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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 25, 1883)
Astoria. Oregon. Sunday Morning, February 25, 188-3
THE FECUNDITY OP PISH-
The average herring contains
about 20,000 ova, so that 1,000 fe
males of that fish would yield, if i
all the eggs were to corae to life,
25,000,000; but hundreds of thou
sands of the eggs altogether es
cape the fertilizing milt of the
male fish, and hundreds of thou
sands are devoured by enemies
that seem to think the ova of the
herring has been created solely to
serve as food to them. All our
sea fishes are endowed with enor
mous povers of leproduction. A
female codfish has been known to
contiin 2,000,000 or 3,000,000
ova, but, as has been stated of her
ring, the waste of eggs from the
want of being fructified, and from
other causes, is really enormous.
The fiat fishes arc also all of them
very jR-oductive; but in the case
of all sea fishes the waste of life is
really and truly incalculable, oth
erwise man would be incapable of
dealing with these minor monsters
of the great deep. As has been
shown in the case of herring, there
are animals preying on the shoals j
the demands of which are fart
more deadlv than those of man
kind: the same may doubtless be
said of most of our other sea fishes.
But the total stock of fish of all )
ages must indeed be prodigious.
There are, however, many difficul
ties in the way of fixing upon a
figure. It is not yet known, for
instance, with anything like cer
tainty, at what age herring or cod
fish arrive at the maturity of their
lives; but it may be hazarded as a
conclusion, which has not been ar
rived at without the most careful
considerations, that the sea in all
probability contains a supply of
fish which, in the event of produc
tion ceasing, would last the com
munity for a period of five or six
years. The fish, of course, must
be of all ages; but no man can
tell the exact age of any of the
fish which he may from day to day
find on his table. Nor can we tell
the average age which any of our
fise attain. Many of the codfish
we capture, "look" to have been
very old denizens of the deep
ten years old at least. And as
some of the fish which are cap
tured are occasionally of an enoi
raous size, that fact seems to indi
cate a long period of life. W
think, however, taking the major
ity of our fishes into account, that
if creation were at once to stop,
and the fish of the sea were sud
denly to cease to multiply and re
plenish, the present stock, at the
rate of capture now going on,
might last us for a period of four
or five years. Bertram hi the
British Quarterly Hevieic.
The 'Washington Monument.
Some 40 years ago,
people of the United States had
raised a considerable sum for the
purpose, this monument was be
gun. When the monument had
been built to 156 ft. in height the I
funds were exhausted. Finally the
government took hold and made
appropriations to finish the work.
But when the labor on it was re
newed, examination showed that
the foundation was not strong
enough for the intended super
structure; bnt how to insert addi
tional strength under a column
weighing 32,000 tons without dis
turbing its equilibrium or making
a crack in its walls, how to remove .
the dirt below this tremendous
weight and insert concrete mason
ry therein, was a question that re
quired inventive genius and delicate-
engineering. The difficult
work was most boldly and success
fully done. A solid body of ma
sonry, about 126 ft. square, and
more than -13 ft. in depth,
now uadwlies this tall struo-
ture. It ought to have a
solid base, for the monument, .
when finished, will have a total j
weight of over S0,000 tons. This j
pillar is now about 350 ft. high,
and is rising in mid-air at the rate.
of nearly 100 ft. a year. From two
fo tliroo tnnro wot-loncr cnnsmis will .
be required to complete it. "When
completed it will be 555 feet high.
Nuts to Crack.
What is the length of the side of
a cubic bin that will hold 100
What quantity of lining J of n
yard wide will it require to Hue
9 yards of cloth l yards wide?
How far from the end of a stick 1
of timber SO feet long, of uniform
size from end to end, must a hand
spike bo placed so that three men,
two at the handspike and one at
the end of the stick, m:iy carry
each one-third of its weight.
If a tower 200 feet high cists a
shadow 150 feet, what is the
height of a pole which, at the same
time of day, casts a shadow SO
If stock bought at 5 per cent
premium will pay C per cent on
the investment, what per cent.
wil1 5t Pav if bouSht at 15 Per
How many rods of fence will
enclose 10 acres in the form of a
A man traveled 13 days. His
last day's journey was 80 miles
and each day he traveled 5 miles
more than on the preceeding day.
How far did ho travel.
How many 1000 shingles will be
required to cover both sides of a
roof 3G feet long and whose rafters
are IS feet in length?
The eaves of a house are -10 feet
from the ground. Required, the
length of a ladder, the foot of
wkich is to be placed 20 feet from
the house, that will reach the eaves?
A horse tied to a stake by a rope
can graze to the distance, of 40
feet from the stake. On how much
surface can it graze?
What is the length of the side
of a cubical vessel which shall con
tain three times as much as one
whoso side is two feet.
What part of a cord of wood is
a pile 7 feet long, 2 feet high and
An army which has been twice
decimated in battle, now contains
only C,480 men. What was the
original number in the army?
" How many iron balls A. inches in
diameter will weigh as much as
one iron ball 8 inches in diametet?
The oldest tree in the world, so
far as anyone knows, is the Bo
tree of the sacred city of Amara
poora, in Burmah. It was planted
2S8 B. C. and is, therefore, 2,170
years old. Sir James Emerson
Tennet gives reasons for believing
that the tree is really of this
wonderful age, and refers to his
toric documents in which it is
mentioned at different dates, as
182 A. D., 223 A. D., and so on
to the present day. "To it," says
Sir James, "kings have even dedi
cated their dominions, in testi
mony of belief that it is a branch
of the identical fitr tree under
which Buddha reclined at Urume
lya, when he underwent hypotheo
sis." Its leaves are carried away
as streamers by pilgrims, but is
too sacred to touch with a knife,
and therefore, they are only
gathered when they fall. The
king oak in Windsor Forest, Eng
land, is 1,000 years old.
In countries where malaria is prev
alent, or where the climate is subject
to sudden changes should bo ionna
in every house Brown's Iron Bitter.
iw c.cjr ""
, 71 i. ;;. nu.t ,,
For lame Back, side or Chest use
Shlloh's Porous Plaster, Price 2 oeaU.
For aJ fry W. S. Dement.
The following are items of local
interest in the sundry civil appro-1
priation bill just reperted:
Salaries of the superintendents of
life-saving stations on the coast of
Washington Territory, Oregon and
California, S1,S00 each; for con-'
tinuhiii the construction
it house on Northwest Seal j
ck, off Point George, Cal., 50.- j
); for continuing the survey of.
the const of California from S.ui
Diego toward San Luis Rey, from
Point Peilr.iv Blancho to Cape I
San MnrLui. 80.000: from Point
Sal northward, from Tabl Moun
tain southward and from Trinidad
Head to the Oregon line, $1S,000;
for hydrography of the sami coast
S'J,000; for continuing the survey i
of the coast of Oregon and the
completion of the Columbia river
and Willamette river improve-!
ments to head of ship navigation,!
S9.000. for continuity the surves of !
the coast of Washington Territory,!
$5,300; for. completing the survey J
of Puget Sound, $5,400; for j
examination and surveys of har
bors on the coast of Alaska, $7,
200; for tide observations on the
Pacific Coast, $2,000: for magnetic
observations and other objects,
$11,000; for construction of a
steamship forsurve3ingthc Pacific
Coast and Sounds, $100,000.
A keen student of human nature
must have written the follewing:
"When you see a young man sail
ing down street shortly after mid
night with collar mashed down his
neck, you can make up your mind
there's a young girl crawling up
stairs not far distant, with her
shoes under her arm and an ex
tinguished lamp in her hands!"
Mr. Burton, of Rid way & Burt
on, stove dealers, Cincinnati, Ohio,
says: Two bottles of St. Jacobs
Oil cured my boy of rheumatism
when everything else laMed.
Tlds jmrtcr never varies. A man el of
purity. vtrenjri hand wholeomcnes More
economical tlun the ord nar' Kinds, and
cannot he sold in comp tliion ithtl:c mul
titude of low test, short weight, alum or
nhosphaU Mi;ders. Sold only in cmw.
KOVAL KAKIXG rOWDEBLO., 1UO vail-l.,
Inralidt, broken down in health and spirits
by chronic drf prpsia. or "laEcrinj; from tho
terrible exbaatiun that follows thn tjpVn
ofocute dUcue, tho te'timonyof thousands
who have been raiso I as by a miraclo from a
"mUar, '?" 0I .proration by no tettera
fctomach HitteM, is a sure cuaranteo that by
tho Famo moans you, too, may bo streagth-
I 0t M9 by all DrorcisU and Dltn
N " CELEBRATED MX
v .... -
feurafaia. Sciatica. Lumhaao.
Backache. Soreness of the Chest.
Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell- ,
?. Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, beneral Uodiiy
J00ihf ar and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
Ko Preparation on earth equals St. Jacob Oh.
ts a safe, sure, simple and cheap External
Bemedjr. A trial enUUU tut the cofarsUYe'y
triCIng outlay of CO Cents, and erer7 ono suffer
irg with pain caa bar cheap and poiare- pwof
of Its claims.
Direction! in XleTen iAnpnages.
A. VOGELER & CO.,
Baltimore, 2TO., C. S. A.
Probably the oitlv man in the
United States ayIio has used green
backs for gun-wadding is L. Sliir-le-,
of Dallas county, Texas. He
went hunting with -300 in cur
rency in his pocket, and used
paper for wadding, lie was load
ing from the wrong pocket, how
ever, and had shot away over $60
of his'money before he discovered
A LETTER FPOSl GERMANY.
kn, January 9, l
Very esteemed blrs
j lie praise jour uvcr .tiiits u:ii'c:iiicu:
forth hero is wonderful. Afuirtl:!nBono
mid n half boxes of your genuine lin. C.
McLAXCS I.IVEK PILLS, I hae en-
tlrely recovered from myfburyenr-.Min"e--
...- . T . X,. , .... I
itiK. All who know me wonder how I, J
who, for so many years had no nppclltc,
riuI could not sleep for lmckiu-ho, Mitch)
iu my side, and general stomach cnm-i
plaints, could have recovered.
An old lady In our city, who lm - :J o-vd '
for many years from Kidney iUmwc. :id i
the doctors had given her up. trnik t-v. of
vonr IMHs. mid eot more iy1.ii il.jtii lit!
J hai from all the doctors. iojit rn .
voy 1) :;
BEWARE OF IM3TATJGK3. .
Tlie genuine nro never sm;ar-coHtfl.
Herr box has a red wax seal on the lid.
with the Impressien: .McLannV l.it-r
The-Kenulne McLANE'S LIM::
1'ILLS bear the signature of C. JU Itm
and Fleming Itrus. on the wrapper.
Insist upon hnvlng the jienuiuo UK. C.
McLAXlI'S LIVjnt FILLS, piepan d hv
Flemlng Bros of Pittsburgh, l'a.. I In
mnrlvt being full of Imitations of lie
name McLane, spelled dilleicntly. Inn ot
If vour storekeeper dos not har the
genuine Dlt. C. 3IcLiVMr- rr.LK-
bkati:i lit:k fills v end u- y.-
cents, nnd we will send you a bovbj m-ill,
and n ct of our advertising canl-.
FLCHIXG BROS., Pittilinrch. Pa.
TO TRADE WITH ME !
SeasifleBaKery & Confectionery.!
n757':E2:"3rr ? j
Because my Goods are the Best,i
and Always Fresh. j
C.ikes Catuhes etc
tutties. on sliort notice,
give jH'nect s.iittaciou.
Cake oruatuentins ppedalty.
Most Complete Stock in Astoria
JV ovelties of all Kinds
Fruits Jloth Forrlffn anil Dnxucxtir
Wines and Liquors
OI Superior Brand.
FOSTER'S COBXKR, O R fcN DOCX
v rat!s. -v jvaa.-' ysvcpk i
- VAkmmmT . :;
xlWWJ?1 WJJW I Vare Is the I.nrjr-st ami most Complete
d9s3t<tLte&&:i!i Stock vcropfueit tn .Astoria.
SSKsSK5 V5JTrft and Pinner Set-. Toilet Seta. Glass.
- f "Sf hY" v rmit !lR! NV"t,,r H.ir Fixtures. A'.e
i.cS-"' f . Mua. Ponlos, Rn-tle liottlus GoWets. Tum-
k H8i K IB bt&B8 SPui 9 r ver thins sihl at I .o a est Living Kates.
RHE0MATI8M, IntPortant ! !
V31 JOHNsON. C. H. STICKELS
A. M. JOHNSON & Co.,
iSMp Ctafllery aid Groceries
CROCKERY & CLASS WARE.
Also Wholesale Healers ia
I Pnintt. Oils. Varnishes, Glass.
IPutiy. Artists' Oil ami "Water
rotit:intlj on h.tisil a ftill ana choice stock
ofSlaplcat.il r.uu-y Groceries Only tlio
iRentf Gnrefallyl 1 1
Hereafter all our
! . . ,
PurO CoffeCS Will be
i . -,
ipUU Up 1111(101' Olir OWD.
Un'&ss bought of
a. jjr. joiinson & co.
N. B. All goods bearing our
label are guaranteed to be strictly
Pure and of Best quality, and
are soid "by no other House.
Efc- 2? iElw 3& IS R(
Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
IVooit Delivered to Order,
Graying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
M i ioiJOP5 AND CIGARS
W,NES L,OUORS AND CIGARS.
Wilson- & Fisher,
"o-ilron, Steel. Coal. Anchors, Chains,
TAR, PITCH, OAKUM,
WKOL'GIIT AND COT GALVANIZED
IVnlls. Coppvr A'ails and Ruri-s,
Shelf Hardware, Faints and Oils
Rubber and Hemp Packing of all Kinds.
Fl.OUSl XXt ZllS.T TEET.
Agents for Salem Tlounng Mills.
Corner Clieiiaimia and Iiauiilton iitrevu
IIAGiXU.S U. CROSBY,
jHAMARE, IRON, STEEL,
ron Pipe and Fittings,
LTJ MBKIiS AND STEaM FITTEItS
Goods and Tools.
SHEET LEAD STRIP LEAD
SHEET IRON Tiii AHIPGOPPEB,
i Canners and Flshermens Supplies
Stoves, Tin Ware and House
JOBBING IN SHEET IRON, TIN, COP
PER PLUMBING and STEAM FITTING
Done with reatness and dispatch.
None Dut first class workmen employed.
A large avjortment of
Gensumly tn hmi.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber,
All kltidi of
Boat Material, Etc.
j Boats of all Sinds
r-Ordcrs from a distance promptly attended
ARNBT & FERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON'.
The Pioneer Machine Shop1
,3, - ,
Boiler Shop SW
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAXETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Bentox Streht, Near Takkik House,
ASTORLA.. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
Boiler Work, Steamboat Work,
and Cannery Work a specialty.
Of all Descriptions made to Order
at Short Notice.
A. D. "Wass. Tiesldcnt.
J. G-. Hustlkk, Secretary.
LAY. Cask, Treasurer.
John Fox, Superintendent
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON,
Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes
Meerschaum and Brier Pipes,
Stationery and Optical Coods,
Joseph Rodgers and "Wostonholm
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY
Revolvers and Cartridges.
WALTHAIII AND I3LGIi
Gold and Siluer Watches and Chains.
Fine and Coarse Liverpool
Tin riate. Block Tin, Caustic Soda,
For sale ex "Warehouse at Portland
or Astoria by
It AliFOTJR. GUTIXKIi: & CO.
dtf Portland, Op.
No. 40 12-Ply
CORK AND LEAD LiiMS,
A Full Stock Nowon Hand.
HENRY DOYLE & CO.,
11 Market Street, San Franeisce
Sole Agents for tk Paella Out.
Made to Order, j
to. and satisfaction guaranteed in all cases.
notary public, .
ACCTIONULK, COMMISSION N IX-
Clatsop Count y,and City of Astoria
Ottlca :-Cheuanuu street, Y.M.C. A. hall
yvf n. DiiiiAitD,
Attorney at ILvnr.
OFFJCC AT ST. HELENS, 0KF.G0N.
"Will attend terms ol
Court at Astoria,
T1 . WISTON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
3-OQIce in Pythian BulldiDS. Rooms 11, 12.
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON.
TA.Y TUTTIiE, 31- D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON ,.
Offick Rooms l!2?an&3,Eytlil3iBulld
Ing. Residence Over J. C Thomas' Drug
Xj p. nicKs,
ASTORIA, - - -
Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, comer
of Cass aud Sqeniocque streets.
Q. A. BOWLBY.
ATTORNEY AT LA"W.
Cfienamus Street, - ASTORIA. OREGOlv
Piano Lessons With Use of Piano.
SEES. J. "W. RUDDOCK
Terms moderate. Orders may bo left at
Adler's book store.
G. A. STiNSON '& CO
At Capt. KoKers old stand, comer ot Caw
and Court Streets.
Ship and Cannery work, Horscshoclnc.
Wagons made and repaired. Good work
M. WERTHEIWER & ER0.
MANUFACTURERS OF FINE
Havana and Domestic Cigars
No. 518 .Front St. San Francisco
. I. W. CASE,
IMPORTER AND WHOLE8ALE ANDBE
TAIL DEALER IN
''orner Clienamus and Cass streets.
ASTORIA - - - OREGON
I offer for sale my ranch near Sklpa
non In this County; it consists of
Elsrlifj" Acres iinprorcd, irltri
ool lwclllngr Heuse:
Two Bnrns, Out IIousck, otc.s
A Fine Orchard.
Everything is Aell improved and in
good condition. A large assortment ot
Tlirec 1'asscuger Coacliefc.
' One HueST
Xinc Ilcad Horses.
j Cattie. uOSSt Etc
: This affords a rare chance for a man to
! ce: a pood nome in tne omese settieu
section in the state.
' Terms favorable to one meaning busl-