WES1 JEADER VOL. XXXV. , weston, onmox, Friday, seitemjxeii 94, 1015. NO. 14. ON 1 I IK STEFANSSON SENDS WORD TO WORLD siwmt sm ma Arctic txpforcr, lenj Ibosgtl lost, Seeks New lands. Ottawa, Ont An official report I from Vllhialmur Stef anason, th x- plow, (hat he bad discovered mi land I In th north.rn water of Canada, I reached tha minister of naval affair bar Wednesday In rieesag from I Noma. Tha official raport confirms tha r. port mad at Noma thr days ago that I DUfanaaon bad diecovered now land. Hlfanuon'a ranort hriaflv daacrlbae POIAI Ml. KYSTIRT B BB 60AI ,n x .tnrrr 1 tna aierovery ui raw iara ana siaiee that on August U bo aailad for .' I lierscbel Island In th Polar . Baar, Thirteen of Crew Haw Prithd in which ba chartered to establish a bat w -ww f wvvv.vw I . ll.ll 1. Il A ILL Iva rrinov rsurca Asiano. rnmuin point. km ftnnouncM. h will eontlnu Um work of ipJorlnr tb mwIv dlv 'LOAN OF BILLION THOUGHT ASSURED OREGON STATE NEWS France and Britain Seem Well 0a Way to Success. host mm rankles mm i:ovf Polar Hardships Explorations of New Land to Continue. CONSTANTS DUMBA Some Opposition Developed Among German-Americans Bonds to Mature in 5 and 10 Years. - Noma. Alaaaka Vilhjatmur Slefsns on, cblaf of tba Canadian government Mplortng and surveying oipadtion that loft Victoria In J una, 1911, and wbo act out afoot over tha lea with two companion from tha aboro of North eastern Alaska In March, 1914, to seek now landa In unehared aeea, did not go to bla death, a tba world bad begun to fear, but found tha new land. Tba only bardtblpa endured ware thoeo of abort rations, ba ear. Btefanaaon la wintering at Bank Land, where bo baa a largo power schooner and small one. Ho plana to explore tbla new territory during tbo winter, and next aummar pene trate farther Into tbo region of mys tery between Alaaka and tbo North Pol, where no chip baa over gone. Tbo power eboonor Ruby arrived from Uerachel laland Saturday with dlapatchea from 8tefaneaon to bla gov ernment. In which bo omit reference to tbo peril of tbo Journey on tbo lea and givea apaeo to tbo aclentifle ro eulta achieved. Ho seems to have been quite unaware of tbo anxiety hi long t bee nee aroused. Tboaootbern or Anderaon wing of the eipedltlon la pursuing " It aclen till work In tbo liackenalo delta, and report no mlibap except tbo death of Engineer Dan Blue, of tbo power boat Alaaka. Tbla la tbo thirteenth death among member of tbo eipedltlon. Eight men perlahed on tbo Ice while trying to reach Wrmngell I.I and, after tbo Karluck waa eruehed. Two died of scurvy on Wrangoll laland. Anoth er accidentally abot and killed bimaolf there. Another in tbo Mecknilee country want Inaano wbilo loat and committed aulcldo by abootlng. Captain Cottle, of the Ruby, aald that 8tefanaaon bad accomplished tbo purpoao lor which bla baaardoua Jour ney waa undertaken, lie discovered a continuance of tbo continental ahalf aoveral degree weat of Dank Land, and bla purpoao In tbo near future la to Mcortain the extent of now land be discovered southwest of Patrick' Land. Thl required two perilous tripe northward on tha Ice. . . ., f . . , . 1 ; mM-nHwHd:r mi Constantln Oumba, whoa recall Auetro-Kunganan ambaeeador waa eked by President Wllaon because he fomented strike In American fae teriee. ' covered land. Regarding tbo dlecovery and hi plana, Stefanaaon telegraphed tbo Canadian government: "Landed aoulb and Prince Patrick laland Juno 1. 1918. Proceeded north. finishing mapping weat eoaat Patrick laland. "Juno 18 discovered new land of conaiderablo but unknown aiae near 78 degree north. 117 degree) weat. Fol lowed coaat aoutb-aoulboast by east three day. Total dcmontrbl extent eoaat over 100 miles, nearly atralght lino. Land in part rugged. Game abundant ' "Started aouth Juno 22, reached Chronometer Bay of Mercy July 14 to SO, crossed Banka' Island diagonally hrifir fflad k" FfifWad (aebooner Mar Sacba Un ml lea aouth- miaalonora are J. P. Morgan, mmmx m kin mi r i Atimi.r. x ma sjvtnanL i " " " or bardablp on trip." Great Irea tcdsstry Center ea New York America' billion-dollar loan to Croat Britain and Franco seemed to bo well oo tbo way to actual accomplishment Tburaday night, ac cording to bankers familiar with tbo pledgee aoeurod by member of tbo Anglo-French financial eommlaalon during their five daya' stay In tbla country. Announcement at thl time that tbo auceeaa of tbo loan waa assured would bo, these banker thought, decidedly premature, but there waa every indi cation, la their opinion, that too miaeion's work tbua far bad mat with a degree of success that bad fully equaled their expectations. This view did not coincide with tbo sentiment of those opposing tbo big loan, nor of tbo ao-eailed pro-German financier hero wbo have not boon in vited to attend the commission' con ference or meet the commissioner. An effort will bo made to sell tba bonds at par. In eaao tbo interest rata should bo A per cent. Member of tbo commission fully believe that euch bond could bo disposed of at par, but American banker have tboir doubt on thl score. Oppoaitioato the flotation of tba loan la country-wide among American of German aympathie or parentage. but ba strengthened other banker in thler determination to aid in floating tbo loan. In tbo opinion of the com mission's friends, and baa not serious ly Impeded tbo task. Tha bonds are to bo payable in eith er five or ton ' years. Poaaibly aerie will mature In five and the oth er in ten year. . Tbi ba not boon decided. Into tbo band of tbo commission, it became known , many American bank or have placed their pledge to take part of the loan. Not a bint a to tha amount of these pledge waa given, bat there were indication that the sum totaled many minion, lnese prom I sea. it waa assumed, were con tingent on conditions of tbo loan. In nearing tha intimate details of tha transaction, the member of tbo commission narrowed tboir conference to a smaller circle of financiers, which Included only the moat influential of tha country' financial and industrial factor. Among tbo men who known to have consulted with tbo com George Supreme Court Refuses to Check Naming Boundaries , 8alem Evil of gerrymandering school districts by ; county boundary board that tbo taxable area may be increased, are not within the provi of the Supreme court to correct, but are admlnlatratlv questions, accord ing to an opiolofby Justice Burnett. A suit was brought by School District No. SB, In Tillamook county, to re- atraln tb board from annexing part of It territory to aid tbo acbool district In which lie tbo town of Tillamook. Tb opinion sustain tba derision of Circuit Judge Ilmea and tb suit I ordered dismiss.' Effort of tbe town of Tillamook to add to it taxable area for school pur poses led to tbo boundary board ex tending: tbe line of lbs district em bracing tbo town about SO mile out, so as to include valuable timber land. Tbe taxable wealth of the district waa tbua Increased more than $1,000, 000. Alleging that school district ia a municipality, School District No. 95, from which territory waa taken. attempted to restrain tb board. Tbe complainant contended that only by vote of the electors could the district boundaries bo altered. Tbo changing of tbo limits. It - waa asserted, waa tantamount to tb amendment of tb charter of a municipality. Suggestions for Handling Bees. RUINED RUSSIAN DEFENSES AT JAROSLAU " w i "IF 1 1 San Prsnclsco -The future of tb Pacific Coaat as an Iron and (tool pro ducing center waa pictured a not far distant by J. W, Bockman, of San Franc I sco, In a paper read before tb - American Institute of Electrical En gineer. "There I no reason why tb Pacific Coaat, with plenty of high-grade iron ores, cheap fuel, natural gas, oil and charcoal, and Immense hydro-elnctricsl power potentislitlea, ahould not boa groat iron-producing center of the world," Mr. Beck man aald. "All th neceaaltlea for xtanahr at eel manufacturing and allied Indus trie are to be found on tha Pacific Coaat In ore aultabl for alloys. Un usual Iron or deposit are held here, and th quality of some of th or can compete with some of th boat Swed ., lab proa. "The ttm I not far distant when th product of tb section will figure largely on th world' market." Canal Seriously Blocked. Panama A serious 1 Id In tb cans! occurred Sunday north of Gold Bill on th east bank. . There bad been a pre vious slid at tbla point, but th new movement is much greater. Th mas almost entirely fill tb channel. It has not been possible as yet to estimate th yardage involved, but It amount to mor than 100,000 cubic yard Th I dredging division baa hope of cutting th channel through in four or five daya, but th general opinion I that It will be week at least before vessels, ven of light draft, can pass through. Station Agenta Gat Rlae. St. Louis All station agent and telegrapher throughout th Wabash Railroad system will receive salary in creases of 9 per cent, beginning with November 1, it waa announced at tbe executive office her. In addition tha working day of elation agenta will be reduced from 12 to 10 hour and tele grapher will work eight hour a day. Overtime pay wilt be Increased from 25 to 35 cents an hour. Tbo payroll will be Increased by $40,000 cnnually. Mil D. Rockefeller Ir., YisiKCoismdo Cool Kises Trinidad. Coolo. John D. Rocke feller, Jr., visited tb mining camp at Bar wind and Tabasco on hi first day' . inspection tour of the Colorado proper tie of tb Colorado Fuel A Iron company Wedneaday. He talked freely with the miner and went into tboir home, questioning th men and their wivea about working and living condition and making suggestion to Individual for Improvements.. Mr. Rockefeller apparently ' was greatly Interested In tha work being done in tb public chool at Tabasco. "Tbey don't sing very well, stir," apologised th pretty chool ma'am, "You see they have just eartod to school and haven't fiad tlm to learn much. And then they are ao little, "They're doing fine fine," replied John D. Rockefeller Jr., smiling broadly. And 60 sons and daughters of Berwlnd an Tabasco miners of an average age of 0 years, and perhaps of dosen nationalities, sang lustily, In good United States, th song in which tbey had been ao carefully drilled by Miaea Edna Campbell, teacher of the Brat grade in th Tabasco-Berwind eChOOl.-. i ' Rowboat Trip 400 Miles. Wenatchee, Wash. Robert L. Tal bot and Earl D. Freeman, two Port land youths, arrived In Wenatche Sat urday from Portland, making the 400- mile trip In a rowboat. They met die- aster in Prleut Rapids, when their 17-foot boat overturned, and they lost their baggage. They had planned on going to Canada by water, but they find it necessary to stop here and go to work until they can re-outfit. Several boats have made tb trip from Wenat che to Portland, but ao f ar as known thl la th first trip up th Columbia. Paper Money Increased. Washington, D. C Improved busi ness conditions ar indicated by th In crease in demands for psper money, according to Treasury department offi cials. To meet the demand Secretary MeAdoo authorised the director of tbe bureau of engraving and printing to Increase tha dally output of money by 250,000 sheet. ' Bankera for National Defense. Denver Hearty support of the na tional administration was pledged in a resolution adopted by the convention of the Investment Bankera' association of America here Wednesday. Th resolution urged "a complete program for national defense" and urgea em ployer to give "employes sufficient time for participation in annual mili- t , fv n naval m.nativars wHJinitt In. paper or pay or prejudice oi position,-- in J addition to their regular vacations. lEcrsstofff Tbiaia Cercua- rVncriaa deed is Passing New York That tba difficultiea be tween tb United State and Germany will be settled within a fortnight, waa the opinion voiced by Count von Berna torff, the German ambassador, at his hotel her Thursday shortly after hi return from Washington. Approached by a newspaper man Count von Berne- torff said; ';.! v-'-'' "Ordinarily, I give only prepared Interviews over my signature. How ever, I shall now make an exception. You may say for mo that i am sure that within a fortnight all aupposed difficulties between the United States and Germany will have been settled and permanently settled, and th na tion will be mor friendly than they ever have Men." Count von Brentaorff added that he felt gratified over the outcome of bla conference with Secretary Lansing. Later th ambassador amplified the statement, saying: In my opinion everything as re gards the situation between th Unit ed States and Germany will be settled within a fortnight I do not expect to have anything mor to say with refer ence to thia matter In th next two weeks." . I' ll. S. to Recognize Carranza. . Washington, D. C President Wil son has decided to recognixa Carranxa a th executive head of the Mexican I government and xpecta the arrange ment to bo completed within two month. Tbi was learned through a public man In authority, who haa bad every opportunity to Know tne presi dent's position. It is also learned that a majority of th Latin-American diplomats who will confer with Secre tary Lansing on th Mexican situation are persuaded that the Preuident'a course is the only satisfactory solution. All Haitian Porta Held. Washington, D. C All open cus toms ports in Haiti now ar under United State control. Rear Admiral Caperton telepmphed that this was ae- cctcuiiihed when the cruiser bacra- mento, with the Fourth and Seven teenth companies of marine, occupied j Jacroel and Le Caves Thursday. Paymasters Rogers and Van Patten accompanied tbe expedition to act aa collector of customs and captain of the port respectively. Coeval! ie Beginners of bee-keeping should use hive of th Langatroth type because of the simplicity of both con struction and handling, ia the recom mendation mad by Professor H. F. Wilson, entomologist of tb Oregon Agricultural College. Tb hive hold ing eight or ten frame ar generally need, and th beginner ahould first try tb igbt-fram hive. These can be made at bom mor cheaply than they can be purchased, but th factory-built one ar mor satisfactory. All bive and part ahould be of the same six and well painted, preferably white. Tbi will protect tb part from decay, which will be further pre vented by Yaislng them slightly above th surf sco of tb ground. In Oregon where it is not necessary to put th hive In cellar during th winter, or to protect the bee by putting them in a, th hlvo afiouid be put under shelter. A stand for bousing six or Igbt hive may be made for from aix to eight dollar. Top and aide are detachable ao that tbey may be re moved In cummer without disturbing tb bee. If a smoker ia needed, th larger site I recommended, since It doe not hsve to be replenished with fuel often. Be veil may be bought ready-made or mad at bom. A piece of black netting in th shape of a sack open at both ends serves well. A better one I made of wire screen, rolled into a cylinder that will go over tb head, covered on top by a piece of canvas. and finished by attaching two pieces of canvas to the lower end ao that they ill fall about tbe aboulders and pro- vent bee from crawling under the screen. A small tool for prying open the hive cover is needed; a screw driver will do. Queen excluders ar placed between the body of the hive and th supers to prevent the queen from entering the extraction frames and depositing eggs. They are tine sheets containing per- forationa largo enough to permit the passage of th workers, but too small to allow the queen to paaa through. Thev mav be plain, or fastened to wooden frames to stand about a rourtn of an inch above tb frame of the main body. "y Wire embedders ar used to press th wire of the frame into the wax. They ar toothed rollers. A small brush, similar to a dining table scrap brush, will also be needed. A pound spool of No. 80 tinned wire and a pair of gloves without fingers should alno be provided. Professor Wilson thinks that a certain amount of equipment is essential to success in handling bee. . College Head Resigns. - Albany Harry Meana Crooks has resigned as president of Albany Col- lrige to accept th presidency of Alma Collere. Michigan. He will leave about November 1. Hia successor hss not been chosen. Th executive com mittee of th board of trustees met to consider the resignation, but no an nouncement as to men under considera tion for tha presidency haa been made. President Crooks ha been president ox Albany College 10 years. During thia time the endowment raised from $3300 to $213,000. : Polk County Prunes Disappoint. Dallas Folk county prune growers are much disappointed over thia year's crop. Prior to the picking season it waa generally believed that an ordin ary yield would be harvested, but with tbe nicking practically completed in dication point to tbo fact that hardly ! mor than half a crop haa been realised. Msny growers contracted their prune at price ranging from 4 cents to 6J cents a pound. Oregon Normal School Starts Wall. Monmouth Tbe Oregon Normal School dosed its first week of tbe year 1915-16 with a total enrollment of three hundred and ten, being an in crease of 50 per eent over a like period last year. The outlook is very favor able for a total enrollment of at least four hundred during th year. 1 - t la an effort to check the Germans, the Russian forces Intrenched themselves In what they believed waa an Impregnable position just behind Jaroelao, fortified city la Galicla. Tbe German forced their position, however, and compelled the Russians to flee before them. In the upper photograph a group of German soldier ar seen ap proaching tbe acene of death wrought by their runs In driving out the Russians, while on th lower photograph two German officer ar aeea contemplating the havoc wrought by the force ba their aocceaaful forward movement GALICIAN JEWS RETURNING TO THEIR KOf.lES ft T U?f UHOERWOO0 -5 i Vl7Yfs' 7v TV v- . -'iS- ..r ... T""- . V "v " ,,'! 1 ; .K- 1 i -n -lin ' -t - ,1.1 . r v i - A. M I- -X 1 K'trc.v i i.-Mw-ir?A " - VX-Z.: Boston accorded naval honor to William Gompera ot Brooklyn, N. Y. a nephew of Samuel Gompera, the president of the American Federation of Labor, and Carson Whltehurst ot Norfolk, Va., both members ot the crew of the U. S. 8. Washington who were killed July 29, when some Haitian rebels resisted the landing of tha American wallers at Port-au-Prince. The picture shows sailors firing a volley over the flag-draped coffin on th pier at Chartestown navy yard. Boeton. WHISTLING BURGLAR CAUGHT Bandit Who Quite Went About HI Work Merrily Now In Jail. Redding, Cat John Hooper waa ar rested at The Dallea, Ore charred with being the "whistling burglar" who compelled Gordon Jacobs, mana ger of th company store at Bornbrook. Csi. tear hers, to march from hi home to the store, open the aafe and permit the robber to tal with him cash and gold dust to th amount of $700. While taking Jacobs to th store and oa his wsy out of town with th loot th robber whistled merrily and aroused no suspicion. Tbe robbery waa committed on June 13. Hooper, according to the police at Tbe Dalles, waa paroled from I'clsom penitentiary hut year. VaMWiiti)rWiiw'rWi-.i-iMiM-i. In the rear ot the German army which triumphantly made its entry into Galicla and Russia were thousands of Jewish refugees who had fled from their home before tha soldiers of the cxar. Believing that they would be permitted to enjoy privilege under the German which were denied them under th rule or the czar, the Jew looked upon the triumph ot th German forces as another ot the blessings heaped upon the "Children of Israel.'' NAVAL HONORS FOR TWO KILLED IN HAITI I HEAVY ITA artillery Th Italians, having found the Aus trian frontier well fortified, are now making use there of their heaviest ar tillery. On of th big gun is her shown. . . . - . . "DEAD" MAN WALKS TO COURT Identification In Chicago May Be Only Trlok of th "Heathen Chlnee.7 - Chicago. A tbe Jury wa completed to try Harry Eng Hong, f barged with th murder ot Mock Chung In a Chi nese gambling house in 1913. an Ori ental walked into Judge Barrett's room in th criminal court building and announced that a was Mock Chung. His announcement caused a sensation. The attorney for th defendant told th court that the man who was k::;!d waa Juna- Lone and a bjsjtIaks li cense also would be Introduced la evi dence to prove that the supposed mur dered man is among the living. - Accordlnc to Assistant SUtas f torn ey John O'Brien the state be? to pror that Mock Ctacg wss r Ci murdered and VM. m man wno naared tn court possess -t - nam a the dud sua.