U)- s ' ?VXU!MJ!.'-JIIJ gfts gpailjj QsiBxtem ASTORIA, OREGON: D. C. IRELAND Bailor. FRIDAY Sept. 7, 1S77 The Woodruff Expedition. Our Hoosier friend J. 0. Woodruff, osf., of Indianapolis, Indiana, lias in augurated an expedition by steam around the world which will be for the benefit of students. Harper's weekly of the 1st presents a half page illustration of the Ontario, the steamer which is specially fitted for the expe dition, and will leave New York Octo ber 1st, 1877. The Ontario will be a floating college, with a complctment -of about four hundred students and a facing of experienced teachers, includ ing a number of scientific gentlemen of acknowledged ability, several of whom have had much experience in scientific expeditions. The Ontario is i thoroughly built and well appointed ship. She has four decks, is 390 feet long, foiiy-six feet wide, and forty feet deep. A flush dock runs her whole length, and will greatly add to the comfort of the passengers. All the passengers can be accommodated with state-rooms. Attention has been paid to the ventilation of the ship, and a circulation of pure air has been insured by the introduction of several large "blower pipes," through which fresh air is" driven by steam. The Ontario has seen onty four years of service, is one of the strongest vessels afloat, and her machinery has been Xnit in thorough order for this cruise. She is fitted with state rooms and sa loons for work, study, lectures, and ail other uses of a scientific and edu cational tour, and is provided with steam-launches, an .adequate number of smaller boats, and an ample arma ment. A large library will be fur nished, in which especial care will be taken to supply the members with the best works on science and travel, par ticularly those relating to the places embraced in the route, with a full and suitable provision of scientific appara tus for the illustration of the subjects of study. Originally Mr. Woodruff thought to take but his own family and a few friends upon this expedition, which was calculated more for the benefit of his health than anything else, but be ing something of a scientist, students in the various branches of science with whom he was acquainted made so many applications that finally Sir. Woodruff changed his original inten tions, and made it an expedition to be known as "The Woodruff Scientific Expedition around the World." It lias been organized under the direc tion of James 0. Woodruff, esq., of Indianapolis, Indiana, with whom the idea originated, and who has contribu ted liberally to the fund required to carry it out successfully. The national government has heartily approved it, and, through the American ministers and consuls abroad, will secure tliroughout the route such a recogni tion and reception at the ports touched aa will add materially to the efficiency and enjoyment of the voyage. It will afford a rare opportunity for young students to see the world, and at the same time uursue their studies in science under the most pleasant and favorable auspices. The route of the expedition will take students to most of the interest ing points that can be reached by wa ter, including places within the limits of short land excursions. It will first proceed to the West Indies, skirt the c:istern coast of South America, pass into the Pacific.through the Straits of Magellan, touch at various island groups in that ocean and points on the western coast of South America, cross to Japan and China, visit India, Bor neo, etc. If time permits, a voyage will be made up the Persian Gulf. The expedition will then sail up the Hed Sea and through the Suez canal into the Mediterranean., touching at ? -. - t mT ifv"""- r iiiriiii Jaffa, whence an excursion may be made to Jerusalem. Kearly all the countries bordering on the Mediterra nean will be visited. We have not space to give the route in full, and will add only that opportunity will be afforded for excursions to the most in teresting portions of Italy, Spain, France, England, Scotland, and Ire land before the expedition starts upon the home voyage. jmd The expenses of eh student for the cruise of two years will be $2,500 of which 500 is paid as booking fee, 500 before sailing, and the balance, $1,500, to be in a letter of credit in the name of the trustees, drafts under which are only to be drawn at the ! rate of $300 every six months. If there are any students in Oregon who wish to go ui)on this expedition we will cheerfully furnish them with par ticulars, and we can conscientiously recommend Mr. Woodruff to alras a sound and reliable man, in every way adapted to make the voyage a pleas ure. He will leave copies of The As TOitiAX at every point of interest touched, upon his voyage of two years around the world. Oregon's Opportunity. Frdin the Oregon Statesman. Every indication now points to im proved times in Oregon. Crop pros pects were never better and the promise of good prices is very flat tering. From lion. G. W. Colby, the champion Gramrer of Northern California, we learn that the tide of emigration, from the Southern partis simply immense, all headed towards Oregon. But it is not alone from California that immigrants are com ing; they are coming by the hundreds fron Eastern States. Oregon is no longer known as a county in California, but as a State possessing vast natural resources and offering belter inducements to set tlers than any other, of the Stales or Territories, of the United States. Sympathizing with California in her unfavorable prospects for crops for the coming harvest, yet her misfor tune has had the eflect to turn the tide of emigration towards Oregon where the crops never fail. Here tofore California has been enabled to hold out inducements to settle in that State; but now things have changed, not only the Eastern emigration, but also great numbers of Califomiansare leaving their sun-parched homes for the land of ' occasional mists.'7 Ore gon has natural resources for a rich and populous state, and all that is now required is development; to ac complish this it will take capital and muscle. One of the first things that should command attention, in such a way as to insure success, is railroad communication with the rest of the world. Thousands of emigrants are kept from coming to our state by rea son of ihe hardships and expense of getting here. It is not for this pur pose alone that railroads are needed but for the general impulse they will give business generally as well." Our state can never become permanently prosperous while sparsely settled. Our commerce at present is to small to command any considerable attention; hence we are food for mo nopolies. With increased population comes increased business and this in vites competition, all combined pro duces a market at remurnerative prices. Xow is Oregon's opportunity to move in such enterprises as will tend to develone her resourses. The tide of immigration is pouring in up on us the season has been favorable, and every indication points to better times. Then, while in the flood tide of prosperity, let enteprise and skill direct all things in the proper chan nels of continued growth and pros perity. Railroads cannot be built in a day, it takes time and means, the means aiyj not easily obttained; com bined efforts alone can secure the necessary aid; therefore, in order to accomplish anytning in that direc tion, under our present condition, it is necessary to concentrate. Se lect some one of the manv needed routes and concentrate all efforts to accomplish the end then, with in creased powers, we may be able to take another, and so on" till all that are needed have bocome accom plished facts. The love of life, the desire for health and pasbion for wealth, are three of tho strongest laws that operate in the breast of the human family. Wherever life can be moht prolonged, health best secured, and wealth most easily acquired, there the tide of emigration and population is as sure to flow as the needle points to the north pole. It is the growing knowledge that all this is tme ot Oregon that is caus ing it to attract so much public attention and draw so many farmers, emigrants, tourists and capitalists to come and enjoy and profit by them. Newspaper By-Iaw9. 1. Be brief. Tliis is the age of telegraphs and stenography. 2. Re pointed. Don't write all around a subject without hitting it. " 3. State facts, but don'Utop to moralize. It's a drowsy subject. Let -the reader do his own dreaming. 4. Eschew preface. Plunge at once in to your subject, like a swimmer into cold water. 5. If you have written a sentence that you think particularly fine, draw your pen through it. A pet child is always the worbt in the family. G. Condense. Make sure that you really have an idea, and then record it in die shortest possible terms. We want thoughU in their quintescence. 7. When your article is completed, strike out nine-tenths of the adjectives. JT&j- What is a dollar when you can get TnE Astouiax for it four month, regularly, including a pampl.Iot telling you all about the great State of Oregon. Newspaper advertising compels innuirv, and when the article afll'red is of nood duality and at a fair nric,1 the naut- ral result is increased sale:?. ;NTEW ADVERTISEMENTS. LE. mint and lixturor, everythiiH: chance for a man with a small quire at 01U&FINO SALOON Asuma. A TTEXTIOX E1REME Rescue engine company No. lor una ai me engine iiousc oi -m urdav. .Sent. Sth. 1877. at 7 p. in. lines will be imposed upon absentees! Ly order of 1 L. I). COFFMAN. Foleman. G. F. I'akkkk, Secretary. S0-2t CE. led proposals will be received by lUMi untu 1 no 2.)Ui uayoi aep- 77, at 12 o'clock jr. ding City Jail and other Buildings. Tn accordance with plans and specifications in the hands of the undersigned. 1). K. AVAKHEN, H. MKNVX, CII.TAGE. Com. on Health and Police for the City of Astoria. S0-td MED IN EVERY STYLE AT EJEKS COISTFJECTf OXEIMf AND- Refreshment Saloon. All kinds of French, German and American Candies constantly on hand, wholesale and retail at the lowest c:isli price. ALSO "Wedding cakes made to order on short notice. The patronage of the public is respectfully solicited. Oregon Steamship Company For San IVranoisro Direct, Carrying the dinted States Mails and Wells, Fargo & Co's Express. 12188x150. Cabin. .S7 .10 Steerse.-SS i reijsiit, pei Ton Al Steamship AJAX, k rsls& MACKIE Ctmmander. Will leave "W. T. k L. Co.'s dock Astoria for above port on SUNDAY, Sopt. 9 !S77, At o'clock, A. M. For Freight or Passage, apply at tho offico of tho W. T. te Locks company. C. P. UPSHUR, Agent. WHITEHALL FERRY AND i:xiK3:ss BOAT. BETWEEN ASTORIA AND UP- PEK ASTORIA. rpHE VXDEIiSIONED heg leave to in- JL form the punnc tnatiney nave csiaunsneci a "Whitehall Ferrv Boat between points above, and will leave C:ise's steps, foot of Cass street, at y o'clock a. 111., amis o'clock p. 111., daily, until further notice, for Upper As toria and return. FAKE 25 CENTS EACII WAY. Packages carefully delivered at reasonable prices. Orders mav be left at the stores of C. Licn enweber, upper town, and I."W. Case, Astoria. 1IAKKIS & NELSON. KE3IOVED. A- H. POHL, Tailor, AS REMOVED HIS SHOP TO MAIN street, between C'oncoinly and Chena- nuLs streets, where he will attend to all busi ness in his line. SClcanhi and repairing promptly at tended to. CJive him a call. 77-St GEORGE W. CORNART, DEAT.Ei: IX FINE IMPORTED A2CD DO MESTIC IQARS .TQBACC ""' "' HOOKS, STATIONERY, XEWSrATEKS, BIRD CAGES, "WILLOW "WAKE, ETC., ETC. SOAP, PERFUMERY, AND NOTIONS. A FULL LINE OF MUSICAL GOODS AND SHEET MUSIC CONSTANTLY ON HAND. All tlie Xiemlins: Newspapers of tlic Nation. Constantly 011 Hand, North side of Chenamus street, between Cass, and Main - - - Astoria, Ohegox. TT7Vn VI X i Kcstii net-, auoijf tr.tftt:il. Jft 9 2-31 meet VniSj usual . uw d;u- 1 11011 WM tcijivs Frmri OYSIEBS ! p) OYSTERS ! $ V SCEE 3 & r! ' AjtiVlvVl. v3k3 EW ADVERTISEMENTS. FOaTX.41?B TH THE TODKItSIGXED TAKE PLEASURE TO AXNOl'XCE TO THEIit PATRONS AXD DEALERS IX GENERAL THAT TJiEV HAVE LATELY LARGELY INCREASED Tf IELR FAC TORY AND ARE NOW PREPARED TO FUR NISH AS GOOD AN ASSORTMENT IN THEIR ' LINK AS ANY HOUSE ON Til B COAST. Special inducements to cash custo mers. ATjISKY & 3IF.GEI.E, P. O. Box 64. las Firt Street. l'arlory on Airier Sf reel, between First ami gcconil Street, Portland, Oregon. I. W. CASE, Wholesale and Retail DEALER RT Assorted Merchandise of Description. T SHOES, SIjIPPSSB.S, A COMPLETE ASSORTMENT, COMPRISING OYER SIXTY 'CASES, OE TnE BEST QUALITY AT LOW EST POSSIBLE RATES. y OLTIS HAGEN, Squemoefrtia street, next door to the Episcopal church. CaIineOiL:akcsr ami LTnJeri alter Ka will take orders for all kiu-5of NEW FURNITURE, and repairing promptly and neatly dono, at low prices. PIKE & SMITH, The rapid sign writers arc now prepared to do 2Eouse and Sijjn Paint in jr. GLASS GILDING, CARRIAGE PAINTING, CHAINING, KALSOM1MLNG, UAlt TOP POLISHING, And all work pertaining to the line. Having had many years experience in our business we solicit a share of the public pat ronage. Shop in Parker house, Astoria. WEST SHORE MILLS. Foot of C0NC0MLY Street ROADWAY, Astoria, Oregon P" J. C. TRTJLLLNGER, - - Proprietor. of tho above Mill Is now prepared to fill all orders, largo and small, for every kind of BUILDING LUMBER On satisfactory terms. (xReat Seduction IN PRICES!! -AT THE PIONEER "Root & sioR STORE Corner of Cass and Squemocqha streets. ASTORIA, OREGON. EOR THE NEXT THIRTY DAYS I WILL SELL ALL MT LARGE STOCK OF Mens1, Boys', Ladies', Miss es and Children's BOOTS AND SHOES Afc a considerable reduction from previous prices, many kinds AT COST! C.J-SMITH, Prop. " MIL DESPERANDUIS. Lime, Brick, Sand it LI AS CHEAP AS CAN BE LAMD I ASTORIA. Can "be had in any quantity at my wharf. Bt3".Agcnt for salo of San Juan Lime. PETER RUNEY, Astoria. -- - -1 fSyScy j0M& '1 Bssw snBHjjajNJiv ifty if ggtgg STS2SE33SC: iMISCElLLAXEOUS. BAR SBOTJKS HUSH JFIiAX TMJEABS kvND SALMoy Wet TJV1XE& ISavLoux' Brothers, ill) Pine street, San .Francisco. Henry IDoyle. Afnnager. d.w.tf W. E- DEIVIET, BETJGGIST. Carries a fall' Assortment of Drags, Patent Medicines, PAINTS, OIL AND GLASS. Prescriptions filled with care Day or Night. ar Manufacturer of Fishermen's "Relief A sure preventative of Chapped liand3, und cure for ifish Wounds. S3Denient's Florida Water, price "0 cents fapi aijariiap Slop. Squemocqha atreot. between "Washington anc5 Toll; sticcts. AST0ItTA OREGON HEXKY WALIjOU, Proprietor. THE PROPRIETOR IJRIXGS "WITH HIM an experience of ! years in this business-. and having constructed vehicles of all des cription from A Kuffjjy f 2.7 Pounds Ti'eijjlit TO An 8..TC0 Pound lVajj" Is prepared to guarantee satisfaction to any who may patronize him. llo will uso nonor but tho best materials, and will make wagons and carriages equal to any s-ho; in tho country. x&ypersons in want &f work will tavo money by finding this shop. I iBlaeksmithing and ship work promptly attended to. PAIN ERADICATORf The Most Wonderful Discover? of the Age! and I'nScss ivc Pro- The World 3Zovsy sves.s w o KJuHiYvard. 5othiii Uemahis Stationary. Put up in largo bbttJes, and for salo by drugcists and dealers. If ytu happen to bev in a locality whero STEELE'S PALX ERADI UATOU cannot bo obtained, send to tho near est wholesale druggist, or tho Agents, CRANE & BRIGHAM, Wholesalo Druggists, i?an Francisco. tfuTFor salo in Aatoria by It. If. CauGeld and W. E. Dement. THE MOST EXTENSIVE XSD Only First-class Stock, CAS BE FOUKD AT E. S. LAESEFS Corner of CASS and vSonemonha Strppfff. ASTORIA, OREGON. New Invoices JJY EVERY STEAMER. CALL v V't, , ri Ofl rj x?i i. . ? -o v w. v HEXRY SIlTDLIATGERy -DEALER ET STOVES and TINWARE, JOBBING PR0JIPTLY ATTENDED TO. SHOP On Squemocqha. stroet, between Main and Cass streets, Astoria. Oregon. B. B. Franklin, UNDERTAKER AND CABINET MAKER. Squemocqha street, next door to Astorian Duilding, Astoria, Oregon. flarAll work dono in a skillful manner, on short notice and at reasonablo prices. jT MEYEK, ASTORIABREWERY, Having all thencce?!ary machinery for first class work, skillful Brewers, and using none but the best quality of jnaterials, the Proprie tor is prepared to manufacture LAGER LEER in any quantity , from aS single bottle to a bar rel, and put it up in ood condition for ship- ment or immediate use. Families and keep ers ot public nouses p supplied. al. I omntly and regularly IEYER. Proprietor. BOOT and SHOE MAKER,. ASTORIA, 0REG0X. Has just received a splendid stoclc of LEATHER and TMUIINGS; The best in Oregon and "will now fill any order, at tho lowest prices, for the best and finest of Boots and Snoes. V: r i rv A .Q - . T9 V" vv A .A Wmr a A.Wv V YOPo. k oA yV W VVit .