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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (March 12, 1879)
r1xz gaily stjorvxmx.
ISSU3D SVSRY MORNING,
jijrf rw J Jn tiding, Cws .S&rooi.
Terms of Subscription :
icrrcii iF Cam or, ier woofc . .35 Otmte
&mi by wail. Rir moatbs,. ..... .....S3 0
Swilfey mail, cue year i OU
jre tf l'osuice i Subscribers.
iST A i venison eats inserted by tii year at
tfae rule f 51 "rU iersire inar montk.
Treatment dTcrtijii s. by the day or vraek,
fifty zvai 1" isre for twclrinportjor..
THE CVS J.
ISf-Thc T viia Astoi;ia will Jc sent hy
maM -z era t mufih. irccif jxttJage. Jleni
's"cti ctHtirmpUttr ah-rncc from Uic city ran
have Tub Astorian follow them. Daha
vr WimiciA (AittoKA la twu j)r.,-ofC -with-utt
ttiiiiHionn! crjxritw. j4iUircsox mi he
ctuvmird fix iff rn. an tiexired. Leave order at
ihr. CMtMiim rnw.
Mr. .7s. Laidlaw became the
jwjraltnfier of Fislrtou.
Wt understand lhat the Buy
'jjiew caiuteiy vili not bo run. this
Best Salem. Hour is sold in this
city jit'5 50 per barrel by Warren &
Read the advertisement of Mrs.
Barbara in this paper. TJie Delmon
?co is good property.
Tlndulict vt Co. have purchased
twenty-five of the boats formerly in
use by Hume & Duncan.
Wurreis A McGuire have the
early rse potatoes for seed. Farmers,
please r jineinbcr this.
A iive company post has been es
tablished in tho Kittitass vallej, and
tvvo compnuies are now there.
Gov. Ferry and General Howard
loft Yancouver for Walla Walla last
Alondaj on a visit to the Yakima.
At Spaulding's landing on the Co
lumbia river above Astoria is to be
een the -steepest railway perhaps iu
the world. It is almost perpendicu
Jar. On Monday the Dixie Thompson
left 144 tons of freight at Kalama.
The "whole of it was discharged in
splendid style in just two hours and
Capt. Cy. Slrively has been en
gaged to run the steamer Sam the
coming season. The -Sam is owned
and employed as a tender to Booth &
Persons can deposit their valu
ables with Messrs. Rallies & Johnson
now when traveling on the Dixie, as
they have invested in a vault, with
a massive combination.
Hon. Ellwood Evaus has taken
the position of attorney for the Pacific
division of the Northern Pacific rail
road, and will move to New Tacoma
with his family this montli.
The steamer Katata, owned and
employed as a tender to Badollct &
tJo.'s cannery will be turned loose for
the season on Monday iiext, with
Capt. B. F. Stevens as master.
The Allegiance came down from
Portland loaded to 20i feet. Capt.
James Strang brought a vessel through
mice drawing five inches more than
the Allegiance. We believe these
are the deepest that ever made the trip.
L. M. Starr has abolished the
barsvstemon board of his Puget-rf
sound steamers. No liquor or .cigars
is sold on any of them, aud the boats
make just as good time as before,
apparantly. He is bnilding a new
steamer this year, smaller but of
model similar to that iof the North
On Friday evening of this week
Mrs A. M. Snyder, formerly of Port
land, will gi-ve an entertainment at
Yestler's hall, Seattle, in which the
0ii.vonile opera of "Red Riding Hood,"
and one other equally as fine, will be
reproduced by the pupils of her music
class. We had the pleasure of wit
nessing the rehearsal of a portion of
tlie opera last week, and predict that
it will be a decided success. Mrs.
Snyder has taken great pleasure in
lier work, but it is by no means an
A Land R eh in Wonders.
The Snrprltins Stor.cs Told "by a Gov
ernment InspeHor A Xeiv Hare IMs
covered In AlailKi and Incxliausfi
7jlc tTralth in Various Forms.
Although it is now more than ion
years since the Russian government
ceded to this country, for the consid
eration of $7,200:000, that portion of
its territory in Amewca known asi
Alaska, yet but little is known of the
lossab5ion thus acquired by the united
Stales. When, therefore, the reporter
met Major William Gouveriieur Mor
ris of California in the lobby of the
Ebbit House -yesterday, he found an
opportunity of enligleninsc tho public
that was not to be lost, and the genial
Major was at once subject to a aeries
of questions regarding this unknown
country, from which he has just re
"You visited Alaska in an official
capacity, did you not?" was asked.
"Yes, sir: 1 went there under di
rections from Socretaiy Sherman to
inspect the customs districts located
there. 1 have just returned, and will
submit a report to congress. Imme
diately after the purchase, Governor
Lovcll H. Rousseau went io receive
the territory with a large body of
troops in naval vessels, after which it
was garnsouod by several companies
at posts selected by General Halleck.
These posts were mariicd out by Gen
erfri Halleck at his military headquar
ters in San Francisco by merely look
ing at a map of Alaska, without a tour
of exploration "having been made.
Tin's fact is not generally known. As
a result of this, the posts were located
at points that were either totall in
accessible or difficult to reach, and
whece it was expensive to supply the
troops with garrison stores. Subse
quently all these posts were abandoned
by order of the war department, ex
cept two, viz: Sitka and forfWrangel,
on Wrangel's Island, and the govern
ment of the territory was 'finally
turned over to the treasury depart
ment. "The government was placed in the
hands of a collector of customs and
his deputies, who were occasionally
visited by a revenue cutter. But these
deputies being only authorized hy
law to collect revenue, and'having no
extended powers, whatever govern
ment they have exercised has been
usurped. This is but kittle at the
best, and, as a result, there is no gov
"What "kind of people, lilajor, are
the natives? '"
"They are Indians of two classes.
The first is the coast savage, -who live
in villages and subsits on fish of his
own catching. He is partially civil
ized From intercourse with the whites.
He also trades with the tribes of the
interior and with the whites."
"Who are the second class of peo
ple?" "They are the interior tribes, of
whom little is .known. They allow no
white man to enter their domain, and
they only trade with the coast Indians.
Their country is partitioned off for
each tribe. They are warlike, dan
gerous, and in fact perfect savages.
Both classes of (Indians are more of an
Asiatic type than our red men of the
plains, aud clearly show their Tartar
origin. The temperature of southern
Ahiska is no colder than at the mouth
of the Columbia river, Oregon, and
three degrees warmer than at Ottawa.
This is owing to the warm current
which flows from Japan, known ;is the
Japanese gulf stream. Snow is very
rarely seen in the streets of Sitka,
though in the winter time the monn
tains in the vicinity are covered. The
same clothing is worn there aK$ou
wear to-day in Washinton. The damp
ness of the air is much more io be
feared than the cold. These remarks
however, do not apply io the entire
country west of -the Aleutian islands,
which is barren and inhospitable."
Has Alaska any rivers?"
Yes, sir, the principal one bing
the Yukon, which flows through Cen
tral Alaska, and empties into Norton
sound. It has never been thoroughly
surveyed, but Capt. Raymond naviga
ted it for 2,000 miles. It is believed
to be larger than the Mississippi or
the Amazon. It is frozen up in the
winter time, and its breaking up in
spring is a grand and terrific sight.
Alaska is full of coal. It can be found
J cropping out everywhere. But it can.
not be utilized, becausethere is so
much of it in Washington territory,
which is near California and Oregon.
The best coal for steaming purposes
is found near Nanaimo, b.ut anthracite
coal is known to exist. Its develop
ment will prove a fortune to some
body, as we have no anthracite coal
on the Pacific slope. Gold, silver,
iron, copper and platinum have also
been found in paying quantities, but
none of the mines have ever been
prospected or developed, owing to the
dangers which miners are subjected to
in making explorations. In the Cas
siar district, however, .which is in Brit
ish Columbia, and which is annually
visited bT 3,000 miners, who have to
pass through Alaska, the mines" have
yielded millions of dollars of surface
gold. Recently numerous "rich, deposits
have been discovered in a part of the
territory which is now in dispute be
tween the United States and Great
Britain. The Indians wear ornaments
of gold, and state that gold exists,
but are very reticent as to its locality.
Itnust, however, be borne in mind
that prospecting in Alaska is not
like Arixona or the Black Hills. The
distance is great, the season is short,
a great deal of money is needed
to get there, and even when they reach
Alaska there is no guarantee that thej
will not be scalped by savages. Tim
ber and fish are the remaining
principle treasures. The forests are
immense, principally of yellow cedar,
which is most valuable for building
purposes. While spruce is also plen
tiful. I believe that Alaska -will
eventual! supply the -world with sal
mon. The Oregon fisheries are giving
out. From the mouth of the river,
below Astoria, there are stretchod
across it for 40 -miles seine after seine,
and the salmon cannot get up the river
to spawn. But the Alaska fisheries
are inexhaustible, and a catch from
4,000 to 7,000 salmon with one haul
of the seine is of common occurrence.
Two wealthy San Francisco firms hatse
started canneries in Alaska, and
last year sent down betweenjOOO and
8,000 cases each containing four dozen
one pound cans. There is no govern
ment whatever. There are no courts,
and a man there has no civil or po
'lifical rights. No -person can acquire
title to property, ipx.thore is no law to
enforce the collection of debts or the
conveyance of deedB, wills or other
instruments. "Nor even can he ac
quire lands by pre-emption. He
can neither vote, Jiold property, nor
is he guaranteed trial by jury!"
"How largo is Alaska?" was asked
"It contains 500,000 square miles,
about one-tenth the size of the United
.States. It has 2,000 miles of sea-cot-ct,
or more than all the sea-coast
of .the United States together.
Set np your Bar at Home.
Temperance Lecture & C. T. Campbell, at
Barkeepers in this city pay on an
average $2 per gallon for whisky. Qne
gallon contains an average. oftCS-drinks
and at ten cents a drink the poor -man
pays $0 50 per gallon for his whisky.
In other words, he pays 2 for the
whisky and $4 50 to .a man for hand
ing it over the bar. Hake your wife
your barkeeper. Lend her $2 to buy
a gallon of whisky for a beginning, and
every time you want a drink go to her
and pay ten cents for it. By the time
you have drank a gallon sho will have
$G 50, or enough to refund the $2
borrowed of you, to pay for amother
gallon of -whisky, and have a balance
of $2 50. She will be able to conduct
rfuture operations on her own capital,
aud when you become an inebriate,
unable to support yourself, shunned
and despised by all respectable people,
your wife will have enough money to
keep you until you get ready to fill a
Sinpo the last Tcuort of clearances
fiom tin Astoria custom house was!
made for publication in The Astoiuax.
the. Jfollowini' vessels have clcareft for
European ports with cargoes and values,
as specified. Shipments from Portland
are noted as they eccur:
To Queenstown, per Centennial, Kerch 11.
Wheat from Astflrin
&311CC1-. $15,050 Oft
Totals .- J5.'H5
To Liverpool, per Allegiance March It.
Plour from Portland- auasnrbls- m2 00
1 caso elk horns . m
Total - -r- W---2 W
To Honolulu. -DcrHcra, March 11.
J .Lumber, etc., froia Astoria .i4.32i 00 J
AROUND THE CITY.
I. C. Johnson may he found at the
Occident in Astoria every Mondav.
Wednesday, and Friday eveninir. ready
to attend to messenger "duty in Portlaiul
or to points along the river In a satisfac
jlr. J. Stewart. stone and marble
cutter of Astoria xvill guarantee satis
faction to all ordering 'work of him. and
will do a bettor job for less nionev than
any outside workman. J I is work! in the
cemetery here should be sufficient reeom
iiuMidatiau. Before vow let vour con
tracts for work of this kind it 'would he
well to call upon Mr. Stewart.
Prof. A. L. Francis of Portland,
will be in the citv a few davs at the Oc
cident hotel. Those willing to pur
chase musical instruments, or having
pianos and organs to tune or repair, will
do well to call on him as he has had life
long experience iu the business, jrtul has
the best of facilities for purchasing at
low rates. He is located near Portland
and will make regular trips to Astoria.
Oysters served in everv stvie at
the Walla Walla Restaurant.
Fresh oysters in every style and
at all hours at the Pioneer restaurant.
A new lot of full hound blank. and
receipt books, special I v for use in can
neries, at the City Book store.
Get your baskets filled for a little
money at Bailees.
Niek Siiuivalence has concluded
that there is no millions in shipping
sailors, and he has given up that uum
ness, and is attendingcloselv to keeping
a hotel. Call at the Chicago House and
see for yourself.
Fresh oysters in every style at
Schmcer. See advertisement.
- A small house to let in a desirable
locality for residenoe. Inquire at this
Parties in want of good Cedar
Shingles will do well to apply to II. C.
Coaiegys, Kalama, W. T.
New invoice ot those Medallion
Ranges at Magnus C. -Crosby 'a.
Peter Runey Is still in the market
with all kinds of building materials in
his line, lias just received 100,000 lath,
2.000 bushels of sand, and a large stock
of first quality of brick at his warehouse
foot of Benton street.
P. J. Goodman, on Main street, has
just received the latest and most fash
ionable fit le of gent and ladies boots,
Fresh fruits and vegetables at
"The Weekly Astorhm.
One of the best papers published on
the Pacific coast, is mailed to subscri
bers every Friday, postage paid to any
part of the United States, at the follow
ing rates, in advance:
One Year..-.- $: 00
Four Months 1 00
Single Copy 10
?T"A limited number of Miiall adver
tisements will be inserted at the usual
Apply at the oflice. or address
D. C. IitEi.AXD. Publisher.
State and county taxes must be paid
on or before March 15th, 1871), on the
assessment of 1878, otherwise costs will
be made. W. 1 L Twilight.
Sheriff of Clatsop County.
The closincjout sale of Ladies Under
wear and Embroidery, on! Ohenainus
street, next to Dements drugstore, will
only be open until Tuesflay, the llth
inst. New goods opened for this week
which will be sold at low prices.
.Respectfully, MAumae II. Black.
Lodging House Persons requiring
furnished or unfurnished roonw.ean be
accommodated at (reasonable rutes at
Mrs.Munson's Chenamus st., Astoria.
AY ANTS, LOST, FOUND, ETC.
IRL WANTED. To do general house
work m a small family. Apply at
"TirL WANTKDTo act as nurse ami.
vJf perform light ho.ise work m a fainuy at
Fort Canby. Inquire at THIS OFFICE.
LAUNDRY FOR SALE. Inquire at the
Astoria Steam Laundry.
J. T. BOUCHERS. Proprietor,
HOlSETO LEI. A nice residence, new.
contamiugsix.raums.AYUl be .ready lor
a ttnant anv time ou short notice.
For particulars inquire at
53tf THIS OFFICE.
FOR SALE. The jiropexty known as the
liehnonieo Restaurant in Astoria, will
be sold very cheap for cash.
For particulars -and -terms, appply to Mrs.
Barbare at Airs. Arrigonl's, Mam street,
"TOTICE. Notice Is "herein given, and all
JLi persons herebv warned not to pay any
road tax to Thomas Logan, as the under
signed is the oiftysvirtlwirweU person to col
lect within the limits of this district and city.
FL-j-Std Actimr Sunt, of Streets.
"ftTOTICK. Notice is hereby given to all
JL persons holding receipts for lots pur
chased in the Citv Cemetery to 'have the
same filed with the Auditor andtClerk with
in ten das from this date, and procure their
deeds. This is for the purpo.se -of enabling
them to have their deeds reeorded and to
save, confusion of titles in the future.
Bv order of the Common Council.
R. H. CARDWELL.
Auditor and Clerk.
Astoria. March 8. 187:7. 57-dlOt
!Pish Commissioners Notice.
THE UNDERSIGN EI) FISH COMMIS
sionerfor "Washington territory, hereby
ivp.s nciMce that he will visit all the canner-
river, from the first .o .the twentieth oH
iptnniim w:isiun!Zioii UTniorv sine, tu im
March, awl after 'that will be at Brooklleld
far.the rest of the season.
ALBERT F. STREAM,
-Koktci COVK, W. T., Feb. 17, 1S79.
FInTi Commissioners Notice.
NOTIOE IS HEREBY GIVE TnAT
the undersigned, having been duly ap
pointed KW.putv for Clatsop county. Jay C.
Llenenwe'ber.'Fish Commissioner, under the
laws of ilusStnte-of Oregon, will be."in rcadi-
nnra fr.-kri nml .rTffiM till intP tfl "lSSlf H-
tllW-l UY'JII UIIU ... ...... ...--. ..- "" I
ci'iiara. ill i.is uiiv "(' jiuiin, n ' .u-
and Sqemocqho streets. Astoria. Oregon.
I'ersonsseudlHK in applications for licenses
will please send No. of boat and the name of
the fisherman or captain of the boat.
H. B. FERGUSON,
JSeputy Fish Commissioner.
Hill's New Variety Tiiatre;
NEW AND ELEGANT BOXER,
SITTING ROOMS, ETC
The Decorations of the New Theatre was.
executed by Mr. F. Holt.
NEW AND ELABORATE SCENERY.
Painted by Mr. "Win. West. Architect and
liuihler Mr. Kemblg.
On and after this date will be given a
First Giass Entertainment,
Which for Refinement jmd Noveltv cannot
be unequaled on this coast. Our Per
formance Comment es witli our
First Part of Rflale and Female
Singing, Dancing, Acrobatic Feats,
Negro Sketches, Trapeze Performers,
Pantomimists and Jugglers.
HOUSE CROWDED NIGHTLY
To see our Refined and Tnequalled enter
tainment. New Avt.s. New Song's and com
plete change of Programme twice a week.
GJZQ m... Troprictor.
Entrance to Boxes and Circle on Cheim
inns Street. Performance to commence
at eight o'clock precipe.
0ARPEtlTR AtrD J0WER,
AND GENERAL JOBBER
ftlkmses built to order, and patisfnetion
cuarnntced. Shop on Squemoeqlm street,
next door to the Episcopal church.
ITorc-ig-n and lio mobile Fruits,
Nuts, Candies, Yankee Notions, Toys.
Finest brands of
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
Chenamus street, - Astoria
NEW TAILORING SHOP.
(In A. "V. Cone's Buildiug.)
"WATISK STKEET ASTOK1A, OjREUOX.
BEGS LEAVE TO INFORM TnETCB
lie that tie Is now prepared to make aH
kinds of clothing to order, or to renovate or
KSIIavini bad an experience of 25 years.
I defy collection In fiie art of making old
clothes look like. new. Jllvsvstem is known
only -to anyself, hy whk'h 1 can lengthei
pantaloons without piecing, etc.
For particulars see small cards.
Tailor, steam-scourer and Hepairer..
THE ASTORIA BREWERY
RUDOLPH BARTH & MICHAEL MEYEh,
Conner of Olney and IVatcr aUoets.
Best Quality olJLAGjRJiKEJlJi cts. per glass
Clioiec Wines, Liquors, and Cigars alway
narTlie patronage of the public Is respect
fully solicited. Orders for Lager or Bottled
Beer iu any quantity promptly filled.
vSThe best lunch the season will afford
furnished day and night FJtKE.
"Wilson & Fisher
LUBRICATING OILS, COAL OIL,
PAIXTB AND OILS.
Sheet, Round, and Square Prepared
PROVISIONS, MILL PEED,
GARDEN SEED, GRABS SEED.
Which willhfieriahangedior country pro
duce or-sold at lowest 7ricea.
Corner Clirnnmus and Hamilton Streets
CLEANING and REPAIRING PROMPTLT
Benton street, sOpposRe Ro6t-.ofnoe. Astoria.
Comer Main and Chenmnua Street?,
ASTORIA ....t OREGOX..
CIGARS AN Q TOBACCO,
AND THE GENUINE Y0STENH0LW
andrthor English Cutlory.
FAIRCHILD'S 50L1D PENS
Genuine ISdeersh&am Fipes, ete
A fine stock il
Watelie and .Towel ry. 3Ttizzlc ana
lreech Trading; Kliotrcfttins
Rcvolvcrx, l-intols, Ixit)i Itifles,.
JUST RECEIVED BY '
I. X. L. STORE
C rner 3I:un and Coucomly streets,
"t itw:i2KTKS. FLOUR. FEED. WOODEJT
DT ware, Coal Oils. Tobaccos, and Gents Fur-,
nishing Gooda, which will be sold at Io.wSt