' SI-) : ; , l)(n('! lo flut Int(5fNlM !' Oi'fKfoii OH.y mid CliwilfninuH County. VOL. XXI. OREGON CITY, OREGON, "THURSDAY, JULY 28, 1887. NO. 40. i i' o.yu y ., v. flllllllllllfff THE ENTERPRISE. ItATKls Of HdllMCHIH'ION! NIiikIs Copy, one yrar, In advance I-1 HI .HIiikI i ( 'y l nioiiiha, l advance I Wi HIiikIo Copy, not In advance i! M) TI-IIIMS Of ADVKHTISINll. Tranalmit ailvsrlUeniPiiH, Including nil leiral nritlri4, pt-r itisr of twulv lluea 01111 week $ H f0 I'or each .ulnc'iucut Inn-rllon 1 IK I Ino column, 01111 yr 1V0 IK) lUlf 11 column, una year (KM) Vinrtur column, una year 40 im llusltnms curd, 0110 year I CU MIXIIIY MKKVM'KM. HAITIST CIIUltCH.- Itev. t-lor. Morning p'lrp. I'l:i; Sabbath achnnl HAt; viiiliiHitrvlce7::HI o'cliM-k. Ib-Kutar prypr instiling Wednesday pvenlug. afoul lily covenant mecUiiK Saturday hpfnre Ural Hominy In pach iiKiitt It at 1 o'clock I', M, A rurilial In vitation pxipitdml lo all, sr. joiins nit'itcn. catholic.- liny. Jan. Itauw, iatiir, (In Sunday inornliiK lilxll maaaat III:). Flint Sun tlay of cim Ii monl li low maaa at 8 o'clock A. M. N'.'ohd Sunday of each inonlli, a liertnan aernion, Sunday school at it:l o'clock 1. M. Y'pstpr ami Bene diction at 7 o'clock 1'. M. VlWr I'ONCHICliATIONAI. CllClti'll. -Itav. (I. A. llakwood, Hnr. Ser vice at lO .k) A. M ami i:.M I. M. Sunday arhool aflpr mnrnlnir aervlca. I'raypr itieallnu Wediipaday evening at 7 l o'clock. I'raynr nippllng of Voiinu I'liople'a Society of I'lirlalian Kudcavor evt-ry Sunday pvnnliig at II: HI prom pi. All arv cordially Invited lo Iheae meet Intra, Spata frv. MKniODIST EPISCOPAL CIllKOII.--II. K. t'asp. pnalur. Morning: service al 10. .Ml; Siililtaili aclimit al )! :; evening service al 7.:i o'clock. Prayer lueol Inyrvcry Thursday pvenlng. Stranger cordially Invlipd. Sea la froe. M IKTV NOTII f a. Oregou Lotlgs, I Q, 0. F. No. 3. Mi'fta evrry TlmraiUr fvfninu at7.:iU oM.x kln Uin (Idd Kfllow'a Hall, Main atrpcu .number. 01 Ilia order are iiivuvii toaiionil, lly order of N. li. Multnomah Lodge, No. 1, A. F. & A. M llolil. Ita rcuu'ar roinniunlcallon.Salur il:.y vrn n ion or l-(on 1 lip full moon In pndi inonlli, al 7 o'clock from the 2;illi of SMlrmlcr loth Itotli of March; and al 7: l o'clock from UiaiOtliof Mnn li 10 tha uh of Stilpinlirr. llrcllircn In ood atamlliiR are Invllcil l ) aiipnd. A. K. lUvia, Srr tnry. Meade Post No. 2, 0. A. R , repartment ofOrfcon. Mpp llrt Wrili'piuUv of pvpry nionlh at 7 .'l I. M , at l Idd f'pllow'a Hall, ir- Konllly. ro.UMAMiKIt Falli City Lodge No. 69, A. 0. V. W. Mptda pvpry aprnml ami focrlli Monday pvpnloti In Odd I'pllowa' luitldiott- All ho 'nuroliiK brrlhrpit cordially Invhvd to at tend. K It. t il A 11 M A N. M. W. I'Hwrt'.MHiuK i. t iHim. T. A. McDRIDE, AtlOI'IH'- lit IIIAV. Ufllop In Hunk HulldlhK. On'Kiin t'ity, tlrrtrnii C. D. & D. C. LATOUItETTE, Attorneys & Counselors at Law MAIN KTItHIT. IHtKiloN CITY, Oil. Kurnl'li alialracl. of llllo, loan money, fort' cIom inorlM.Mca. ami trauanct gci. priil Uw Iiii.Iiich I, T, HAKIN, O. K. IIAVKH, bARIN & HAYES, Alldl'lltlJ'N III IIIW. i'll.l.rilA(TI('K IN AM, TIIK l lH'lirx of Hi. Hliiln. OlllciiiKnlU('aiir( IIoiim, ori'icun I lly, (ircKon, W, (1. JOII.M4IIN. K, O. M TOWN. 0, M. IOI.KMAN JOHNSUN. McCOWN k IDLEMAM, Attorneys & Counselors at Law Tract lc In all llio Court, of tlio Slalc lMn madP and Abalrarla fHrnlalipd 1'iirlli nUr nl IimiI Ion lvrn to liualiipaa In Hie I ,H. IaiiiI (Mllcu, (Im'koii i lly, -OfriCKH - Monnalp.' llrlck, UA Klntl llrci't, I'orlland ( iiykoii. MhIh .triwt, OrcKnn City, ORIENTAL - - HOTEL New MunnKMiiriit und lUfiinimlil A. T. S1iooih, Prop. Ort'gdii C!ity Oregon Central Location, Fii'nt (Iiihh Amiiiiiniiilalitinu nm; Sain)ilo Hroin for Cnmmerem Truvelt'i's. Fin Mikh' Million mnl Cigar, at Hi Har. EAST PORTLAND MAltlUJ WORKS I HTIIKKT, NHAll THE KKHItY I.ANIUNU ImporU'i &, Manuructiircr OK Tombs & Monuments Ciittngo Momuiu'iilH ami TiiMotn of tlio bcHt Italian inul Vormont wliilo and Muo limrlilu. CJulifoniiii niul KuHkd'ii enmito. All w.rk and liiutorlal warranluil to In III liaat nualltv. Jtranch works at Oregon City. J, D. Kelly, - - Proprietor M.W HAMPTON, DKAI.KIl IN ubs, Well Buckets, Churns, Pails, Kegs and Barrels. In fad avarylliliiK In Him rooimra' Una. J. M. BACON, MCAI.KHIN Booksand Stationery uataMpft llullillng. OIlMIONCITY, OltKUON. HI. W. HAMPTON, Will Dig, Bore Wells. or Clean "IIDHK WIKIIIN'd ANY WtlltIC IS THIH line will net It iIoiip n irood term liy r ail- K mi him, al lilt re.ldeiH e, l'onnr .hop, ahir Hlm'l. E. D. CLEMENTS, HKAI.KH IS ins Candies, Notions, Tobacco and Cigars. At Wlao'a olit .land. OIlEdON CITY. Oregon. K. IIKillFIKMI. Established Since 1849: Fine Jewelry Made to Order. Si lli Thnmna day. and thirty hour. wpIkIiI oca. and UhMIi.iii wal.lica, kry and .lt.nl linlcr. llh lli Intral linprovpiiH-iila, cheaper inn any ntlicr liiitiao III Umn. tm uuur lo . I In .liini. Hedges & Bingman, Uiul'Tlnliorw. t I.AItllK AKSOItTMKNT OP COKKISS, and Cjlirta hIwuv. iiu hand, Klnp In.ldr ml outaido IrlinihlMKN lino lo.Kiilllcrnt Ik arap. I .rm liler work of all ilewrliillnn. pipi-ntPrt with iicaIiipm anil iliatwlch. btiou ooiKMUa I liHiman & ban. tin K"xia .inrp. C. H. L. DURMEISTER, Jeweler and Optician I havpon Imnd and for aulp a full Block of Gold and Silver Watches, Im ka, Jewelry and Silcpr Warp, Oppra ami lelil iiIjuiimmi, fniin Hip very hrnl iiittiiiifiuttir era. Alao kirp un hanil t niirlv li a o Spectacles & Eyeglasses. MAIS STIIKKT, Itrrgoa 1'Hy, Urraroa, Woodburn Nursery, Kei'iM the larKcnt .lock of Fruit, Shade, Ornamental and Nut Trees, and Vinos and Shrubbery On the Norlliwe.l Ctuut. No anhis or lice on Trees. TMMCJICS: AniilnlrppalJ l 110 iwr llin. Tear. IVach and I'.ierry. II In fill iht HKV. I'liitn and I'riiiie, .H lo III per ll. Heavy (llmoiint on HIM lola, hemi lor cnnuni;iip in J, U.Ht.TTt.Knir.H, 'JO-Irt WiHHllmrn, Orenon GEO. A. HARDING. loialolll'C lllo.K, Drills and Medicines Toilet NoiiM, lVrliiuiory, Fancy Goods, Brushes, Sponges AMI AI.I. KINI1H0K DRUCCIST'S SUNDRIES, Umiully lti.pt in a lirit rliir-a Drug Store Iri'livali'lnna I'reacrlnllona carefully pom nniimlcil, niul imler. iinawcrixi wlin carp aim diHHilch. The piilihn w ill Unit my Block uf ineil- lemea cniupieui, warrnuicii Kcmimv ami ot ine beat quiilil). Bank of Oregon City Paid up Capital $50,000, President Cashier Manager THOMAS CHAUMAN, I'll AS. II. CAUm.I.l), H. L. FASTI I AM. Deposit received aubjecl to rheck. Aiirnvun hills anil nolea illscouiited. County ajul city warrants UiUKht. I.oana mado on avallahlo security. Collodions limiln imininllv. Ilmfiji aold on I'orllnml. San Francisco Chicago, New York, and all principal rllies of iMiroito. Telegraphic exchange sold on Portland tan Francisco, Chicago ami New York Interest paid on time deposit as follows Kor 3 months, 4 Mr rent, per annum. 'or (I months, fi per rout, pur annum. For lli months, tl por cent per annum. Time rorliricntus of deposit payable on dt'iiiauil, nut interest rorrelteii it uraw before end of term of deposit, A FEMININE APOLOQY. An I nclilnnt, Nlinwln That Ilia War of Wiiimtn Ar I'a.t KiioIIiib Out. I wan Mliimlinir In IinlnimiiilntiiH) H ill onndiiy livHt Niiiiiiimr, gninff ftt tlio old lllicrly Nill of wlilcli l'lilliulidililitim tun an jiiHlly iinnnl, wlnn it ivell- ilicHni'il, iii'hlillc-ii; mI Imly enmn in, mid l.ilel' on it biiiiovnlolit-lookln old limn. Tim tliri'O of nil atooil mnl (fi.oil mid foil iiwod and ovnriiiniifi. Thiitold bell wllli tlio crnck down lis hIiId ciin icd m liiu k to tlio iliiy tvlion fri'nduiii wnnU'd to alii'lok, but didn't, mid wlmn Kiutf Siiinoboily wuiili'd iih U puy too Mh n H'ici! foryoiiiij; llyion I on. I think 1 wna llio niiiMt ii'C!y -iiflVclod. 'J'lin womitu Hi'ciiicil to bo liMikin tlm boll o ci' lo hoi) If It lull a' biistlo or a now bonnet, and tlio obi liliin, who w:i iliuililli'iirt a Quiil.er, aqtilnli'd Iim ri'lit cyn and womed lo onl- I'lilitlo tlint blii yokn of kIoitk I'onlil alinko that b. II nil ovci' a ton- ncrii lot If It wcro ilai'od on a Htouo bunt, Tim wiiliunl wont out no softly, and my mind win so bony wllli Ocii. onil l'ntitiiiii, Molly l'iiclmr and Vitlloy rorgo, that I ill In t noilro lir ub- ai'licn. Aftor aw llllo I looked up, tlo- oldi'd lliat 1 wnnlod nioi'o i'imiiii fm' my fcclliiM, ami Hliii'li'd to jfn out. Just tlion llm vvomitii rerntt-ivtl( mid tin re wna a )olii'pnitiil bidiiml Iht. "'Hint in llio mull, fli'l" alio anld to llio ulUiTi', an nh.i mntionod tow:iidi 1110. "Alt! Iiu in, oh! Couldn't liavo Wn tliU old rnn s't", oli!" "No, air! TliU man la llm only ono wlm rumo luuir mo." "Any thin"; linmmnod lioro not con- iHM'Icil uit'i tlio D.irbiratiiin .of Indo M'ndi'iii''?" I nnxioiily imiiirvi. "Tiuit won't go down, )'ouii man, not with mo!" ojtolniinotl Ibo oilioor, aa lio htixtloit nround and gut out Ida hiimh'iilT-t. "Von evidontly diIrj to niako my (ciii:illit:inci'. " "Kxnetly. Put yoiirji ami in tliprf, and don't try U play mo any ti'ii'ks. Now, llii'ii, ci itno alou, and thin lady will plea!) follow." "I ho a di'proil.ttor, or om(tliin2?' rnnu'rttly iiipiiivd the obi tii.iu. "la lie? I ahonld r.'inar'!'" aiHworrd thoollii'or. "Hi!1 llio daiHiixt d jiro diitor on tliU ooihI, and It' a won. lor lio hasn't (jot your w.iIIpI h well." Thn old man was du doivn into Ilia hind piM'kot lo am) if bia rulf-skin waaaiifoa wo loft, and ono or two M'oilo wlio wcit) coining in ltad tlio kliidiipsa to rein ir that I had tlio look of a born thief. "All! yon b -t b hid" cUncklod tlio olllcfr a lui iravo mo an aflivllonato I'H.k. 'if I haven't L'ol tint il n hies on ho wrl.it.i of Hilly tlio Kid I'm no rood!'' Ia'I mo clvo von a plt'oo of advice. If you aro over arrcntoil on Ih.i ftrool jjn iiilftly Willi llio olH -or. It will do ii (JimkI Id plo:ti iiiiHMH'ncn or ama.o- nii'iil, or ai'i k lo ciinvini-o linn that ho ita mado a mbtiiko. II a intention is o rim you in. Afier ho baa put you under arrest ho has no lilit to lot you Tho lluvo of na wont alrailit to ii'Mibpiai'tci's, mnl I hadn't a word to ay en roiito. llio woman wanlod mo o coiifi'sK tho orrnr of my way, but 1 ire fen oil not to Inst then. When we went in tho ollleer rxiilainml that I tad picked tho woman' pocket i f a inrso conlalnin twelvn ilullara, iinil that ho bad bad bis eyo on ino for ncv- ral day a. 'So bt picked vour piM'kct?" fiuerit'd he auperiiilendciit of tho woman. "Vea. air." "Which jHtckol waa it In?" "In thin one- tho ribl-band." "Sum you didn't lose it?'1 "A sure na 1 live." "Didn't put It In your dresa pocket. lid von?" "Oil, no. air; I had it " Shu attippeil Iter speech lo feel In her Ircaa pocket. In a few jieeoml she llnshcd red niul then turned while, and tut ciiine tin) purse. S!io looked at it il perfect asloiiishiii:nt, niul then tried pivlty I i:ui I to faint nwnv. 1 hen bo tlulu t pick your pocket. itacems!" observed tho miporlnt:'iiil nl. "No no, sir. I remember now of iiiillinX it In my ilrosa lor fear of los ing II." Well, yon havo had an honest man 'iiuulciifl'i'il and dra'jijod through the ilivets, and what nro you colnjr to do ibollt it?" "Yea, what la she K'dnS to do about t!" oxclaimed thn ollicor in a whisper. 'Tho Idea of hia lieinx a thief? I'd know boiler wlllt mv eyca ahull" "I I don't know I'll bog hla par- Ion and any that . No, I won dither! lie would probably havo taken it If ho could so there!" And with that alio spread her wlnjra and sailed nwav, and Ibo ollicor ivAildled nflor, and tho Niiperiutenden mid 1 had a eljjiir to.elltor and iiRreiv that, this was a ipioer world. .1. Quail, in Ddroit t'rec Pre. About six million pounds, of evnporntod apple nro now annually .ixpoi'lod from I hi country to huropo, Tlio fruit U sliced by iniichinery Into pieces about ouo-sixteonth of mi inch diick, mid then exposed to tho fume of sulphur Instead of drying in thn sun. After drying tho fruit Is nearly is wliilo lis when llrsl sliced, and sell readily In tho ' European market at llfloen cents pel' p-iund, a bushel of apple milking about six pounds. Captain Louis Votfelsmi'j, whil drodgliiir with his ovster schooner nt llio mouth of Patapsoo river, Mary' land, brou&rlit UP a common stone ehhia plalo on which wore throo oys tern as if ready to ha oaten. Tlio oy ters had attaohial themselvos to the ihio. Philadelphia ValU OREGON NEWS. Everything of General Interest in a Condensed .Form. Crook county is lo have a now jail. K.iilrotid men nro prospecting Mor row county for a line. Diphtheria is prevalent in some parts of of Douglas county. A large number of brick buildings are being creeled in Albany, The bridge acroxs llio Yamhill al Dayton has been condemned. The poHtolli'U) at Dilley, Washing- ton county, bus been discontinued While men havo t ikon tho pi wo of Chinese on tb (Jold IIi!J sec i ion of railroad. Tho right of way for the lailro ul lias Ih'oh secured from Aidilaud to tlio Cal ifornia line. Thefl,(KX) foot-raci) at Astoria be tween I'ute (inmt and I'd Ilea was dii' f lared a lie. A little grandson of XoaH Hhank, of i Crowiisvillo, full into the river and was drowiitsj. Henry Ilurlon, who recently camo to Oregon for bis livullh, died on (he train near The Dalles. Thomis Washburno, who lived across tiie river from llarrlsburg, was found dead in his bed FicdJio Howe, tho 9-ear old son of I Mr. and Mrs. I). K. Howe, who live at Sollwood, waa drowned in the Wil- lauictte. Artkles incorporating the Portland ruction Company havi la-en mod ith the Secretary of Stats. Incorpora tors, Htlph Kaiilfman, 1). F. Sherman and Ch irks Kennedy, Capital stock, 2WiW. The object is to build street ilways in various street in Portland. A new cannery is being built on the ixiiill(, near I'ershbakcrs null, by io Mount Hood racking ('omoaiiy, Inch will be ready by tho lime tish- g commences, it win have a ca- maty uf 400 ciscs dmly. J. W. Iiimc s cannery, above rarkoreburg, Inch has lieen changed to a steam annery, has a capacity of 700 cases a! UBV. , .1 .. a. Alice May, daughter id John May, f Heaver Creek. Clackamas countv. nd her sister, several yfsirs younger, started out tJ gather berries. The horse liecamo frightened and unman ages I ile. Alico said to her sister, Slide oil, there's no use of us both be' ing killed." Her sister olteyed and es caped with but r.'giil iujuries, but lieu was tliniwn, ansl, raving ber Itsil in a strap insteatl of I he stirrup, was ragged a considerable distance and faulty injured. William llci'glo, who died at the res- louce of his daughter in Pendleton as one of tho earliest Oregon pio ueers. in the spring oi 41 lie drove his cattle over the Caw-ado mountains the first that were ever taken across the trail. He etdahlishcd the first while tchool in the Slate. This was what ia now cilled Washington county and in the year 1S15. He, i th live other, built the brst Prot estant church in the Stativ. It whs ledicHlcd to the wortdiip of (iial by the Haplist denomination. A dispatch from Ahlan l says: The Chinese lalsirers at the Sihkiyoii tun- ntd wcro paid olT, and si II o clock at night, while congregated iu tho store f Charlie Din. a linn-kod inoh, csti- mated at thirty or forty, altacked the store and la'gau tiring. The China- men offered no resistance. Thev were all roblad. They claim their loss at INIMJ. Ono woman was shot in the thigh a flesh wound. A boy was the fruit cools the cover can be tight shot in tho spine and his recovery is ened, and this should bo promptly doubtful. A man was beaten over the done, so that no air may bo allowed to head with a idiot-gun and liis fcknll enter. Sometimes the fruit will set fractured. It is culimaU-d that 150 lie so that a little space will appear at hols were tired. . ... r t i it i A man by the name o Bumh.dThas secured the right from the government to hah on tho Klamath Reservation at tho mouth of tho Klamath river. On of tho conditions is that llumhott shall ny tho Indians a certain price for (he hah which are caughl by them. K. 1 ! I unto has found thai the State Leg islaturo lias declared llio Klamath a navigable stream and that he has the right lo navigate said stream and hsh therein. Hence ho httcd np a fishing limit and proceeded to the Klamath and anchored in tho stream and began to fish. Tho Indians threaten to kill Hume's men if they fish there The settlors along tho Klamath fear troti hie and they are arming themselves. The Secretary of the Interior has concurred in the recommendation of the Commissioner of the General Land Olfico of May 10th last, that a Coin- mission lie appointed to mako a Ihor ough and exhaustive investigation of tho condition of tho V illanielto al- ley and Cascade Mountain agon Hoad.Hie Dalles Military Uoad and ino uregon voiurai agon ivoau, in i ji...i.i if t . . i this Slate, especially as to whether said roads have been constructed, and whethor or not tho certificates of the Governor of the completion of said roads were obtained by false and fraud - ulent representations nindo by parties interested m obtaining Mid land, l lie Secretary hits appointed John B. Mo- Name, of Cleveland, Ohio, now of mo Aitjtiiani uenerais oitico, w rep- rescnUhe Department on Ibo Com mission, and will soon npiHiint two otheis to represent the General Land wince, on reeom inclination oi ine Commissioner. Tho investigation will bo commenced eaily in August. Com- phuntis made lo the General Lund Olllce that neither of the wngon roads havo been completed according to law, although their completion has boon duly certified to by tho Governor of Oregon, Tho grants to these roads ag grcgate about 2,0000,000 acres. AGRICULTURAL Devoted to the Interest of Farmer and Stockmen. CaanlaK Pratt. Canning fruit i a very efficient muaiia el prcw rvini? It in a whole aiune condition, but it ia a proceu which di'iiiaiiiln careful tnariBgcment lo make it r. aiieceaa. Tin cans are aonietimo. uaed, but gluaa jaia are now so cheap and are so much better that they Hhouhl always be preferred. In the end they are cheaper, an they last much lotigiT than tin. Tin rarm ar liable to injure the flavor alo. There an acveral excellent kimla of fruit jars on tlio market. In canning fruit two things must be most carefully attended oi failure is cei I ii in : First The fruit must be sufficiently cked. Hecond The air must be excluded and the can hermetically sealed. 1 be best fruit should be selected and that which is not overripe. It should kept as clean as possible, so that little or no washing will be required, as this is iuiuiious to many fruits. Pick over carefully and wash quickly, if washing is necessary. Either steam oi stew, adding as little water as pos sibleand as little sugar as will suffice to make tho sauce palatable, bweet fruits require none at all, and none is necessary to the preservation of the fruit. Steaming is rather preferable to slewing or boiling, as the fruit is less broken and its natural flavor is bolter preserved. A tsircelaiu lined kel la should be ustnl, as all kinds of metal kettles arc likely to be corroded by the acids of the fruit. Tho fruit need not be cookel so much that it will fall to pieces, but it hould be so thoroughly scalded that i v. ry part of it will be subjected lo a high degree of heat, in order that all of the genus from which fermentation originates may bo destroyed. Simply heating is not sufjicieiit. Some kinds of fruit require longer cooking than others. The length of lime varies about as follows : Boil cherries five minutes; raspberries, blackberries and tie currants, six to eight minutes ; halved peaches, goose berries and grapts, eight to ten nun- uU s; sliced pineapple and quince and halved iiears, iiltecn to twenty minutes; strawberries, thirty minutes; tomatoes, thirty minutes lo two hours. While the fruit is cooking prepare the cans in which it is to be placed. Thoroughly scald them so that there may be in them nothing that will in duce decay. To prevent breaking when tho hot fruit ia placed iu tile can, it may be heated by pouring into it hot water and quickly shi.kmg it, so that all parts may be heated equally, or the can may be placed in cool wa-1 ter and gradually heated lo the roouisite degree. Dry heat is equally ellicit nt, and may lie applied by keep ing the cans in a moderately hot oven while the fruit iseooking. Some place the hot can mam a folded towel wet in cold water, which coois me uouom anu so prevents cracking. This method is very convenient. When tho fruit is properly cooked and the cans are in readiness, first place in the can a quantity of juice, to that, as the fruit is put in, no vacant place will be left for sir, which lseonie- times quite troublesome when this precaution is not taken. Then add the fruit. If any bubbles ol air chance to l loft still, work them out with a fork, spoonliandle or straw, r ill lue can full and immediately put on tho cover and sciew tightly. If the can is unpleasantly hot, it may be ee- curely held by passing a towel around it and twisting the ends together. As the top. If you are sure the can is tight, do not open to refill, as you will L ,;,,,,, make Ul0 can quit0 M tight again unless you reheat the fruit, in which case you would bo liable to have tho sumo thing occur again. Some allow tho fruit to cool about ten minutes before adjusting the covers. This gives time for it to cool and set tle. Tho can is then idled with hot sirup and tightly sealed After filling and tightly sealing, placo the cans in a cool place and watch them closely for two or three weeks, when they may bo set away it there is no i-igns of fermentation. Should any such signs appear, open (ho can immediately, scald tho fruit thoroughly and seal as More, being vprv rnrefol to examine the cover and Lee if there are not some imnerfection wi.;,.h nrovonts tho perfect exclusion 0f ftir gmttu fru',t and tomatoes may be nerved in h:itt lea or iucs bvseali.ur wjt, wax. Thoroughly heat tho bot- t0 or i,,,, aluj put in the fruit, first putting in iuico as when using cans. shako down well and refill. Then I . ... - . mace two thicknesses of clotli over .i,,, mouth, insert a tiuhtlv fittinir cork Rmj thoroughly cover tho whole with lm)Ued wax. Tho following is a good roci no for tho wax : Ono Pound resin. hw0 pound beeswax and ono and a n)Uf ounces tallow ; melt and mix When canning in glass vessels, care nuwt bo used to protect tho vessels from draughts of cold air, or they will b0 Utti,lo to break. - Apples, pears, quinces and peaches uhoiild be tiarcd and cut into nieces Lnuill enough to can conveniently. In canning, they may be arranged in the can with a fork, if desired, tho juice wno nficrward added, but care must h)0 exercised to got out all air bubbles, I wliicli are very liable to occur when t,;8 u.Ukk1 is adopted. The skins mfty bo very expeditiously removed from peaches by inuneraiug them in boiling water for a minute or two and then rubbing with a coarse towel. This is best done when they have just reached maturity, but have not become very mellow. The Haalt lean, t'arinpr. The booklets farmer is a one-horse farmer with a life-long ambition to gain a reputation for wearing a dirty shirt. He will alu rm the neighiiorhood by gelling up two hours before day, then sit around and not go to work till after sun up. He will complain of hard times, then tear his pants climbing a fence where a gate ought to bo. He will pay $:i for a new btidle, then let the calf chew it all to pieces before Sunday. He will get his neighbors to help him in getting a cow out of a bog, then let her die for want of attention. Strx'k will get in and destroy his crop at a place in hi fence that he has been putting off repairing for six months. Ho will talk all day Sunday about what he knows about farming, then ride around the neighborhood Monday looking for seed potatoes. He will go in his thirtsleeves on a cold day to show what he can stand,! then return home at night and occupy two-thirds of the fireplace till bedtime. He will ridicule the mechanism of a cotton planter, and then go out and mash his thumb nailing a board on the fence. He will go to town on Saturday and come back with 50 cents worth of cof fee, a paper of pins, a dollar's worth of chewing tobacco and his hide full of whisky. He is economical; economy is his fort. He will save ten cents worth of axle greate and ruin the spindles of a 70 wagon. He won't subscribe for a newspaper, but will borrow one from his friend, and his wife or daughters will forget that it was borrowed and paste it upon the wall. And it may be added that be will spend a dollar treating a set of black guards and loafers, and let his wife a.id daughters go in rags for want cf 50-cent calico dresses, which he is too poor to pay for. He will leave his plow in the furrow and corn unplanted to go to town to hear a political speech, and spend the balance of the day telling what a 'InW his candidate is, and what a fool and rascal the other tarty has nominated. He is "wiser in his own conceit than ten men who can. give a reason," and "though yon bray him in a mortar like wheat, his foolishness will not de part from him." 1 Mrge r Mauall rarsM, The question occasionally comes np whether large or small farms are re ally best for the community. In this country there can hardly be a ques tion. It i true that on large farms, well conducted, the crops are raised, the stock kept and Uie animal and their products marketed at much lower cost of production than upon small ones, provided the small farmer reckons his own time and labor and that ol his family at the same price which the large farmer or company pays for the same kind of labor. Nevertheless he regard his own independence as worth a good deal to him, and so it is. This independent feeling this being "his own boss" costs him just the projxir- t:onate dillerence betweeu his profits and those of the larger farmer. The community is, however, bene fitted by having many of these inde pendent, hard-working citizens in place of a few larger corporations employ- ing mostly single men, and but few men with families. Every well to do small farmer, who by his hard work and good business habits is improving his condition year by year, is ambi tious to own more land, to hire more help and to increase his profits. When his weak or shiftless neighbor gets into difficulty he loans him money and takes a mortgage; thus the bigger fish eat up the smaller fry, and the tend' ency to larger farms is inevitable. If things go wrong on Hie big farms they are broken np, sold in small par ticles and small farms again come into possession. One hundred and tweniy-threo new Granges have been organized in the United States so far tho present year, against a total of uinety-ono for all of last year. Iu hungry hens, that is hens that are always kept hungry, there is no money, but bctwien a well-fed hon and ono that is over fed there is a vast difference. A hen that is made to scratch for everything sho eats is in but little danger of eatir.g too much, Flint, in his work on the grasses, ia speaking of timothy, remarks that at the time of blossoming it has a greater percentage of flesh, fat-forming pnn ciples, and less woody fibre than most other grasses. It is of interest lor lur mors to know which grass is most prof itable for them to grow. To be the most profitable a horse should bo able to lierlorm six good days' work out of seven, and farmers who would make tho best of everything from a financial standpoint must be ready and willing to dispose of their horses whenever Uiey begin to snow signs of failure through old ago, or are accidentally disabled. The Dayton (W.T.) Chronicle, which was destroyed by lire a tew weeks ago, comes to us this week in a new dress and as newsy and fresh as ever. presents its usual neat appearance typographically. The publishers say that the now dress "was purchased of rainier O Boy, the, printers' supply house, Portland, who are also cslab lished at Los Angeles, San Francisco and New York. Aftor studying cata logues we are satisfied that Palmer Hey cannot be beat on the coast f material and terms." lrtland World, Ail Epitome of the Principal Events Now Attracting Public Ioterat Ernest Kammy fatally shot his wife and himself at Philadelphia. R. B. Clathem shot and killed J. 8. Harkins, Jr., at Lexington, Miss. General Itichard Itowett dropped dead at Washington Park, Chicago. Alexander Gassman, of San Fran cisco, committed suicide in New York. John Dalloff was shot dead st Lyon., Col., by a man named Dyer, who after ward committed suicide. Joseph C. Kennedy, a well known attorney, was assassinated by John Daily, a laborer, in Washington. It is reported at Detroit that the steamer Arid ran down a boat con taining five persons, all of whom wero drowned. Morgan, the New York bicyclist, has broken the world's record for a quarter of a mile, having made the distance in 33 J seconds. Peter Burkhardt, aged 70, a wealthy farmer near Petersburg, Indiana, hav ing become jealous of his young wife, deliberately shot her dead in the prea enco of their four-year-old boy, and then killed himself. A t Trenton, N. J., Dr. Cat ter broke his previous record of breaking 1,000 glass balls in 4a minutes. He accom plished the feat in 41't minutes, and only missed twenty-four out of 1,030. Housed a repeating rirle, two mn loading besides himself. The St. Anthony elevator, trill) structure, the largest in the Northwest, located near Minneapolis, was totally destroyed by fire, together with the contents, 1,100,000 buhels of wheat. Loss on building and machinery will be $250,000; on grain, 82'i,000; in surance, unknown. The wheat de stroyed was one-tenth the visible sup ply of the Northwest outside of Du luth. At Montrose, Col., Mrs. C. A. Heath went to a neighbor's on an errand, leaving three small boys alone in the. hou-:e. Shortly afterwards one of the boys went to his mother and told her they had built a fire, and for her to come home and get supper for papa. The mother, mistrusting something was wrong, hurried home and found the building in . flame, and her two sons burned to a crisp. The Indian Commissioner at Wash ington has received a telegram from lite agent at the hpokane reservation saying that the sheep men were driv ing their flocks across the reservation in large numbers, to the injury of the Indians. He asked for troops to drive them off. The Commissioner therefore add rested a letter to the Secretary of the Interior, asking that troops be sent to Spokane agency as early as possible to aid the agent At Clinton, Iowa, four people were shot during a "Wild West" perform ance of Sells Bros', circus. George Harrington, aged 17, was shot in the forehead and will die. Mrs. W. A. Laml'rtson was shot in the left breast just above the heart, dangerously. ' allace Phillip, aged 10, was shot on top of the head. He is not very seri ously wounded. One of the Indians was shot. How badlv he is hurt is not nown. He was immediately taken away. JNo cause is given for using bullets, except that the cowboys got the wrong revolvers. It was done dur ing the encounter of cowboys and In- lans in the ring. About a year ago railroad telegraph ers formed an organization of their own, and since thr.t lime the order has grown largely, both east and west. At the coming session of Congress they intend to- ask the passage of a bill, and they claim to have Congres sional inllueuce enough to do it, mak ing it a penal offense for any railroad company who employ a telegraph op erator who directs the movements of passenger trains who has not beeu granted a license. Licenses will be issued by tho government, the appli cant being required to pass a practical examination, to produce evidence as to his moral character and habits, and to be of proper age. The volcano of Akoutan, on tho Island Akoutan, one of the Aleutian group, is iu a slate of eruption. The natives on this island report that the eruption has been in operation almost constantly since tho middle of May. Land explosions occur every few mo ments and largo quantities of rock are thrown up hundreds of feet into the air. ALnight numbers of streams of molten lava could bo seen coursing down the mountain sides, illuminating the whole country round about. Earth quake Biiocks are of ftequent occur ence on the island. A gang of Italian laborers were at work balaating on the Erie railway, noar lloboken. The Chicago express was an hour lato and rushed round the curve before the men had the slightest warning and dashed through them, killing twelve or fit eon on the spot and wounding many others. The shrieks of tho victims wero heartrend ing. When tho train slowed up tho track presented a sickening sight, be ing covered with mangled bodies, llio rails splashed with blood and broken limbs, wliilo pieces of ragged flesh were scattered in all directions. Some bodies wero mangled beyond descrip tion and crushed out of all semblance lo humanity. To most of tho victims death must havo come instantaneously, but some of thorn apeared to be yet quivering and lifo ebbing away when the train was brought to a stand-still. There was only fifteen minutes' delay, and tho train which had wrought so much disaster proceeded on its way from Allendale to lloboken.