I - i'--ic' p ' . J,,--'' ' -""JZ-- sz rv vw r. -":'. ' - - - -... ."v ji --v--,-. . -. - o o r; t .- ' , 1 ' " '- cV o i I II ' I - 1.1 J,.I...JM.J.M M-.. . 0 0 i I'll I 1 1 I (9p I 1 'j' ij' " VOL. 7. OREGON CITY, OREGON, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 53, 187 o NO! 49. o c c v; 'a i It J t -JO I o ' ' Pi H t . 1 . - B ();1t tin : I-.,.- ,V((.llinir , ah lil-oa r(vul ninMcn, ? ',T -i- ud-ruilt thrr.no, ' -r 5 , .i'.rtiH- dainty tulips AV-'.-. h tlH u-ni-thisMown; r ..Vrll.f l! ' n'v-issus U a..-.. ;h- wintl'-s light nv:i ?s. Vv r ! '' '' , ; ;t1f'1lf '.v,., r. I hid .-lit. ntr still, :t hi!'- ! ' -lit 1-itticc Till '-!'' h:ui I cm the window-sill .-! ! ili'- d:tint v rose l.'-avcs "'pVt I inl;4-lust r there. Si till s lili 1 ; xlv culls tlif in 0 ''. . t . i 1 1 in ,mur dr.rk liiown hair. )lv ..wii. niv 1. :n:tifnl Anna, t ...in.-, till niv love I J ui ,.i:n-. till I t' 1! th" i;;i.v.-i.'n rMv ii-.-trt ' i'.n l:i.i" no 5iH.ro Till 1 sit in tii rich, swt J luster '( )i t !i'v ::irk : lue e es divine. And h ill a I lissiul r:i.tur(; T! o i i -iir t! : t li:dl niakt' thoo mine. O Shine -lit, hiinii!eif!iir nhilH t ! (..tilting s!t:.i"'. ' li ' still ; M- tniiiks lis liie i ini T h. r rainu nt i , e by tin- iu.i" w-sil 1 : 1 j - !-h, I ad ii d IHld-r the rii.ys! nil, i:: j'turc '. ih.- hour di aw s near ! S.h s.ie, tin. u P'-t!' ."1 .i phyr! TiS i'.. r le', 'tis h( r "oire 1 he;ir! 1 .. y. n think v. ; ' e :d! -one nrul.sir ? 1m truil:. 1 w i- h ou'd I i ell" ; I'm dvin i ;.i-nijht -. ith a I'.olliaeho, An.i v.iiir ln . ! ini? won't euro my c ! rch : "I'i-i n all;.' - tr.i ! .'''. ;'s :--r.stroUK, ll..v iii'.le oTrpi iise remains. ). st u-,"f ' 'Ti.ii ii n j lii. nss, h- n Jol'xs trt-t li'Vi'iiii their I n; ins." Car Sfhool ;..-. ks. (): r!f. i. i,'T r'. iu.ic r::sri:r( r:ox, ) Si.!.m. )K:y;N. S-;-t. 2, lh7:J. I'nimty School Suv.'riiit lid- 1 :,!-;, Sc'ioo! Directors and Tctidicrs. a: :ui o'. 'I'-f-; w"1mi:i it tnav coTicern: 1 have ihe h..nor to aT.i.nince th:it th ii:-t li.e ve.l"rs and th ' .sjivller I .! th i' l.htic (.'oast l-.eries, with Hop- I !,;..-" .'.! i :.t:ai of Aiuevi-:in L leas in J !;.-; i-.i' a S:tli Hre.i.U i-. iiave lieen a- - ly a vote of tiie Coiin t v S:: . :;t;-:i.h-:: s. for u -n in the j-:;i. lie :.:-l;oo's (f O.'eL."')!! for l::c i" ..i;- year- in ( ),-toher 1st. 3S77. The vi -I s of .h" S '.jovi:. Undents :: ca fa-; i'o ' ! -.vs: i' .r :i:st live na.levs of JVc-i'.'.o f .i-t S-rh's: Si-i-t. ?.r-.Mi!s, of laker; iko v::, i f Deiiioa; Noltn-'.- of ('h'.elc a:a i : 3 1 t ; : i i i t l ' o. ( ' uiu! ia; Hack , of ('ii-;; ('aPi''vd. of (hirry; '! i. hi. ot l.n;-.l;is; I .ii:,!"s. of ( Irani ; A hiii s 'of .loej.iiine; i'eii.Li '.!'..-, ;' i.i'i": i"nic!i'. of Maron ; (iiT."o!'s, ..: 'ih i;:. of ihlh. mo. .k; tn de. ' I'm-tilla; Whi'.-. of L'nior; sitt.l j I ii.o. : f 1 1 i : 1 : io. ' 1 ! i - ::rd :. .' readers of Ilai'j.crV I'. . S ri -: Sap't th-nna v, of (hr. '.'i: "; .':ey. of .f:'ek.-ott; Stiles, o' i .ilia i ihl: 'it. i:i Miut:iin::li ,. :',o r'"iih'vs of V. ilsnn's .: :.l V Series. S'li'ds ! S'.".h :: :i. of W.i an.i Anderson, , l ; l . . . I , ?' : il 1. ;'. W.i-.n's JVieller: Srrt'ts Feti ..; Cintsop; Elliot, of'Mu'itno : i ih :!.! An. e rson. of Wasldugtoii I 'or Si 'riders' Xe-.v Speller: Supt. Linn 1. V. h- :e.--s Sp.elTer: Snot. Ste ps":' !. of .s 1 1 or i I' ll- ers" ! .; lest V or.is. , Ss- t. St.ir.l--y. of Ja -kson 1 . I' .11 inn' Manual of American ! V cp. ii .. ..f Sixth llea.h-r: Sni.'ts ?1 a i a. oi' p,..k"r; !.. wu, of P nion; . st; of 'i.i.-k.iinas; Hamilton, of ' ;V l'a'i -ia: Ca.i!:. hi of Curry; Todd, 5) sig' : Holmes, ot Gr:int:j A 1 i s oi" Joseph;:! Stanley, f j : ': ' : rvlite. of Linn: Knight, of I M :-;cs; Thiist. of lI:ii'i:o!:i!i; j of Polk; Trip1, of Tillamook ; j ' i ;!. of Um.it i il.i ; vVhiie, ofUnion 1 Sr. o!i. ii -on, of Wa . 17. r : Hopkins' "Man Ml, but not in 1;.-; .;' Sixth Header: Supt. I lacker, i i Co- I . A;:,h rson's IT. S. Historical it i h r. as Sixth Keader: Siipt. Ib n- I r.VM 1. 1. r Il .rper's F. S. Sixth Headier: San I'eioiav nf hatsoo 1. l "i- Wd-o'n's Sixlh Header: Supt. Ash-i ".. of Wa-hington 1. o i'ei- no Sixth 11 'a'h r: Supt. Hobb, of Yamhill 1. A- soon as a supply el bexiks can o ' ii.-o.- i'-,'d it is e pec ted the schools whi begin to introduce them, and Un:t thev will continue until all are fully introduced, id'ter which the use of other books in their stead will be; positively f. rbidden. Introduction O i be' ouiph ted by the 1st of Mir.-h. ls7l; rules in spe'eial cases ;;'i l for special re tsons upon dire-e-t application f() tiie Hoard ed Edueai t:oi further time is granted. i he customary introductory rates w.ll be given by the jiuldishe'rs on tic bo,.ks being a'.optcij. 'I hough Hopkins' Manual of Aiaerie-an Ideas 1 as been adopted in liu .f the Sixth Header, it is ex j.ected that it will be used net mere ly as a reader but as a book for the I- '-g-.uar instruction ef pupils ou the i'aportant study ef the sciem-e of i.'"". eminent. It is receMinnendeil th.it it be studie d in ail the public s-'hools, if iossible', whether thev nhl use a sixth reader er mt. Newspapers througlnnit the State v il uin-r a favor upen the patrons "t the public schools as well as upon t'; Hoard of Edu. ation by publish-h'-r at least the subsiance e.f this an- II- 'aiu-euient. Svl C. SlMl'SOX. Supt. of Public Instruction. " Mr. Stem, an English traveler y-'-i f.rrivcd from Central Afrie-a, re- 1 ' '- tliat he 7llef Hi- T ivimrctrtTld ill. i - , r i "s of voiir snow-white iil- yr,v 'I"; 1,1 V V' niv Vcuutifv rise, ' V.'to ho ( isoincnt window, A,V'"-v'l.- wiii'l through the cedars 2 ti"1 , sn,,I paited from him on i .," 1l f Julv. The Doctor was H n 1:1 pei-rt.ot henlth. i s I i I w A 3 ''I- -s """'"'l "p 1 1 - :. r I'.xtracts 1'roni IZx-Scjiator Xcsnrth's On the 18th of January, 1SCA), ex Senator Nesmitli mnd.e a spee-h in the Senate of the United States, in opposition to the "reconstruction" urged and adopted J,y the llepuhli can party. It is curious and in structive to note how nianv of the evils Mr. Nesmith predicted as the result of the adoption of that mista ken policy, have since letn realized Contrasting the wise policy of Presi dent Johnson as compared villi that of tl e - i"zau lh-puhlicans, yrr. Nesmith said: 3ut this oliey for restoring loval State governments has been equally iniportiiiit. lie did not chose to continue military occupation of the South, with the enormous expense and oilier attendant evils, any longer than was necessary. Troops were thertfore radnrdly withdrawn and disbanded and now the number re maining in that section is compara tively inconsiderable. 1'or military rule ci il rule has been substituted, and that is the only way in which it could l.e properly done by the ac tion of the people themselves. They en- invited to reorganize their State governments, and they have done so fully and completely. To this end delegates to Constitutional convention were chosen, Constitu tions formed, and subsequent elec tions fo- members of the Legisla tures, for Governors, and other offi ces have 1 ( en held. Perfect Statt governments have been re-establish ed by the action of the peoplo them selves in nearly all the States in ; question, which are republican in , ioi iu, aim cieariv onusioii to tiie pro tection of the United States under the guarantee clause of the Constitu tion. I denv all power in Congress, or the President, or in both combined, to l!l;ll;i :l StsttM ( ii 1 ti ill rf ,i I . - ..wwi., ... , muicu, nam wneii we snail nave. tie dictate any provisions which shall be come a more united people than be oontained in it. A Constitution i fore, with limn1i'v,.n...,n ii,t tiv. must be wholly made by the people bound together by a common senti- ; f'tory, for which it it is understood oer whom it is established, and can j ment of love and admiration for free i Captain Kellogg, the chief proprie he made or amen. led by no other j government ami Constitutional lib- I tor of tlie town, has given them laud persons wnati'ver. Inns have been made the new Constitutions of the Southern Stab--, are! their validitv immovable, fixed upon the ground that they are thus popular ia origin, while 3oy;J in object ui-d rep::; icati m if.nn. It is true that the pr. .edin; forming the re-w t 'oiistituiion . f..r ere initiated lv Ih ()visii,:,:d ( io . ernors appointed by the President and. a -l-ing uii:!e-- Iris diree::on. Il'it this cannot aii'ect the vr.ii.lity or merit of the Uonstituti :s i i i h. The Pro visionaH iovernors simply invited the people, to act in un ir sovereign ca pacity in reorganizing govern !iie.nt f r themselves, which was both nee-la-ci'ssa:-;." and roper un-.ler the cir- nasia:i".-.s whicli thosi exh-ted. L !:e!.- were no local j.iit!.oiitie or of-th-ers -o::ip -teiit to call conventions, or gho tlie.ia protection wliile in ses sion. al.1 hough ;i clear necessity for c. 'ii en i e.g existe I, it eivii rule was to supplant military rnh' in that sec tion of the country. Therefore the Prov isi snal G overuors, w!i.o r.-pre- seiiteu Ihe lJ:i:it.ry power in I HQ ! United t?tates for tiie time' being, in j order to the withdrawal ef that po-v- I er and to the restoration of valid and loyal State governments, we-re an- ; thorized to invite the pe'ople to se- I lecf. delegiite-s to Constitutional con- I entions in their respective; States, j The .-. conventions met an.t formed j Constitutieuis whii'h are unquestion ably good and lav.-ful, n-i because the making of them was instigated en- invited by Provisional love-rneirs, but lns-. use (as before slated) they were' in tact made by the people over whom they are established, and made in accord with the Government .f the Unitcl St.des. 'p;i!;.s the Union cm be re-sfored in its integrity, and all questions cemnee-te'd with its res to m tiem deposed of fore'ver. V.'hv. ttien, should, not the Senate and House. res; tivsly, proc i to consider the ;-ae -tions of meino. r- s'.io v.-lo'eli linii'-ciit bfUeire tllCUl. and eh'cid.e the'.n upon the same princioh s of wisdom and, magna- mmitv. and oat riot is.u. wnica nave characteri.e'd the President s cou-d.ue-t and poiizy with refe-rem-e io the Southern States? What good object is to be subserved by keteping open the question ef rev-rt oration, and dtdaying to the e-onntry the eiijoy men't of the fruits e.f victory and peaoe? These questions tie) net con cern the people; of the South ahum. They are interesting and important te the people of the whole country. It is elesirable in the' judgment of intelligent and patriotic men every -where- thrrmghont the land, that all the relations between the sections which were; interrupted by the war should be restored at the earliest oeissible meunent. Let (oiiiiueri'c revive; let trade re- j ... . . . . i i.e. r . ! sume us i-e-ast-ii'ss .u in u. , n-i r..e intercourse sue-ceeel te estiangeunerit and division, and let the political boiuls ef uniem be renewed in all the streuigth and brightness ef former times. Hy immediate recognition we will premiote and in sure the prosperity eu beth sections. Capital Avill go more; promptly into the'Semth fer investment; prexiuetion the will be incited; trade, and com merce will revive', ami sources ef revenue te the public Treasury will be opened ami enlarged. Kecognithm ami ropresentathm in Congress establish ami maintain a Republican principle vital to our system anel sanctified to us by the struggles of our fathers. We tax the South, and we shall tax it heavily hereaftor! The public necessities anel the principle of eepial taxation make this a necessity. Hut it will be unjust, eulious, ami anti-republican .....iwu-., utill tl-I CI - U Wile, illj i . . ... n ..i i io lax mem iviuiom aeimitling mem ie i ei u eseni.tiion in mai viovei uilieui bv which the taxes are imposed. ii. a. Finally, by recognition ami re- newed representation in Congress we restore all the great interns of the country, and thev will aain have a due voice in that Government by which the taxes are imposed. Finally, by recognition and renew ed representation in Cmigvcss, we restore all the great interests of the country, and they will aoain have a due voice in the Government and participate m the debates by which its policy is shaped and determined And it will be particular! v useful as well as just, that upon questions 'af fecting the Southern people their Representatives shall be heard before the laws by which they are to be bound shall be enacted. It.is equally clear and certain that Congress has no rightful power to determine a question of sutiYage in any State; that an attempt to do so would be a usurpation, and di recti v opposed to the fundamental division of powers between the States and the Federal Government: These quotations sufficiently indi cate the soundness of Mr. Nesmith's views on 'the great question of di- vision vt powers in our complicated system oi government. lie closed tiiis able speech witli the following peroration : Look at this great question -as yon will, and from any stand-point, "the conviction is forced upon your mind that we are to constitute" in the fu ture one great nation, and must live together as one people, professing the same religion, speaking the same language, and bound together by the traditions of the past and the hopes of the future. If this be true is it m,t better for us to forget and forgive the mst than to revive nnd L.,, alive ilie Jiateiul' animosities which . . . . ... . . i have come so near causing our mu tual destruction? I trust and be lieve that the time will come when till the tierce passions and hatred en gendered by tiie war will have sub- ..: 1 1 1 ' .1 . ' l ii i , erty. 1'ostenty will view, through I IVIUI " :irei powe r enough, liieir the medium of impartial historv, j eniplo. nient .f yf,-. Dotsford, a skilb the acts au l achievements of the j et "'m in.inufact nrer, w ho arrived public men of the present age, and ou he last steamer from Massach li the time in wliicli we uow a:id i fett.s "s their foreman and manager, act our pari v. ill be referred to as indicat-vs a purpose to do all that the. most potentious of any lieriod of . deniandis of business will retpiire the ast. The terrible crisis through ! al1' justify. Their location is ad which we have just tiassed will 'be ! nih'; steamboats pass their works ivl erred to as demonstral in -- the i ... ? - . jiouei oi a repiiojicau lorni ot gov lower or a republican lorni ot "ov- ernment, and as conclusive proof that the people have capacity to ad minister and preserve it. Let r.s then, in the language of the Presi dent "cast the disorders of the pa-t into oblivion." Let the children of those who have met upon the hel l of carnage imitate the generosity of their fatin rs, who cord.1, shake hand and ; hare thermic comforts of the bivouic with those so lately their mortal enemies; and let us hope that both s 'ctious may cultivate and fister that spirit of concord which siiail make our Union in reality '"one and iusepei able." 3!jer., Xarrulive er the Mutiny on the "i'tilaris." Nuw Yo:nc, Sept. Hh Sergeant Tdyers supplements the announce- lnt-nt of the safety of tiie remaining nie-moeis it t;u? J !ifts exoe n rion iiv tla fodeMving statement maele to a W.ishingtem corresiondent: "Ot what has been hearel about almost a mutiny created by Dr. Brissets, I can only say that I was the lunoce-nt cause. Hall enjoineil us to elrop all matters m re-lerence? to mv position as me-te-oredogist, astrememior and general member of the scie-utiiic kiv- .r .,,,.1 ... a. .!- e. , e i .. .. . .... I. U1K. II' ll.ll.l .T.lv . l .... I. '11 WII...1II e'al part ed the I'ot.tri.i navigation, especially to keeping Capt. Hall's nal. Dr. Hissets, an his part. edaime'd my services and 'nj.inf;el me to dej tiie' princijal s -ientille v.eii k. t!a.t. Hall and Dr. His-ets. with my kneiw led.L'e, consulted ahemt the mat- ; ter not m tne mo.it frienmy manner, and the I'.'.'IS'-illlCllC.! was tl'ht 1V. I Hissets informed Capt. Hall that he could be- returned to the Lniteei Statess it lie (t "a)t. ilall J v oum semi me back there, as lie had hinted. The Chief Engineer hearing of this, declare-d that he, too, would leave if . 1 Dr. Hissets re-turne'd, and the crew generally wen; so disposed. As so on as I hearel ef the intended breaking up eif ihe expe'dition, I went to the Captain and told him I would not eeono.se his comma-id. but was rea.lv i- l . . . , . the; presence of the crew nt vessel was beyon.l civilization Tnr. PeiLiTi. A Aspect in WiintooT. The Oregon Congressional election takes place on 3Ion.lay, the lhth e.f next mouth. Hcpublicans may ex pect to see their eandielate defeated by merre or less theusands of votes, no exlds who the " Copj.erheMds may pnt acrainst him! The party leaders ami Hepublican journals try inn. to shiver over and excuse the einbodiment of: Se.luctiou, elesertion, adulterv, embezzlement, bigamy, and strong pmnnds of suspicion for a still greater crime, will not be en dorsed by the Republican rank and file! Vf'ttcon. The Pkksipext's Gr.u;. TheMas sachusetts Hepublican Convention, savs the Walla Walla $t,ttetna, con demned the President's action in tne rr-t , - 11, I n f inroiisf,! nav. lhisisthe ; maieei ji i . l" A i mm i ii'mii i-muic""-'" ........ - j ...-j- , r..; 1 ventured to question the I resident tirst He.nblican coumi , -Tstiir.l to otiestion th honesty in gobbling up 6100 ,000. to fulfill his elesires ratiier than Pe ........, ....... .j., the cause e.f dissension. He at .nice costs our woolen nulls t0 per ,ay agreeel, and said, I only would keep oi 12 hours for pow er aeone; s.,0 tor Ins journal. I might attend to as i for engnicer and tire- 7 t-c . it..- nivn.il.hiiVc,. man. It e-osts von hardlv .JO ler mue-li scientdic mattei as v. ouni einei " . T . , A, . itself to me So ended what has the same power. It costs Us .he m- beeu cons r md vs a mutiny. Capt. terest on $W worth of real es- HaU .lid not refer to the matter in t"te for our W erks TJ ct von 1 Oswego Iron Vorks. The remark has been made that iron is worth more than gold, Us- i timated by its numberless uses, the j comparison is true, and an iron mine i will enrich a people more surely and i more largely than a gold mine. The j iron mines of great Jlritain have j drawn to that kingdom the riches of i other countries for centuries past, ! and the fear of their exhaustion ! al.'irms iron mongers and statesmen j alike. The fact that one of the lar- i gest iron manufacturing establish- j ments of that realm worth millions i is reported as about to be trans- j ferred to the hank of the Delaware river, contiguous to the vast iron j and coal beds of Pennsylvania, as an ' omen that the United States are to be among the greatest, if not the fore- j most producers of iron manufactur ers in the world, as England and i Scotland have been. It is a. pleasing 1 that this metal is so widely and pro- i fusely distributed as to prevent any ; fvieai monopoly in its production. ! I-i!iis;, lvania gains immense wealth ' annually because their enterprise 1 has been foremost to develop their' iron mines. The Iron Mountain of ! Miissouri only waits the hand of la- i bor and capital to enrich that State. : AVe are not obliged to send to the ' East or the West, to England or to Sweeden for our iron, as we have done for twenty-rive years past. The : hills about Oswego, seven miles up the river, and near its hanks, abound : with iron ore of the richest and most highly carbonized kind. The pro ducts of the furnace, two years ago, : in ' pigs" and in the castings, espe- : cially the xow .equalled any brought to this market. 1 1 was a calamnity ; to tnis city and to the State when the fires were allowed to die out in the stack. It is a corresponding gratification that the company now' resume the business of mailing v.jg j iron, with the prospect of perma- i neuce. It will be a gj-eater gain if ! 4-1. . i. 11'.. - i nie fan ronnig miiis ana a naii ',... 1 Jltl h- nines 5. ,!Uy sotnat siuj:ments ... i . i ii . , . 1,111 i: ioe ar smallest cost in all ;ili directions into tl mteiaor lis am settlements, or outward upon tee ocean. A w feet fall, with a er power of lt!H ake reserve three miles long by a half a mile broad, I fed by the Tualatin river, give.-: an ample supply for all their purpo.-es, and for a great variai v of other man- uhicture.-. it is t spial to a river ten : tine s as large with a ton foot fall ' such as any great corporation, in Ili-tm, like that which built no: Lowell ; lid L awl ence b "':o- i cho.-te-r, N. 11., and .'vistn, Maine, I would eaj erly urclia- and use to ' the utmost for all kinds ef mauufac- j tures. i ' l nHi!Uin Y-'dicy. lor fifty mihs, 1 i "as the largest amount and thctinc.-t i i kinds and varie ties of limber, such ! as "k, alder, naq.lc, ash, pine, e-e- j ' cFxr and lir for wagems auel e-arriags ! ; anel agricultural machinery, and for j """"ii-- oio ouuiuug, eu any re- i triOU et eoua sr in (;...; i - x ' v - ill V7 i. i-ll J. Vrashinglon. It is lh; most 'acces sible and the nu)st easily transport ed em the Tualatin river ami its branciies, which through this whole winds abeuit i region, and ef I which the; pass at Oswego is the best j outh t lor cemmerc:al urj)oses. I -1 l!ds lake' aiul river e;f water is ; he'ld and contvoi led l.i- o .1.,, . - - - - ' - t. V-.. ' tend.ing from the; rock hanks across j tlo stream hardly men-- than 200 fe-et i hmg and twenty feet high. j The opportunities for either man- ufacturing enterpnY.es e,r for milling as the abundant v, heat of the' Tualatin Plains can e a -ily and cheap i ly float by this route p, market- are very oovious te the mest casual i observes A lea. ling maun fact urer from San F ranch c last fail examined these ore heels and iron works, anel took a map ef the whede regieui, draineel . i . .1 . i i - -t ... "A auaisiin, anu expressed Jus 0. ......... 1-. .... '-.x.e-1, and the one at Oregon City, wen? not ' used by our capitalists to le velop our great l-esources, which lie so near and so abundant. He; re marked: "You can make mein-ev the interest of hardly Sf20,00!l. Your workmen can live as cheap as ours, the raw material costs you but little, if any. mere than it does us. You gain coO, at least; per day in power, and where- a mill is run 24 hours, you gain 00 per el ay and the inter est of SoO.onO constantly. So you sea' that you have ilm advantage e.f us in manufacturing, ami yem can ship almost as easily to any part of the world. If your mer chants and rich men w ill spend a part ef the money which they are putting into tine houses anil stores, in establishing manufactures so near their homes, and se uueler their con trol, as Hoston merchants elo, they will have a ce.nstant and growing business prosperity; your city will increase, and your pee.ple will all find work enough, anel you w ill have home ami foreign markets for your predictions. Your State needs this kind of enterprise. It takes but lit tle capital to start any manufactory. Hegin small, but with the latest and best machinery, and a good foreman. The labor question will adjust itself. i .flw..-. H-1 ... i . . . r Till-, n cl.ini M t !f I ifi t ... IiT ine s.ime; amount "i ie.ii i-m-iu-, i COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, All w ho are willing to work will find enough to do. We, of this coast, have the advantage of England in this respect, and before 2 years, perhaps in 1, we will lay down our woolens in Liverpool, cheaper and better than they can make and sell them at homo. We produce the raw material and we can make the goods." - Upon further inquiry we find that the water power, which this gentle man estimated to cost $10 per mill, per day of twelve hours, actually costs the manufactory at Oregon City not more than .- or 4 per twenty-four hours. The Oswego power can be procured equally cheap we presume. Capt. J. Kellogg informs us that the Tualatin liiver Navigation Com pany will soon sell lots in Oswego. As an earnest of their intentions, the new Iron Company have employ ed lot) Chinamen who are .engaged in cutting wood, which is being' rap inly converted into coal. About oO men are employed in hauling wood, burning coal and gftting out the ore. A considerable quantity of the ore has already been dug out and delivered. The new company pro pose commencing active? operation about the first of November. The services of two experienced colliers have been secured by the new com pany. Jn addition a third collier arrived on the last steamer in com pany with Air. Potsford. Tiie next steamer will bring still another. The new company evidently mean business if appearances are to be taken as eidenee of that fact. The following gentlemen consti tute the Board of I directors of the new Companv: Ifenrv Failing, W. S. Ludd, C. II. Lewis, T. A. Davis, and ?.L S. Lurrell; Vice President, T. A. Davis; Secretary. P. (J. Schuy ler; Superintendent. Chas. E. liots- (Jr. int'.tt. . -s. m Hie working man gets his share? of newspaper sympathy, t;ays the San J: raneasco J:.ruaim:r. It is due To the wen-king women that to say, oc casionally, a word in behalf of her claims to popular favor and equal human rights. The conditiem of the single woman, whose' lot it is to la hor for a living, supporting herself and very f re-.p.iently de-pemient rela tives, is a hard one-, and eh-serve-s the r.e-rie'us and thoughtful consider ation of all who may j o isess the will and ihe lue ans to do aught" towards its melioration. It re-mains to be proved w hether or not the masses of singh' weme-n e-an snjiport them .t !cs lo- holiest work. In all our great e-itiess it is an undispute'd fact that many of them cannot ami ele list live en the- average wages the-y le c.-ive. In New York the Smi savs six (h-Iiars a week would preb.dly be; a hi estimate of the a e-rage prie'e i;iiei for w.euneai's labor, ami six eloi lars e'annot j.ossibiy be made' to give a l e-spee-t a! tie siij.pe.rt to a woman under t!i; existing comht ions e.f so-cie-ty in this i-ountry. It cannot furnish her with food, lodging, and e-Iothing, ne.t te) spe ak ef car fare's, eloctors' bills, and either nee-e'ss.-.ry iuciele.it.ils. Tl e eliihc. It es sui l'ounding the'1 single; woman worker in the way of obtaining res-pe'e-table; lodging anel board increase every ye ar, and every -eH'ort te l'.irm eir gaidzatieuis among them for mutual benefit fails entirely, or falls so far short of the e xigencies of the case as te be- equivalent to a failure. This state of things certainly can not tcml te the; development of a high type of weunanhejod among the working classes. Though this may be but one of the e-auses, it is 1111 e.oul.tedly one te which we; may trace a givat ileal e.f that low stand ard of morals among the masses of single women whie-h renders the rule e.f eie barring Hie; whole eif them from the pri viliees S gm-sts at re s .c e-ta-bh; watering daces and city hotels absolutely ne-eossary. Hut doe's not the nece ssity for such a rule, togeth er with the actual wants of working women, point to another great neeul, that ot having heite.-ls and bearding house's of all grades for ivspeetahl? single w ome n only? Is not the pre serxation of geioii morals among the we.rkingweijne-n of Amerie'a sulliedent ly eh-ar to -American men tei imluee tli-m to buihl and establish such he.ttd ami lunises; or to ahl the work ing women not only with their money but also with their inimlsV Zacii.M'.y T.wi.on's Tom it. I'-ctwcen fi e-:: mi si m il-es from the e-ity. on an olisrure ih ighl.orhood road, quarter eif a mile from the' brownshero' road, rest the remains of the 1'Jth Prevalent of the I'niU d States- Zaciirv Taylor. The grave1 is sit uate-d in the ioi the;ist corner oi'tl'.e Taylor farm, and it is mortify ing to re late' t hat it is in a sadly liocle-e-l-e. 1 euiidii ion. unei'TPrush. wccils and ailiantus trees re-ndering it ve ry eiiili cult of access. Xo monument has ever been e-ree'ted to ieiieral Taylor's memoiy. The remains lie the-r" in a plain vault Imilt in tUo side' of a hill, wiih a marble sla'o over the- eloor bear ing the iiu-rini ion : '.. Tayi-oj: : Pe.P.N NoVK.Ml'.KK '24. 17S1, 1IKI Jri.Y !. ls-i'l. The 'lace doe-s inde-e'd apiear forcrot te n. .V stone- wail enclose'S the little grave'yard. and a rusty and unusual irui gate; frown upon the; visitor. It evidently has not been opeaied for years Colonel lirichard Taylor is buried to the right ef Cene-ral Taylor. An obe lisk e ighteen feet high is erected eive-r his grave. beM ring the inscript ion : '-( 'ol. Kie-hard Taylor, a soldier of the Rexe lutionary var, aiul a native of Orange? county, Virginia, born April.-', 1711. die-d January lf'.'l-,'." '!. Tayleir came into this State? while his son .ae-hary was an infant and se-t-tlejd on the plantation where' lie is now burieel. Louisvill Ceiurier-Journal. Lixr.risTtc Talent. The Post master General of Maelras, India, has a very mean estimation of lin guistic talent. He advertises for a clerk who can real, write ami speak -I.- .! ,-l, TTin.linrenr.,' 1 : Til 1 nii-'i'. iiiiiuii.-i.uii .viiiuie. juora. Gazerati anil Mahratti, i "I",", ... ' and all for 811 a month. Interviewing the Jeiarted. In the Uniteel States civil liberty j is understood to be the right to vote 1 and to hold cilice, anel republicanism . to consist in the election of a Presi- ! elent every four ami a 'Congressman i every twe years. If there are any ' other conceptions ef liberty ami re?- ' pubiicanism than' these, they Fehlom ' make their appearance in the sayings ' of public men or the literature of i political parties. We boast that we j enjoy only the inestimable advantage ' of living under a free government; the freest of any upon the face of the j earth; and yet when called upon to ! enumerate the benefits we elerive ! from this government, we find them j amounting to this, that we are emti tied to vete as often as theopportun- i ity is ailbrded, to hedd otiiee if we can secure an election or appoint- j ment, and collectively to choose a President every four and a Congress ! every t wo years. i The living American patriot who j is supposed to have been educated at j the expense of the State ami to be, ! therefore, endoweel with all the polit- '' ical virtues anil christian graces ! would gladly make the catale.gue of I the bh'ssigs whie-Ji we receive from this free government e.f ours consiel erablv larger. At lea-.t such was the ; epinion with which we commence-d ' our search after said patriot, with the intent te "interview" him upon ' the subject e.f free government in : general and upem that of Auierie-an I free government in particular. The; history of the labors under- ' peine; anel the perils e-ncemntoreei by a reporter in epicstif the living Amer ican patriot we.nld rival in interest that of Livingstone in his pursuit of the Nile en- of Stanley ia his e-hase after Livingston. The details, how ever, must be, for the present, omit teel; especially as the seaire-h was un productive. This not because we have not an abundance of patriots fen- indeed th supply ef these, is fully Uj to tiie elemanel but bcnuse tliey were, one and all, too fully occupied to give tiie matter the ir" attention. One was found absorbed in lheeiue s tion whether it wouhl be safe for him to keiep his back-. ay, or whether, all things e-ousidere'el, it wouhl not be advisable to retai n it to the, Treasury. Another 'was preparing his -papers with a view to a possible? innpertinent inquiry inte his private affairs by a cennmitte'e sit the coming session eif Congress. Another was framing a bill having relation to a few hundivd millions e.f acres ef public lands through whie-h a railway was to pass of which lie is prospeetiely the pres ident. Se'veral were looking after the e'xeemtion ejf cenirae-ts awa riled to tluaa in cemsi.Teration of their jiublie virtue: especially that art of the execution which in making requisi tions upon the- Tre asury; and se ve ral others calculating the e-ih-ct ef future legislation upon the productiveness of their stoe-k in tin; banks oi' whie-h they eire iiiree-teus. They whose tonus were about to expire? we're? found to have their atle-ntion fixe'd upon the iiie-ans to secure another eh-e-tion ; and they whose terms were; beginning were equally absorbeel in plans to re-mhr thedr tolitical e.f as much benefit as possible te) the party most immeeliately concerneel, to-wit, themselves. In sheu t all were too busy to be willing to elevote time io the subject, and hence the ivporter was about te give uj the enterprise in elispair, wlien, by a lue-ky the.ught, it occur reel to him that perhaps in the other world the inhabitants are not se uni formly en'cnpie el. Having 2'asseelont e.f the region of rings and contracts, these denizens of the spheres, he guessed, might have hael the liesure to generalize their experiences ami digest their information; and, having neither their eonve-nlions imr elec tions U'fe.re them, to e-ommunicato w ith a fre-e'dom which wouhl hardly be safe- for sue-h as are nejt fortunate--ly situated. To )reicure; a proper me-diuni Avas a work of some eliiiie-ul-ty, but was at last r.e-complished ; and after the necessarily preliminar ies the process of interviewing the spirits commenced. The me'dium having ineiuired if there were any spirits e?f the Ameri can sat riots present, a sound was he'ani like the planting of a large feot heavily upeui the lloor. This was une"!ersteoel te) indurate the approach of the; late martyred Preside-nt. Maliiim. Is it Mr. Iune-enn? Sjn'fit. The same;, Ohl Abe, rafts man, rail-splitter, lawyer, Pre'sietent you know the rest. M. Do you spend any time look ing at affairs in the? Unheal State-s? S. A good ele-al we have an abun dance of time. They elon't hurry in this region as the-y lo in yours. Ge-orge, you have heard of him, Washingttm and I have been exam ining matters and comparing notes a ge.od ileal. I alme)st wish he was here; but the ohl fellow is so passion ate, takes things so seriously and swears such complicates! oaths at the way the world is going, that his speeches wouhl be hardly presentable in se deceirous a shee't as yours. He and old Andrew from the Hermit age. you know agree together amaz ingly, and I wish von cemhl hear them talk of the degeneracy of the times anel the rascality of modern politici ans. They reael over the? Po land report toge tlier, anel is hard to tell w hich they anatheniatize-el, -the roguery of the Crealit Mobihers or the cenvardice of the committee. d. Well, Mr. Lincoln, will you be gooel enough to state what, in yejur opinion, is political liberty. S'. Political liberty is the holding oft of the hands of the Governmt'iit from the people letting them alone. -V. Is there any way of enacting liberty ? S. None. Every statute is bond. If it eloes not bind in .one direction it eloes in another. M. Then vou do not consider that the sum of civil liberty is in x-oting" ami holding office? Xo. Yoting and holding office are symbols that may remain after the liberty has disappeared. The worst despotism of the wortd ik per fectly compatible with both. A peo ple taxed as the people of the United States are taxed can only imagine themselves free while thev'are drunk with the poison distilled "from party newspapers. d. Hut is not the elective fran chise self-government ? Are not they whe vete the rulers e.f the State? No; unless the holders of the franchise have the sense and virtue to govern themselves. Self-government begins with the individual citi zen. When he is reael v to submit to be lee! to the pedis like a mule or e! riven to them like an ox; when he lays down his free-agency at the com mam! of a caucus anel subordin ates his reason to the dictates of ;.v party, he is as apt an instrument as the worhl atlbrtls for putting a yoke upon his own net: anil pinning him? self to the earth umler the exactions of a eouf -cfeuceless anel spendthrift poiitie-a! establishment. Let theorists who have no eyes to see w hat is going on before; their faces, anel whose no tions ed politie'al tilings are eleriveel from the' remiancf's they call history, rat? as they may e-f the trespasses eif kings and the impcrionsness ol auto crats, there is nothing that can beat an e-lee-teil Congress in the auelacity of encroachment, anel no elespotism at once so humiliating and so inexor able as the despotism of the tax gatherer. Jf. Still, Mr. Lincedn, are we not increasing in our knowh-elge of the spirit of Republicanism iUid cemiing to a hotter understanding of the princiole;s of e-ivil liberty? S. N . It is no sign of wisdom or prudeuie-e in a people to go back upem their own traditions ami aban don the lessons taught by their an cestral experiences. The fathers e.f the republic may neit have perfectly understood what they were1 eleung when the-y laid its foundations, but where they had precedents they fol lowed them. ami w ere h-d in the right elirectioii. Perhaps they buildeel wiser than they knew, but their suc cessors of this period are construct ing more foolishly than they have the capacity, even if they were in formeil, to ceunpreheml. JIT. Hut, Mr. Lim-oln, if we are not growing more wise, are we not becoming more uirtuous? Senator Morton says we are. Here the foot of the spirit played up ami elown sei fast and heavily that his words were for a time inaudible; anel, after this hael snbsidc-el, his ut terance were interjectional anel inco herent. He was uiielerstood to say se.mething like the following: "A pretty example eif Republican virtue. It was well for him that the times elie! not admit of an investigation into his deungs ami accounts." This wasfol-lowe-el by obscure but vehement al inssions te Harlan. Pomcrevy, Wilson, Colfax, llowurel, and Patterson. An an attempt was made to innuirc some thing upon the subject of Ciesarism. but the spirit refused to answer for ihe present, and hwk his departure with exprcssiejms that soumleel like the following: This is civil liberty. to inaugurate a elvnasty of scoumlrels te) hug the chains because vou have helpeVl to put them on yejurselves to ghrv over the symbols of freoelom . after thev have" become the baelges of misrule anel abomination. What a people this was! What a people this is becoming ! On Friday, Sept. lh'th, the Reiu-e- sentatives of the Granges in the counties of Douglas, Lane, Ren ton, Polk, Clae-kamas, Marieni anel Linn, me t m Albany lor ihe purpose of organizing a Central Grand Associ ation. X. W. Garreson, Deputy of the National Grange, was i.resent anel elirected the procueelings of the meeting. Fifty-nine delegates were in aitenelance, embracing twenty-nine (ranges. Dr. W. F. Alexaander, of Linn, was elected te-nq.e.iary Presi dent, and a Constitution ami By Laws were adopted, after which the Association a.ljournoel to meet in the same place on the seconel Tuesday in October, w hen a permanent erga nization will be oilec-teel. The Con stitution preiviilcs that the meetings, eif the Association shall be hehl at Albany oai the seconel Tuesday of each mouth. The object ef this As sociation, as we are informeel, is to inaugurate anil carry into effect active measures for the protection of its members against inquisition from transportation companies ami grain eleahrs, ami to advance; the interests ejf agriculture generally. MiTe iiklt. Emoi:skt. The -Republican Convention o Oregon, by a vete of 03 te) 2!s, passeel a resolu tion te) sustain Senator Mitchell, in conseejuence eif which Judge Reu ben Roise withdrew his name as a canelidate for Congress. The Con vention then nominated Edwin R. Geary, who declined fe.r the same reason. After an adjournment anil consultation, Hiram Smith, a store keeper in the village of Harrisburg, was nominated for Congress witL small probabilities of an election. It was a most reunarkable proceed ing, not at all ere-ditable to the party. Seattle JUsjifttrJt. Gen. John'C. Hreckinrielge called upon President Grant, as a matter of courtesy, at Long Branch one day last week. They had not met since the Mexican war, where they were fellow officers ami very inti mate. Xo allusion was made to the late war, and the part taken in it by either of the -two gentlemen. The last time thev met was when Grant was .slightly wounded in one of the Mexican battles. They talked of ohl times an.l old friends. Georg.a ITernbJ. s , : ;,,Yts.- . 1 J- - ' IT O o : O O O o o O O e o o G O O o O o o o 0 o o 0 o o o o o o O o o o o o o o o n. AT TTeYlWlMT A .