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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (March 31, 1881)
Eftc gnxlB stcneUm.
THURSDAY ."MARCH 31, 1SS1
Secretary. IVindom and the Bnlls
Washington, March 13. If a
mob of workingmen were to sur
round the Capitol while an eight
lour resolution was under consid
eration, and should threaten some
dire disturbances in the country
unless their wishes were obeyed
alarm and indignation would pos
sess all minds. If the opponents
of any measure were to swarm in
the lobbies of congress, and rush
into print with inflamatory threats
of disaster and destruction to busi
ness interests if that measure
should pass; and if they should
actually begin the work of destruc
tion, with :i view to demonstrating
the sincerity of their threats and
their ability to execute them, would
it not be pusillanimous in congress
to change front under such a dis
play of ruffianism? The last con
gress was chosen by upward of
seven millions of voters. It repre
sented the people so far as there
vsere free elections. For any set
of men to club together and, for
the furtherance of some scheme of
their own, to seek to intimidate
congress and prevent the passage
of such, laws as the majority deem
wise and proper, is to substitute
the rule of a mob for the rule of
the people. This was done boldly
and shamefully during the month
of February. Provision had to be
made for meeting some S200.000,
000 of bonds soon to become due,
and common honesty dictated pro
vision for redeeming some 000,
000,000 more, which the govern
ment can soon exercise its option
to pay, because it is known that
we can borrow money at a low
rate and extinguish a higher rate
of interest which these bonds are
now bearing. The government
never sells its bonds above par.
Those who hoped to bu' the eight
hundred millions at par were,
therefore, interested in having
them made worth as much more
than that as possible, which could
only be done by putting up the
rate of interest they were to bear
The opinion prevailed with a large
minority in congress that three and
a half per cent, was as low a rate
as would insure the sale of bonds
zt par. This was the belief of
most of the republicans, and may
liave been correct. But a majority
jn each branch of congress believed
that a three per cent, would sell at
par, and voted accordingly. The
national banks are more than two
thousand in number, and, taken as
a whole, they have gone along
about their business, and left the
-representatives of the people to
exercise their own judgment on
the sujoct under discussion. They
have a circulation of about 320,
000,000. But one hundred and
thirty-eight of the banks lent
themselves as the cat's-paws of the
sharpers who undertook to legis
late instead of congress. The
brokers had decreed three and a
half per cent, as the rate, and filled
the air with remonstrances against
a, lower one. They spoke through
-the press under their control, and
swore that a three per cent, bond
-would not be tolerated by the
national banks; and that if they
were not allowed to dictate the
funding legislation the banks
would precipitate a panic by with
drawing their circulation under the
law. This menace had no effect
on congress. Then, in order to
induce a veto of the measure,
these one hundred and thirty
eight of all the banks in the coun
try, a fraction of about one
twentieth; were induced by the
handful of operators alluded to to
actually deposit about eighteen
millions of greenbacks with the
treasury and give notice that they
would retire from circulation a
dike amount of national bank
notes. This reduction of the vol
ume of circulating medium was
thought to be sufficient to produce
a panic and distress in the country,
and either for that reason, or on
his own opinion as to the feasibility
of floating a three per cent, bond,
or out of deference to the advo
cates of a higher rate, President
Hayes vetoed the bill.
Now, the one hundred and
thirty-eight national banks which
lent themselves to the brokers and
defeated a public measure to
satisfy private greed come forward
and virtually say to the secretary
of the treasury:
"We wore only in fun. What wc
did was simply to frighten con
gress, and, failing in that, to
coerce the president. "We never
intended to retire our circulation.
Please let ns have back our eigh
teen millions of jrreenbacks. "We
may want them to use again at an
extra or regular session of congress
for bull-dozing purposes. Don't
hold us up to our own little game.
AVe hope the secretary of the
treasury will say:
You are not the representatives
of the national banking system,
asking for a construction of the
law important to its interests and
safety. Sou are a small detach
merit, which, faithless to the in
terests of the whole, have brought
them all into disrepute by allowing
yourselves to be used by a few
brokers, who themselves desired
to make some millions at the ex
pense of the people. You have
insulted and outraged the Nation,
(with a Big N.), b' attempting to
set yourselves up as higher tnau
its chosen representatives. Your
greenbacks are in the treasutv by
your own act. Neither law nor
precedent exists for their return.
There will be as many banks
chartered as can make the busi
ness profitable; indeed, you can,
by compliance with law, increase
again the circulation j'ou have re
duced. You can make no panic
in the country r, nor in this admin
istration. Go, and hereafter at
tend to your business, ichile the
men chosen for the purpose by the
people make the laws.
We have no knowledge of what
is to be done in the premises. But
we have a very clear idea that
whatever seeks to be above law in
this country must be reduced to
good behavior or be destroyed.
Whenever the cougress or the
president shall act under duress,
or to buy off destructives who
threaten harm if not obeyed, then
our government is already sub
verted. The question as to wheth
er a three per cent bond would
sell at par is not now the question.
The new congress may decide that
it would not, and may fix a higher
rate. The real question is: wheth
er, under the law, any class or in
terest manipulated by a dozen
men, and put forwaid to control
legislation, can be allowed to car
ry away with them as a trophy the
weapons they used in the work.
We feel sure that what they can
not have under a strict construc
tion of the law they will not get
from Secretary Windom. i. c. i.
iSTSome say that it is no use for them
to advertise, that thej' have been in the
place in business all their lives, and
.verybody knows them. Such people
seem to forget to takr in c-ni(icrat'on
that our country is incmisin;; in popu
lation nearly 40 per cent every ten j'vars.
and no matter how old the place may be,
there areconstaut changes taking place:
some move to other parts, and strangers
fill their places. In this age of the
world, unless the name of a .business
firm is kept constantly before the public,
some new firm may start up, and. by
liberal advertising, in a very short time
take the place of the older ones, and the
latter rust out, as it were, and be forgot
ten. Xo man ever lost money by judi
IST'VVhat pleasure it is to pay ones
debts " In the first place, it rcmovesthat
uneasiness which a person feels from
dependence and obligation. It affords
pleasure to the creditor, and therefore
gratifies our social affection. It pro
motes that future confidence which is so
interesting to an honest mind. It opens
a prospect of being readily supplied
with what you want on future occasions.
It leaves a consciousness of our virtue;
and it is a measure we know to he right,
both in point of justice and sound econ
omy, b inally. it is the main support of
simple reputation, ray us. mat we may
"SST'All subscribers to Tiik Astokiax
are very respectfully invited to act as
agents for the paper. We know that
thrc must be many people who would
ta.. the paper "at sight, if asked bv
some friend to do so. We need your as
sistance, snu win cucenuiiy pny lor it.
we win senu tne paper one lull year to
any six persons you may name for the
sum of 10 00. Thus you can act as
agent for us and make a profit for your-
23JTIf you will send us five subscrib
ers lor one year with 10 oo advance
payment, at the rate of S2 00 for each
name, we will send one cony of Tin: As
tokiax iree, to any tutoress von mav
cive. and we will send an additional
copy for each additional five names that
you may send to ns, with the cash in ad-
vanco ot course, lor one year.
THE STEAM TOG "MARY TAYLOR"
will be sold at Auction at Astoria on
Thursday, April 7th, at 10 o'clock a. m.
74-td per Trencliard & Ujwhur. Agents.
A FINK BOAT. SUITABLE FOR FISH
ine. Apply at the office of
71-tf ASTORIA PACKING CO.
THE SLOOP "GRACE HUME." Inquire
of A. M. Johnson. AMoria Sail Loft, or
of T. J. DilkMi on board scow Industry.
mHE SCOW "ILVTTIE" "WILL BE SOLI)
JL s rcHXtimWe terms. For iiurticulms
spHvtit .IAMBS BELL.
61-lm Upiwr Astoria.
TAX PAYERS OF CLATSOP COUNTY
will take notice that this is thelat call
for taxes due ClaL-op county for the year
1889. and additional cots ill Im added after
nr of AlHil, leSl. A. M. TWOMBLY.
0S-2w Slieritfaml Tax Collector.
"JVTOTICE IS HEREBY GIYEN THAT the
L a.v'SNtHeiit made by ordinance No. 4a;.
for the improvement of V.Vt-sixtli Mreet
in Sliivclys Astoria, f nun north Mde of Wall
street to the sooth side of Berry street, in
the manner uruvidcd liv ordinance No. -lot
on each of tlie following described lots of
land ironllng ujkhi uiai part oi w csi-mui
street, between Wall and Berry streets is due
and jmyxWe at the office of the City Treas
urer in said citv in United States sold and
silver coin, and miles jmid within Ave days
from the expiration of this notice the Com
mon Council will order warrants issued for
the collectionlhereoL The nvtessinent is as
Illk. Lot. Owner. cut and fill. AsVrat,
14 c Mr. Q. L. Adams Ki $113 9)
it 7 C. W. Snivel v 7K l co
c Mrs. Annie Page
7 A. Yan Dusen
1 Mrs. Nancv Welch
1407 ISO 20
KM HI SO
1173 2M CO
710 142 00
74 174 SO
2372 474 40
1074 214 SO
21 427 SO
ra 12 Airs, nancy wcicn
J2 12 Miss M. I. Welch
22 1 L. W.Gray
15 l A. Van Dusen
15 12 A. Van Dusen
By order of the Common Council.
Astoria, Oregon, March 23. 1SS1. 71-l0td
Do you Imagine what is the Finest
and Best Enjoyment and Recreation?
ON CONCOMLY STREET,
Is better than all the gyninastical and sjwrt
exercises iu the eout.tr.
THE TEX PIX ALLEYS
Ate in great vogue iu Euroje just now, and
why slHMihl Astoria stay behind, ns
THE TEN PIN GAME
Ls tin ChcajKM. Healthiest, and most enjoy
able amusement to be found.
THE VERY BEST OF SAN FRANCISCO
National Brewery Beer,
AXD FJtEE LUXCH
Will be served, and the grand Concert Organ
laying sweet strains to cater to jour ear.
Come. Try It. and Enjoy it.
F. W. STECHILYN lessee and Manager
OXE XIG1IT OXI.X !
SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1881.
ESPIHOSA CONCERT COMPANY
EUGENE SCHUTZ Business Manager
1. Duo, two Pianos, Rondo oo. 73 Chopin
Aug. Zech and M. hspiuosa.
2. Caratinn. "Faust" Gounod
Miss Jenny Landsman.
3. Piano Solo, FirstTarauteile Mills
4. Violoncello Solo, Bercus Schroder
5. Song, "Once Again" . Sullivan
Miss Sylvia Gerrish.
1. Piano Solo, Cannce op. 64. . Ketten
2. Duet Hunter's Song ..Kucken
Miss Landsman and Miss Gcrrisli.
3. Yioiincello Solo, Nocturne .Davidon'
4. Song, Si tu savnls , . Balfe
Miss .leuny I-indsman.
5. Trio a. Andante u. Iresto.Mendelssohn
(For Piano, Violin and Yioiincello.)
Messrs. Esplnosa. Coursen and Schmidt.
Reserved scats One Dollar. Box Sheet will
open at Adlers Music store
MAGNUS 0. CROSBY,
HARMBE, ION, STEEL,
Iron Pipe and Fittings,
Pliita anil Steam Filters
SHEET LEAD STRIP LEAD,
SHEET IRON, TIN ANDOTPER,
Stoves, Tin Ware and House
JOBBING IN SHEET IRON, TIN. COP
PER, PLUMBING and STEAM FITTING
Done with neatness and dispatch.
None but first class workmen employed.
A large assortment of
Constantly on hand.
G-. W. HXJIWE
Wholesale and Retail Dealer
ETC., ETC., ETC.,
BLOCK TIN, PIG LEAD,
GUM BOOTS, RICE, ETC., ETC.,
IN QUANTITIES TO SUIT.
ASTORIA, - - OREGON.
MliLLINERY G0 0D1S
SSS5 Dr. Warner's Health
O WWI UM1J UC IJUlblUUCU 111
Af.. ....1.. Kn x..Ut.,.,-n-l :..
fj .lsiuim ill
Masonic Hall Building, cor
ner of Main and Squemoqlie
IRISH FLAX THREADS
Salmon Bet Twine.
Cotton Seine Twine,
Cork and Lead Lines,
Cotton Netting, all sizes.
Seines Made to Order,
Flax and Cotton Twine,
Fishing Tackle, etc.
BARBOUR BROTHERS, .
511 Market Street. San Francisco
HENRY DOYLE & Co.. Managers.
Chas. Stevens & Son,
CITY BOOK STORE.
In room lately occupied by
Largest ai Best Assortment
Of novelties In the stationary line usually
found In a first-class book store, consisting of
BOOKS. FINE STATIONERY,
UUL1J ru UUUU3, AIOJU.U5.
All of which will be sold at prices which
1. S. The latest Eastern and California
periodicals constantly on hand.
CILVS. STEVENS & SON,
Corner Main and Chenamns Streets,
ASTORIA OREO 0.
CIGARS AND TOBACCO,
JOSEPH RODCRS & SONS
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY
AND WE GENUINE W0STENH0LM
and other English Cutlery.
FAIRCHILD'S GOLD PENS
Genuine Meershanm Pipes, etc.
A fine stock of
"Wat r lies and .Towel ry, 3fuzzle and
Breech Loading Shot Guns and
ItiflcM, ilevolvers. Pistols,
ALSO A mfE
Assortment of fine SPECTACLES and EYE
THE DALLY AM) WEEKLY
"OESPECTED AND COMMENDED BY ALL FOR ITS
Impartiality, Ability, Fairness and Reliability.
THE PAPER EOR THE COMMERCIAL MAN,
FOR THE FARMER, FOR THE MECHANIC,
FOR THE MERCHANT, FOR EVERY PERSON.
TER3IS: BY SIAIX..
(POSTAGE FKEE TO AIX SUnSCnillHllS.
DALLY, ONE COPY ONE YEAR 59 oo
DAILY. ONE COPY FOUR MONTHS .". 3 OO
'WEEKLY, ONE COPY ONE YEAR IN ADVANCE 2 00
"WEEKLY, ONE COPY FOUR MONTHS 1 00
C3-Postniasters are authorized to act as agents for The Astoria
STEAM PBINTIjSTG HOUSE
FASTEST AND BEST PRESSES,
AND TYPE OF THE ZATES1 STYLES.
ess- "We purchase Taper, Cards, Ink, and other materials of the manufacturers
AT T.OTV'GST UYinfG KATF.S.
And can therefore afford to use. as we always do. the best articles, while cnarging
Cards. Envelopes, Circulars, Bill Heads and Letter Heads.
THE EVERY DAY WANTS OF THE COUNTING ROOM AND THE
WORK SHOP ARE SUPPLIED AT PRICES WHICH CAN
NOT BUT GIVE SATISFACTION TO ALL.
XS. B.. HAWES,
3, E, HAWES,
TWO DOORS EAST OF OCCIDENT, - - ASTORIA, OREGON,
TREHRD & UPSHUR
PAINTS, OILS, ETC.
AGENCY OF THE
Imperial Mills Flour and Feed.
Chenamns Street, Near Olney,
PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL
PLAS -2? IE JELtt "O.
Orders left at the Occident Hotel, or at ray
Warehouse, foot of Benton Street, promptly
T IME, SAND, BRICK. PLASTER, LATH,
- Cement, and nil materials in my line,
famished to order.
-Special attention paid to Furnace -work
and Ranges. Cistern work warranted good
or no pay.
"Aqent San Juan and NewTacoma lime.
Cannery Supplies of all Kinds.
Ajjent for the celebrated
IIIsli Closets. JLotv Closets, and
IRON PIPES AND FITTINGS OF
Brass Goods, Hose, Etc.,
Water Closets, Bath Tufas, Etc.
ALL WORK WARRANTED
THE UNDEESIGXED OFFEES FOR
sale on hand and to arrive direct from
English Lustre Black Varnish,
Turpentine Asphaltum Varnish,
Benzine Asphaltum Varnish,
No. 1 Turpentine in Barrels,
Brown Japan, in Barrels,
No. 1 Coach, in Barrels,
White Damar, in Barrels,
Coach Varnishes, in Cases.
iSiicic Mnmiliate Paint
FOR IRON AND WOOD WORK.
JAMES LAIDLAW & CO,,
16 X Front Street, Pertlud.
AKNDT & EERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Only Machine Shop
And the best
In the city.
All kinds of --.qcL- 9mx
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
MACHINE SHOP, NEAR KINNEY'S AS
J. H. D. GRAY,
Wholesale and retail dealer in.
ALL KINDS OF FEED,
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc
General storage and Wharfage on reason
able terms. Foot of Benton street. Astoria