EADER VOLUMIO 41 WESTON, OREGON. Fill DAY, DEC. C. 1918 NUMBER 27 ESTON ADVICE TO "FLU' CONVALESCENTS SPAIN AND ENGLAND REPORT INCREASE IN TUBERCULOSIS AFTER INFLUENZA EPIDEMIC. U. S. Public Health Service Warns Publio Against Tuberculosis. One Million Cases Tubercu losis In United StatesEach a Source of Danger. Influente Convalescent Should Hve Lungt Immlntd Cold Which Hna On OHn Beginning of Tubreulol. No Ciuii (or Alarm If Tuberculosa lo Roeognlttd Early Ptnt Modi clnoo Nol to Bo Truiltd. Heware tuberculosis after In flumsa. No need to worry If you tnko precautions In tlmo. iKin'l dingnos your own cod dlilun. llno your doctor exam- In your lungs several times at monthly Interval. Hulld up your etrcnglh with right living, good fiMid and plenty of fren lx.n't waste money on patent medicine advertised to euro W- bereulosla, Iiecome a fresh-air crank and enjoy Ufa. Washington. D. C. (Special.) Ac cording to a report made to tho 1'nlted Htnte Public Health Service, tbe epi demic of InltunuM In Spain haa al ready caused an Increase lo tho prevs lenco and deaths from pulmonary tu berculosis. A almllar association be l run Influents and tuberculoma waa recently tnado by Sir Arthur News holme, tho chief medical omcer of tho Kugllah public health service. In hla auaiysls of tho tuberculoma death rat lo England. In order that th people of tho Unit ed States may profit by the experience of other count rlee Surgeon General Hupert Blue of tho United Ststes I'uu llc Health Service baa Just liuued warning empbsslxlng tho need of pe clol precaution at the present time, "Experience seems to Indicate, so the Surgeon Oenernl, "that persons whoso resistance ha been weakened by an attack of lnflucnn ro peculiar ly susceptible to tuberculosis. With million of Ita people recently affected with Influcuza thla country now of fera condltlona favoring tho aprend of tuberculosta." One Million Comumptlvoa In tho United Statea. Then you consider thla a aertoua menacar waa asked. "In my opinion It la, though 1 haaten to add It la dls tinctly one against which tho people can guard. So far aa ono can eatlmata there ar at preaent about one million raaea of tuberculoata In tho United States. There la unfortunately no complete cenaua available to ahow ex actly ttie number of tuberculoua per sons In each atato despite tho fuct that moat of the atatea have made tho die ease reportable. In New York city, where reporting baa been In force for many years, over 80.000 cases of tu bercnloala are registered with the te pertinent of Health. Thoae fiimlllor Iwlth tho situation believe thnt the ad dition of unrecognised aud unreported eases would nmko tho number nearer BO.OOO. The vory careful Health sur vey conducted during tho pint two yenra la Framlngham, Mass., revealed 200 cases of tuberculoma In a popula tion of approximately 19,000. If Uieao , proportlona hold true for tho United Statea aa a whole they would Indicate that about ono Id every hundred per ion la tuberculoua. Each of these commute a oourco of danger to be guarded agalnat" What to Do. lo hla statement to tho public Sur geon General Blue point out how thoae who have had innuenia anouiu protect themaelvea agalnat tuberculo id "All who have recovered from In fluenza," aay th Surgeon General, "ahould have their lunga carefully ex amined by competent phyalclan. lo fHct, It li dealrabla to have eeveral x arolnatlooa raada a month apart Such examination cannot bo made through trie clothing nor can they bo carried out In two or three minute. If tho lunga are found to bo free from tuber- culoal every effort ahould b made to keep them so. Thla can bo done by right living, good food and plenty of freab air." Danger Sign, The Surgeon General warned espe clnlly agalnat certnln danger signs, uch a "decline" and "cold which hang on." - These, he explained, were often'the beginning of tuberculoma. "If you do not get well promptly, If your cold , aeema to hang on or your health and trength decline, remember that theaa are orien the early signs of tuherculo ' I'lnro yourself at once under ilia mi- r it rninHteot pbyilclnn. Tuber i'UIimim l cm able In the early stages. Patent Medlelnee Dsngereus In Tuber, ouloil. "Above all do not truat In the mis leading aiateinenla of unacrupuloua patent medlclno fnkera. There la no Hpcclilc uicdlcino for the cure of tuber culoma. The money inl on such medicines I thrown away: It ahould be apent Inatead for good food aud do cent living." I'oat master General llurlreon advls rd the public service commission by telegraph that ho ho made effective aa of November IS an Increase of aea for trlephono-operatlng em ploye of the Pacific Telephone Tele graph company and auk the commls Ion to make Ita furthcoming order Increasing the telephone rates i -tro-active ao that the reus will alao apply a of that date to cover the Increase In '. It waa pointed out that under the statute the commission ha no power to make rates retroactive under the public utilities law and that part of the postmaster general's re quest apparently cannot bo granted. It wt alao pointed out that the post-master-general apparently la laboring under the assumption that the commis sion's hearing on the Increases will he nurelv nerfunrtory In character. SAVE 16,000,000 BUSHELS OF WHEAT THAT FORMERLY WAS LOST IN THRESHING farmer. Urged by food Admlnlrtrs tlon, Provide Seven Kitra loavte of Bread for Ivory American. fly adopting cleaner threshing meth oda and by literally combing harveat Odds to gather grain formerly wast ed, thrrshermen and farmer of tho United Statea thla year saved fully 10.000,000 bushel of wheat, estimated aa equivalent to about eeven one-pound loavea of bread for every person lo the country. Thla result, accoutpnnled by corresponding savings of barley, oata, rye and other groins, la ahown by reports from S3 grain tatea to the O. S. Food Administration. Other atatea, although not prepared to furnish defi nite figure of conservation In tho grain fields, report greatly reduced harvest losses. Thla rural food eaving achievement, accomplished In scarcely six months' time, we In direct response to re quests by the food Administration, which asked farmer and threshermen to reduce harvest looses from about 8U per rent tho estimated average In normal time to tho lowest possi ble minimum. Country grain thrash ing commltteeo carried Into every grain growing community the official recommendation for accomplishing th resulta desired. In numerous Instances driver of rack with lenky bottom were sent from tho field to repair tholr equip ment and frequently bad order thresh Ing mnchlno wore stopped until tho cause of waste was removed. Rut In proportion to th number of person engaged In gathering the nation' grain crop, case of compulsion were com paratively rare. Tho Food Adminis tration freely attributes the success of tho grain threshing campaign to pa triotic aervleo by farmers, thrcahor men and their crews. Incidentally grain growers of tho United State are many millions of dollars "In pocket" ss a result of th grain saved. NO ONI BUFFERED HERB. The marvel of our voluntary food saving, now that we are "getting re sults," Is that no ono over actually suffered any hardship from It; that we all are better In healtn sod spirit snd better satisfied with ourselves be cause of our friendly aelf-denlal. Food control In America bold the price of breadatuffs steady, proven ted vicious speculation and extorUpn and preserved trauquilllty at borne. In no oUier nation Is there ao willing sense of voluutory self-sacrifice a lb America that wa shown In th abstinence from wheat Find more wheat It ettme; more pork, It came; save sugar. It waa don. So Americana answered the challenge of Goruian starvation. Good will rules the new world as fear governed the old world. Through hating food America belpa make the whole world kin. Food control made sufficiency from shortage, kept the rein on food prices, gave the nation's full stteugtb exer cise. Starvation by Germany challenged all the world; food conservation in America answered the challenge. Food conservation In America has been the triumph of Individual devo tion to the uatlouul vuuaot SHE KEPT THEM ON THE JOB OREGON NEWS NOTES More thsn $1!.000 was realized from the tag sale held In Portland In the interest, of the W.verly baby home. Petlilone are being circulated aky. Ing that Glen ft Metaker, district at torney for Columbia county, be rc- c""' , , , . Hood Ulver Apple Growers' associa te 33d. annual meeting of the Ore- toB gent o ch,cago refrlgerator Mr gon State Horticultural society will w((h m of fruU mt bo held In Roaeburg December 6, by UmA Rlw rf,ldt,ntl t0 tHenii n(J and relatlvca In that city and polnta Work of demobilizing member of of ,he MlMlM,pp vaiey, section B. of the 8. A. T. C. at the At hlt own requcgt warden Murphy. Oregon Agricultural college, began of ,hc gla(e peni,eutary, TeliT4 Sat Monday. urday and was released from his bond. The Oregon tlnptlet state convention, Jn the interm before Robert U Stcv which was scheduled to meet In Port- eB tne prospective appointee, takea land last month, bos been postponed cnargei Deputy Warden Burns will until' October. 1919. j,aVe control st the Institution. Demobilization of the Students' After a conference between Chair Army Training corps unit In the Unl- mttn Miller, of the public service com verslty of Oregon her.an Wednesday. mSBon, ana- officials of the Spokane, and the university will return to Its Portland Seattle Railroad company, pre-war status. the road has decided to suspend Its A second wave of the Spanish In- order for a reduction In the passenger fluenta, which surpasses the first, Is eervlce schedules between Astoria and weeping over Klamath Falls. In spite Portland. of the fact that the restriction bad jjuch uncertainty prevail at Marsh not been removed. field regarding the lumbering business The Solssons. last of a fleet of 20 an(j the closing down of several Indus auxiliary powered vessels built at triw indicates that operators are going Portland for the French government carefully until new bearings sre estab by the Foundation compauy, waa u(0ed. These retrenchments have launched Thursday. thrown between 800 and 400 men out J. D. Farrcll, president of the O.-W. 0f employment R. A N. railroad, has been appointed Oregon deatera buy fish, delivered, by Governor Wlthycombe as a member 8( an gveyige price of ll.T cents a of the atate fair board to succeed Mra. pound, retail It at 17.8 cents a pound Edith Toiler Weathered. . Bn(j make an average profit of 34.8 Nineteen horea were burned to pgr C(?nt, according to a urvey of fish death when fire destroyed a barn at. market conditions of all states, re the Chemawa Indian school. Several cently compiled by the United States set of harness and 1000 bushels of f00( administration, grain and SO tons of bay added to the Railroad telegraphers snd agents of lose. the O.-W. R. 4 N. lines, through action In one check for $80,837.33, benefl- of their general ccmmlttee convened clarlea under the estate of the late in Portland," rejected the wage and Theodore B. Wilcox, of Portland, paid working award announced November the Inheritance tax for that estate, u Dy Director-General McAdoo and The total valuation of the estate was authorised the calling of a nation 82.892,484. wide strike vote, it necessary, to ob- Total bank deposits in the state as- tain their demands. In general, the gregated $228,381,703.44 November -1, demands are tor wage Increases. according to a atatement Issued by Superintendent of Banks Bennett v One million reports received from This It an Increase from August 81, army camp surgeons by Surgeon-Gen-1918. of $29,455,285.24. cral Rupert Blue show that Oregon, The death of John Olson, contractor, represented by Its men who were of Portland, waa the only fatality re- sent to army camps, had a cleaner bill ported to the Industrial accident com- 0f health than any other state In the mission out of 430 acctdents, reported union. Only .59 of. 1 per cent pf the for the week ending November 28, in- men going Into the army from this elusive. " state were afflicted with social dis- The woman's dormitory at the Eu- ease, gene Bible university was destroyed District No 11, aa the Oregon dls by fire and the matron and 13 girls trCt tne wooden Bhip division of escaped 1n their night clothes by cut- tnB Emergency Fleet corporation Is ting the screens on the sleeping porch officially designated, la to remain In and passing through them to safety. dependent of the North Pacific dlv- Life Insurance compares will be lglon or w'ashlngton district, accord called upon to pay out something HkOj Ing (0 official word received to that $200,000,000 In extraordinary losses effect. The district Is to continue nn because of the lnfluenxa epidemic, ac- disturbed until the termination of cording to a statement Issued by In- wooden ship construction for the gov aurance Commissioner Harvey Wells. ornment. The newly completed $48,000 con- '"'V ,cr0" Ho?d e at.te highway commUv SlOa, urn ucrn miu-u vpvu iw vituv. The bridge is approximately BOO feet long. It replaces an old steel bridge. Following the - usual custom, the ' The gas-defense dlvlnlon of the chemical war service has Informed O. I), ('(-titer, director of college extension at the Oregon Agricultural college, that the collection of nut shells for gas masks should be discontinued at once. Hhlpments of less than 10 tons at shipping points should not be forward ed. In a telegram pointing out that the action of the Emergency Fleet corpor ation In suddenly cancelling s large number of shipbuilding contracts baa created a dcld'-dly serious situation In Oregon, Governor Wlthycombe haa appealed to President Wilson, asking that he Intervene and that the con tracts be reinstated. Kredsport, the city of sawmills, claims to have received the first com mercial lumber order following the closing of government work In spruce, white cedar and fir tin's. ' The order cotnn to thn C. McC. Johneon mill. The mill is ask'-d by a Seattle lumber com pany to hurry out an ordr of 2,000, 000 feet of fir, to be shipped by rail. FIRST CALL TO FCOO ARMY This co-operation and aervtee I ask of all In full confidence tiiut America will render more for fins and freedom than king ridden people surrender at com pulsion. Herbert Hoover. Ad SUM 10. VJ17. PROVED SPIRIT , OF DEMOCRACY Voluntary Basis of Food Saving Showed Heart of America Beat True for Freedom. To the voluntary service and sacri fice of the American people must be attributed the continued health, streniftb and morale of the Allied ar mies and the civil populace. I'pon this spirit of sen-ice snd sac rifice will depend Europe's fate In the months to come. In the past year we have carried out on export program, the magnitude of which Is almost be yond comprehension. But with the new demands that have come,- with the liberation of nations freed from German oppression, our exports must be slmost doubled. Instead of 11,820, 000 tons, we must ship twenty million tons of food to Europe In the coming year as much as can be pushed throned our porta. If the Allies bad sot been fed by America, It would have been Impos sible for them to maintain their de fense against Germany. Meeting this world need, on purely voluntary basis, the American people have conclusively proved that democ racy Is a success ana that In time of need it will rise to Its own defense. If there were no other accomplish ment to its credit the very fact that It has shown the strength of democracy has In Itself more than Justified the existence of the Food Administration In the eyes of the world. Less than foor months after the TJnlted States declared wor the United States Food Administrator expressed his determination to meet America's food problem on s basis of voluntary action snd reiterated bis confidence that awakened democracy would prove Irresistible. "Mtmy thinking Americans," said Mr. Hoover, "and the whole world have been watching anxiously the last four months In the fear that demo cratic America could not organize to meet autocratic Germany. Germany haa been confident that It could not be done. Contrary proof la Immediately at onr door, and our people have al ready demonstrated their abHity to mobilize, organize, endure and prepare voluntarily and efficiently In many di rections and upon the mere word ot Inspiration aside from the remarkable assemblage of ou,r Army and finances." ' The history of the Food Administra tion has clearly shown that the trust of those who put their faith In demoe-' racy has not been misplaced. b e pud to be s-w 2t KEPT PLEDGE TO SEND BREAD American Nation Maintained AN lied Loaf Through Self Denial at Home Table. AVERTED EUROPEAN DESPAIR. With Military Demands Upon Ocean Shipping Relieved, World lo Able ' to Return to Normal White Wheat Broad. Since the advent of the latest whem crop the only limitstlon upon Ameri can exports to Europe has been the shortage of shipping. Between July t snd October 10 we shipped G5,t0.30"i bushels. If this rate should continue until the end of the fiscal year we will have furnished the Allies with more than 237100,000 bushels of wheat and flour in terms of wheat. The result of Increased production end conservation efforts In the United States has been thst with the cessa tion of hostilities we sre able to re turn to s normal wheat diet. Suppllen that have accumulated In Australia. Argentine snd other hitherto tnsccesv slble markets may be tapped by ships released from transport service, snd European demand for American wheat probably will not exceed oar normal surplus. There Is whest enough avail able to bave white loaf at tbe com mon table. But lost year tbe tale wss different Only by the greatest possible saving and sacrifice were we able to keep steady stream of wheat snd floor mov. Ing across tbe sea. We found our selves at the beginning of the harvest year with sn unusually short crop. Even the most optimistic statisticians figured that we had a bare surplus of 20,000,000 bushels. And yet Europe was facing the probability of i bread famine and In Europe bread Is by far me most important article m the diet. All of thla surplus hsd left the country early In the faU. By the first of the year we bed managed to ship a little more thsn 60,000,000 bushels by practicing the utmost economy at uvuir uj wiieauesa ukjb, wneaiiess meals, besvy substitution of other cereals snd by sacrifice at almost every meal throughout the country. In January the late Lord Rhondda. then British Food Controller, cabled that only If we sent an additional "5, 000,000 bushels before July 1 could he take the responsibility of assuring bis people that tbey would be fed. Tbe response of the American peo ple waa 83,000,000 bushels safely deliv ered overseas between January 1 and July L Out of harvest which gave us only 20,000,000 bushels surplus we actually shipped 141,000.000 bushels. Thus did America fulfill her pledge that the Allied bread rations could he maintained, and already the American people are demonstrating thst, with an awakened war conscience. last year's figures will be bettered. -r-r -r-i--r--r Our exports since uls country entered the war have Justified statement made by the Food Ad- ministration shortly after Its con- ceptlon, outlining the principles and policies thst would govern the solution of this country's , "The whole foundation of de- mocracy," declared the Food Ad- ministration, "lies In the Indl- s vldual Initiative of Its peopi 4 snd their willingness to serve the Interests of tha nation with mm. plete self effacement In the time. . . of emergency. Democracy can yield to discipline, and we can solve this food problem for, our X- vu ywym iuu tut guv Ajues la T T iuis waj. in uave uuae so will T hsve been s greater service than our Immediate objective, for we have demonstrated tbe rightful- ness of our faith and our ability to defend ourselves without be Ing Prussianised.' 1. Sending to Europe 141,000,000 bush els of wheat from a surplus of sppar ently nothing was the outstanding ex ploit of the American food army In tbe critical year ot the war. GREATEST OPPORTUNITY ' WOMEN EVER HAD. It was given to tbe women of this country to perform the greatest serv ice in the winning of tbe war vouch safed to any women In tbe history ot the wars of the world to feed the warriors and the war sufferers. By the arts ot peace, the practice ot sim ple, homely virtues the womanhood of a whole nation served humanity In Its profoundest struggle for peace ami freedom. ' President Wilson and party have sailed' for Europe on the steamer George Washington. ' " .'