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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (July 25, 1883)
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Astoria, Oregon, Wednesday Morning, July 25. 1883.
WONDERS OF SCIENCE.
Curious Effects of Heat and Cold
Tricks of Jugglers.
The effects of heat on some
substances is truly wonderful. Its
effects are of five different kinds:
expansion, which changes tke
size of bodies; liquefaction and
vaporization, which changes their
form; incandescence, which
changos their color; and combus
tion, which changes their nature.
Atoms in violent vibration by heat
urge each other apart, and cause
the body to which they belong to
occupy a greater space. Heat,
therefore, opposes cohesion. Sol
ids, in which cohesion is strongest,
expand the least under the influ
ence of heat; liquids, having less
cohesion, expand more; gases and
vapors, in which cohesion is entire
ly wanting, expand the most. Heat
converts some solids into liquids,
liquids into gases and vapors b'
weakening their cohesion. It
turns ice, for example, into water,
and water into steam. All solids
except clay are expanded by heat;
but not equally. Of the metals,
zinc is among those that expand
most. Clay is contracted by bak
ing, and ever afterwards remains
so; this is supposed to be owing
to a chemical change produced in
it by heat. The expansion of
solids is illustrated by a brass ball
suspended from a pillar, to which
is also attached a ring just large
enough to let the ball pass through
it at ordinary temperature. Heat
the ball with a lamp placed be
neath, and it will expand to such a
degree that it can not pass through
the ring. Let it cool, and it will
go through as before. A sheet
iron stove in which a hot fire is
quickly kindled or put out, some
times makes a crackling noise, in
consequence of the rapid expan
sion or contraction of the metal.
A blower placed on or taken from
a hot fire produces a similar noise
for the same reason. New furni
ture standing in the sun or near a
fire is apt to warp and crack in
consequence of the expansive ef
fect of heat. When boilinc: water
is poured into china cups and glass
vessels they often crack. This is
because the inner surface is ex
panded by heat, while the outer is
not, china-ware and glass being
bad conductors. The unequal ex
pansion cracks the vessel. Cold
water poured on a hot glass or
stove produces the same effect.
On the same principle glass chim
neys are apt to crack when
brought too suddenly over the
flame of a lamp or gas-burner. A
cut made in the bottom with a
diamond allows an opportunity for
expansion aud prevents the chim
ney from breaking. When a glass
stopper becomes fastened in a
bottle it may often be withdrawn
by placing the neck of the bottle
in warm water. The neck is ex
panded before the heat reaches
the stopper. The force with which
a body expands when heated, and
contracts when cooling is very
great. In iron bridges, therefore,
and other structures in which long
bars of metal are employed, there
is danger of the parts separating,
unless provision is made for the
expansion caused by a rise of tem
perature. The middle arch of an
iron bridge has beep known to rise
an inch in the summer of a tem
porate climate. So, when great
lengths of iron pipe are lain for
conveying steam or hot water,
sliding joints must be used, or the
apparatus will burst in conse
quence of the expansion of the
metal. The fact that heat expands
bodies and cold contracts them
is often turned to practical
account. Coopers, for instance,
heat their iron hoops, and while
they are thus expanded put them
on casks which they thus fit. As
thoy cool, they contract and bind
the staves tightly together. The
wheel-wright fastens the tire, or
outer rim of iron on his wheel in
the same way. The contraction
of iron, when cooling, has been in
geniously used for drawing togeth
er the walls of buildings that have
bulged out and threaten to fall.
Several holes are made opposite
each other in the walls, into which
are introduced stout bars of iron,
projecting on both sides, aud ter
minating at each end with a screw.
To each screw a nut is fitted.
The bars are then heated by
lamps placed beneath, and when
they have expanded the nuts are
screwed up close to the walls.
As the bars cool they gradually
contract, and with such force as
to bring the walls back to a per
pendicular position. Liquids
when heated, expand much more
than solids, but not all alike. Thus
water, raised from its freezing
point to a temperature at which it
boils, has its bulk increased one
twenty-second; alcohol, between
the same limits, increases one
ninth. The higher the tempeia
ture the greater the rate at which
liquid expands. In proportion as
heat expands liquids it rarefies
them, the same quantity of matter
being made to occupy a larger
space. This fact is shown in the
process of boiling. Water at
certain temperatures forms a re
markable exception to the general
law that liquids are expanded by
heat and contracted by cold. As
it cools down from the boiling
point it contracts, and consequent
ly increases in density, until it
reaches thirty-degrees, or seven
degrees above its freezing point.
Below this temperature it expands.
The expansion of water in freez
ing is proved every winter by the
bursting of pipes, pitchers, ere,
containing it. The force with
which it expands is tremendous.
Strong metallic vessels have been
known to burst asunder with a
loud report by the expansive force
of water while freezing. When a
liquid is converted into a solid the
heat no longer needed to oppose
cohesion is given out. Extreme
cold is thus modified by tin
very act of freezing. When a
solid is rapidly melted, so much
heat is absorbed by the liquid that
intense cold is produced. This is
the principle upon which freezing
mixtures operate. Ice cream, for
instance, is frozen with a mixture
of salt and snow or pounded ice;
the latter is rapidly melted, and
so much heat is absorbed in the
process that the cream is brought
to a solid form. This process of
vaporization is no lesss wonderful,
heat, applied to a solid, first ex
pands it, then melts it, and finally
turns it into a vapor. Sometimes
solids pass at once into vapor,
without becoming liquids. A
great degree of heat is essential
to vaporization. At ordinary
temperatures, wherever a surface
of water is in contact with the
air, vapor is formed. This pro
cess is known as spontaneous
evaporation. By this means the
atmosphere becomes charged with
moisture, and clouds and dews are
formed. The drier the air, and
the more it is agitated so as to
bring fresh currents in contact
with the liquid, and more rapidly
does evaporation take place. A
drop of water let fall on a cold
iron moistens its surface; let fall
on a very hot iron, it hisses and
runs oft without leaving any trace
of moisture. In the latter case
the water does not touch the iron
at all, but it is separated from it
by a thin layer of vapor into
which a part of the drop is con
verted by the heat radiated from
the iron. Laundresses try their
irons in this way to see if they are
hot enough for use. On the same
principle, jugglers plunge their
hands into melted metal with im
punity, by first wetting them.
The moisture on their hands is
converted into vapor, which keeps
the seething metal from their skin
for a sufficient length of time to
enable them to perform the trick.
John Carr Moody,Counsellor at
Law,Vallejo, Cal., says that he
suffered seven 'ears from a cruel
joint trouble rheumatic in its na
ture and exceedingly painful.
Commander Coghlau, of the IT. S.
Navy, strongly urged him to use
St. Jacobs Oil. After continuous
use of the remedy the effect was
so wonderful that he must congrat
ulate himself specially, and the
human race generally, on the per
fection of the product.
RVT. ItlTIIAXAN KF.AI.
My soul to-day
Is far away,
Sailing the Vesuviau Bay;
My winged boat,
A bird atloat,
Swims round the purple peaks remote:
Hound purple peaks
It sails, and seeks
IJIue inlets and their crystal creeks.
Where high rocks throw,
Through deeps below.
. duplicated golden glow.
Far, vague and dim
The mountains swim;
While on Vesuvius' misty brim.
With outstretched hands.
The jxrav smoke stands.
' O'erlooking the volcanic l.tinK
Here Ischia smiles
O'er liquid miles;
I And yonder, bluest of the i.sle.s,
I Calm Capri waits.
Her sapphire gates
liguiHiig to lier bright estatrs.
I heed not, if
My rippling skiiT
Float swift or slow from cliUT to cliff;
With dreamful eyes
My spirit lies
Under the walls of Paradise.
Under the walls,
Where swells and falls
The bay's deep breast at intervals,
At peace I lie
Blown softly by,
A cloud upon this liquid sky.
This day, so mild,
Is Heaven's own child.
Willi earth and ocean reconciled;
The airs I feel
Around me steal
Are murmuring to the murmuring keel.
With dreamful eye
My spirit lies
Where summer sings aud never dies
O'erailed with vines,
She glows and shines,
Among her future oil and vines.
Yon deep bark goes
Where traffic blows,
From lauds of sun to land of niiows;
This happier one
Its eourse to run
From laud of snow to laud of sun.
The fisher's child.
With tresses wild.
Unto the smooth, bright sand beguiled,
Willi glowing lips
Sings as she. skips
Or ga7.es at the far off ship.
Oh, happy ship,
To rise and dip,
Willi Hie blue crystal at your lip.
Oh, happy crew,
My heart with you.
Snlls. and sail, and siiigsauew !
No more, no more
The worldly shore
Upbraids me with its loud uproar!
With dreamful eyes
Mj spirit lies
Under the walls of Paradise.
This powder never varies. A marvel o
purity, .strength ami wlnlesomeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot be .sold in cniimeiition irilli the mul
titude of low test short wight, alum or
pnospmue powders, xouianlu in can. Kov
A l. ItAKlMi 1'OWDKK Co.. IW Wall-.sL X. V.
King of tlie Blood
Is not. a "cure all." It Is a blood-imrifiprnnd
tonic. Impurity of the blood poisons thpsys
tem, deranges the circulation, and Urns in
duces many disorders, known bv different
names to distinguish them according to ef
fects', but being really branches or phases or
that great generic disorder. Impurity or
Itiood. Such are Dyspepsia, llllllousncis.
Liver Complaint, Constipation, Xcrcou Dis
onhrs. Headache, Backache, General Weak
ness. Heart Disease, Dropty. Kidnejl Disease,
Pile, Rheumatism, Catarrh, Scrofula, Skin
Disorders, Pimples. Ulcers. SicclUngx, Ac.,
Ac. Itins of the .Blood prevents and
cures these by attacking the cause. Inipuritv
of the blood. Chemists and phvslcians agree
in calling it "the most genuine" and efficient
preparation for the purjose." Sold by Drug
gists, SI per bottle. See testimonials, direc
tions, &e., iu pamphlet, "Treatise on Diseases
of th Mood." wrapped around each bottle.
D. RANSOM, SOX & Co.. Props
Buffalo, X. Y.
Notice of Application to Purchase
LAX!) OFFICE AT VANCOUVER, W.T.,
May 15. 1683.
Notice Is hereby given that In compliance
with the provisions of the Act or Congress
approved .June a, 1878. entitled "An act for
the sale o timber lands in the states or Call
rornla, Oregon, Nevada, and in Washington
Territory." Itlchard Spencer, of Multnomah
County. Oregon, has this day filed m this
ofllee his application to purchase the north
east oX section 10. township 9 north, of
range f west or the Willamette Meridian.
Testimony in the alwve case will be taken
before the Register and Recelverat Vancou
ver. Wash. Ter on Saturday, the 28th day
Any and all persons having adverse claims
to the above dcjcribed lands, or any portion
thereof, are hereby required to tile their
claims in this office within sixty (GO) days
from date hcreot.
FRED. W. SPARLING,
buiLon's Cure will immediately
relieve Croup, whooping cough- and
Bronchitis. Sold by W. Dement
Backache, Soreness of ihe Chest,
Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
No Preparation on earth equals Sr. J a com Oil
bj a safe, sure, simple aud cheap External
Itemrdr. A trial entaiU bnt the comparatively
trifling outlay of CO Cents, end every ona inher
ing with pain can ba.ro cLeap end ruitiro proof
cf its claims.
Direction in Elaren Languages.
SOLD BY ALLBEUQQISTS AM) DEALEB8
A. VOGEXJBR & CO.,
Haiti more, 2Zd., V. H. A.
"It ir the little bits ov things
that fret and worry ns," says Josh
Billings; "we kan dodge an ele
phant, hut we han't a Ily."
Uknts: A I tout nine years ago I httt -i
child two years olil and utmost li-;ul. The
doctor I lil iiUendinn her could ihi tell
what ailed her. 1 asked him if he did nm
think it was worms. lie -.said m How
ever, litis did not satisfy me, as I f i con
vinced in my own mind that !ir li .!. I
obtained a bottle cf I)K. V. M LANirs
CI2r.KUUATKI VKRJIIf CGCigenuiiic;
1 gavo her a teaspoouful in the morning
and another at niuht,aftorwlili hslioitn-scl
seventy-two worms and -was a well child.
Since then I have never lieou.rl(liotit It
in my family. TUe licfilth or my liillun
remained so good that 1 had negki ted
watching their actions until altout tht. o
weeks ago, when two or them presented
the same sickly appearance that Fanny
did nine years ago. So I thought ii must
lie worms, and went to work at once with
n l lllc of Dlt. C. JIcLAXIi'S VKimi
l'UC.K lctwcen four of my children, their
:igA being as follows: Alice, S years; l liar
' -y, 4 years; Kmma.Gyears; John. years.
Now if mies the result : Alice and Kmma
canieotit all right,but Charley imset! forty
live and Johnny altout sixty worms. The
result wis so gratifying that I spent two
days in showing the wonderful ctfif! of
your Vermifuge around t'tlcsi. and now
have Ihu worms on exhibition in my store.
Yours truly, JOHN PIPKK.
The genuine JK. C BLANK'S VKK
M I ri'iS K is manufactured only by
Fleming Bros., Pittsburgh, Pa.,
it nd liear the signatures of C. 3IoI-aiie
ami Fleming Knx. It 1 never made In
si. intls or Wheeling.
1" ure you get the genuine. Price,
cent" : Ixdtle.
FLK3II3K; IH10S., rittshurgh, Pa.
A.M. Johnson &Co.
A FULL LINE OF
i 1 i! tr t
Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes
Meerschaum and Brier Pipes,
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY
Revolvers and Cartridges.
SASH AND DOOR FACTORY.
AND PLANING MILL.
A full stock or home uiauiiraetnred nu
constantly on hand.
Special Attention given to Orders.
All work guaranteed. Your patronage so
rilHE BAKEKY OX CI I EXAM US STREET
X foimerly owned by Chas. Carow. has
been bought by Chas Eberle. who will Iihiv-
arter conduct it.
Good Itrcad a Specialty.
The public trade solicited.
T71011A TERM OF YEAltS, 2 LOTS OX
f tliA V 1? wirnpr of hlnM.- J llalu
Jefferson streets. McClnrcs Astoria. Apply
Mf-TKLS AND RESTATJKAOTS.
A. ASsr.l.I., manager.
AHTOK1A, - - - OREGON.
FIRST CLASS HOTEL.
Al.l V.OOKRX IMPROVEMENTS.
5IOT AS1 COT.T BATHS.
None But White Help Employed.
WTKEE COACH TO TFIE HOUSE.-
IT TS A FACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomly Street is the Best in
U has AIwnj-.H oh Hand FRESH
Shoal Water Bar aiitl East
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
IIc hat been I'ruprletor of the "Aurora
Hotel" In Kunppton seven years.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
ROSCOE'S FIRST CLASS
(MIKXAMUS STREET, ASTORIA.
THE UNDERSIGNED IS PLEASED TO
announce to the public that he has op
lEggvtinsr House ,
And Tarnishes In tlrst-clnss stylo
OYSTERS. HOT COFFEE TEA. ETC
Ladies' and Gent's Oyster Saloon,
Pleaie. give me a call.
ROSCOE DIXON, Proprietor
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT,
steals 2," cents anil upwards.
U. WHdlflOX & G. BOILLARD,
Ji.VI.V STKEKT, ASTORIA.
Relltted throushfiut : thcJTable supplied
with the hot : the beds clean and comfort
able. A First rclass House.
Hoard by the week.
Meals "to order.
J. G, ROSS, Proprietor.
NEVILLE & CO.
Pacific Net and Twine Co.
Sax Francisco, April llth,l8S-'t.
For general convenience,
vc have sent a supply of No. ao, 12-plj-
i?miinc Scotch Salmon Net
Ttviiie. to the care of A. .M". JOHNSON
fc CO.. Astoria, which will be sold at
low enough figures to make it an object
for all net menders to use it for repairs,
in place of the more costly Xo. 40, 12-
Fishermen who have heretofore nsed
Hits grade of twine for repairs, claim
that the durability of the patch is equal
to the balance of the net, after the latter
has had a few weeks use. We think it
will be money in your pocket to try it.
For prices and samples apply to
A.M. JOHNSON & CO.,
Seville & Co. Sole Agents, I Franei.co
31 and ."3 California St. j 3a" ""'C"00-
No. 40 I2-Ply
COM Ml! LEAD LINES,
A Full Stock Now on Hand.
HENRY DOYLE & CO.,
SJ1 .Harket Htrect, Man FraaclMeo
Sole Agents for the Pacific Coast.
Hardware ai Ship Claiillerj.
A. VAN DUSEN & GO,
Hardware and Ship Chandlery,
Pure Oil, Bright Varnish,
Binnacle Oil, Cotton Canvas,
Hemp Sail Twine,
Cotton Sail Twine,
Wrought Iron Spikes,
Galvanized Cut Nails.
Paints antl Oils. Groceries, etc.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber.
All klnda ot
OAK LUMBER, k
Boat Material, Etc.
! Boats of all Kinds Made to Order, j
EyOrders from a distance promptly attended
S. AENDT & JFERCBEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
Boiler Shoo W&M
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Bentox Street, Near Parker House,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
LAI aiMAEffi EMMS
Boiler Work, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. Of all Descriptions made to Order
at Short Xotlce.
A. D. "Wass, rrosedent.
.1. G. Hcstler, Secretary,
I. W. Case, Treasurer.
JOHif Fox, Superintendent.
A. V. Allen,
(SUCCESSOR TO PAGE & ALLKX.)
Wholesale nud retail dealer In
and Plated Ware,
TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
LOEB & 00.,
AGENTS FOR THE
Best San Francisco Houses and
Tumblers Decanters, and All
Kinds of Saloon Supplies.
H9-A11 goods gold at San Francisco Prices.
Opposite Parker House, Astoria, Orescon.
TO THE PUBLIC.
Tie 01 &N. Co.
Will Transact their Business at the
MAIN STREET WHARF,
Which has been Leased,
Until Further Notice-
E. A. N0YES, Agent..
to, and satisfaction guaranteed In all cases
Q W. FVLT03T,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Uooms r and fi. Odd Fellows IJulIdlug.
AUCTIONEER, COJmiSSION AND IN
JAY TUTTXiE, 31. I).
PHYSICIAN" AND SURGEON
; IlKMinKXCK-Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
QEL.O F. PARKER.
Clntaop County, and. City of Aatorla
Ottlce :-Clienamu3 street, Y. M. C. A. hall
Room No. 8.
jpi I 111 CMS,
ASTORIA, - - OREGON
Rooias In Allen's building up stairs, corner
jf Cass and Sqeinocqhe stret .
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Chenamus 'treet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON
J J. JOXKS,
Ship and Steamboat Joiner.
jyit. J. K. LaFORCE,
Room 11, Odd Fellows Bnildlne, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for painless extraction
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part ol Europe.
1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known and commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
I IAMB CRG-AMERICAN.
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Prepaid tickets to or from any European
For full Information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
I. W. CASE.
530Z0RTH & JOHNS.
Real Estate and General Insurance
ASTOKIA. ... Oregon.
WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST
ern. State Investment, Hamburg Bre
men and North German Fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travellers' LU
and Ai-cident of Hartford, and the New
York Life, of N. Y.
We have the only complete set of township
maps in the county, ami have made arrange
ments to receive applications, filings, and
final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions,
Timber Lauds, etc., having all tho official
blanks therefor. Our maps can be exam
ined in the oftlee, upon the payment of a
We also have for sale city property In As
toria and additions, and farms and tide land
Rents, and other collections made, and
GfiAHD CLEARANCE SALE!
To make room for more
Hardware ani Ship Chandlery
A. VAN DUSEN & GO.
Will sell at cost their entire stock or
HATS AND CAPS!
BOOTS AND SHOES.
These goods mu3t be disposed of as we are
soon to receive another large lot of
Hardware and Ship Chandlery
And must have room to store It.
THE LATEST STYLES
B. a. FRANKLIN'S,
NEXT DOOR TO ASTORIAN OFFICE.
A very large Stock from which to select.
Window curtains made to order.
ES"My patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paper
will be lound convenient to ray patrons.