Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (June 3, 1879)
Astoria, Oregon, Tuesday Morning, June 3, 1879.
The Railroad to Winnemucca and
the Habor of Refuge Discussed.
A SOTJJER LETTER FROM UNCLE DA VI D
SEWSOME-COSCLUS10SS OF "THE
Written for Tin: astokian
The meeting of citizens and business
men of Astoria, on last Satur
day evening in the Court-house,
to take into consderation immediate
action for building the first section of
the above road, beginning at Astoria
and going eastward to Forest Grove,
jjave encouragement to the friends of
the work. Discouragement has suc
ceeded discouragement in this worthy
enterprise. It has been the common
opinion in the Wallamet valley and
somewhat elsewhere, that the country
from Forest Grove to Astoria
was a collection of towering moun
tains, unlit for settlement; and that it
would require millions of dollars to
build that road. And also, that the
"Wallamet river would answer ail pur
poses for an outlet for all the com
merce of the valley. And there were
other strong motives at work to dis
courage the building of this road.
There was an immense capital invested
in Portland, and there were good fa
cilities there for transacting a large,
commercial business at that place. But
the outlet must be on the Wallamet
river, and down the Columbia river.
Large appropriations of money have
been expended in dredging and im
proving the Wallamet river by con
gress, but the sand washes in and fills
up, more or less, the ship channel be
low Portland; so that large, sea-going
vessels cannot carry out full cargoes to
ea from that point. And again there
are times when ice obstructs the navi
gation below Portlaud for a consider
able time in winter. And this dis
tance by water to Astoria from Port
land is 1 10 miles, while the distance
Xroiii Forest Grove to Astoria by the
railroad route is only C5 miles. The
entire route on this line, and on each
side of it, is rich, rolling land, well
watered, healthy; and abounding in
atone coal in places, and immense
Tjtiantities of -aagoo&-cedar, hemlock,
spruce, fir, ash, etc., as can be found
m any country in the world. And the
whole route is of that character, that
a railroad can be made along it at no
greater expense beyond other hilly
routes. The great Nahalem valley
would be pierced by this road, and for
richness and excellence for settle
ments cannot well be excelled. In
fact, nearly all the country through
which this road would pass, is excel
lent for settlements, and would be
rapidly tilled up by men of families,
and others who might wish new homes.
13ut the great and essential interests
in the construction of this road are,
that it will be in connection with a
continuous line of railroad to Winne
mucca, at which place it will tap the
great Central railroad. This whole
line would be less exposed to heavy
snows, than any other route, south of
the Columbia river.
The immediate benefit to Astoria of
this road to the Wallamet valle3r,
would be almost incalculable. From
specimens of stone coal exhibited at
the meeting, there is but little doubt
that endless quantities of that value
nble mineral lies beneath the
surface on this line towards Forest
Grove. The stone coal used on ships
and in factories is, as I luarn, brought
here from Puget-sound and princi
pally from Australia. This coal lies
on a level wherever found. Bv level
ing from the vein of coal on this line
of proposed road, and the same vein
can be found all along the country on
the slopes of the hills, to the right and
And the timber that can be utilized
and brought into active commerce on
this route upon this railroad; and tlie
farm products, the tan bark and coal,
may be counted by millions of dollars.
And the vast commerce upon the
whole line and the passenger custom
would add to the .aggregate wealth and
growth of Astoria millions of dollars.
No ice ever obstructs navigation on
the Columbia bay below Tongue point,
just above upper Astoria. If congress
had appropriated even a tithe of
money towards improving the Colum
bia river navigation for 25 miles in
land from its mouth, as h:is been
expended on the Mississippi river,
and Kanawha and the 'Atlantic sea
board, there would have been fewer
shipwrecks here than at any of those
wther points, which have been so
costly improved. Come what will;
whether the harbor of refuge be loca
ted at Coos bay, Foulweather, Fort
Stevens or Fort Canby, the great Co
lumbia will remain the outlet for an
empire of farming, stock and mining
The cloud that haH long hnng over
Astoria, and the most of the country
inland, north and south of this lower
section is breaking away. "Truth
crushed to earth will rise again."
Facts speak here, and they are stub
born things. Astoria must, and will
become a great commercial emporium
for a large proportion of the country on
the Columbia valley, and on those
valleys of its tributaries. And the
great impulse to making known this
vast commercial mart and the country
around it, is the immediate construc
tion of this line of railroad from As
toria to Forest Grove. The property
holders in and around Astoria, and up
and down, and across the bay would
make money by giving one-half of
their present wealth towards this road.
If they hold back and are tardy in
this case, foreign capitalists are likely
to be tardy also. If this measure
be let sleep and slumber, the North
ern Pacific railroad company willbuild
up a great emporium of trade on Puget
Sound, to the overshadowing of As
toria. The distance from Forest Grove to
Astoria via Portland, is 13G miles;
and tonnage must be handled six times
from the wagons at Forest Grove be
fore it passes away from Astoria to the
world's markets. From the wagons
at Forest Grove until the tonnage
would pass from this city would be
only twice handled. Ko wonder then
that the farmers in the Wallamet
and Umpqua valleys compain that
they are bottled up, and obtain so
litte profit upon their products for
market. There is deliverance at hand
ftir them. The extra exactions upon
them for less than five years on their
wheat for export trade, over and
above what it would cost them at this
point, would more than build this
road from Forest Grove to Astoria.
The hailding of this load would
furnish to Oregon what she now lacks
a great commercial city, where
wheat and other products in store and
afloat would be. on a par with like
products in store and afloat at San
Francisco; and would attract the mer
chants of the world, where the com
modities of other climes would be
bronght and exchanged here for our
products; thus building up a .great
commercial city, whose benefits .and
blessings would be felt on this entire
coast. Let the maps be consulted,
and we can perceive that the ship
trade from Hongkong to Astoria, 12
miles up the bay from the bar, and
thence by rail to New York, is less
than on any other route north by
several hundred miles, and safe navi
gation. Let not my fellow citizens
of Oregon suppose that I wish to build
up one section to the injury of another.
1 only ask public investigations on all
these suggestions of mine.
Baby carriages of the best styles,
and at low prices, at Loeb's.
Best Salem flour is sold in this
city at 5 50 per barrel by Warren &
Boat sponges, wholesale and retail
at Dements drug store, Astoria. Five
thousand just received.
TT F. VOSS,
Cement, Plasterer and Builder of any
kind of Brick Furnaces.
riease leave ordern at Wilson & Fisher's
store, Chenamus street, Astoria. T-lm
G. H. BAIH & CO.
BEING NOW PREPARED WITII great lv
increased facility to furnish the public
with all kinds of
Seasoned A No. 1 Lumber,
Boat Lite, Doors, finite,
And all kinds of hard wood at very low rates,
Asks an examination of their prices and
large lot of goods which will be sold low for
Steam Mill Near Weston Hotel,
Cor. Genevive and Astor streets.
T. S. JEWETT.
11. S. KIMBALL.
Draying & Trucking.
ASTORIA. TRUCK & DKAY CO.,
Saauuiucqiit: St., hetweon Cos? and Main,
J Oonr-acb? fur imying ran do and sntisfacti n
t Rarntoed Ordn loft, at tho Occident xio
I tel or rccel i by inail'protnptly filled
I JEWETT KIM BA LL.
G. W. HUME
Corner of Water and Olney 'Streets,
C3J"Ajrent for the Golden City Chemical
Works. R. W. I'avne & Son's Steam Engines.
Fay's Wood Working Machinery.
Ciz?Fishermpn's and Cannery Supplies a
eeialty. Cot ton Seine Twine and N et-.Lincs
sold at San Francisco prices.
EET-Onrs. Cordage. Blocks. Oak tin, etc.
Star of the Columbia. lo fire test Kerosene.
Turpentine and Varnish. Sail cloth imade
expressly for light boats.
HANKING AND INSURANCE.
BANKING AND INSURANCE.
BROKER, BANKER, .!
"&STOPJA, - - - OREGON.
Exchange bought and sold on all parts of
the United States and Europe.
OFFICE HOURS-FromS o'clock A. m.
until 4 o'clock r. ji.
lie Mutual Insurance Co.,
J. F. noirr.irroN'.. President
On as. It. Story .. Secretary
Hamilton Rovd. i .. ,,. , r
Geo. L, stouv. ) -.Agents for Oregon
Office Northeast corner of Stark and First
streets, Poktlaxd, Oregon.
Net Cash received for Fire Prem
iums in 1877 $335,311 04
Assets, .ran. 1, 1S78 .. . $578,055 85
Looses i i paid .?3,G38 .17
Dividends 1,957 00 HJffi 37
Surplus for Prune tv Holders ....$572,470 47
Losses paid in Oregon in six years.SH 1,516 72
I. IV. C ISR. Agent.
LIVERPOOL AND LONDON AND
NORTH BRITISH AND MERCAN
TILE OF LONDON AND
OLD CONNECTICUT OP HART
COMMERCIAL OF CALIFORNIA
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
Representing a capital of J?G7,0OO.O0O.
A. VAN DUSEN. Agent.
Capital SI 2,500,000-
MATT II. SIBSON, Agent,
ORGANIZED IN 1SG3.
Tola! Losses Paid Sinre OrjmniznfioH.
E. O. H0L1)E Agent.
liILL HEAD PAPEK,
V EVERY CRADK AND COLOR. VRTN
tod orjduiu, at lowetmtc?. at
Tut. Asrrouuy office
HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS.
MRS. HOUSEMAN, - - FnoritiETOR,
; WiH accommodate boarders,
WITH Oil WITHOUT ROOMS.
Next door to Metropolitan Hall,
A.J. MEOLKK. C. S. WltlGHT.
MEGLER & WRIGHT. Proprietors.
THE PROPRIETORS ARE HAPPY TO
announce that the above hotel has been
repainted and refurnished, adding greatly to
the comfort of its guests and is now the best
hotel north of San Francisco.
a W. KNOWI.ES. AL. ZIEIJER.
PORTLAND, - - - - OREGON.
ZIEBER & KNOWLES, Proprietors.
B"Frec coach to and from the houseftfl
H. R. rARKER. - - Proprietor.
TniS HOTEL is the largest, most comfort
able and best Kept hotel in the city. Ts
supplied with the best of spring water, hot
and cold baths, barbershop, and a first-class
saloon with best of liquoir. and cigars, and a
fine billiard table. Free coacli to the house ;
charges reasonable, SI 2." to ?2 50 per day, ac
cording to room occupied
Just opened, newly furnished and first class.
S. DAMICO & CO., - Proprs.
Comer Lafayette and Second sts., Astoria.
Meals served in Italian. French and Ameri
can styles to order.
The table will be supplied at all times with
the best the market alTords. ' The well Known
and gentlemanly steward, V. A. Cook, will
always be on hand with a first clas Italian
cook, pleased to see his friends. Come and
satisfy yourself. Private rooms for ladies.
Meals at all hours. The best wines and ci
gars always on hand.
D. L. TURPIN - rnorniETOR
Between Squemocqhe and Jefferson,
Board and lodging per week $8 00
Roard per day- l 00
Single Meal .. . 25
Tne tahle will be supplied at all times with
the best the market affords.
THEO. BROEMSER, - - Pnoi'KiETon.
Fresh oysters, and other deli
cacies of the season, served in
Opposite the Telegraph office, Suuemoqhe
street. Astoria. Oregon.
R2-MEAI.S AT ALL HOURS-sn.
Mam street, near Hustler's "Wharf.
ASTORIA, ... - OREGON.
Mns. Maky Campbell, Proprietor.
Roard and lodging by day or week.
CORNER C AND FIRST STREETS,
P. XORTO.V, ... - Proprietor.
(Formerly of the Portland Hotel.)
THIS HOUSE IS A FIRE-PROOF BRICK,
just finished and newly furnished, with
the nest of .spring beds.
Tekms Per week From Ar to $tt for board
and lodging. Per day $1 00. Single meals
25 cents. Lodging i"i to r.O cents.
CS""Frce coach to ami from the House.
Private Boarding House.
MRS.Ql'INN - - PROPRIETOR.
"Will accommodate day boarders or accom
modate any with board and lodging.
Prices reasonable. In Iugalls' building,
Jefferson street, opposite Wells, Fargo & Co's
Keep Ycur Money Safe.
Ex steamship Oregon I have received an
oilier consignment ot
TUCKEK'S PATJGXT AL.1KM
Counter Alarm Honey Drawer
Is proof against Petty Thieves.
XRICJE $(5 OO.
E. C. IIOLDEN,
I. "W. CASE,
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL DEALER IN
Corner Chenamus and Cass streets.
ASTORIA - - - OREGON.
MAGNUS C. CROSBY.
Stoves, Tinware, and
House Furnishing Goods.
Hardware, Brass Goods,
Lead and Iron Pipe, Pipe Fittings,
Engineers Supplies, Sheet Lead, Iron,
Copper, Brass, and Zinc.
Having just received a new stock, consisting
of a splendid assortment' of
II:iis, Caps. Coots and. Shoes,
Groceries, Canned Fruits, etc.
Watches. Jewelry and Cutlery,
Resides a choice lot of
TOBACCO. CIGAKS AXI PIPES.
Wines and Liquors,
Stationery and Fancy Articles.
Which we are offering at the lowest living
prices. Very respectfully.
At McGce's new building on the roadway.
It is no Use of Talking
J. K. "WIRT'S is the cheapest place to buy
JFI117ITS OR VEGETABLES.
As he has direct from San Francisco by everj
steamer, all kinds of vegetables, such
as is in the market.
Apples. Peas. Celery. Caulifower,
Asparagus, Parsnips. Beets, Car
rots. Potatoes. Oranges.
And from Clatsop every day
EGGS. BUTTER, CHEESE. AND HONEY,
Also : keep the best of
CIGARS. TOBACCOS, AND LIQUORS.
Call and examine before purchasing else
where. J. K. WIRT.
Is All TMs Blowing limit !
1 HAVE JUST RETURNED
FROM THE EAST AND "WILL
SELL MY GOODS AS
AS ANY HOUSE IN THE CITY
And am not going to say anything about it
A Square Deal Guaranteed
At the comer of Main and Squemoqhe sts.,
ASTORIA, - OREGON.
J. H. D. GKRAY,
Wholesale and retail dealer in.
OYSTERS, l)y the SACK,
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc.
General storage and Wharfage on reason
D. K. Warkkn.
C. A. ilcGuiKK.
Astoria Market !
Comer of Chenamus and Cassstreeta.
WARREN & McGTJIRB, Proprietor
(Successors to Ilcbtim fr H arrrn.
Wbole?alo nnd Retail Dealers in all klno w
Fresh and Cured Meats!
A full line of Family Groceries,
CANNED FRUIT, VEGETARLES, ETC.
2rBmtor, Egs?, Cheese, otc. constantly
fiSr Ship? supplied at tho lowest rates.
Main Street - - Astoria Oregon,
BERGMAN C REIiRY
T ESPCCTFTILLY CALL THE ATTEN-It-tion
of tho public to the fact that tha
above Markot will alwas'S be supplied with
FULL VARIETY BEST QUALITY
FRESH ANdTjURED MEATS
Which will be sold at lowest rates, wholesale
and" retail. Special attention given to supply
lTest-Eijjhth Street, near the O;
S. X. Co's Yl'hnrf.
JOHN W. WELCH raor-RHTTOU
A GENERAL ASSORTMENT OF FAMI
ly firiiceries, and the various kinds of
lirat-elnss Meats and Fish, furnished in bcEfc
of style at The market, or delivered to any
part ol the city. Ordersjriven to the messen
gers, or left at the market, v. ill be promptly
My endeavor will be, by prompt attention
and fair dentin;;, to please my patrons.
CSAll kinds of country produce taken iu
exchange for goods, and ueiiveied to patron
free. C257ivc me a call.
Contractor and Builder,-.
All kinds of Carpenters and Joiners "Work.
promptly and neatly executed. v
PLANS. SPECIFICATIONS, and BILLS .
Furnished on short notice at reduced ratett
Shop Next deor east of Episcopal church,
r T. ILKID.
Corner of Front and A streets..
PORTLAND - - - - OREOOu,
5rLa;e butcher in the Central Market.