.O ffj tmmn Vol. xvm. Astoria, Oregon, Wednesday Morning, December 27, 1882. STo. 75. wMm SAGO AND TAPIOCA. " In a lawsuit tried in Portland recently, the issue hinged upon the difference between sago and tapioca. Rufus Mallory, who re cently returned from China, where he investigated the tapioca and sago plantations, was called as a witness, and his testimony is given in the Oregoniaiv. Mr. Mallory descyije u plantation at Singa pore, China where the sago palm was raised, and gave a detailed ac count of the production and manu facture o the article known as sago flour. The sairo palm is a tree which grows, to a height of twenty to thirty feet, and it takes fifteen years from the planting before the tree is ready for harvest. These trees grow in a marsh so wet that a person cannot walk about them, except on planks without wetting the feet. They grow to eighteen or twenty inches in diameter, and are cut down close to the ground. The main bod' of the tree after the bark is removed, consists of a soft, wet pith, which is taken by the Chinese and broken into small fragments and ground up. This in turn passes through a hopper lined with coarse cloth and washed with water, the Chinamen working over the mass of pulp in the mean time. The fine granules are carried by a spout into large vats, where the flour or starch settles to the bottom and the water is gradu ally drawn off. This starch is then dried and ground into the article sold as sago flour. Mr. Mallory had samples of the tree, the pith, the flour, etc, which were exhibited to the jury. Tie then described another plantation of 2000 acres where 500 hands were employed in the manufacture of tapioca and tapica starch The cotnmvlity co.nes from a plant rather than a tree, which attains a condition fit for harvest in two years. The plant is then from twelve to eighteen feet high. The tapioca is obtained from the roots of the plant. The great plants are pulled up very much as the common potato vines are pulled, and then the roots are carefully gathered and any re maining in the ground dug out. The roots are placed in a machine which removes the skin, and washes them perfectly white and clean. The process of grinding up and drawing off is something similar to that of sago flour, and that makes a starch. An ad ditional operation makes ittfnto the commercial tapioca. Of the recent flood in Pendle ton the East Orcgonian says that the scene in town during the day was one never to be forgotten. Through all the streets, under and between and around and through all the buildings in the business part of town the mad and muddy torrent was rushing "with fearful velocity. Men with teams and on horseback were rushing through the flood on errands of dire necessity; ethers on foot wading up to their knees, sometimes, where the force of the current was checked, up to their breasts, were wading along and across the flowing streets. Dozens, crazed with excitement and liquor, were shouting and reel ing along the inundated sidewalks. Animals mad with terror were howling and bawling. But amid all the excitement and reokless ness, we here of no one who was robbed or seriously injured. The largest empire in the world is that of Great Britain, compris ing S,557,G58 square miles more than a sixth part of the globe, and embracing under its rule a sixth part of the population of the world. In territorial extent the United States ranks third, con taining 3,508,242 square miles, includiug Alaska. In population it ranks fourth, with 50,000,000 people. Russia ranks second, having 8,352,940 square miles. The Texas school fund, which can never be disbursed, now amounts to the magnificent sum of 114,000,000, including land worth $110,000,000. California Oysters." -It is estimated' that for 18S2 no fewer than two hundred carloads of oysters have been brought into this city from the east. Each car holds ninety barrels, each barrel contains on an average two thou sand oysters, so that shells, bar rels and cars something like thirty six millions of oysters have been brought into San Francisco during the past season. Add to this vast quantity the home product the California oysters, as they are called, but which really come from Shoalwater bay, "W. T. and one can readily understand why the oyster is of such a retiring disposi tion. Not the stingaree, with his roller-like jaws, which crush the shells like nuts and munch up the kernels like a chaff cutter, nor the star-fish which perches on the shell like Sinbad's old-man-of-the-seas, and sucks its victim until it has not strength enough to keep its door shut not these two foes are such voracious, dangerous, deadly ene mies to the poor bivalve as omniv orous, insatiable man. Thirty-six millions of oysters brought to one city in one year. The count is as prodigious as would be that of the bones lying around the den of Polyphemus. Of course the oysters are not all eaten in one year. As a matter of fact but few of them are placed directh' on the dealer's slabs as they come out of the car. Sometimes, when the exigencies of demand require it, or some mis taken epicure asks forthem,the oys ters are delivered from the car to customer, but this is a mistake as well as a mis-taste, for the transit occupies anything from eight to fifteen days, and the oyster which j stands a trip of that duration with out showing wear and weakness is possessed of a remarkably strong constitution. Asa rulivllmrtttenglh is shown m the flavor. JS. F. Chronicle. A bill has been reported favor ably to the senate which proposes to compel railroad companies to pay taxes on lands granted by the government. It provides that lands for which the companies are entitled to patents on payment of the expenses of surveying, and re fuse to take out patents for, shall within one year after the companies become entitled to patents be forfeited to the United States, and made a part of the public domain. The Union and Central and Kan sas Pacificare said to be the com panies principally affected by this measure. The amount of land approximates 1)00,000 acres. A Berlin dispatch says: The Germania states the understand ing between Russia and the Vat ican is as follews: The re-establishment of the Russian em bassy at the Vatican, amnesty to the Polish bishops, reinstatement of the archbishop of "Warsaw, a new bishop to be appointed after an understanding between -Russia and the Vatican, appointments to important livings in Russia to be submitted to the Russian govern ment, the states of Russia to ex ercise certain right ol supervision over the seminaries, and the Uni ates to have liberty to return to the Catholic church. The Grand Duko Vladimir, of Russia, at present in Paris, pos sesses herculean strength. As an evidence of it, it is related that when he visits one of his intimate friends and does not find him at home, he is accustomed, instead of leaving his card, to leave a piece of silver, which Ue doubles with his fingers as easily as if it were but a bit of cardboard. The production of beet sugar in Europe is increasing rapidly, this year's crop being estimated at nearly 200,000,000 tons. Farmers ou the continent find there is more money in beets than in wheat in competition with America, hence the change from wheat raising to beet culture. A pure strengthening tonic, free from whwkey and alcohol, cures dys pepsia, and similar diseases. It has never been equalled. Brown's Iron Bitters. Bound to Preach. Many people have had to preach the gospel under difficulties at times, but that was an unusually vexing position the Rev. Charles Ackworth, pastor of the African Methodist church at Lee, Mass., was placed in last Sunday. A very awkward row he and his con gregation had. Finding the doors of the church locked against him when he went to preach, Mr. Ack worth tried to enter the window, but was fired upon by Trustee Free man and others; not hit, itsecms,for Rev. Mr. Ackworth proceeded to attack the window; finally smashed the door, with a good deal of mus cular Christianity. Regular row bj' this time revolvers used and Rev. Ackworth knocked down. Got up again, entered the church and held a good religious service. Judge Pease, of Lee, declined to interfere, on the ground that the preacher has a right to the pulpit, and if the people do not like him they are not obliged to attend his services. Mission Ridge, one of the noted battle fields of the late war, is be ing converted into a peach orchard. Over 30,000 peach trees are now in bearing on it, and the land has increased in value tenfold with in a few years. POWDER Absolutely Pure. This iowder never varies. A marvel of purity, .strength and wholesoincnevs. More economical than the ordinary kind?, and cannot be sold in compt tlilon uith the mul titude of low test, short weight, alum or phosphate powders. Sold only in cans. KOVAL 1UK1XO Pewdki: Co., toe "WaJl-st., X. V. dOSIIFElfc MenTO UUiOT . STOMACH & ITTEBS Remember that stamina, vital energy, the Hfo-prineiplo or whatever you may choose to call the resistant power which battles against the causci of disease and death, is tho grand safeguard of health. It is tho garrison of tho human fortress, and when it waxes weak, the true policy is to throw in reinforccmen ts. In other words, when such an omorgoncy occurs commence a course of Hostetter's Bitters. For sale bv Druggists and Dealers, to whom apply for Ilostcttcr's Almanac for 1SS3. SOLID GOLD JEWELRY, BRACELETS, Scarf Pins, Chains, WatcheSj 8XLV&RWARB, Of every description. The finest Mock of Jewelry in Astoria. t"AH goods warranted as represented. GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER. HEADQUARTERS Foster's Emporium. Hist Ctmplete Stock in Asttrii .A- ovelties of all Kinds Fra its Beth Ferelcaaaft IDemefttle Wines and Liquors Of Superior Brand. FOSTER'S CORNER, O S N 1KKJK pOYAl Win pan CERMANREMEOY FOB RHEUMATISM, Neuralgia, Sciatica. Lumbaqo, Backacho, Soreness of the Chest, Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell ings and Sprains, Burns and Scalds, General Bodily Pains, Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted Feet and Ears, and all other Pains and Aches. No Preparation on ruth equals St. Jacobs Oil u a safe, sure, simple and cheap External Ssmedy. A trial entail but the conparatirely trifling outlay of S9 Ceata, and erery one mfftr log with pain can havo cheap and paJthre proof of iU claim. Direction in Xleren Languages. BOLD BY ALLDRUGGIBT3 AJTD DEALERS HMEDI0THE. A. VOGELER & CO., Baltimore, JKd., V. S.A. A young man named Austin Brazel, employed in Foster's log ging camp, near Olympia, was accidentally killed by a falling tree on Saturday afternoon. SYMPTOMS OF A DISEASED LIVER. l'aln in the right ilde, under cde,e ol ribs, Increasing on pressure; sometimes the pain la on thc'lcftslde; the patient I; rarely ablo to lio on tho left sIdo;'win: tlme the pain Is felt under the shoulder and Is .sometimes taken for Jtheumsitlsm h: lhiiru..-"riio atomafch is affected wlih los of appetite and sickness; the bowels in general nre costive, sometimes alter nating with laxity; the head is troubled with pain, accompanied with n dull, licavv sensation in the back part. There lsgcncr ally :i considerable km of memory, nceom- luinicu with u painful sensation of having lea unuouw botucming ivntcii ought to have been done. A slight, dry cough In sometimes attendant. The patient com plains of weariness and debility; lie is easily startled ; las feet nre cold or burn ing, and he complains of a prickly sensa tion of tho skin; his spirits are low, and, although hois sutbtled that cxerci would be bcnetlcial to him, yet he can scarcely Mimmon up fortitude enough to try it. If you have any of the nbove symptoms, you cm certainly be cured by the use of the genuine UK. C. McLAE'S L.IVKK PILLS. When yon buy McLane's Tills, insist on having DK. C. Md.A'I?S CEI.K BKATKD LIVKIl PILLS, made by Flem ing liros.. Pittsburgh, Pa. if you can not get the genuine DK. C. McLANK'S LIVEK PILLS, send us 25 cents by mail, and vrc will send them to you. FLEMING BUGS., riUslmrglt, Pa. Health is Wealth. Dr.R. C. West's Kene and Uraln Treat ment : a specillc for Hysteria. Dizzinos, Convulsions, Nervous Headache, Mental De pression, Loss of Memory. Spermatorrhoea, Impotency, lnvolnntary Emissions. Prema ture Old Age, caused bv over-exertion, .self abase, or over-indulgence, which leads to misery, decay and death. One box will cure recent cases. Each box contains one months treatment. One dollar a bo, or six boxes for five dollars ; sent by mall prepaid on re ceipt of price. We guarantee Mx boxes to cure any case. "With each onler recei ed bv us for six boxes, accompanied with the dol lars, wo will send the purchaser our written guarantee to return the money if the treat ment does.not effect a cure. Guarantees is sued only by W. E. Dement, dnttgrlst. As toria, Oregon. Older by mill at regular prices. MA7VTIX FOARD. f. .I.STOKKS FOARD & STOKES, Wholesale and retail dealers in Wood uad Willow-ware, GROCERIES, Tobacco, Cigars, Wines and Liquors FOREK5K AM) DOMESTIC Fruits and Vegetables. FLOUR, FEIEiD, and COUNTRY PRODUCE. AND General Commission Merchants ASTORIA, ORl'.GOX. Next to Oregon Railway A Nav. co's Dock. dw Dressmaking. Plain and Fancy Sewing. Salts mate im the beet Style aad GaarmmteeA to Fit. Mrs. T. S. Jezvett. ROOMS OVER MRS. E. S. WARREX'S.l $500 Reward. We wlllpay the above reward for any case or uver uonipiaint, msnemta. sick Head' ache, indigestion. Constipation or Costive ness we cannot cure with West's Vegetable liver Fills, when the directions arc strictly complied with. They are purely Vegetable, and never fall to give satisfaction. Sugar coated. Large boxes, containing 30 Pills, 25 cents. For sale by all Druggists. Beware of. ounterfeits and imitations. The genuine RaaaCaettued only by John C. West & Co. "T&e Pill Maker' 181 and 183 W. Madison St., Chicago. Free trial package sent by hmII prepaid ea receipt of a 3 cent stamp. W S. Dcoeat, ageat. ROSCOE'S FIRST CLASS Oyster Saloon, 6D CIICXAMUS STREET, ASTORIA. milE UNDERSIGNED IS PLEASED TO J. announce to the pwbUc that he has op ened :i FIRST !TjASS :E5tixir SCouse , And furnishes in first-class stylo OYSTEUS. not COFFER TEA, ETC. AT TIIR Ladies' and Gent's Oyster Saloon, CHENAMUS STREET. Please give me a call. ROSCOEIDIXON, Proprietor . 31. JOIIXsOV. ('. H.STICKKLS A. M. JOHNSON & Co., Dealer in Slip Cianfllery aii Groceries, CROCKERY & CLASS WARE. Also "Wholesale Dealers in Paiiils. Oils. Varnishes, Cllass, Piittj. Artists Oil and Water CJlors. Paint and Kalso mine Brushes. Constantly on hand a nill anil choice stock of Maple and Fancy Groceries- Oalv tko Best kept. "w Our .stock of Crockery and CSIahs are is the Largest ami most Complete Mock e or opened in Astoria. Consisting or Tea and Dinner Sets. Toilet SoK Glass. Fruit, anil Water Sets, Bar Fixtures. Ale Mugs. Pontes, Rustic Bottles Goblets. Tum blers Lemonade Cups, &.&, &c. Everything sold at Lowest Living Kates. Quality Guaranteed. An Inanimation will more than repay you. Wffl. EDGAR, ASTOKrA. - - - OREGON. Dealer in Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes Meerchaum and Brier Pipes, Stationery and Optical Goods, Joseph Ilodgers and "Wosteuholm GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY Revolvers and Cartridges. WAlYTJIAjr A5D ELfil.V Gold and Silver Vatchcs and Chains. B. B. FRANKLIN, UNDERTAKER, . Comer Cass and Siiucmoqhe streets, ASTORIA, ... - OREGON PKAf.KIt IX WALL PAPER AND WINDOW SHADES AND UNDERTAKERS GOODS. J.E. THOMAS, DRUGGIST r AND PHARMACIST, Kiuuc) Kuildinir, opposite D. K. Warren's AST0RIM)REG0N. Drugs and Chemicals. A FINE LINE OF HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES. Toi et and Fancy Articles. ET Prescriptions carefully compounded at all hours. Barbour's No. 40 I2-Ply SALMON TWINE! CORK Ml) LEAD LINES, SEINE TWINES. A Full Stock Now on Hand. HENRY DOYLE & CO., Sit Market Street, Sav Fraaelse Sole ARPnfA for the Pacific Coast Meeting Notice. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN" THATTIIE Annual meetlnjr of the Stockholders of the Fishermen's Packing Co. will be held at the office of said Co., on Friday, Dec. 29th, at 10 o'clock a. m. for the purpose of elect ing Directors for the ensuing year, and the transaction orsucli other business as may come before the meeting. By order of the President. ROBT. HAMILTON. Secretary. Upper Astoria, December c, 1882. d-fd 2 m H c i M Itk I S c m " zl lite 5 3xko gg o r & ' r- S w CO CO o r T! o 53 TJ Z o V) a o CO ! WILLIAM HOWE.; issjssssssssssisssssms ssssssissssmsssissssssssiistmnsMHf w wt ms DEALER IN Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms. Lumber. All kinds of OAK LUMBER, GLASS, Boat Material, Etc. j Boats of all Kinds Xade to Ordr. ! STOrdera from a distance promptly attended MISCELLANEOUS. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Benton Strket, Nbaii Takker JIousb, ASTORIA. - OREGON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER iMAKERS. MNBlMARINE ENGINES LBpil.eri.WorK Steamboat Work. and Cannery Work a specialty. castings'. Or all DcsrrlptlonH made to Order at Short Notice. A. D. W.vss, President. J. (J. IIustlkk, Secretary. I. "W. Cash, Treasurer. Joux Fox, Superintendent S. AKNDT & FERCHEN, ASTORIA. - ORECON. The Pioneer Machine Shop BLACKSMITH CDAP D XJLJ JL. J!Hiftfefr Boiler. Shop All kinds of ENGINE, CANNERY, AND STEAMBOAT WORK Promptly attended to. A specialty made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. Wilson & Fisher, SHIP CHAN0LERS. DEALERS IX iron, Steel, Coal, Anchors, Ghains, TAR, PITCH, OAKUM, WROUGHT AND CUT GALVANIZED Hall. Copper Nails sad Burrs, Shelf Hardware, Faints and Oils Rubber and Hemp Packing of all Kinds. PROVISIONS. FLOUR AND MUX FEI. Agent3 for Ealem Flouring Mills. Corner Chenamus and Hamilton Streets ASTORIA, OREGON. IS. WBRTIIEIMF.lt. I. VTERTIIKIMKK. M. WERTHEIMER & BR0. MANUFACTURERS OF FINE Havana and Domestic Cigars Ne. S18.Freat St. Saa Franol&eo A. Van Dusen & Co. WOULD RESPECTFULLY CALL THE attention of the Public to the fact that they are Agents for the following sewing machines, tiz : Tke ImpreTed Stager. Tke TFhitc, TkeCrewn Am TliIf1riago, Which they are selling from $35. t ISO. each ana defy Cempetitlea. Persons wishing to purchase machines should call and inspect our stock before pur chasing elsewhere, as we guarantee to giro perfect satisfaction an regard quality and price. ljKKgK4'jS 1 vWHLH'"w T&br TURirXSTQ AND Bracket Work A SPECIALTY. to, and satisfaction guaranteed in all cases. BUSINESS CARDS. T?:. JIOLDKX.I " NOTARY PUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND SURANCE AQEN1. T O. BOZORTB, V. 8. CoMMtaloaer, Xatary Vablle, aan Iasaraace Afta). Agent tor tho Hamburg-Bremen Fire Ins. Co. of Hamburg, Germany, and of the Trav elers' Life and Aceldent Ins. Co., of Hart ford. Conn. -Offlcc orer Wells, Fargo & Co's Express Oface. Gp, , l'ARHER. SURVEYOR OF Clatsop CoHuty.aa City f Asiaria.. Office :-Cheuamus street, Y. M. O. A. hall Boom No. 8. VYT M. DILLAJCD, Attorney at Law. 'OFFICE AT ST. HELENS, OREGON. "Will attend terms of Court at Astoria, Kalamaaud Portland, -JC . WINTOlff, Attorney and Counselor at Law. ftS-Ofllce In Pythian Building. Rooms 11, 12. ASTORIA, - - . - - OREGON. JAY TUTTIiE, M. . PHYSICIAN AND SUKGKON Offick Rooms 1,2, and 3. PythianBulld Ing. RFJinKiJCK OverElberson's Bakery, op posite Earth & Myers' Saloon. A.1' HJITON'. M. D. Pkyslelaa aad Sargear OFFICE-Over A. V.Allen's grocf Rooms, at the Parker Hoiu ,N Tjl P. HICKS, PENTIBT, ASTORIA, - - - OREGON Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, corner of Cass and Sqemocqhe streets. T TR. taFOBCE, DENTIST Dental Keoms rer Case's Stare, Chenamus Street, - - Astoria, Oregon. I Q. A. BOWLBY. ATTORNEYAT LAW. Chenamus Street. - ASTORIA. OREGO G. A. STINSON & CO., BLACKSMITHiNG, At Capt. Rogers eld stand, corner of Cass and Court Streets. Ship and Cannery work. Horseshoeing. Wagons made and repaired. Good work guaranteed. NEW BLACKSMITH SHOP. John Peely, OPPOSITE KINNEY'S CANNERY Blacksmithing, Boiler Work, Cannery Repairs All Work Warranted. and LEATHERS BROS. BOAT BHIIDER8, r Stairs Over Araat A Ferckea'a Ikty. Call and examine the work we are doing and see the wood we are using, before mak ing a trade elsewhere. FIRST -CLASS WORK A SPECIALTY. For Sale. T.OT C. BLOCK 126, SBTVELY'3 ASTORIA occuuled bv James McGee. with all the buildings and Improvements thereon. Terms easy. inulre of J.O.BOZORTH, Seal fetate Agent. iy v rr It A -S" -i.