M 3&s Sails gislxaiac3x. ASTORIA. OREGON: D. C. IREIjA3TI Ertllor. "FRIDAY Itf Aitcii 28. 1870 The Northern Paciilc. We beiieve that the twenty-five hundred tons of railroad, iron pur chased by the Northern Pacific railroad company for the construc tion of a section of road eastward from the head of navigation on the Columbia river will be laid from the mouth of the Klickitat river, twelve miles below Dalles city, on the territory side of the river, vir tually making that the head of navigation until The Dalles Celilo t:anal can be built. It would be the best place to begin the eastern extension for many reasons a line from that point would traverse an extensive and fertile country to the crossing at Priests ranids, above u. r c?i. -: ; U1U I11UULJ1 Ul OlliUvU J1VU1, itllU. TOiild be the Test route, dicidedly, for he uniform raure. It would in no way interfere with the sTs tem of narrow gauge feeders to the Columbia, ancl would greatly lessen the distance and time by the water route, from Astoria through the canal at the Cascades, to the western terminus of the Northern Pacific railway for the next twenty years. It is folly to vhink of commencing the construe tion of any other than narrow ;gauge railways at Portland. The Englishman was Kight. "Clean them out and talk after wards," wasthc correct sentiment, respecting Alaska affairs. At the last moment, on the 10th inst., Cpat. Selden, in command of the United States revenue cutter TYol cott writes as follows from Sitka: The last minute before the steamer leaves, Capt. Thorn has promised to wait and carry this letter. To-morow morning the Wolcott leaves here to go up Peril Straits to visit the tribes in that neighborhood. A detachment of men go with us in case they are needed. Our force will be strong, and I ha e no fears that there will be occasion to resort to arras. I com mand the expedition. In the absence of any higher authority, lam appealed io for everything, and I assure you my duties are arduous. The English man is impatent, and at every provo cation wants to fight. If he was left to his own inclination, we would have iuul a fight long since. I don't know "but that Ins notions are best after all "cleitn them out and then talk after wards." T export to he gone from "here five or six clays. I will visit the chief tribes in the neighborhood, and do all I can to conciliate good feeling. The Osprey will remain here until our return, and I hope by that time some vessel will liave arrived to re lieve us. 1 have a good pilot and in terpreter "to accompany me, and the cruise I feel will he propitious. The contrast between English and American policy is instruct ive as to the results obtained by the two governments in dealing "with Indians. The Englishman . has little or no trouble, and his idea is, when Indians are behaving ill, to "clean them oik and talk after wards." The way to bring the Indians of Alaska, or any other bad Indians to time, is to give them the alternative between des truction and obedience. A de cided show of force, tempered with a prompt use of it, would do those Indians more good than talk or threats or promises. They "must be made to ehave, or -mafie to suffer for it if they do not. Coining Round to Reason. One by one, the journals which applauded the President for his veto of the Chinese restriction bill, are losing trsith in their opinions and corning round to reason. It is with surprise and pleasure that we refer to the New York Star as an instance. Here is its latest utter ..anccon the subject: 'Since the adjournment of the forty fifth congress, a good deal of unex pected light has been thrown upon this "whole subject, tending to show Jbow rash and jjxtravagent were many -of the protests transmiftoS. to Wash- ington during the late excitement by sentimental theorists. California's hostility to a large Mongolian influx is not based on any narrow race preju dice at least among the moderate and intelligent masses but upon the palpably illegal ?md demoralising character of the migration. The vast bulk of the Chinese who come here are coolies, imported like cattle by or ganized companies, and having their labor mortgaged to these companies for a stipulated term of years. It is because the overwhelming majority of them are thus manipulated as serfs and chattels that the Chinese work such social and industrial disorganiza tion wherever they are found in large numbers. It is well understood that con tracts can be made in Chinese ports for Chinese laborers to pro ceed to California, or almost any where else, for 3 per month. But our laws do not permit Americans to make such contracts, yet the Chinese companies flood us with servile labor procured in this war, and their earnings nearly all go to onrich another country Clv.na. The New York Sentinel be- lieves that the Pperty of church es should be subjected to the same taxation as the property of indi viduals and other private corpora tions, and is pleased to see some preachers advocate that view. AVe think so too, but at the same time think that people generally will have hardly more than reached that perfect view of equal rights before they also will have found out better ways of raising revenue than by taxation ways in which the revenue will be collected in the way of fees for various ser vices and profits upon public business, so that the collection will cost nothing, whereas now it costs a large part of the tax levied. Albert Pike, the soldier pock, "better "known to the last gener ation than he is now-a-days, is organizing the "Society of the Cactus," to be composed of Mexi can war veterans, who will be queath the order to their male de scendants. IIEI. In Upper Astoria, March 20. 1870, Mar tin Spencer, aged 78 years. Buried in the Episcopal burial ground the Rev. 0. Parker officiating. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. NOTICE. Picked up adrift in the Colum bia river, near the north side of the channel and opposite Main street, in Astoria. :i skiff containing an oil coat. The owner can have the same by proving property, pay ing fortius advertisement, and a reasonable amount for picking up of the said skiff. Apply to THOMAS PARKER. Gray's Wharf. jORTON HOUSE, CORNER C AND FIRST STREETS, PORTLAND. OREGON. I. XORTOX, - - - - Proprietor. (Formerly of the Portland Hotel.) THIS HOUSE IS A FIRE-PROOF BRICK, just finished and newly furnished, with the best of spring beds. Teiems Per week From $r to $fffor board and lodging. Per day $1 PC. Single meals 2Ti cents. lodging 2.1 to o0 cents. J37"Frec coach to and from the Hanse. O. JT. JS3VEI13?EC, (IN THE ASTORIAX BUIUTN'G) HAS JUST RECEIVED A &0T OF NEW goods, consisting ot MEN-'S AND fBOYS CALF AND XEP BOOTS Buckle and Congress Gaiters, Women, Misses and Children's BXITTOISr BOOTS, Which will be sold at the very lowest prices TEX ACHES OF IAXD, On Youngs Bav, cleared, will be suitable for dairy, or a chicken ranch, or for garden ing purposes. Within one mile of the As toria Post-office by land. alse: FIVE ACRES. Covered with Hemlock timber, suitable for tannery purposes. Ibises will be made for a term of vears as may be arranged. Mr-Apply to J. II. D. G RAY, Astoria, Oregon, Talent for Sale, The right to manufacture and sell JOHX G. BROEMSERS PATEXT (No. 189,!)!).), April 24, 1S77), Improvement in BII3iD SIiAT AIJrSTERS, In the States of California and Oregon. K3For particulars and description, which cannot be given in a brief advertisement,! call upon or address. T.' BROEMSi.ll, Yvalla Walla Restaurant, Astoria, Oregon. WHOLESALE TRADE. ft m CD e3 G-.W, mXBHES Comer of Water and Olncy Streets, ASTOHIA, OREGON. WHOLESALE DEALER IN ftROOERIEvS ASD PKOYISIONS ETC, 3STC. - AGENT FOR TOE Gotten City Chemical f oris. B. "IV. TAY3iE & SOAS STEAM ENGINES, lay's fooil Mil Machinery KXJBBER BOOTS. Tlie National, Hayrrard, and Pure Rubber. LIVERPOOL SALT. Fishermen's and Cannery Supplies, -A SSECLiXTY 'COTTON SEINE TWINE AN NET LINES SOLD AT SAN FRANCISCO PRICES. Oars, Cordage, Blocks. Oakum, etc. Special Notice. Star of the Columbia, 150 Fire Test Kerosene. Turpentine and Varnish, Sail Clotli, Madq expressly for light sail boats. For sale at G. W. HUME'S, ASTORiW-, OREGON . 2, -ea Ladies Attention I 1874 SPRING HAS fhl The best selected stock ever before carried in this city DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS, CAPS. CROCKERY, GLASS WARE, CARPETS, MATTINGS, A FULL LINE IN EACH DEPARTMENT. We call especial atttention to our extra large invoice of PRICES WAY DOWN. WE SELL ONLY FOR CASH, NO CREDIT. NO HOUSE SHALL UNDERSELL 2TE IO- HAMEUB.G-EB., MAIN STREET, ASTORIA, OREGON. Solo Agent for the Xeir American BUSINESS CARDS. R. J. WELCH,' DENTIST, SQUEMOQHEST., - - ASTOKIA, OllEGOX, n&"Kooms up stairs next tloor to the law office of Mr. C, W. Fulton. O. F. BKliL. A. MEACIIEN". i;i;i,i, & ieaciiex. Attorneys at Law and Notaries Public. Commissioner of Deeds for California and Washington Territory. Astoria, Orejron. Office Corner of Squemocqhe and Cass streets, up stairs, over E. S. Israeli's .store. 1$. F. DKXNISON. F. J. TAYLOlt DENKTSON & TAYLOR, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. ASTOKIA. OKEOON". Office Irp stairs in Parker's building, comer Chenamus and Ronton streets. F. D. WJKTON, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office m City Hall Building. ASTORIA. OREGON. G W. Fl'LTOX. ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office. Pases new building, Squemoqhe street, Astoria, 'Oregon. D E. F. CHANG, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, ASTORIA, OREGON. Office Room no. 7 over C. L. Parker's store, Opposite Deinent's drug store. TTVK. J. W. OLIVER, nOMEOPATIIIST, Office. Tn Shuster's Daguerrean build ing. Entrance Second door above that of the Daily Astoria.. Cass street. Residence on Jefferson street, corner of jMniu. "IOCTOIt HATCH, Successfully treats all Chronic Diseases. AND DISEASES OF "WOMEN AND CHILDREN. Cancer cured by -a new and painless method. Office Chenamus street, corner of Slain street, Astoria. D- J. O'BltlEX. 'CURES BILT.TOUS AND INTERMITTENT FEYERS With fronveme to three doses of his harm less medicine. Also, Private diseases successfully treated. Office O'Brien's hotel. Astoria". Oregon. J. STEWATiT. Stone and Marble Cutter, ASTORIA. ----- OREGON. All kinds of building work, and monumen tal work attended to promptly and to order. Satisfaction guaranteed. OTTO DITJfEK. WATCHMAKER AND JE V7ELER. n,S KKJIOVED TO Main street, Parker's building, ASTORIA, - - - - OREGON. Q.EO. LOVETT, TAILOR. CLEANING and REPAIRING PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO. Benton street, opposite Post-office. Astoria. "Vipi. BECK, Manufacturer of Boots and Shoes. All kinds of repairing neatly and promptly attended to MAIN ST., - ASTORIA, OREGON. TTUGH STOOr, CARPENTER AND JOINER, AND GENERAL JOBBER ASTORIA, OREGON. KB"ITouse3 built to order, and satisfaction guaranteed. Shop on Squemocqha btreet, next door to the Episcopal church. Astoria Steam Laundry. J. T. BOUCHERS .Proprietor Astoria., Orejjon. No rubbing or scrubbing, and no thnirning your clothes too pieces. Buttons sewed on and clothes mended. ESNeat work at reasonable prices. ve us a call. J. H. D. GRAY, Wholesale and retail dealer in. OYSTERS, by the SACK, Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc. General storage and Wharfage on reason able terms. TOX JIOSS, HOUSE AND SIGN PAINTER. Shop on Cass street. Astoria, Oregon. 35- Paper hanging and Kalsomiming a specialty. , .s-All .work guaranteed to give satisfac tion. ' SEASON! 1879. OPENED AT r?I Pte 5yi Sewing 31aihlne. AUCTION SALES. T? C. HOLDEN, Notary Public for the State of Oregon. Real Estate Agent ami Con vej .-nicer. Agent for the FIREMEN'S FUND INSUR ANCE COMPANY of San Francisco. COMMISSION AGEN7 and AUCTIONEER. Rents and Accounts Collected, and re- Inrns promptly made. Regular sales day. SATURDAYS at 2. P. 31. N. R. Farties having real estate, furni ture or any other goods to dispose of either at auction or private sale should notifvnie soon as convenient before the dav of sale. ao storage charged on goods sob' at Auc-t"'1)- E. C. IIOLIvCN. t(1 Auctioneer. Special Auction Sale. I will sell at public auction at the residence on .Mam Street Saturday, March 293 1879 At 10 ::I0 A. m., the IIOUSKHOTD FirnrOTlTlfcE OF MRS. J. U FANCIIJURN, Consisting of Betl-Kooni. Parlor, J3iniii:-Iloom and Kitchen Furniture. AI.SO : TIIRKE SFlVra4,f JIAC1IIXE9. Two Singers and one Cabinet Grover ami Raker. These goods are almost new and in good order, and are sold on acc.mnt of departure. Sale positive : terms cash. R. S. AVURSLEY, Auctioneer. Grand Auction Sale! I am instructed to sell on Monday, April 10, 1879. The ent're Costly and. Hejrant Fnrniturc. Of Mrs. E. Arrigoni, of the Arngoni HoteT- This furniture was made by the celebrated Oregon Furniture Manufacturing Companr of Portland, and is of the best material and new. The furniture will be on exhioitlon at the premises five days before the sale. 1' or particulars see irrge posters. R. S. AVORSLEY, Auctionec er. 3IISCELLATSTE0LTS. "L W. CASE, " IMPORTER AND WnOLFSALE AND RE TAIL DEALER IN tMERAL merchaidise, Corner Chenamus and C;iss streets. ASTOKIA - - - OREGON. ASTORIA CANDY FACTORY -AND-OYSTEIt SALOOS'. HAVING ENLARGED MY STORE have now on hand the largest and be. :uvsortment of plain and French candies hi town, also, all kinds of CAKES, CRACKERS AND RISCUITS. AH of which I offer for sale at the hvBat cash price, wholesale and retail at SCHNIEER'S CONFECTIONERY. Opposite the bell tower. Retail candy from 25 to 73 cents per pound. Fresh Eastern and Shoalwater bay -oysters served in every style. TITABTIX fc MAYXES, CRYSTAL SALOON, On the Roadway, - - Astoicia, Oitxooa. J3?""The very best quality of wines, iquow and cigars at wholesale or retal. Astoria Liquor Store, AUG. DANIELSON, Proprietor. Water t. Roadway, - Astoiha. Oiieoo. Importer and dealer in WINES, LIQUORS, FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC CIGARS. Sole agent for the celebrated STONEWALL WHISKEY. GERMAEIA BEER HALL AND BOTTLE BEER DEPOT Chkxamus Street. Astoria. Tho public oro inv'ted to cnii and Icrtj their order?. Splendid Lnger 5 cents a glan. Free Lunch every night. WM. BOCK & Co.. Proprietors. 1EORGE ROSS' Billiard Room. The only Billiard Room in the city whew no liquors are sold. NEW TABLE JUST PUT UP. GEORUJfi has a cosy place and kerps on hand tu best brand of 04gars. Also, soda, canuj, nuts. etc. Opposite Altona Chop House. 05-tf CEO. ROSS, Projpmtvt W "v.