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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 23, 1881)
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"WEDNESDAY .... FEB. 23. 1SS1
.INI I tor.
Jilgi Tourree, author of the
Tool's Errand, in a lonir comtnuni
cation to the New York Tribune,
in refuting the allegations of a
southern critic against h work,
shows the fallacy of the charges so
frequently rung at the south re
garding northern carpet-baggers.
In 1SG0 only about one and two
thirds of the jKpulation of the
south were northern born, in all
119,5)13 souls. In KS70 the total
was 130,011, making an increase
of 10,09S in the entire ex-confederacy.
Of this addition North Caro
lina had 401, and South Carolina
172, while Georgia had 140 and
Alabama 503 less than ton years
earlier. Vet all these states were
-professedly overrun by the carpet
baggers. In only three of tin
Mates, viz., South Carolina, Missis
sippi and Louisiana, were there
northeraers enough to carry the
state, with the assistance of the
whole colored vote, against the
southern born whites. As -Judge
Tourgee remarks, it would seem as
if the time had come when "one
shall chase a thousand, and two
put ten thousand to flight.'
The action of President Hayes
in frequently modifying and set
ting aside the verdicts of courts-
martial, m the cases of officers of
the' army tried and convicted of
drunkenness while on duty, has
been very irritating to the army,
and, joined with the exhibition of
personal favoritism in making pro
motions, has caused considerable
demoralization.' A Warrington
paper has made a review of the
.record of the president in cases of
this kind, and the result shows
that of the sixty oflieers tried and
convicted of gross offenses, and
whose sentences were presented to
the president for approval since
the order of November, 1S77, was
issued, nineteen only were con
firmed, -while forty-one were so
mitigated as to retain the offenders
in the military service, to the re
proach and scandal of the army.
In several instances, when the sen
tences of courts-martial were set
aside by the president, the offenses
were of the most flagrant and
scandalous character, the conduct
of the convicted officers having
been quite as disgraceful as the
worst case of drunkenness and
blackguardism known to the police
courts of New York or any other
New York Bulletin: That per
ennial scandal, the river and harbor
bill, at this session, it is reported,
will foot up at least $10,000,000, or
$2,000,000 in excess of the appro
priations of hist year. There are.
"but few members of congress who
have not always on hand a river or
harbor to "improve" for the benefit
of their constituents, though it
sometimes puzzles one to discover
"where these water ways are on the
map. In last year's bill a good
many thousands of dollars were in
this way filched from the public
treasury for "improving"" shallow
trout streams, miscalled "rivers
and "harbors," that were located
xip in the mountain districts; yet
some members, who are half
ashamed of it, allege that they
have to vote for these frauds
to save appropriations for really
.needed improvements elsewhere.
The president is compelled to be
pa-ticeps criminis for a like reason.
Tt is surely h'gh time that this
"barefaced annual steal should be
stopped by making it discretionary
with the executive to affix bis
signature only to such appropria
tions in the bill that are beyond
suspicion. If there is any senator
ior representative really desirous of
-jirotectiug the treasu'-y from this
' sort of log-rollins: let h:m introduce
a bill to that effect, and call the
yeas and nays upon it. The coun
try will then be enabled to deter
mine just where to place the
The Ship Railway .Scheme.
liear-Adrairal Ammen, of the
United States navy, recently ad
dressed a letter to Senator Eaton,
chairman of the senate committee
on foreign affairs, ii which he ex
presses great doubt of the feasi
bility of Captain Ends' ship railway
enterprise. The 1 'ear-Admiral
does not seem to rely so much on
his own knowledge of ships as
upon the opinions of gentlemen in
a position to form correct conclus
ions on the subject. lie trans
cribes various adverse opinions,
one from John loach, a builder,
one from William .!. McAlpine, an
engineer, and one from Commo
dore Gorriuge, who brought the
obelisk across the Atlantic. The
latter thinks a ship might be car
ried across the Isthmus on a rail
way, but doubts if it would float
when returned to its aative ele
ment, But Rear-Admiral Ammen
affords Mr. Eads an opportunity to
demonstrate bow much Rear-Admiral
Ammen does not know about
handling ships, by stating that
"when a vessel is put on the dry
dock, a necessary preliminary is to
discharge her cargo.' Captain
Eads replies that much value can
not be placed upon the opinion of
any man who would make such a
statement, and proceeds to give
instances where the largest class
of vessels have been placed on a
dry dock for repairs without the
removal of any portion of their
cargo. As one fact is worth whole
volumes of theory, the Admiral
may be said to have been placed
hors de combat at the first blow.
It cannot be said that the Rear
Admiral has made a good showing
in other respects, lie has simply
placed on record the opinions of
engineers, ship-builders and nav
igators who are not prepared to
accept Captain Eads' scheme as
feasible. Tt would be Tery re
markable if such opinions
couid not be found. Captain
Eads proposes to do some
thing that has never been done,
and the usual crop of conserva
tives spring up, and assert that he
cannot do it. No one know.
whether he can or not. No
amount of theorizing would de
termine the point. If the opinions
of practical engineers were any
thing like unanimous against it,
there would be reason to proceed
with caution. Bat Captain Eads
produces more names, and equally
as good names, in fa-ror of his
scheme as Admiral Ammen pro
duces airainst it. As a matter of
argument, a plaasible showing,
Captain Eads has much the best
of the encounter. The fact that
he is willing to make the test at
his own expense, is conclusive that
he is confident of success. In
summing up his reply to Admiral
Ammen, Captain Eads says:
If the removal of the isthmus
barrier is to benefit the whole
world generally, and does not hold
out the promise of any especial
benefit to the commerce of the
United States, the Nicaragua route
is a good one for the purpose; but
if the interests of American
commerce are first to be regarded
if this enterprise is to be essentially
American in its character no
other route is comparable to
Tehuantepec. To prove this it is
onlv necessary to state that a ves
sel leaving the Mississippi river
ior san .Francisco, ana going by
the Tehuantepec route, would be
required to steam or sail 1,250
miles less in distance than if she
went by the Nicaragua route. A
vessel leaving New York would
save 700 miles in going to San
Francisco by Tehuantepec, instead
of by Nicaragua. An equal dis
tance would be saved were the
vessel bound for China or Japan.
So, too, bv the Tehuantepec route.
the vessels of the United States
bound for California or the Orient
would have a great advantage in
distance over those of England
and France, while the right in the
United Stares government to regu
late the tolls and discriminate in
favor of American commerce would
render successful European com
The Georgia papers are tellinir
about a recently deceased railroad
conductor of that state who never
smoked a pipe or drank a glass p
whisky. It is just the same with
Chicago conductors. Fifteen-cent
cigars and champagne are good
eneujrn for them.
American Apples in Europe.
According to the report of
the United States consul at
Sonneberir, Germany, written
last November, the first consign
ment of American apples had ar
rived at that port of Germany.
They were "Spitzenbergs," "Bald
wins" ami "Greenings." In less
than twenty-four hours after the
delivery of the apples at Coburg.
every barrel was sold from S-t 50
to 5 a barrel, and a call made for
more. The "Baldwins' and
"Greenings"' were in excellent
conditio)i, but one-third of each
barrel of Spit.enbergs was spoil
ed. Unless carcfullv wrapped in
tissue nanor, the consul thinks
"Spitzenbergs"' are too tender to
Dear the long voyage. The fruit
should certainly be quite sound in
the first place.
When the enterprise was first
broached the croakers were much
amused at tin wildnessof the idea.
Even if the apples could be trans
ported it had been botanically
demonstrated' that all American
fruits, apples included, were far
inferior in aroma and flavor to
European fruit. But in compari
son with their own shriveled and
sour products, especially of this
season, the American apples amaze
them. Specimens were, exhibited
at a local horticultural fair, and. in
spite of the careless packing,
were pronounced superior in mel
lowness and flavor to the native
varieties. The consul thinks there
would always be a demand in that
part of Germany for good Ameri
can varieties, and if the fruit was
so packed as to reduce the loss by
decay to a minimum, prices would
be kept within a reasonable limit.
The foreign debt of Peru amount
to about $222,010,000, and the
loans were all contracted in Eng
land. The foreign debt of Chili is
about $40,000,000, and the bonds
are ail held in England. These
facts explain why English influence
will be exerted at Lima to secure
sut-h an adjustment of affairs as
will not weaken or destroy the
integrity of the Peruvian govern
ment. The Chilian trade with
Great Britain amounts to about
25,000,000 annually, and the Pe
ruvian trade to about $30,000,000.
The New York Shipping List
says: "Extiacts from the annual
report of Mr. Consul Denny at
Shanghai, dated September, 1SS0,
have been going the rounds of the
papers, and a number of homilies
have been written upon the rapid
decay of American shipping in
Chinese waters. These remarks
have been based upon a compari
son which the report contains of
the total tonnage of the different
nationalities which have arrived
and departed from the port of
Shanghai to foreign countries and
other treaty ports for the year
1S7C and 1S'J, from which it ap
pears that in 1S7G the American
tonnage so registered amounted
to 2,410,421 tons, while in 1S79 the
total was only 270,032 tons. In
1S7G a daily line of steamboats
under the United States flag, each
averaging about 1500 tons, was
running up the Yangtze river be
tween Shanghai and Hankow
which materially swelled the ton
nage of our uatioualty in that and
previous years. In 1877 this line
was sold to a Chinese company
and the steamboats passed to that
flag, which accounts for the ap
parent large and sudden decrease
of American tonnage in China
?""AII -uiwrrlbers to Thk A-touiax
are very respectfully invited to act a
ascnt-t for tlie mper. We know that
th're must bo many eo)t who would
ta tlie ivcr "at iteht if a-ked by
;oe friend to do hi. We need our ns
siteaee, ami will cheerfully pay for it.
We will send the nicr one full year to
any six iiersoii- oh may name for the
5ii in of .-! r. Thi you can ae( a
agent for us and make a prtit for onr
aelf. NEW TO-DAY.
J.. TAXKS Dl'K SCHOOL DISTRICT
- No. l. Cfari.-iiHml.alH iH-H UMriot i
MMt be SM liefore Hni " ath. to aoid
exif. a. ;. si'KX.Yirni,
M-td Clerk District No. 18.
BILL HEAD PAPER,
OF EVERY UKADE AND COLOR, PRE?
ed r plain, at lewit rate?, at
The Astoria oEce
G. W. HUIttE
Wholesale and Retail Dealer
ETC., ETC., ETC.,
BLOCK TIN, PIG LEAD,
GUM BOOTS, RICE. ETC., ETC.,
IN QUANTITIES TO SUIT.
ASTORIA, - - ORKC.'OX.
SELLING HER ENTIRE STOCK
5 Dr. Warner's Health
St r f
ik'idii only Ik )mrcliascd n
"PVL' .t Astnri:i r
' WW I MRS- DKKI
fVM I Masonic Hall I'.tii!
f s nerof Main aud S
VLc I J A streets.
Bam nits. di:kkys.
IRISH FLiX THRB1BN
Salmon Net Twine.
Cotton Seine Twine,
Cork and Lead Lines,
Cotton Netting, all sizes.
Seines Made to Order,
Flax and Cotton Twine,
Fishing Tackle, etc.
."511 3Iarket Street. San Fraucinco
HENRY DOYLE & Co.. Manners.
Chas. Stevens & Son
CITY BOOK STORK.
In room lately occupied by
Ifflpst ai Best Assortat
Of novelties! in the stationary 'ne nsiiallj
found in a first-class book store, consisting of
BOOKS. FINE STATIONERY.
;oj.i ten noons, ai.uu.ais.
All of which will be sold at prices which
1. S. Tin latest Eastern and California
periodicals constantly on hand.
CI IAS. STEVENS & SON .
Corner Main and Cbenamus Streets
CIGARS AND TOBACCO,
AND THE GENUINE W0STENH0LM
and other EnslUh Cutlery.
FAIRCHILD'S GOLD PENS
Genuine Dleershaum Pipes, etc.
A fine stock of
Watrlie and .lewelrj-. Muzzle and
IJreeeh Loading Shot ;uii and
K I ties. Revolver. PUtoI.
U0 A KIXK
Assortment or fine SPEC! A( LKS Mild EYE
THE REST OUALITV. wll.l. BE iOLT)
by the hundred, or by the box, rriBtid or
plain, to suit customer, at
Thk Astokmx oSce.
THE DAILY AND WEEKLY
4AS T 0 R I A H -
n , -
"OESPECTED AND COMMENDED; BY ALL FOU ITS
Impartiality, Ability, Famiess and Reliability.
TOE PAPER FOR THE COMMERCIAL JlAN,
FOR THE FARMER, FOR THE MECHANIC,
FOR THE MERCHANT, FOR EVERY PEKS02L
TEIUIS: BY 31 A IT..
ffO-TAK KKUK TO AM. xl'ilM'KIKKftS.)
DAILY. ONE COPY ONE YEAR
DAILY. ONE COPY FOUR MONTHS
"WEEKLY, ONE COPY ONE YEAR IN ADVANCE...
WEEKLY, ONE COPY FOUR MONTHS
03- Pom masters are authorized to act as
THE ASTORIAE"" " '
STEAM PRINTING HOUSE
FASTEST AiYJ) BEST PRESSES,
AiYJ) TYPE OF THE LATES1 STYLES.
er AW purchase IUjter. Cards. Ink. ami other materials f the manufacturers
AT LOWEST TJXUitl RATES.
Ami can therefore afford to use. ;is ue always do. the best articles. hile cuar-itu:
Cards, Envelopes, Circulars, Bill Heads and Letter Heads.
THE EVERY DAY WANTS OF THE COUNTING ROOM AND THE
WORK SHOP ARE SUPPLIED AT PRICES WHICH CAN-
NOT BUT GIVE SATISFACTION TO ALL.
E. R. H AWES,
E. R. HAWES,
TWO DOORS EAST OF OCCIDENT,
TRMCHARD & UPSHUR
Builders f General
PAINTS. OILS, ETC.
ACKXCY OK THK
Imperial Mills Flour and Feed.
Chenamus Street, Near Olney,
wroisi . OREOOV.!
PLAIN NI ORNAMENTAL
:e:his t ies :e.jE2 -fl
Orders left at the Occident Hotel, at my
WarelwHise, foot of Reiiton Street. nroiHitiy
T IME. SAND. IIRICK. PLASTER. LATH,
1J Cement, and all materials in my line,
furnished to order.
tfS'SiKrcIal attention paid to Furnace work
and Ranges. Cistern work warranted good
or no pay.
oarAgent San Juan and NewTaconm Lime.
... S9 00
agents for Thk Astokiax
Cannery Supplies of all Kinds.
Axent for the eclehrated
HiiCii Closets. Low Closets, ami
IRON PIPES AND FITTINGS OF
Brass Goods, Hose, Etc.,
Water Closets, Bath Tubs, Etc.
all work warrantedi
THE I'XDERSIONED OFFERS FOU
sale on hand and to arrive direct from
English Lustre Black Varnish,
Turpentine Aspheltum Varnish,
Benzine Aspheltum Varnish.
No. 1 Turpentine, in Barrels,
Brown Japan, in Barrels,
No. 1 Coach, in Barrels.
White Damar, in Barrels,
Coach Varnishes, in Cases.
Silicic Almuiiiate Paint,
FOR IRON AND WOOD WORK.
JAMES LAIDLAW & CO.,
I X Front Street, Portland.
AKNDT & FERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - ORECON.
Tlie Only 3Iacliine Shop
And the bestj
v3 11 j jr j&
In the city. i
AH kinds of a, j- " ar-
Proiiiptl attended to.
A specialty made -f n pairing
MACHINE MIOP. NEAR KINNEY'S AS
j. 11. d.rayT
vholenle anretail dealer in.
ALL KIX&S Or FEED,
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc.
General storage ami Wharfage on reason
able, terms. Foot of Benton street. Astoria.