Ltv Official Paper.- City Official Taper..- 7Wfi REPRESENTATIVE NEWSPAPER OF WALLOWA COUNTY IL.XVIII.NO. 36. a I I III Spring i 19 llfiM iESMlSSY Regpsctfnllj jours, E. M, & M. CO. ksy Big Store ENTERPRISE, OREGON. MAY 8.1902. WHOLE NO- IM? REPUBLICAN PLATFORM Republican Statement of Princi ples and Policy. Following the Republican plat form in full, as adopted at Portland on Wednesday, April 2nd, by the State Republican Convention: The Republican party of Oregon, in State Convention assembled, proud of its record and past history, its devo tion to the priniples of human liberty and human rights, its great and im perishable names which lend luster and glory to the American Nation at home and among the nations of the earth, and as an assurance of its con tinued fidelity to the great principles for which it has contended in the past in state and national affairs, does hereby make and affirm the following declaration of its principles: The events of the late war with Spain carried us into the Philippine Islands. We hold it to be consistent with the principles of libierty and of our national life and the soverignty of the United States should be maintain ed it the islands, under such local self government as the people may be, or may become, fit to participate in. We therefore declare against all pro posals looking to the retirement of the United States from the Philippine Islands. That in the war which President Roosevelt has inaugurated against the gigantic combinations of incorporat ed capital he has the united and en thusiastic support of the Republican party of Oregon, We demand and insist upon the passage of the bill now pending in Congress for the exclusion of Chinese, known as the Mitchell-Kann exclus ion bill. We reaffirm our allegiance to the principles of protection in necessary cases of industries still in their infan cy or unable to compete with foreign productions. We recognize the right of labor to organize and combine for mutual pro tection under the law, and we recom mend that the legislature enact neces sary legislation to protect labor in all its rights and privileges. In the in terest of American labor and the up building of the workingman as the corner-stone of the prosperity of our country, we recommend that Congress create a Department of Labjr in charge of a Secretary, with a seat in the Cabinet. We demand that a law be passed by the next legislature placing all public officers of this state upon reas onable salaries, which shall not be in creased during the incumbent's term of office, and beyond such salary they shall receive no coinpensatiofn as fees or otherwise. In order to promote the develop ment of the mineral resources of the state, we are in favor of the crea tion and maintenance of a mining bureau by the state. ' We declare our approval and sup port of the suggestions of President Roosevelt for the irrigation of the arid lands of the country. This work should be undertaken by the United States as soon as possible, and carried forward on a consistent plan under direction of the general Government. We urge onr representatives in Con gress and Senators to use every effort to secure the speedy opening of the Columbia river between the Dalles and Celilo, and for clearing the river of all obstructions to navigation from its mouth to the head of navigation. We urge also renewed and continued effort for improvement of our coast harbors and streams within the state, and the speedy construction of an isthmian canal. That the public lands are the herit age of the common people and should be held in trust for the use and benefit oall the people under the homeatend laws. We are therefore unalterably oposed to all plans, schemes or propo sition for leasing public domains, eith er to indivurools or to corporations. . We favor 4 policy by the state and the United States Fhich shall further foster ad support our. fisheries, and we request the Legislature to epact such further measures as may le found by experience necesary to obtain this result. We demand and insist upon the im mediate passage by Congress of the United States of the oleomargarine bill known as the new Grout bill, now pending in the Senate. That we favor the proposed amend ment to the State constitution provid ing for the initiative and referendum, and reemmend its adoption by the people of the state. We declare our aproval of the prin ciples of the primary law enacted by the Legislature at the session of 1901, and we ask the Legislature to extend this law so that in its main features it may apply to primary elections in all election precincts throughout the state. And we further recommend the election of United States Senator by popular vote. Ready-Made Homes Out West. The telegraphic dispatches an nounced recently that seven thousand honieseekers, traveling on colonists tickets, passed through Minneapolis in one day. They were bound for the Dakotas, Montana, Wyoming, Wash ington and Oregon. The passenger departments of the Santa Fee and Southern Parific railroads recently estimated the number of people who came to California this season on col onists' tickets at 33,000, an increase of twenty per cent over the number last year. Traffic managers of West ern and Southwestern railroad lines have evidence to convince them that during the season last past over a million Americans went homeseeking Westward from the Eastern and Mid dle States. Every State and Terri tory west of the Missouri river has received some portion of this horde. And there is every reason to believe that the tide of htomeseekers is not ebbing, and that it will continue to inundate the West for at least a de cade, rising year by year in its strength. This twentieth century hegira diff ers from any other movement of American population in many inter esting and important wavs that are worthy of the sociologist's considera tion. In the first place these homescekcrs are not foreigners. They are men and women of good, wholesome Middle States American blood and tradition: farmers, mechanics, merchants, small capitalists and young men of parts, going West to grow up with the country. They are not poor. They have sold out their farms and busi nesses in good times at good prices, and have left good jobs at good wages. It is not a hard-times movement. The old-time mover went by wagon in most miserable estate. The mover today goes in the tourist sleeper, takes his meals at the lunch counter, and buys his magazines of the train butch er. The old settler came to his prom ised land with four dollars in his pocket and a pair of mules hitched to his wagon. The new settler conies with a pink draft and a letter to the banker at his new home. And herein lies the great difference between the old colonist and the new: the new colonist is not a pioneer. lie has neither wild lands, wild animals, nor wild men to fight. He is going into a settled community. The land has passed from the homesteader to the mortgage company and back to the farmer; the county seats have all been located and the court houses oaid for; railroads have been built and everything on earth for which bonds may possibly be votes! has been put in and retained or discarded. The scalawags who always rise When a new country settles have been combed out lefore this year's settler comes to his new home, and the boomer and breed er of wild-cat schemes have been care fully shut up in jail ot driven farther West. The million colonistt who move from East to West this year will find social conditions somewhat similar, in then new1 homes, to those in the homes they left. Land is a little cheaper in the West; wort1, far the unskilfed a little better paid; jcrbs ferupcfMendeirtr atrtf generaPrrfott-' agers a UitWrirore numerous; bfpir.'eis opportunities a little easier to grasp with small capital; economic condi tions a little less "set." But those are the only differences now between the Far East and the Far W,st, and the new colonist who goes West to grow up with the country will find it already half grown. And his discov ery is to his advantage. For the West i? no longer in the ex periment stage. The people out there know a large number of things now that they cannot do. To know this has cost many lives and much treas ure. And the new colonist is the ben eficiary of this pioneer expenditure. For instance, they know now that they can't raise corn in Eastern Colo rado or Western Kansas and Nebraska or the two Dakotas. Rut it took hundreds of millions of dollars to find this out. The new settler there will plant his alfalfa and Kaffir corn and sorghum and grow his white-face steer and be wise. Also, he won't annmil tn j i - the East for aid as the boon settlers had to do when the drought came, for the new crops are drought-proof. The whole West today is on a payinir basis. And the twentieth century homeseeker will be one of the few honieseekers in the world's history who will go into his new ready-made home welcomed by the resident popu lation, with no obstacles of language, climatic condition or political tradi tion to overcome, and with nothing to do but to hang his coat on a nail and go to work. It will be worth while to observe if these new homcseekers make as uood citizens as the pioneers who had hard sense knocked into them by a thous and battles with averse circumstances. But this much is certain: the new comers will never have the fun the old settlers had. William Allen White, in Saturday Evening Post. Additional Locals. Alva Cray was up from Lostine Wednesday repairing the Joseph tele phone line. Henry Miller, candidate for county treasurer ou the Democrotic ticket starttd for the Paradise country Tues day. J. W. Emmons was in from his sheep camp in the Mud creek country lant Saturday and brought in all kinds of reports from the bear hunt ers, Mrs. C. H. Zurcher and Miss Mary Mary Zurcher started this morning for Monmouth, Polk county to spend the summer with Mrs. Zurdier's par ents, Mr. and Mrs. II. Best. A Democratic exchange says Wal Iowa county will give Chamberliii 10O majority. If lie hud put the name of Furnish in where Ciiainbeilin is, ami 2 instead of the 1, it would have beej a lietter guess, The farmers are about through put ting in the largest acreage of crops ever sown in the county, but all that can be raised will be needed to feed the miners and honieseekers that are nocking into the country. Randall Boswell and family arrived in town Sunday from Sumpter and are living in the house recently occu pied by Vinton Hart. Randall is now one of the proprietors of the Boswell livery stable. The firm will lie known as Boswell & Son. Harry Chenowith came in from the "Garden of Eden" country Tuesday. "Promise Land", "Garden of Eden" and "Paradise," what Heavenly nantes the localities in the northern part of this county do have, but no doubt they all deserve them. C. V. Meek, Republican candidate for county assessor, was in town Mon day. Mr. M. says he has been too busy to do much electioneering, but will highly appreciate the support of his friends at the com'ng election. Mr. Meek was One of the beBt com missioners this county ever had, and no doubt would be just as faithful and efficient as county assessor.' The office is surely one of the most import ant to the taxpayers, and Mr. Meek's experience ia nil kinds of business will make h'is services particularly valuable.'- SnrCfy tftf tetter1 -nirh" for the Hire could have lnjn, nominated'. Read what Smith, the photograph er, has to say in his ad this week. George Mark, cashier of the First Bank cf Joseph was in the city Tues day afternoon. L. B. Emmons will start in a day or two for A visit with relatives in tho Mud creek country. J. F. McCoy and Roy McCoy, shop men of Imnaha were in tho city Tues day and Wednesday. The repairs on the water ditih have all Wen completed and water is now running for all who desire it. Geo. Haas came out from Imnaha a few days ago where he has leen d tir ing the winter looking after cattle. Mrs. Dr. Fosner and children start ed this morning for a few weeks' visit with her parents at Newberg, Oregon. J. W.Nedrow of Grande Ronde river was in the city Wednesday. Ho re- ports everything looking fine in that locality. Chas. G. Holmes, a Cattleman of the Imnaha arrived in the city Wed nesday after sending the winter iii that locality. r Mrs. L. J. Reavis returned to her home near Walla Walla, on Wednes--day's stage, after a short visit with relatives and friends. C, II. Zurcher started for the North part of the county today in the inter- est of his Candidacy for reelection to the office of county clerk. ' W. T. Hume, of Portland will stump Wallowa county in the inter est of the Republican ticket. His dates begin at Joseph, May 22. Ben Gerlier came in from his ranch on Whiskey creek Wednesday. Ho also owns a blacksmith shop In Wal lowa, but is putting in his trine thia spring in the Whiskey creek hills. W. W. White owns an old dog that! ' is a curiosity. He is totally blind but follows Mr. Whito to town, a dis tance of several miles and goes around' over town wherever he thinks (not see) best. , , , i Mr. and Miss Borland, nejhew and niece of L. Berland, thc-h'arn'oss mak-.-er, arrived in this city fast week from Lake Park, Minn. Miss Berland hr a dressmaker and expects to open up a shop in this city, Jap Ellis, a sheepman of this city, is some what interested in tho Oil de velopments iu Polk county. He owns 120 acres of land that is within a few hundred yards of the well that ia be- ing mnk, and it is supposed oil has been struck. Oscar Anderson was arrested and fined $5, hint Thursday,' in the city court on a charge of disorderly con duct, by being drunk and threatening to stab Frank Ott. Mayor Calvin held court in the absence of the re corder, Carl Roe. Makhikij: May 1, at the home of bride's parents, on Trout creek, J'n d A Wagner and Miss Florence Bonk out. Doth are well known young people of this vicinity. 0;dy the im -( mediate relatives were pi event and witnessed the ceremony, i The lear hunters returned" TAesduy. from the North woods and report giod ' success and a fine time. Two mem-; hers of the party, J. W. McAlister and ' Chaa. Miller, continued on a hunt into the Bear creek country west of the Grande Ronde und will not U back until the first of June. W, P. Samms received by express Tuesday night one of the Darwinian ancestors of roan. His monkeynhip (flood the long trip from the South in ' good shape and on Wednesday attract ed a better era wd than many . of the political campaigners. Mr. Suninis also has one of the best talking parrotb ever seen. His tongue items to be loose at both ends. J. A. Burleigh, democratic candidate or joint representative opened the ' campaign afvWallowa last Thursday'' with a democratic rally and speeches by the local candidates' J. 8. Smith of Wallow has been-' speaking in the J II- epei north part of tfte'cminfy the past week In the interest of tfe d'pi'nociViC part'! Some of the lecAJ- tiwnobratic candi dates have been making the tour with him. J. S. Hodin of this city wrf-' aMnrrtike ioitte spc1if in the ea ern part of the coun ty,'