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About Tri-weekly Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1873-1874 | View This Issue
I. C. IREZ.A3T...., Editor.
ASTORIA Xoy. 21, 1S73
&IF22 SAVING STATIONS.
Iii the Xew York Journal of Com
merce we find some very interesting
statistics of the operations of that
comparatively new branch of service
in our government, the life saving
service of the United States, now
fully organized and equipped, and
which has proven its entire success
by the fact that not a single life has
been lost on a wreck that has occur
red within reach of one of these sta
tions during three years past.
In view of the long and dangerous
coasts we have, a well organized sys
tem of saving life and property from
wrecked or disabled vessels was dic
tated by every humane instinct, and
the vast territory to be cov.ered by
the stations made it necessaiy that
government should undertake the
scheme. Hon. S. I. Kimball, chief
of the Revenue Marine service, was
then placed in charge, and Captain
John Faunce was ordered to locate
new station sites, erect new houses,
and make whatever improvements
were necessaiy. They located thirty-one
on the coast of Long Island,
and forty on the coast of Xew Jersey.
All these are now in working order.
By the acts of March 3, 1871, and
June 10, 1872, stations were author
ized at very many points on the At
lantic, and last "Winter Congress ap
propriated a sum sufiicient to extend
the work on the Atlantic Coast, and
provide for a commission to visit and
-examine the whole coast of the Uni
ted States, including the lakes, and
report upon the proper 'sites for sta
tions. This Commission consisted of
Mr. Kimball, Captain Faunce, and
Captian J. H. Merryman, all of the
Revenue Marine service. They
made an examination of the mouth
of the Columbia, accompanied by
Ca.pt J, W. White of the Revenue
Marine Service a short time ago, and
have recommended that an item be
included in the appropriation bill
this "Winter providing for the estab
lishment of two stations here.
On the Jlth of January last Secre
tary Bojitwell promulgated regula
tions for the government of the life
saving service, and appointed Capt.
J. IT. Merryman, of the Revenue
Marine service, inspector of stations.
He established his headquarters at
Kew York, and proceeded to reorgan
ize the service and improve the ap
paratus iu use. Capt. Merryman
has made good use of his appoint
ment, and by experimenting with all
kinds of apparatus to be had. has se
lected those appliances best calcula
ted lor tne service, and as a result
those being used in the United States
are considered far superior to any in
the world. The experiments which
produced these results are very in
teresting, but are too lengthy for our
'It should be understand that the
great consideration in case of a wreck
is to reach it, and there are only two
ways of doing this one by mortar or
rocket line, the other by boat. The
boat is always used where the ship is
wrecked on a shoal some distance
from shore, and the mortal or rocket
line where the wreck is near shore
and the surf is too high for a boat to
live. If a wreck occurs on a shoal
some distance from shore, and the
sea a too rough for a surf or life boat
huxnan aid cannot reach the unfor
tunates by any known appliance.
But the conformation of our coasts is
such that all wrecks from grounding
have occurred within 300 yards from
shore, and in such cases the mortar
line and serf-boat have been thoro'
ly effective. There are very few
places where an ordinary-sized vessel
will strand on our coast futher than
o00 yards from shore. The mortar
system is thoroughly successful. The
theory of it is throwing aline attach
ed to an iron shot across the wreck.
The life boat adopted by Capt.
Merryman is the model of one adopt
ed by the Royal National Life-Baving
institution of England, .an3 Is regard
ed as the best invention of the kind.
The one described by the Journal of
Commerce is built of mahogany
boards one inch thick, fastened to
gether diagonally.' Extreme length
30 feet, beam 7 feet 1 inch, depth 3
feet. There are seats for eight row
ers, and the deck upon which their
feet rest is four inches above water
line when the boat is loaded to its
utmost capacity. It is ballasted in a
chamber between the keel and deck,
with blocks of wood. Running all
the way from the deck to the keel
there are four discharge pipes about
& inches in diameter, each fitted
with.a valve of peculiar construction
which permits the water to find exit
from the deck, but is perfectly tight
against an upward pressure of water,
thus enabling the boat when filled
with water to free itself. At the
bow and stern, reaching inwards
about three feet, and extending at
the highest point from the keel to
about a foot above the gunwale, arc
air-chambers which support the boi.t
when capsized or full of water, but
on account of the air cylinders and
the shear of the boat, together with
the preponderance of weight below
deck, it is impossible for her to re
main bottom up in the water. The
boat could only be upset in a surf or
a sea by most extraordinary circum
stances. It is the most completely
equipped of any yet seen. Captain
Merryman determined to upset it,
and attached a line to the gunwale,
throwing it under the boat. The
bight of the line was brought to the
other side and a double purchase
tackle hooked to it. By the greatest
efforts of ten men pulling upon the
haling part of the tackle the boat was
slowly turned over; she instantly
righted however, full of water, but
discharged it all through her valved
cylinders in twenty-seven seconds.
Life rafts, life saving dresses, serf
boats, launch-wagons, are each de
scribed, and the account closes with
the printed regulations and signals in
use between stations. The signals
given are visible by night for a dis
tance of six miles.
"Olivia," of the Philadelphia
Press, writes from ISTew Yerk: " The
"Woman's Congress holds its sessions
in the most aristocratic locality of
this famous village, surrounded by
walls of marble. The highest style
of art in the country looks down from
frescoed ceilings. The stars are pad
ded, like the figures that glide so
majestically by. An air of elegance
pervades every nook and corner,
whilst the breath of geranium and
tube-roses steals away the most refin
ed of all our senses. Upon the plat
form may be seen, underneath silk
en and velvet bodices, the mischiev
ous and spicy element of Sorosis.
And here let it be proclaimed that
the l "Woman's Congress' is the legi
timate offspring of this JSew York
woman's club. Sorosis is the -parent
of this association, and Sorsis means
that band of women in Xew York
who have husbands addicted to clubs
and to offset the domestic trial the
woman element goes in for a good
time outside the harbor of home."
The two cigar steamers of Mr.
Ross "Winans, of Baltimore, make
frequent trips in the British Channel
although their officers take pains to
prevent any knowledge of their ca
pacityfor speed frombecoming public.
One of these steamers was built at
Cherbourg and the other on the
Clyde. The latter is about 400 feet
long, and is built on a different plan
from the original cigar steamer, which
now lies at her wharf in Baltimore.
Instead of a wheel in the center the
vessel has two pfopellors at the ex
treme points of the cigar. The cigar
portion of the hull is submerged, and
an eye-witness describes the whole
appearance of the vessel as he saw it
recently in the harbor of Southamp
ton as "that of an ordinary ocean
steamer perched on the back of a
whale." Mr. "Winans hopes to ob
tain a speed of twenty miles an hour
by propulsion alone with his strange
Paris newspapers announce the
death of Mme. Felix, the mother of
the great Rachel.
Synopsis of Comanissioxiers' Court
lroceeilingrs, November. 1873.
Otsterville, Xov. 3, 1S73.
Court met at 9 o'clock a. in.;Pro'ent, Messrs.
IT. II. Jackson, W. ll.Lupton, and A. S. .Bush,
Commissioners, and C. A. Reed, Clerk.
Supervisor of Fort Willapa road district was
requested to make report in regard to a bridgo
constructed by Van 11. Whcaton.
Ordered that the appraisers report on dama
ges to premises of Marshall Somes, awarding
300, be accepted.
Ordered that tho petition for a county road
from Bear river to tho cast fork of tho Walli
cut river, bo rejected.
Charles Brady, 1. N. Stark and L. II. Rhodes
be appointed to appraise the damages to prem
ises of Thomas Shay, James Mallis and Jano
Mallis, on tho location of a county road, to
meet at tho house of John Louderback on tho
A petition signed by the requisite number of
householders living in Willapa valley, asking
for tllO lOftllHnn fif 51 nnnnfv rnnrl tr nvfnnrl
from a point on the highway on the east sido
01 uic w mapa river, on tno Christian Ueisy
Donation Claim, thence by nearest and most
lirnctinahln rmifn hotivnon t.lin U'illmm nml
Chehalis rivers, in tho direction of Claquato t
to me east line or racmc county, was recoived,
and Sebastian Geisy, V. It. Wheaton and John
Louderbeck were appointed viewers.
Samuel Walker was appointed Justice of tho
Peace for Grays river district.
Warrant was ordered in favor of Matthew
Lam ley for ovor work dono by him as Super
visor of road district No. 16, dono in lb72.
School section .No, Ki, town 10 rango 10 west,
was leased to August Geazleman, for tho torm
of six years.
Sundry bills were audited, bonds approved,
licences granted, etc., etc., occupying the at
tention of tho Court until tho evening of tho
4th, when Court adjourned sino die.
It is greatly regretted at Wash
ington that Ohio was not a State
bordering upon the sea, for if it had
been, enough influence could have
been exerted by the Administration
to have elected the whole Republi
can ticket. Just think what a fine
thing it would have been for Noyes
if the State possessed two or three
Xew School Books. I have just re
ceived all the duTcrent kindt of New School
Books required to be u-cd in this State, that
can now be found in San Erancisco. Also,
Slate pencils, Blotting pads, a good as
sortment of Stationery, Drawing paper,
CARD BOARD, Perforated board, Ink)
(Carmine, Purple and Black). Likewise a
new btock of Crockery, Clocks and a large
assortment of Lamp Chimneys, all of
which will be sold cheap for cash.
Grace Church, (Trot. Episcopal) Rev. T A
Ilyland Uuctor, Divino services every Sunday
at 10 a m and 7 r m; Sunday School at 1 p m
Congrogational Church, Rev A W Tenny
Pastor, .Divine services ovory Sunday at 10)
a Aland 7 p m; Prayer Meeting: every Thurs
day evening, Sunday School moots at 12 ji
Temple Iiodgre Xo. 7 A. F. & A. M.
Regular Communications first and third
Saturdays in each month, at 7 o'clock
p. m., at tho Hall in Astoria. Members
of tho Order in good standing are invitodto at
tend. By ordei of tho V. M.
Beaver Lodge No. 35, I. O. O.F.
NVfe- fcet every Thursday evening.
ni 7 rk'nlnrtl.- ; .aI1.)1 I.H,,..-,
"-s&y" hall, corner of Cass and Jefferson
'"" streets, Astoria. Members of tho
Order are invited to attend. By order, N. G,
T ADIES OF THE SPIRITUAL SOCIETY
JU of Astoria will liavo a
FASR, WITH SCE CREAM
On tho 23th and 2Gth. Admission free.
BST Also, a Social Dance on tho 27th. Tick
ets $2, including Supper. n20td
New and Socond-hand Furniture
Spring, Hair, Feather,
Alois, Wool, and Pulu Beds,
Blankets, Spread, Sheets,
Pillows, Pillow Cases, etc.
7T-S rv1 & T1C0 1'aid for
JHLlgJieSl; FyR22Ty RE I
Corner of Pirst and Taylor Streets,
Portland, Oregon. slG
GOOD SAMARITAN COMPOUND.
For Curing Rheumatism,
Sprains, Felons, Boils,
to tho parts affected; rub in well, and in
sevoro cases cover with thin cloth, tied or fas
toned on with care.
Warranted to euro, or greatly alleviate, in
all cases named in this label.
A tingle bottlo will cursor prevent days of
tho most oxeruciating pain, and not unfro
quently save the lifo of the suffering patient.
Price, $1.00 per Bottle.
J. WELCH, ASTORIA, Obbqqx,
FRANK FAB11E, at tho Central Market,
Portland, has enlarged his COFFEE stall,
and added such improvements as will enable
him to provide- Epicures with tho best in tho
Market Parties furnished with Hot Coffee on
short notice. Give tho Central Market Cofioe
Stand a trial ocltf
IIIE PARTNERSHIP heretofore existing
. between tho undersigned under the firm
name of liapgood, Hume & Co., doing busi
ness at Eagle Cliff, Wahkiacum county, V. T.,
is this day dissolved, by mutual consent.
A. S. 11APGUOD,
Eaglo Cliff, October 1st, lb7.,
THE UNDERSIGNED, (lato of liapgood,
, , .i!Hmo & C-), has established himself at
WATERFORD, Wahkiacum county. V.T..un
der the firm name of HAPGOOD A: CO., where
he will carry on tho business of packing fresh
preserved Salmon in tins.
n 1 m. . , A S- HAPGOOD.
Eagle-Cliff, October 1st, 157.
Post-office address: Eaglo Cliff, Wahkiacum
county, Washington Territory. nlfe .' t
J. Wlf. WELCH. FRANK nOBSO.V,
JAMES W. WELCH & Co.
Office at J. "W. Gcarhart's Store, Astoria.
ORDERS LEFT WITH MR. GEARITART
for any kind of Teaming, will be promptly
attended to. W ood of all kinds constantly on
hand. Orders solicited. oc itf
S. Gr. Skiclmore
Druggist and Apothecary,
Has Removed to his
NEW AND ELEGANT STORE,
111 First St., next to L. C. nenrichsen's,
BLACKSMITH AND TOOL MAKER and
manufacturer of of all kinds of
Plaining, Moulding, and Turning Tools,
Saws of all kinds Straightened and Ropaired,
and all kinds of SawTeuth made and repaired
and saws turned and straightened. Orders at
tended to promptly. H. THEN KM ANN,
aulbtf 10 Front st, Portland,
New Tobacco, Cigar and Not ion
59 Front st., Portland, Oregon,
(Opposito Cosmopolitan Hotel.)
Formerly connected with Wasserman & Co.,
Is now Opening
ONE OF THE LARGEST AND MOST va
ried assortments of Tobaccos, Cigars and
Yankeo Notions, over imported into this mar
ket, and takes pleasure in offering the same to
his old friends, customers, and tho trado gen
erally, at prices that defy competition.
ftfi, Elevon years business experience in
Portland, has mado him fully familiar with
the wants of tho trado of tho Northwest Coast,
and therefore his stock has been selected es
pecially for tho trade. au2Gtf
Fisiiel & BoTberts,
Corner First and "Washington Streets,
THE BEST VALUE
FOR THE LEAST MONEY.
Willamet Iron Works
Incorporated Sept. 14, 1SG5.
Cor. 2Torth Front and E sts., Portland.
P. FITTBOGEN, I PETER TAYLOE,
MO BHASS F001DEHS, BOILER HUQB,
General Machinists, and
FANUFACTURE and HAVE FOR SATR
. Hiorh and Low Pressuro AriT?nn nnr? Sta
tionery Engines and Boilers; Saw .Mills, Grist
luius, quartz, mining, ana Agricultural xUa
chinery, WATER "WHEELS of several pat
terns, equal to any imported, on hand and
made to order, of any size. REPAIRING of
Machinery and Roilors promptly attended to,
and executed with neatness and dispatch. The
Largest and REST STOCK OF PATTERNS
north of San Francisco. No charge for the use
of them. Agents for KNOWLES' PATENT
STEAM PUMP, the best in use. Also, Agents
for tho AMM0N1ACAL PREPARATION for
tho removal of Roiler scale, Df.Groot's Or
namkntai. Irox Fkxpe. a variety of boautiful
patterns for Cemeteries, etc. liouso Castings,
etc.. etc. JAMES LOTAN,
RAILROAD IIOUSE-J. McGrath, Propr.
Good meals, clean bods, moderate price.
Tenino, W. T., present terminus N P. K. R.
A. B. RICHARDSON. 31 -X. GILMAX-
A, , ijchardson,
A"UCT1NEER Corner of Front and CakPts.,,
lortland, Oregon. Auction Sales of Real
iistato, Groceries. General Merchandise asd'
Horses. Sales Wednesday and Saturday.
' iBJlriL-;ir?0 assortmont of Grocories, Lw
etc., at Private Sale. Liberal advancos r
A. R. RICHARDSON
Charles 8 Wright,
ATJCTIONEER-Cor of Main and Chenaratu
streets, Astoria. Good received on consign
ment and sold to thy highest bidtior.
AUCTIONEER-Ofuce 40 First st., Portland
PRANK J. TAYLOR,
Office Brown's Building. Special attention
given to the examination of titlo3and tho col
lection of debts. oc30tF
W. L. McEWAN,
II. B. PARKER,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,
i&r" Always Ready for Business.''-
HENRYS. A3 KEN,
A. YAN DUSEN,
DR. S. W. DODD,
PHYSICIAN A1ND SURGEON",
GEORGK II. DURHAM. II. Y. THOMPSON.
DURHAM c& THOMPSON,
Attorneys at Law, Portland.
Oflicc 100 Eirst Street, opposito Occidental
M. P. AIULKEY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW - Portland.
Ofiico in Pittock's Building, Corner .Front
and Stark sts., up Stairs). slii
CAPLES fc 3IORELAND,
Attorneys at Law, Portland, Oregon
Office in Pittock's Building, Corner of Front
and Stark streets, (up Stair3j. sl(
A. II. TOWNSKNP.
TOWNSEND & BEAL,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Qffick In Odd Fellows' Temple. nl5-
O. P. MASONT,
ATTORNEY' AT LAW,
ITST Land Cases and Titles a specialtyTKi
Dr. A. D. ELLIS,
PHYSICIAN" AND SURGEON
Office on Stark Street, Portland, Oregon
KRUMBLEN & GILBERT.
ARCHITECTS AND DRAUGHTSMEN,
Creo's Building Portland, Oregon..
rtrTho Best Counsel; tho Bot Dnroghs
men; tho Best Model Workmon, and best
Patent Agent at Washington; the only reliable
place to got your intentions put through ir,
George A. Pease,
Pacific Boot and Shoe Storey
Is now prepared to wait on his ousfcojaere,
At The Id Starn! Again S
S. "V. Corner First and Morrison Stscets,
P. J. MARTIN. EDTT. MABTIlt. D. V. B. HSXlIRtt..
E. HAErm & Co., ,
And San Franeisco CalifoTftkt.
Importers and Dealers in
Brandies, Wines, I Liquors
Proprietors of the Celebrate
MILLER'S EXTRA OLD B8URB! WRJ50T!"
Solo Agents for the
J. F. CUTTER WHISKY
HENNESSY AND CARTEL BKA2CDJESV
In Bulk and Case (bonded or duty jadtD,
AH Goods Pertaining to the frclfe.
0. S. ST. Co.'s Block, Portland,
oc2Stf 403 Front st, San Fracefcco..
OHEGOX BOQT AND SHOE STOBE!
S. JT. BARB, J, 0 KDtGHLEY.
BAKU & KINOSZJEY,
PRINCIPAL RETAILERS OF THE STA
pie brands of Eastern, California and Ore
gon Boots and Shoes, No. 135 irst street cor
ner Yamhill. Portland Oregon.
fiS" With our long experience and small ex
pense we aro enabled to sell cheaper than any
other houso in the city of Portland. As tho
proverb goes ?1 00 aared i 32 00 mads: Call
and see and give U3 your trade.
BARK A KINQ0L1Y.