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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (June 25, 1881)
Astoria, Oregon, Saturday Morning. June 25, 1881
w"s $ I
DWELLIXO IX THE GLORY OF A
GRAXD MOUXTAIX RAXGE.
THE CASCADES OK THE COLUMBIA.
ORIGIN OF ARCHITECTURAL IDEA-SNOW-CLAD
SUNSET TINTS AND SHIN
Corr. San Franchoo Chronicle.
Cascades, June S. The scenery
of the Columbia, or to be perfectly
accurate, of that part of it which
is connected with the Cascade
mountains, is infinitely grander,
more beautiful, more varied and
more peculiar than the tourist is
apt to anticipate. It is true that
all ones friends who have made
the trip speak of it in the most
enthusiastic fashion, but this is to
be expected. The civilized world
is now distinctively artistic, and
the people of good common sense
and the consummate and utter,
though they detest each other
coidially, meet upon the common
ground of appreciation of natural
scenery. There are few men of
the world, and probably no femi
nine worldlings at all, who would
care to assert a disregard for
The Ite-mlies if Srriirry.
Mrs. Chandor will be satisfied to
enjoy it, and to remain sane,
whilst the Cimabue Browns, who
are esthetics, think themselves
bound to rave and madden, and
die away in ecstacies. The differ
ence, one sees, is only in quantity,
for both are admirers, only one
confesses admiration, and the
other professes it. Between these
two sets, the madir and the zenith
of estheticism, come the vast horde
who belong to neither party by
convictions, for they have none,
but who train with cither, and
occasionally with both. These are
the good folk who make up that
majority which some audacious
cynic, in his bitterest moments,
styled the voice of God. These
are they who form the great army
of tourists, the thrice happy people
for whom guide books are written.
rictnrcsquc America I"ubli.lcd.
And personally conducted travel
ing parties devised. So far, I
believe, they have not yet accept
ed the Columbia river, having
advanced no further than the
Yosemite, so that the tourists to
this region have only been the
single spies, the battalions being
a little in the rear. That they
will soon come up and make this
fair land their own I cannot doubt.
That they will ever comprehend it,
is, I think, not in the least doubt
ful. The eightj'-six miles between
Portland and The Dalles comprises
a region which appeals most
forcibly to those who have a smat
tering of gcolog'. Throughout
seven-eighths of the journey the
river Columbia makes its way
through the Cascade range of
mountains, many of whose peaks
are snow clad, and some of them
attain an altitude exceeding 3-1,-000
feet. Looking at this range
from any other point than this
river, it seems as if it were a vast
wall or plateau, some 5,000 feet
high, and that the
Show Teaks Itise out of TMs
Like kings seated upon raised
platforms. But from the river it
is plain that these great peaks,
Hood, Jefferson, Adams, St. Helen,
Baker, Ranter, the Three Sisters
and others, are standing almost to
their waists in their own lava, in
the eooled floods which they have
in past times belched out. There
was a time when people believed
that rivers cut their channels by
their own unaided force in their
way to the sea, but no one can
look upon this scene and so agree.
It is more probable that the lava
contracted greatly in cooling, and
that in the fissures made by such
contraction the river found its out
let. It is true that a fissure so
enormous as the channel of the
Columbia, a mile broad, is opposed
to the conceptions of all but theo
rists. But it is difficult to con
The River nml the Lava Iteri
Were coeval. Probably there
were tens of thousands of years
between the earliest deposits from
this great section of the .volcanic
range that reaches so far south and
the Columbia. The upper part of
the basalt "'gorge through which
the ColuinbiR pours its waters
must have bet-n reduced by dis
integration to a broad glacis or
slope before over there was a river
at all. One lias otilv to look at
the little lava beds on the surface
of the ground to see in what order
the fissures are formed by the con
traction of the cooling process.
They arc both longitudinal and
transverse, so that the blocks are
eminently rectangular. And what
is true of the small masses five feet
high is equally true of the masses
of the plateau .",000 feet high.
They are pierced by gorges which
run east and west like the river.
and north and south like the
mountains. At first the moun
tains were rectangular masses, but
IHsiiitrxraliiMi Has Worn Tlirxu A.:ij.
And as the basalt is most unequal
in its hardness, and as some parts
are more exposed than others to
the action of the frost laden winds,
and the steady attrition of falling
waters, it results that the appear
ance of these time worn rocks is
most varied and most peculiar.
One fact only is censtant: the rec
tangular diameter of the rock it
self. When this assumes, as it
often docs, the columnor form, the
aspect of the basalt lnjcomes cn
chantingly interesting. There is
hardly a shape under heavens
dome which it does not mimic,
not, of course, with any intense
resemblance, but then is a some
thing in the outline and the mass
which is very suggestive. Of
course what is termed costellation
is the most frequent, and tltosc
who have sen the upper Missis
sippi must admit that the towers
and ramparts of its sandstone cliffs
cannot enter into comparison with
The Terrible 'IctsH't Forma (I on
Of theColumbia. There arc spots
where the rock rises perpendicu
larly from tin water and goes
sheer up to a height of throe
hundred feet in one solid mass
without a crack or cre ice. This
great wall of some Titanic fortifi
cation stretches for hundreds of
yards in a straight line and then
turns abruptly, leaving an acute
anjrlc. Lichens, ferns and mosses
cover its sides and give it tin ap
pearance of a forgotten strong
hold that has passed out of the
history of the world. Above this
great stretch of rampart there is a
grassy slope, covered with trees,
yellow firs and pines. Above that
again comes another huge rampart,
and more bastions; above that
another slope of grass and waver
ing green trees; then another ram
part, then another slope, and so in
regular gradation until the neck
of the enchanted gazer is craned
to the utmost, and the eye reaches
the crest of the plateau.
In the CclclZnlrtl Form
The basalt is regularity itscli. In
others nothing can be more irregu
lar. There is a place along the
river where originally there were
for the whole sheer descent only
two terraces, or, in other words,
the lava, instead of spreading itself
out in beds, had occupied itself in
filling up a great hollow. The
lower of these, being the softer, is
very much worn, and disintegra
tion has boon exceedingly bus.
But in the center of the range
there is a mass which suggests
strongly a Gothic cathedral. The
lad' chapel, greatly foreshortened,
is in front, then above it comes a
perfectly shaped apse, with its
singular roof, then to right and
left are the projections of the tran
septs, and above all towers the
mighty roof of the nave, with the
subordinate aisles. There is noth
ing to cheat the view as in the
basaltic country of llindostan, so
Avell described by Bishop Hebcr.
No vegetation to help the imagi
nation, no clustering vines to hint
the tracery of Gothic decoration.
All is the bare basalt, but the
So Wonderfully Jsiisgolltc
That I doubt if anyone can see it
without receiving a similar im
pression. But the most ordinary
form after all is the pyramidal.
All will comprehend how readily
a solid rectangular mass would by
disintegration assume this aspect.
The Greeks imagined that the an
cient Egyptians endeavored to
imitate by their pyramids the as
cending ilame of sacrificial fire.
The Greeks had ever a childish
imagination, and this is one of the
especially weak examples. Tliey
were eager to explain everything,
and they were satisfied with the
most ridiculous explanations.
Europe was so called after Europa,
one of the many loves of Zeus, the
lomans were descended from Jo,
another love, and so on. With re
gard to the Egyptian pyramids wc
are in a position superior to the
Greeks, for we know perfectly
well that there were pyramids in
Mexico which may be anterior to
tlose of Egypt. We know, more
over, that man of the decorations
believed to be original with the
Egyptians belong really lo Mexico
and Central America. All archi
tects arc. agreed that the thought
of Egyptian architecture, the gov
erning motive, seems to have been
derived from a style cognate with
that of Palenque and Exmal.
Putting these things together, and
remembering that Mexico and
Central America are distinctly
volcanic, may we not believe that
both the pyramids of the west and
the distant cast, nay, even the ter
races of the aboriginal Americans,
were copies of the natural forms
of basalt. To copy nature in an
early race is, indeed, a difficult
To Crylili r an Absfrart Thought.
The greatest beauty of these
mountain forms, in my judgment,
is the torrace when it is upheav
ed. Let ttie reader fancy a broad
terrace several hundred yards in
width, that comes down to the
waters edge, and rises by slight
gradations to a height between
t5000 and 3,000 feet. These ter
races are popularly called devils
dykes, for in everything that is
sublime the vulgar mind sees the
hand of the evil one rather than the
finger of God. Ingersoll is undoubt
edly an extremist, but there is some
exousc for him in the reflec
tion that churchmen have so vigor
ously miscducatcd humanity that
such a blunder is possible. Had
the church fulfilled its duty, or
done even a tithe of what it might
The Terrible Mantle or Iloiriir
Which has darkened mens minds jed upon the snow masses of these
and kept them from the sunlight j mountains with a glory that brings
of G oris providence would neverj tears into the eyes. It is the
have crazed human beings. This,! apotheosis of color. It is so bright,
a natural outburst it must be al-so splendid and yet so etheral, that
lowed, for these upheaved terraces the glowing hues of the ruby and
are verv dear to me. For here the Lninr-ililhprnmn dirt v-mdtiivdrviii
grasses grow softest and greenest,
and cover the red volcanic soil
with a tender, velvety carpet.
And here the firs grow tallest and
straightest. Here, too, arc bushes
of wild roses of an immense size.
Sometimes in the center of such a
dyke there is a slightly elevated
ridge, mostly of bowlder- like mass
es of basalt. Among these the
wild syringa blooms with admir
able luxuriousness, so that at a
distance the bushes seem like
patches of late snow. The odors
of this bush resemble faintly
The i:qulsite rerrnme of the Orange
And when ttase combine with the
fragrance of the wild roses, and
balsamic smell of the lirs, the air
is heavy with sweets, that delight
without cloying, and stimulate
without reaction. From the ridge
in the center burst tiny springs
that trickle slowly across the ter
race with many devious windings,
wandering downward, but still
moving towards, the edge, where
they pour their crystal drops in a
faint shower of spray into the
abyss below. It is delightful to
mount steadily upward to the very
end of the dyke, and stand against
the sky and look downward upon
the trees in the gorge and outward
against the slopes and terraces
of the central plateau. Up in
this region the rain docs not fall
so eternally as in Portland, where
a Parsi would be as unhappy and as
unable to see the sun as in London
Here the Sun Shines Brightly
And warmly, but the air is not
enervating and the heat is not op
pressive. The golden rays gild
everything with a superb glory,
and one Watches the white fleecy
clouds sailing over everything,
making shadows upon the glitter
ing river and casting a momentary
gloom upon the little footpath
through the gorge. The blood
bounds in ones veins and one feels
an intense delight in living, an
ineffable thankfulness to the Great
Father of us all. But the crown
ing splendor of all is when one
turns ones eyes either to the north
towards mount Adams, or to the
south towards mount Hood; for
these are the only snow peaks
visible from the immediate neigh
borhood of the river. The time
will soon come, 1 trust,' when there
will be stage routes through -the
Cascade mountains, and when it
will be possible to sever ones con
nection with the river, and pass
the whole season in the company of
These tiinnU or the 'n-ciit Hanze.
I have seen the mountains of the
French Alps and of the Apen
nines, but these of -the Cascade
have a peculiarity very singular
and very beautiful. The snow
line begins almost at the level of
the plateau, and this varies from
4,")00 to 3,000 feet; so that these
giants are really snow clad not
merely topped with snow. They
have the appearance of huge pyra
mids of snow, through which one
discerns, here and there, the ba
salt bones, in ridges and
occasional precipitous cliffs.
At the point I am des
cribing, one is nearer to mount
Adams than to mount Hood, but
sufiiciently close to the latter to
be impressed thoroughly by its
grandeur and its beauty. To those
who have the color sense the sight
of these immense white pyramids
against the blue sky will ever be
One of" the : rami Sensation
Of their existence. It is useless
to attempt to describe what is
indescribable. How can color be
described, or in what words can
man explain what is a sense, a
feeling? The purity of it, the
depth of it, the immensity of it
are what out feels most when
gazing at such a spectacle. But
when the sun is sinking in the
westward, and the sun-god flames
with all his brightest colors before
he disappears below the horizon,
all the glowing tints, all thesuper-
! nal tones of the sunset are refieet-
comparison. The aurora borealis
is the only thing with which it
can be compared. That, however,
is flickering and comparatively
eranescent. This fades slowly
into darkness through a long,
long twilight, and at hist becomes
a faint cloud as the darkness falls
upon the mountains, and the stars
shed their light like dew.
Charles Stevens & Son are in re
ceipt of a fine stock of mouldings, and
arc now prepared to make picture
frames to order. Call and inspect their
Look out for a big lot of San Fran
cisco National brewery beer to arrive
by .Meamcr Oregon, at Max Wagner-
For the genuine .1. II. Cutler old
Uourbon. and the best of wines, liquors
and San Franeiseo beer, call at the Gem,
opposite the bell tower, and sec Camp
bell. Capl. J. II. 1). Gray is now prepared
to supply the best qualities of fir. hem
lock, vine maple, spruce limbs, etc.
Leave orders at the wood yard, foot of
For a first-class oy.Mer stew, fry,
pan-roast or fancy roast, go to Koscoe's
on Main street. opjOMtc X. Locbs.
Familiessupplicd by the hundred or the
sack, open or in the shell.
Max. Wagner's San Francisco Na
tional brewery beer caiftbebeat.
For Port Townsend, Victoria,
Nanairao, Fort Wrangle and Sitka.
Carrying U. S. Illail.s.
JAMES CARROLL Commnndei
"WIII leave Portland for the alwne ports
from Flnnder'.s Dock
No freight for Alaska taken after 12 oVIock
the day previous to departure.
For Freight or Passage apply to
Kd. C. HUGHES. Puner.
GLEANING and REPAIRING
NEAT, CHEAP AND QUICK. BY
lGlienamus St., next Nicholas' Barber Shop.
Geo. Hill, proprietor ami manager,
Fred Gere. Mage manager, A. Ostrauder,
leader of orchestra, Geo. Lambert, lender
of brass band. Nickeroii (nice more to
the frolit.and will manipulate the lwnes.
Mr. .Iiio. Cook will officiate with the
tainboriiu' ami Gere will interrogate.
Miss Lou Cook in new songs and
dances. James Morice in vocal gems,
seven people on the first part, a splendid
orchestra, and the le-.t brass band in
Oregon, and don't you forcget it. Come
one come all and be convinced that As
toria can and doc suport the best
variety company outside of Frisco.
Xcw orchestral selections by ourefficient
orchestra, and new music bj our excel
lent brass baud on the grand stand at
precisely 7 i: m. Curtain rises at ex
actly 8 p.m. Entrance on Benton street;
entrance to private boxes, on Chenamus
Mother) ! Mother ! ! Mother ! ! !
Are you disturbed at night and broken
of jour rest by a sick child suffering
and crying witti the excruciating pain
of cutting teeth ? 1 f so, go at once and
get a bottle of Mrs. Yinslows Soothing
.syrup, it will relieve the poor little sut
ferer immediately depend upon it:
there is no mistake about it. There is
not a mother on earth who has ever
ucd it. who will not tll ou at once
that it will regulate the bow-els, and
give rest to the mother, and relief and
health to the child.opcnitiuglike magic
It ib iwrfectlj safe to .use in all cases,
and pleasant to the taste, and is the pre
scription of one ot the oldest and best
female physicians and nurses in the
United States. Sold everywhere. 25
cents a bottle.
An Unrivalled llali Dressins.
Producing xs rich and cleanly appear
ance as if nature alone had imparted t.
IJiirnetfs Coconine is the best and
cheapest hair dressing kills dandruff,
allays irritation, and promotes a vigor
ous and healthy growth of the hair.
Xo other compound produces these re
sults. The superiority of Ilnrnett's flavoring
extracts consists in their perfect purity
and great strength. They arc warrant
ed free from the oisonous oils and
acids which enter into the composition
ofinaii.of the factitious fruit flavors
how in the market. -
Have Wistars balsam of wild cherry
always at hand. It cures coughs, colds,
bronchitis, whooping cough, croup, in
fluenza, consumption, and all throat and
lung complaints, .to cents and ?1 a bot
tle. S. Gla.-cr & Co.. successors to F.
Sherman & Co., having bought the
meat and vegetable market of F. Sher
man fc Co.. would respectfully ask n
continuance of the patronage bestowed
on the former proprietors.
Mr. John Uogers of the Central Mar
ket, has made arrangements to keep all
the finest fresh fish, etc in their season.
Get your legal blanks at The
Astoiuax otlice. A full line of over
two hundred styles.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer
ETC.. ETC., :ETCm
BLOCK TIN, TIG LEAD,
FLOATS, MA II LS, HANDLES,
GUM BOOTS, RICE. ETC., ETC.,
IN QUANTITIES TO SUIT.
ASTORIA, - - OREGON.
MRS. II. A. DERBY,
MASONIC HALL. - ASTORIA. OREGON.
Will open her new stm-k
On Ttesflay, May 5th, 1881.
A PINK ASSORTMENT OF
The Josephine Seamless Kid Gloves
Warranted to be the be-t in the market.
Alo. a large assortment of
Infants Wear and Ladies Dres
A large variety of
HEW MILLINERY GOODS
Pnrchaed by herself
Hats5 Bonnets. Velvets,
Satins, Ribbons, Ruchings,
Collars, Etc., Etc.,
MAIN STREET, - ASTORIA. OREGON.
A. T. ALLEN.
C. H. PAGE.
Page & Allen
(successors to e. s. larskx.)
Wholesale and retail dealers In
Glass and Plated Ware,
TROT1CAI. AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
The largest and most complete, stock of
goods In their line to be found hi the city.
Corner of Cass and Squemocqhe Streets,
IRISH FLiX THREADS
Salmon Net Twine.
Cotton Seine Twine,
Gork and Lead Lines,
Cotton Netting, ai! sizes.
Seines Made to Order,
Flax and Gotton Twine,
Fishing Tackle, etc.
SI 1 Market Street. San Francisco
HENRY DOYLE & Co.. Managers.
CHINCHONA RUBRA, AND CALIFORNIA
OF THE AGE.
See onr loeal columns lor particulars, and
Chas. Stevens & Son
CITY BOOK STORE.
In room lately occupied by
Largest anil Best Assortment
Of novelties in the stationary line usually
found in a first-class book store, consisting of
BOOKS, FINK STATIONERY,
GOLD PEN GOODS, ALBUMS.
All of 'vhich will be sold at prices w hlch
P. S. The latest Eastern and California
periodicals constantly on hand.
CHAS. STEVENS & SON.
ASTORIA, OREGON, IB
DRUGS AND CHEMICALS,
Toilet and Fancy Articles,
PATENT MEDIOIWES, ETC.
GS-Prescriptions carefully compounded at
J2r"HonieopathIc Tinctures and Pellet3,
aud Humphrey's Specifics also kept
THE BEST qUALTTY, WILL BE SOLD
by the hundred, or by the box, printed or
plain, to suit customer?, at
Thk Astorux office.
PRINTED AND BOUND TO AN i SfiitJ.
and ruled to any order, at
-Thk Abtoeixx office.
LETTER HEAD PAPER,
PRINTED OR PLAIN, 0' THE BEST
quality at The Astorux office..
TAX TTJTTJLE, M. .
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Office Over the White. House Store.
ItKsiDKxcK Next door to Mrs. Munsona
boarding house, Chenamus street, Astoria
TVR. M. D. JEXSISGS.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
Grarillftto TTnltror-dlt-c- rf 1'lnHnlo was
Physician to Bay view hoapltoC Bid'ttmore
OFFicK-In rage & Allen's building, up
"P CBAX, 3C. ..
"PHYSICIAN" AND SURGEON,
Kooih Xo. 3. ABtorian ShI1(Uhk.
IJPSITIEVPF .enmop nf Pantnn n1 rnttr
streets, Astoria, Oregon.
Tj P. HICKS.
ASTOHIA, --- - OBEGON.
Rooms In Allen's hlllldlnprnnBtnli-a ftm
of Cass and Sqemocqhe streets.
Q. A. BOWLBY.
ATTORNEY AT LA"W.
Chenamus Street. - ASTORIA. OREGOft
rj w. FuiiToar,
ATTORNEY AT LAV,
ASTORIA - - - OREGON
Ofllcc over Page & Allen's store, Cass street
"g V. HOLDfiX,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN-
T A. airlKTOSH.
Occident Hotel Bulldlnc,
ASTORIA --- OREGON
Q II. BAIN Sr CO.,
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Traa
Heals, Lumber, Etc.
All kinds of Oak Lumber, Glass, Boat Ma
Steam Mill near Weston hotel. Cor. Geu
evlve and Astor streets.
UHIiEXIIART fc SCHOEXE.
Occident Hotel Hair Dressing Saloon
ASTORIA - OREGON.
Hot, Cold, Shower,
Sterna and Salphur
555Special attention given to ladles' and
children's hair cutting.
Private Entrance for Ladies.
BOOT AND SHOE
Ciiexamtjs Stkekt. opposite Adlert Book
store, - Astoria, Oreo ox.
-Terfect fits guaranteed. All work
warranted. Give me a trlaL All orders
J. A. BROWN
BBOWX &. XcCAJBK,
STEVEDORES AND RIGGERS.
Astoria office At E. C. Holden's Auction
store. Portland office--2t B street. 13-ti
AT MUSIC HALL,
IE3. J&.. QTJIDKnXT.
NAILS, MIIL FEEB AWB HAY
Cash paid for country produce. Small
profits on cash sales. Astoria, Oregon, cor
uer of Main and Squemocqhe streets.
I. W. CASE,
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL DEALER IN
Corner Chenamus and Cass streets.
ASTORIA - - - OREGON.
I. T. liAKCIAY. T. H. HATCH.
HATCH & BARCLAY,
No. 20 California St., San Francisco, Cat.
Hone of the Albany Beer!
Respectfully Dedicated to and Sold by
CHAS. GRATTKE, - - - - ASTORIA.
Good evenlns kind friends. Just listen to me.
And when you have heard me, I'm sure
I will give you a story, and sing it out clear
And the name of my song is the ALBANY
You can find it all round in this city of gold.
And the way that they make it has never
That's a secret they keep and hold very dear.
For the whole couutry is drinking that
The brewery Is large and the machinery Is
And every order is sent to you right up to
They get all kinds of orders from far and
And every one's healthy that drinks AL
For every thing there looks so clean and so
And their beer Is so sparkling, it cannot be
If vou are feeling bad or the blues do appear.
You can drive them away by drinking AL
I have an old father, who's now eighty-three.
And this is the advice he gave unto me.
He spoke to me kindly with a voice bright
and clear :
"If you want to be healthy, drink ALBANY
Since then I have done so. and I'm hearty
At the round age of fifty I can always be
At my dally labor before the sun does appear
And each day and night I drink ALBANY
Also, on draught, THE CELEBRATED
C. GRATTKE, - - -WELCOME SALOON,
Roadway, opposite O. R. & N. Co'a Dock.