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About The Weston leader. (Weston, Umatilla County, Or.) 189?-1946 | View Entire Issue (July 6, 1917)
HOW SHALL WE
PAY FORTHE WAR?
A Constmctiva Criticism en (lis
House Revenue Bill.
to considering the a piwrt hutment M i roTriM rAnro
the extraordinary burden of tixr It vve-'
war tlntea certain seletitlne principles CLARK OOl, rMlihr
rc definitely cstahllabed: r
N.w T... Sh.-U . Ap.Mi.no4. MiHKH.n.ON KA1I",
(I) The burden of la xe muni be Simile in Art-
spread far aa postdhto or or In Tn- yMr
whole coromuulty so as to mum each sjx jy0t,""
. , , , - , , . . ...i.. . . . - - ..... w IV
luuiviuuai iw ouarw in in"ii v- i....ti. ui
cording to bl ability to pay and a our Mo,,u' W
cording to hla share In th tioverimieot AIHT NIlflMi HA1M
U laxes ou coi.auiupuoii, wmcu .r. RRUr 0. llrh wrtilMI .... 2.tC
lengths an olieeeaed nation may lie out that padding. It l mhmhI by Confronted by the malodorous
led by ita war-mad emperor's the men who trot tlt $.'.4U and who Manchus, a number of Chinese dig-
dreams of conquest, havo suddenly latum; great friend nltarle r literally lotting thtdr
la it impossible, thou, that of the farmer and the Constitution, heads.
priest-ruled church may be seeking It is alwMipimtl by tluaw skulking '
1160 h., r..lil.uiM Mn.l oolltl.-ul ,.,trolf f 1 lends of Cermanv who strive to Umatilla county will do Wi ll to
thin groat republic?
LOANS BETTER THAN TAXES
aarlly borne by tb t Tratwie.it. perinea per insertion "1 iMe
, should bo Imposed at far a pes- . .
slhl on srtlele of quant luxury rathel ' "
than on those of necessity. rmV ""nit '"""" "
(34 Kxvlses should lx tiuwl aa far nw"' ",U,,T ..
a ixwiltl iiihmi rvnumtltla In th
l ft I. !.. 1.. II .1.1 I. I..
Witnoaa tho limit our wnr ofli, i.-iu-y l.y rwji.ii.ir Kimr" ,,B Kr"in
ihtohTiuit Httitmlo of tho t'tttholica hih ritvi, oonfuMmi, iliM'ontviit n,l 'Mf.
in I'vwy oily whorv thoy have at- ml, if iNtnoiliU. riot,
tainotl ton ni.'aaurv of intlucmv aul INvryoiu'hoiliivilly r imlinvt-
5c ly o,,,Hm.a or .lolnya (ho .. f .,...-..
If tho(atholica rncournco or iin. tho U'Vi r hill in oh-ii to aiihitii'loii. Timi, Mnttnr.im contniim tho fol
iliuio kwU lnwlit ii-la m llntt l llih HNWH'iMtioiiH,- iiiti-ivi.la iiikI uvj- ,,wiiii foiniilimoiit to Wtiii' hi.
Praise lor Weston Band
tiaiuls of the Dual conmmicr rather
Why Eacaativa Taxaa at ., M,-..r-i further
Catotit at thi pillllci l VtiUa, On ,
I inl (Uii malt mtlltr.
tha Out af War Ara Dieadvantag
u Great Britain Ciiampl Werthy
f Emulation Hew the Taae Sheuld
By EDWIN R. A. 6ELICMAN,
McVickar Vrvtrtmor of rollllcaj Kcob
omy, Culunitua l'nlruy.
On May 23. l!t. the House of Hep
iwMilatlvcs imssoj au act "to provide
iwouuo to tlrfray war exieuc and,
for oilier purpose." Iu the original
1U1 aa presented by the Committee ot
Waya and Xleaus, tho adUtlonal reve
i.uo to be derived wis estimated at H,'
MiUJO.OOO. Tho aiuendineiit to the in
tome tax. which ws tacked on to the
ll!l during the disoussion tu the House,
iraa exevted to yield auother flOfiW,
x or JWOOO.OOtt.
In diwusslue the House bill, two
I. How much should be raised by
II. In what manner should thia sum
I. How Much Should Bo Raised by
How was the Ugurc of $1,SOO,000,000
arrived at ? The answer is simple. When
(I) Taxes Uxhi buiiMMi should be
ImiHweil as far as ihkwIMo uhw net
earuiupi rather than iim sron re
relpts or rapital Invested.
(," Taxes upon tuconie which will
necessarily l Kvei should be both
differentiated and Kradtiateil. That la,
there should l-e dWtlnctlcn betweeo
earned and mu nnl Income and there
should le higher rate iioii the larger
incomes. It la eNxeutlal, however, not
to make the lucouio rate so excessive
as to lead to evasion, administrative
difficulties, or to the more fundamental
objections which have tx-cu urged
!) The e-esa prrtts which are due
to the war constitute tlie most obvious
and reasonable source of revenue dur
Iiir war time. Itut the principle Unm
which these war proflt taxes are laid
must bo eiinltsl'le in theory and easily
calctilaWo in practice.
WhIIm WhIIm thoy will hnvo only uilioos sluoilil U' eXHinincil to deter
tlicniM'lvcs to hlaino if a witniii tlo. mioo whether he Is h fissl Kmnhler
ffo' of cmleiitH' is Ktton tho tin- llKhtinf for liin illejiiliinHto prollt
hM Hkalil timtoroiis "nnl iiiuriler. or it M cret fri til of the I'ntshiun
otiNiMith in hv ret rirrtilut in which ftMtM-inry.
is nttrihutetl to the Knights of ('.
Itnnliiis. Ami Hell will nlto ho foiuiil in
Although Imvinir hut oue-fouith llohenyollcrn ly ulphiiU ticNl on
er one-fifth the Mpulntion the('th- itlysis.
ulur Iminl, whono iiiciiiIhts expn-N
"Tho Weston t'oneert Itdinl, un
der the le(lcrxhii of A. YV. I.un
ilell, hits ieveloMil into nil excel
lent oi'Kiiniatiou of 'Jo ineinU'rH,
well eiiuiplNtl wiUi the Very In-ht
insti'uiiieulN, in it uni forum, etc.
Tho IihioI lilletl hii eutrntrouteul Ml
Athenn July I, nml will no dotiht
perform this full nt the I'eudleton
lioUtld I'll. It i Hltovethi-r likely
Wlln Walla are said to ' ! -
ii i. i ..r i. ; , ... . . ....
control the mayor s olhco, the si. h-johiik "i mn iiiiwnT that the 4hiihI will play au iih.'hk -
lii liiuii-tni,.nt tho rlnft.il..iiMi-tm,.iit Mn htvl shilw and $!'' steel we inetit this year at the 1'lotn-er I'ow
lin.l the a-h.x.ls It is iLm,fi..Ui,i are aoiiiehow incliii.il I., wish that
THE ROMAN PERU
KcfUvlitiK tiHn tho Kuropean
war and the frightfulm-aa of tier
man campaiKnini;, one is preixtretl
to helievo that almost nythtnjr may
that no other religious ilenominat ion
has sought such Hicr in Walla
Walla or elsewhere.
Although tho Catholic Church is
known to Ik- opoed to the public
school system, every memlH-r of
the Walla Walla school board is said
to la n Catholic, and it is also said
that fifty Tovnt of the teachers
the puplic carivr of Ccncral (tooth-
tils had crasitl with his wonderful
achievements as a omul bulider.
As to '.ir, steel, the
need of amendment.
hH'lhut: is in
Wow in Walla Walla. It deserves
all the work to he given out here
nhoulH, for as a band il programx
are smait and up lo-ilate, and in
every way it delivers the giMHls n
a musical orgaiiiatioii."
Yft.. D A T..
n., i ii. i i ..... . naois-n
Even to attempted ipist domi- "'"'Ke " "
by the House runs up to a rate of iXJ
rrcei.t..T1ila lsas.minnher.lorw ation jn tK. Unite.1 States,
the history of civilized society. It must
t rt.meinlred that It was only aftei Omk Uio pajar callwl tho Men-
the Secretary of the Treasury came to tne first yH,P f lm, war Uat Great acv was read by mont Knple with a
estimate the additional war expenses BrUmin tm-reas-,! her Uicouie tax to the .i1Hm,( r,.lHM Mmll
for the year KU7-lS.be calculated that mtlXlmw uf 5I ,Hr cent., ami that 0trtm ",r, U nU
liior nouui amount tt some sii.tiRi. . ... 1.-. k r - hihii. 11 was c uMni w 1 1 int al
000.000. of which $3,OO0.00a00O was to le ,uivuie IBS d(K., not to Roason ,mt t,th,,r (.nttn oIvw at the hiIIs
ee a..oe iu ine aioes. suu w H,r .,. nublications
000.000 was to be utilixed for the do- ,t ,.,,, tMIs!lv Xh. thowa , Ul Puomauons.
inestic purposes. Thlnkins that It wltb ntes ,, IulHlerate liicomea sub i4.Bul "ow through tho smoke
would be a fair proposition to divide stnlttiull.v less than In Great Britain cloud of tho Menace we may see. the
mm aii! it inn irnr itimtiieHt niMiir nm 1
bleb, would yield onlr sllijhtly less thao
the J.KIJ.000.1D0 orlslually estimated la At our v,'rr door-- in tho city of
the House bill. Walla Walla a Catholic outrage
It Is to be hoped that the Senate will was jrpt-traU-d upon public lev-
reduce the total rate on the blahest In- . ...
comes to 34 per cent, or nt most to 40 turvr m a a manner calculatetl to
per cent, nud thnt nt the same time It arouse tho ire of all free Americans
will reduce the rote on the smaller Its 0f gr faiths,
comes derived from persoual or profet) , , ... ,
slonal earnlnps. In unlikely event things done
If tho war continues w shall hsv to or said by this lecturer were un-
iizrzKL?"?::,-, u i..d
but this does not mean that they should now wo pro not only endannoring tho redress through the law'.
If we mistake not .the aroused
teniH'r of tho IVotestants, a sweep,
ing change is apt to Ik- made in
Walla Walla's officialdom when next
they have a chance to assert them-
this latter sum between loans
taxes, he concluded that the amount
to tie raised by taxes was 11,800,000,.
There are two extreme theories, each
of which may be dismissed with scant
eonrtcsy. The one Is that all war ex
penditures should be defrayed by loans,
and the other Is that all war expendi
tures should be defrayed by taxes.
Each theory Is untenable.
It is indeed true that the burdens of
llto war should be borne by tho pres
ent rather than the future feneration:
In what is said here the u nder
iKs-s not wish to be misunderstood
as attacking the Catholic religion,
with which wo have no quarrel.
We limit our criticism to Catholic
activities along political ilnea.
Of what avail to the cause of
freedom to dethrone the Kaiser and
elevate the Pope?
"Kternal vigilance is the price of
As far uway as IVrlin it is likely
that a chilling effect is felt from
the American draft.
Sokiino is rtMiitcd to have a
preacla-r uho is opHised to accept
ing any contributions for his church
unless the donor is a member of
the oongr gal ion and who in also
against the soliciting of merchan
dise to lie used as priz.-s at church
Although so .h-sonlioii, the un
pleasantness in China is apt to tack
juite a bit of being a civil war.
(iotdialliihhiMikstivilch, what a dan
dy drivcky on the ea-tern front .
Dearest and Cheap!
Ilokus- "t'lonclM b(i lfe l
the dcurcat little noiiisn In lin norld."
I'tiltUs "I iipMiu by thi'l hi means
she's the chenpest." Town Topics.
Church of the Brethren
Order of service for Sunday
July H, I i I T :
III a. m. Sunday school.
II a. m. Trenching.
2.:iti p. m, Mission Study.
liillOp. in. C. W. S.
7::t p. m. Ihble Study, Life of
JOHN ItONKWrrZ. Kl.ler.
ELIMINATE THE PADDING
te borne by this year's taxation.
Meeting all war expenses by taxation
makes the taxpayers In one or two
years bear the burden ot benefits that
ought to be distributed at least over a
decade within the same generation.
In the second place, when expendi
tures approach the gigantic sums of
- present-day warfare, the tax-only pol
icy would require more than the total
surplus of social Income. Were thia
Absolutely necessary, the ensuing hav
oc In the economic life of the communi
ty would have to be endured. But
where the disasters are so great and
at the same time so unnecessary, the
tax-only, policy may be declared Im
practicable. Secretary McAdoo bad the right ln
' stinct and highly commendable cour
age In deciding that a substantial por
tion, at least, of the revenues should
be derived from taxation. Bnt when
he hit upon the plan of 50-50 per cent,
that Is, of raising one-half of all do
mestic war expenditures by taxes, the
question arises whether he did not go
too far. -
The relative proportion of loans to
taxes is after all a purely business
proiiosirion. Not to rely to a large ex
tent on loans at the outset of a war Is
Disadvantage of Excessive Tax.
The disadvantages of excessive taxes
at the outset of the war are as follows:
1. Excessive taxes on consumption
will cause popular resentment
2. Excessive taxes on industry will
disarrange business, damp enthusiasm
and restrict the spirit of enterprise at
the very time when the opposite Is
Hut no; they sought redid in Talent Hour is now ipioti
7) It follows an unsclcntlQc system
in Its flat rate on Imports.
(8) It includes a multiplicity of pet
ty and uiilurratire taxes, the vexations
ness of which is out. of ail proportion to
the revenue they produce.
The fmidameutal lines en which the
House bill should be modified are sum
med up herewith:
(1) The amount of new taxation
should be limited to $1.2,000,000 or
at the outset to $100,000,000. To do
more than this would he as unwise as
It is unnecessary. To do even this
would lie to do more than has ever
been done by any civilized Govern
ment In time of stress.
(2) The excess-profits tax based upon
a sound system ought to yield about
(3) The income-tax schedule ought to
3. Excessive taxes on incomes will de- ue re' w,,n a lowerlD tes
plete the surplus available for Invest- " J"11 "'cmes below $10,000. and
menis and Interfere with thanlaelnnf wllu Hu "'Kous lowering or ins
the enormous loans which will be neces-
fuiur. but ar inviting all manner of
difficulties which vn Croat Britain
has boon able to ascap. stead through the brutal act of a III. 10 a barrel. Itepresentativo
" " 1r.""e,u!io.'v . quartet of Miliums the strong- Mcljiughiln of Michigan, iu d t-
The House bill contains other funds- i l --ii
nieutnl defects which may lm summed arm henchmen, 't " siu. of tl e cussing the food-control bill, said
up as follows: Knightd of Columbus, inspired by that "some of these gentlemen who
iJTXZSZZZ pr,nc,p" "Vr1 ,,ri,st- , . -1 are i,,tm-!'tin i1 in t,,ia
O-i It selects mi unjust and unwork- "lv cuitmiI isoue of the Menace matter and who will have something
able criterion for the excess pmtits tax. contains a first-page report of the tu do with it" had told the Home
hSbtViiKw'uJ'taS"' bounding affair, and, there is no committee that "they had followed
(I) It luiiwes unwarranted burdens roa0" to doubt its accuracy. the wheat from the producer to the
upon the consumption of the commit- After being insulted on his wi y consumer through all ita stages of
"S" It is calculated to throw business to-his holcl by a holic mob, the holding and production into bread,
Into confusion by levying taxes on gross lecturer wus assaulted and almost and in their opinion the price of
receipts Instead of upon commodities, killed in the hotel corridor by four flour could be reduced by eliminate
V um.c n .r.i.-r uws VI l,r .!, lhun ,lin.,,nr.J I ........, ....m... n.,.1
He had no police protection. In unneeesaary charges and costs to
fact, he was virtually forbidden to $6 a barrel."
tfive the lectures by the mayor and There is $5.10,of padding in tho
police chief. present price, comments tho Ore-
Germany has shown to what gonian. , Food control (would cut
Two hundred and lifty dead ne
groes were the frightful fiuil of
the race riols ui Kist St. Imis
towiuir that not all the blood
I "t lust in eonlined In war b in Ko-
while the buying is Rood.
It's scarce now, but the outlook is for greater
scarcity and higher prices.
P. T. HARBOUR
V , . i.v
sary in any event
4. Excessive taxes on wealth will
cause a serious diminution of the in
comes which are at present largely
drawn upon for the support of educa
tional and philanthropic enterprises.
Moreover, these sources of support
would be drie J op precisely at the time
when the need would be greatest.
5. Exciv taxation at tho outset of
th war will reduc th elasticity avail-
able for th increasing demanda that
ar soon to com.
Great Britain's Policy.
Take Great Ilritain as an example.
During the first year of the war she
Increased taxes only slightly. In order
to keep Industries going (it top notch.
During the second year she raised by
new taxes only W iter-cenr. of her war
expenditures. During the third year
she levied by additional taxes (over
and above the pre-war level) only
slightly more than 17 per cent, of lier
If we should attempt to do as much
In the first year of the w?r as Great
Britain did in the third year It would
suffice to raise by taxation $!,2."i0,000,.
'000. If, In order to be absolutely on
(he safe side.- it seemed advisable to
Increase the sum to $ l,WXi,00O,O00, this
rates on the higher Incomes, so as not
to exceed 31 per cent. A careful cal
culation shows that an Income tax of
this kind would yield some $450,000,
(4) The tax on whisky and tobacco
ought to remain approximately as it Is,
with a yield of about $230,00(1.000.
These three tuxes, together with the
stamp tax at even the low rate of the
House bill, and with an improved au
tomobile tax, will yield over $1,250,.
000,000, which is the amount of money
The above program would be in har
mony with an approved scientific sys
tem. It will do away with almost all
of the complaints that are being urged
against the present It will refrain
from taxing the consumption of the
It will throw a far heavier burden
upon the rich, but will not go to the
extremes of confiscation. It will ob
viate Interference with business and
will keep unimpaired the social pro
ductivity of the community.
It will establish a just balance be
tween loans and taxes and will not
succumb to the danger of approaching
either the tax-only policy or the loan
only policy. Above all, It will keep
an undisturbed elastic margin, which
Preston-Shaffer Milling Co.
Athena, Oregon . Waitsburj, Wash.
should, la oiw oyiaioa, U the mail- mu8t no nd heavily drawn.
upon as the war proceeds.
Made of selected bluestem in one of the
best equipped mills in the Northwest. "
Sold in Weston by
Weston Mercantile Company
Admiral Cleaves, In command of the
warships which convoysd th Amerl.
can transports across ths Atlsntle.
FOOD BILL MAY NOT
PASS FOR TWO WEEKS
Washington. A formidable mid
summer legislative program with food,
prohibition and nwenue the major
measures, still confronts congress in
(is war session, which began three
With business congested in the sen
ate snd the house marking time In
recess, senate leaders hnpo to make
rapid progress on the food control
bill, with its provision prohibiting the
manufacture of distilled spirits and
send it to conference by the end uf
With the bouse recess until July 9,
even should tho senate dispose of the
bill this week, a conference agree
ment and final enactment probably
will not come until near the middle of
Intervention of President Wilson
checked the bone dry national prohibi
tion movement in congress. Confine
ment of prohibition legislation to dis
tilled beverages without Interference
with the manufacture of beer and
wines, it Is generally agreed, will result.
Vr- 13 co
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S saCSj i ess .
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