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About The Weston leader. (Weston, Umatilla County, Or.) 189?-1946 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 22, 1915)
STON - LEADER
WT1STON, OHIX.ON, THIDAY, JANUARY 22, 1915.
ft- . I I u ' . ri I n aa
nj l ta imb . w i 1
View of ttcarborounh, on the east roat ef Knlaod. hlcb, together
bombarded by tb (li-nnan ralriln- anuadrnn of misers ..
QUAKE KILLS MANY
Many VHIaocs Destroyed In Italy
and Thousands Suffer.
Statuary t Home Cracked, Street
ear Lima Quit -King Goes ta
Scene of Catastrophe.
London Report early Thursday
nornlna-ar that 18.000 person ar
buried In tha ruin of Avetsano alon
King Victor Emmanuel baa gone to
tb afflicted di.trlrt, and troop ara
being rushed to do relief work.
Rom Italy attain ha Iwan vUited
by an aarthciuaka of wide extant,
wblch, according to tha lata advice,
ha resulted in tha doath of 12.000
prwona and Injury to possibly 20,000
mora In town and village destroyed.
Tha shock wa tha strongest Home
haa fait In mora than a hundred yrara.
Tha town of Avataano, In Uta Abruttl
department, 63 tniloa cut of Rome,
baa been leveled to tha ground. Hera
8000 person ara reported to have ban
In many amall town surrounding
Roma building were partially
wracked, while at Naplea a panic oc
curred and bouiea full at Caserta, a
abort distant to the east
From below Naplea In tha aouth to
Ferrera In tha north, a d I stance of
mora than 300 mile, and acroa almoat
tha width of tha country, tha undula
tory movement contained for a conald
In Rome it waa thought at final that
two (hocka had occurred, but the
aaimographie Instrument In the ob
aervatorie ahowed there wa only one,
wblch beginning at 7:65 o'clock In the
morning, laated from 22 to SO seconds.
In the capital iUolf. ao far a
known, there wa no Ion of life, but a
great deal of damage waa dona,
churchea and atatue Buffering moat.
For a time tha people were atrlcken
with fear and there waa a veritable
panic In the hoapltal. monaaterle and
convent. The building on both aide
of the Torta del Popolo. tha north en
trance to Rome, threatened to fall, and
tha ea-rla decorating the gate crashed
to the ground.
Tha obelik In St. Peter'a qure
waa ahaken and badly damaged, while
the etatue of St. John Latoran and the
atatuoa of the apostles surmounting
tha Balllca are In danger of eollpe.
Tha famous colonade decorating the
dome of the church of St. Charle Cat-
Inarl waa cracked. A Urge piece of
tha cornice of tha Joauit church of St,
Agnatlua broke and foil with crash
which added to the fright of persona
In tha neighborhood.
Ceilings in many of the houses fell,
several persons being Injured in that
Several streetcar lines suspended
operations because of tha damage
caused by the earthquake.
At Torre Cajetanl, about 87 milea
east of Rome, almoat the entire village
waa destroyed, while at Am ara the
municipal building collapsed.
Tide Swelled by Gale.
Boston Features of the atorm which
lashed Southeastern New England
Thursday were the unusually high tide
that awept into Maesaehuaett Bay In
the forenoon and the damage ,to tele
graph and telephone wire In Bristol
county, In Rhode Inland and in Eastern
Connecticut The tidal riia in this
elty came within 1.22 feet of the
record established in the famous gale
of 1861, when Mlnot'a Ledge light
house waa destroyed, and waa the fifth
big tide In tha last 16 years. Summer
residences were badly battered.
All on Scharnhoret LotL
Amsterdam Information received
t Berlin is to the effect that none of
tb officers or crew were aaved from
the German erualer Scharnhoret. aunk
off tha Falkland Islands by the British
squadron. Sevan offlcere and 171 men
ware aaved from tha Gneiaenau, aeven
men from the Numberg and four offi
cers and 16 men from the Leipsilg.
ENGLISH CITY BOMBARDED BY THE GERMANS
From numerous place In tha affect
ed regions call for doctor and medi
cine are reaching Rome. Pope Bene
dict wa reciting the thanksgiving
after tba morning mass when the
At the rapltol two magnificent can
dlestick fell end were broken. At
the Palaxxo dul Drago, where Thomas
Nelson Page, the American ambassa
dor Uvea, several cracks in the build
ing, which had already elxsted, opened
wider, and blaster fall in several of
Steamer Cranley, Scarred
by Emden, Now at Attoria
Astoria, Ore Boar ing several vis
ible mark of her encounter with the
German cruiser Emden tha British
steamer Cranley arrived Tuesday
morning 18 daya from Mojl, Japan.
Sha will load tha supplies donated by
the people of Oregon for the relief of
the starving Belgians.
Captain Alex Henderson, her mas
ter, brlnga a thrilling story of bis one
sided battle with the Emden and that
the Cranley escaped destruction is
little loss than miracle.
The event occurred at the port of
Penang, Stralta of Malay, where the
steamer waa lying at anchor, who
some French and Russian cruisers and
torpedo boat. One morning. Just at
dawn, the Emden, which had been dis
guised by tha addition or a "rake"
funnel ao as to resemble a British
vessel, steamed into port and circling
within a hundred yards or the cranley,
which waa flying naval transport flag
No. 6, fired two broadside at her.
Ona shot went through the steamer a
galley, while another pierced ber hull
about four feet above the water! Ine.
It passed through 16 feet of coal, rico-
chetted through the dock and pilot
house and then, turning downward
again, pierced the deck and went out
the other side of the vessel. Later it
waa nocessary to put seven new platea
in the steamer's hull to repair the
damage done by that one shot. The
craft waa also hit in seversl ptacea by
pieces of shrapnel, but none of them
did any serious! damage. The Cran
ley 's second engineer wa struck on j
the arm, shoulder and in the aide by
pieces of shrapnel and waa seriously
hurt, but haa recovered.
Two Battleships, 6 Destroy
en, 17 Submarines Asked
Waahintgon, D. C Provision for
the construction of two great dread-
naughts, alx torpedo-boat destroyers,
16 coast-defense submarines, a seago
ing submarine, a hospital ship, a trana
port and a fuel ship, at an aggregate
cost of 863,168,828, la made in the
naval appropriation bill aa agreed on
by the house naval committee. All
told the bill carrlea $146,600,000, of
which $22,003,998 ia directly appro
printed for new construction.
While the construction program
falls far below the plana urged by
Representative Hobson and other ad
vocates of a larger navy, it Includea
the two battleshlpa asked for by Sec
retary Daniels and providea for mora
auxiliaries than the secretary had con
templated. Chairman Padgett pro
tested that the committee waa "run
ning wild" with appropriations.
Kaleer Foregoes Fete.
BerlinThe Reichanselger has pub
lished a decree signed by Emperor
William, according to which Hia Maj
esty, in view of the seriousness of the
present situation, aska that all festiv
Itlea formally held on the occasion of
hia birthday be omitted this year. An
exception la made, however, of the
celebrations usually held in churchea
and schools. The emperor asks even
that the many letters and telegrams
generally aent to him on hia birthday
by societies and private individuals,
be dispensed with.
Parisian Tots Get Toys.
Paria Gifts of toys, which were
sent from tha United Statea on the
collier Jason, were distributed to more
than 6000 children, whose fathers are
fighting for France, The ceremony
waa of aeml-offlcial character and
waa conducted at tha Hotel de Villa.
Tha toys were distributed by William
G. Sharp, United Statee ambassador
to France, assisted by Msdame Poln-
care, wile oi tna rrencn president,
and Paria city officials, including the
mayor and prefect of police.
with Whitby end Hartlepool, m
. . . ir.-u-i-.-u-. - -i - -.
Starving Chinese Sell
Wives to Buy food
Pekin The ordinary suffering in
China baa been ao Intensified by loss
of trade with Europe that in some
DTovincea tha aale of wive and chil
dren ia being carried on extensively.
Tba Hancbua of Sbanal province
hava resorted to tbia practice ao gen
erally that President Yun Shi Kat baa
issued a mandate in which he apeaka
of tha condition as "heartrending.
"In former day," according to the
mandate, "the banner men (followers
of tha Itanchu banners) of Shan!
were supported by the Ta-ylng gran
ary. But since tha revolution they
have been dealt with in accordance
with tba common rule, namely, all sup
port baa been withdrawn. The fac
tories of the banner men hava also
been suspended onaccount of lack of
funda. Therefore means of livelihood
have been greatly reduced. Tha win
ter will aet In vary soon. iad it ta ex
peeled that the price of foodstuffs
will rise. The aged and the young
will be starved to death, while the
stronger onea will wander from their
"Therefore wa are very anxious
about them, and it ia hereby ordered
that 2000 abih (a ahih i 100 litres) of
rice from tha Ta-ying granary of the
Shanai province be delivered over to
tha major of the garrison, to be dis
tributed to the genuine sufferers."
Czar Sends 1,000,000 New
Men Against Prussians
London That Russia baa started a
new army of from 800,000 to 1,000,000
men toward Weat Prussia to co-operate
with the army invading East Prussia
and the forcca on the Vistula, la indi
cated, think military authorities, by
dispatchea from Petrograd which aay
the Russlana have reached a point 40
milea east of the German fortress of
Thorn, after defeating a cavalry de
It ia believed that the plan is to
crush the German forces in the region
of Mlawa, between the Russian army
in East Prussia and the one advancing
on West Prussia, and also to operate
against the line of communication of
the Germans operating before Warsaw.
Allies Report Heavy Loss
In Aisne Valley fighting
London The German official report
issued at Berlin Saturday, says that
the entire north bank of the Aisne haa
been cleared of French troops and that
the retreat of tha allies waa accom
pliahed only under the fire of German
heavy guns. A further announcement
from the main headquarters of the
German army saya that aa a net result
of the three days' fighting northeast of
Soissons about 6200 prisoners, 14 guns,
sis machine guna and some revolver
mine were captured.
The further statement " is made that
the French suffered heavy losses, from
4000 to 6000 dead French soldiers be
ing found on the battlefield.
British Gain Ona Mile.
Paria Tha Havaa Agency has re
ceived a dispatch from Stomer, dated
January 10, which relates a British
victory and an advance near La Basse
of one mile. The message follows :
"The British, by an impetuoua at
tack, stormed the strongly entrenched
German position near La Basse after a
vigorous shelling. This is an import
ant strategie point and its occupation
represents an advance of one mile.
Tha British losses were slight, but the
Germane lost heavily. Many Germane
were taken prisoners.'"
Silver Fox Found Dead.
Portlands' ailver fox ia no more.
The little animal waa found dead in
hia cage at Washington Park too, a
victim of old age. He had been in the
coo for many years and waa one of tha
principal attractlona for children. For
some time ha had showed signs of
failing. Silver foxea ara so rare that
a good specimen ia said to be worth
NEWS NOTES FROM
State Capital, Salem Portland wo
man wanfjthe right to serve on juries,
yet they don't want to be compelled to
serve on juries. If the legislature can
find bsppymedlum somewhere be
tween these extreme tha women of
the stste will be duly grateful, aald a
delegate of their number to the bouse
Apparently a majority of tba com
mlttee i not Inclined to report favor
ably upon the pending bill, introduced
laat week by Representative Huston,
giving women tha privilege of jury
duty. This particular measure ia op
posed by aome of the up-state mem
bers. Their objection is based on the
provision that it will give women the
right to claim exemption by reason of
It ia pointed out that In the rural
districts, where the sheriffs frequently
ara required to travel many milea to
summon prospective jurors, the officers
may encounter notice of exemption
for their paina.
But the delegation of.'women led by
Mrs. G. L. Buland. representing
number of women's clubs, and Mrs. J.
M. Kemp, representing the W. C. T.
U., pointed out that the aame kind of
a law fa working successfully in the
state of Washington, where conditions
are no moreunfavorable than in this
Gov. Withy combe Names
New Regents tor O. A. C.
State Capitol, Salem Governor
Wlthycombe haa appointed Mrs. Clara
H. Waldo, of Portland; M. S. Wood
stock, of Corvalli. and N. R. Moore,
of Corvalli. members of the board of
regent of the Oregon Agricultural
college. Mrs. Waldo now la a me x ber
and the others will succeed B. F,
Irvine, of Portland, and E. E. Wilson,
of Corvallla, whose terms will expire
February 16. Mrs. Waldo baa been a
member of the board since 1906 and
been prominent aa a pioneer
worker in educational, rural and civic
improvements. Waldo Hall, at the
college, ia named for ber.
Mr. Woodstock Is president or U.e
First Nation! bank of Corvallia, and
waa on of the firaMo suggest Uxnt tha
college be located at Corvallia. Mr.
Moore is editor of the Corvallia ua
zette-Times, He haa always been
keenly interested in educational work,
especially in industrial education.
Members of the board who continue
in office are J. K. Weatherford. of Al
bany: J. T. Apperson, of Oregon City;
C. L. Hawley. of McCoy: H. Von der
Hellen. of Wellen; Walter L. Pierce,
of Pendleton, and George M. Cornwall,
Salt Contract May Not Be
Approved By Legislature
State Capitol, Salem It is apparent
that there will be considerable opposi
tion in the aenate to approving the
lease made by the state land board
with Jason C Moore, of New York,
for the development of the salts de
posits of Summer and Albert lakes in
Lake county. The lakea are aaid to
contain deposits worth millions of dol
lars, and the syndicate Mr. Moore rep
resents plans erecting a plant at the
junction of the Deschutes and Colura
bia rivers to which point trie deposits
would be piped.
Under the lease approved oy the
board and the contract made with Mr.
Moore he is to pay the state, begin
ning next year, royalties of not less
than $26,000 annually, and more on
royalty basis according to the product.
The lease is for 40 years. Mr. Moore
at one time bid almoat $2,000,000 for
the property and other persons bid
more than that, but the bid of the
latter waa not accompanied by a certi
fied check, as stipulated by the board,
and all bids were rejected.
It waa then decided to lease the
property on the royalty basis and bids
were asked. Mr. Moore's bid waa
the only one accompanied by a check
for $10,000, aa stipulated in the ad
vertisement, and he was awarded the
contract, subject to approval by the
The proposal of Mr. Moore may ne
the best that the state can obtain,
aaid President Thompson, of the sen
ate, "but it ia a matter that should be
given careful consideration by the leg
islature." Anti-Lobby Bill in Favor.
State Capitol, Salem The house
committee on judiciary is preparing
to report favorably on one of the billa
now before it providing for the elim
ination of lobbyista from the Capitol
halls. Representative Schuebel, of
Clackamas, and Representative Hus
ton, of Multnomah, have introduced
anti-lobbying bills. The Schuebel bill
would require lobbyists to register if
they come to Salem, even if they don't
enter the State House. The Huston
measure would require them to register
if they enter the Capitol.
Sack Standard It Sought
State Capitol. Salem Standardis
ing of the weight of aacks of shorts and
bran ia the object of two billa intro
duced by Senator Dimick, of Clacka
mas county. The weight fixed for
shorts ia 80 pounds to the sack and
bran 60 pounds to the sack. Senator
Dimick said farmers had complained
to him that they were receiving abort
weight and several placed their loaa at
three aacka to the ton. ,
Quake List Estimated
at 25,000 to 50,000
Roma From 25,000 to 60,000 still
remain tba unoildal aatimaU of tha
eaaaaltlea resulting from the earth
quake which rocked Southern and Cen
tral Italy Wednesday.
Tba amount of damage done cannot
yet be determined from the meager
descriptions of tba catastrophe that
hava reached Rome over the hampered
lines of communication. Such details
aa have coma through leave no doubt,
however, that nearly 100 town and
villagea have been demolished or
partly wrecked and that great loaa of
Thousands of persona have lain for
nearly three days beneath crumbled
buildings throughout tba earthquake
tone. Some are dead, while other
are living. Many hava been removed
from the wreckage and brought to
Rome hospitals for treatment, or are
being eared for in their borne towns
in temporary structure presided over
by pbysiciana and nurses rushed from
the capital and other citie in Italy.
It ia believed many of those caught
in the wreckage were not Injured, bat
perished from cold and hunger or were
incinerated in fire which broke out
amid the ruina. The number burned
probably waa largest at Avexxano and
Magliano-bi-Marai, where fires started
and there waa no water to quench
May Be Sustained
State Capitol. Salem That the esti
matea made by the State Board of
Control for appropriations for the vari
ous state institutions lor jio ana
1916 will not be materially changed.
if changed at alL Is the belief after
the first week 'a session of the legis
lature. Estimates were made first by
the superintendents and considerable
reductions made in several Instance.
The committee on waya and means
of the senate ia probing thoroughly the
management of the institutions and
haa visited the blind school, the mute
school and tb state insane asylum.
After spending a day at the latter in
stitution and the cottage farm, aa ad
junct, committee member announced
that they were well pleased with the
management of all institutions visited
and especially well pleased with the
managementt of the Insane asylum.
Petition Peddlers to Lose.
State Capitol, Salem Representa
tive Olson of Portland, baa introduced
a bill in the house that will drive peti
tion peddlera completely out of busi
ness. Whenever man or a woman wants
to become a candidate for office, under
operation of the proposed Olson law.
all that will be necessary will be to
file declaration of such intention with
the county clerk if it be a county
office or with the secretary of state
if it be a district, state or a federal
office. It will be necessary, also,
to pay a amall fee when the declara
tion ia filed, the fee varying with the
importance and the compensation at
tached to the office.
"It won't cost a prospective candi
date any more under operations of the
law that I propose than it doea now
under the old petition system," saya
Mr. Olson. "A candidate always has
to pay the petition peddlers and it
won't cost any more to pay a flat fee
than to pay them, and the state or the
counties will get some good from the
"I can t see how anyone can object
to this bill that is, anyone excepting
the petition peddlers."
BUI Aimed at Commission.
State Capitol, Salem To abolish the
state fish and game commission and to
make the master fish warden and the
state game warden directly appointive
by the governor are the principal pro
visions of bill now in the course of
construction by Representative Schue
bel, of Clackamas.
"The game and fish commission has
been the football of politic for
years," saya Schuebel, "and it will be
to the best interests of the state and
to the fish and game of the state as
well to the sportsmen to get rid of it,
"We need a master fish warden and
game warden aa we have now, but
let them be appointed by the governor
and make them directly responsible to
him. We certainly don't need any
Aafion Asked to Kill Pests.
State Capitol, Salem Declaring
that carnivoroua animate having their
habitat in the public lands of the state
causa losses in livestock and poultry
aggregating $16,000 annually. Senator
Burgess, of Umatilla, haa introduced a
resolution providing that the legisla
ture memoraliie congress to appropri
ate $300,000 for suppressing these an
imals. The rules were suspended and
the resolution waa adopted. The sen
ator aaid that in spite of large amounts
paid out aa bounties, it bad been found
impossible to suppress coyotes, wolves,
wildcats, cougars and bears in many
of the states.
West Portrait to Be Hung.
State Capitol, Salem It ia probable
that the legislature will provide funda
for a painting of Ex-Governor Weat,
to be hung on tha north wall of the
house chamber, west of the main
entrance. Representative Gill is plan
ningto Introduce resolution to that
effect. Thia will be In accordance with
the customs of tha "past. There ara
now in the aenate and house chamber
painted portraita of all the governors
that have served the state. The pro
posed Gill resolution will carry an ap
propriation of $600.
Secrciaiy Garrison Supts M
Exact M Be Toll
Government's Supply of Ammuni
tion at Present Sufficient for
Only 30 to 40 Minutes.
New York Preparation for the da
fens of tb United State in the event
of war wa advocated by 8crtary of
War Garrison, Henry L. Stimson, ex-
secretary, and William C Sanger, ex
assistant secretary, who were speaker
at a discussion on tb military require
ments of tb country at tb Republican
club ber Monday.
Secretary Garrison aaid there waa
no occasion for hysteria or fear of
compulsory service. When tb gar
risons in Hawaii and at the Panama
canal were manned, he aaid, tb mo
bile army In the United States would
number 26,000 men.
Mr. Garrison'said that in his opinion
tb regiment aboold be increased to
their full strength of 1863 men each.
thereby making a mobile army of 60,
000 men, and that congress should
make provisions for 1000 additional
"The National guard," tb a
tary aaid "ia still far from what it
should be. We must get a reserve of
trained men in the stales, a reserve of
army officers to eommar.d the men.
We should bay tb truth told in the
public school. Scholars ahould be
told of our years of travail and be pre
pared to deal with tb problem of de-
fens In later year."
Mr. Garrison asserted that it would
be of infinite value to have the thous
ands of enlisted men annually dis
charged from the army and the re
signed or retired officers where they
could be found and recalled to service
in the event of their being needed.
Mr. Stimson said Americana should
be assured that the fate of the Bel
gians never ahould become theirs. He
advocated that the standing army be
increased to 60,000 men, exclusive of
the reserve and coast artillery, and to
more than 100.000 men. including the
reserve, which he described as the
foundation for a citizen army. Sup-
oliea for such an army also should be
provided for Mr. Stimson asserted.
Congressional committees, he con
tinued, bad asserted that the United
States bad from 60 to 60 per cent of
the necessary ammunition for the
coast artillery. Upon application to
General Crosier, he said, he learned
that thia waa enough to laat for 80 or
40 minutes of actual firing.
In 1912," he said, "we had ammu
nition enough to supply an army of
460,000 men for half a day' battle at
a rate equal to that with which ammu
nition was consumed in .the battle of
Mukden. Now. after great efforts, it
been increased to a aupply suffi
cient for a day and a quarter."
Continual Tremblings Keep
Quake Victims in terror
Rome A renewal of seismic dis
turbances early Sunday served to add
to the terror of the people in parte of
the district that was visited by the
heavy earthquake last Wednesday.
Although the shock were light,
buildings which had been cracked and
were tottering from the effects of the
first disturbance, were completely
razed. In Avexxano ,and Sora, the
towns which suffered most from the
disaster, the people left their tem
porary shelters and took refuge in
Rain and extremely cold weatner in
some parts of the district are hamper
ing badly the work of rescue. This is
particularly true of Sora, where a cold
rain fell Saturday night and Sunday.
In many of the towns which were
thrown down by the earthquake it is
feared there are still living persons
beneath the debris and that unless
they are extricated soon, they will
Detailed reports received in the cap
ital regarding Italy's stupendous earth
quake disaster increase rather than di
minish the appalling list or aeaa ano
the enormous property loss.
The Messsggero, after making
careful compilation of all the figures it
has been able.to gather from the dis
tricts and villagea hitherto isolated.
announces that the number of dead and
injured in the Abruzzi district alone is
30.000 without including the Sora dis
Deny Kitchener Version.
Berlin One of the statement made
by Lord Kitchener, Great Britain's
secretary of state for war, in hia re
view on the progress of military oper
ations in the house of lords on January
6. Ia challenged in a statement issued
from the German army headquarters.
Lord Kitchener stated in his address
that the Indian troops were surprised
at Givenchy in December and lost a
trench, which they afterward regained.
The German headquarters contend, that
thia trench never was retaken and ia
atill in the possession of the Germana.
. Swiss Bear Heavy Guns.
Paris A heavy connonade waa beard
on the Swiss frontier nesr Basel Mon
day and a red glare in the sky at night
indicated that villagea and farmhouses
were burning, according to a dispatch
from Berne. No foreigners will be
allowed to remain in Alsace after Jan
uary 2C, it U said.
ANCIENT GOLD MINING
MOW THE TIBARKNI COL.LKCTCD
THE PRECIOUS METAL.
From Their Method Originated the
Lgnd of tha Oeldsn Fleece - Ceun
try Still la Rieh In Moat Val
In tb legend of the Golden Fleec
Ilea bidden the record of an ancient
method of the Tibarenl. the eona of
Tubal, for tb collection of gold. The
north coast of Ails Minor produced
large quantltlea of the precious met
al, aa well a copper and Iron. Gold
was found In the gravel, as often hap
pen still In atreama draining from
copper reglona. The gold In copper
ores, originally containing insljrnlfl
eant amounts of the precious metals,
accumulate In the course of agea, and
sometime form placers of astonish
ing richness. The ancient Tibarenl
washed the gold-bearing gravel, first
by booming, wblch concentrated the
gold Into relatively small amounts of
sand. Thia waa then collected and
washed through sluice having the
bottom lined w(tn sheepskins. Tb
gold would alnk into the wool, while
the aand would be washed away In
the swtft current writes Courtenay
de Kalk in the Mining Age. The akin
were removed from the sluice, the
coarser gold shaken out and the
fleece, atill glittering with the yellow
metal, were hung upon boughs to dry
ao that the rest of the gold mlxht
be beaten from them and saved. Tb
early Greek mariners, witnessing this
process, carried home talea of the
wonderful riches of a land where a
warlike race of miners hung golden
fleece upon the tree in the grove of
Are. After so many mlUennluma the
metalliferous country of Tubal-Cain
ja once more coming Into prominence.
The naUvea still cull the high-grade
copper ore, and break it Into stnalla.
which they cover with wood and roast
to matte; they atill work the matt
In forge-like furnaces to black cop
per, wblch they ablp to Alexandretts
and to Euxlne ports. They still make
the famous carbonized Iron that was
celebrated as Damascus steel because
it waa dlstribnted through this mart
to the rest of the world after receiv
ing a finish by local Damascene work
men. These decadent methods, that
give a hint of the approved practice'
of the father of metallurgy, will sooa ,
became wholly extinct for the modern
miner is studying the disseminated
copper ores of the Black sea coast
and threatening to rekindle on a, mag
nificent scale the amolderlng tire of
Tubal-Cain. , t
On the Captain' Deck.
It Is hard to imagine the skipper"
of a British man-of-war aleeplng on
the deck of hia ship between a couple
of his stokers, but this has happened
in the American navy. .
That teetotal navy Is the most free
and easy of any In the world, but
thia incident aurprised even the Amer
ican stokers. '.
It happened off Santiago during the
blockade on Commodore Schley'a flag
ship. Brooklyn. No lights were al
lowed to be shown from the ships at
night snd, ss this meant all portholes ;
shut the temperature below decks '
wss unbearable. Every man who
could slept on deck, the skipper among
This officer laid himself down one
night on his quarterdeck to snatch
a few hours' rest" He was awak
ened in the dawn, says the Mirror, by
hearing a aleepy voice next to him
murmur to a companion, Darned ir .
It ain't the cap'n!" And, opening hi
eyes, he saw two of his stokers rise
up suddenly from hia side and disap
pear swiftly for'ard. Tit-Bits. .i
Encouragement From Mr. Howella. ,
vsnm Hm. n tlma m one advance
In TMra. ona feels oblleed. by that
sclerosis of the tastes which Is apt to'
occur In old age, to abandon the
wnrM tn it -Lccnmulated errora. and
retire upon the superiority of the lr-
ravnrahla nasi. At such moments It
appeara that there are no such novels
there once were, that Action is not
all tha thins- It nsed to he: yet.
from time to time amidst the flatter
ing despair in which one attributes to
nnaaalf a share of that vanished su- '
perlority, one has surprises of excel--lence
In contemporary work. Some
nnimaglned writer, hitherto quite un
read, presents himself in a book per
nana nnwillinelT borrowed and pro
vokes one to Inquiry about the man
who wrote It He could not nave
rittan that, atnrv nn!v: he must have
done others, better or worse, and one
goes on reading as many of hia books
aa one can lay one's bands on. wu
11am Dean Howells In the NortJ
American Review. .
West Shipping by Way of Canal.
Since the Panama canal was opened
there have been a few surprises, es
pecially in the source of botio of th
freight shipped by that route. Th
Scientific American notes that a con
siderable proportion is coming from
as far west as Ohio, being sent to
New York by rail for . shipment
through the canal to San Francisco.
As an Instance of thia 15,000 tone of
wrought iron pipe were ehlpped In
thia way from Younxstown, O. It
would have cost 66 cents a hundred
weight to send it by all rail; It cost
48 cent a hundredweight by way of
New York and the canal.
From Indiana canned corn ia being
kent to the Pacific coast through the
canal and from Alabama, via New
Orleans, east iron pip is going.