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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 5, 1881)
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SATURDAY FEB. 5. ISSl
.C. IRELAND Editor.
Live Stock ami Leather.
Intimately connected with th
live stock interests of this country
is the increasing consumption of
leather. We do not produce
leather enough, b- a vast amount,
to supply our wants. During the
year ending June i50th last, there
-were imported into this country
raw hides valued at nearly JO,000,
000, and leather valued at nearly
$12,000,000. During the same
time we exported hides and leather
valued at $7,000,000. Here is a
difference of 3o,000,000 paid to
foreign countries during the last
fiscal year; and it is shown by the
returns that the consumption of
leather of all descriptions increases
every year, while the sources of
.supply are no greater than they
were a. score or mote of years ago.
Aside from the increase in our
population, there areseveial prom
inent causes for the rapid increase
of this consumption. Shoes made
from cloth of different kinds are
.not worn as much as formerly; at
all events their use lias not kept
pace with the increase of popula
tion. At the south the dematnd
for boots and shoes has very large
ly increased within the decade just
past, and the Indian has fallen
rapidly into the fashion among the
whites, by throwing away his moc
casins, while thousands of foreign
ers seeking our shores have drop
ped their sabots for leather foot
gear, l ne largely mcreaseu cte
jnand for harness, growing out of
the use of horses on so main
farms where oxen were employed
fifteen and twenty years ago, fur
sishes additional reason for the
notably increased consumption of
leather of late years. These are
some of the causes which are
operating to produce the increased
consumption of leather.
It may be asked, what this has
to do with live stock, or how it af
fects that interest. It has an inti
mate connection with it and at the
isame time affects, very materially,
the industries and wealth of the
country in other directions. Of
the value of tint hides senf across
the ocean we can form no definite
estimate for the approximate num
ber of beasts exported is not at
hand; but that it is immense is
known to all. These hides, or
their equivalent in others, or in
leather we are obliged to import,
and many more besides. It is a
question, after all, whether in sche
duling the United States under
its foreign diseases act, the British
government did not blindly do us
a favor in disguise and itself an
injury m more directions than one.
simply to appease the clamor of
its farming interests. So far as
hardship to American fanners and
shippers is concerned by the
sweeping order of the Privy coun
cil, that action is not relieved by
any remote mitigating circumstan
ces, or ultimate advantage to us;
and if we fail to take advantage
of them the fault is our own.
Looking at the subject in all of its
bearings, the important iuquiry
confronts us whether it would not
"b t to our advantage to ship dead
meat altogether fey one or more of
the systems of cold storage, which
are known to be practical and
effectual, than to send fat live cat
tle across the ocean. The chief
obstacle in the way of the adoption
of the system, however, is the dis
inclination of English butchers
and dealers in beef to provide cold
storage for the meat at Liverpool
and interior points, where a con
siderable portion of it could be
sold. "With such suitable recep
tacles provided, there would doubt
less be much less risk to thuse en
gaged in supplying the English
markets with American beef than
tiow attends the transportation of
9ive beasts. And another thing
-worth considering is this: From
present indications it is not im
probable that there will soon be a
modification of the restrictions put
upon the importation of American
cattle into Great Britain, so as to
allow the admission ef "frames"
cattle not fat which English and
Scotch farmers and feeders are de
sirous of obtaining to fatten for
British markets. We doubt very
much the wisdom of sending such
cattle abroad. There is more
profit iu putting grass and grain
into beef and pork and selling
them in that form than sending
the raw material abroad, and if the
difficulties attending the preserva
tion of fresh meat after its arrival
on the other side of the water can
be overcome (and that they can be
if enterprising foreigners will era
ploy well-established methods or
some "blarsted Yankees" will
take the initiative is certain), the
whole problem will be satisfactorily
solved. Thus, not only farmers
and feeders, but the entire people
would be the gainers in various
directions, and from every point
of view, as we believe, if the ex
portation of live cattle should
cease and the equivalent of the
beasts in dead meat was shipped
instead, it would be a great ad
vantage to the United States. We
say this in the shape of the fact
that shipments of dead meat have.
fallen off during the year, and the I
exportation of cattle has increased;
but this is. accounted for, not be-
cause the shipment of beef ipiar -
ters is impracticable, ut on ac
count of the preference of English
butchers aud others for beef
slaughtered upon its arrival at the
point of debarkation, the reasons
being, no doubt, purely those pro
moted by self interest.
On the loth of December atS
o'clock in the morning, four ear
loads of silk-worm eggs started by
the way of the Central Pacific, the
North western and the Pennsylva
nia roads, on their way to the east.
These precious cargoes are brought
overland periodically. The four
car-loads which started from San
Francisco on the loth, aud passed
through Chicago on the 20th of
December, were valued at $2,000,
000. The cargoes are brought
across the continent under special
contracts, the earners undertaking
no liability for their safe carriage.
It is absolutely necessary that the
teeiperature of the cars should be
maintained equally between 40
and 70 degrees. At 40 the eggs
are chilled and ruined, At 70 the
hatching is hurried, aud the worms
are produced before they have
anything to feed upon. In case
of accident, causing a delay in the
mountains, the cars might become
chilled, and a total loss be en
tailed. The time made in the last
shipment was extraordinary. Ou
the nirht of December 14th the
eggs arrived in San Francisco
from Japan; at S a. .m., December
lo, they were started on their way
over the Central Pacific railroad;
on the morning of December 20
ther reached Chicago, and a few
days later they were in New York.
They were immediately put on
board the French steamer Labra
dor, and in an hour after their ar
rival in Jersey city they were on
their way to France.
Major William Gouveneur .Mor
ris, United States treasury agent,
will soon transmit to Washington
a very exhaustive report on Alaska
and its resources, iu fact a more
valuable and complete treatise on
that section than he has ever pro
duced before, all of which means
that he is faithfully performing the
herculean task of bringing Alaska
propdrly before the public mind.
We confidently expect to see con
gressional legislation in the near
future that will emancipate Alaska
from her crude and inefiicient form
Mr. William II. Yanderbilt, who
once could not raise a few hun
dred dollars to pnv off a inortjnure
on Staten Island farm, is now
worth $ 00,000,000. Jay Gould
is thought to be worth S50,000,000.
Astor is worth 30,000,000. J. B.
'Keene has 10,000,000. Ex-Governor
E. D. Morgan is thought to
be good for the same amount.
SODA WATER, 3Cr
Sparkling Wimps and Caripnated leverages.
AppamtUK for Jinking. Rottlin?.
Cntlete OutfitsM;TierialJ and Suoplies.
KMjtMtslicil 48 ycais. .Ill unrated and .'riced
Catalogue sent tnuiaddrtonapplication.
Send vnur orderdiectto
i OH X .H ATTII KWS.
FirM A rni -2t &. -7th St., New York.
ameki can a'a lextjxes,
IN fl.AT VARIETY.
Wei De Meyer's
Ilr. UVi Ic
'yer in rei
age, auLH. packages in ..". 'Si cents a pack
age alif new -1 cent Maiim Cure, will le
Si f n by us and Wludi-salr Dnm;isls. in e
cIihhz? lor Iht a rent stamp VTei De
I 3IejrTs Catarrh Curr,
i). n. iiEWKY&ro..
; le M.. N. Y.
FURHITURE AUCTION SALE,
Saturday Feb. 5th, at 2 P. M.
I AM INSTRUCTED Til SKI.!. AT MY
1 MUcUoU ItMlllls
:t Cottase Bed-room Sets Complete.
I Double BedMead. Bureau and
4 Double Spring 3 1 attract,
l'ltlu l'.iiN. Tillowsaiid Bolster. Chairs. Ta
llies. Wash-bowls ami BaMns. Castor. Mir
ror. Window Shades. Clock, our large Box
Sim i and one Cook Stove. AIo.
'Z Second Hand Sewing machine.
And a HK of Miud:ics.
r-3 K. C. IIOI.HKN. Anoiioiif-r.
Notice to Subscribers to Morning
TROM AM) AFTER THIS DATE Mil.
X. Eugene l Thorp will deliver and collect
for the Ort-gouiau in this city. All lulls due
iHiist In hiiI Hil to him or to the under
signed. E. C. HOLDEN.
JZ-zw Agent for Hie oregonian.
O SECOND- O
TT. M. W. BAND,
Asstsied l the leading I a! en I of Woriy.
ami Prof. Francis
At Liberty Hall, Tuesday Ev'ng,
FKBKl'AKY S, 1KSI.
1. Selection, lmnd. - - Tilliard
3. Overture. "Caliph of Bagdad" - Boieldicu
Violin, Comet and 1'iano.
4. Yeaniing" Tenor Solo, - Marion
.". Song and Chorus, "The Utile
Ones at Home" -
Members of the band.
ci. Electric Polka, (sleigh bells ac
". Soprano m1o. -
1. lialon Ue Coiicerte. baud - - Pnndio
'Z. ltccitalioti .....
8. Comet .solo - Hairoud
4. Piano solo. "Alice" - - .1. Aseher
.". Dnette, "Kobin liiiti"
6. Soprano Selection, - V. Cain
7. OvertHre. "Murmuring of the
YhiHii. Cornel and Piano.
IJeservinl seats-. ;
E. R HAWES.
riraler in J
Cannery Supplies of all Kinds.
Apcnt for the cclrlinitcil
HIGH CLOSETS, LOW CLOSETS,
IRON PIPES AND FITTINGS OF
Ifrngs Goods, Hose, Etc..
BATH TUBS, Etc.
S-ALL "WORK WARRANTED'
TWO DOORS EAST OF OCCIDENT.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer
ETC.. ETC., ETC.,
BLOCK 1TIX, PIG LEA.D,
GUM BOOTS, KICK. ETC., ETC.,
IN QUANTITIES TO SUIT.
ASTORIA. - - URECUX.
H Dr Warners Health
?4Mif Ailoria at
P-.i milt !w iuirtliivt.1 m
i ' MaMMih Hall ISiiilclius.
.'l nerot Slain ami Squt-uu
t l ' streets.
IRISH FLAX THREADS
Salmon Net Twine.
Cotton Seine Twine,
Cork and Lead Lines,
Cotton Netting, ail sizes.
Seines Made to Order,
Flax and Cotton Twine,
Fishing Tackle, etc.
Sll 31 arket Street. Sau Fraurlco
HENRY DOYLE & Co.. Managers.
Ghas. Stevens & Son
CITY BOOK STORK.
In room lately occupied by
Largest ni Best Assortment
OI novelties in the stationary line usualh
found iu a flrst-cla.s.s book store, counting of
BOOKS. FINE STAT10NEKY.
COLD TEN HOODS, ALBl'MS.
All of which will be sold at prices which
1. S. Tlie latest Eastern and California
periodical coiibtantlv on hand.
TH AS. STEVENS & SON.
Corner Main and Chenamus Streets,
ASTORIA OR EOON.
CIGARS AND TOBACCO,
AND THE GENUINE W0STENH0LM
and other En;li-b Caller;.
FAIRCHILD'S GOLD PENS
Genuine Meershaum Pipes, etc.
A tine stock -f
Watcher ami .leu'elry. luzzle ami
Itrrech Loading Shot Gun and
Itlllc-. itevolvorx. PUtoIx.
Assortment of lim slECTAl LES and EYE
qHE BEST OUALITY. WILL BE SLD
JL by the hundred. rby tae bx, priatcd or
plain, to sii customer?, at
The Asrefcus oStc
THE DAILY AND WEEKLY
TJESPECTED AND COMMENDED BY ALL FOR ITS
Impartiality, Ability, Fairness and Reliability.
THE PAPER FOR THE COMMERCIAL MAN,
FOR THE FARMER, FOR THE MECHANIC,
FOR THE MERCHANT, FOR EVERY PERSON.
TKiniS: BY 31 A 1 1..
(i'0tv:e kiikk to ll SL'iu'i:n:hKs.t
DAILY. ONE COPY ONE YEAR y lK)
DAILY. ONE COPY FOUR MONTHS 3 yo
WEEKLY. ONE COPY ONE YEAR IN ADVANCE 2 00
WEEKLY, ONE COPY FOUR MONTHS 1 00
ritinasUirs are authorized to act as awnts for Thk Ahrom.vx
' THE ASTORIAN
STEAM. PRINTING PIOUS
FASTEST AND BEST PRESSES,
AXD TYPE OF THE LATEST. STYLES.
nnsr We purchase I'aper. CanN. Ink, ami other in:iteri:i!s of the lunuufacturen
AT LOWEST LIVIAii RATKS.
Ami can thcrrfre affori'lto usr, as ne ahax lo. tin Hh-m articles. w)iU' criargiiig
Cards, Envelopes, Circulars, Bill Heads and Letter Heads.
THE EVERY DAY WANTS OF THE COUNTING ROOM AND THE
WORK SHOP ARE SUPPLIED AT PRICES WHICH CAN
NOT BUT GIVE SATISFACTION TO ALL.
PAINTS, OILS, ETC.
ACENCY OF THE
Imperial Mills Flour and Feed.
Chenamus Street, Near Olney,
THE TNDEltSICNED OFFERS FOR
sale on hand and to arrie direct from
English Lustre Black Varnish,
Turpentine Aspheltum Varnish,
Benzine Aspheltum Varnish.
No. 1 Turpentine, in. Barrels.
Brown Japan, in Barrels..
No. 1 Coach, in Barrels.
White Damar. in Barrels.
Coach Varnishes, in Cases.
Silicic Aluniiimte Paint.
FOR IRON AND WOOD WORK.
JAMES LAEDLAW & CO.,
I; ?: Front Street. Portland.
J. H. JD. GRAY,
WnolessUe and retail dealer in.
ALL KIXJDS OF FEIZD,
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc.
General storage and Wharfage on reason
able term?. Foot of Benton street. Astoria
JAKNDT & FERCHEN,
I ASTORIA. - ORECOX.
;Tlie Only 3Iacliine Shop
And the bet
s u n 13
In the city.
All kinds of
J'roinptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
MACHINE SHOP, NEAR KINNEY'S AS
I'LAIX AND ORNAMENTAL"
JE Ij SLS T IS 3EX.E3 Xt
Order, left at the Occident Hotel, or at my
arehoiue,font of Benton Street, promptly
f IME, SAND. BRICK. PLASTER. LATH.
- Cement, and :dl materials in my line,
fHrnblu'd to order.
freSpeeIaI attention paid to Furnace work
and Ranges. Citern w ork warranted good
or no pay.
2Auent San Juan and New Taconia Lime.
Wilson & Fishef
LUBRICATING OILS, COAL OIL,
PAINTS AND OILS.
Sheet, Round, and Square Prepared
PROVISIONS, MILL FEED,
GARDEN SEED, GRASS SEED.
Which will he exchanged for country pro
duce or sold at Iouestt prices.
Corner Clieiiaimis and Hamilton Streets
GERMANIA BEER HALL
BOTTLE BEER DEPOT.
CKKXAUUS StRKET. ASTORI.t.
The Hot of Layer 5 CfsM Glass
Orders for the
Celebrated Colnmbia Brewery
U'ft at this place Mill W promptly attend
J2&No cheap San Fiancivo Beer bold n
thi jrfjice a
W.M. BOCK . Proi.rietor.
First Class Saloon,
.1. J. RILEY. - - PROPRIETOR,
On the Roadway. piite the Oregon Rail
way ami Navigation Co wharf.
New Bagatelle Table,
(The Chinese must go.)
The choicest brands of foreign and domestic
lVIXES.JLHlUOKS AXD CIGARS.
rB-Bet Chicnso .Beer.-sa