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About Tri-weekly Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1873-1874 | View This Issue
ASTORIA, OBIGOI, JULY 17, 1813.
. . M
: . : r ' "
TUESDAY, THURSDAY AND SATURDAY,
Monitor Building, Astoria, Oregon.
I. CIREIiAKD '. Proprietor
Ono Copy one year- $3 00
Ono Copy six months 3 00
Ono Copy three months 1 50
eser Single Number, Ten Cents, "ffa
Advertising Rates :
Ono Insertion porsquare, 10 lines or less...$2 50
Each additional Insertion, per square 2 00
Yearly adv'ts per month, per square 1 50
L. P. Fisher, 20 and 21 Now Merchants Ex
change, is authorized to act as Agent for tho
Astoria.v in San Francisco.
Any friend who fools an interest in tho pros
perity of this region, is authorized to act as
Agent for this paper, in procuring subscribers.
Unity. Our correspondent at Unity
ommitted to enclose his letter. The en
velope came all right.
Cahoxdolet Table. Arrigoni has
added a splendid Caronddlet tahle to the
furnishing of the Occident wine room. It is
a great attraction.
Stave Bolts. The hark Pre Trade
is to load with stave holth, etc.; at Rai
nier and Scomoque.' A portion of the
cargo has "been received.
Catholic Pair. It has "been decided
hy the ladies connected with the Catholic
Church of Astoria to give a grand fair and
festival about the last of this month for the
benefit of the Church. .
Round Trip. The sloop W. H. Twi
light tailed yesterday from Astoria with a
cargo of salt for the Chinook fishery.
"When there she will take on a cargoof
Salmon for Portland, and will return from
Portland with a cargo of grain and flour.
Peaches, Presh peaches from Cali
fornia arrived hy the Ajax Tuesday. H.
B. Parker had a choice lot hut they went
off like hot cakes. He expects to receive
puch fruit as is going in the San Prancisco
market, hy every steamer.
Marriage. The first wedding to he
chronicled in the Astorian occured in
this city on the 14th hy Justice- If. B,
Parker. Hr. George Barr of Columbia,
and Miss Catharine Baltis of Clatsop coun
ty were the parties.
Good "Wood. The schooner Adelaide
discharged thirty-eight cords of excellent
wood for steam purposes on Plavol's wharf
Tuesday. It came from Wm. Lovetts'
camp, and one hundred cords more of the
same sort is to arrive, e
The Nehaleu Survey. The party
surveying the "Washington county, Ne-
halem valley and Astoria road were with
in seventeen miles of this city last Satur
day progressing very favorably with the
work. Thev will probably arrive in this
vicinity this week.
Musical Lessonb. Prof. ilcGibeny
is giving lessons in vocal music at the
Congregational church daily at 10 o'clock
a. M. to the children; and at 8 o'clock
p. m. to the adults. These lessons are not
for the benefit of any particular society or
person, but are free alike to all the citizens
of the town, irrespective of age, condition
or sopial jelation. "We understand Mrs.
McGibeny will join tho Professor here to
Postal Cards. At length the new
postal .cards have made their appearance
in this city, and can be found at the Post
office in packages of twenty-five each.
An article is going the rounds of the press
stating that postal cards originated with
the Prussians during their late war with
Prance. Ye have later reports. On the
25th of November, 1S63, Capt. Prank H.
Areline, company B. 12th Indiana, was
killed at Mission Ridge, and on the next
day, Col. FJ. D. Baldwin, now of this city,
then Major of the Regiment, while on the
march jbr the relief of Knoxville. "Wish
ing to inform the young man's parents of
1iU death wrote a dispatch on a piece of
a cigar box, gave it to an Orderly with
direction to dispatch it by telegraph 'from
Chattanoga, but the message was-put into
the mail, as it warf written, and strange to
tell reached its destinatioir at Port "Wayne,
where it is still to be seen, framed and
preserved as ja sad .memento of the .war,
by tlje.-Captains parents It was alsowthe
firt reliable news they hud trecei.y.edqf
tjie Xissjou Pidge battle.
ASTORIA AS A SHIPPIXG POIXT.
"We are pleased to" see, in the Portland
Bulletin of the 12th, an article referring
to the statistical report of our Chamber of
Commerce, published in another column,
frankly admitting that heavy vessels will
ultimately load at this port. "We think
there is not now more than one paper pub
lished in the State but coincides with this
view, and has publicly expressed them
selves in favor of such movement as will
secure for Oregon all the benefits to be de
rived from the most economical and sure
ways 8f controlling her own commerce.
The Bulletin article is as follews:
The Report on the Harbor and Shin
ping of the Port of Astoria, recently pub
lished, states that the greatest obstacle
vessels meet in ascending to Portland is
the " Hog's Back," six miles above Asto
ria, where there is but ten feet of water at
low tide. The argument that follows is
that the larger class of vessels, and especi
ally ships loading with grain, should nev
er attempt to load above this bar. That
the obstruction does exist at the place men
tioned is an undoubted fact. Vessels draw
ing sixteen to eighteen feet are often oblig
ed to wait at that point for the tide, and
most of tho vessels that have loaded with
grain have gone below this bar to com
plete their cargoes.
That heavy vessels will ultimately load
at Astoria there can be no question. Nor
will this be detrimental to Portland. The
commerce of Oregon would be injured
more by tryincc to force it over insupera
ble difficulties of nature, than by making
the best of the situation as it exists. Port
land can do all the business, can retain her
importance as a commercial center can
supply the capital and control the traae. It
will be more to her interest to load heavy
vessels at deep water where no difficul
ties will be encountered and the smallest
expense incurred, than to allow commerce
to be discouraged "by obstacles which can
in a great measure oe avoided.
The Messenger, published at Monmouth
Polk county, has this to say:
"We have never been able to understand
why Astoria should not become the prin
cipal port lor the whole Columbia valley.
The concentration of capital at Portland
has given it a prominence and an import
ance to which its position geographically
could never have entitled it. The present
movement is likely to'result in placing the
wheat for shipment at Astoria direct from
the warehouses along the Columbia, the
waiiamet, ana meir tnoutanes, tnus sav
ing cost and waste by handling.
Astoria has no questions to raise con
flicting with the interests of Portland our
belief is that united we stand, or divided
we fail to succeed in any enterprises, no
matter what the nature of them may be
but most especially in commercial affairs,
and the whole State suffers proportionate
losses on account of a surrender of this
ocean gateway to other points yet dimly
seen in the distance.
A mercantile firm in Albany doing a
heavy business in the grain trade, recently
received the following from Mr. Priedlan
der, the leading California grain buyer, in
response to questions touching upon the
subject of shipping direct via Astoria.
Mr. Priedlander says:
"Wheat at Astoria in warehouse on the
water front, where it could be placed on
board ship without expenses, ought to be
worth San Prancisco prices, less freight
and, insurance, both of which vary with
the season of the year, the abundance or
scarcity of tonnage, and charter of vessel.
You are sensible in putting your
wheat at Astoria.
It is far preferable to
Chinook Salmon. Megler & Jewett
are putting up 150,000 cans of Salmon
this season besides a larger quantity in
keg1?. They employ thirty men at Chi
nook. Cut Finished. The big hill cut on
Main street is now finished, and with a
trifle more improvement teams will be
able to pass entirely from Astoria to the
Young's Bay region.
Tame Elk. There are several live Elk
in this vicinity which are being tamed.
One owned by Hans Anderson of Neha
lem Valley, was sold last week to go to
San Prancisco, As soon as it can be broke
to lea'd it will be brought in apd' shipped.
Parmer's Company, - An election for
Directors in the Astoria Parmer's Com
pany, will take place in this city on the
Dth of August. In another column will
be found tho call for the -meeting. Sub
scribers to the stock are requested to be
present either in person or by proxy.
Arrivals. The 'Ajax arrived Tuesday
morning, and the bark Edward James
same day at 5 p. Mi both from SanTPran
ciscp. The steamship was only detained
a few moments, and the bark IcepV oh" Tier
co.ur&e. Both proceeded. toPtortland.
The iMerrimacitQok .tlie latter,in. tow .a
shoit distance above the city.
"Wall Street. James "W. "Welch has
commenced work on that portion of "Wall
street under improvement belonging to
Alderman Van Dusen.
Opposition. On the arrival of the
Annie Stewart last evening from Portland
quite a lively opposition sprung up between
the Varuna and Mary Bell, for Clatsop.
Pare was put down from two bits to noth
ing at all.
Admitted a Partner. Everybody
will be glad to hear that Mr.C. S. "Wright
has been admitted a partner in the busi
ness with Mr. G. Summers of this city.
Charley is a popular young man, and his
friends tiow greet him as Knight of the
Yard-stick and wish the new firm success.
Excursion. The steamer tug Varuna
with barge Annie Bell will give a free ex
cursion to Chinook and Scarborough Hill
to-day July 17th starting at 9 a. m. sharp
This will give an opportunity to those who
wish to see the Pishermen draw their
Seine and haul out the Salmon. Those
who are found of black-berries can pick
them near the landing.
Hay Press. A large hay pres3 for
Jacob Kamm's Claskanine Parm came up
by the Ajax. A portion of it was carried
on to Portland, in consequence of the
hurry to get oft' on a favorable tide with
the steamer, but as soon as it is all landed
here the Varuna will take it around to the
farm. It is of recent patent, very large,
and was made in Eastern manufatory.
Personal. A large number of pns
songers anived yesterday by the Annie
Stewart, Among them we notice Hon.
J. H. Mitchell and family; Hon. Phil.
"Wasserman and family; Hon. B. Gold
smith and family; George "W. Hoyt and
family; Mrs. C. H. Lewis and family;
Messrs Kohn, Lowenstein, and many
others who proceeded to .Clatsop last
OCCIDENT, Astoria, July 16, 1873.
Gov Ferry. Olympia. J. M. Bloomfield, Kala-
ma, J McGown, Chinook, E. F. Kearney, U. S.
Marshal, W. T., John O'Neil Portland, Judgo
Bronaugh Portland, H. G. Struve, Olympia,
Lawrence Kidd. Fred Hays, Dr. Glass, Port
land, lion. S. C. Vingard,Ulympia,J. L. Stout
Unity, W. B. King, Unity.
Movement of Vessels.
Following is a list of vessels on tho way to
this port, and a record of tho arrivals and de
partures up to date:
Barkontino Melanothon, from San Francisco
Brig Orient, from San Francisco, July 10th.
British bark Vesta, sailed from Livorpool,
British bark Shylct, Livorpool, via Victoria,
Schoonor , from Molbourno,
Barkentoon Orogonian, from San Franofcco.
British bark Oncata, 588 tons, McDowell,
from Tyno via Molendo and Callao, arrived
from Molondo at Callao 22d.
British ship Lorotta, 1,914 tons, from Tyno
via Callao. Sailed March 0th.
British bark Duncairn, Chambors, from
Tyno via Bombay, Arrivod at Bombay prior
to April 22d.
British bark George A. Holt, Norton, from
Wear via New Zealand, Sailed Dec. 20th, 1872
Passod tho Lizard Foburary (ith.
Sloop W H. Twilight, Portland July 17
Str Ajax, San Francisco , July 15
Str California, Sitka July 10 July 13
Bark Edward Jamos San Fran.. July 15,,.,,, ,
Bark Rival San Francisco July 12
American ship Confidence San Francis
co, 2din grain fioet 1878 July 12
Brig Koloa San Francisco July 12
Br ship Middlesex. London July 10..,,,,
Bark Garibaldi, Hong Kong Juno20.
Bark Forward ' Juno 23
Bk Hermino Livorpool Juno 29
Tide Table for Astoria.
July. A.M. P.M.
A. M. I'. M.
17 t..ti :)n
18 J J7
19 .) 00
20 10 12
21 11 Hi
..15 5ti - 0 40 0 40
..7 49L 1 44 1 5
..8 4-l 2 40 281
.. 41. 3 5J 3 31
10 355 o M7 4 SI
22 12 17 11 2-5J
... 17 ; 2i5
,.. 7 15 G 50
Notice to Pilots, (and Ship Masters).
Every Pilotor Ship Master who -shall bring in
to the port of Astoria any ship or vessel having
on board any persons or goods infected with
Small-pox, Cholera, Leprosy, or other conta
gious diseases, or which shall have had on
board any such infections during tho voyage,
or which he suspects, from tho bad sanitary
condition of tho vessel mayibo capable of pro
pagating disease, shall anchor such shit or
vessel bolOw Smith's Point, and give immedi
ate notice to the Health Officer In any viola
tions'of the foregoing regulations the law will
bo strictly enforced.1' S. ,Wj, BQ1)12, M. D
" ' f Health Officer, Astoria.
Letters from the People.
Astoria, July 15, 1873.
I find in. your columns of this date an
article over tho signature of Q, " Concern
ing Grain Shipments," that requires to be
treated as a somewhat eccentric lawyer
says they used to handle "bankrupts: by
holding them up hy the heels, " and shake
them until all the coin dropped out." The
only difference is that the bankrupt requir
ed shaking, while the article in question
has not sufficient texture to admit of the
Seriously,! am astonished beyond meas
ure, to find that any one hailing from As
toria should perpetrate so prurient an at
tempt upon a reading and thinking public.
Tho farmers of Oregon aro vory dosirons of
dovi?ing some moans which will enable them
to realio as much por bushel for grain as do
tho formers of California. It is argued that
wheat should command as much at Orogon's
soanoart as at San Franoiaco. and that tho
cause of its not doing so is tho location, of that
soaport. Wo will admit that the mouth of
tho Columbia river is a bottor plnoo for tho sea
port than tho mouth of tho Wallametrivor,but
it is not enough bettor to cover tho difforonco
in tho prices of wheat hero and at SanFranciso
Tho advantago of Astoria ovor Portland, ac
cording to tho roport in your paper, is four
cents per bushel.
From the reluctance of Q.'s admission,
as cited above, we see the whole drift of
his artiolo; namely, to belittle and discour
age the present attempt to inaugurate a
change of base in our exports, favorable
to tho producer and if possible stay the tido
of progressive thought and self depend
ance now setting in with such consuming
force and dignity among the laboring
But to the peint: Is four cents por bushel
the nett gain, or per centage, Astoria
holds over Portland, as an exporting har
bor. The report alluded to in Q.Ts letter
as showing four cents advantage, either
shows seventeen cents per bushel in favor
of Astoria, or nothing. It shows that the
average cost of bringing wheat from Port
land to Astoria in the class of vessels em
ployed in our carrying trade is four cents
It also slibws, beyond a peradventure,
that the cost of shipping wheat in the class
of vessels that can cross the bars of tho
Columbia and "Wallamet," is sixteen cents
per bushel more than in the larger class
of vessels that can aomc to Astoria. Six
teen and four are twenty cents in favor of
Astoria as against Portland. But there
must be deducted from this the cost of get
ting fijom Portland here by river trans
portation, a fair allowance for which would
be threo cents per bushel, thus leaving a
net gain of seventeen cents per bushel.
Either the above figures are all correct
or entirely at fault, and since their publi
cation in the early part of last month
there has been no question raised as to
their correctness, by either press or indi
viduals. "Wheat is worth as much in Astoria as
in San Prancisco, under the same circum
stances, that is with a demand for export
.that advances it beyond the priao far local
consumption. In support of this state
ment it is only necesj-ary to say that the
mouth of the Columbia river is as near
Liverpool, or any other European port
to which grain is likely to be shipped, as
is San Prancisco, computing sailing dls-.
tance. "Winds and currents even more fa
vorable for Atoria. The depth of water
on the bar is sufficient to pass the largest
vessel afloat, not excepting the Great East
ern. Thoporttentage of loss or damage on the
bar is less than one half that on the San
Pranoisco bar. The port charges at Asto
ria are much less than at San Prancisco.
So there is no reason why the English
buyers of wheat should not paj' as much
for the same grade in Astoria as they
w6uld in San Pranoisco. And they will
if Oregon places her surplus at this point,
for. sale in lots to suit that is, in large
The arrival of the ship Confidence from
San Prancisco in ballast, to carry away
our grain, has nothing to do with the
premises. Of course she would not " leave
a port where high rates were offered, and
a cargo read3, and came to this port in
ballast for les;- than fiye thouand dollar.
But was she afc a.nv Oriental pprt, and a
freight offered from, the Columbia river
or irom San pranci-co to Liverpool, com
ing in ballast to,( ei.th.er port,' there would
be no diUbren.ee iJ& hte charge 'in
other words, vessels can come to Astoria
in ballast for cargo as readily as they can
go to San Prancisco, or other ports. The
fact is that nearly half the shipping of the '
world goes in, ballast one-way.
A large per cent of the ships exporting .
grain from San Prancisco come in ballast,
or with just enough freight,for ballast.
The trouble will not be to get ships and
get them at reasonable rates, but it lies in
properly diffusing a knowledge of the fact
that cargoes are always obtainable at
Astoria, and that Oregon can produce a
sufficient surplus to load a thousand ships
annually. There is hardly a day in the
year that docs not mark the arrival of
from one to twenty ships in ballast at tho
Chinchas Islands, where there is never
less than two or three hundred waiting for
cargoes. Q. proposes to continue shipping
wheat to Sau Prancisco for the reason
that the coasters are owned by American
citizens while the. majority part of the
large vessels coming to our port are own-.
ed by foreigners. Is It better to pay com
to our coasting steamers and have them,
buy all their supplies in San Pranckcot
and pay their heaviest dividends in Kew
York, or give Englishmen the opportunity
to spend their money in our port. But
this is entirely foreign to the question.
The building of railroads; filling up,
the nooks and corners of tho State with
an industrious class of emmigrants, is all
very fine talk, but it cannot be done to
any purpose until this question of a fair
return for agricultural labor is settled, and
settled in favor of the farmer. The way
to make our imports balance our exports
if that is desirable, is to placo tho products
of tho soil in maket at the lowest possible
cost so that the -land will have a value,,
andthefarmor can afford to produce a
full crop. To make it more plain, give thc
Oregon farmer as-high a price for his ginin
as is paid to the California farmer, a:'ul
in two years the influx of population, an-i
accumulated wealth of the farming clas.
would make a demand for a greater p.jr
cent of imports as compared with our ex-,
ports, than is now required in California..
2s o, the Oregon wheat can bo moved at so.
nearly the cost of exporting from Califor-,
nia that there should be not more than
one or two cents per bushel difference, if
any, in price here and there. Q.'s whole
communication is a tissue of false position.,
calculated to deoieve, Let the farmers ,
stand by their own, and success will perch
upon their banners, notwithstanding
croakers, and San Prancisco ilerchants
doing business in Oregon ery: " let well
enough alone," Yours truly,
Plackp ox Pile.-A correspondent at
Port Stevens writes us a letter about th6
aiofis at the Astoria City Jail which it is
just as well nc4 to print. "We are not here'
to lend our columns to public exposure of
any man who may bo so unfortunate as
the person represented in the letter here
aliudecfc to; besides, we have no informa
tion to. settle the point to our satisfaction
that anybody has been ridiculed or slan
dered" on a provious occasion. The letter
is too severe, altogether, and would be
likely to damage A innocent person. "We
have ordered it placed on file.
Bay View House. Ono among the finest
retreats, tf0- ProjBo Coast for Summer vii-.
tors Is that region surrounding tho Day View
House, at Unity, presided over by John Hun-,
ter and his osthrwhlo wife late ofOystervillo.
Fjshing for Pogjoa and Flounders off the rocks
&m;d.st tho rtU of breakers, or Trout in tho.
Urpoka, digging Clams on tho weather beach.,
deer hunting or duck shooting, serf bathing.
or hoach driving, on a twenty mile stretch,
aro some of tuo sports to bo found there, it
will bo soon by the advertisement of Mr. lj.,
in anothor column, that pa-ongers and visit
ors are to bo well provided for this season.
The iew York Commercial, allucU
ing to the indifference and general
neglect of bank directors, relates a rei
mark able incident, which points its
own meral: A business man, irtepN
ing a friend, mentioned a rumor
afloat in the street affecting the credit
of another well, known bank ha
cashier of which, at a salary of $2,500,
is frequently conspicuous behind a
four-4n-hand team. n Central Park,
and is otherwise notorious for l fast11
ways 'You thinc the bank uiiti
safe'?" "I do j gtock down to SO.1
"Not bes to deposit then, I suppose?"
"I should not do so." I am hiucli
obliged to you fgr the hint; I am.
a director qi thdlfcmkj" "