Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 23, 1883)
Astoria, Oregon, Friday Morning, February 23,
WASHINGTON TERRITORY. I
An Eastern Interview.
Governor Newell, of "Washing
ton Territory, who is here ns a
commissioner, delegated by vari
ous municipalities, corporations
and prominent citizens, to urge
upon congress the early admission
of their territory as a state, was
seen yesterday by a Post reporter,
and asked what claims, other than
the one of 125,000 population, he
"I cannot reply better than by
stating what our resources are,
and thereby demonstrating our
ability to sustain ourselves as a
state. "Wc consider that we have
the ability to asume the functions
and bear the expense incidental
to stateship, and our people are
almost unanimous in the desire
that we shall be admitted to the
union during the present session
"What is the condition of the
matter in congress now?"
"Separate bills have been -introduced
in the house and senate and
reported favorably by the respect
ive committees. One bill provides
for the annexation of the three
most northerly counties of Idaho,
lying north of the 4Gth parallel of
"What are these natural re
sources upon which you base your
olaitn to be self-sustaining?"
"Leaving out Alaska, "Washing
ton Territory is the extreme north
western possession, aud lies be
tween the Pacific ocean and Idaho,
British Columbia and the Colum
bia river. It contains 70,000
square miles, aggregating 450,
000,000 acres. It is divided by
the Cascade mountains, an exten
sion of the Sierra Neradas, which
run nearly north and south into
two separate regions, differing es
sentially in their characteristics,
and called respectively east and
west Washington. The latter oc
cupies about two-fifths ol the ter
ritory, and is known as the Puget
Sound basin. The surface is hilly
and in some portions mountainous.
Four-fifths of this is covered with
dense forests, the trees being of
great magnitude. They consist of
white and yellow fir, cedar, hem
lock, spruce and pine, with smaller
quantities of ash, alder, oak, pine
and maple. The fir tree especi
ally reaches, when full grown, are
enormous size, the average tree
measuring four feet with an alti
tude of from 250 to 300 feet. Many
monstrous specimens are found,
some fourteen feet thick. This
variety is found nowhere outside
of Vancouver's island, Washing
ton Territory and western Oregon.
It is highly bituminous, tough,
elastic and enduring, and especi
ally adapted to the construction of
naval vessels in all their parts."
"Have you nothing but trees,
"We have other resources equal
in value to the wood which I will
tell you about after I have told
you about the huge cedars we
have. We have gold, silver, cop
per, zinc, cinnabar, tin, plumbago,
mica, soapstone, marble, granite,
sandstone and limestone; all these
are found within our limits. To
utilize our timber sawmills of large
capacity are operating on Puget
Sound, the largest of which is at
Port Ludlow, a new structure,
complete, but not yet in opera
tion, being 43G feet long and 200
feet wide. -It has a cutting capac
ity of 21S feet logs. The amount
cut last year was 305,000,000 feet.
This is sent to the Pacific coast,
Asia, Australia, France, England
and the Nile. There are twelve
millions of acres of such timber,
worth hundreds of millions of dol
lars. There are cedars in exist
ence of twenty-one feet in dim ,
tcr in all parts of the territory.
; The bark of the fir trees is used
mainly for fuel. The forests are
filled with elk, deer, bear, foxes,
rabbits, grouse, pheasants, ducks
and other game."
"Have you any coal deposits?"
"General McMicken, the sur
veyor general of the territory, in
formed me in a recent interview
that the entire PugeL Sound Basin
is underlaid with coal. The indi
cations are apparent everywhere.
The varieties are bituminous, lig
nite and anthracite. Extensive
mines have been opened at Seat
tle, Tacoma, and along the line of
the Northern Pacific. The mines
at Seattle and Tacoma are exten
sively operated, each town having
facilities for loading vessels at the
rate of ,000 tons a day, the mines
being located within one hour of
rail communication from the
bunkers, at which the vessels are
laden. Four steamships of 3,000
tons capacity are already establised
upon a line which supplies Oregon
and California. Five more are to
I "What else have you?"
"About seven millions of acres
of Puget Sound basin is easy con
vertible to the best agriculture and
, grazing lands. The river bottoms.
the beaver dam meadows and other
alluvial deposits furnish a soil of
inexhaustible fertility. The islands
of the Sound are also highly pro
ductive, and indeed the entire
surface of tho country, when de
nuded of its timber, if that day
Could arrive, is especially well
adapted to grazing and grain rais
ing. White clover seems to 'be
indigenous to the soil, and is abso
lutely irrepressible in its growth
wherever the sun shines upon it.
But the agricultural and grazing
portion lies east of the Cascades,
the great plateau of the Coumbia.
Here are thirty million acres of
land prairie land level, undu
lating and mountainous, mainly
bare of vegetation, save sage bush
and bunch grass. Nearly all of
this country is capable of producing
under proper cultivation, prodi"-.
ious amounts of wheat, rye, barlev
oats, flax and cultivated grasses.
The census report indicates an
averago wheat crop of twenty
seveu and one-half bushels to the
acre, the largest average yield
mentioned there. I have seen a
field of 2,300 acres which yelded
an average of thirty-five bushels,
of these 1,000 acres averaged fifty
bushels. The season for seeding
extends nearly equally well from
October till May, and for harvest
ing, from July to December. The
straw, being firm and strong,
stands, and the hull, being firm,
prevents the grain from rattling
out. During last season, 250,000
tons of surplus wheat were sent
out of the Territory, and the esti
mated production for the next
three years is 350,000 tons 'per
year. Not one acre in a hundred,
even then, will be under cultiva
tion. The grain is especially
adapted for export, not being
injured by transportation."
"What kinds of fruit grow in
'Fruits grow luxuriantly to
0 "at perfection and many native
to warmer latitudes, such as
prunes, grapes, etc., grow well,
vegetables also grow exceedingly
well. Stock is raised extensively;
beef cattle, of which 25O,U0O head
were exported last year,, dairy
cows, sheep and swine also thrive
. "How about your coast line?"
"Washington is destined to be
a great maritime and comercial
center of the Pacific coast. Puget
sound, the great Mediterranean of
this continent, covers an area of
20,000 square miles, has a shore
line of 2,000, an average width of
seven miles, and a depth of thirty
to two hundred fathoms, which is
free from rock, bar or shoals. It
ramifies through the main portion
of Western Washington, furnish
ing easy and safe outlet to tho
world for the products I have told
you about, and also commit nica- rg
tion. The rivers afford inland 4&
navigation of 2,000 lineal miles. ' p-,
the chief being tho Columbia, j z-K't
which runs northwest 200 miles,
! through Eastern Washington bear- '
ing the waters which drain an area
of 400,000 square miles. Seven
hundred miles of railroad i
are already built. The sound is
connected with the Columbia, and '
connections will soon bo made with '
the Atlantic and Seaboard by
means of the Northern Pacific,
which will be completed this fall; '
three hundred miles only having t
to be constructed, two hundred i
miles of the road-bed for which is(
made. These waters arc inhabited J
by salmon, halibut, trout, cod and
eighty other varieties of fish, and
$3,000,000 worth of salmon weroi
canned last year on
"Tho climate is tho most re-'
markable feature of Western
Washington. The thermometer
during tho winter averages forty !
degrees above zero. The sum
mers are delightful, being free from
heat, thunder shotvers or other
evils and inconveniences that at
tach to hot climates. Tho scen-
ery is grand, the Olympic and! nor a rolling mill in the place.
Cascade ranges being 15,000 feet The manufactories are all engaged
high, with many others of nearly h, what is known as '-small in
equal altitude, covered with eter- dustries."
nal snow, present scenes of graiid
cur not surpassed elsewhere."
"No drawbacks to this Arcadia?"
.-t,, . . . ,, , . , '
"lnereare two things that might
be considered so. There is a wet j
- , e I
and a dry season-, the former ex- J
tondine- from Janunrv to March. !
rn. . , , , , !
This is considered by some people
disagreeable, but it is essential to'
flirt. rnnf ttnAtrtUm -r4 st
w. e.tu .Cly.v. "w".""a. vrilIplllltaccoinpanIodTrItliadull,Iiea-yi
Hifrh winds also nrevail in Eastern 1 setwuion in tlie back part, 'increisir.of
taiu "inub.iibu jjru.iuni iabiern aiVaeonsi,iljRinil.i0!,sor meinorv.accom-
Washincton. These are the only I
o J I
complaints I have heard in a resi-1
plaints I have heard in a resi-1
dence of three years. A country plains of marine, nnd debility; he is;
J j easily startled; his feet are cold or buni-j
more aorreeable in its personal stir- inp, and he complains of a prickly Fonsa
, I tion of tho skin; his spirits arc low, and. J
roundinfrs has vet to be discovered, i although he isMtisiiedthatecrci-c would
'ilw lxnp!!ri:il to him. vet ho can FCjrclv 1
so far as I have experienced."
-anu you want 10 oe a staler '
"The people are especially de
sirous of availing themselves of
the advantages of statehood, being
conscious of being able to sustain
themselves and do honor to the
Union." Wash. Post.
This powder never Tarics. A marvel of
purity, strength and wuolrsonjpncss. More
cconondcal than the ord nary Kinds, and
cannot be sold incomp titlon ith the mul
titude of low test, short weifiht, alum or
phosphate itfmdcrs. Sold only in conn.
Hoval Baking Powdjui Co., iuc "Waiit.,
Plain and Fancy Sewing,
Snits Biade in tho best Style and
Guaranteed to Pit
Mrs. T. S. Jezvett.
BOOM OVER MBS. E, 6. WABRSN'S.l
b 4 'i r ' ::
!:ofm:u Carefully! 1 1
Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, SkoII- t
ings ana sprains, aurns ana
Scalds. General Bodife
; Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
J Feet and Ears, and all oikor
, Fains and Acnes. '
j ,aro"re,hnPlo end cheap External !
uemoiiy. a trial entails Lut tea cc3pcraiiciy
trifllns outlay of 59 Cents, and eTCry one sun"r-
Ins with pain can bara cbran ted podtlro proof
oi iu claims.
Directions ia Keren Languages.
BOLD BY ALLDBUGGIBT3 AKDDEALEE3
A.TOGELSR fe CO.,
It is a singular fact that though
New York is tho greatest manu
facturing city in "America, there is
not a cotton mill, a blast furnace
! SYMPTOMS OF A DISEASED LIVER.
Tain In the right side, midor le ot
-h increasing on procure; some tunc
tho i,aIn ls on 1,1C Icft tlde: u,c inticit u
nurely nolo to lie on tl.o left side; &oine-
tlmc tnc ,mIn ls fclt uuder th0 snon!der
"! " sometime taken for Rheum uKiu
In the arm. The itomach ls affected with
l0.s oruppolItc nisd sickness; the bowels
I" general are costive, somerimes alter-!
I natlngwlth laxitj-; tho head !. irouWudJ
Paflod fllh a painful sensation of haying .
left undone hoinethlUK nliich ought to
imve been done, a siichr, dry couKh lsj
lmve !-' Johc. a slight, dry cough Lsj
summon up fortitude enough to try it. j
If yon have nny.of the nlKve symptoms,
vou can certainly be cured by the use of
tho genuine Ult. C. 3IcIl'S X.IVEK
When vou buy3rcluic' PitU, insist
on hiving Ii:. C. 3rcLA'E-S CELE
BUATED X.IVLJI 1'IIXS, made by ricm
iiir Hro., Pittsburgh, Pa.
If you mii not cet tho genuine DB.
C. SIcIwlXK'S LIYEK 1ILLS, Send US
2.1 cents by mall, and wo will send them -I
FLEMING BROS., Piltslmrgli, Pa.
terrible exbnuUmn tbnt follows tua attack?
ofocnto diea!c, tho tctitnony of thousand
who have been raied ps by a niraclo from a
similar ttato of prostration by Ho tetter'
istomnch Uittc. is a suro ru irantco that by
tho Rntno means you, too, may bc'moncth
encd and rctored.
For salo by all Urucsi'U and Dealers
We will pay the above reward for any case
or Liver Complaint. Dj spepsbt. Sick fleml-
arhe, mdlRestlon, ConstliMtion r Costne-
nesswc cannot cure with AVYsfs Vegetable
Liver Pills, whpn the directions are strictly
compiled with. Tlievarc iHire'y Vegetable,
and never fall to rIvc satisfaction. Sugar
coated. LarRe boxes. contaiiilnK rills, 23
cents. For sale by all DruRgkts. Beware of
counterfeits and ImiUtions. Tlie Bnuine
manufactured only by JoitC FJfr& Co.
"The Pill Maker," island 163 "VV. Madison
St., Chicago. Free trbd nackase sent by
mall prepaid on receipt of a 3 cent stamp,
"W S. Domest, sent.
nw CELEBRATED iA
V M JOHXsOy. C II. 3TICKEL8 I
T' fi?SMp Chantey anfi Groceriesi
CROCKERY & CLASS WARE.
JiUo "Wholes ilo Dealers In
Pniult. Oils', Varnlslics, Gltibs,
Fnltj. Artists' OH and Water
Colors. I'nlni and Knlso-
('ojuiilly on liaisl a full and choice stock
a. of StajiKai.l 1 .'!" Groceries Only tlio
I Best i. '
ur sfixk of frorki'ir nnit 21nMS
ana most tompieto
T.i and rmnr Sets, Toilet Ser. Olass.
I.'vorj thing sold at Um est Living Kates.
An Examination will nioro than repay you.
i Import ant ! !
Hereafter all our
;Tnvn HaiTp will Ka
Dili 111) UllCier Olll OW11
V (VXj 1''J,-'i
Uh!"i5 bought of
M. JOHNSON &
N. B. All goods bearing our
label are guaranteed to be strictly
Pure and of Best quality, and
are sold by no other House.
.Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
Viot JJellvcretl to Orilcr.
Draying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana. Carriages for Hire.
men r. i.v
WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.
VV LLbUS 06 r lblliljK,
,r(Jnf Steel Coa,? Anchors Chains,
TAR, PITCH, OAKUM,
WKoraiiT a:;u cut oalvaxized
A'nlls. Cpitr IVnilM ami Burrs,
Shelf Hardvare, Paints and Oils
Rubber and Hrmp PacUina of all Kinds.
Fr.oric .if: IILI. TKE1.
Aueutt forXdem Flouring MHU.
CnniiTClifiiaiiiu !id Hamilton Stntiuc
:MA&U-'$ ;. CROSBY,
HABBWiBE, IRON, STEEL,
Iron Pipe and Fittings,
i'Lu mm:rs and steam fitters
I Goods and Tools,
! SHEET .LEAD STRIP HEAD
IRON TIN AHD'COPPER,
Stoves, Tin Ware and House
j Furnishing Goods.
IjnRRltJn IN SHFFT inrw tiu pop
Juati'n ' ntbi I HUN, TIN. LOP
OCD a,ni3B,..n . OTr, c-m.m
PtR PLUMBING and STEAM FITTING
I n. s . :th mi ., d Hionnteh
uone wun i.eainass ana aispatcn.
xono uut flrst cl tvorkmen employed,
A tLTZQ MSOrtment or,
o ri a t T a
W j A 1 1 Fj f
OosfUntly tfl Zusd
I lftAKn TilnHnvnn U I vm
JUUXB, W 1UU.U W B , OJllIiUS) . AlctliaUULiS, ilUHlUCl.
Ail kind of
Boat Material, Etc.
1 Boats of all Kinds Mads to Order. j
5 - !
J-Orders from a dbtanco promptly attended fo, and satisfaction guaranteed In all case.
. AKNDT & FERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - ORKfiON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
S H o PZMW.
All kinds oi
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made ot repairing
FOOT OF LATAYKTTE STEEET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Bkxioh Street, Neae Pakkek JIousk.
ASTORIA, - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
j y p mm ENGINES
Boiler Work, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a specialty,
, Of nil DenorlptlonR made to Order
at Short Xntlre.
A. D. Waps, President.
J. G. nusTLKK, Secretary.
I. Vi Case, Treasurer.
Jonx Fox, Superintendent
ASTOIHA, ... OEEGON.
Xigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes
Meerschaum and Brier Pipes,
Stationery -and Optical Coods,
Joseph Itodgera and Wostenholm
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY
Revolvers and Cartridges.
TF.H.THA5I AXU EF.OI
Gold and Silver Watches and Chains
Fine anil Coarse Liverpool
Tin Plate. Block Tin, Cuu.stic Hodn,
For sale ex "Warehouso at Portland
or Astoria by
AiiFocn, Gi'Tnmr. a co.
dtf Portland, Or.
No. 40 I2-Ply
SALMON TWINE 1
CORK MB LEAD LINES,
A Full Stock Now on Hand.
HENRY DOYLE & CO., !
SU Market Street, San FranclHco
Solo Agents for the Pacific Coast.
t rr 'tnm rritm T -wTsn.m
AL'CTIONEl'.It, COMMISSION AM'
Q.KJLO F. I'AUKEIt.
Clataop County, and City or Astoria
Otflce :- Chenamus street, Y. M. C. A. hall
r . miiii.vRD,
Attorney at ISTr.
OFFICK AT ST. HELENS, OBEGON.
"Will attend terms of Court at Astoria,
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
se-Offlce in Pythian Building. Booms 11, 12.
ASTOKIA, - - - OREGON.
TAX TUTTIiE, 31. I.
PHYSICIAN AND SUEGEONi
Office Kooms 1, 2, and 3. Fythlon Build
ing. Kesidknce Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
O P. IUCKS,
Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, comer
of Ciss mid Sqemocqhe streets.
Q. A. BOWLBY.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Chonamus Street. - ASTORIA. OREGON
Piano Lessons With Use of Piano.
MRS. J. W. RUDDOCK
Adler's book store.
Orders may bo left at
G. A. STINSON & CO.,
At Cnpt. Rogers old stand, comer ot Casg
and Court Streets.
Ship nnd Cannery work, florseahoeliijr.
Wagons mado and repaired. Good work
jr. wektusi$kh. i. TrEirrnEiiTKu
M. WERTHEIMER & BR0.
M.VNUFACTURERS OF FINE
Havana and Domestic Cigars
No. 518. Front St. San Francisco
i. W. CASE,
IMt'ORTKIt AND WHOLESALE ANDRE
TAIL DEALER IN
Corner Chenamus and Cass streets.
ASTORIA ... OREGON
FOR SALE !
I offer for salo my ranch near Sklpa
non in this County; it consists of
Eljjhly Acres improved, with
Reed dwelling House ;
Ttrn SnrnM, Out Houses, etc. f
A Fine Orchard.
Everything is well Improved and In
pood condition. A large assortment of
Throe 1'asscnger Coaches.
?iiuc Head Horses,
Cattle, Hogs, Etc.
This affords a rare chanco for a man to
section" in the state.
ge' a good home in the oldest settled
Terms favorable to ono meaning busi