The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883, October 19, 1877, Image 1

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YoL &
Astoria, Oregon, Friday Morning, October 19, 1877.
No. 116
(Monday Excelled t,
Astoria?, Bidldwj Gcur lylr-eeL
4crmsYjt Subscripiia::; .
:?irri by Corner, mr r. eek -" Ccotc
fet by mail, four months SJ W
SojK. by mail, cue year 'J 'Jv
Free of l'ostuge to rSubscribcrs.
iW AdrcrtipuiGnls inserted by the year at
Clse rati- of 51 "' per pirnc per mouth.
Trsinient:idTerti-in!r, lv the day vr vrook,
fifty fciit-J er ?:vure for eiidi iordiiwt.
To City Subscribers.
There are sueh fre iiiosit chanjres tn the resi
dence f our city pai-join ibaf we s-iiuJl feed
.lifisud to :my who iiuilve ;jc1i ciianpe if tJiey
will rciK.Tt the same U) ihs office. Ulhe: wie
nvc -JialJ not he rei eligible Pr failme of the
cuirier Jo deliver the ii;'er aikl
vesultnly U tjieui
Wheat has advanced to 1.05 jor
3ushcl in Eugene.
No more Chinese will be empJoy,ed
n public work Lu Portland.
Berrah Urowa i aceusod of forging J
fr.says the Waliu, Walla Statesman, had I
been kicked oiitoX.the clerk's office on ae- Petition of Jas. W. Welch executor
-ou ni of iiieonipefe-ney. and linue the of the estate of James Welch, de
aittempt to vrong the wan who iiad be- ' ceased, for permission to construct a
.friended luiu. J.udasliad the decency to ' wharf on ortions of blocks 120 and
Jiang himself. The .ScaUl'i Jndas lacks , 1-j w:is referred to the committee on
:11ns si:: of propriety. wharves and water frontage.
j m khiuoii i.i nv: iajr .u . at tlle mov of Squemocqlia and La- H the limes, at i. W. I'ase's.
()lyjnpia was th" presentation of a pair ! fayette sheets; IMain and Chenamus ....Uoard and lodging can be had at
4f gold bracelets. YAltied at 2r, to the aMd Coui-t and Olncy streets, was re- -""son's at reasonable rates,
diandsomest youn ladv, and a ten cent ,.'A iA uln.Ml rm fib The best eookinir annles aixl nears
snirrwr to ihe homeliest man. On ln-
f.layevening the vote was counted and tmtor of the estate of Geo- W. Yar
MissStelhi (iallihor, who is engrossing ren deceased, for ernneously
c-Ierk 1st the House, carried oiT the prize, j paid, was referred to t&e committee on
The mirror was presented to Mr. S. C , ways ;md means.
"Woodruff. Cominunication of Cant. J. H. J).
-We congratulate our friendDr.Pfun-! Gra ' enjner of the lire de
aler on the advent of an heir The lament was referrco I to the commit
lieesavs: "The wee stranger brought fee on streets and public ways, relat-
,....,, . ? . .. , mg to streets,
iintoht joy to the )icwly-made father and ?Wie co:m,littee 011 w .a allll mcaKS
iiioHicr. Ihe boy weighs 170 ounces, reiK)rtcdrtl the dty t,, wport
avoirdupois, and is a bouncer. The ulul the latter document wtis placed on
iiiouicr :uji muv are uuusiiHiiy'-'weii, oul
it is not known that the father will
cover from the shock sustained.'
Indian Affau:s. Our acquaintance
with Capt. Winant. 307 California mar-
ket, leads us to indorse Jus remarks upun
Indian affairs, winch appear in another i
Lai;oiiWoi:li. The Astomn branch
of the National labor world received its
charter from Chicago on the 17tli. wliieh '
.... . , ; ,, ....
will be presented at the next meeting at
the court-house in this citv on Satunlav
A Slight Coui:i:ction. Yesterday
an item appeared in this paper respect
ing a valuable cow owned by Mr. Callou ladder truck for Alert Co. So. 1, pn -of
this city, which contained several in- i viding for procuring the same on ac
accuracies. Corrected the item reads as ' count of the " general fund. There
follows: i P01"fc was accepted and the Recorder
A Pjiofitarlk Cow. Mr. Oallou of wus instructed to notify the chief cn
this city has a lull blooded durham cow gineer with respect to the action of the
.that proves that "blood will tell" when . council.
one goes to purchase stock. Besides j -Rcl)ort 0f S. G. Ingalls, Supcrin
fiirnishinginilk lor his own table since . i . r ,i ... f i i ,wi
the day of last Mav Mr. Oallott has ! tendciit of streets, was accepted and
sold 774 ga'lons of milk at 10 cents jer i
quart, ainountingto;a) GO: and has sold
the call for Sl." to Ca)t. 11. A. Snow,
which, added to the sales of milk makes
3424 GOfor the period of five mouths, ei)d-!
ing October 1.1, 1877. 1
. - r J
Tongue Point A friend yesterday j
a isited and found the work aiuj improve- j
ments progressing raj.idlv at Tongue'
Point. Taking advantage of the remit '
, ,, , - , . i . . ll ordinance making appropriation
edthe work forward, using a large num- r .,, r ,- r11 l Cr
. , . , , m7 i ?i , from special tax fund for pay of fire
ber of extra workmen skilled m the bus- t etc d
mess. Masons have commenced laying , Au ordillance naking appropriation
the brick foundation tor the dwelling for deficiency of pay of police passed,
house which will contain 7 rooms and be An ordinance making appropriation
two stories high. The pile driving is from general fund passed second read
finished with the exception of a few fen-, inr.
der piles. The roadway of this dock is j An ordinance making appropriation
L'GO f eet i n length b j 20 feet iu width, the of $200 for expenses of fire depart-
niain dock being ir0 feet long and ;;o
feet wide. About ;0 men are employed
at present. Mr. Woodward, the land
lord for the majority of those employed, j
has ample accommodations and sets an
excellent table, and we should infer from
what we heard that the boys passed
happy evenings, singing, etc.
-Mph;iTits wishinor the popular
t r.h,..k ran nurchiie them n't Til k
tried the yum win ever nimuuuu u.
. ... . -ii i .1 :. ti
ftvea book keening guves Jos-s, to. both
customer and merchant, obviates any dis
mt.f cluing, nnd in iauv ways nnikes It
A most desirable mode p f transacting a
credit buaiuea;. ?ry it;. .
"There isn't a Tegetable,'" says
iie Worcester Press, ""that can ketchup)
with the tomato."
Usury has boon the cause of danu.
ing more souls thau all other causes
combined since Adam s:nv the 1'gbt of
lay in the garden of .Eden.
We will not ask for usury laws if
the laws fr the collection of debts are
Annulled. People will then trust only
where there ;s perfect -security..
The railroads axe not a tenth iart
as much to blame for the hard limes.
dej session of business, strikes, mobs
and depression of property as ai-e
Ihe Wall lrcet syndicate national
bank rnjg.
Jt kaCttle singular how much
valuable time a woman will take up in
studying the postmark of a letter to
see where it -comes from, when she
can open ihe letter and ibid out at
Common Council.
The regular .meeting of the common
jcoimeil waa helvl at the council chani-
,er Wednesday evening at 8 o'clock.
Oonnciliucii present, Messit. j-errell,
si- . -m v - ;
Flavd, Warren and Pae.
l'etition or various citizens ior lamps
Petition nf Olms. .Stevens, adminis
The cojnmittee on health .and police
reported verbally with respect to the
new city buihtinir, that they had coi -
tractcd with Messrs. Bain & Fcrgus i
for construction of the building, etc,
but asked for further time to make
final report, which was granted,
The committee on street and public
ways reported on petitions for street
fcunns, authorizing the construction of
certain lamps, designating that the
same be done by authority of the com-
wi ..,,. rpu , ,. .
nnttee on ways and means, ihe re-
port was received and referred to the
committee on Avays and means for fur
ther action.
The committe on fire and water re
ported on the matter of a hook and
jdaced on file.
All ordinance relating to the Jefier-
son :ilid 01ey streets fund P;issea the
second reading.
An ordinances in relation to the
fun(1 of -Lafayette street passed the
socond reading.
An ordinance malniig appropriation
Jroi? ticSeral fl,?d to sliecial tax
incut, passed.
Wan-ants were ordered in payment
of claims against the city as follews:
Astorian Silo" 00
Masonic Land and Building As
sociation 10 00
O.F.Bell 24 7r
W. II. Davidson 40 oo
! 1 1. Gcarhart 150 00
! Jit Hume. ITiO )
er t?. ra if
x". a- unco ....
A 00
, Cr S1vens & on . . . ;
300 00
.). C. Trullmger 40J 4)
Parker Ilouse ."..'...' 11 50
. D,, In,gntls.. . . . '. '.'.','.'. 1 !"!!'!! .. '. ...V. 12.) GO
if-fe.. QrantJ.;... .....; :x;.7.'.... 'W
The Auditor was instructed to issue
warrants iu favor of jST. Clinton for
street work, upon the filing of con
tracts as required hj the charter.
Qu motien council adjourned at 8:45.
TjfflAmook canned clams for sale
fjL. r.
in rn want oi minding
interims f
un v's wharf, iluriiighis
tine same by applying
to T. S. .1
r A. Wing.
Louisiana Bail - dozers
.live shooters), at Adler's.
Papctcries. the fine-i si
lock in the
.ity. jusi reeieo at Aoiers.
L.ju: Takj: Notjok. .Inst receiv
ed at Adit's. jierforaUyJ card board, red
white, blue- black and otlujr colors at HO
cents per sheet.
Full line of ledgers, record-books.
ind other blank books, just re-ceired at
Hang your banners on the outer
wall, the cry 'is give me one of (lea W
roinart "s genuine bixpiet special eigars.
15:juets J'lsj)i'i;il." this well
.known brand of cigars. atAdlerV.
KvsTJiKx ()vsTi;i:.--i!eli l(t of
Eastern Oysters per stoanifrNSlder at
Schmeers, 'pienioe(iha-stredri.
Mrs. Arrignni is ftirnishiim good
rooms witJi board at from ?rt to -?7 and
upvianls per week, according to location.
The new an taught and pictures
itiJiiiiff in i no innci nnaiiiiiiiii vivio mkii
, w ' " ": "-" " ,"?'. V il
tauirlit bv Mrs. L.
J. ComstocU. .Seel
sas)i)Ie i the beautiful liR'turts at too
Dee ilive. where on car. learn terms and
ihv time of clashes. Orders taken bv M.
1L Steers.
('hoice new sets of crockery, very
unique and novel; also the self-righting
"spittoon," that always keeps, upright.
iui received ami celling :it i)cices to
in the city are to be found at Pozorth
who also keeps a full stock of fresh veg-1
etaoles constantly on nana at the lowest
prices. Call andle convinced.
You can always get fresh oysters
in every style and at all hours, day or
night, at tin Central Coffee Saloon. Con
comly street, between Penton and La
fayette. Thus. McFarland, jnoprietor.
Vstoria Liquor JStore. II. Marx &
Co., proprietors. Sole agents for Charles
Kebsioek & Co., St. Louis. Mo. Ameri
ca's finest Stonewall whisky. Snow Hill
fire. Cooper whisky. For sale by all gen
eral dealers and saloon keepers. Depot
and lhanch House of Marx t Jorgen
sen, Portland, Oregon. "' '
Dry goods, millinery and notions
cheap for thirty days at the Pee Hive.
The Dance of Life, an answer to
the Dance of Death, at the Circulating
Dr. F. P. Hieks. dentist, rooms in
h Welch's building, on Squemoqha
street, offers bio services to the public of
Peter Puney is still in the market
with nil kinds of 'building materials in
his line. Has lust received loo.onu lath.
i -' bushels of sand, and a large st
iof hr.-t jua nt )f bnckat his warelu
f(K)t of jlin(MM suver.
The "Dance of Life," an answer
to the Dance of Death, by Mrs. .1. M.
Bowers. For sale at the City Book Store.
Board and lodging by the day or
week at ihe Astoria Beer Hall. Main
street, Astoria. Peter Daviscourt, pro
prietor. Single men feel like marrying
when they see the Medallion range at L.
P. Pichm'an it Co's.
...Fresh oysters in every style at
White wire goods in every si vie.
at L. P. Piehman & Cos.
Dr. B. It. Freeland has located per
manently in Astoria for the practice of
dentistry. Office in Sinister s building,
on Cass 'street, next door to The Asto
ni.vN office.
.Photographs! The latest styles
taken at Shoster's new gallery, Cats bt.,
next to the Atormn office.
pi" For clean towels, sharp razors,
nm! (in nfiv cltnvo mi In f-Iil!nsiiin jit. Taw-
kku IIousk Uatiis. Hair cutting, s-hani-
poonmjr, and d'eing.
C-'Little Van has reestablished
hims-eif at the old corner, refreshed by his
late journey to the. Atlantic ttate.-, and
will a. formerly attend to all orders in his
line at general jon.)er.
After this date, coin will be used for
change. and tickets dispensed with; all
drinks and cigars five and ten cents, at
the Chicago House, Main street, Astoria.
Astoria, Oct. :), 1877.
For Glassware, Crockery, Powder and
Shot, Gun "Wads. Percussion Caps. in
fact everything that is useful as well as
ornamental, go to ,1. W. Gearhart, who
sells cheap for cash. Goods delivered
free of charge.
Ship-master's Beading Boom. Mr.
Peter Wilhelm has permanently fitted
up a ship-master's reading room in con
nection with the Gem saloon in Astoriti.
The latest shipping papers aiul, home
ward and outward bound shipphig lists
are. kept on tile. Telegraph ofilee. next;
door. ,
Canary Birds. fox sale t GUU.O;?-pie'i--,
Parker house ba.tfca,
( vm HA
wnri( r
Ill-Treating Indians.
An Instance of the tnefficacy of Prayer.
... . . ,. .... ., , . . . . I
The Biiino.sitlons rrjicllccd The
Oanse of Indian M'nrs Etc.
Correspoiulence to the S. F. Chronicle.
Editor Chronicle Sir: I desire
through your columns to call public
attention to the pitiable and deplora
ble condition of certain Indians on
the coast of Oregon. I have just re
turned from Yaquina bay, and I have
soon from seventy to eighty poor In
dians in a starving condition. The
manner in which this state of affairs
has been brought about is something
that ought to be well ventilated, and
then, if allowed to continue, should
bring the blush of shame whenever
we lay claim to uemg civiuzeu, let
alone a Christian people. These In
dians are principally from what has
been known as the Alsea sub-agency,
situated about twcitty-five miles south
of Yaquina, and a little glance at these
coast agencies is necessary to place the
case in a clear light. About fifteen
years ago, when I first visited this por
tion of Oregon, there were gathered
on the Siletz agency, twenty miles
r , - i ... . .
north of Yaquina, about loOO or 2000
Indians of the various coast tnbes.
were then under the nianage-
ment of Uenj. bimpsou, who was cer
tain iv a very emcient; arent j.ney
had line farms, well fenced, ;tnd good,
comfortable houses. The appropria
tions from government were quite
small, but the agent kept the Indians
at work and they produced more potr
toes, oats, etc, , tluui they required and
had quite a surplus for side. I have
purchased whole cargoes and loaded
vessels with their produce. They were
probably as it was possible to make
them. At the same time the sub
agency at the Alsea contained about
six hundred, who were also well situa
ted with good farms :uid good homes,
and under the management of George
Collins, and subsequently Samuel
Case and "Geo, Litchfield, were kept
employed and contented. But after
the dose of the war the brilliant idea
was conceived of placing the whole
management of Indian affairs into the
hands of the Christian Church. And
we certainly have paid and are still
paying dearly for the experiment. We
have had the Modoc war; we have had
to fight Sitting Bull, and then Joseph,
and there is no telling who it may be
next. It seems as though the govern
ment considered that as soon as the
church took matters in hand and the
spiritual welfare of the Indians was
likely to be well attended to, nothing
more was necessary to be done. And
it would appear as though the church
people took this same view to a great
extent, for when a committee was ex
amining into the condition of the In
dians in Oregon some years since the
editor of a leading religious paper re
marked that "if the spiritual condi
tion of the Indians was good it was
the chief object to be attained." And
so they taught them to pray. They
would not see, or at least would nut
concede, that it was bread the Indians
wanted instead of prayers. Their
stomachs required food instead of their
souls. And it would really be amus
ing, if it were not so serious a case, to
notice to what extent this foolish poli
cy was carried. After Agent Simpson
came Gen. Palmer who was also a good
fanner, and "who started in with a de
termination to
Or as nearly so as possible. He bought
I fanning utensils, horses,
wagons a
threshing machine, etc., and had he
been left alone to carry out his ideas
and reasonable supported by the gov
ernment, he would have made a great
J success. But the appropriations,
sni..ii ml ,..,! .. ns thnv iiaf wn
before, were cut down still lower or
withheld altogether, and it was thought
that Palmer was looking too much .it
the physical and not attending suffici
ently to the spiritual wants of the In
dians, so he was removed and Mr.
Fairchild appointed, lie filled the
bill in the great essential point. He
had prayers early and late. He pravr
ed long and often; but hunger and
poverty were preying too, and the In
dians continued to grow thinner and
weaker, and new-made graves became
plentiful. The houses have been per
mitted to decay and fall to pieces, the
fences have disappeared, and, on the
whole, to look at the agency now and
think what it was fifteen years ago
brings up a very sad comparison. So
much for the Siletz. Let us turn now
to the Alsea and see how even worse
the matter stands. A pressure was
brought within the last ffear to induce
the Alseas to vacate their homes and
remove to the Siletz. Foiee was not
itoe employe but' th.ev cere to e
persuaded and induced by large prom
ises. Thev were told that thev would
be well provided for at the Siletz; that
honsps Avniild br Tvr-finnrftd for them;
I r . .
that they should have farming imple
ments and friends to instruct and as
sist them; and at last, reluctantly and
with many doubts and misgivings, they
abandoned their old homes and took
up their line of march for the Siletz.
It is almost needless to state, as it will
doubtless be anticipated, that
Have been kept. No preparation of
any kinl has been made to provide for
them. White men have quietly mov
ed in and occupy their abandoned
homes; the' cannot return to them,
and so they stray olFand hunt a living
as best they may. And so here at Ya
quina, tis 1 stated in the commence
ment of this article, I find seventy or
eighty of them in n starving condition..
They have nothing to eat except what
little they get out of the Avaer, and
even this they are sometimes deprived
of. A short time since a dead whale
came drifting in near the mouth of the
bay. It was not only dead, but very
dead, judging from the smell of it,
and it would naturally be supposed
that the Indians would be welcome to
this contribution of Providence; but
such was not the case, for although
they had been watching it anxiously
for two days, just as it came rolling
into the surf a white man rushed in
and laid claim to it, and they were
not permitted to enjoy a mouthful of
this delectable food until they paidV
the enterprising white man for it.
North of Yaquina is a small river call
ed the Nestuggah. Here, too, from,
time immemorial, has lived a small
tribe of Indians in a perfectly inde
pendent state, so far as living was
concerned, for their land was richr
and fish abounded on all sides of them;
but the white man looked upon the'r
hind and saw that it was good, and
The government again resorted to'
the policy of great inducements They
were promised farming implements and
a farmer to teach them if they would
remove to another stream. They did
so, and all the farming implements
that were ever sent them consisted of
one old wagon that broke down before
it reached them, and now their condi
tion is about the same as the Alseas.
Now, these are facts that cannot be
gain-said, and is there not an injustice:
her, that calls loudly for a remedy:'
When will the government see the im
portance of taking this matter out of
the hands of those who have shown
such an entire lack of ability to man
age it and place it under the care of
men who have common business ideas
men who will make it a specialty to
look after the natural wants of the In
dian? and are willing to trust to a mer
ciful God the salvation of their souls'
As a simple business proposition, it
will "cost less to provide for them than
it will to fight them. But this is not
the reason why it should be done. It
should be done because it is right and
but simple justice. We take them
from their lands and we make no pro
vision for them, and when at last they
are driven to desperation and do what
almost any other people under heaven
would do under much less provocation,
we kill them. What is strange about;
these Oregon coast Indians is, that
under all these trying circumsfcncjs
The people in this vicinity seldom
charge them with theft. They often
leave their houses unlocked in the.'r
absence, and seldnn if ever find any
thing disturbed by the Indians. This
I consider wonderful, for if ever a peo
ple would be justified in stealing it
would be these. But why test this
quality beyond all rensonaVe limits?
Why wait until at least they, drive n
frantic by hunger, commit some act for
which it will be necessaiy to kill them?
Something should be done and at once.
Winter is coming and they should be
fed . Prayers will not sufii ce them any
longer. Their case is one in which it
may be truly said: "We have asked
for bread and ye have given us a
stone." In conclusion, I would say to
the charitable eople of San Francisco
that I shall return to these people in,
a few days with a vessel, and if any
one should feel disposed to contribute,
a trifle toward their relief I will agree,
to convey and deliver it to, them free
of charge. Any article of food, how-;
ever suiaJl, and any old worn-put cloth
ing hat caii be of no use to you, will
be acceptible to them. Few people
could see them as I have just done
without a feeling of pity. The gov
ernment may finally attend to them,
but it moves slowly and their wants
are pressing. A very little trifle from
each will be a great help to them.
J. J. Winant,
No. 107 California Market,