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About Wallowa chieftain. (Joseph, Union County, Or.) 1884-1909 | View This Issue
WEATHERS ft ALIEN, Publishers
King Edward's Income is $3,000,000 a
year. A royal flush.
Do the wires of the night riders sit
tip and wait for them?
People In Germany should carry um
brellas. It seems to be raining balloons
A man while trying new boots on in
a store fell and broke bis leg. Must
have been a pretty slippery customer.
It takes all kinds of people to make a
world. Including the medical expert
who advises women to learn to smoke.
now In the world could we ever re
turn the compliment In proper form If
Japan were to send her fleet over bvre?
There Is one advantage In looking
for the north pole. Iu the face of the
gravest danger one can always keep
The kaiser declares the British are
ungrateful. Does the. kaiser know any
nation whose besetting sin Is grati
tude? The French premier says that the
Duke of the Abruzzl will honor himself
by taking an American bride. , That" s
the way to talk.
"We should move according to
curves," states a Los Angeles physician.
When avoiding an automobile, how
ever, It Is well to flee In a straight
The autumn bonfire smells better
than the spring bonfire, but nobody
likes It better. The spring bonfire car
ries with it a suggestion of resurrec
tion and hope.
John D. Rockefeller says he despises
the man whose only desire Is to get
money, money, money and more money.
John D. has been lighting for years to
keep the people from paying him so
much for his oil.
Mr. Rockefeller says that he was
first attracted to Mr. Archbold by see
lug his name on a hotel register writ
ten thus: "John D. Archbold, $4 a
Bbl." Mr. Archbold's barrel Is worth
a dollar or two more than that to-day.
A Philadelphia heiress alleges that
she went through a mock marriage
with an American for the purpose of
keeping her parents from purchasing a
foreigner with a title for her. We can
hardly believe her story Is true, be
cause it Is reported that ber mother
has forgiven her.
President Garfield's son has succeed
ed Mark Hopkins' son as president of
Williams College. It was Garfield who
said that "Mark Hopkins on one end
or' a log and a student on the other is
a college." Dr. Harry Garfield began
at the right end of the log and is now
worthy to hold his seat on the wise end
The special commission which the
president appointed to Investigate the
conditions of farm life has adopted the
simple and straightforward plan of ask
ing the farmers themselves what the
matter Is. Three hundred thousand
farmers will receive n list of questions
which will enable them to state all their
grievances. That In Itself Is something,
'or human nature loves to "kick."
What chance has a young man to
rise In the employment of a largo cor
poration? Is a question frequently
asked. Of course it depends largely on
the young man ; but according to a
statement recently sent out by the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, C7 of
the 85 principal oflieers of the company
started at the bottom and worked up.
A fact like this Is worthy many vol
nmes of theorizing on the subject.
The present newspaper policy of
keeping the public posted on the acts
of evil doers has come about because
it has been In the interest of society.
There are a lot of persons who think
that the world Is much worse than it
used to be, because there Is so much
more criminal news reported, forgetting
that they did not formerly know what
was going on and were sublimely bliss
ful in their Ignorance. The publica
tion of crime Is not only a deterrent to
law-breaking, but it Is a constant warn
ing to citizens to be on the outioon..
Burglars and thieves do not like to
have their business advertised.
with Phoebe Carys "One Sweetly Sol
emn Thought," and with other hymns
that nave struck a sympathetic not lu
the hearts of the people.
A prominent lumberman who has ex
pressed his views to members of a con
gressional committee apjiears to think
that there Is an unnecessary scare over
the destruction of timber. He speaks
of prophecies of annihilation that wep
made years ago and that have not been
fulfilled, says that the greatest danger
is not from cutting but from forest
fires, and given assurances as to the
future by declaring that there is an
Immense stock of tinil)er in the far
West. Against his feeling of confidence
and unconcern we may set the esti
mates and opinions recorded In a re
cent publication Issued by the govern
ment It says that we are now cutting
timber at the rate of 5H) feet board
measure a year for every man, woman
and child In the country, whereas in
Europe they use only t!0 board feet.
"At this rate In less than thirty years
all our remaining virgin timber will
be cut. Meantime the forests which
have been cut over are generally in a
bad way for want of care ; they will
produce only inferior second growth.
We are clearly over the verge of a
timber famine." The opinion does not
settle the question, and the estimates
vary greatly, but there are convincing
signs of the need of conservation. The
public has conclusive evidence of a de
pletion of the supply In the very mark
ed advance of prices. Within a short
period builders' estimates on frame
buildings Increased by 50 per cent, and
the cost of materials was an important
If not the only cause. In that inex
haustible West to which the lumberman
refers there are thousands of denuded
acres where there were once splendid
forests. Part of the timber, it is true,
has been wisely used, but there has
been much waste and no conservation.
The land is deserted and shunned and
held of no value. Fire, of course. Is
an awful scourge, but while we are on
the subject of waste let us turn again
to the brief for the government : "Pres
ent wastes In lumber production are
enormous. Take the case of yellow
pine, which now heads the list In the
volume of annual cut. In 1007 It Is
estimated that only one-half of all the
yellow pine cut during the season was
used, and that the other half, amount
ing to 8.000,000 cords, was wasted.
Such waste Is typical." The waste can
be prevented where Intelligent care Is
used, and the experience of other coun
tries proves that forest land which is
practically abandoned can be made to
Julia Fletcher Carney, author of the
poem, "Little Drops of Water," Is dead.
How many men uud women of the pres
ent generation who know the verses by
hear.t could have named the author?
The popularity of the poem probably
outran every dream of the New Eng
land school-teacher when she wrote it.
"Little Drops of Water" has or cer
tainly had a place In every first reader,
and in most of the Sunday school song
books. It is known all over the English-speaking
world, and it has been
translated into many foreign tongues.
It Is hard to analyze It and to disc-over
Just what It Is that gave it Its amazing
popularity. Its simplicity wou a recog
nition for it denied to thousands of
more ambitious poems. Mrs. Carney,
then Miss Fletcher, wrote "Little Drops
of Water" sixty-three years ago. it
lias had a long lease of life and It will
live for years to come. It has a olaee
ANTI-HORSE THIEF CLUBS. '
Nov Social Orjranlaatton In Kanaiu
with Protective feature Retained.
The thief who In the early days In
Kansas stole a horse took away the
farmer's most valuable possession, says
the Kansas City Star. Horse stealing
came to be an offense punished by hang
ing. Farmers throughout the State or
ganized themselves for protection. That
was the beginning of the Anti-Horse
In late years the A. II. T. A. has be
come almost a social lodge, but the pro
tective feature has not disappeared.
Last year two bank robbers broke oien
a safe in Osawatoinle. The alarm was
spread after they were a few miles out
of town and the A. H. T. A. made tele
phone wires warm In every direction.
Farmers with shotguns patrolled all the
roods. The thieves were captured be
fore they bad gone five miles.
Two weeks ago Osawatoinle, Kan.,
which has a population of about 3,."'iO,
held an anti-horse thief picnic. More
than C.OOfl persons attended. A parade
of horsemen in double file on the way
to the picnic grounds was ten blocks
long. First came the band, then a
squadron of young women In cowboy
A small boy led a horse on which was
a dummy with a noose around Its neck.
Except for that the event was as soc!:il
as Kansas spirit could make It. Lodges
from Miami, Franklin and Linn coun
ties took part
Other Cltlen Spoil Walter.
"It really is surprising how careless
a waiter becomes when he leaves New
York," said a leading hotel man In the
Belmont to a New York Herald re
porter. "I had occasion to visit one
or two Important western cities this
month and there saw several head
waiters whom I had known as excellent
men In New York. They had come from
Paris thoroughly trained and under
stood the niceties of perfect service,
perfect dining-room discipline and the
correct appearance and bearing a wait
er should have.
"In the leading hotel of a large city
In the middle west, not best to nnm
I found the head waiter seated in t
corner, scribbling when I entered
dining-room. He did not move, but
tracted the attention of a waiter n
jerked his thumb over In mv directs
I then noticed that the waiters were
lounging about some of them with slnv.
untied, others with trousers lurned up
nnd some with hands in their coat pock
ets. "For personal amusement I sent my
card to the head waiter and there was
Instant change in the whole room. He
explained that the city was very demo
cratic. No wonder that hotel men from
Chicago, Boston, Pittsburg, and else
where call New York hotel men
cranks' and overexactlng. If we were
not this would not be the leading hotel
center of America."
Opinions of Great Papers on Important Subjects
LTHOUGH many automoblllsts look upon
I being convicted of violating the speed laws
A k I as more or less a Joke, nevertheless, if they
..t.. H..ntl...1 K.. w.rfi 1 BarlitnmiMia ft U nrllll-
LUJ1J , till I i iiitr nui ... . iiinuii. "
I mil record against their names, possibly
there would be fewer violations of the law
In this respect. To be convicted of operat
ing an automobile faster than the law allows means that
the person convicted possesses a criminal record. Of
course, bis record of criminal conduct does not ordinarily
speaking, stump hliu as a person not fit to associate with
others; nevertlif less, circumstances may easily arise lu
the future where It would be of value to him to be able
to eay that he had never lieeu convicted of any crime.
For example, if he should ever be put on the witness
stand to testify lu a civil Rult, either as a party to or a
witness, he may be asked if he was ever convicted of
any crime. If he had ever been convicted of over
speeding, he would be compelled to answer the question
under oath In the affirmative, and his reply could be used
to Impeach his testimony ns a witness. The Jury may
discredit his evidence, and upon argument of counsel
the conviction against hi in may be used. It Is the am
bition of every true-nilnded American citizen to have a
clean and clear record, especially free from criminal con
duct. To violate the automobile law constitutes a mis
demeanor, a crime, and having been convicted of violat
ing the law, the offender has a criminal record. The
WHAT MAKES A NAVY.
H1LE the maritime nations of the eaith are
A T I striving for the mastery of the seas througli
fyj I the building of gigantic vessels, we may
' 1 ..... - .... ,.At ...... ...1,1. !. .1 ,1....
ITJliltui uutrnt-s Willi- Llir Illinium I11IIL
here we have the men and the spirit that
makes for victories. Sincerely It is to be
hoped thaT It will be long ere we sin 11
be called upon to test our prowess against these latest de
velopments in naval architecture, but if the time does
come we can comfort ourselves with the retlectlon that
a gathering of ships does not make a nnvy now, as al
ways, It Is the man behind the gun. Washington Herald.
WOMEN'S ABOMINABLE HATS.
T Is time to say another word or two about
the shockingly ugly and offensive hats of
the supposedly well-dressed women. The
fall hats are worse than ever. They have
1 greatly increased the pains and penalties
J of metropolitan life, as they not only offend
the vision, but they interfere with "personal
When the woman who wears one of the In-
e hais to the theater, and reluctantly removes It
curtain Is rising, she places it on her lap, but it
also the laps of the persons on eaeh-slde of her.
of these happens to be a solitary man, and there
is another woman with the same kind of a bat on the
other side of hlni. he won feels that he might as well
have been born a turtle.
The hats are not handsome; their shapes are abom
inable, especially those of the inverted footbath form.
No woman looks well in one. In fact, they lend the ef
fect of immodesty, if not indecency, to the most Innocent
countenance. In order to set them off properly the
wearer must stick huge quantities of false hair ou her
poll. The most unsophisticated man knows that the hair
Is false uud dislikes the effect. Why do supposedly self
respecting, well-bred women so disfigure themselves, of
fend the artistic eye, and make nuisances of themselves
lu public places? New York Times.
HALLWAY ACCIDENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN.
HE general report on railway accidents in
the United Kingdom for the year 1907 bas
1 I been published as a bluebook. In all, 1,117
I . l.UA CU11 lnliiTu4 hv
jiiti Dvua irio ftiucu auu ivjuim
accidents due to the running of trains or
the movement of railway' vehicles, as
against the average for the previous ten
years of l.lt0 and G.7C5, respectively. The outstanding
feature of the report Is the great Increase In non-fatal
injuries, which has mnlnly occurred In the cases of ac
cidents to railway servants. This state of affairs is,
however, in great measure due to the more regular re
porting of non-fatal accidents to railway servants, en
forced by the Board of Trade of December, 1000, in
which a more comprehensive definition of disablement
bas heeu adopted. It is also noted that the number of
railway servants has Increased by 40,000 between 1904
and V.XYi, and that a considerable number of accidents
occurring In goods sheds and warehouses previously re
turned sis factory accidents have been Included In the
'Board of Trade returns for the last year. Loudon Spectator.
PAY TEACHERS BETTER.
HE scarcity of teachers of women teach-
ATX- lu I.,- fl. f, .. 1, t 1 I..
H no ia uui ill-: lui luui muivlllg Ul Ultj IU-
1 fluence which sent men out of this pro-
itssiun. r or women, too, are nnuiug great
er rewards In business life. We know of
women teachers who have, in the summer
vacation, equaled their salaries by taking
up a busiiiess venture temporarily. Such experience
means a surrender of teaching to-morrow. Moreover,
the preparation for teaching runs through three years
nt least to take out training school requirements. And
then the salary Is $i0 for ten months. Whereas the Ste
nographer, after six months' study or less, can command
f40 for twelve months, and In three years, If she has
merit, ha out-topped the highest salary schedule of the
local teacher. If the cities Intend to maintain a school
system which shall serve, the people must pay the teach
ers salaries somewhat similar to those commanded iu
the business world. St. Paul Dispatch.
PLANKING FREIGHT SUBWAY.
3 i r
' 1 Jnn."ll'L i -7 '-r'--i-t- xxtiu, , u.'lai.'-'!' Mf
NEW FREIGHT SUBWAY RUN UNDER THE SIDEWALKS OF NEW
At a cost of $ 100,000,0)0 another stupendous subway system is to be
instructed under the teeming streets of New York. Tile subway will be
constructed along the East and North rivers, from the Battery to CUth street,
md with crosstown lines. In addition to the main subway station there will
be branch lines running beneath the sidewalks In the downtown sections. Mer
chants can load their goods on the freight cars that will run through con
nections with their basement lloors. It will then be possible for a Broadway
merchant to ship a box of me;ehandise from the basement of his establish
ment to any ioint in the world.
The new freight subways will have connections with all of the railroads
and incoming freight will be distributed under the sidewalks direct to the
men-hauls' basement. It is proposed to use ten-ton cars In the new bore and
the motive power will be electricity.
There are a good many things a man
would like to buy a dime's worth of,
but can't get without taking the whole
WHY HE WROTE HOME.
Although Harold Moody could not be
said to be making his fortune In the
city, lie was at least earning his living.
During the first few weeks or so his
letters home, while frequent enough,
did not show any traces of longing to
lie back. Now, nearly half a year later,
ho wrote much more often, and through
the fortnight before Christmas the
postman brought to his mother or fath
er almost dally an envelope addressed
in his clear hand.
"I wonder why Harold writes so
often now?" said his mother one even
ing to her husband, who was rereading
the last letter from their son.
"Lonely. I guess."
"I shouldn't think he'd be lonely,"
said the woman. 'To be sure, he doesn't
know more than one or two people be
sides Cousin Agatha, but he's so busy
during the day in the ollice, and likes
to read so well In the evenings that I
don't see where be has the time to be
Her husband looked up at last from
tne letter, rolded It carefully, and
placed it In the envelope which he
thrust back Into his breast pocket.
"letB figure it out, Dorothy," he
said. "I've been there, you know, and
I can tell Just about how he
"He's a shy boy. and a ennt i
know, so there's lots of i.n 'nn.L
nients. as they're called, which he
uoesn l go near.
"First thing In the moraine ho vni.
up. There isn't anybody to wake him
vxtxpi an alarm clock remember his
letter about how it went off ton pi,i
Then he has to get his breakfast at a
restaurant, alone there isn't un
boarding house that's any good, he
sajs. ur course he reads the paper
while he's eating, but a pnper Isn't
much for real company.
At the office he says eood mnmin.
to half a dozen people, but most of tha
daytime he works alone. Did you ever
siop io mime tnat women talk or
u ioi wime tney work? I don't sup-
i ley co in ottices, come to think
of It No, of course not
"Well, he's alone all day. Sits or
walks in the park after lunch. hp ,,..
and gets some fresh air. Takes n wait
after ollice. and gets dinner somewhere
"There's a young man whn ivw.
across the hall from him that he eats
witn sometimes, when he can ant w
early enough. After dinner he can
read, or go to the theater, or go to
a concert, or go for another walk
Mr. Moody paused and stole a glance
ai cub wire. She was sewing furl
."Or he can go and call on Cousin
Agatha. If she's In," lie added. "At
least, that's the way he's spending his
time if he's like me. No wonder he
"I'm so sorry I made fun " begnn
"Bless you," said her husband. "I
was putting It Just the hardest way.
It's bound to be like Unit for a while
maybe a year. But It's good for him
as it was for me. I kind ,of guess
that, as long as It was best for him
to go to the city, he'll come out nil
right. Then there's that young man
that lives across the hall, you know.
He may multiply suddenly. It's a way
FACT8 IS TABLOID F0&1L.
Army's Aew Murchliiu .Shoe. "
The new marching shoe for the arm.
has been manufactured and Is to be
tried nt one of the Western posts where
there Is a large force of troons. the
members of the military command rep-"
resenting naturally a variety of shape
and sizes of feet. By this means it
will be possible to ascertain whether
the different sizes of the new! army
snoe will meet all the demands likely
to be made upon it by those of the mili
tary service. Great care has been
taken in the development of this new
marching shoe, which is of the russVt
type, with a top not so high as that of
the old marching shoe. There are fev
er lacing holes, nnd these are of'a size
which will easily admit of lacing. The
shoe is made on n Inst which gives the
greatest freedom for the foot, helnir
of square toe and of a shape which
nas, oy inquiry, been found to renro.
sent the greatest comfort to the
In walking. There bas been much crit
icism of the army marching shoe, espe
cially from those on duty In the Phil
ippines, where there Is a good deal of
walking to be done, and some of the
marching Is over the roughest
The changes which have been made
emuoay tne suggestions which have
come to the war department from va
rious sources, and It Is believed that
tne objections which have been made
nave Deen completely obviated.
One needs patience to succeed as a
teacher of the young, as this brief dia
logue. In ne of our elementary schools
mny show :
Scholar Fve left home now, ma'am
I'm living with my auntie.
Teacher What's her name? ,
"She's called after me Fanny."
"Yes, but what's her other name?"
"She has no other."
"But what does the woman next door
"She doesn't speak to the woman
Those who mourn every new fool
tnshlon are hereby notified to get out
the crepe. The women are wearing
their hair banged
In point of geographical elevation
Madrid is the highest city in Europe.
Much Canadian lumber goes to Chin-.
largely for railroad construction.
A decided reduction of tariff rates
goes into effect in Denmark, January l.
The total number of sailing vessels t
In tha urnrlri la ilmtl.lA th.t n t
ill tuw n - -.u u u u ... II1UI VI BIC11QJ.
The average number of deaths
through railway accidents in Holland
Is one a year.
The city of Milwaukee has almost
abolished the use of horses in all mu
Tattooed portraits of the last tir
French presidents were found on the !
skin of a burglar named Bertln arrest-
ed In Paris.
Two million dollars will be spent in
improvements on the great steel plant
of the United States Steel Corporation
at Enisley, Ala.
A 1,000-horsepower vertical gas en
gine, said to be the largest of its kind,
was recently put into operation at Run
corn, England, driving an electric gen
erator. Milwaukee Free Press.
The proposed American exposition to
be held in London next year has been
thoroughly organized and special efforts
are being made to secure exhibits from
the western part of this country.
Although there are only eighteen flags
used lu the International code of sig
nals which Is used by warehlps and
merchant ships all over the world, they
can be made to represent no fewer than
20,000 distinct signals.
The Welland canal, which connects i
Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, la twenty-
seven miles long. It was begun in 1824 i
and completed In 1833. Its original di
mensions have been greatly enlarged,
and there is now a depth of fourteen
Prof. Frederick Starr, anthropologist
at the University of Chicago, has been
made an ollicer of public instruction
under the French government. The con
sul explained that this was one of the
highest honors In recognition of hit
work in Mexico.
The winter of 1C58 was a hard one
in Europe. Charles X.- of Sweden
crossed on the Ice the Little Belt, the
strait between Fuuen and the Peninsula
of Jvtland, with his whole army foot
horse, baggage and artillery. The riv
ers in Italy bore heavy carriages.
According to the accepted authorities
there are 3,424 spoken languages in the
world tolay; or, perhaps, it would be
more accurate to say dialects. Of this
number 037 are Asiatic, 587 European,
270 African and 1,024 American. By
far the greatest number of these bx.
long to savage and semi-savage tribes
and nations. -
France's Society for the Prevention
of Cruelty to Animals has taken actiou
against a cinematograph company or
an act of unprecedented brutality to s.
horse. In a series of pictures called
"The Lover's Revenge," a carriage
drawn by a horse was seen to rush over
the edge of a cliff nnd be dashed to
pieces. The pictures had not been
faked. On old blind horse harnessed
to a carriage was really driven over
the edge of the cliffs near Boulogne to.
, The work of compiling a great tech
nical dictionary, which wus begun un
der the auspices of the Association of
German Engineers, has been abandoned
on account of the great cost, which, it
was discovered, would be four times
greater than originally contemplated.
There Is great need of Just such a dic
tionary as was proposed In nil the arts,
sciences nnd crafts, and the decision of
the German engineer will be heard with
regret by workers all over the world.
The Journal of the American Medi
cal Association has the fol.jwlng:
"Modern civilization furnishes no bet
ter example than this of the possible
victory over pestilence nnd disease,
when the warfare is carried on In the
light of modern scientific knowledge.
The building of the Panama canal and
the sanitary record of the Japanese In
their war with Russia are the two great
object lessons of recent years, demon
strating that men can neither work nor
fight to the best advantage unless pro
tected from infection and preventable
One of the great railroads to the Pa
cific coast Is perfecting "plans for a for
est of eucalyptus trees In San DIcgfr
county, Calif., from which to obtain a
steady supply of crosstles. A ranch of
,8,000 acres has been purchased for this
purpose, and as a start COO acres will
be planted. It Is estimated that In
eighteen years the company will be able
(to harvest from six to eight ties to t
itree, and keep up the harvest thereafter
continually. At present the system
uses about 3,000,000 ties annually. Iu
eighteen years the company thinks It
will be able to obtain from its forest
Money circulates In Mexico from
pocket to pocket Almost every Mexi
can in professional or business life car
ries on his person anywhere from $200
to $5S00. Even the poor Indian In his
blanket can more than likely produce
i greater sura than the average travel-
. It was but a few days ago, accord
ing to observers, that oue Mexican of
the middle class asked another In a cas
ual way if he could change a $1,000
bill. The other pulled out a wallet
from his Inside pocket and counted out
nearly $2,000. Time after time this
happens, and it Is regarded as no un
common thing for a Mexican of the
middle class to carry between 1,000 and
2,000 pesos on his person. - -