Weston ' Leader WESTON, OREGON; FRIDAY. DEC. 13, 1018 NUMBER 28 VOLUMK 41 OREGON NEWS NOTES OF GENERAUNTEREST Principal Events of the Wiek Briefly Sketched for Infor mation of Our Reader. rerlfle eollfge t Nawberg hM In' auiuratrd a campaign for i wartime deflrlonry fund or 10,000. Alexander M. Ilotmea. pioneer widely known throughout Marlon, Polk mid Yamhill rounds, dld at Hubllnv tiy, aad 71. The Houthi-rn Oregon Poultry aeao elation will hold Ita annual show In Mrdford on the Isth. 19lh and 201b ef lrmtwr. I. II. Van Wlnklo. aaalatant attorney general of Oregon, la confined In a hoapltal at Colorado Borings, Colo., with an Infected band. Despite adverse recommendatlone ol the rltlsens' sdvlaory budsH commit' tee, the row feetlvel probably will be mumnl In Tortland neat June. County official! from throughout Oregon ara mooting In Portland tliV Mk for tha annual convention of th Association of County Judga an Commissioners. An emergency hospital haa been op mod at Adama with the co-operation of tho Adama branch of the Umatilla county Red Croaa to ear for Bpanlab Influenia cases. W. B. Ayer, for 11 montha federal food admlnlatrator for Oregon, baa re signed bla office and named W. K. Newell, aaalatant food admlnlatrator, to act In bla stsd. Frank V. Pedro, wealthy aheepman of tha Butter creek country, near Beho, killed hlmaolf at bla borne In Pendleton by awallowlng ft large quan tity of strychnine, Vp to tba beginning of tha week the death toll In Portland from Influents totaled (OS alnee the epidemic atarted to October. The total number of caeee reported waa It 09. A Urge barn on the Jese Traver farm, north weat of Foreet drove, waa burned. th fire consuming 1000 torn of hay, all the farm machinery and other valuable property. To bring, attention to Pendleton aa an Ideal place to apend the winter and to make an all-year home la the pur poae of a campaign JuM launched by tie Pendleton Commercial aeaoelallen. The general atrlke threatened for Monday, on behalf of Thomaa Mooney, waa abandoned ao far aa Portland waa concerned, when the Central Labor council adopted ft reaolutton to tbla effect. Commercial power ratea of the Portland Railway, Light Power company nd the Northwestern Elec tric company, of Portland, are In creased in orders laaued by the public aervlce cominltalon. After aearcb extending throughout the entire United State! since laat Auguat, Mr a. Ethel M. Bcott, wanted In Eugene for forgery of check! and poatal money ordcra, waa arrested In San Bernardino, Cat. The emergency board met Monday It tha request of Governor Withy combe, to conalder an application for a deficiency appropriation of 13000 for the. public aervlce commission to In? veatlgate telephone ratea. With only 1000 motor vehicle li cense application! received to date out of the 63.317 reglatered laat year, Sec retary Oleott warna car ownera to get their application! In at once to avoid trouble after the flrat of the year. A convention of the 8tate Federation of Labor will be held la Balem on January J. The convention waa ached uled to be held at Bend In October, but e prevalence of influenia there made it necessary to postpone the aet aton. Cyrui Hamlin Walker, of Albany, . oldeat living white man born weat of the Rocky mountain!, reached the 80th year of hla life Saturday. Mr. Walker waa born December 7. 1S38. at th! Old Whitman million, near Wall Walla, Wash. ' Formal protest agalnit olaii freight ratea propoaed under th! Chamber! Prouty icale for railroad! of the coun try, haa been made to Interatata Com merce Commlaeloner Altchlaon by Chairman Miller of the publle aervlce ' commlaalon. Warden Stevena, of the state peni tentiary, baa appointed John C. Talloy deputy warden, supplementing Charles Burn!, who will become turnkey to succeed h. C. Brotbert.ro, temporarily relieved. Mr. Talley baa been deputy warden at McNeill'! laland federal prism. , The University of Oregon at Eugene will conduct laminailona on January I I fnr vouttf men who have tha news- try iimlliliuiliiii for recommends Hon to (he I'liliid Hiiiiea mival acad emy at Annapolis, following a request received from Congrcaaman W. C. Mawley. One of tha blggeat haula of bootleg whiskey ever captured In ('Urktimns county waa aelxed by Hherlff Wllanii anil Deputy Rlu-rlff Joiner, whrn two Heattln men driving a large auto car rying a Washington lleenae attempted In get through the county with about ?)00 quart! of liquor. professor O. R. Hyalop, of Oregon Agricultural college, will conduct three days' grain grading arhool at Pufur lieccmber 13, 13 and 14. under the aueplrea of Waaro county farm bureau, Oregon Agricultural college and the United Statea department of agriculture co-operating. During the blennlum of 1917 and 1911 the atate highway department baa constructed 46 I nillea of concrete pavement. 79.6 mllea of broken atone macadam. 31 1 mllea of gravel marad am and 134 K mllea of grading, accord ing to flgurea compiled for the bten nlat report of the department. If It la found to be for the beat la ureate of enforcing the factory In epectlon law the atate labor commla eloner may catabllab a branch office In Portland and pay the expeneea for it out of the factory Inspection fund, Attorney-General Brown baa advised Labor Commieslonerlect Oram. During the laat two yeara the re eelpta of the atate from all eourcea have amounted to 3I0.138.J70, which la more than 31.000.000 above the re eelpta of any prevloua blennlum in the hlatory of the atate, according to flgurea being compiled for the bien nial report of State Treaaurer Kay. Irrigation and drainage of 83,340 acre! of land eaat of Eugene la con templated by the Benham Falle Irri gation company, of San Francleco, which haa completed Ita filing for ualng water! of the McKenile river. An eatlmated coat of 31.335,000 la placed on the propoaed development work. The Oregon Horticultural aoclety ctoeed Ita meeting at Roaeburg after electing offlcera and deciding to hold next year'a aeaalon at Astoria. The officer elected were! Benjamin 8. Woraley. of Aatoria, prceldent; J. O. Holt, Eugene, vice prealdcnt; C. D., Mlntnn, Portland, eecretary; Charles L. McNary, Balem. trualee. Baker county la proud of Ita record on th war atamp drive, It having al ready exceeded Ita quota of 3400.000 by 300,000. Alt Indicatlona point to tba fact that the county wtll exceed Ita quota by 3100.000 before January L Baker county haa the honor of being the flrat county In the atata to have Ita quota paid a month ahead of time with a large oversubscription. At the Instance of lumbermen In eiitern Oregon. Representative Sin nott hai aaked tbe railroad admlnla tratlon to reatore the privilege of dip ping pine lumber In cloaed freight cara. Owing to the scarcity of boxcara for ahlpplng perishable commodities, tha regulation! have required uae of open cara for lumber,- but It la alleged that pine lumber li Injured by !h!p ment in the open. Twenty-nine cltlcl ind town! In Oregon each have ft bank deposit of 81.000.000 or more, and tbe aggregate la 8193,318.562.51, ft statement Issued by the itata banking department ahowi. The deposit! In the city of Portland total 3125.884.709.85, and af ter Portland cornea Salem with 36.920. 543.68. Pendleton la third with $8,559. 813.43. and Astoria fourth with $8,354, 852.39. Tha banking Institutions la the 33 cities and town! total 108. There haa been eliminated from the Deschutes national forest In west cen tral Oregon, 4780 acre! of land, all sur veyed and a email portion reported to be agricultural' subject to entry only under th! homestead laws requiring residence, at and after 3 o'clock ft. m. January IS, and to settlement and other disposition on and after January 23, 1919, at the United Statea land of flcea at Lakevlew and The Dallea. The land is in scattered small tracts. Four fatal accident! ara Included tn the 541 accident report! received laat week by the atate Industrial accident commlaalon. In addition the commii alon received the report that Nelson Kendall, who waa Injured May 13 at Dee. while employed at lumbering, died November 34. The fatal accident! reported were: Earl Randall, Bandon, atevedorlng; G. W. Maotey, Aatoria, shipbuilding! C. Ellis, Knappa, log ging; Fred Boatner, Mist, logging. Anglers', hunters' and combination license! for 1919 ara being mailed from tha Portland office of tha itata fish and game commission to tha 33 county- German Nation BeYore the War Had Fallen Into Religious Indifference By F.LLACHMUNO At ati international congress for progressiva religion and a frco Christianity hold ip Iterlin in 1910, tho most liffniflcant thing was ft pile of copies of ft mimeographed circular plaeed in tho registration office, evidently in tho liojw tliat especially German members of the congress might chance to find them. Tho circular was a direct appeal to Germans, and began iy reminding them that fheir advance in science had made their faith in older religious creed! impossible; that the educated Ger man had settled back into religioui indifference, and that, at best, he gave up the prttenso of having ft religion at all and contented himself by maintaining ft reepoetful silence on the whole matter. The circular then pointed out tbe impossibility of continuing to live this partial life by tho suppression of ita nobler aspect and urged that Germans at tho congress take stepa to organize a church or society teach ing a religion in harmony with science that they might again live ft uni fied life. ' The old religions, used in monarchical countries chiefly instru menta to keep monarchs on their thrones, have failed tragically. "King by the grace of God" has been tlw'germ of spiritual, moral and, conse quently, ftlso of political decay. In speaking of the moral bankruptcy of the Germana we must not forget that thia meana also the bankruptcy of tlwir religion. Tho one implies the other. In the urgent appeal to the people of the United States for food pro duction and food conservfttion it was said that, besides feeding the allies now we ahould after tho war have to help feed Germany Jso. Thii task will be easy aa compared with the problem of helping Germana to find themselves morally and spiritually. In reality it is a task which they alone can solve. PUN OF PEACE MISSION Parla.The plan of organisation of Washington. Two more precedenta tbe t'nited Statea peace mission, which American governmental procedure is now tentative, but which in Ita ea- wert chattered Tuesday as ft result of sentlsls undoubtedly will stand un- present Wilson's trip to the changed, shows the body which will Europe0 peace conference, look out for Amerlca'a Interests when Tney W4M tDse: the world's delegatea gather at Ver- Tbomak R, Marshall, vice-president eallle, aa complete in every detail, "t tha United SUtea, presided over the Tba chart of the organisation which ngr meeting of the cabinet, thla be baa been prepared here ahows the lng y,, flrgt tlm9 for vice-president large American organisation headed to perform such a function during the by the members of the peace commla- ,lfa of a pgent alon Itself, with the chart lines run- wireless communications were re nins from this group to thst of tbe ceivoll D3r cabinet from President first secretary, Jfehn C Grew, to the wu0B and a report of the meeting second, or liaison or diplomatic Intel- WM gcnt oy legg to the president llgence group, and the third, the group thti beIng y,, jlm Ulne j American of advisers, principally technical, with j,letory for iucn a maneuver. Vice large ataffa of assistants- President Marshall presided over the Under the liaison and diplomatic In- cti)ln,t meeting at the request of the telllgence group are military and naval preiWwit Md tne members of the cabl- officers, Including the commander of net gg wa,t the American expeditionary forces, Tng prMldent, u develops, asked Mr. naval and military attachea and for- MgrghgU t0 undertake thla function De sign representatives. (ore he gail(f(j for Frsnce, A sub-branch of the lisison and dip- , on,er nol t0 cregte any mlaappre lomatle Intelligence office la a bureau henglon ln publl0 mlnd regarding In which American civilian activities hJg MW funcUon and to be MrUin that will be represented, auch aa thoae of h- ihould nn lnt0 no 8uccegsIon enUn. Herbert C. Hoover, the food admlnts- BlemenU thereby. Vice-President Mar tratori the Red Cross, th! Y. M. C. A., htU preparea , brief etatement which the Knlghta of Columbus, the Knights h9 made t0 the cMnei on cglllng lt ,0 of Pythiaa. the Salvation Army and ordef gnd whch n9 later fflada pubHc the Waf Trade board. wtg yj, vlce presldenfa formal Utterance on assuming his Informal of- Vahlngton.-The Jugo-Slav nation- ce, which he later described aa the al council at Zagreb, acting as the function of ft "referee. provisional government for all Jugo- ' 8!av territory formerly Incorporated in ARMY MENTAL TEST HIGH the Austro-Hungerlan empire has sub mitted a protest to the allied govern ments against Italian administration in tho occupied terrltorlea of Dal mat Is, latrta and Gorilla, occordlng to 1,500.000 enlisted men of the army sub a dispatch by the Jugo-Slav press jected to psychological testa were bureau here. clerks of the stats and to approxl. teately 130 others points of distrlbu- tion. Paper conservation haa resulted In the commission reducing the usual number of licenses by almost SO.000. The following numbers have been la aued this year and are being distrlbu ted: Sixty thoussnd anglera' licenses,. 45.000 hunters licenses, SO.000 com blnatlou licenses, 100.000 nonresident licenses and 3500 free licenses for veto. eranl of th Civil war and pioneer who came to Oregon prior to 1860. Results of the offlolal count at the laat general election ihow that Go ernor Wlthycombe baa five new pe- lltlcal calpa hanging to hla belt In th! lhape of record! for Oregon. H i. the first man to be nominated three times for the Office ef governor. He waa elected four years ago by the largest majority ever given a candl- date for governor. He waa nominated last May by the largest plurality ever Recorded . nominee tor that office. He was elected by the largest majority ever given to a candidate for governor elected for hi! lecend term. He waa tbe first republican governor, ln the htstory ef the state to succeed hlmseti, MARSHALL PRESIDES AT CABINET MEETING Eleven Per Cent of Men Are Found Qualified for Officers. Washington. Eleven per cent of the found to be qualified mentally, to be- come officers, while more than 26 per cent of y,, men examined were rated as a00ve average Intelligence. Eighty- three per cent of the officers to whom llle tegtg were tppllod met the requi- gUa requirements of the test, aald a ,ttement Issued by the war depart- menti glvlng for the first time the daU complled by the division of psy- cn0logy of the medical department Lesa tbsn one half of 1 per cent of the men were recommended tor die- charge as mentally deficient . . . . Ex.Kalser Attsmpts to Commit Suicide, London.Wtlllam Hohem'olUrn. the formor Gorman emperor, has attempt- ed cMnmR 8U,olde .ollowlng , aepreS8on, according to the gtc T ,g ,n . Copeilhagcn dlgpatch , tne Ex. ch g company. A mem- emperor', retinue prevented-Herr Hohesiollern MiJ ' " Washington It is officially denied that the German capital will be occu- pied by allied troops, . BRIEF GENERAL NEWS American troops have reached the Rhine, It la authoritatively atated. Studied Indifference characterized tha German reception of American troops on their way to tbe Rhine. British troops have entered tha fortified Rhine city of Cologne, which la to bo headquartora of tbe British army of occupation in Germany. Tbe resignation of 'Charles M. Schwab aa director general of the emergency fleet corporation waa ac cepted by President Wilson In a wire less message. Belgian troops have occupied the town of Nuesa, on the left bank of tba Rhine, opposite the big industrial city of Deuaseldorff. Belgian troopa also are In Uladbacb and HeUbefg. Tbe American navy will number 1291 vessels, including 40 battleship and 329 destroyera, on July 1, 1920, according to a statement prepared by Rear-Admiral Griffin, chief of tbe bu reau of ateam engineering for the house naval committee. Telephone and telegraph linea of the country, now under government control, ahould become governmeut owned at the conclusion of peace and the expiration of the provlaiona of the act under which tbe utilities ara new controlled, Postmaster-Oeneral Burle son declares In his annual report People Die of Starvation In Petrograd. Stockholm. Fugitive from Rusala aay living condltiona In Petrograd are Urrlble. The famine there defiea the Imagination. AU middle class ele ments are excluded from public eating houses and ara dying of starvation by thousands. Of a normal population of two millions, only a half-million per sons are left in Petrograd. Tbe city looks deserted. Peace Congress to Open After Jan. 1. Paris. Tbe opening of the peace congress at Paris haa been aet for the first week ln January. It ia expected here that the peace deliberation! will last about four months. Cnless un foreseen obstacles arise the belief pre vails lav wall Informed quarter thst final action will be reached toward the early part of May. mmm out of SFRUCE MEN IS Gil Vancouver, Wash. Demobilisation is preceding here according to pro gramme, and from now on between 100 and 250 men a day will be dis charged from service. There are, 30. 000 men to be demobilised, and lt will take considerable time for them to pass through the demobilisation testa. More than 100 experts are laboring night and day to return the men to civilian life. It requlrea about four daya tor a man to pasa through the military' procedure, after entering the demobilisation office. The government pays the enlisted, drafted and volunteer men 8 cents per mile to the point from which they entered the aervlce. As fast aa the men are mustered out here, others will be brought ln from the rural camps. It Is expected that about 12,000 men will be held at thla post for an Indefinite time. CAMP LEWIS MEN LAST Th! Thirteenth Olvlilon Not te Be Demobilized Soon. Camp Lewis, Tacoma. The 13th di vision, which Is stationed here, will be one of the last to be demobilised in this country and, very probably the men and officers of the division who wish to remain ln the army will be used as ft nucleus for the formation of a permanent division, according to Indications here. From advicea received from Wash ington, the places cf officers in the division who wish 'to resign Immedi ately will be taken by others who wish ' to retain commlsslona. These will be sent here as occasion demands from other posts and camps, as units are cut down by demobilization plans. Officers here believe the regular army after the war will consist of ap proximately 500,000 men In 20 divi sions. These divisions, it Is under stood, will have their headquarters at camps and cantonments that will be kept aa permanent posts. ' J , ... . 1, n Taft Refuses Baseball Offer. New York. William H. Taft has an nounced that he had decided to de cline the offer to become a baseball commissioner to succeed the present national commission. ' . ' '.. ALL OF YANKEES MAY BE HOME BY SUMMEB Believed There Will Be No Dif ficulty In Returning lien Months. Wasningtonv tight of the II divi sions comprising the American third army which will occupy German towna either ara national guard or national army troops, and there la very disposition to believe that they will be on American soil again by midsummer. General March, chief of staff, an nounced that be anticipated no diffi culty in getting these home within four months. March suggested It will be necessary to obtain legislation whereby a certain number of men can be retained abroad beyond their nor mal period of enlistment four months after the emergency la officially de clared ended. . New. national guard divisions, the 32d and 42d. and two of the national army, the S9th and 90th. are now in tba front line of Major-General Dlck man'a army of occupation, accordm; to General Pershing's report The 2Jth and 32d national guard and the 79th national army are in the sec ond line, constituting the reserve whloh la occupying Luxemburg and varioue rail centers In France, Includ ing Montmedy, Longuyon, Etatn and 6t Mthlel. the first, third, fourth and fifth regular's comprising the remain der of the advancing army, while the aecond and seventh dlvisiona are with the reserve. COAST BOYS RETURN SOON . 15th Regiment, Coast Artillery Corps, , Included In Late List Seattle. Included In the list of regi ments aoon to be returned from abroad, aa announced by General P. C. March, chief of staff. Saturday, at Washington, waa the 65th jeniv, ooast artillery corpa. Thla regiment went from the forts on Paget 8oand, and .waa largely made np of Oregon and Washington men, formerly mem bers of the Oregon and Washington coast artillery. The 63d and 69th reg iments, coast artillery corpa, both or ganised at Puget Sound forta, were announced a week-ago to be returned to this country soon. These regiments were recruited principally from th northwest statea. ' Russians Appeal te Allies. London. The council of Livonia, Esthcnia and Courland has directed an earneat appeal to the allies and to neutral countries to Intervene In northwestern Russia, stating that the Bolshevik! have already invaded part of the mentioned provinces, killing many people and burning much prop erty. Veterana to Stay Abroad. Washington. Secretary Baker gave It as his personal opinion that none of the veteran divisions of the American army in France will return home be fore peace formally 'la declared. He indicated that the tried fighting men would compose the bulk of the forces to be kept in Europe for the present British to Oppose Conscript Armies. Dundee. The . British I representa tives at the peace conference will do- mand general and absolute abolition of conscription throughout Europe. Winston Spencer Churchill, minister cf munitions, made thia announce u in a speech here. ; THE MARKETS. Portland. ; Oats No. I white feed. 54 per ton. Barley Standard teed, $49 per ton. Corn Whole, $7J77; cracked, 75 079. Hay Timothy, J3O032 per ton; al falfa. $27.50. Butter Creamerf. 61c per pound. Eggs Ranch. 75c per dozen. Potatoes $1.50 1.75 per hundred. Poultry Hens, 2326c; springs, 26c; roosters, 18o; ducks, 2830c; turkeye, I730c . 'Seattle. , s Hay Eastern Washington timothy, $33 per ton; alfalfa, $34 per ton. V t Butter Creamery, 65c, Eggs Ranch, 74c per dozen. Poultry Hens, 3628c; springs, 26c; roosters, drersed., -27 28c; ducks. 26c; geese, 21c; turkeys, 40 45c.