Whacker and the Major Maj. Sanger, who is known in military slang as a "bantam." was returning one day from Bis marck to Fort Lincoln, and the ambulance in which he was riding was dela3'od by a team and wagon driven by one of the class known as mule-whackers. The driver of the ambulance and the mule whacker got into a wordy alterca tion, and Maj. Sanger got very indignant at what he believed to bo impertinent language and uu warranted interference in his jour ney. He jumped from the ambu lance, a Tom Thumb in size, but a Goliath in fury, and exclaimed: "Get that wagon out of the way." The unule-whacker looked at him quizzically- and asked: "Who the devil are you?" "I um Maj. Sanger, of the arm, sir, and I want you to get that wagon out of the way." The mule-whacker ejected a mouthful of tobacco into the road and remarked: "Do you know what I will do with 3'ou, Maj. Sanger, of the army, sir, if you don't make less noise with your mouth?" "What will you do?'" inquired the Major, looking as large and fierce as possible. "I'll set a mouse-trap and catch you, Maj. Sanger, of the army, sir, and give you to my puppy to play with." Russia's Designs Upon Bulgaria. London, Sept. 10. The PosCx Berlin dispatch says: "Russian officers in Bulgaria are acting in a thoroughly revolutionary manner, and do not even disdain a coali tion with the Nihilists. It is feared their action will bring back a crisis that will lead to the re opening of the whole eastern ques tion. The Telegraph's Vienna special, referring to the affairs in Bulgaria, says it can be positively stated, that the object of Russia is to get rid of Prince Alexander and place its own nominee upon the throne. None of the powers will, however, tolerate the usurpation of the throne of Bulgaria by a Russian pretender, even if he should provo to be Grand Duke Sergius or Grand Duke Paul. The Standard's Berlin dispatch states that the joining of Rouman ia in the alliance with Austria and Germany is an answer to Russia's coup d'etat in Bulgaria. The cor respondent adds that the relations now existing betweeu Germany and Russia are more than cold, and says it is reported that Rus sians are concentrating an armed force north of the river Pruih. R Absolutely Pure. This powder never varies. A marvel o purity, strength and wlnlesomencss. More economical than tho ordinary hinds, and cannot be sold in competition with the mul titude of low test short weight, alum or paospnate powuers. soiaonitiui cam. j.ov al Baking Powder Co.. iog Wall-st. X. Y. King of the Blood Is not a "cure nil." It is a blood-purifier and tonic Iinnnntvof llinlilond nnfcnim tlu:!. tern, deranges the circulation, and thus in duces many disorders, known bv different names to distinguish them according to ef fects, but being really branches or phases of that great generic disorder. Impurity ox ISlood. Such are Dysjcpta, BQlioitsne, ja vcr complaint, constipation, jscrtoux via order. Headache. Backache. General Weak- nets. Heart Dizca.ic,Dropu, Kidney Dicae, Pile, Itheumatbtm, Catarrh, Scrofula, Skin Disorders, Pimple. Ulcer. Swelling, etc. l-c. Kins: or the .Blood prevents and. cures these by attacking the caue. Impurity of the blood. Chemists and physicians agree in calling it "the most genuine and efficient preparation for the purpose." Sold by Drug gists, SI per bottle. See testimonials, direc tions, &c. In pamphlet, "Treatise on Diseases ol th Wood." wrapped around each bottle. 1). RANSOM. SON & Co.. Props Buffalo, N. Y. SOLID GOLD JEWELRY Scarf Pins. Chains, Watches. Of every description. The finest stock of Jewelry In Astoria. car-All goods warrantedasrepresented GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER. Pto,R THE GREAT -i jjf uLnMAN REMEu b. MEUMATII Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago, Backache, Soreness of the Chest, Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell-' ings and Sprains, Burns and Scafds, General Bodily Pains, Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted Feet and Ears, and all other Pains and Aches. No Preparation on earth cqctls Sr. Jacocj 0:l as a Mafe, sure, simple and etieap External Bemedj-. A trial entails but the corapaiatiTely trifling outlay of 50 Cents, nd erery cne inner tag with p&ia caa bare cheap ind 'vitxre proof of its claims. Directions in Elsren Language. BOLD BY ALL DBUGGISTS AHD DEALEE3 IK MEDICINE. A, VOGELER & CO., Ealtimorc, JTtf., V. S. A. From Maine comes the story that a certain local Democratic leader called upon Blaine at Au gusta, and was confidentially in formed by him that in his (Blaine's) opinion, if Governor Butler could secure reelectiou in Massachusetts this year he would inevitably' become a Democratic nominee for president, and be elected. Blaine added that he himself was out of politics, and should, under no circumstances be in the field for the presidency next year. A LETTER FROM GERMANY. : . kn, January 0, 1SS2. Wry fMeciiRtl .sir: The praise your Liver Pills lmvo culled forth here is wonderful. After taking one and a half boxes of your genuine I)K. C. aicIuVNK'S L.IV12K I'lLLS, 1 haw en tirely recovered from niy four years mi tier ing. All who k.rv)w me wonder how I, who, for so many years, had no appetite. aim count not sieep ior uacKneue, Miw-li in my side, and general stomach nmi plaints, could have recovered. An old lady In our city, who ha; -yi:'eretl for many years from kidney H.nvo. and the doctors had given her up, took t v.o of your Mils, and got more roller Hum ln has from nil the doctors. Yours irn i v. J. VON DKi: V.KIW. BEWARE OF IMITATIONS. The genuine are never sugar-coated. Every box has n red wax seal on the IM. with the impression: McLanc's IJvr PHI. The genuine Mcl.ANK'.S LlVKi: PJI.LS bear tho signature of C. 3IcLnr and Fleming Iiro. on the wrapiers. Insist upon having the genuine Jit. C. MeLANK'S IAVJSIt PILlS, pre-mred lv Fleming Bros., of Pittsburgh, Pa.. !!:" market being full of imitations of name McLanc, spelled differently, but of same pronunciation. If your storekeeper does not have the cc n nine DR. C. IUcLANK'K CHI.J; u::atei j.ivkr pilts, semi us yr, cents, and wc win send you a box bv mall, and n set of our advertising cards. FLE3UNG BROS., Pitlslmrgli. Pa. TO THE TRADE ! Messrs. Wm. E. Hooper & Sons BALTIMORE, ftlB., Have Riven us the EXCLVM VE SAI.K Tor Pacific Coast of their Celehratetl "WOODBEEEY ' J" TWINES 1 HOPE, Including a Full Line ol COTTOH SEINE TWINES, WRAPPING TWINES, SAIL TVIKES, ETC. In addition to above, we have on hand a Complete Assortment of Needle Brand Seine Twines. Palmetto Seine and Wrapping Twines. HENRY DOYLE & CO. 517 and 519 Market Street. SAN FRANCISCO. Notice of Sale. miHS IS TO NOTIFY ALL PERSONS JL that the undersigned has sold all his in terest in the China garden near the "Wash ington cannery, to three Chinamen: their, names are Wong See Gutn. Wong Ing Gum, and Gong Tong Jung, and tliev will make garden in that place. CIlAKLEY. Astoria, September 5th, ISS5. l-wk Notice to the Public. ALL PARTIES INDEBTED TO ME ARE notified that I have placed my accounts in the hands of Shelman E. Morton, for col lection. Any account remaining unpaid after the 30th of this month will he handed to my at torney for leal action thereon. X.JOHAXSEX. m ( rl ELS AND RESTAURANTS. PARKER HOUSE, 11. IS. 1'ARKP.H. Prop.. ASTORIA, - - - OREGON. E. P. PARKER. - Manager and Agent. Al. CROSBY. - - Day Clerk Phil. BOWERS. - - Night Clerk. Ja. DUFFY has the Bar and Billiard room. Pirst Gla3s in all Eespects. FilEi: COACH TO TIIE HOUSE. IT IS A FACT -THAT JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE OX ' Conconily Streei is the Best in Town. THAT !3 has Alivnjs on Hand FRESH Shun! "Water "Bay and East cm Oysters. THAT "JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER. -THAT He ha brcn Proprietor of the "Aurora Hotel" Id Knappton seven years. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. COSMOPOLITAN Chop House and Restaurant. OPEN DAY AND NIGnT. Uleal.s . rciits and upwards. G. r.OUli.VUD, - - Proprietor. 31.1 1.Y STUF.ET. ----- ASTORIA. DK.Vr.KK Cf Hay, Oats, Straw. Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand tt'ooil Zollvercd to Order. Graying, Teaming and Express Business. Horse3 ana Carriages for Hire. iiKAr.Rii nf WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS. v'XKST CI j ASS I. Yvr. CASE, IMl'OKTKlC AND WHOLESALE AND tt& VML DEALER IN UAL MCHAMSE 'Viruci Chcnamus and Cass streets. STO!UA OREGON NORTHERN PACIFIC EXPRESS COMPANY Are Now Ready For Business. iVS-Oniro with Rozorth: Johns. E.A.NOYES, Agt. A. . Allen, Y"!n'fcStfe and refHll dealer in MILL FEED. Glass and Plated Ware, TKOPJCAL AND DOMESTIC FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. Together with Wines, LiquorsJobaccoXigars Grace Church Parish School. Hear o Church Building. THIS SCHOOL WILL BE-OPEN MON dav, Sentember3.iSS3, The moral train ing of the chUdreu will be carefully watched, and made a special point. In addition to the ordinary course of study there will be instruction In the elements of Vocal llu Nlr, Urawlns: and Calisthenics. If foiuul desirable or expedient, classes will be formed In Higher Mathematics, Botany, As tronomy, Advanced Music and Drawing, for which light extra charges will be made. Terms $2 a month, strictly In aUvance. OFFICERS. REV. M. D. WILSON. - - Hector MISS ANNIE "W. CORTIS, - Principal MIS3M.C.TRENCHARD, - Assistant For fnrther particulars apply to REV. U.D.WILSON. 8 5 Sa -I WIIiIiIAM HOWE DEALER Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber. All kinds of OaK LUMBER, ; GLASS, Boat Material, Etc. s Boats of all Kinds Made to Order. -Orders from a distance promptly attended S. ARNDT & JFERCHEN, ASTORIA. - OREGON. The Pioneer Machine Shop BLACKSMITH SHOP AXD Boiler Shop All kinds of ENGINE, CANNERY, AXD STEAMBOAT WORK Tromptly attended to. A specialty made of repairing CAJifNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Bectox Street, Near Parkkii nousK, ASTORIA. - OREGON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LAMailARfflEEMES Boiler Work, Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. Ofall Hescriptlons made to Order at Short Xotloe. A. I). Wash, President J. O. nusTLEn, Secretary, I. V. Case, Treasurer. .IOHK Fox, Superintendent. LOEB & CO., JOBBERS IN WINES, LIQUORS, AND CIGARS. AGENTS FOR THE Best San Francisco Houses and Eastern Distilleries. Tumblors Decanters, and All Kinds of Saloon Supplies. BPAU goods sold at San Francisco Prices. MAIN STREET. Opposite Parker Houso, Astoria, Oregon. BUY THE BEST ! BARBOUR S Irish Flax Salmon Net Threads Woodberry, and Needle Brands, SEINE TWINES. AND CORK 1KB LEAD LIKES, Fish Pounds, HcincH, and Xets Imported, to Order. A. Larce Stoctof Nettinff, EislLines AND FISH HOOKS. CONSTANTLY ON HAND. HENRY DOYLE & CO., 517 and 519, MARKET STREET SAN FRANCISCO. STAgents for tlio Pacific Coast. F0AED & STOKES, WE HAVE OPENED-AGAIN In IlumeVs Mew building. And are Eeady to Supply the "Wants of Our Customers. A FULL STOCK OF Fresh Groceries. IX AND Bracket -Work A SPECIALTY." to, and satisfaction guaranteed In all cases BUSINESS OAKDS. Q IV. FUJbTOX, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Rooms 5 and 6, Odd Fellows Building. Astoria Agent Hamburg-Magdeburg and German-American FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. C. UOLDEX, NOTARY PUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN SURANCE AGENT. JAY TUTTIiE, 31. . PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Office Rooms l, 2, and 3, Pythian Build Ins. Residence Oyer J. E. Thomas' Drug Store. Q.3iI.O V. 1'AItSKK. SURVEYOR OF Clattjop County, and City of Astoria Offlce :-Chenamus street, Y. M. 0. A. hall Room No. 8. P. 1IICKS, PENTIST, ASTORIA, - - - OREGON Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, corner f Cass and Sqemocqhe stret . ATTORNEY AT LAW, Chenamus treet, - - ASTORIA. OREGON J J.JOSES, STAIR- BUXHDER, Ship and Steamboat Joiner. jyu. J. E. riaFOKOH, IEXTIST, Room 11, Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or. Gas administered for nalnless extraction of teeth. Q J. OUilTIS, ATTT AT LAW. Not:rv Pnhlln. fTnmmfssifnnpr nf rfrli fnr California, New York and "Washington Ter ritory. Rooms 3 and -I. Odd Fellows Buildlnjr, As toria. Oregon. N. I!. Claims at Washington. D. C, and collections a specialty. GKO. P. WIIEELER. W. I.. KOBB. WHEELER & R0BB. GENERAL REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE, AND COLLECTION AGENTS. Real Estate bought and sold on Commis sion. Accounts adjusted and Bills collected. Correspondence from abroad solicited. C3?"0nlce in Hume's new building:, on Sque moqua street, next door to Foard & Stokes. GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY. Biiis of Exchange on any Part ol Europe. I AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING well known and commodious steamship ines, STATE LINE, RED STAR, WHITE STAR, IIAMBURG- AMERICAN, DOMINION LTNE, NATIONA L. and AMERICAN LINE. Prepaid tickets to or from any European port. For full information as to rates of fare, sailing daj-s, etc, apply to I. W. CASE. B0Z0RTH & JOHNS. Real Estate and General Insurance Agents. ASTORIA, Oregon. WE WRITE POLICIES IN TIIE WEST ern. State Investment, Hamburg, Bre men and Nortli German Fire Insurance Com panies, and represent the Travellers Life and Accident of Hartford, and the New York Life, of N.Y. We have the only complete set of township maps in the county, and have made arrange ments to receive applications, filings, and final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions, Timber Lands, etc., having all the official blanks therefor. Our maps can be exam ined in the office, upon the payment of a reasonable fee. We also have for sale city property In As toria and additions, and farms and tide land property. Rents, and other collections made, and loans negotiated. BOZORTH & JOHNS, PLUMBING, Gas and Steam Fitting DONE BY RUDDOCK & WHEELER. AT fair rates. Also a complete stock of goods In our line. Estimates given and work guaranteed. Cass street, in rear of I O O F bnlldinsr. next to Gas Co's office.