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About The Weston leader. (Weston, Umatilla County, Or.) 189?-1946 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 20, 1914)
volxxxi v7" wjlsmN so, ion. "jL22!
PARIS RECEIVES CAPTURED GERMAN
t t T".""''",IVf1T,m' iUJ '-"' '
r r.iM ft s : ; i ':
Oreat ceremony attended the occMlon of the conveying of aeven captured
Mum of the Invatldes In Parts. The photograph shows tht Mags belnt retried
NEW BANKS OPENED;
Elastic Honey System Is Put Into
... OpcraQon liy Covcmracnt.
Chang I Flrtt in SO Yean-Seu
Sot Ordered Evolution
Will Be Gradual
Waahington, D. C With the open
ing Monday of the 12 Federal reserve
bankt the nation will begin actual op
eration of Ita new currency system,
designed to provide an elastic circu
lating medium baaed on modern ideal
of finance and economic.
It haa taken the reserve bank organ
itatioa committee and Mm Federal Re
serve board almott 12 month to work
out detail of organisation to the point
where an opening date wa choeen.
Notwithstanding careful deliberation
which preceded evory preliminary
top, the 12 bank will not for many
week toko up and exercise all the
functions bestowed upon them by con
grass. Such evolution as will result
from the old national banking tyttem
of necessity will In most respects be
The new system is generally conced
ed to be compromise between a cen
tral bank and the present system with
iu thousands of unit, scattered re
serves and fixed limit of currency.
It chief attraction and value those
who Interpret ft find the elasticity It
will give to recognlxed paper currency.
Under the present taw National
bank currency i almost a fixed quan
tity, based upon the National capiul
'bank, issued upon United Status bonds
and unresponsive to the chill of hard
time or the exultation of boom day.
IU use led, the expert ay, to unre
stricted loans and speculation, in the
daya when money wa easy, and to a
hoarding of resources and a tightening
of the puree strings of credit when
they were hard. It Is said to have
bred the panic of 1907, when solvent
bank with large credit In reserve and
central reserve cities were helpless.
Under the new system the Federal
reserve notes, which In time, probably
will entirely replace the National bank
notes, now so familiar, will be issued
on commercial paper arising out of
actual business transactions. It seems
plain that they will rise and fall In
mount a the tide of buslnesss rise
and fall and that there will be no
plethora of money to lie idle. They
will be obligation of the United
State government, which National
bank note are not, and will have back
of them a large reserve of gold In the
regional banks. Through them the
reserve banks are expected to come to
the aid of any needy member bank
which ha plenty of good paper but
, To insure the flow of money reserve
bankt themselves may be required to
rediscount paper of other reserve
More than $260,000,000 of the new
notes have been ordered by the con-
Famllu Wrecked by War.
Grass Valley, Cal. Four sons killed
in a battle, the mother a suicide and
the father insane, I the fate of the
family of 8. Neuberger, of thi place,
according to a letter jusfreceived from
Germany. The young men answered
the first call to arms and fell about the
same time In one of the early battles
of the European war. When the news
of their deaths reached home, the
mother committed suicide and the
father became insane, and now wan
der over the country, placing flowers
on every hillock, thinking It a grave.
German Submarine Sunk.
London The Petit Calaisien say
that a French torpedo boat entered
Dunkirk harbor Friday and reported
that it had sunk a German submarine
in the Channel. The French boat was
attacked by the submarine off West,
end. The French commander sighted
the periscope and rammed and sank
- ! I!
troller of the currency for the 12
banks. They are to be accepted by
all member banks and for all customs,
taxes or other dues.
Next to the elasticity of the new
currency, officials value the "mobilis
ation" but not concentration of vast
tinii Tnun Mllntrv hanks in reserve
cities and central reserve cities as un
der the National banking act, but their
apearance in large part on the debit
balance of the 12 reserve banks in
widely scattered parts of the country.
These reserve will be as near as pos
sible to the door of the member banks
to which they belong In tlmea of need
and there can be no refusal from a re
serve bank to return them In eases of
a Mmnani nf tha nraaont avitem
still remain in the provision by which,
h 1 - L a ..rf.ln nwiitnHliin i
nanus maj w p m f.v
of their reserve with other member
banks in cities now known aa reserve
and central reserve cities. At the end
of three years, however, that will be
changed and all reserves will be held
either In a bank's own vaults or with
a Federal bank. The 12 banks wlU
start out with a total cash resevre of
Another point not forgotten by ad
mirers of the law is the fact that the
different reserve requirements will re
loase about H64.0OO.0O0 now tied up
In reserve and will afford far greater
opportunity for a borrower to get a
hearing and a loan.
The reserve bankt are not to do a
banking business except with, member
Rus$ian$ fiercely Hahtlng
Kaiser in Eat Germany
London German force which were
forced to retreat into Ease Prussia
from Russian Poland have placed
heavy artillery in all defile to the east
of Msiurlan lake, where a new ter
rific battlo I In progrcs along a front
of 160 mile forming a wide curve
from Stailuponen. in the Northwest,
through Goldap and Kruglakeo to Sod
lau in the Southwest.
The Russians are vigorously carry
Ing out an enveloping movement. The
Germans consider their position Im
pregnable and believe they will check
the encmy'a advance, according to a
dispatch from Petrograd by way of
Paris, which adds:
"Throughout all Prussia railway
passenger traffic baa been suspended.
The lines now are transporting only
troops, apparently with a view to a
new concentration which i aid to
have been decided upon by a recent
council of the Austro-German general
staff at Cracow. Thi council is r
ported to have decided to change com
pletely the plan of battle."
California Gift Go Soon.
San Francisco December 1 I the
day on which the California ship load
ed with supplies for starving Belgian
will sail. The cost of chartering
suitable vessel and of the Insurance
will be borne either by the London Re
lief commission or by the Rockefeller
Foundation. Thursday' cash contri
butions here amounted to 14375, mak
ing total of $117,174 subscribed thus
far. Great quantities of bean, flour,
provisions and other commodities alao
were received. It is believed the
cargo will measure 6000 ton.
Scott Will Head StafT.
Washington, D. G Brigadier Gen
eral Hugh Scott was selected by Presi
dent Wilson Saturday to be chief of
staff of the United State army.on the
retirement next week of Major Gener
The vacancy of major general cre
ated by General Wotherspoon' retire
ment will be filled by the nomination
of Brigadier General Frederick F.
Funston, now in command at Vera
Lumber Order Pour In.
Seattle, Wash. Inquiries for 0,
000,000 railroad tie and for 10,000,
000 feet of large timber received dur
ing the last 10 day have greatly atim
ulated the Northwestern lumber situa
tion, and local exporters look for
heavy cargo order.
The inquiries come principally from
the United Kingdom. The supply for
England ha heretofore been furnished
in the Baltic.
Herman war ttandards to lb oitt
across the courtyard.
TO LEAVE VERA CRUZ
U. S. Soldiers II doit Mexican
Port November 23.
Seerttarg Bryan Say Guarant
of Safety I Obviated -Sun
and West Have Con.
Wsshlngton, I). C Momisy, No
vember 23, was fixed as the date for
the evacuation of Vera Crut by the
American forces. Secretary Bryan
has Issued this announcement :
"Both General Carranxa and the
convention at Agues Calientes having
given the assurances and guarantees
we requested, It Is the purpose of the
administration to withdraw the troops
of the United States from Vera Crux
on Monday, November 23.
"All the persons there for whose
personal safety this government has
made Itself responsible have loft the
city. The priests and nuns who had
taken refuge there, and for whose
safuty fear were entertained, are now
on their way to this country."
This statement was given out after
a long conference between Mr. Bryan
and President Wilson, it apparently
was received with iurprUe in some
official quarters. The general under
standing haa been that the evacuation
might be delayed indefinitely pending
reporta on the alignment of the var
ious Mexican chiefs in the latest civil
war now In progress. Secretary
Bryan declined to add to the format
announcement, saying details would be
made public by the War department.
Secretary Garrison bad nothing to say,
and to just what authority the port of
Vera Crua would be delivered was not
It has been assumed, however, thnt
as the United States throughout the
Mexican difficulties hns dealt with the
authorities actually . In control of ter
ritory Involved, the city would be
turned over to an gont of General
Carranxa, probably General Candldo
Aguilar, commanding the constitution
alist forces In the state of Vera Crut.
So far as is known, there has bean
no final decision a to when and whom
the more than million dollars of
Mexican customs moneys now held by
the United States shall be paid. Both
Carranxa and the Agua Caliento con
vention have given guarantee that
customa duties collected at Vera Crui
will not be relmposed. In view of the
mmnllpattona which mlsht arise, how
ever, in the event Carranxa were driv
en from power by Villa's army sup
porting General Gutiorrex, the conven
tion's new provisional president, It has
been suggested that payment of the
money might be withheld pending a
clarification of the altuation.
French ray $182,000,000.
Bordeaux The cost of war to
France In Octobof was $182,164,504, a
daily average of more than $0,000,000.
The daily average for the first three
month of the war wa $7,000,000. The
government will disburse immediately
$13,000,000 for repair to the railroad
system. These probably have been
made necessary by the wear and tear
due to the transportation of troops.
The sum of $1,814,000 ha been sot
aside for the relief of the unemployed.
Various cum will be used to relieve
localities invaded by the German.
Seafight Site Unmarked.
Washington, D C Eduardo Suarex,
Chilean ambassador here, 1 Informed
by hi government that Chilean chip
ent out to search had not found the
slightest trace of the Monmouth or the
Good Hope, the British cruiser report
ed lost In the recent sea fight with a
German fleet off the coast of Chile.
On their return to Valparaiso the ves
sels reported thst they had searched
carefully over the con of battle with
out finding a bit of wreckage.
rjyasr x-.,- , 'kv
.1 , i 1 v 1
for Oregon Institutions
Uln AnnAuneamant waa made
by the state board of control thi week
that estimate mad by It for state In
stitutions for the coming biennial per
iod totaM $1. 703,610.1)3, which I an
Increase of $107,066.82 over the ap
propriations for the ssme purpiwe
made by the last legislature for the
present period. W Of the last appropria
tion I-0.B50 i erecting barrack at
the penitentiary and $20,000 for the
Solder home waa turned back Into
the state treasury, making the total
appropriation used by the Institutions
$1.008,711. CI. While Increase for
maintenance are suggested by the
board for several Institutions the esti
mated Increases are largely due to the
belief of the hoard that Improvement
are necessary. Maintenance Increases
are asked for the Insane asylum and
the penitentiary because of an Increas
ing population, awl new wards are de-
Powder Valley Irrigation
Project to Be Revived
Baker Work on the Powder Valley
Irrigation company project wilt begin
next eprlng. according to plan an
nounced by J. A. Atmlrall, New York
capitalist, who arrived hare to visit
the . project. Mr. Almlrall said that
the plana as now mapped out are to
build the toe of the Balm Creek dam
next spring and thereby to store
enough water to irrigate at least 2000
acres. The llalm Creek dam Is north
of the lower Powder.
Mr. Atmlrall left for the site of the
oratlona with W. A. Stewart, local
representative of the company.
Mr. Almlrall' announcement means
much toward the development of
llaker county, aa Ita points to resump
tion of operation on the project,
which ultimately will furnish water
for the Powder river valley. It also
answers the question of whether the
Hoy Clvt$ Up Varoh On
Account of Lack ol Work
fialem-So far aa analysing business
conditions la concerned, Henry Clews
has rival In John O'Connor, 16 years
old. of Portland, who returned to the
State Reform school after being out
on parol rhtl M 'd n hd
been working In a tailor shop in Port
land, but, because, of a falling off In
business, had been laid off.
"I spent several day looking for
another job." aald the youth to Super
intendent Hale of the school, "but
without success. I had little money,
for whon I was working my wages
were small and I could not ssve much.
Itulng unable to find another job, and
convinced that business would not pick
tin ik i,tll anrmir because of war and
nolitlra. 1 decided to com back here
o spend the winter. 1 went to the
Juvenile court and aaaea w no reconr
mlttnl. hut the iudae aald he could not
do that as I had dona nothing wrong."
The Judge, however, called Mr. liaie
over the telephone and the superln
tanrfnnt told him to send the tad to the
school for the winter. Mr. Hale say
the boy will be able to make more
than hla living In the tailoring estab
lishment In the Institution. It waa
there that ho learned hi trade, and it
a fine workman.
Court Cute Down Valuation.
Astoria -The trial of the ease of
John Wetarhouse against Clatsop
nlatad before Judne
Campbell of the Circuit court thi
week and the conn awaruea me
plaintiff $063.60. The action wa in
the nature of an appeal from the de
cision of the County court in allowing
the plaintiff only $1, damage for right
of way through hla ranch near Knappa
for the Columbia highway. ,
A total of 4.82 acres of Isnd were
taken and the plaintiff's claim waa
Ion of Prune Are Shipped.
Rlckreall Several tons of dried
fruit, principally prunes, have been
shipped out of Polk county. The
prune that were sold brought a high
price, the amount varying consider
ably. Early contracts for the crop
were frequent. The crop this season
wa estimated to be 66 per cent of
that of laat season, owing to early
frost In the epring Injuring the blos
soms and hindering the devlopment of
Road Dray Made of Old Iron.
Albany By using old bridge iron In
the construction of road drags, the
County court of Linn county ia not
only utlllxlng material whieh would
otherwise be thrown away, but I ulng
It most effectively for road Improve
ment. Drag of thi type are to be
distributed among the road districts.
Old Friday Mine Open.
Baker The famous Friday mine,
formerly a big gold producer, located
12 mile from Baker, near the Virtue
mine ha been reopened. Joseph Buck
ley, one of the principal owners of the
property, started a force of men at
work under the direction of George
Ray, foreman. The property will be
worked continuously all winter.
Office Expent Estimated.
Salem Superintendent of Public
Instruction Churchill haa estimated
the expense of his office for the next
two year at $25,920, which i the
same aa the appropriation made by the
last leglsltaure. The estimate will be
submitted to the next legislature.
slred for the Insane asylums because
both oMhem virtually are filled to ca
pacity. A comparison of appropria
tion for IBIS and 1914, with those
estimated for 1916 and 1916, I a
follows) 1918 and 1914-lnssn asy
lum, Salem, $011,363.60! Eastern Ore
gon insane asylum, $2H4,R29.H0; peni
tentiary, $203,600; feeble-minded In
stitute, $202,243.81; training school,
$73,460; tuberculosis Institute, $63,
000; blind school, $37,236; deaf
achool, ; $79,960; training school for
girts, $60,000, and soldiers' home,
$67,000. 1916 and 1916insane asy
lum, Salem, $774.711 ;' Eastern Oregon
Insane asylum, $316,960; penitentiary,
I1HH.800; feeble-minded Institute,
$166,106; training school, $08,646;
tuberculosis Institute. $09,016; blind
school, $37,789.1(1; deaf school, $H,
776; girls' Industrial school, $66,876,
and aokliers' home, $37,348.76.
company Intends to complete the big
"We cannot atart more than this
work at this time," said Mr. Almlrall.
"With the present condition of the
money market it Is Impossible to think
of going ahead with any attempt to
finance this undertaking. 1 look for
no Immediate relief in the financial
situation. The European war Is msk
Ing Itself felt acutely ami until condi
tion are mote settled the price of
money will remain high. We can,
however, make this start, and then
poesibty within two year w will be
able to go ahead and finance the proj
ect There la a possibility the next
congress will pas land legislation
which wilt relieve the situation and
enable ua to proceed with the entire
The company haa already done $126,-
000 worth of worn on me project
Health Dill tor Cattle
Ordered by Governor
Salem A quarantine proclamation
Issued by Governor West here against
the foot and mouth diaease prohibits
the shipping of livestock Into the stste
from state where the disease exist
unless a thorough inspection haa been
made and permission given by the
proper stste or Federal authorities.
It further Is provided that the quaran
tine shall apply to hog cholera serum.
varrlna and other extracts of animal
origin, unless no infection exists where
they are manufactured.
Shipments of livestock from coun
ties where tfcs disease duet not exist
In states that are infected are not pro
hibited by the proclamation provided
car are disinfected thoroughly before
being loaded, and unloaded en route in
yarda that have been disinfected.
Health certificate giving this Infor
mat Ion from Federal inapector must
accompany the shipments.
Olympla, Wash. Dr. H. T. Graves,
state agricultural commission, hss
gone to Portland to attempt to arrange
mmtlflratlnn of the ouarantlne rem)-
tatlona of Washington and Oregon to
I allow free shipment of livestock be
i tween the two atatea, in neither of
I which foot and mouth disease haa do
Shortage of carbolic acid Is faced
here on account of the large quantities
used for car and etockyarad dlsinfoc
; tion, and state and Federal depart
i menu in consequence have authorised
I the use of chloride of lime and for
j maldchyde aa substitute disinfectants.
j "Dry" Majority I 36,000.
lwMhitlnn bjuhihmI . a maioritv of
approximately 86,000 In the recent
Practically complete returns from
every county in the state give a total
of 134,106 in favor of the amendment
and 98,209 against it. Thia ia fa
vorable majority of 86,897. A few
outlying preclncta in some Central and
Eastern Oregon counties may not be
included in these ' totals, and If they
give the same vote In favor of prohi
bition aa given in the other rural dis
tricts the majority doubtless will reach
The vote on the amendment to abol
ish capital punishment is close and
doubtless will require the official can
vas to decide. -
Condon Aid Sufferer.
Condon A relief fund of $257 wa
raised in Condon for the benefit of the
British Red Cros by concert and
dance given In the local skating rink.
The talent for the concert waa all from
Condon and nearby town and the
Scotch and American daneea appealed
particularly to the fancy of the crowd.
Although many attended merely to help
the cause, everybody remained to en
joy one of the most pleasant social
affair ever held In Condon. After the
concert two orchestras kept the dan
cers busy until a late hour.
Opinion Back leacher.
Salem Keeping children who are
lax in their studies and deportment in
aftor school i legal, according to an
opinion rendered by Aisiatant District
Attorney Benjamin. The question
aroae over the action of two women In
taking their children from the Buena
Vista school while the teacher were
detaining , them - after the regular
school houra. When E. G. Dykstra,
principal, remonstrated with the wo
men they quoted a statute which say
the chool hour ihall be from 9 o'clock
in the morning until 4 o'clock in the
afternoon, with one hour recess.
THE ANNUAL DOWNFALL
ll wii an earnest humor isl who vowed a solemn v owj .
"I will not write turLey-hasli-and-soup joke, anyhow!
I will not do llial fearsome tiling, I Will not pen a Jrat
About the bird whose remnant rise to mock the Maying guest."
!e ma Jo a postscript to hi vow, ha ma Je codicil,
I le was a serious a though he framed ha) final will.
And then he tat him down and smiled, and thounlri with aO hi suglit
About the pot-1 hanlugiving jokes he did Dot have to write.
Dut in a day or so he felt exceeding queer and ttrsnge.
A icstlrn sorocdiing held lii mind, he hankered for a change.
1 le aiked hi doctor what was wrong ;. the doctor gave a pill
And made a memorandum to add twenty to his bilL
Then all the joke thst grace this time came flocking to hit brain.
Each ancient quip and jingling rhyme matched sternly ia the train.
Jutt aj a man think when he ssyt he thutt oil smoke or dunk.
At last he said j " Well, just one more a farewefl jest I B write.
It shall be nothing serious, some fancy thin and light.
I la wrote the jest, just as man who tayt he ha sworn off
Take rock-end-rye or tome such tiling to soothe a little cough. -
But why pursue ihit torry tale , Why tefl of whal he did?
Twm like lite "one mote" drink or smoke that throwt away the ltd.
I le wrote of turkey hash, and soup, of turkey meat croquettes,
I !e wrote of bones that had been grilled, of warmed-up entremets.
He wrote of turkey pie and stew, of turkey consomme,
I e wrote a turkey-joke debauch until the break of day.
And when they came and found him ill and sought o nunc him through
They said: " I fere, taste this turkey broth. It will be good for youl
CoprnsU by WJU D. NUu
DAY OF FESTIVITY
Spirit of Thanksgiving Manifested
in Enjoyment as well as
Therefor the Turkey In the Center
of Well-Spread Board It a Sym
bol of Praise to the Olvsr of
Alt That la Good and
FROM the early daya when the
Saxon kings tethered their
steeds "hard by the banquet
board." so that the foam of
the chargers flecked the Deara
rflbe eater, to the present time, the
iplrlt of the amply loaded board ia
he spirit of festivity and of good
Alll. Thankmclvln day would ba
obbrd of the particular flavor It poe
tesses If It ere a day of severe oh.
icrvailou. The spirit of Tbanksglv
ng without the sanctifying grace of
he spresd board would be a spirit of
heerlessness. The Thsnksslvtng tur
! aa much a cart of the day at
irv the devotions that the day calls
Mh The devotion would be Jry
ud taplcBS If the day were made a
Irtusl penance, as woma l' ne case
vllhout the turkey regnant updii the
.latter, while the family gathers about
he board to glvo thanks tor home
ilesslnxs a a part of the libera! por
Ion that Providence has dispensed
o the nation. Tho Thanksgiving tur
tev Is the emblem of tho natlon'e de-
The assembling or me congregn
Ions In tho churchi is but a part
if th devotion of the duy. It Is, tn
art the symbolic nart. It it ex-
irestlve of the spirit of the people
n praise to the Deity for me general
itxaalnua to the nation. The actual
iplrlt of thanksgiving Is that which
akes account of the unison or tne
ainlly tn the act of praise aa It par
akes of the provisions of the day.
:harls iJintb says thst one should
rot only say grace at meat, but a
lundred times a day for the good of
i vim- Tho ernes said at tho Thanks.
living board and even those unused
o tuch Invocation ahould observe it
rpon that occasion Is a grace for
he blowings of llfo which the
V vctxWrfh 'the Kills
ile Hh i5 siiisYled with ih? fruit
of iliv works.
cMJseto ihe 6kss o drew for ita
Ct, and Itorb Tor th servKQ ct
Tn.n: tHhiH my bring Jbrih food
out of iKa'?J-tK.
Thanksgiving dinner then tett fort
Hack of all nationality Ilea tha fam
ily. Tblt It the foundation atone ta
tha social tyttem. The city, tb auto,
the nation are outgrowths of the
family. The people expressing their
thanks to Almighty God for the bless
ings conferred upon the community
tn its several organizations Is not aa
tucred a symbol as the family at
meat In recognition of the goodness
of Ood to Its members. The purity
tnd tweetneas of the family tie, the
power and Influence of the family
teschlng. the consecration and devo
tion or the heads of the family cir
clethese are the things that fill the
measure of Thanksgiving at the
myriad household groups gather about
the well laden boards to return
tbanka for the good things of God to
them. From the youngest to the eld
est tn these groups the real spirit of
thanksgiving la set forth, even though
many of them do not dwell upon the
spirit of praise In fact For, after alt.
true thanksgiving ta to be in the
iplrlt of praise and not simply to ex
press forms or devotion. These latter
are essential at the tymbollng forth
of the gratitude of the nation, but
the ttmple loving and the good nest of
the family group it the bssls of the
real thanksgiving iplrlt.
The churchee will be well ttteoded,
and the discourse, the worship and
the tinging will all direct the mind
toward the mighty advance of the
nation that was formed from the scat
tered colonies of the Atlantic tea
board and will point to the beginning
of Thanksgiving day upon the bleak
coasts of New England. All thlt tt
well. God, who made and haa kept
the American people a nation, haa
done more by that act to attest the
spirit of bit fatherhood than by any
other act ta the history of natlont or
or people. All should unite tn wor
ship In the churchee and return home
to enter Into the praise of the family
In the family clrcto will be found
the turkey In the aettlng of the ao
cessorlea of one of the biggest din
ners of the yeai. It la to be hoped
that alf may- have a Thanksgiving
dinner, to that all may enter into
the praise for the goodness of the
giver of every good and perfect gift
Without the turkey, the accepted sym
bol of Amorlcan rejoicing at Thanks
giving time, the day would be incom
plete; with it the spirit and essence
of the occasion la presont
i h:i vnuuririii
from his cheJnboi-J