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About Tri-weekly Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1873-1874 | View This Issue
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Astoria, Oregon, Tuesday Morning, Dec. 30, 1873.
1 til W JJDjiUuI
TUESDAY, THURSDAY AND SATURDAY
Monitor Building, Astoria, Oregon.
I. C.IREI13tI) Proprietor
Ono Copy one year.
One Com six months
... 3 00
... 1 50
Ono Copy three months
t&T Single Number, Ten Cents, "ua
Adverts ins? Ksitcs:
Ono Insertion persouarc, 10 lines or loss...$2 50
Each additional Inseriitm, ptr?qii:iro 2 00
Yearly adv'ts j)er month, per square 1 o0
L. P.EiS'int, 20 and 21 Now Merchant? Ex
change, is authorized m act as Agent for the
Astohivn in San Fianei-eo.
Any friend who feel an interest in tho pros
perity of this region, is authorized to act as
Agent for this paper, in procuring Mibseribcrs.
The Orogonian sposes the Wind
ward has gone to sea.
This even'g the Common Council
holds its regular session.
Sheriff Twilight is collecting tax
es under the last assessment.
jfcET For fresh Oysters, in every stylo, call at
tho Parker House Kest.yuu.vxt.
The Fireman's 3-5n.ll, on Christ
mas nighr, "was a decided success.
The spar buoys for the upper chan
nel are almost ready to be planted.
The Mattie Maclcay will finish
her Honolulu cargo at Squemoqc.
An elegant party was given on
board the Mariano in this harbor,
The Dixie Thompson arrived
with the mail on Saturday, and after
an hour here returned.
iW Oystors in every style, at all hours of
day or night, at tho 1'a.rker House Hestau
ka.t, Main street, Astoria,
John Ferrell, of this city, has
taken out his papers as an engineer
on the lower Columbia.
All who have pictures to frame
should call on C. Stoll, at his shop on
Main street, as he is specially devot
ing his time to such jobs at present.
The Melancthon is here now
ready to sail on a five days' voyage
to San Francisco, having spent weeks
above Astoria loading.
Our sub says the reason so many
, , , . ill 1
young men wish to ship as deckhands
,- i, ffi- .
work. They have so much free rid
ing to do.
C2TA neat, clean, cqsey place, for gentle
men and ladios to enjoy a dish of fresh Oysters
is at tho Parker House Uestauraxt.
The Merrimac, Capt. Hobson,
and Shoo-fly, Capt. Harloe, are the
steamers that deserve praise for
breaking the ice gorge last Friday
the blockaded fleet into
On the last voyage of the steam
er Oriflamme, from this port a man
whose name cannot be learned, but
who was an undertaker in Portland,
committed suicide by jumping over
board when the steamer was off Cape
Mendocino. He left $500 with the
purser. The man was believed to be
The value of wheat and flour
cargoes shipped from San Francisco
the present jrear is estimated at $25,-
000,000. The Pacific ocean is fast
becoming the highway of the world
for breadstuff's, and while California
is sending out her twenty-five mil
lions worth what is Oregon doing?
The answer is, plainly: nothing!. Just
nothing! and why? Because the pre
sent S3Tstem of shipping costs us near
ly as much as the farmer realizes for
liis grain, and we are losing at the
rate of about one and a half million
dollars per year in the difference be
tween the price received for wheat,
and the price the farmer is entitled
to. And it will be so as long as deep
sea vessels are prevented from com
ing to Astoria to load their cargoes.
Astorians have done all they can to
change this system for the benefit of
the State-rvpill the State, second the
effortt.1 r ' . ' . -
POIXT AIAIS LIGHT.
We have received from Senator Kelly,
the following, in relation to the new light
at Point Adams: ,
United States Sk.vvte Chamber,
Washington, Dec. i, 1873. J
Seeing in the Astokian of the 20th.
that nothing had as yet been done toward J
tlie construction oi the Juignt Jiouse on
Point Adams, I called at the office of the
Light House Board to ascertain the cause
of the delay. I was informed by Maj.
i Elliot, a member of the Board, that it was
sowing to the length of time icquired to
nrocure the. title to the ground on which :
the buildings are to be erected. Being on
tlie Military reservation, it became neces
sary to get the title from the "War Depart
ment, and perhaps there was a little cir
cumlocution" about the matter .which
caused the delay. Happily this is now
ended, and the land has been secured for
the site of the Light House. I was told
that the work of constructing the buildings
will soon be commenced and prosecuted
ab rapidly as can conveniently be done
toward completion. Very truly yours,
James K. Kelly.
Mr. L. B. Stearns, law student in
the office of lion. A. C. Gibbs, of
Portland, Oregon, is spending the
holidays with his friends in Clatsop
Fighting dogs are killed by the
Government in Japan, and the own
ers fined. That would not be a
healthy place for old Scratch, of As
toria. Eight or
ten steamers are due
to-day at Astoria, nearly all loaded
with grain and flour, from points on
the upper rivers, to be shipped to
There is quite a settlement at
Brookfield already, and the town has
not yet been laid off into lots, blocks
and streets. There are now ten sub
scribers to the Astoiuan at Brook
field. "While the Government is giving
out of its Treasury millions for mail
steamship lines, a cool thousand or
two would be acceptable to Oregon
for a mail horseback line to Portland
It is understood that E. E. Mor
gan's Sons, of San Francisco, are to
be the resident agents of the Oregon
Packing Company this year. Ten
thousand cases of the next season's
catch have been contracted for.
Temple Lodge Xo. 7, A. F. and
A "XT Iovq nltintnA r.ffinnkTC OC "Tnl-
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10VS, IU UC lll&UUltJU. Ul nits OUUUIIU.
i ' . ,. . -r ttr
communication in January; I. .
Case, W. M.; F. C. Carr, S. D.; fc
Chance, J. IX; J. G. Hustler, Treas
urer; II. S. Aiken Secretary.
Gray and Donaldson are about to
classify articles at the Washington
Market, under fitting heads. Judg
ing from the stacks of product seen
there the other day, Cabbage heads
will be the first to receive attention
although there are other articles such
as apples, assorted fruits, beef, case
goods, etc., which would come in
ahead of cabbages if alphabetically
The master of the Island Belle
reports having seen, off Cape Look
out, a large sized ships cabin, paint
ed partly white, top knocked off,
and attached, apparently, to a ships'
hull. Cape Lookout is about sixty
miles South of the Columbia river.
As the Kaloa reported seeing a ves
sel bottom up off Cape Flattery, and
as a new 'Steamer only partially
equipped is missed from Port Madi
son,4this may be portions of that ves
sel wrecked during the late storm.
Excellent Thoso Sugar Cured Ilains, and
that Fresh Roll Butter, Fresh Buckwheat,
(this year's crop), Corn Meal, Cracked "Wheat,
lloininy, etc., at Case's. 1-tf
School Books. I have lately re
ceived all the different kinds of New School
Books required to be used in this State, that
can now be found in San Francisco. Also,
Slate pencils, Blotting pads, a good as
sortment of Stationery, Drawing paper,
CARD BOARD, Perforated board, Ink,
(Carmine, Purple and Black). Likewise a
new stock of Crockery, Clocks and a large
assortment .qtLamp CJmnneys, all of
which will be sold cheap for cash.
oltf v Cfcepainug s- Astoria,
- .4. . ; f ? , . 3
Ice Blockade Bursted !
Communication Opened from Port
land to the 3ea !
Ten Oe.ean Vessels Passed into
the Wallainet from Columbia
River, on Friday Last !
Vessels at Portland Making haste
to get Away before the River
Shall Close Again !
C1 . i,i,
DOCK lOOm 101 loui ainpb tu xuau
at Once at the Emporium
of Oregon !
The Columbia river is still frozen over,
above the mouth of the "Wallainet, and is
liable for some time yet to again shut off
communication with Portland, although
it ib hoped that the shipment of grain and
flour will not be stopped again this season.
It has always been patent to every one
acquainted with our rivers that shipping,
particularly heavy shipping, should be
done from the mouth of the" Columbia.
But while our commerce was small light
draft vessels did the carrying trade which,
with some inconvenience,could do the riv
er carrying also; hence, the river steam
boats were not prepared to do what legiti
mately belonged to them. But as com
merce increased, the inconvenience of the
old method increased, and great losses en
sued. Merchants, however, become es
tablished at their trading posts, and having
it aUo in their power, for the present, to
shift the losses From themselves to the pro
ducer, have been slow virtually refusing
to change from the old methods to that
appointed by nature, and demanded by an
enlarged commerce, for thebest advantage
and prosperity of Oregon. They have
endeavored to conceal from the farmer a
knowledge of all the i'acfc, but the business
of the State is now so large that any obsta
cle is felt sensibly, and qilickly, by many,
and those who are hurt will not long suf
fer in silence. Portland merchants, by
chartering only small vessels, and by ob
taining thousands of dollars from the
General .Government for dredging, have
been able to get the vessels to JL'ortiaud,
claiming also that tho river, once opened,
would continue a gcod and sufficient chan
nel. But dredging out sands did not keep
out the frost, and Portland has been ice
bound. A large trade suddenly stopped;
losses incurred thereby, and she made to
acknowledge some things. They now ad
vise that, as the periodical rises of the
rivers will continually close up or shoal the
mouth of the "Wallainet, and as the mouth
of tlie Columbia slough is not closed with
ice so long as the proper mouth of that
river, future appropriations be expended
in deepening the, channel through the
slouffh. This slough is the lower mouth
of the Wallamet river, and joins the
Columbia at St. Helens, about twenty
miles below where the upper mouth emp
ties ik waters into the Columbia. The
slough is a narrow,, crooked, shallow
channel, running down between the main
land and Sauvies' Island.
A few ve-sels drawing nine to eleven
feet were taken through this course during
the freeze, but it U crossed y a ledge of
rock which renders it unsafe for ocean
vessel even of light draft.
The steamer Gussie Telfair struck these
rocks in going through and also scraped
on the sand shoals. Through this slough,
river boatb passed during the freeze until
last Fi iday, when the Columbia was open
ed to the upper mouth of tho Wallamet
river. Below this slough the Columbia
river was closed for several days with ice
which soi"ui gave way but between the
two mouths of the Wallamet the ice was
gorged, as at Willow bar, and resisted
vessels like the steamer Ajax until last
Friday, when it was opened, and a fleet
of ten vessels reached Portland. But now,
we are told only four ships can load at
one time, and there is great haste among
all to get away.
Ben Holladay is expected here
to-day on the Orillamme, health con
There is not now, nor never has been,
a vessel in San Francisco harbor that could
not take on a full cargo at Astoria clocks,
and go to sea with it. The Three Broth
ers, the largest vessel afloat, could load
The British ship Sagamore, Wood,
which it was expected, t..ree months ago,
would load here with wheat for Europe, is
" too large for Portland" we presume, be
ing of l,o42 tons register, and will conse
quently take our gj-ain on board at San
Erancisco. The Sagamore could have re
ceived her full cargo at any one oi the
Astoria wharves, but it is a part of the
policy of Portland to keep deep sea ves
sels out of this trade entirely, which win
account for the Sagamore stopping at San
Francisco last week.
k Ox for hS'ale. One stout, heavy
built work Ox, eight years of age, gentle
and well broken, weighing between 800
and 900 pounds, is offered for .sale on arj
plication at' John Douglass' fanch, Lewis
:erl - ' 'w' ' d27t
The barentine Jane A. Falkinburg,
Brown, for Portland, Oregon, and
the bark Comet, Perriman, for San
Francisco both left Honolulu on the
7th. The Falkinburg arrived, here
on the 26th. Her cargo consists of
2,703 kegs sugar, 300 bags rice, 100
bales pulu, 50 tons salt, 50 bunches
bananas, 20 bags pea-nuts.
Capt.Brown has placed us under
obligations for files of papers to the
6th from which we clip as follews:
The Gazette foreshadows a panic in
these werds: Coin is becoming more
and more scarce every month, owing
to its being carried to foreign coun
tries bv passengers and ships, till
now the business of the place is done
almost wholly, with silver certificates
and small silver change. Xevei be
fore has there been so much dispo
sition to sell and buy on credit, even
for- smallest items which really
means till the purchaser can pay.
And yet our writers on currency
maintain that it will right itself, if
we only let it alone and do nothing,
till the balance of trade comes around
in our favor. Before that time ar
rives, government will be obliged to
dismiss half its officers, and reduce
largely the pay of the remainder,
while the imports and exports and
commerce of the port will have been
largely curtailed. These may ap
pear to. some to be idle croakings but
they will be found to be the stern
.reality,- within a few months.
To which the Advertiser respends:
We have been laboring under the
delusion that the coin upon which,
those certificates are based was se
curely locked up in the Treasury
vault; the disposition to buy " on
credit" is no more marked just now
than it has been for years past, the
only difference being that traders do
not want to buy as much. Ibis
merely shows that the proportion of
those who sell is too large for those
who buy; in other words, that some
one or more of the sellers must seek
another community of buyers. A
process of " natural selection" must
ensue among sellers, by which those
with the longest heads, and of course
the longest purses, will remain.
From tho Advertiser, Dec. (Jth.
On the first Monday in February
elections take place throughout the
Kingdom for Representatives of the
people in the Legislature of 1S74.
So far, there is no note of preparation
there have been no caucuses or
nominating conventions, and no can
didates have come forward to solicit
the suffrages of the people. One
reason for this apparent apathy will
probably be found in the recent sud
den change of base of the Ministry.
Their solitary attempt to inaugurate
a measure of national importance
having resulted in such a demoraliz
ing panic and ignominious failure,
may have afforded just cause for dis
trusting hereafter their own convic
tions, the result even of long and
careful deliberation, as to what real
ly ought to be their policy. They
have demonstrated that as statesmen
they are incapable of leading the
country, and it remains to be seen
whether they can be led by a major
ity of the Legislative Assembly. We
mav fairly anticipate however that,
unable themselves to originate any-
thing of value to the country, they
will prove stumbling blocks in the
pathway of progress.
But the general apathy as to tne
coming elections, to which we have
alluded, is much to be deprecated.
Every one, be he native or foreign
born, whose home is on these islands
and whose material interests are
here, should be far from indifferent
should be earnestly awake to the
importance of having good men elect
ed to the important positions of law
makers for the nation. Foreigners
who are domiciled and naturalized
here will be derelict in their duty,
and be guilty of consummate folly if
they fail to go to the polls and take
an active part in the canvass. Good
men are to be found who will accept
the nominations; and there are a
host of worthless aspirants, whose
election would be a public misfor
tune, for which however, we inay
have to charge our present indiffer
Although the country has no Min
isterial 'policy before it, yet every
thinking person can comprehend
that the coming Legislative session
ought to prove a most important one.
Our principal industrial pursuit the
cultivation of sugar is languishing.
from well known causes, and.througli;
tne recent vacillating ana tunstaro-
menlike course of the Ministry the
hope of relief through a treaty of re
ciprocity with our best customer has
been abandoned. With the decad
ence of our collective prosperity and
the diminution of means among all
classes of the people, the revenue of
the State must inevitably fall off in
proportion. With a reduced income,
we will be compelled to reduce our
appropriations; but the work of re
ducing the legitimate expenditures
of government requires to be done
with a careful hand. Hasty and in
juriously as a failure to act at all.
The storm, which commenced on
Sunday night Dec. 1st last, has lasted
all the week, and rain has fallen
plenteously on our parched fields and
hll-sides. This is the oft prophesied
and much deferred " later rain" that
we have been hoping for
V Tho later rain, it falls in anxious hasto
Upon the sundried fields and branches bard.
Loosening with searching drops the rigid wasto,
As if it would each root's lost strength repair.'
The country has not had so .thorough
a wetting during the past ten years.
From the direction of the wind
which, has been a Kona we antici
pate that all portions of the group
have been similarly favored.
Tragedy at Westport.4 ,
It is reported that a man named
Charles Peterson was shot dead, in
Westport, on the night of the 25th,
by another man named Bryon Shep
pard, formerly of this city. We have
none of the particulars to enable us
to give a true statement of the -tragedy.
As a sample of the " Gossip" at
Washington this Winter we have
this by telegraph, of "George H. Wil
liams: " It has' been said that a $600
carriage used by his family was paid
for out of the contingent fund of the
Department of Justice, "Usage has
long sanctioned the ownership of
modest carriages tor business pur-
'poses ot Cabinet oincers, but tne
Secretary of State alone has been al
lotted a coach, which was necessary
in the exchange of diplomatic civil
ities; but Mr. Seward never employ
ed it for his family, who had a pri
vate equipage. Mr. Chase, when
Secretary of the Treasury, scrupu
lously excluded the members of his
family from the use of the Treasury
carriage. Senators who on general
grounds are well disposed toward
Williams feel that this carriage busi
ness shows a lack of that delicate
sensibility which should belong to
the character of a Chief Justice."
Professor Trumbull of Hartford,
who is a wise and learned man, and
an indefatigable antiquarian, lias
been delightedly groping through
the dusty pages of the London Mer
curius Politibus for September 25,
1651. Therein he has found a letter
from Eliot, the Indian missionary,
which proves that May, the wife of
Hugh Parsons Springfield, was real
ly and certainly executed for wich
craftin 1651, instead of dying in pris
on as been reported. It must be. a
satisfaction to Massachusetts to have
this vexed question settled, and to
know that the State had not missed
a chance of asserting herself.
There will be a great American
novelist after some time, we presume.
Lew Wallace has opened a new vein
of romance, we are told; and he is
about the age that Walter Scott was
when Waverley was published. Ore
gon too, is entering the arena, a
Webfoot appearing as the champion.
Who has just forged, from the red
hot material poured from his glowing
fancy, a new Wallamet Romance of
the Valley. It is just as well, as we
go along, to have the Wallamet shad
owed in the purple mists of romance.
It'is rumored .in Kew York that
Harry Genet, the Ring fugitive," is
on his way to Rio Janeiro, on board
a yacht, provisioned and fitted put
for. a.Jong,yeyage last weekEx-.
Trasurer,Tay!oru pf Jersey Citvyis.
also 'said to bo on board, ' . , f ).