The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883, October 31, 1877, Image 1

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Astoria, Oregon, "Wednesday Morning, October 31, 1877.
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ISSUED EVERY MORNING,
(Monday E.eeptel),
Atturuin BuUdiny, Cass Sired.
terms of Subscriptien:
ervcd by Carrier, per week .21 Cents
Sent by mail, four months ..$$ 00
Scat by mail, cne year. 'J 01)
.Free of l'tstnxe to Subscribers.
RSF" AdrcrUceinents inserted by the year at
the Tf.toof$i ."W per ii:iro per month.
Transient .tdverti'-injr, by the day or week,
fifty ents per square for each in.-cition.
To City Subscribers.
"Tncre arc such frequent chanpes in the rei
Sence of our city pations that wo shall feel
obliced to any who make such ch:uie if they
will roport the same to thisollicc. Utheiwisc
wo .ha.ll not b res;.oniblo for failure of the
carrier lo deliver the paper promptly and J
regularly to tuenu
The new city Mil is walking right
.along.
It is an outrage that silver is not
worth :is much a' gold.
-
Capt, kludge imported his fire wood
-for this winter. It came from New York
in the Santa Clara.
TJie meeting of fisherman to-night
at Liberty hall will he one of importance
io every citizen of Astoria.
After this the range lights at St
Helen Avill be lighted every night. Mr.
.Lanibon has charge of the same by order
of the light-house board.
The fishermen's meeting to-night at
Liberty hall is for the purpose of taking
.measures to offset the injury likely to be
put upon Astoria by the Portland board
trade.
A performance will be given at Lib
erty hall in this city Saturday evening,
tor the benefit of Rescue Engine com
pany No. 2, at which the best amateur
talent of the city will appear.
Among the passengers by the Ajax
due to-morrow, we note the name of our
tfellow citizen, John Badolett, Esq.
The Aneon is due also to-morrow. Both
isteameis luive large lists of passengers.
Perhaps the Oregonian is better ac
quainted with the facts as to where Mrs.
.Dodge resided before her marriage than
tr.Dodge him.elf. Otherwise the item is
-correct, us stolen from Tin: Asfouiax.
The Santa Clara wjll go to sea to-day,
drawing 2 fut't When will Portland
cver.be able to send a ship to sea as deep
in the water as that. Yet they insist up
there that Astoria is not entitled to a
customs collection district.
Referring to a notice of the work of
2Ir. James Stewart in this city, the Olym
nia Transcript says: ''The above from
the Astorian, and is a just tribute to a
worthy mechanic. Mr. Stewart lives on
ihe Wishkah river, at the head of Gray's
Harbor, but executes work wherever re
quired. , -
The Astokiax says : "The City of
York stuck in the Willamette. Why
' jiot take the dredger in your own collec
tions district, brother PortlandersV'
After you get done using the dredge to
deepen your harbor so tliat vessels will
not sticlc right in front of your town, we
w.ilhcheeviully accept the services of the
same. Oregon hm-
Thank ye, Mister Oregonian, we've no
'Beed of a dredger .right in front of our
,own town. If your Board of Trade will
desist from recommending men for pilots
who have no more-sense than to anchor
a vessel in two fathoms of water we
guess the Astoria harbor will net-ask the
use of your dirty old dredger. There
now-;stick in the mud, dry up.
--And now comes the Sunday Wel
come, and says: "Astoria was visited by
another high old wind, causing consid
erable consternation among shipping.
The British bark West Riding was car
ried on a sand spit but got off without
injury. The American ship Santa Clara
dragged her anchor and got aside of a
large chain of the luf us E. Wood dam
age not known. A French vessel was
also injured." The West Riding was
anchored in a bad place by the Captain
who brought her inas coast pilot from
San Fraucisco. A man whom Mr. Wm.
Reid, and other Portland colonial gents
urged the Board of Pilot Commissioners
to give a certificate .Gf branch pilot on
the bar; Capt. Clements. The balance
af the above item has tie usual number
.of falsehoods which a,r,e expected in
. .-every item that ;appeacs n that pawner
iconcerojhyj jHiJinfis .about Astoria..
NEWS OF THE KORNING.
When a notice appears on a bank
door in the States "absent, will beback
in ten days," people begin to know
that the concern is busted.
Complete access has been obtained
to both pits of the High Blantry col
liery near Glasgow, and it has been
ascertained that 250 persons perished.
Mrs. Elizabeth Thompson, the dis
tinguished philanthropist and million
aire, has been elected president of the
New York liberal club, formerly pre
sided over by Horace Greeley.
On the 2Sth, a body of Russians
carried a Turkish position at Telische,
west of Plevna. One pasha, several
ofiicers and seven companies of Turk
ish troops were taken prisoners.
Three cannons were captured.
The President has appointed the
29th of November :is a day of national
thanksgiving and prayer "and I earn
estly recommend that withdrawing
themselves from secular cares and la
bors the people of the United States
do meet together on that day in their
respective places of worship, there to
give thanks and praise to Almighty
God for His mercies, and to devoutly
beseech their continuance."
The condition of Senator Morton
is not so hopeful as it has been for a
week past. His stomach has retained
nothing that has been taken into it for
the past 24 hours, aaid as a conse
quence he has grown veaker. He has
been kept up in part by administra
tion of opiates and nutritious aids by
the hypodermic process. His attend
ing physician, Dr. Thompson, does
not think there is :uiy probability of
his immediate death. It is evident
that he cannot hist long unless there
is a change in the condition of his
stomach.
Private letters from a highly re
sponsible source in Japan state un
equivocably that the secret negotia
tions between England and Japan on
one side and Russia and Japan on the
other have embraced these points and
results, viz: England insists -on shar
ing all of Japan's advantages in open
ing Corea, and Japan refuses to con
cede the demand. .Russia consents to
support Japan's refusal to any extrem
ity if Japan will waive her claim to
the northern port of entry and choose 1
one further south.
A Yictoria dispatch of the 29th,
says the steamship California, from
Cassiar and Sitka, arrived this morn
ing, bringing 150 passengers and 110,
000 in gold dust. The revenue cutter
Olu er "Wolcott arrived at Sitka on the
17th. The Chilicut Indians had ar
rived a few days previous to partici
pate in the potlach given by Sitka
Jack and his tribe. The cutter arrived
just in time to prevent the Indians
from demolishing the barricade around
the town. They had already com
menced,, and had pulled down some
200 feet, being protected by seventy
armed warriors from any interference
by the whites. The citizens seem to
think tliat the timely arrival of the
cutter was the means of preventing
the Indians, during their drunken rev
elry, from murdering the whites.
There is much alarm amongst the citi
zens, and nearly all of them are too
poor to abandon what property they
have and leave the country. Some of
the storekeepers are making prepara
tions to remove to Wrange1. Col. De
Alina, the recently appointed collector,
has returned on the California just as
we predicted, and, it is said, will not
return to Sitka unless the government
furnishes the proper protection neces
sary for the safe prosecution of the
business of the customs department.
Tha steamer California took up three
guns for the oollector. The military
department left 30,000 pounds of pow
der infche magazine, whifi is considen
.ed safe from the Indians -jsiile .there
is a cutter in the bay,.
ITEMS.
Xotioi:. By,
equest of many citi-
zens I will
ancing Academy at
Libertv
about November 1,
and modern stvle
1S77. All
of dancii
taught by first class
dancers
ance to
ting up
private.
usie will be in atlend-
classes. Parties get
club can have lessons
qix'a class Saturday af ter-
noon, am
everv baturuav even
ing, rorlurtlier particulars, inquire or.
CJeo. W. Cornart, at Cornnrt's music
store, Chenamus street, next door to
Dements.
Kinney's compressed corned beef
and Tillamook clams at retail at E. S.
Larsen's and llickmott & Bailey's.
Call on Hamburger for cheap dry
goods. See advertisement.
Anything you want that is nice in
the stationery line, can be found at Ad
ler's at the cheapest prices.
Those brackets are neat and cheap
at Adlers.
Money is scarce but you do not
need much money to trade at Adler's.
Mrs. Arrfgoni is furnishing good
rooms with board at from $( to .TV and
upwards per week, according to location.
Choice new sets of crockery, very
unique and novel; also the self-righting
'spittoon,' that always; keeps upright,
just received and selling at prices to
suit the times, at J. W. Case's.
Hoard and lodging can be had at
Mrs. Munson's at reasonable rates.
The best cooking apples and pears
in the city are to be found at Bozortlfs,
who also keeps a full stock of fresh veg
etables constantly on hand at the lowest
prices. Call amf be convinced.
You can always get fresh oysters
in every style and at all hours, day or
night, at the Central Coffee Saloon, Con
comly street, between Benton and La
fayette. Thos. McFarland, proprietor.
Astoria Liquor Store, II. Marx &
Co., proprietors. Sole agents for Charles
Rebstock & Co., St. Louis, Mo. Ameri
ca's finest Stonewall whisky, Snow Hill
lire. Cooper whisky. For sale by all gen
eral dealers and saloon keepers. Depot
and Branch House of Marx & Jorgen
sen, Portland, Oregon. ,
Dry goods, millinery and notions
cheap for thirty days at the Bee Hive.
The Dance of Life, an answer to
the Dance of Death, at the Circulating
Library.
.... Dr. F. P. Hicks, dentist, rooms in
Dr. Welch's building, on Squemoqha
street, offers his services to the public of
Astoria.
Peter Runey is still in the market
with all kinds of building materials in
his line. Has just received JlX),iXK) lath,
2.000 bushels of sand, and a large stock
of first quality of brick at his warehouse
foot of Denton street.
Stoves and fall goods for house
keepers in great variety at L. P. Rich-
man tc to s.
The ''Dance of Life,' an answer
to the Dance of Death, bv Mrs. J. M.
Bowers. For sale at the City Book Store.
Board and lodging by the day or
week at the Astoria Beer Hall, Main
street, Astoria. Peter Daviscourt, pro
prietor. Single men feel like marrying
when they see the Medallion range at L.
P. Richman & Co's.
...Fresh oysters in every style at
Schnieer's.
White wire goods in every style,
at L. P. Richman & Co's.
Dr. B. R. Freeland has located per
manently in Astoria for the practice of
dentistry. Office in Shuster's building,
on Cass street, next door to Tim Asto
iciax office.
SSPhotographs! The latest styles
taken at Shuster's new gallery, Cntsst.,
next to the Astorian office.
33 For clean towels, sharp razors,
and nn easy shave, go to Gillepie at Par
kek House Haths. Hair cutting, sham
pooning, and dyeing.
S?T.iitle Van has reestablished
himseif at the old corner, refreshed by his
late journey lo the Atlantic slntes, and
will a formerly attend to all orders in his
line as general jobber.
ANOTHER VICTORY GAINED IX FA
VOR OF SPECIE PAYMENTS.
After this date, com will he used for
change, and tickets dispensed with; all
drinks and cigars five and h'n cents, at
the Chicago House, Main street, Astoria.
X. WEIMAX.
Astoria, Oct 3, 1877.
SOMETHING NEW.
For Glassware, Crockery, Powder and
Shot, Gun "Wads. Percussion Caps. in
fact everything that is useful as well as
ornamental, go to J. W. Gearharr. who
sells cheap for cash. Goods delivered
free of charge.
Canary Birds. for sale at Gilles
pie's, Parker house hath;:.
Smr-MASTEKs Reading Room. Mr.
Peter Wilhelm has permanently fitted
up a shipmaster's readinir room in con
nection with the Gem saloon in Astoria.
The latest shipping papers and home
ward and outward bound shipping lists
are kept on file. Telegraph office next
door.
Com. Xutt and troupe are pa he
Ajax.
rKinney received 160 head of fine calr
$le direct from Th Dalles this yp eefc
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"Is a Salmon a Salmon? "
Tlie Prize Fish tlic Columbia
Spring Silver Side.
Other Varieties in the Waters
of Puget Sound.
AN INTERESTING PAPER FROM 3!R.
JAMES G. SWAN.
The most importaut fish taken
in "Washington Territory, both as
to quantity and extensive use made
ot it by the natives and settlers for
food, as well as tor the valuable
branch of business of export purpo
ses in the salmon, of which includ
ing the trout, there are sixteen va
rieties as enumerated by Cooper
and Suckley m their reports on the
zoology of the territory, and bT
B.iird. Girard, St. John Kichardson
and other authorities, who have
written upon the ichthyology of
the i.orihtt'esterii coast.
Dr. Suckley, with an originality
quite commendable in him, has
adopted indian names for new va
rieties which are more readily un
c1erlood by the people ot the ter
ritory than the im pronounceable
Greek and Latin names commonly
used in scientific descriptions, and
his names hive been adopted by
all subsequent writers.
The finest salmon taken on the
Pacific coast are the spring silver
salmon ol the Columbia river, of
which the choicest are taken near
the mouth of that river, and are
known as Chinook salmon, from the
fact that the early fisheries were
principally located at that point.
This salmon is named ( salmo
qmnuat). an evident corruption of
the name of a delicious variety,
fouud in the Quin-nai-ult river, near
point Crenville. l.ortli ot Grays
harbor. The salmon qumnat en
tered the Columbia river in May
and June, and generally abundant
when the salmon bery (rubus spec
tablis) is ripe, say about the 10th
of Juno.
The spring salmon of the Colum
bia reach a jjreat size, fifty pounds
bein": not an unusual weight for
them to attain. Some even reach
ing to sevent3T-five pounds. They
are excessively fat when they first
enter the liver, but after ascending
to the upper waters, they become
thin and lose their finest flavor.
They are in their best condition
when they first come in from the
ocean.
The most delicious variety I have
tasted in the territory are taken iu
the Quinnaiult river.and are known
as quinnaiult salmon in distinction
from any other variety. They
rarely attain ten pounds weight,
but they are very fat and ut the
most delicate flavor imaginable.
The names and varieties of sal
mon and salmon-trout in Washing
ton territory, as given by Dr.
George Suckley, as given in his zo
ological report to Gov. Stevens are
as follews:
1. Salmo Quinnat, Spring Silver
salmon, May and June'.
2. Salmo Quinnaiult, Auril and
May.
3. Salmo pancidens, weak tooth
salmon, May and Jim.
4. Salmo Tsuppitch, while sal
mon, September.
5. Salmo Truncutus, silvery win
ter salmon, or t-quaretailed salmon,
mid-winter.
6. Salmo Gairdinori, spring sal
mon, May and June.
7. Salmo Confluentus, Niqually
salmon June.
S. Salmo Seoul in, hook nose sal
mon, September and October.
9. Salmo Pro-ens, bump back
salmon, September and October in
alternate years.
10. Salmo Canis, dog salmon, or
spotted salmon, October and No
vember. 11. Salmo Gibsii, black-spotted
salmon-trout, May.
12. Salmo Spectablis, red spot
ted salmon-tioutj Mid Summer and
Autumn.
13. j3alm,o (Fario) Aurora, or
ange spotted trout.
14. Salmo Clarkii, brook trout
or Clark's pajmon.
There are several other varieties
of trout, but, as yet they have not
been properly defined, and in some
instances are known to be the
young of other fish.
Young salmon called by the
English grilse, or yearlings, are of
ten taken on the waters of Puget
sound and called trout by inexper
ienced persons, and of the trout
proper, there is but little doubt
that the young of some species
have been classed as new varieties,
from being different marked than
the adults.
As an almost invariable rule, the
best varieties of salmon frequent
the large rivers, while the inferior
kinds, like the hook nose and dog
salmon frequent the smaller streams
Those two last named varieties en
ter the rivers of Puget sound in
immense numbers in the fall, par
ticularly the dog salmon or spotted
salmon, which run up the smallest
streams, in vast shoals, even run
ning out of the water upon the
shores in their blind eagerness to
surmount impossibilities and reach
head waters ot the stream to de
posit their spawn.
It i not my intention at the
present time, nor will the limits of
a newspaper article give space to a
description of all these varieties
and the rivers they frequent, but I
would suggest to those engaged in
the business of canning, and partic
ularly those person who think that
"a salmon is a salmon," to examine
into this matter and they will find
descriptions of all varieties in the
zoological works of Suckley and
Cooper, and in part 2 ot vol. 12
Pacific railroad reports. There is
quite as much difference in the
quality of our salmon as between
the fat eulachon and the dry smelt,
or between extra number one
mackerel and "tinkers," and those
establishments who pay the most
attention to to the selection ot the
best varieties will find the market
demand will give them the prefer
ence. The present editor of the State
Journal gives notice that he is past
sixty years of age and never attempt
ed newspaper work before; hopes for
forbearance and lenity from his breth
ren, and" says there is no fight in him,
bnt more fun than would lie on a ten
acre lot.
Senator Booth has introduced a
bill to authorize the secretary of the
interior to declare forfeitures of rail
road grants in certain cases. It pro
vides that in all cases where railroad
grants have expired, or where such
grants may expire by limitation of law,
it shall immediately be the duty of
the secretary of the interior to declare
all such lands included in such grants
which have not been patented by the
United States to the grantee where the
grant has been made to a corpor
ation, or which have not been lawfully
disposed of by the state where the
grant has been made to a state; for
feited to the United States, and after
such declaration the lands thus declar
ed forfeited shall be disposed of the
same as the other public lands of the
United States.
Several editions of the Ajstobian,
(Daily, "Weekly and Sunday), never
insert advertisements known to b.e of
an immoral or swindling character,
"We refuse many dollars offered, for
3iich advertisements every year, but
always throw out advertisements sus
pected of being of this nature,
Nevertheless we cannot hold our
selves responsible for the good faith
of our advertisers, nor undertake to
relieve readers from the need of ex
ercising common prudence on their
own behalf. They must judge for
themselves whether the goods ad
vertised can in the nature of
things be furnished for the price
asked. They will find it a good rule
to be careful about extraordinary
bargains, and they can always find
safety in doubtful cases by paying for
goods only upon their delivery,
SWho wants to know about th$
great Slate where the exports equal in
value 375 per head of the entire popula
tion, sen4 1 00 to D. G, Ireland for Thk
Astoriav, the only Oregon paper, pubr
hed wfrff) te intercut of pregon,
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