The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883, October 14, 1877, Image 6

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Don't Take it to Heart.
There's many a trouble
Would break like a bubble,
And into the waters of lethe .depart,
Did we not rehearse it,
And tenderly nurse it,
And give it a permanent place in the heart.
There's manv a sorrow
"Would vanish to-morrow,
Were we but willing to furnish the wins;
So sadly intruding,
And quietly brooding,
It hatches out all sorts of horrible things.
How welcome the seeming,
Of looks that are bearniug,
Whether one's wealthy or whether one's
Eyes bright as a berry,
Checks red as a cherry,
The groan, and the curse, and the heartache
on cure.
Resolved to be merry,
All worry to ferry
vcros3 the fumed waters that bid us forget,
And no longer fearful,
But happ3 and cheerful,
We feel life has much that's worth living for
Oeortjiana C. Clark.
Chad and Setli.
Ohad and Seth were great cronies,
though Chad's father wa9 a lawyer, and
.Seth's was a blacksmith. But, then, the
one was a very good blacksmith, and the
other a very poor lawyer, and this lessened
the social gup.
There was an opinion
floating about
the village, that Chad and Seth were bad ,
boys. But the evidence lor this was very
intangible. People
to pronounce them
were ready enough
pair of precious
young rascals,-' but when a man was
asked for an instance of their rascality, ;
lie could assert nothiugmore definite than
that they were always up to home mis
chief. !
The truth of the flatter was that Chad
find Seth were two young democrats, full
to the brim of life and spirit, who liked
fun better than anything else. Indeed,
they considered fun the chief end of
boys. They sometimes pursued it thought
lessly, perhaps recklessly, aud often vio
lated the properties in its pursuit. But
there was nothing mean about these two
boys. To use Chad's favorite word, they
were not sneaks. They wrere fair on the
play-giound, often generous, and, Seth es
pecially, had a soit spot under his sooty
Jacket. He was tender with all the weak.
Little boys and "them girls" knew very
well their knight.
Chad and Seth were near the same age
just turned thirteen.
The worst thing I knew about Seth
was that he didn't keep his bauds and
face clean. As for Chad, the greatest
fault I found with him was that he per
sisted in his companionship with Seth,
when he knew that his mother would
have preferred him to look higher for a
His mother had raised no serious ob
jection to the association, but Chad knew
her preferences, and should have respected
them. But Seth had a great fascination
for Chad. He was a more important fac
tor in Chad's enjoyment than all the
other boys in the village combined.
"But his father's a blacksmith," Chad's
mother said one day.
"How can Seth help what his father is?"
Chad asked warmly. "If we boys hail
the bossing of our fathers, Seth might
have had his a lawyer, and I'd had mine
a blacksmith. I'd rather be a blacksmith
any day than a lawyer. A lawyer don't
do anything that I know of except to
read old papers, and then go to the court
room and speak his piece. 1 hate to read
writing, and I don't like, to speak pieces,
any way, if there are girls. But a black
smith's work's jolly blowing his big
bellows till the forge is red and splendid.
1 love to see the red-hpt irons, and to hear
the hammer ring on the anvil, and to see
the sparks fly, and the strong iron bend
just the way it's wanted to. It's better 'n
fire-crackers and rockets; makes a fellow
feel like giving three cheers and a tiger.
And a blacksmith works with horses.
My sakes! I just wish I could be a
blacksmith. Say, may I go, mother?"
Chad was teasing to go and play with
"Why, Chad, I should think you'd feel
mortified to be seen with Seth. His
clothes are dirty and sometimes ragged,"
the mother said.
"I ain't goin' back on Seth for that,"
said Chad, stoutly. "He can't help it.
His mother's the one to haul over the
coals for that. Any way, I'd like to wear
dirty clothfs myself sometimes, 'stead of
being kept' all the time starched and
ironed. I could play lots better in old
clothes. Tou ought to see Seth play ; he
just pitches in, r.umblety-tumblety. He
can turn the jolliest somersaults that ever
I saw. I've seen him turn 'em, one after
another, all the wTay from the top to the
bottom of that big red sand-hill don't
you know? by Squire Bowers's. Tell
me, mother, if I may go."
"I'm afraid Seth's a bad boy; people
say he is."
"He ain't bad," said Chad, warmly.
"He ain't any sneak. Folks think if a
fellow don't stay in the house and read
all the time, he's bad. Seth ain't any of
your sickly kind. He's the jolliest boy
in this town, and. I can't have any fun
without Seth. That's all there is about
it. There isn't another boy to play with.
Now !"
"There's Frank Finley," the mother
"Frank Finley !" exclaimed Chad, with
a tone of contempt. "Why, mother, he's
the spooniest, the dumbest, the finnikiest,
the chickenest milksop that ever I saw.
He parts his hair in the middle, and wears
curls stringing down his back. All the
fellows call him Fanny, all except" and
Chad's cheeks flushed and his eyes bright
ened with the triumphant vindication of
his friend, "all except Beth, mother;
Seth never calls him names; he always
stands up for Frank. He takes Frank in
his lap on the sled, just like a baby, to
keep him from tumbling off. And Seth's
the best skater on the pond ; but he often
loses the race, when we boys race, because
he's got Frank Finley, tugging him along.
And Seth always chooses Frank on his
side in toss-up, 'cause the other fellow
won't have him. I tell you, Seth's a high
old trump. Mayn't I go, mother?"
"Yes, I suppose so; but I dou't see
why boys have to catch all the slang
that's floating around," said the mother.
But Chad did not hear the remark.
With the first word of his mother's reply,
he had rushed for the street, slamming
and banking the doors after him. Sarah
Winter Kellogg, St. Nicholas for October.
The Hayes Family.
The visit of President Haye9 to Brat
tleboro and Newlane has revived deep in
terest in every object and locality in the re
motest degree associated with the families
of Birchardand Hayes. Intheneighboring
town of DummerstOQ, upon a plateau
which commands a charming viewT of the
fertile valley, are several interesting
mementos of the family. On the south
side of the common, connected with a
large wooden structure of modern con
struction, stands the little store in which
Rutherford Hayes, father of the Presi
dent, first embarked in business 'as a
member of the firm of Noyes, Mann &
Haves. The partners came from
wfc Brattleboro, and set up a country
. , ., kn ' rtT,Qq An i,c;
siuib) nuut nit ijum.iuui,u i.u
do bust
ncss for several years. The firm- wTas dis
solved, and John Noyes and Rutherford
Hayes united their fortunes and opened
a store in a large, two-story building,
painted red, which still stands on the
east side of the green, and is now oc
cupied by a venerable cordwaiuer and his
family. A part of the second story was
fitted up as a ball-room, and there, in the
olden time, the rustic belles and beaux
were wont to trip the light fantastic toe
to the music of the violin. The ceiling,
from which great patches have fallen, is
arched, and along the sides of the hall
are permanent slats, innocent of paint,
which have grown brown with age. The
place is destitute of ornament or furni
ture, and contains a spinning-wTheel and
several old chests and trunks.
In this building Mr. Hayes carried on
business between the years 1812 and
1817. His wife, the mother of the Presi
dent, lived a part of the time in a house
standing adjacent to the little old store
which was built by her husband, aud
there were born a daughter and a son.
The latter was drowned while skating on
the Ohio river a few years after the
family emigrated to Ohio. The house is
now owned and occupied by Mrs. Asa
Knight, whose son, John Knight, Esq.,
of Des Moines, Iowa, is now on a visit to
his venerable mother. The kitchen and
porch of thi9 house were built by Mr.
Hayes, and are still standing in a good
degree of preservation. On the road
from Brattleboro to Dummerston stood,
a few years ago, the store of Richard
Birchard, an uncle of the President,
which was destroyed by fire, and the
owner perisheu in the flames.
Notwithstanding the visit of the Presi
dent to the village of Fayetteville last
Friday was unexpected by the commu
nity generally, still a considerable num
ber greeted him upon his arrival, and as
sembled at the residence of Austin Birch
ard, where they were presented to the
distinguished visitor. A cordial welcome
was accorded the family by their vener-r
able relative, and several hours were
spent in the revival of memories pleasant
and sad, and congratulations upon the
high honors conferred upon the favorite
nephew,and the grand old age of the uncle.
Mr. Birchard, who is now in the eighty-fourth
year of his age, has been a mer
chant in Fayetteville many years, and
has been one of the most public spirited
and useful citizens of the country and
State, occupying various public offices
Senator, Councilor, and Presidential
Elector. He is a man of sterling integ
rity and highly respected by all classes.
Mr. Birchard and Mrs. Bigelow are .the
only relatives of the President living in
Vermont, from whence his father moved
some six years before Rutherford, as the
citizens familiarly call him, was born.
His grandfather settled in West Brattle
boro, where he built a large square house,
which is now occupied by Mrs. Bige
low. Rutland (Vt.) Herald.
Colonial Relics. There lies in the
Stone River, near Church Flat, four
stone anchors, which are supposed to
have been cast there when the British
first landed on Carolina soil. These four
stone anchors are square, and weigh
about five hundred pounds each. An
iron is run through the stone and riveted
at the bottom, and at the top are fastened
iron rings for the purpose of making
them fast to a vessel. On the stones are
cut the coat-of-arms of great Britain.
Those four stones are separated from each
other not more than twenty-five feet. A
gentleman from this city came across
them the other day, and made an effort to
raise one, but without effect, as it was too
deeply imbedded in mud.
" Oysters unwholesome," said he,
with a contemptuous sniff. " 1 ain't got
any patience with these new-fangled
ideas. Oysters can't hurt nobody. Why,
I give urn to my grandfather, old man of
ninety, sir, give him a dozen raw oysters
they wasn't particularly fresh, either
give um to him a half an hour before he
died 'n' they didn't do him no harm.
Oysters, sir, is wholesome."
The Anthor of "Paul and- Virginia."
I suppose that this author gave a reat
deal more of study and care to his book
on nature than he did to the little story
of "Paul and Virginia." Yet it was this
last which was published some two
years or more before the capture of the
Bastille which gave him his great fame.
Where there was one reader for his
other books, there were twenty readers
for "Paul and Virginia." In those
fierce days when the Revolution was
ripening, and a gigantic system of lord
ly privileges was breaking up and con
suming away like straw in fire this
little tender, simple story, with its gushes
of sentiment and its warm, tropical at
mosphere, was being thumbed in porter's
lodges, and was read in wine shops and
hidden under children's pillows, and was
sought after by noble women and wom
en who were not noble and by priests
who slipped it into their pockets with
their books of prayer. Eren the hard,
flinty-faced young officer of artillery, Na
poleon Bonaparte, had read it with de
light, and in after years greeted the au
thor with the imperial demand "When,
M. St. Pierre, will you give us another
'Paul and Virginia?' "
Do you not wonder, as you read it,
that so simple and slender a tale could
take any hold upon people who were en
gulfed in the terrors of that mad revolu
tion? Why was it?
Partly, I think, because the dainty and
tender tone of the story-teller offered such
strange contrast to the fierce wrangle of
daily talk; partly also because, in the
breaking down of all the old society laws
and habits of living in France,it'was a re
lief to catch a sweet glimpse of the pro
gress of an innocent life and innocent
love albeit of children under purely
natural influences.
It is worth your reading, were it only
that you may sec what tender and exag
gerated sentiment was relished by this
strange people at a time when they were
cutting off heads in the public square by
It is specially worth reading in its
French dress, for its choice, and simple,
aud linipid language. St. Nicholas.
Safety Matches."
A gentleman who had been employed
in the manufacture of safety matches ex
pressed it as his opinion that they are the
most dangerous matches made. For, in
the majority of cases, when a match is
struck, some of the phosphorus on the
box flies off, and, being highly inflam
mable, if it meets with any combustible
substance, it always gives rise to a dan
gerous fire. If lighted where the phos
phorus can fall on the carpet, the result
is the same as though the carpet was ex
nosed to the SDarks of a fire. There is
also a certain degree of temptation
offered to those who manufacture these
matches. -This consists in putting a
small quantity of phosphorus into the
heads to make them ignite more easily
when brought in contact with the phos
phorus on the box. This fraud has ac
tually been carried into effect in Northern
Germany, and although nothing of the
kind has been discovered in this country,
the fact that it may be will probably in
crease their unpopularity. The safety
match has certainly had time to win its
"tray, as an old variety of it existed in
Switzerland at a period when other parts
of the world were still occupied with the
flint and steel. It has been claimed for
these matches that they are better able
to resist moisture than other varieties.
The reason, however, is not apparent, as
the heads are composed of salts, which
are affected by water in the manner of all
saline substances. It may be stated as a
general rule that those matches are safest
which require considerable friction for ig
nition and which, when lighted, furnish
merely heat enough to kindle the splints.
The safest, probably, are those in which
a considerable part of the compound is
formed of sulphur, as it requires more
than usual friction to light them. They
are also a quiet match, and in lighting do
not scatter any part ot the head aoout.
But they kindle slowly, and the sul
phurous fumes always render them ob
jectionable. They can also be lighted so
conveniently rubbing them on the wall
that a great temptation is held out to ser
vants tp disfigure the appearance of a
room in this way. Popular Science
The Great Wall op China. Kalgan
commands one of the passes through the
great wall of China. It is there built
of large stones cemented together with
mortar. It tapers .toward the top, being
twenty-one feet high and twenty-eight
feet wide at the foundation. At the
most important points, less than a mile
apart, square towers are erected, built of
bricks. It winds over the crest of the
mountains, crossing the valley at right
angles, and blocking them with fortifica
tions. The Chinese estimate its length to
be about eighty-three hundred miles;
but in parts more remote from Peking
the wall is of very inferior construction.
There is nothing but a dilapidated mud
rampart, as Col. Prejevalskr saw it on
the borders of Alr-shan and Kansu. It is
said to have been built upward of two
centuries before Christ, to protect the
empire against the inroads of the neigh
boring nomads; but the periodical erup
tions of the barbarians were never checked
by the artificial barrier.
A good character is in ail cases the
fruit of personal exertion. It is not
created by external advantages; is no
necessary appendage to birth, wealth,
talents or station; but it is the result of
one's own endeavors, the fruit and reward
of good principles manifested in a course
of virtuous and honorable actions.
Cucumber Pickles.
The pickles or small cucumbers should
be carefully assorted as they come from
the field, and all large ones salted by
themselves or thrown away. The large
ones need more salt; are harder to keep
and to prepare for sale, and sell for much
less. A cucumber that begins to grow
yellow, oris too large to count 100 to the
bushel, should not be salted at all. The
medium sized ones, counting about 300
to the bushel, are the sizes mostly wanted.
As soon as assorted, they should be placed
in empty beef barrels or molasses hogs
heads and covered with brine; the brine
is made strong enough to float a potato,
and the pickles are kept under by a head
fitting the barrel loosely, and loaded with
one or two stones of about 20 pounds
weight each for a hogshead. The brine
soon becomes weak by absorbing the
fresh juice of the pickles, and will need
to be drawn off and poured on again in
order to thoroughly mix the stronger
brine at the bottom of the package with
the portion at the top, which is weaker.
This should be repeated two or "three
times at intervals of two or three days,
and if the brine is on large pickles a few
handfuls of salt added each time. If
carefully kept under the brine and the
surface of the brine kept equally mixed
with what is below, there will be no
trouble in keeping them.
They are taken out of the brine several
days before wanted for sale, and placed
in fresh, cold water,, which must be
changed as often as convenient say two
or three times a day and after four or
five days they will be fresh enough to
receive the vinegar. The strongest of
white wine (whisky) vinegar is used, and
allspice and pepper added to taste. There
is no need of scalding either the pickles
or vinegar; if the latter is strong enough
they will keep. Cider vinegar is of un
certain strength, and is often too weak
to keep pickles after warm weather be
gins. If the vinegar is not strong enough,
scalding will do no good. Pickles thus
prepared are known as English pickles,
and have a dull yellowish-brown color,
imparted by the brine. The bright green
color often seen in the pickles in market
is imparted by scalding them, when taken
out of the brine, in a copper kettle; they
absorb enough verdigris from the kettle
to give them the desired color, and yet
so little that copper poisoning frem: eat
ing pickles is a thing unknown. Still it
is one of the signs of increasing knowl
edge of what is done in preparing our
food, and of care in rejecting anything
suspicious, that the green pickle, so uni
versally used a few years since, is fast
becoming unpopular, and giving place to
the English pickle, prepared without
copper. Peppers, beans, cauliflowers,
unripe melons, and martynias are pre
pared in the same way as cucumbers.
Country Gentleman.
To Girls. "Be cheerful, but not gig
glers; be serious, but not dull ; be com
municative, but not forward ; be kind,
but not servile. Beware of silly, thought
less speeches; although you may forget
them, others will not. Remember God's
eye is in every company. Beware of
levity and familiarity with young men, a
modest reserve, without affection, is the
only safe path. Court and encourage con
versation with those who are truly serious
and conversable; do not go into valuable
company without endeavoring to improve
by the intercourse permitted to. Nothing
is more unbecoming when one part of a
company is engaged in profitable conver
sation, than that another part should be
trifling, giggling, and talking compara
tive nonsense to each other.
Ripe Tojtato Preserves. If red pre
serves are desired, choose small, red,
plum-shaped tomatoes; for yellow pre
serves, the round yellow or egg tomatoes;
scald with boiling water to take the skins
off. Put five pounds of the tomatoes with
four pounds of sugar, and let them stand
one night. In the morning drain off the
syrup and boil it, skimming carefully.
Put in the tomatoes and boil slowly
tor half an hour, with the juice of two
lemons and a little bag of ginger root.
Take out with a skimmer and set in the
sun to harden. Boil the syrup down until
it thickens, add the white of an egg and
skim well. Put the fruit into the jars
and fill up with the hot syrup. Seal or
tie up when cold.
T03IATO Vinegar. Take one bushel of
ripe tomatoes, mash them in an open tub,
add one quart of molasses, and thorough
ly mix the whole together. Let the tub
stand several days, frequently stirring
the mixture. When a decided vinegar
odor is given off the juice should be
strained from the pomace and put into
casks. Vinegar thus made is equal to the
To Preserve Corn. Take good corn,
boil until the milk is killed ; when cold
cut from the ear and put in a stone jar;
allow one pint of salt for three pints of
cern: nut in a layer of salt and one ot
corn until the jar is full; when opened
for use remove the top ; soak till fresh ;
then season as you would fresh corn; add
one tablespoonful of white sugar, and
cook in milk or cream.
Chile Sauce. Two large onions,
twelve large ripe tomatoes, four green
peppers, two tablespoonfuls salt, two ta
blespoonfuls brown sugar, two table
spoonfuls ginger, one tablespoonful cin
namon, one tablespoonful ground mus
tard, one nutmeg, grated, lour cupfuls
vinegar. Chop peppers and onions fine,
peel tomatoes, and boil altogether until
done. If boiled too long it will be too
Breakfast Relish. Cut into small
pieces one-quarter of a pound of cheese,
place in a spider with a small piece of
butter; pour over it one cup of milk and
one egg well beaten; season 'high with
salt and pepper.
Striking" Back.
The strike of the male cigar-makers of
Cincinnati, on the ground that females
were employed in the business, might be
regarded with some anxiety by all
classes of working-women, as the inau
guration of a more decisive attemt to
drive women from the labor field, were
it not for the action of the female shirt
ironers of Newark, New Jersey. These
women have shown themselves fully ade
quate to the occasion and the times, hav
ing given an illustration of equal cour
age and perseverance with men as strikers
on the principle of the exclusion of the
"other sex." As the story goes, the firm
of Marley, Evenson & Co., of Newark,
manufacturers of shirts, recently en
gaged four male ironers. Previous to
this transaction, the ironing in this estab
lishment had been done entirely by wom
en, who, by working by the piece, were
able to make from $1.50 to 2.00 a day.
About 50 women were required to put
the finishing touches to these garments,
before they are ready for market; and so,
when the announcement came that the
firm had introduced four men into the
business albeit two brick floors and two
brick walls intervened between them
and the intruders they valiantly threw
down their flat-irons and vowed they "
would polish no more shirt-bosoms until
the male "carpet-baggers" were dis
charged. The number of shirts manu
factured by the firm amounts to 2,000
dozen weekly, or 288,000 annually, and
the action of, the women ironers was a
serious matter for the proprietors. At
first, the firm concluded to supply the
place of 50 women strikers with 100 (1)
men ironers, from Patterson, but finally,
thinking better of the matter, they
agreed to cast out the offensive element.
A compromise was effected the four
men to be allowed to work until the
present press of business is over, when
they are to be discharged, and women, as
before, will be exclusively employed.
Strikes based upon sex, is hereafter not
to be monopolized by man. Woman has
shown herself capable of this kind of
proceedings, which hereafter will be sim
ply a question of numbers.
There are some curious and interesting
facts in the Cincinnati strike, that are
quite worthy of mention. The firms
struck against are Krohn, Feiss &Co.
and Newburger Brothers. The former
firm employed about 200 men and only a
few women, while in the Newburgers'
establishment about one-fourth only of
the employes are women. In two other
Cincinnati firms, however, the proportion
of women employes is much larger than
the men Weil, Kabn & Co. employing
nearly 140 women, while the num
ber of female employes at Lowenthal's
is quite large. It is said in these rival
firms, it would make but little difference
whether their male employes struck or
not. They have female hands enough to
go on with the business, and could easily
fill up the places of male operatives with
other female workers, as cigar making is
an easy trade'to learn. Another curious
fact is, that the firms struck against can
not afford to discharge their girls, as the
.other firms would give these ready em
ployment even if they discharged their
male employes, as they could afford to
reduce rates and undersell firms employ
ing men only. The strike has been the
work of the Trades' Union, which re
fuses to allow women to be employed in
factories it proposes to control. As matT
ters now stand, it seems as though the
Trades' Union had a job on hand that
would last it until the millenium, as
there are strong indications that women,
will soon enjoy a monopoly of the cigar
business as they do now of the shirt-ironing
industry. Toledo Blade.
Military Ballooning a Failure.
It appears from a report of the result
of a series of experiments to determine
the utility of ballooning for reconnoiter
ing purposes, recently carried on in Ger
many, and extending over a considerable
length of time, that, after repeated trials,
a balloon was constructed that could be
packed up in a comparatively small space
and carried about without being dam
aged or rendered in any way unfit for im
mediate use. A second difficulty arose
providing a portable apparatus capable of
supplying a sufficient quantity of gas for
the inflation of the balloon whenever and
wherever it might be required to use this
latter. But this impediment was likewise
overcome, and an apparatus was designed
which could generate in from two to two
and a half hours enough hydrogen to
raise a balloon carrying three persons.
Unfortunately, however, there has been
found to be yet another obstacle in the
way of using balloons for reconnoitering
purposes, for which no remedy can as
yet be devised. From the height to which
the balloons must ascend, useful obser
vations can only be made by the aid of
telescopes. The balloon must, however,
necessarily be "captive," that is, they
must be confined by a rope and pre
vented from drifting away, perhaps only
to fall into the hands of the enemy; and
it is found that when there is the
slightest current of air such a captive
balloon begins to rotate about its verti
cal axis, and this so rapidly as to prevent
observations being made with the neces
sary accuracy and detail. Consequently
the conclusion has been arrived at that
captive balloons can not at present be
used for reconnoitering purposes, and
that thereforS the employment of bal
loons in war must be limited to carrying
dispatches and information.
"Have you 'Goldsmith's Greece?' " was
asked of the clerk in the store in which
book3 and various miscellaneous articles
were sold. "No," said the clerk, reflec
tively, "we haven't Goldsmith's grease,
but we have some splendid hair-oil."
. . ;V