en NB YoL & Astoria, Oregon, Friday Morning, October 19, 1877. No. 116 A. ISSC33D EVERT 250P.NI2&G, . (Monday Excelled t, Astoria?, Bidldwj Gcur lylr-eeL 4crmsYjt Subscripiia::; . :?irri by Corner, mr r. eek -" Ccotc fet by mail, four months SJ W SojK. by mail, cue year 'J 'Jv Free of l'ostuge to rSubscribcrs. iW AdrcrtipuiGnls inserted by the year at Clse rati- of 51 "' per pirnc per mouth. Trsinient:idTerti-in!r, lv the day vr vrook, fifty fciit-J er ?:vure for eiidi iordiiwt. To City Subscribers. There are sueh fre iiiosit chanjres tn the resi dence f our city pai-join ibaf we s-iiuJl feed .lifisud to :my who iiuilve ;jc1i ciianpe if tJiey will rciK.Tt the same U) ihs office. Ulhe: wie nvc -JialJ not he rei eligible Pr failme of the cuirier Jo deliver the ii;'er HOi.iii.ly aikl vesultnly U tjieui iOCAIijJOTTINGS. Wheat has advanced to 1.05 jor 3ushcl in Eugene. No more Chinese will be empJoy,ed n public work Lu Portland. Berrah Urowa i aceusod of forging J fr.says the Waliu, Walla Statesman, had I been kicked oiitoX.the clerk's office on ae- Petition of Jas. W. Welch executor -ou ni of iiieonipefe-ney. and linue the of the estate of James Welch, de aittempt to vrong the wan who iiad be- ' ceased, for permission to construct a .friended luiu. J.udasliad the decency to ' wharf on ortions of blocks 120 and Jiang himself. The .ScaUl'i Jndas lacks , 1-j w:is referred to the committee on :11ns si:: of propriety. wharves and water frontage. j m jiir.ai khiuoii i.i nv: iajr .u . at tlle mov of Squemocqlia and La- H the limes, at i. W. I'ase's. ()lyjnpia was th" presentation of a pair ! fayette sheets; IMain and Chenamus ....Uoard and lodging can be had at 4f gold bracelets. YAltied at 2r, to the aMd Coui-t and Olncy streets, was re- -""son's at reasonable rates, diandsomest youn ladv, and a ten cent ,.'A iA uln.Ml rm fib The best eookinir annles aixl nears snirrwr to ihe homeliest man. On ln- f.layevening the vote was counted and tmtor of the estate of Geo- W. Yar MissStelhi (iallihor, who is engrossing ren deceased, for arx.es ernneously c-Ierk 1st the House, carried oiT the prize, j paid, was referred to t&e committee on The mirror was presented to Mr. S. C , ways ;md means. "Woodruff. Cominunication of Cant. J. H. J). -We congratulate our friendDr.Pfun-! Gra ' enjner of the lire de aler on the advent of an heir The lament was referrco I to the commit lieesavs: "The wee stranger brought fee on streets and public ways, relat- ,....,, . ? . .. , mg to streets, iintoht joy to the )icwly-made father and ?Wie co:m,littee 011 w .a allll mcaKS iiioHicr. Ihe boy weighs 170 ounces, reiK)rtcdrtl the dty t,, wport avoirdupois, and is a bouncer. The ulul the latter document wtis placed on iiiouicr :uji muv are uuusiiHiiy'-'weii, oul it is not known that the father will cover from the shock sustained.' re- Indian Affau:s. Our acquaintance with Capt. Winant. 307 California mar- ket, leads us to indorse Jus remarks upun Indian affairs, winch appear in another i column. ""- Lai;oiiWoi:li. The Astomn branch of the National labor world received its charter from Chicago on the 17tli. wliieh ' .... . , ; ,, .... will be presented at the next meeting at the court-house in this citv on Satunlav evening. A Slight Coui:i:ction. Yesterday an item appeared in this paper respect ing a valuable cow owned by Mr. Callou ladder truck for Alert Co. So. 1, pn -of this city, which contained several in- i viding for procuring the same on ac accuracies. Corrected the item reads as ' count of the " general fund. There follows: i P01"fc was accepted and the Recorder A Pjiofitarlk Cow. Mr. Oallou of wus instructed to notify the chief cn this city has a lull blooded durham cow gineer with respect to the action of the .that proves that "blood will tell" when . council. one goes to purchase stock. Besides j -Rcl)ort 0f S. G. Ingalls, Supcrin fiirnishinginilk lor his own table since . i . r ,i ... f i i ,wi the ir.th day of last Mav Mr. Oallott has ! tendciit of streets, was accepted and sold 774 ga'lons of milk at 10 cents jer i quart, ainountingto;a) GO: and has sold the call for Sl." to Ca)t. 11. A. Snow, which, added to the sales of milk makes 3424 GOfor the period of five mouths, ei)d-! ing October 1.1, 1877. 1 . - r J Tongue Point A friend yesterday j a isited and found the work aiuj improve- j ments progressing raj.idlv at Tongue' Point. Taking advantage of the remit ' , ,, , - , . i . . ll ordinance making appropriation edthe work forward, using a large num- r .,, r ,- r11 l Cr . , . , , m7 i ?i , from special tax fund for pay of fire ber of extra workmen skilled m the bus- t etc d mess. Masons have commenced laying , Au ordillance naking appropriation the brick foundation tor the dwelling for deficiency of pay of police passed, house which will contain 7 rooms and be An ordinance making appropriation two stories high. The pile driving is from general fund passed second read finished with the exception of a few fen-, inr. der piles. The roadway of this dock is j An ordinance making appropriation L'GO f eet i n length b j 20 feet iu width, the of $200 for expenses of fire depart- niain dock being ir0 feet long and ;;o feet wide. About ;0 men are employed at present. Mr. Woodward, the land lord for the majority of those employed, j has ample accommodations and sets an excellent table, and we should infer from what we heard that the boys passed happy evenings, singing, etc. si -Mph;iTits wishinor the popular t r.h,..k ran nurchiie them n't Til k tried the yum win ever nimuuuu u. . ... . -ii i .1 :. ti ftvea book keening guves Jos-s, to. both customer and merchant, obviates any dis mt.f cluing, nnd in iauv ways nnikes It A most desirable mode p f transacting a credit buaiuea;. ?ry it;. . SCZSSGRZSTJTTUM& "There isn't a Tegetable,'" says iie Worcester Press, ""that can ketchup) with the tomato." Usury has boon the cause of danu. ing more souls thau all other causes combined since Adam s:nv the 1'gbt of lay in the garden of .Eden. We will not ask for usury laws if the laws fr the collection of debts are Annulled. People will then trust only where there ;s perfect -security.. The railroads axe not a tenth iart as much to blame for the hard limes. dej session of business, strikes, mobs and depression of property as ai-e Ihe Wall lrcet syndicate national bank rnjg. Jt kaCttle singular how much valuable time a woman will take up in studying the postmark of a letter to see where it -comes from, when she can open ihe letter and ibid out at auue. Common Council. The regular .meeting of the common jcoimeil waa helvl at the council chani- ,er Wednesday evening at 8 o'clock. Oonnciliucii present, Messit. j-errell, si- . -m v - ; Flavd, Warren and Pae. l'etition or various citizens ior lamps Petition nf Olms. .Stevens, adminis jjjc The cojnmittee on health .and police reported verbally with respect to the new city buihtinir, that they had coi - tractcd with Messrs. Bain & Fcrgus i for construction of the building, etc, but asked for further time to make final report, which was granted, The committee on street and public ways reported on petitions for street fcunns, authorizing the construction of certain lamps, designating that the same be done by authority of the com- wi ..,,. rpu , ,. . nnttee on ways and means, ihe re- port was received and referred to the committee on Avays and means for fur ther action. The committe on fire and water re ported on the matter of a hook and jdaced on file. ORDINANCES. All ordinance relating to the Jefier- son :ilid 01ey streets fund P;issea the second reading. An ordinances in relation to the fun(1 of -Lafayette street passed the socond reading. An ordinance malniig appropriation Jroi? ticSeral fl,?d to sliecial tax incut, passed. WARRANTS Wan-ants were ordered in payment of claims against the city as follews: Astorian Silo" 00 Masonic Land and Building As sociation 10 00 O.F.Bell 24 7r W. II. Davidson 40 oo ! 1 1. Gcarhart 150 00 ! Jit Hume. ITiO ) er t?. ra if x". a- unco .... A 00 , Cr S1vens & on . . . ; .TY,F.Miulge 300 00 .). C. Trullmger 40J 4) Parker Ilouse ."..'...' 11 50 . D,, In,gntls.. . . . '. '.'.','.'. 1 !"!!'!! .. '. ...V. 12.) GO if-fe.. QrantJ.;... .....; :x;.7.'.... 'W The Auditor was instructed to issue warrants iu favor of jST. Clinton for street work, upon the filing of con tracts as required hj the charter. Qu motien council adjourned at 8:45. CITY ITEMS. TjfflAmook canned clams for sale atE.sri-aiei; fjL. r. Am in rn want oi minding interims f un v's wharf, iluriiighis absence. tine same by applying to T. S. .1 r A. Wing. ..Gc Louisiana Bail - dozers .live shooters), at Adler's. Papctcries. the fine-i si lock in the .ity. jusi reeieo at Aoiers. L.ju: Takj: Notjok. .Inst receiv ed at Adit's. jierforaUyJ card board, red white, blue- black and otlujr colors at HO cents per sheet. Full line of ledgers, record-books. ind other blank books, just re-ceired at Adler's. Hang your banners on the outer wall, the cry 'is give me one of (lea W roinart "s genuine bixpiet special eigars. 15:juets J'lsj)i'i;il." this well .known brand of cigars. atAdlerV. KvsTJiKx ()vsTi;i:.--i!eli l(t of Eastern Oysters per stoanifrNSlder at Schmeers, 'pienioe(iha-stredri. Mrs. Arrignni is ftirnishiim good rooms witJi board at from ?rt to -?7 and upvianls per week, according to location. The new an taught and pictures itiJiiiiff in i no innci nnaiiiiiiiii vivio mkii , w ' " ": "-" " ,"?'. V il tauirlit bv Mrs. L. J. ComstocU. .Seel sas)i)Ie i the beautiful liR'turts at too Dee ilive. where on car. learn terms and ihv time of clashes. Orders taken bv M. 1L Steers. ('hoice new sets of crockery, very unique and novel; also the self-righting "spittoon," that always keeps, upright. iui received ami celling :it i)cices to in the city are to be found at Pozorth who also keeps a full stock of fresh veg-1 etaoles constantly on nana at the lowest prices. Call andle convinced. You can always get fresh oysters in every style and at all hours, day or night, at tin Central Coffee Saloon. Con comly street, between Penton and La fayette. Thus. McFarland, jnoprietor. Vstoria Liquor JStore. II. Marx & Co., proprietors. Sole agents for Charles Kebsioek & Co., St. Louis. Mo. Ameri ca's finest Stonewall whisky. Snow Hill fire. Cooper whisky. For sale by all gen eral dealers and saloon keepers. Depot and lhanch House of Marx t Jorgen sen, Portland, Oregon. "' ' Dry goods, millinery and notions cheap for thirty days at the Pee Hive. The Dance of Life, an answer to the Dance of Death, at the Circulating Library. Dr. F. P. Hieks. dentist, rooms in h Welch's building, on Squemoqha street, offers bio services to the public of Astoria. Peter Puney is still in the market with nil kinds of 'building materials in his line. Has lust received loo.onu lath. i -' bushels of sand, and a large st iof hr.-t jua nt )f bnckat his warelu f(K)t of jlin(MM suver. stock use The "Dance of Life," an answer to the Dance of Death, by Mrs. .1. M. Bowers. For sale at the City Book Store. Board and lodging by the day or week at ihe Astoria Beer Hall. Main street, Astoria. Peter Daviscourt, pro prietor. Single men feel like marrying when they see the Medallion range at L. P. Pichm'an it Co's. ...Fresh oysters in every style at Schmeer's. White wire goods in every si vie. at L. P. Piehman & Cos. Dr. B. It. Freeland has located per manently in Astoria for the practice of dentistry. Office in Sinister s building, on Cass 'street, next door to The Asto ni.vN office. .Photographs! The latest styles taken at Shoster's new gallery, Cats bt., next to the Atormn office. pi" For clean towels, sharp razors, nm! (in nfiv cltnvo mi In f-Iil!nsiiin jit. Taw- kku IIousk Uatiis. Hair cutting, s-hani- poonmjr, and d'eing. C-'Little Van has reestablished hims-eif at the old corner, refreshed by his late journey to the. Atlantic ttate.-, and will a. formerly attend to all orders in his line at general jon.)er. ANOTHER VICTORY GAIXED IX FA VOR OF SPECIE PAYMENTS. After this date, coin will be used for change. and tickets dispensed with; all drinks and cigars five and ten cents, at the Chicago House, Main street, Astoria. X. WE1MAX. Astoria, Oct. :), 1877. SOMETHING NEW For Glassware, Crockery, Powder and Shot, Gun "Wads. Percussion Caps. in fact everything that is useful as well as ornamental, go to ,1. W. Gearhart, who sells cheap for cash. Goods delivered free of charge. Ship-master's Beading Boom. Mr. Peter Wilhelm has permanently fitted up a ship-master's reading room in con nection with the Gem saloon in Astoriti. The latest shipping papers aiul, home ward and outward bound shipphig lists are. kept on tile. Telegraph ofilee. next; door. , Canary Birds. fox sale t GUU.O;?-pie'i--, Parker house ba.tfca, lUTSl ( vm HA vAV wnri( r Ill-Treating Indians. An Instance of the tnefficacy of Prayer. ... . . ,. .... ., , . . . . I The Biiino.sitlons rrjicllccd The Oanse of Indian M'nrs Etc. Correspoiulence to the S. F. Chronicle. Editor Chronicle Sir: I desire through your columns to call public attention to the pitiable and deplora ble condition of certain Indians on the coast of Oregon. I have just re turned from Yaquina bay, and I have soon from seventy to eighty poor In dians in a starving condition. The manner in which this state of affairs has been brought about is something that ought to be well ventilated, and then, if allowed to continue, should bring the blush of shame whenever we lay claim to uemg civiuzeu, let alone a Christian people. These In dians are principally from what has been known as the Alsea sub-agency, situated about twcitty-five miles south of Yaquina, and a little glance at these coast agencies is necessary to place the case in a clear light. About fifteen years ago, when I first visited this por tion of Oregon, there were gathered on the Siletz agency, twenty miles r , - i ... . . north of Yaquina, about loOO or 2000 Indians of the various coast tnbes. Thev were then under the nianage- ment of Uenj. bimpsou, who was cer tain iv a very emcient; arent j.ney had line farms, well fenced, ;tnd good, comfortable houses. The appropria tions from government were quite small, but the agent kept the Indians at work and they produced more potr toes, oats, etc, , tluui they required and had quite a surplus for side. I have purchased whole cargoes and loaded vessels with their produce. They were as COMFORTABLE AND CONTENTED probably as it was possible to make them. At the same time the sub agency at the Alsea contained about six hundred, who were also well situa ted with good farms :uid good homes, and under the management of George Collins, and subsequently Samuel Case and "Geo, Litchfield, were kept employed and contented. But after the dose of the war the brilliant idea was conceived of placing the whole management of Indian affairs into the hands of the Christian Church. And we certainly have paid and are still paying dearly for the experiment. We have had the Modoc war; we have had to fight Sitting Bull, and then Joseph, and there is no telling who it may be next. It seems as though the govern ment considered that as soon as the church took matters in hand and the spiritual welfare of the Indians was likely to be well attended to, nothing more was necessary to be done. And it would appear as though the church people took this same view to a great extent, for when a committee was ex amining into the condition of the In dians in Oregon some years since the editor of a leading religious paper re marked that "if the spiritual condi tion of the Indians was good it was the chief object to be attained." And so they taught them to pray. They would not see, or at least would nut concede, that it was bread the Indians wanted instead of prayers. Their stomachs required food instead of their souls. And it would really be amus ing, if it were not so serious a case, to notice to what extent this foolish poli cy was carried. After Agent Simpson came Gen. Palmer who was also a good fanner, and "who started in with a de termination to MAKE THE AGENCY SELF-SUPPORTING, Or as nearly so as possible. He bought I fanning utensils, horses, wagons a threshing machine, etc., and had he been left alone to carry out his ideas and reasonable supported by the gov ernment, he would have made a great J success. But the appropriations, sni..ii ml ,..,! .. ns thnv iiaf wn before, were cut down still lower or withheld altogether, and it was thought that Palmer was looking too much .it the physical and not attending suffici ently to the spiritual wants of the In dians, so he was removed and Mr. Fairchild appointed, lie filled the bill in the great essential point. He had prayers early and late. He pravr ed long and often; but hunger and poverty were preying too, and the In dians continued to grow thinner and weaker, and new-made graves became plentiful. The houses have been per mitted to decay and fall to pieces, the fences have disappeared, and, on the whole, to look at the agency now and think what it was fifteen years ago brings up a very sad comparison. So much for the Siletz. Let us turn now to the Alsea and see how even worse the matter stands. A pressure was brought within the last ffear to induce the Alseas to vacate their homes and remove to the Siletz. Foiee was not itoe employe but' th.ev cere to e persuaded and induced by large prom ises. Thev were told that thev would be well provided for at the Siletz; that honsps Avniild br Tvr-finnrftd for them; I r . . that they should have farming imple ments and friends to instruct and as sist them; and at last, reluctantly and with many doubts and misgivings, they abandoned their old homes and took up their line of march for the Siletz. It is almost needless to state, as it will doubtless be anticipated, that NONE OE THE PROMISES MADE TO THEM Have been kept. No preparation of any kinl has been made to provide for them. White men have quietly mov ed in and occupy their abandoned homes; the' cannot return to them, and so they stray olFand hunt a living as best they may. And so here at Ya quina, tis 1 stated in the commence ment of this article, I find seventy or eighty of them in n starving condition.. They have nothing to eat except what little they get out of the Avaer, and even this they are sometimes deprived of. A short time since a dead whale came drifting in near the mouth of the bay. It was not only dead, but very dead, judging from the smell of it, and it would naturally be supposed that the Indians would be welcome to this contribution of Providence; but such was not the case, for although they had been watching it anxiously for two days, just as it came rolling into the surf a white man rushed in and laid claim to it, and they were not permitted to enjoy a mouthful of this delectable food until they paidV the enterprising white man for it. North of Yaquina is a small river call ed the Nestuggah. Here, too, from, time immemorial, has lived a small tribe of Indians in a perfectly inde pendent state, so far as living was concerned, for their land was richr and fish abounded on all sides of them; but the white man looked upon the'r hind and saw that it was good, and forthwith CLAMORED FOR THEIR REMOVAL. The government again resorted to' the policy of great inducements They were promised farming implements and a farmer to teach them if they would remove to another stream. They did so, and all the farming implements that were ever sent them consisted of one old wagon that broke down before it reached them, and now their condi tion is about the same as the Alseas. Now, these are facts that cannot be gain-said, and is there not an injustice: her, that calls loudly for a remedy:' When will the government see the im portance of taking this matter out of the hands of those who have shown such an entire lack of ability to man age it and place it under the care of men who have common business ideas men who will make it a specialty to look after the natural wants of the In dian? and are willing to trust to a mer ciful God the salvation of their souls' As a simple business proposition, it will "cost less to provide for them than it will to fight them. But this is not the reason why it should be done. It should be done because it is right and but simple justice. We take them from their lands and we make no pro vision for them, and when at last they are driven to desperation and do what almost any other people under heaven would do under much less provocation, we kill them. What is strange about; these Oregon coast Indians is, that under all these trying circumsfcncjs THEY REMAIN HON! ST. The people in this vicinity seldom charge them with theft. They often leave their houses unlocked in the.'r absence, and seldnn if ever find any thing disturbed by the Indians. This I consider wonderful, for if ever a peo ple would be justified in stealing it would be these. But why test this quality beyond all rensonaVe limits? Why wait until at least they, drive n frantic by hunger, commit some act for which it will be necessaiy to kill them? Something should be done and at once. Winter is coming and they should be fed . Prayers will not sufii ce them any longer. Their case is one in which it may be truly said: "We have asked for bread and ye have given us a stone." In conclusion, I would say to the charitable eople of San Francisco that I shall return to these people in, a few days with a vessel, and if any one should feel disposed to contribute, a trifle toward their relief I will agree, to convey and deliver it to, them free of charge. Any article of food, how-; ever suiaJl, and any old worn-put cloth ing hat caii be of no use to you, will be acceptible to them. Few people could see them as I have just done without a feeling of pity. The gov ernment may finally attend to them, but it moves slowly and their wants are pressing. A very little trifle from each will be a great help to them. J. J. Winant, No. 107 California Market, ?