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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 10, 1881)
Astoria, Oregon, Thursday Morning, February 10, 1881.
PM Jy JP Jv JUl'I' I &
HARBOR OF REITGE. j at Trinidad would enclose more
BcportorProfTnodsen.Tii.e.protcctMl arc than at Crescent
Coat Survey -lie Favor oitAT- The general facilities for
Trinidad Baj. " .: .. to- l.rW nf rof-
Washington, Jan. 0. Tho
senate, a few days ago. on motion
of Mr. Farley, adopted a resolu
tion calling on the secretary of the
treasury for the copy of a report
made by Professor Augustus (.
Kodgers of the United States coast
survey, on the subject of the pro
posed harbor of refuge to be con
structed' on the Pacific coast at the
most suitable location somewhere
between S.ni Francisco and the
straits of Fttca. The tlasirod copy
will be furnished to the secretary1
of the treasury by the coast sur
vey oflice and transmitted to the
senate early this week. Follow ing
is a summary of th principal
points. The subject was investi
gated by Hodgers at tlte request
of the Pacific coast board of army
engineers, and his elaborate and
valuable report is addressed to
Colonel C. S. Stewart. He con
siders, at the outset as the most
prominent question invelved:
First, the geographical formation
nfthft Pacific coast, relative to
natural harbors; second, the mete
rwlogy of the section of coast to
which the inquiry is directed; and
third, the routes of commerce now
existing, and the future probabil
ity of changing. Attention is
called to the fact that between the
straits of Fuca and San Francisco
bay, a distance covering nearly
eleven decrees of 'latitude, although
there are numerous summer
anchorages, there is not a single
harbor of afe aocesS to a vessel
in distress during the southerly
winds of winter. It is next shown
that any harbor of refuge, located
rith regard to the interests of any
port or fleet on this coast, should
be placed to the north of that port
or ileet. for the reason that the
storm-winds are always from the
south, while the regular fair
weather is marked by north
west and northerly winds. In
other .words, the storm-bound ves
sel should be able to run to lee
ward for safety. Similarly, it is
noted that the Hrst local requisite
of a harbor of refuge should be the
general safety of approach from
'seaward. After completinp; his J for irrhatiim. In the city itself it
general argument, Prof. I'odgersjis used as a sort of pavement,
furnished statistic of trade audi hardening iustantlv and foniiiii"-a
rout Ob of Pacific coasting vessel", :
and proceeds to make a detailed
comparison of the different locali
ties proposed for the harbor of
refuse. Finally he recapitulates
the conclusions at which he has
arrived as follews: As compared
with cape Gregory, Trinidad would
be more commodious, would be
much nearer to the bulk of the
coasting commerce during south
erly gales, equally easy of general
approach, and much more readily
entered with boutheriy winds, and
departed fro in with a northwest
wind. An equal expenditure would
enclose a more protected area at
Trinidad than at Gregory. As
compared with port Orford, Trini
dad is less commodious. The skele
ton harbor of Orford is on a larger
scale as to proximity, and is easily
approached. For the bulk of
coasting commerce, Trinidad is
largely superior to port Orford.
Trinidad has no outlviii": dangers.
Orford has dangerous reefs on the
north and south. An equal ex
penditure at Trinidad would in
close a larger protected area than
at Orford. As compared with
CVescent city, Trinidad is much
more commodious. It is nearer
and would be more acceptable to
the bulk of the coasting commerce
during southerly gales. It is more
easy of general approach, and
could be entered with less risk at
all times. An equal exj enditure
rvii:iiukuii a. mwv. ' -
use at Trinidad I believe to be
greater than at any of the localities
named. 1 lmve the Iiouor to sub
mit to the board of engineers my
erenenil conclusions in favor of
Trinidad bay as being the most
suitable location for a lmrbor of
refuge on the 1 aciuc coast souiii j,js neck js ektlMMl with thunder and death notices, if tlie frienjls of the de
., in, bruits of Fuca. i the "Ion of his nostrils is terrible, eca-ed will -end in the particulars, such
' l --raj; H k h llM? ! , afHr lr t, as naim. date of Iitli. asje, etc. Thla
4i i r .i 4..:... i i. !. we ihuik. as little as tliey can do. and
Oil in Russia.
There may come a time when
the oil we burn will "first see light'
in Itiissia. The oil region now
working is northward, on the Cas
pian sea, and covers the country
about Jjaku. In S'rl a company
for the first time set to work to
make use of the abundant depos
its, which answered to the most
primitive method of collection.
Of wells, iu the American sense of
the. word, there was none. .Mere
holes pumped into the ground
answered all practical purposes for
the emission of the liqird into
such rude receptacles as the com
pany provided. Early in the
autumn there were between 400
and 500 of these openings at
various depths of ooO to TOO feet.
These are in many cases described
as flowing fountains, yielding as
high as GOO barrels per diem. The
spontaneous flow is in most cases
limited to from three to four
months when pumping is requisite.
Thus far the means for refining
are so imperfect and the difficul
ties of transportation so great that
the yield, though unlimited and
apparently inexhaustible, has hard
ly created an effect on the market.
The wells are so far from lines of
transportation, rail or water, that
for the moment the oil is largely
wasted, or, if not, sold at such a
price as to barely cover the cost
of production. This, however.
is now to be changed. A rail
road, 300 miles long, is in process
of .construction, which is to be
provided with oil tanks, and with
in the next two years the Euro
pean market can be fully supplied
by this immense leservoir. To
day it sells in the city of Baku
lor six cents a barrel anil is used
compact coating eapithlc of two or
three dnys endurance. Tin oi!
will certainly supersede the Ameri
can fluid in Europe and there is a
future possibility thut it may yet
M jejiius C. Crosby has a tirst-duss
workman, ami is prewired to do all
kinds of jobbing in tm, sheet iron and
copper, plumbing ami stonm fitting.
Full satisfaction guaranteed or money
When you want a di&h of nice
Eastern Oysters done tip a la mode, or
a good steak, or a fragrant cup of
coffee, call at Frank Fabres on the
roadwa3', and he will accommodate
you. Open at all hours.
Bath tubs, water closets, sinks
and hot water apparatus, furnished!
hotels and private residences, at lowest
rates ami shortest notice, by Magnus
C. Crosby, at the little tin shop "round
--Thk Astohian job presses will
fit yon out with j-our winter supplies
of letterheads, bill -heads, cards,
envelopes, etc., etc., at astonishingly
low rates, and in exquisite style. Call
and see samples of work done for
ly a recent postal decision men
chii actually make money by tjotting
their bills and statements of accounts
printed. Statements of accounts and
bills of sale when made out on paper
having printed bending., can be sent
by mail for one cent, it the envehqie
is left unsealed; whereas, if it is made
out on unpriuted piqier, it wdl cost
three cents. Thus by patronizing The
A8TOKIAX two cents can be saved on
. every bill or statement that is sent out
through the mail.
In something written we have anj
indistinct recollection of having madei
reference to a eitoral disposition
miiiuiu lir.vc in timir titans ri11 9-A
u,.,. ..f .'JUM. ....- ,. ..nlwlitoi. I
""J" " . J --, ." .... . ......
and blosa the w-kl with their lro-
fonnd knowledge of the horse and his
hwtory. Our books and newspapers! I
are full of this kind of literature, and ;
it varies in stvle from the production j
nf rho hilrt school, eommencimr
w. ..... ...... - j,
witli: Jli'i Horse ns iour iej;s aim a
tail; up to the eloquent tribute of the '
scholar when he quotes trom .leb: T hat
thunder f the captains and thej
siiomin". i.wween witsse iwo ex-
, ... it .i ... ... i
treiiius ot tlie eh lid at Ins hrst school
the professional j
literature. we have every yradeof pre-) iim carriis with it a certain moral in
tention, and each professing to have I tluenee. Mt iK'ople ramiot resist the
mastered the whole subject. As we ; jwprearfon that a man who advertises .a
i '. i r i.;CT ..:., n. an:e Mock of fresh nooils, is more likely
approach tne ylose of this nineteenth to ,wvt. tliein than 07,e w,;o (l(HS not (io
century, we oeipn to look for some- so. Advertisiinj has at least one sood
thing better in this department of
knowledge from those who assume to
instruct" And it is to be found in I
Kuudalhi TrcariM; on the horn, sent
land, Astoria. Oregon
The Ceutral hotel, near the steam
ship dock is now open for the recep
tion of quests, where the well known
caterer, Mr. Anton Deloh will always
be found ready to wait on his patrons.
Lie has had the above named house
thoroughly reStted by Messrs. Pike
and Stockton, our well known artists.
Call and see hint, as he has the finest
brands of liquors and cigars to be had
iu the city.
Something Xrw and Choice.
Have you already tasted the delici
ous smokeit sardines, excellently
adapted for lunuheon or supper If
not, try them at once. Ask your
grocer for them; they are put up ex
pressly for family use.
Sevei-il furiiUhed or unfurnished
rooms at Mrs. Mnnsons lodging
house. Also, a few persons can have
board if required, cither ladies or
Canneryiueii would gam much bv
leaving us their orders for incidental
printing now.to be done leisurely dur
ing the winter months sariug time
and money, and avoiding the risks of
a spring rush of .work.
McConiuclkVr almanacs for 1881.
At the OitvZlJook Stre. Charles
StevenVtv: Souoppo3itethe Bell-tower.
Gray's wwd yard is now fitted up
on the wharf fot of Benton street.
and prepared to deliver wood to any
part of the city sawed to any length,
and full measure.
For the tniat Beer iu Astoria,
call for the WxJw lifeHxey llerr.
acknowledged to le superior to all
Frank Futar has removed in
to Dr. KiiH.ys building on Water
street. Un the rid to the atemtier
dock from dwii town, lnjfore break
fast, it will )hw U bandy to drop iu
and get a cup of coi&e.
Mr. John Jtoeers, of the Central
Market, has made arrangements to
keep all the finest fresh fish, etc., in
Have Wi-tar" Imi.ou of wild clierry
alwa at hand. It cure- eoush-. colds.
bronehitis. whoophiK eouli. croup, in
lneii7Jt.coiiMimtiiii.MHd all throat and
hint; complaints. ?j0 rcnN ami -1 a lot
tle. Marvel not that I sy unto you, ye
must pay the printer. Whosoever
noglecteth to pay the printer, hath
not eternal lifu abiding in him. Who
hath soitow, who hath woe, who hath
the nightmare! They who forget to
render unto the printer his just dues.
If a man live many years and jHiyeth
not for Tin: Astorian, behold he
shall not die iu peace till he hath re
stored to the printer that which he
rrThcrc is not how any lietter news
paper, nor one more consistently de
voted to the huildiug: up of the country
than Thk Astokian. At the price of
Two Dollars rn'ryear it is the chcaiKst.
as well as the best. With your aid and
eiicoiiraeini'iit wo shall noaolc to make
fiirthcr improvements to enhance its!
field of iisefulm5. j
Jhat ideasiire it is to py ones
dchts! In thelir-t place.it rciuovcsthat.
iilieji-im wliii-li u iwr-iiii fiHl fnim '
mail to any per,,, for twenty-live - X'ESn" & XX
, postage imhI. Appl to 1 n E TcllU v able to buv lo.vcr thail .,', neih.
i.n otlice, or address D. C. Ire-1 bors. Jlanv neonle imacine that the ef-
dependence and obligation. It affords J t tn Ph" will he pn.mHl attcad
pleasureto the creditor, and therefore eii.s cu ,... . Franei-oo iw.rs4d -u
gratifies our siadal affection. It j.ro Jtiirfpiace hn"iw' al
nudes that future coiifideucc' which is so , njj. BOCK. Prai'rietor."
intcrestinjrlo an honc-l mind. Itojiens. -
a prospect of being- readilj supplied t QI'lLES.
with wliat m want on future occasions, j jj
It leaver a consciousness of our virtue: J Tlie undersigned is prepared to furnish
ami it is a measure we know to lie ripht, a large uninlter of Spiles and Smrs at hi!
ooui ill jioinioi Jiisiiceami soumi eeon-
omy. Finally, it is tne inaiii : support 0t.
my. Finally, it is the main support of.
mple reputation. Pay ns, that we may
Get your legal blanks at The
Astokian office. A full line of over
two hundred styles.
" i i.e ik '; that which
-:i. reiiu.ri iui uie fauiih -ir-ie.
zs .- :
"Nev-ier xdvertwin" is n
-.-tN'jMia i,y ourino won uHvintr faith in
'.f-r .-ri. wnre-, a the Soo-t'eneetive
,!, - ,n - f-r -wrm ft thwir ware; a wida
rtA tnlh! t their murte,
- A advertisement, snM one of
f!i,.,.r,.i ,.,. -has an effect like that of
- ing IurM- to tlie water you may do
ut " cannot make them driiik."
': mi cvrliiiiily cannot do so If
.(MI ,,, i.i'u Miami in vviiiiir
-iielhiii" to do UutL
rr-Yv are always ready to publish
- ;mm.h .,,, iM.ov'tfk,-nflli. f
own nary notices must hemud for.
. .. .--.-- ,. - o
jrd-Look at it as you wdl, advertis-
chance In its favor,
P2r Why are advertisers able to sell
at the lowest prices? J s it not because
feet of advertisinsr is onlv to enable a
merchant to sell. The re-active effect
on his ower to buy well Is often lost
;C-.V coiiieiiijHiniry swy-: A mwv
p-iper ami a newspaper editor that iieo- pnF iycitbavcp rnrjzjv
Pie do.it talk about and oiiieliuHMKE 12,:?LKALE COMPANIES.
.i-e are rather lor coiieern-S The I
men and buslines that an editor some-1
times feeN it a duty to defend at a risk!
of making PiieinicJ of another class, are
often the vor first to show ingratitude.
The editor who cxH.els to receie much '
charilj or gratitude will soon find out '
in- iiumukc: nut lie snniiiu go aueai
ami n anu oo u;ii lie coiiscieiuiousiy
thinks right without regard lo frowns or
yr-The free lands of the west are
being taken up ami settled this year to a
tleiiree most gratifxine. iu the faee of
the over-crowded mechanical depart
mentsof metropolitan life. Several mil
lions more acres of homesteads have
been entered for settlement at the var
ious land oflices this ear than in the
lnt year, anil otill the western movement
continues iu force. And this is the only
iolutioti of the laltor troubles, hot the
nneirrploj cd'Oome and Im-coiiio producers
instead of consumers.
JZST-W'c see how life gets coined at
our mint, so that the world somehow
wears the stamp of the die cut into our
liiMirt. i know limv :t tief of cnnH
fortune brichtens the air: how some im
lauding evil puts the edge of a spiritual
eclipse upon the sun: how suddenly ill
fortune in business will seem to make
the very .) rings of lieauty bankrupt;
how the sirkness of a dear friend turm
ii'iture pallid; how the death of one
whom we hue will convert all the trees
loeypn-seand the music of the uni
verc Ikvoiucs a lenuium: but how can
yon epeet vonreitv to prosper if you
il-niol p;ilront7tlte local press? uo
r.ot ei: succeed as a merchant, or a
imchaiiic. and not advertise?
Wood Choppers Wanted
AT ONE DIU.I.AR .VXD TVKXTY-KI I-ei-iit".
M-r cH-il. Ajihlv xl
-ThUh WII-SO.n'a FKSHERS M.t.
Olympic Club Notice.
I3ERSON- IiKMRINC TO .HUN !!II.
. Oini;ii- C.Mn.i.i-iiHii itui il lt a;
pIviMS lo llu iiiider-iiK-d.
:-1h S. T. M KEAX. serreJarv
Notice to Subscribers to Morning
IRO.M AXI) AFTER Tills DATE MR.
. IvMK.-He I- Tlrp Hill deliver anl iihltn-l
forth )n hi.;ui 1m this eil. All IhIS iltte
iMiiNt bf iul ihiIv to liiiti or to iIh' uiiiler--i-iH-d.
II V. HOI.HEX.
iT--w A;e lit fir the nro4iiaa.
rnVEvr dollars will p.r. paid
X fortlH recovery of eaeh irf the hoote
of four ChiHaiiien tlmuiu'il iu i'tii!ii(.a rixer
near ISnHikfield on Wednesday la-t. while
So? fnHii Pillar ruck to RMHiklifld. Out
wa twei:ty-4Hie years of nse.aud htd on
hK ierMMi at the nine a ch-rk ttt $M.u.
M'en riollars in hHit. The 3eotul wa
I went -IlirtH- car old and had a ii-to! ami
Men ilollarsiii .er. The third u;i tneiiix
hmr yar old and had three tteiit dollar
sold piece-, a tweiity-ttveeetit irfee. .OmI a
-liver mil eh. Tlie fourth ua- tim'Utj-eihl
ear-okl:unl hail sl.v. m -4iL Tne :iIh
reHtinK will Ih pnM v lln- ndeisten-e-l.
i.Vx rurxi; & o..
OrCHIX LfXC. PoitUHiLOr.i4i.
A -InrtH. Oregon. sT.iUwIh.'
GFItMANlA UKFAi. HALL
KOYILY. UKER DKPOT
CttKSxrVS STXPhT AsTwKU.
The livt of Layer.? CYs. a Glass
Onlers for tin
Celelirateii Colauliia Brewery
piateoii-iiuji uuuec, ai rea-oaauie raies.
Ai'i"J lu v"',:VAr.';M.',.
-pRIXTED AD E01TXD TO ANY SIZE,
JT ad ruled to any ordr, at
i -Iar Aaroitis omee.
ilSAXKLSG ASD INSURANCE.
X, W, CASE.
ASTORIA, ... OREGON
FRO.M & O'CLOCK A. if. UTIL 4
O'CLOCK P. M.
Home Mutnal Insurance Co.,
I. F. IIotT.HTON
OHO. 1. STOKV
....Asent for ion
QtjHtal jmkt up in U. P. pAd
coin ... $ 3x) OoO W
I. W. CASK. Agent,
ChoR&mus street. Astoria, Oregon.
LIVERPOOL AD LO'HON AND
NORTH RR1TISH AND MERCAN
TILE OF LuNDON AND
OLD CONNECTICUT OF HART
COMMERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA
Kepresenting a capital of S57,0OO,OO0.
a. VAN DUSEK. Anent.
tTATE.T c- , v-r T,rcT . TTT , r
wWli5.1 A -S JJ Klbi A U LAiNIb.
a. j. sikoi.fi:. c.s. wisioht
MEGLEK & WKIGIIT. Proprietors.
riHIE PROrRIETORS ARE HAPPY TO
X announce that the above hotel has been
repainted ami refurnished, adding greatly to
the eomfiirt of its;niets and is now tlie best
hotel north of San FnuicNeo.
C. W. KNOWLKS.
PORTLAND. - -
- - OltEGVN
ZIEBER S. KN0WLES, Proprietors.
Free coach to and from the house.
cb-Tiik Dah.v Astokiax is on file at the
Clarendon Hotel reading room.
Pioneer Restaurant Hotel.
MAIN STREET. - - - ASTORIA
."Ir?4. S. X. Arrlsoni. Proprietor
rpHETRAVELIXlf PflSLIC WILL FIXD
X the Pioneer first clavs in all respect-. and
a share of tlieir patronage l respectfully
SlKtnI and lodging by theday or week.
M MX STREET. - - ASTORIA..
JO.sEPH MATTHEWS. PROPR.
mills ISA FIILST CLASS RESTAURAXT
A. ket oh the EiiroiiCMii iIan. Fresh o
ters in eery -tle Mam street, between
ROSCOE'S FIRsf CLASS
MAIX STREET. A.sTORIA.
'JIKE I XDERsIGNKD I PLE.VSED TO
.a. auuoiinee to tin-
Ladies' and Gentlemen of this City
That Ik- i- now iremred to fiirui-h for them,
in ttr-t elsi-s -tyle. ami eer" stjle4
oysters. : nor; COFFEE. TEA, ETC.
Ladies and Gent's Oyster Saloon.
Ilea-e give me a will.
ROSCOE DIXOX. Proprietor
The New York Oyster Saloon
Will serve to their teti-touier- from this
i'. a- Trio ws
TEA. COFFEE, CHOCOLATE.
Eastern Oyster? Always on Hand.
And will be kept as a first class Oyster Sa
hMMi. in tir-i ela stj le.
DAXIEL I J j: A XT. 31anager.
PIKE & STOCKTON.
PAPER HANGING AND WALL COLORING
GLAZING PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
e"SlMip next dcor to Astorian Ofllee, m
First Class Saloon.
.L.I. RILEV. - - PROPRIETOR,
On the Roadway, opposite the Oregon Rail
way and XavlgHtiou Co wharf.
Jew Bagatelle Table,
(The Qhinese must go.
The choicest brands or foreign and domestic
WIXES. LiqUORS AXD CIGA11S.
e-BcMt Chicas Beer.-Stt
Q. A. BOWLBY.
ATTORNEY AT LA.
CheHaHiii Street. - ASTORIA. OREGON
ri W. FULTOX.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ASTORIA - - - OREGON"
OfRee iver Ta-e & Allen's store. Cavs streeC
T V. KO Kit.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ASTORIA ... . OREGOIT
OfHce over "Warren & E&tiMiS Astoria 3Iar
ket. opposite tlie yecnlent Hotel.
AUCTIONEER. COMMISSION AND IN"-l
A VAN DUSEN.
C'lieiiaiaiLs Street, near Occident Hotel,
Apent Wells, Fargo & Co.
Tyai. I). BAKKK. 31. I.
Okfii'K Next door to Capt. Rosen rcsl
denee. (:w Stieet.
Okfuk Hoi its From ! a. m. to n a.m
and from -j e. n. to 4 r. m.
p r. JiiciKs.
ASTORIA, --- - OREGON.
Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, corntr
of Cass and Sqemocqhe streets.
t. .ir. I. JKXXIXCS.
PHYSICIAX AXD SlTOEON".
Graduate University of Virginia. 1868.
Phj-siclan to Bay View hospital. Baltimore
Okfick In Page & Allen's buildiie, up
JAY TUTTIiK. M. I).
PHYSICIAX AXD SURGEON".
OfKicK-Over the White House Store.
Rksiukxck Xext door to Mrs. Munsoa'a
l)oarding house. Clienaimis street, Astoria,
T C. OKCIIARI.
T A. McIXTOSH.
Oceident Hotel Building.
ASTORIA - - - OREGON
BAIA' d: CO..
Doors. IVIndnwM. BlindH, Trax
soinM. litimher. Etc.
All kinds of Oak Lumber. Glass, Boat Ha
Steam itill near Weston hotel. Cor. Geu
evUeand Astor. streets.
1 G. FAlfiFOWL & SON,
STEVEDORES AND RIGGERS
Portland and Astoria, Oregon
Refer by pennL-sionto Itogerj.MeyeraJkGb,
Allen i Leiri.CorbittiMacleay.
Occident Hotel Hair Dressing Saloon'
ASTORIA - OREGOX.
Hot. ('old. slimier.
4,euni and sulphur -ggE?jfefcJi
GfSpecial attention given toludies'ani
hililreH's hair cutting.
Private Entrance for Ladies.
W 1 1X1.131 FRY.
BOOT AAI MIOK
Ciikn3U's Sthkrt. opposite Adler's Book
store. - AsTOKlA. Oi:koo.
ZxT Perfect fits guaranteed. All wortc
warranted. (JIe nie a trial. All order
J. T. B0R0HERS,
CONC03ILY fcTKEET. ASTOKIA,
Manufacturer and Packer of
CAVIAR, SMOKED SALMOK.
Cash paid for fresh
BLACK STUKGEOX SPA"WN.
Smoknd Sturgeon, and smoked Salmon put
up in tins to ship to any part of the worldV
Also, trout halt l salmon eggs) put up in cans
and warranted to keep anj length of time.
Depot at Rogers Central .Market, comer ot
Cass ami Chrnnmus M reels. Astoria.
T. F. CULLEN and C E. BARNES
VIOLIN, PIANO, GUITAR, COR
NET AND BANJO,
Would like a few pupils on either of tke
Terms Eight lesions for five dollars.
g-Orders left at Stevens & Sons book
store will be promptl attended to.
XlII.S.IILr. FEED AiD HAY.
C:isli paid for count rv produce. Small
profits on c:usli sales. Astoria, Oregon, cor-r
uer of Main and Squeniocuhe streets.
'1 ? AAA POUNDS RAGSOFaUkmdy,
, 1'JiVVA; clean and lr, at theUmbrcllx.
suuK, Jiiuuaucci, oy o..iuriitT
,WBL- -- aLjr ...