tl gftc ?3ailu stmfonk ASTOPulA. OREGON: n. C. IRELAND mr. THURSDAY May 8. 1879. Harbor of Refuge Again. The absurdity -f locating the har bor of refuge so fur south ai Port Or ford where there are no storms, is srell shown by studying the war de partment weather map for the month of March of this year. By this map it is shown that eleven storms arose on the Pacific coast during the month and passed eastward!'. Of that num ber only oiic touched the const so far south as Port Orford and that one first appeared south of San Francisco. This corresponds with the experience of our pilots who have been traveling up and down the coast for the past tifteen years. Kecrro Ez.otlus. Senator Windom, who has studied the race problem more than auy other public man, in an interview with a tribune correspondent said that the negro exodus originated wholly among the negroes themselves and was not inspired or stimulated by outside influences. Jt was a touching and powerful protest against oppression and wrong, a spontaneous outburst of despair from a down-trodden people, whose condition has become intoler able. For years in some parts of the south they have been under a despot ism more relentless and cruel than was ever endured by any free people, while they were entitled to the right and privileges or American citizens they had been persecuted, flogged, murdered, driven from their homes and subjected to the most inhuman treatment. Under such circumstances it w:is not strange that they left homes which afforded them no present security or hope. Political oppres sion alone did not, perhaps accomplish this, but after they had been defraud ed of the results of their labor, deprived of the chace to earn a living, and threatened with practical slavery, the untried plains of the great west could have few terrors they would not pre fer to their condition in the cotton states. The desire as expressed in many letters to the senator from all parts of the south was to get away to some place where their lives, liberty and property will be secure and their constitutional rights respected. The feeling, though more intense in those localities where the persecutions and oppressions had been greatest, was wide-spread and was daily becoming stronger and more determined. The exodus might prove detrimental to the industrial interests of the south, but its ultimate results will be advan tageous, and it would lessen the south ern nightmare of negro rule. With a removal of this fear the color line would disappear, the negro would become an important factor in southern politics, and there would be a restor ation of peace and order. In conclu hion, the senator thought the exodus would do more towards removing sectionalism from national politics than any other means ever proposed. He regarded it as a jirovidentnl solu tion of the problem which had bafiljd the wisest of American statesmen. England's Trade With China. A special cable dispatch from Lor don states that England is be coming as anxious about the decrease of her foreign trade as she is about the depression existing in her home manufacturing industries. Indeed, the one is the result of the other, for her prosperity has been built up entirely on her trade with her colonies and with foreign countries. China, before the advent of Americans there, was one of England's best markets for her cotton and woolen soods, but now British manufacturers admit that American enterprise and opposition have almost driven them "out of that part of the world." That our mer chants and manufacturers have beaten the English in China is the result not only of a commercial morality, proved to have been so lamentably deficient among the Manchester manufacturers, but of England's politico-commercial policy, wjiich has ever been offensive iu-tbe Chinese. For the sake of making a poiot against the proposed California con-! stitution, the San Francisco Alta, in a few words, tells more truth about this country than it has published before during all its career of thirty years. It says: ''Oregon has the capacity to accommodate ten times as many in habitants as ehe receives, if thev are j only able and willing to hew a fortune out of her fertile Valleys, her inex haustible forests, her incomparable i fisheries, or her unexplored mineral .deposits. Oregon has a constitution. Her laws are equitable, stable and constant. She is not to be lmv ( beaten by the threats of an unin formed, irresponsible rabble. Califor nia's extremity appears to be Oregon's opportunity at this moment. Oregon has placed herself on record as a con servative, peace-preserving, property- protecting community; and, while we J deplore California's present loss, we rejoice that it is our nearest neigh bor's gain." The adoption of that new constitution will drive millions of money, etc., into Oregon, besides! thousands of splendid business niuii such as we need. lit. Garvey with oigbtofii men left Camp Bidwell. California, on the LSth for the purpose of escorting fourteen In dian prisoner- to Yainax and Ft. Klam ath reservation. Eichtofoftlie.se prison ers are of the band that escaped from Harney, and six are of Ochehos band, and are of (lie nunilKT that comlnitted depredations in Warner Valley last summer. These last will be left as prisoners. Mr. I). Hamburger while in San Francisco purchased a fine stock of merchandise, in fact the largest ever carried by any firm in this city. They are going to "sell off at extremely low prices. !Mi3 Carolina Kahlhauff was the first white chiid born in Walla Walla. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Vov Srtlc or IScni. l GOOD "SCOW" u ith sleeping accojnmo Jljl elation for; X!iiimi. suitable for a fishing .station can be rented for the season or bought ou rc:isonablc terms. Applv to COLUMBIA CANNING CO.. d:st Emberton, W. T. T. m f. voss, BRICK I..1YEU. Cement, Plasterer and Builder of any kind of Brick Furnaces. Please leave orders at Wilson & Fisher's store, Cheuainus street, Astoria. 7-m OwHPAJtlKE DEALER IX GROCERIES AXI) PROVISIONS, WHITE LEAD. PAINTS and COAL OILS, Brooms, Brushes and Wootlen-wnrc. Tobacco, Cigars and Stationery, Gcint Furnishing: iooi!s, Jtc. Mear the Corner Main and C'oncomly St.s.. Astoria. THE ASTORIA BREWERY RUDOLPH 8ARTH & MICHAEL MEYER, PROPRIETORS. Corner of Olney and Water streets, ASTORIA, OREGON. Best quality of LAGER HE Eli 5 cLs. per glass Choice Wines, Liquors, and Cigars alwavs on hand. irTir patronage of the public is respect fully solicited. Orders for J-aer or Bottled iSee'r in any quantity promptly filled. E2f-Thc best lunch the season will afford furnished dav and uietit FREE. SS 2 3 h3 ss t ' S 3 S tf 3 ' g S 2 3 8 g S3 o Wilson & Fisher PIvAT.KKS IN LUBRICATING OILS, COAL OIL, PAINTS AND OILS. Sheet, Round, and Square Prepared Rubber Packing. PROVISIONS, MILL FEED, GARDEN SEED, GRASS SEED. Which will be exchanged for country pro duce or sold at lowest prices. Corner Chenamus and Hamilton Streets ASTORIA, OREGON. Billiard Room. tHY"? The only Billiard Room in the city whejt: no liquors arc sold. EW TABLE JUST PUT UP. GEOKGit JLi has a cosv place and keeps on hand toe Last brand of Cigars. Also, soda, canuj. nuts. etc. Opposite Altona Chop House. 95-tf GEO. ROSS, ProDritttr. MISCELLANEOUS E. S. Larsen ASTORIA, OREGON, A"D TILLAMOOK BAY. Jobber and Dealer n FIRST CLASS Groceries, Crockery, TABLE AND POCKET CUTLERY Key West Havana Bamesilo 61gm All the Leading Brands of TOBACCOS. California and Oregon FmiiB Vegsisbldi Foreign and Domestic WIbbs ant! Liquors I make Yeg- etablcs one of my Specialties ! S'Canneiy and Mess House men supx)lied and will profit "by sending orders direct to me. Plaving the only complete and first-class stock of goods in As toria, and not surpassed hj any north of San Francisco. YV e also have pleasure in saying, that with our facilities of buying goods, we CAN NOT nor WILL NOT be undersold, taking the quality of goods into consideration. jj-All goods guaranteed as represented, and delivered free gratis, for nothing, to an pur chaser in the city that will come, order, and pay for the same. E. S. LARSEN, ASTORIA, - - - - OREGON. JPUKE CIlE5t VINEE&iLR.! 250 Gallons Pure Cider Vinegar, in io, 25 and 45 Gallon Packages. For sale by Another consignment just received. TTARRAXTJED to be PUKE CEDEtt VIKEGAK. e. s. iTaesen, Cor, Squemocqhe and Cass streets, Astoria. jajjLSLmm:r, i 1874 SPRING HAS t m Tmr' The best selected stock ever DRY GOODS, CLOTHIKO, BOOTS CROGKtRY, GLASS WARE, CARPETS, fiSATTGS, A FULL LIXE IX EACH DEPARTMENT. We call especinl att tenth n to our extra lai go invoice of :E3B:ELCDX:d:E5:E.X:E5S, prices way down. WE S-ELL ONLY EOR CAH1, NO CREIUT. NO IK lE SHALT. UNDERSELL SIT.. 33. HAMBURGER, MAIN STREET. ASTORIA, OREGON. Solo Agent for the Xew American Sewing: llaebine. NEW BPB.INM md SUMMER WPQ6K A. VAN DU8EN & CO. Have just received a full line of Sprins and Summer gonfN of the verv finest nnafcv whirl. were bought during the iceent tumble in stm-ks. when cash commands a premium, and are therefore prepared to soil tho same at hs rates than the same mmlityof goods can be pureha.sod elsewhere. These goods consist in part of Clothing:. Gent's Furnishing Goods, Unix and C:sss. Iailics Dross uols. Muslins. Hrins. Efcsierr. ISo(.s am! Shoes. SuJjimt Hoots. Oil Clothing In addition to the aboe Iiae laid in a full stock of BrifJRiras -15ATKKIA3-S. X1ES.S. PA53TS. (MIS. jETC. The qualitv of our CS:0C2EWY AXD AKSiVAKK. f,A3I3S. ETC.. Cannot be t xcolled and our prices defy competition. FasnZSy iivovvvivs and Proiisson a SpVciaaiy. Oregon (City Is- porial Elvira lloui at K5 o() per Rarrd. WARDS CLATSOP BUTTER ALWAYS IN STORE. C2Aieue for Sintrer and White Sewing oftice. corner of Cass and Jelfersoii street. jSl. -3? -5? IO! IH2 G-H3S AT Cohen & coopeE LARGE MNE OF LINEN DRESSES Latest stylos. Sold at prices lower than the material can be bonirht for ALSO: A 1.AIMSK rIA'JB OF CI.OT1I AXB IBJE-WKR G a O A K S . (V SPECIALTY.) Bfack Cloth Cloaks - $4- 50 ( Black Cloth Cloaks - $7 50 - 5 00 - 6 00 BImk FlsmB LlneiS Besv$r Balmms? SOMETHING NEW, $14 00. Special attention is called to our Full suits for $7 CO and upwards. The public will do well to give us a trial before going elsewhere, for w COHEN & COOPER. BUSINESS CARDS. It. I. M. SEVERN. JPIIYSXCIAX AX SURGEON. LAKSENSiUILOJ, - ASTOIMA, OKEOOX. Ollicc !!onr. From 9 to 12 A. M., ami from :J to s r. m. i:. I". DENNISON. 1". J. TAYLOlt DENNISON & TAYLOR, ATTOBSEYS AT li A W. Astokia. 0::eoon. Office I'p stairs in r.-trker's bulldinjr, comer Chcnanuu- and JJenton streets. C w. Fuirox. ATTOBXEY AT LAW OFFicn. Papjes new building, Squernoqhe street, Astoria. Oregon. D U. J. AV. OL1VEU, 1I07IKO PATIIIST. OFncn. Tn Shuster's Paguerrean build ing. Kutnince Second door above that of the Daily Astohian". Cass street. Itesidence on .leffersun street, corner of Main. D OCTOK JIATC'ia, Successfully treats all Chronir DL"e?je. AND DISEASES OF "WOMEN AND CHILDREN. Cancer cured by u new and painless method. Office Chenamus street, comer of Mam street. Astoria. D K. J. O'JBRIK?!. CUKES BILIJOUS AND INTERMITTENT FEVERS With from one to three doses of his harm less medicine. Also. Private diseases successfully treated. Office O'Brien's hotel, Astoria. Oregon. OTTO 3ITFNER? WATCKMAKER AKD JEWELEH. It S KEMOVJCD TO Main street, Parker's building, ASTORIA. OREGON. Xpi. BECK, Manufacturer of Soots and Shoes. All kinds of repairing neatly and promptly attended to MAIN ST., - ASTORIA, OREGON. i-tii- ajsaxsttijxjijssaxssa SEASON! 1879. OPENED AT before carried in tins ntv. AKD (SHOES, HATS, CAPS. Machines Wells, Fargo & Co.'s ExpreM. " " " - 9 00 " " " - 10 00 AUCTION SALES. E. C. HOLDEN, Notary Public for the State of Oregon. Real Estate Agent and Conveyancer. Agent for the FI1JEMENH FVSD INSUR ANCE COMPANY or San Francisco. COMMISSION AGEN1 and AUCTIONEER. Rents and Accounts Collected, and rr turns promptly made. Regular sales day. NATI'BDAYil nt "Z 3 M. N. Ti. Parties havim: real estate, lnrat tureorany other goods to disnosi of either at auction or private sale should notify me soon as convenient before the dav of su. No storage charged on coods soli' at Auc tion. E. C. IIOLb.iN. td Auttioneer. .MISCELLANEOUS. WILLIAId EDGAR, Corner Main and Chenamus Street. ASTOKlA OREUON. oka li-i: I.N' CIGARS AND TOBACCO, AND THE GENUINE W0STENH0LM and other EnglL-h Cutler-. i FAIRCHILD'S GOLD PENS Genuine Heershanm Pipes, etc. A fine stock of TVatchs and Jewelry. Itizzle aJ Itcooli linndinr Sliot 4uiim. i KcA'olvcrs. Pistols. larlnr Itfilcx aim Amniuniiiuu. f 1 .REID, CALEDONIA SALOON. Corner of Front and A streets. PORTLAND - - OREGO 03" Late butcher in the Central Market. OATHS, BATHS, 15 Hot, Cold, Shower, baths) Steam and SULPHUR Baths Occident Hotel Shaving Saloon. jSlEDKRAUKK A UlILKNHAKT, Propkiktokb. -Special attention given to ladies' aivl children's hair cutting. Private Entrance for Ladles " -'fo.