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About The enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 188?-1891 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1890)
Htrietly in advance,
Two Dollitrtt jht year ; One Dollar for
nix month ; Fifty Cents for three
month. Single copies Five Cent.
VOL. n:? xo.
OKKfiON CITY, OKKfiON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 2a, IHW.
1 MUCK 0 CENTS.
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n ... . i t i: i' i ' ii
i i i . i r.rn :-ft. ,i,
.U. t i
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1 i. ju.i I,., r rt. i - . i. r iit
r- ,i. 1 . . ... i l ; l M..i,n.t -ir i m' m " .i
V .1.. . i . . l, . . li ..... .rnlli. M '
; T' " - ' "
Ki'.-r I' .; wi, u:i;i vn ri;i Hi it ; ti 1
'.is 'f l'-,-.r - rvt.i-wfct lift M an4
t r n t'.' i-'i t I" a YMiit
I'. ;,. . . ; j . I 1 .if ttl Hi !. If it ir nirttt
' ' ...
; itt y i". trtv. No
i .. u i
T K ' IN i K II I.'U!I
COWING & COWING,
ATro?.NEVS AT LAW.
I :. ...I.-' r- I i, nr.! Hi ,tr. Uil ..Hi
liKlwlN lllV. Oil
1 - I
C. D. i D. C. LATOURETTE,
ATTuH.'tiLYi AND CCUH3EL0RS AT LAV.
M I N Mltl.l.f, DKKM'iN t 1 1 V t h (UiH.
ft 'i,.-'i '.ff m- n! 1 't;.. Unn M-n.r. Yr
' . i- ti f ntit trni't (rnt r tl
G. E. HAYES,
ATFGr.SEY AT LAV AND NOTARY PUBLIC,
Oroyon, City Oroe;on.
li t i I- u. -I iir- l.r if Court ll'iil.
F O. McCOWN,
Attorney ut Law.
' in 'un city, Oregon,
L-iii.l I in si moss ii Specialty.
A. Mi lil'.lliK.
A h. iiu:Hrti:u.
M c C H I D E &. DRESSER.
Attorneys at Law.
Uii,, .- in .,i-nr 1,1,,. -Is, Oregon Cily, Or.
A. I I l:vi, Hlli.NKV H.MITII.
FRYE & SMITH,
Civil Enginoors and Surveyors
Olliel" lli-;,lv 0iM)fill! ( 'llllll llllllKII.
0l:i;i..N ( IIV, OUMUON.
Work Proinplly Allcnilcil to
H. E, FERRIN, M. D.,
HUMKIiPATHIC PHYSICIAN AND SUBCEOK.
Oregon City, Oregon.
!' : iii .iiilmln I'.i.nk Him I. ln.nl ul tli
I'.MKKi nmi! noil k.
J. W. POWELL, M. D.(
Physician and Surgeon.
'Mli, I. ui CliiiriMin Ac Co' I'rng Klore
OKKiiO.N CITV, OUKOON.
DHS. SMITH &L DARLING
EAGLE CREEK AND EAST PORLAND,
Ench ulto'Tintc? wfiok,
Iint;iHCH of tho Kyi', Eur and
'J'h rout Hindu u Specialty hy
THE 33X3 ST
! AND CHEAPEST
j 4',VN IK roMt AT-
Oscar E. A. Ereytag's,
IUvhiu Hulili)int iiivkoII in l.imlmiaa
lic l I (irotHwn M'lliiiit irk il n luw llml
It Will mi o till' KilvitllUl.'O ul lnuff
In tn.lo illi iiiii, I Imiullo only lrl-
rlllK KHHH, mill Mill llll'lll I'llMO Dtl
j ilui I iiiiv I in ivriitiu li rvinin ymr
: fnlt.Mi.itcv ill tlw lulurw 1'utl mul plain-
nm in v y.Mklii uiul n!t' mul mul lw
iiiiH'tlu r.l llmt t ril Mtm(y ymi In Willi,
UfiniMtilMT liml ilulmir lt ifmnln In
iiv imrt t Ilia city ininlly ml HU K
t'l- t'llAHur, villi ul y vm u inn.
Oscar E. A. Ereytag.
Y'U tt ltUiillu let (urt h 4
Piauo or Op;
ruts hv sur
J. H. WAY,
T,,,. Iivn llllln,l UUl 1 I mill .11
K-tl van t i limlriiuii'iil
IIK I.I H IIHOi.,
I loll t II,
III HX A VOlt.
n M A lltMI.I.
. 11. 11 ii:.
S.M f-r Pl5B or 'Ur IVSTlt.l VfJIT PI M
A l.iiv. at Oregon City, 0r.
WOOD TI UM(.
A. 1ST ID
'" .l-irillg Wi.kI Tllrlllllg. I'i-
term, Uii krl, ur
Shop Carpenter s Work
W ill U Sinti'.l ' Culling fi Mt.
Ik . am i
iinnre wmriniA4 ann minns
O. II. BESTOW,
".i. tin' Congri-itutional Cliurcli.
Whn tltr w K" CmIotU.
Wlwn .In M ClilM, lw criwl for Cuturla.
Wlmo hii lm-nm Mlw, itin flunf U) ClMlorla.
a lum lia luul CWIUmii, the (an Uwui CwUirla,
Wai.i.inii A Jahimcii, 1'roii.,
CROWERS AND DEALERS
Fruit and Ornamental Trees,
Grape Vines, Small
NurHiiry four mile below Oregon City,
on the 0wegu roiul.
CalaloKim uialloil tree on application,
Aililre all oritur tu
WALLING & JARISCH,
For aale, at $10 per acre, 1110 acre ol
timber luiiil ; ubont 2!) acre iihIi tiniliiir,
4'ij iiiilu from K. It. Htutliiii, 2 mile
from aw mill on Hock (.'reek j Hplemliil
luiiil ami timber; level; terniH eny.
AHk McCowx A Uun,
BANK 0F0REG0N CITY
Paid up Capital 850.000.
lHMufN t THOMAS ( UAH MAN.
(ahhikm ( Us, ii.rArnKi.K
M4NMIKH.., . K, !.. KAsiU VM
tMHttt r(vUil titti)ttt ut fltwl
r utility inl cm if wurmntt UmiiIii
I tu itmiU nit ftviUIl ivtmrHy.
K(l ll .ui 'unlati.(. hh Krimt'u ,t'hlr
go, Nvw Yth. Atnl tl tirlttPltml rttHi. u
Interest Hi n t!st drposltisfollnwt:
Pi.r llirv ttii.iiilii, 4 .fit c.m .er muiiuv,
I'l.r niiiitih.. i ir 1.111 annum
Cut XI utioulm, 1 i'nl. ( iiiwii
Tliu rrllHimi ul i1o...ii fykViin i
iu,l hut luii'ro.i .ililc4 It vIi.wk Mm
i4 f !' ul iUwiv
MK DYKING JJINOUNG.
Sharp Kiiuistt CIimui Towi-Ia
I. miirn' uiul clii'.ilrcii.H' luurr uttiujc
II. it ur ii'l.l I'lithn III tlhV llliii'.
25cts. BATHS 25 eta.
Opposite tho post Office.
II von t hi nm'il via IUhipm. Sa. I, II,..
j ttri.llr. or Ui'luiin, lull mliMtil Ili.ilirr
'.y 1 1 1 1 1 K- on ui.
Kino lUiy ll.irii... (ii, SI.h k
1II1 in ili Ui unlfr.
Whrllirr y.m ml ,i l.nyor mil tUn
11 I'.mii . jll uii ma
Ni'l to lloiiry ('in.'' I.ivrrr Mull
FOR FIRST CLASS LUMBER
Geo. S. McCord's Mill
n Mt. I'leuaiit '2 mile nmth of
l Ircgon fit v.
Uiilii hiri. Orc.n t'lijr Orrgun,
KriM iirNti.Y nM iianii twi
W.I 1,1. 1,. I ,.( I.l.ri,.t. Minn li, f'lian
III lh till mrrilii ami try O.a nrw Il..llar4
r.lilfl AilnlBrl4 Mllilk' I hlr.r1
1 ik run at
r r wiiiik.
w a vi mi
J'rtirtirnl .Irrtu'trcti .J- Jtuilder.
Will ri. r ,lm. vlr vait.-u. wurln( !-
lalli. mul ..rin, .i ..rll kliel. ul ImhM
lni. M-i itl iir.iilnii I m tu minium c
! K.ilnnlri liirul.he.1 un ..lrilua
l ill nil or , ... W IIII K nito ,
ot ,n City. iin
II. r. MAY. i. 1. COoKK.
MAY & COOKE
DeiileiH In (;i ucei li'H k Proiliice,
ciiK Aoo sroiti:,
OroKon City, Oroon.
.1. M. IIACON & SOX.
Hooks and Statiomsy
POST OFFICE DUILDINCV
la prepared to attend promptly te
work I'lilriiMu'd to him.
Patronage rcnpcctfully solicited.
M. H. Flanagan.
WIIOI.K.HAI.K AND HI'.TAII..
r-Kl.i'K ON HANI) THR BKHT HKI.0TI0K
W nl wiiii-., I,iiiinr. Ala, linar. ., mli
li.uiid 111 tho Htala. la fiiigua-Kamlinn lllotk.
(II ma call,
M. II. KUNAUAN.
Livery, Feed and HaleHtuhle
I.OCATKU IIK'I'WKKN TIIK illtllXiK AJfl
Douhlu and Kiuglu RlgH, and tauiU
(UohnrMuH ulwaya on luimh nt Win.
lowes prices. A cormll contiL.uttijr
Willi the hum or loon aloek.
Information rKarilliiu any klmlloff
Htock proinplly uUemlcil to by pi r4ii ort
Horses Bought and SoIaJL
TliB B in
T Kilt tlm limlii Wll.
! view of the jinwout rvlnt
nihytUH' niul .iiuiuiiirjr ontlnjr
oiuihihI to grid n nurolmtita mnlotli
tr ly thtf wuevll, wo iIitui it not
out of ilui to jml'linh ht l
known of thU Ht mul tht rxiiio
iliin thiTffor, hoping that tlm Infor
mal ion may rvai'h rvury ono Inter
iKtinl, ami prove of noiuc naHlMtttTU',
and wild tlx) further hopo that it
will elicit itinmiDiiou anl mora in
formation from grain IiaW.
N ATI' K A I. HlaTOHV.
The grain wwvU hi long to the
luhonlor of tiff Ilea rhiiraiMrriitiMl
hv It mriiihf r lHing iMvi.i J with
beak or anuut which la unh1 to
pum tuM fruit, or grain, or (tr;r
huiU, (tint plant attackt'il ililTi'ring
with tho kinil of wvil,) thenhy
forming a rts'oi(aclc for thf v.
The grain wvrvil in n'lhlinh hrowu
in color, an. I alout om-ighth of
an inch long. A ainglo egg la laiJ
hy the female who puncture a kcr -
nel of wheal fur that pure.
The larva, or Worm, pr.nl uce.l
from the rgg live Uhui the farina -
e.H.11 i.art of. the kernel, l-ttviii
oulv the hull. When full grown it
ia nearly one line in length, ami H""ng thmugh the pii.. inter-
changea'into a pupa within Uie:v,,,,i" '"I""'" "ok r row of
hull in which it ha live.1 It re-'"-k
tiiaiuk in the pupa atate aUmt uinej 'intilr I'nwrr.
lav when the jK-rfect U etle apH-ar:
"i 1 ., . , f ,1.1. i 'I he utilisation ami htrihuti..n
ami knaw it way out of the ker-1
, ' 'uf ilrclric xier lllc tutil hv Mr,
Uii, 1 1 . . . .' ,
Hi ,1 1 1 . , . ,1. .
ilevour the iuii.l part 01 Ine
grain not only in the larval, hut
alMii 111 Ifirt l.tr!,t.'L klMlr. i
It i aai.l that a (ingle pair wi
iinuliii-n liiMKI in fivi. Iniitllli. It i
1 1 , ,1 ,;. ,1 tauee fur hngi' luutora, At S...
aUo anl that from the time the
fgg I uriMlKllf H II II 11 1 llir iu'liei 1 in- j
1 . . 1 . 1 .1 . r... :..
i .-l iiiia in i. kImiiiI fnr'V' tlve iliVM
... 1 1 .1 . .' 1 . .
If 1. fimiiii.,1 1 1. 11 1 ri ii tiMiiiiera"
j tore of lens than V .leg. Fahrenheit
j thexo iuaivta are incapable of rrpro-
u'.icing, an, i in oroer o rcapt- uif
Col I hide theliinrlve ill the crack
of the lloor, etc., remaining there
! until warmer weather.
It i not hy examinin the ur
.face of the grain heap that the
. . . , ,
pr. i ice of the weevil can le "le
t.vtetl, hut hy etamiulug the grain
at a depth of four or more luch
U'low the aurfaee.
If imiie of the grain he put in
water the infected kcrm la, or tlioe
which the larva or perfect Inarct
have eaten out. will lloal.
It ii prohnh'.e that the weevil lava
ita egg in the grain or in aome o
it while in the field.
The alove i taken largely from
the work of Matthew t'.Nike, who
'iit imiie time Htudyingthi iiinect
in California; are, alio, the fol
lowing reuiediea which tally o
oely with the reault of oherva
tiona of many grain men through
out the Willamette valley, that they
are rM:ial!y reliable.
Firat Kerp granarie clean mul
dry within, aivJ well ventilated.
Second Vhitewanh the interior
in the Hpring of each year. Pefore
whitewaahinfr., however, anoint with
a hruh, all crack and crevice in
lloor and walla with the following
aolutiou: Saturate chloride of lime
with all the oal oil it will take up,
and then with water until it can he
lined with a hruah.
Third firain in alore houae or
granaries ahould he piled en na to
allow a free circulation of air around
the row of aacka (Huppiaing that
lack were ukciI, and their ue aeemi
Fourth It ia generally conceded
that the grain weevil cannot hreed
if the temperature in the building
or Hton houao ia kept lower than !
Jeg. Fahrenheit. Hence,
Fifth Thorough ventilation i
iuiortant, a wo have reason to I'
lieve that at lcaHt part of the wheat
ia inflated heforo it reathea the
granary; and a maintenance of low
temperature will keep eggs from
Sixth Ornin kept in hulk aliouhl
he turned over oecariionally hy
" Hhoveling" to prevent ita hceoming
Seventh Stored grain ahould he
kept free from dump, and ho kept
perfectly covered to prevent IU he
coming wet froin ruiiiH, etc,, and a
high teniperaturn hy every poaaihlo
Somo of tho motliodg to Ixi'iulopt
ed hy grain men in tho v lley te ae
cure tho ahovo enda nre nn fioi:
When atnring wheat ono hid ll U
be left empty. , Thin will allow In
opportunity to oeelinionally turn
ovor tho wheat fn all the other 'bini,
tranaferring from one bin to an
other. J M
Thia HccniH to a an cxculleni
plan. The cohI of this .prooea.,
including aervieos of engineer, fuel,
olij., ia calimntoil tu hit alxiut mm
tenth of a rout nr huolu'l,
Another i.ldi tu l put int. i xr
mil iuii in to turn a V ulnt j l tiium i,
eovcrml with wiif aerccning, part
way through Ihc hin, ul (ho hottout,
oHniiig to I hu exterior 011 the aile
of the granary, ami lln inner eml
in the hin teriulniiliiig inn wooilrii
line, Imre.l full of two-inch linger
holea which are eoverml with lino
wiro acreening, thin Hue to run up
through the hin or hiim, iill'oriliug,
with the nlxivc-mnntioncil tunnel, n
current of cool air through the
The opening of the tunnel on
the Hide of the granary may net. I a
littlf naif to prevent the eutranei' of
ThU iuclhol of veutihttiug aloreil
w heat in already in u' in h.nin. mic
tion. Another reincilv, npplieahle to
j ''"H"' ITor. it. ami who
j"'" willing to meml ufl. r the mi i.,
i in to nturc gnuu in mu k. no iliH.
"''"' 1,1 '' Moreliou.. thai a
1 fr,,' irculuti.ui of air cad play
1 '"t t Ji. in. hiu! tt.nt nl- ft.tiiH .,t-
, tl"' granary ran have n.rau of
' r . 1.. roiK' tu have rea. Iie.l Lv lar
the greatent .IrVehiptnelll ill. 'will
i 1 rl.iihl ami the I'mle.l State. In
jjiiic iniiiier iiiiiuu i i ii tin uy in
.1 t I . I-
tranouiitteil to roniiiierahlc li-
. tliurn a iiniiiu'.i' i.u v oi mai'liuie
ecreaa i ilriv- u hv an ilei-tric mo-
tr of "i" h"r iiiH.r, which J
rive it energy from turbine lui 1
more than five mile, away n a
mountain Mreiiiu At Iter, u.liiigeii,
a delaine mill of ;ii'i,it rpimllcn, i
driven by a pair of electric iimtor
of L'so hor.o piwer, iijM-i atnl by a
tnrbiiie wheel twi l.e mile .lintant
At Lucerne, IJtih.iKe piw.-r iim
ilarly carried half a mile, and 'l
hore i.i r a ipiarter of a mile. In
the flitted State tin clivtrie motor
.i" more than horo piwi-r i
known to Mr. Pup)-, hut there are
a many a li.ixHi imull nn,:,,t in
line, a favorite ie U'ing I" horfi'
(lower. It i predu led that in cit
ic electric Inutur will .in prarti-
f rally auppUnt the teaui i 1 1 j. 1 1 1
of Icm tban ' li.re piwi-r.
II, Kin trli la oulh.
. .. ... . ,
If we want a eoni)'tciice lunge
we fhoiild Iwgiii early in youth to
hoard, The mt uc ful kiiowledge
in the world, or if not the moat use
ful, then certainly the next in or
der, i the knowledge of the Value uf
money. The Ut way to acuiro
thi very important windoin i to
carefully ave your urplu fund.
We uncoiiHciouly iM-come acipiaint-
ed with thi truth a the pile grow
larger; not a the uiicr hug hi
gold and look Uxm it a a necc.
Hitv, and one that may do him a
good turn when he need home
friendly nilance, The pinr man
muni ever light under advcrecir-
cuintanec if he ha not the atit-
auce of money, lie w ill ulwaya 1
at a diNinlvaiilage. lie will feel
himaelf more the mini with a good
Mini in the bank. And he will even
igh and IktiiIc himelffor hi ahort-
Highti'diiexH when young if he hu
neglected to Hceure it.
II lint a Tea ef ( mil ('iniliiliin.
A careful aualyia and etimate
niiide hy a New York chemiHt, of tho
eonHtitueiit of a ton of coal, pre-
Hi'iit aome inlercsling fact, not fa
miliar certainly to unacicntifio
mind. It i found that, hcxidea
git, a Ion of ordinary ga coal will
yield 1'ilH) pound of coke, '.'(I gal
lon of ammonia water, and II11
pound of coal tar. Pint'illation of
thi amount of coal lar give about
70 pound of pitch, 17 poundH of
(reoHote, I I pound of heavy oil,
about 1' pound, of naplha yellow,
and ' (J pound of mipthol, '2
poundH of iili.urinc, 21 pouuda of
solvent napthu, 1 l-.ri pound of an
aline, "II hundrcdtliH of a pound of
toludine, 'XI hundredlliH of a pound
of anthrneine, and nine-tenth of a
pound of toluchc from the lat
pained HiiliHtanco being obtained
the new product, Hiiccharine, Haid
i he i!'J0 time a Hwoot a the bent
(Tim moat phenomenal yield of
corn ever produced in America was
ri'iaed In Ninth fa roll mi. Thecrop
was. within ft fraction of 2.V) bushel a,
gfoen weight, grown on one acre,
wlilch Hhruiik to J.'I'. bushela when
Vpn dried, and when chemically
dried couluincd217 huHhols.
Hip Hurbl' I.HiikT TainieU.
On the St. (lothard ltailway,
not far from the fauimiM long tun
nel, there i a remarkable lunm l on
the plan of a corkscrew. In lite
descent uf the mountain it was
found impoihh' t lay out a safe
incline on a straight line or ordina
ry curve, and the engineer got over
the dilhcully by driving a tunm l
which enter the mountain high on
the side, describing a circle through
tln r)!id rock, constantly descend
ing a it Iim so, rciiix nra under
it). If on the mountain side some
ditance bvlow, then dives Into the
rock, again circlv, and sink a it
circle, until It again emerge into
daylight under it. If, when the line
resume ita course d iwn hill in a
more familiar way.
There is a wonderful tunnel in
Chicago, driven ill IHIill, two mile
out under the bottom of the lake,
so that (be city may obtain a water
upply free from the refuse of the
city. Thin tunnel, which ha now
been doubled, ha two shaft, one
on (he land and one in the U-d of
the hike, rixitig through a crib,
which crib i defended by a break
water and aerve a the foundation
f a light houae. Thi wa a diffi
cult work to manage owing to it
being through clay and iUicksiiml,
but it i a mere nothing as to length
There is, for instance, the f roton
B'jucduet from f roton down to New
Yotk, which is driven through solid
rm k f..r thirty six and a quarter
iiiih s. The ll.Mii.ac tunnel is four
and thri-e-.piartcrs mihs in length,
ami is twenty-six feet wide and
twenty one and a half feet high,
Why should not every farmer
have asparagus enough fur home
consumption mul a go. d lot t sell
in spring? It is a choice vegetable
and bring a good price in the mar
ket. 'I he common opinion that an
iinpariigim lcd must ) made in the
old nay, by digging out the soil to
a depth of thro fi-ct, and filling
with rich comtHist, and a great dml
more of similar antiquated noli-sem-e,
is a hat prevent p'oplc from
growing axparagti. l'.ut that is
changed now. It him U-fii discov
ered that common si-use put in prac
tice I jut a good on asparagus a
anything else. The soil, it i ( rue,
shoiiid Iw unite rich and nn llor to
a giMd depth. lie. I the ground
three feet wide, ami relied th water
furrow. Harrow down and oja'U
by running tw ice in thi furrow w ith
a narrow shovel plow. Set the
plant in these furmas, carefully
spreading out the root and covering
with fine soil pressed down. The
furrow should not he mora than
three inches deep, as it is top grow th
that is wauled. A dressing of salt
will keep down weeds and grass,
ami is a tine fertilizer for asparagus
The plant i a easily grow n a the
average garden vegetable, and the
yield is enormous. Pacific: Farmer.
A lot; MiiiuIiI (.curat
To let cigarette! alone.
To 1. kind to all animal.
To be manly and couragcoua.
To ride, row, shoot and sw im.
To build a fence scientifically.
To be gentle to hi little sisters.
To iill the wood Iki.x every night.
To sli ut tin1 door without alum
ining.'' To sew on a button and darn u
To do errands promptly and
To shut them in winter to keep
the cold nut,
To wash dishes and make hi bed,
To shut the door in summer to
kecpthe Hie out,
To have a dog if pOHsiblc, and
make a companion of bun.
To gi I ready to go away without
thu united ell'oits of mothers and
The Dlevenlli (Viimi.
A census bulletin, issued by (!cn.
Purler, superintendent of tlu'consus,
show (hut Oregon I divided into
two ocnH'.'.H districts, and each dis
trict will be under llio supervision
of a general superintendent. The
first district will bo in charge of
Hon. J. 11. Hhupe,of Ashland, and
embraces tho counties of Kenton,
f lackainuH, Clatsop, Columbia, Cur
ry, Coos, Douglas, Jackson, Jo
Hopbine, Lane, Linn, Marion, Mult
nomah, Polk, Tillamook, Washing
ton ami Yamhill counties. The
second dinlrict will he under tho
super. Ision of Dr. J, V. Strange, of
La (Irandc, and includ'S tho coun
ties of linker, Crook, f! illintu, CI rant,
II an icy, Klamaih, Lake, Malheur,
Morrow, Umatilla, Union, Wallowa
and Wasco count ies,
I'rtce of Wheat.
The Chicago Herald says the
la st authorities In Kngland are of
the opinion that the price of when
will remain low for some time to
come. A month ago it was thought
that the price would move upward,
but uecording to the latest calcula
tions a drop is quite as probable aa
a rise. According to the Keonomist
of December 21, tlm yield of the
United Kingdom was about "'I,
(XX'000 buslwls, and as the annual
consumption, at five and a half
bushel p-r head, ia 2oO,0K),(XW
bushel, the inutility required from
outside aourecs will b about 125,
(ro.OilO bushels. TITO United Klatea
ha a aurplua for ex port of !!(),
(KKI.IKK) bushels, and Russia, India
and Australia can readily supply
Apparently our farmer! will have
to "make their bonk" for growing
wheat at uliout 3U cent a quarter
for some years to come, except in
the event of a quite unusually ex
tensive failure of crop, which it I
not aafe tu count on now that we
draw our supplies fmm so many
part of the world in which har
vest is going on m arly all the year
round. There is ubundaiice of 'evi
dence toshowtliat wheat grower!
in the United State, Canada and
South America have f. lt the strain
of low pricei a severely as British
grower, and in the course of a few
year it i probable that the pro
duction of wheat, relatively to Jkj-
ullttiou, will be h-s tllllll it j tlOW.
Already it is so in the United
States and Canada, and it ha
I ..ii i so in Australasia, though prices
in that part of the wot Id, raised by
Kr harvest, have lately caused a
reaction. Our farmers, then, should
take courage, making up their
mind to adopt the cheapest meth
od of pr.xluction until the severest
of thu content they are now waging
abates to some extent, and then to
reap the reward which will fall
to those who have proved them-
jsilvcs the fittest in the struggle for
The Johiittuwa Itrllrf t'nad.
Pint Ann run. January 1(1. At a
meeting of the Johnstown lbs si re
lief commission to day (lovernor
Heaver presided. Arrangements
were jierfcetod with the (Sirard Life
Assurance Annuity Company for
the administration of an annuity
fund whereby 522 children, under 10
year of age, orphaned by tho fl.sl.
will receive ."l annually until they
reach tin- age of IS. Various other
form of relief for the destitute were
adopted. The secretary ' rejrt
show that then' i estimated to have
been drowned in the Conemaugh
valley 220 persona, numlr of UkI
ies recovered 1(7.", identified 1021,
unidentified li.YI, missing liOo. The
relief fund received from various
sources amounted to 2.tKW,073.
After all expenditure for relief
have been paid, the Commission
have on hand unexpended a bal
ance of $70,(i31.
Hell Iteiuty (W Thousand.
To interrupt Horace (Sreeley
when he wa in the throe of bring
ing forth an editorial an editorial
w hieh has never U'cn equalled in
the journalism of America an ed
itorial which wa a slogan for hi
party, a thunderbolt for its foes
w as a danger which no friend, no
enemy, none hut a fool, dared to
encounter. I was once in his edito
rial sanctum when the fool wa
there. To relievo your apprehen
sions, I won not tho fool. KuJ, he
was one of those itinerant and per
sistent gentlemen with a subscrip
tion book. Ha kept presenting it
while old Horace was writing a
most of you remember, with his pen
away up to hi chin, and Horace
had a habit, when any one would
interfere, of kicking, and so he
kicked at the subscription fiend.
Finally, when he saw ho could not
gel rid of tho intruder by this
means, ho stopped in thomiddlo of
a sentence, turned around, and aid
raspingly in that shrill voice of his:
"What do you want? State it
quick, and in tho lowest words pos
sible." "Well," said tho subscription
fiend, " I want a subscription, Mr.
(ireeley, to prevent thousands of
my fellow human beings from go
ing to hell."
Said Mr. (Ireeley: " I won't give
you a cent. There don't half
enough go there now,"
Tiikuk are 7,Q(X),000 negroes In
thu United StatcB. In tho South
there are 10,000 colored school
Cleveland and Wl.
The following letter from J. if.
(iray, of Prineville, wa published
in tho Oregonian. It is a very clear
presentation of the effect of fret
trade on ahcep. Mr. (Jray ay:
Dear Kir: Concerning your in
quiry aa to what effect the recent
tariff agitation had upon the wool
industry of this eetkr of country,
I dnire to tay that it had a most
disastrous effect. And to more ful
ly explain what i meant by the
exprcssum, I call your attention to
the figure below. To b brief in
the matter, I refer to the year
1SS0 to WJ inclusive, and take for
a basis good average wool, scouring
00 to 65 Hircerit; which during the
season of averaged oar grow
era IS J cents from heep of an ar
crae value of 12 jr head. The
season of 1887 the same style of
wool average! grower 18 cents with
sheep at 12 per head. In ths sea
son of 1H87 under tariff agitation,
the same staple of wool averaged
grower 11) cent, and the same
style of sheep declined to tl 2-5 per
head. In 1KB9 the same style of
wool averaged the grower 16) cents,
while good average bands of sheep
sold for II 75 to 12 per head. Ik)
you will readily see what the effect
of our recent tariff agitation had
upon our industries, and whatloenes
were attributable to this Celine in
Hut to impress the effect mors
forcibly I will summarise to give
you a closer idea of how it affected
a small community like ours. We
had in our county 255,000 sheep,
and a wool clip aggregating 1,530,-
UK) pound. On wool the average
loss was 5 rent per pound:
Urns on wool f 78,500
fits llnton VMlnrof iliwpst 6;",c. 15V ,375
Total In one season .$SA,875
From the above you can see the
loss inflicted on ur, and from that
guess what the effect would have
been had the Mills bill become a
L (iermaa Italldlaf Material.
Hollow cast iron brick have been
patented in Germany by August
Hoekel, of KrfurU They are of the .
ite and shape of ordinary brick,
and the tides are one-eighth of an
inch thick. They are to be used
without mortar or other building
material, being held together by
grooves and projecting ribs fitting
into one another on the upper and
lower side. There are also two
circular oinmings in the tep of each
brick, into which properly formed
projections on the brick aboveone
of them hook-shaped filter, and
give greater firmness of hold. The
joints are made tight with a suita
A fatty substitute for butter hav
ing been discovered in the exoanut,
a factory tor producing tho sub
stance was established at Mauheitu,
Germany, about a year ago. Ac
cording tj consul Monoghan, this
factory employs twenty-five work
men, and turns out daily a ton of
cocoanut butter, which is retailed
at about 15 cents per pound. The
new product is said to be better
adapted to kitchen than to table
use; but it is already preferred at
hospitals on account of its purity
and digestibility,' and is rapidly
finding its way into homes where
tho people are too poor to buy but
ter. A Tiny Kail Koad.
A wonderful railroad is the one
which connects the towns of Bed
ford and Kellevuo., Massachusetts.
It is nino miles in length, and is
probably as unique as any on the
globe. The distance is not so as
tonishing, except when the gauge of
ten inches is considered. In the
short distaneo traversed by the
pigmy it crosses eleven streams,
with bridges from five to thirty-five
feet in height. The rails weigh but
twenty pounds to the yard, about
about tha size of those used in the
mines of Missouri and Illinois. The
cars and engines are constructed so
as to be very near tho ground, insur
ing greater safety. The cars aro pro
vided with single seats on each
side of the aisle. The car itsolf
weighs but four tons, the woight of
an ordinary car being twenty to,
twenty-six tons. The engine, with
out tho tender, weighs seven tons,
and runs with two nassoncror or
freight cars at tho rate of twenty
miles an hour. There is a smaller
railroad than this in tho United
States the ono in Bucks county,
Pennsylvania, but it is only kept
as an expensive toy by a rich
farmer who has made a fortune out
of it, -Albany Argus.
M -fi -V, tM-1 yta'.t