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About Weston weekly leader. (Weston, Umatilla County, Or.) 1878-189? | View Entire Issue (Nov. 20, 1880)
BATURDAY, NOVEMBEB 20, 1880.
WUIUMMI at VCMX. Miters. ,
Now tltat tie election is over we will
toot be suspected of discussing a political
subject for partisan purposes. The late
vota has established pretty thoroughly
tie (set that a majority of the people of
tie Northen States prefer Protection to
Free Trade or to a -"Tariff for " Revenue
or.ly." The latter means imposing only
such a light tariff as will not effectually
prevent, or even seriously interfere with,
the importation of the manufactures of
other countries. Take for instance glass.
A tariff of 25 per cent would bring in a
revenue to our government, and not dis
courage foreigners from exporting it to
our land : but a . tariff of say 103
(which has been charged), will shut out
all foreign competition, and furnish com
plete Protection to the manufacturers tf
glass. One of the best poists made by
the Grangers in their .organization uf th
last few yearSj related to this point
They said that exorbitant tariff .was only
- building up an i making rich monopolists
of the manufacturer, and positively bring
ing the country no income. A . glance
establishes this trtth. If the tariff
' not too high large quantities of goods
will be imported on which the govern
ment collects a revenue; but an exorbit
ant tariff stops such trade, hence, nogov--rcumental
income. ; Any reasonable per
son will thus probably admit that
"Tariff for Revenue only" possesses the
.advantage of increasing the country's ex-
Probably all acknowledge as a great
underlying principle of our government,
"the greatest good tto the greatest num
ber." There are probably seven million
farmers in the U . S. to-day. Agriculture
is the great unprotected industry. We
venture the opinion that if farmers would
study this matter carefully, 1st, with a
fview to their own interest, and 2d, to the
interest of the country generally, that
then each and every one would oppose
high tariff. They would regard this
question today as of greater moment to
them than the more common one : to
what party do yon belong 1 We would
just like to know why the farmer, who
toils as faithfully as any other class, why
it should have no protection, at the same
4ime he is paying a bonus to nearly every
.other industry 1 The answer will be be
. cause he must export to find a market.
Then if he cannot be protected, is it not
-.unfair to compel him to nurture every
.other business because his own is healthy
and self-sustaining t Protection formu
lated is then : "A tax on healthy indus
tries to maintain weak onea, . Further
the farmers get no benefit in return,
Those -'who favor Protection urge that
'"""'manufactures in this country would die
without it. This we do not admit or be
lieve, as it is a position without proof.
They then ask for a bonus to sustain an
unprofitable business, accordidg to their
vn showing. Now, who pays it 1 Not
he manufacturer, for it is paid to him.
Not the foreigner, for the duty he pays
goes to the government. It must come
rom the unprotected industry, t. e. the
.larmer. is quite evident tbit any
'business demanding protection is not ca
- jiable of fostering any other unprofitable
business, hence from the healthy vocation
ft? ne rrotecraomst, "each business pays
he tariff n -every other, and thus all
pay alike, just the same as does the far
mer." Let us examine this and see if it
will bear scrutiny. Simplify and sup-
pose a community of a farmer, a tinsmith
and a shoemaker. The tinsmith pays,
ay $40 per annum to foster the shoe
maker's business, and the shoemaker $40
to foster the tinsmith's. This balances;
. neither is yirtuhlly out of pocket any.
jBvt how is it with the farmer 1 He pays
40 to foster the shoemaker and the
tame fr the .tinsmith, being an ootlay in
on his part f $80. For which, . mark,
,1irecely noUitngV Thus the farmer
.ikk omy gets uo nenent, but is also a
. positive and continual loser by the ex-
To be continued.)
Ths .electoral vote of New York is still
question undecided. It would seem
now from the attitude of the two parties,
that Congress will have to decide the
matter. It is to be deplored that elec
tions cannot be so conducted as to obviate
yall this turmoil and uncertainty. Unless
frauds areaost palpable ve doubt the
.rjfidotu-of demanding investigation. Jn-
"Wtftigatiag committers and Commissions
aot.etWa better matters caucti.
We" cull the following pertiaenTnuwi
excellent sentiments from the, WtUxwtetle
Farmer- It is now iu the quiet and ab
sence pi political turmoil that measures
for securing fairness in the future eletions
should be discussed. There are few
things more demoralizing to a republican
form of government than a belief that
fraudulent votes have affected or altered
the political complexion of the honest
vote. ' - i ' ,
"But a strict registry law is far more
important than is generally believed. A
man who is a stranger can swear his vote
in at every precinct in the city, under
different names, and can vote in as many
other precincts an he -can reach during
the day, on the pretense that he is travel
ing and could not vote at home. It is
freely charged that voters were imported
from Washington Territory to vote in
this State. We do not know that such
was the case, but the charge is made at
every election, and it is easy enough to
be doau. It is possible, andvery neces
sary to prevent such illegality. , Every
man should be registered in his own pre
cinct, and vote there er not at all ; It is
no hardship for a man to lo-.e his vote if
he cannot vote athome; far (here are
very- few cases where a tx cannot ar
range his business so as to oe at home if
he wishes to, and there is no other way
to secure a fair ballot and so preserve an
honest government This is a matter
that especially concerns the people of the
country, .for the fraud attending elections
are always perpetuated in the towns, and
in that manner the will of the country
can often be set aside, whereas, with an
honest registry law, legal votes of cities
can all be identified within their own
precincts and the managers of political
parties can easily satisfy themselves that
the registered names represent only ac
This, of course, is not a partisian view
of this subject, for every good citizen will
coincide with us as to the importance of
honest election-!. Unhappily, the dis
honest efforts of politicians are not con
fined to any party. Fraud begets fraud,
and the politicians excuse is that he must
"fight the devil with fire." Unscrupu
lous men abound in all parties, and it is
the duty of the people to do what self-
preservation requires to prevent the pos
sibility of corruption. There is the most
urgent need in this Stata of a registry
law, and without it we cannot have fair
elections. It is also necessary that all
polling places should be kept orderly, and
not the least interference . be permitted
with the citizen who intends to vote. It
is a disgrace to our country that our poli
tics often degenerates into an unscrupu
inus" struggle tor power. It remains
then, for honest men' to insist on pure
The marriage of the Czar of Russia
with the Princess Dolgorouki is a topic
of some interest to many newspaper cor
respondents now that there is a lull in
events of great political importance. It
is only about three mounth since, the
death of the Czarina, and several reports
of the Czar's marriage ' have reached us
some stating that the ceremony took place
as early as the end of July last. . The
Czar's infidelity to his late wife was no
torious and was said to not only embitter
her life but hasten her end, and this
Princess was the cause of all the trouble.
There was something so shamelessly
fiant of decency and morality in the
Czar's conduct during his wife's lifetime
that these reports of his doings immedi
ately after her demise are not to be won
dered at. The nvuriage m question is a
morganatic one that is the left hand of
the man is "riven and neither the woman
nor any of her offspring can attain to his
rank. It would be as well to leave the
Czar and his doings unreported.
The tenacity with which our farmers
dins; to the production of wheat and bar
ley to the almost exclusion of every thing
else is a matter to be deplored. There
may be nothing romantic or poetical in
raising hogs; but there is money in it in
this country. If our farmers would mar
ket their wheat in the shape of pork,
bacon and hams they would realize
great deal more than 35 or 40 cents
feashel for it, and the freight would not
he nearly so expensive.
The air is full of rumors regarding the
location of the railroad across the Blue
Mountains. The one that receives the
most credence is that the road starts from
a point two miles above Umatilla Land
ing, crosses Wild Horse about the mouth
ot Spring Hollow, up that hollow to the
Umatilla river, up Meacham Creek, &e
We have not learned positively the
location, but would not be surprised if
the above was nearly correct..
Subscribe for the Lkades.
.'Out: .orrespondent -from -Heppner,
"Ajax," whose opinion we respect, states
that an impression prevails there that
the formation of a county of the western
end of Umatilla failed through the fault
of the Hon. J. Q. Wilson. We have
concieved a very different belief, consider
ing that pertaining to the question of
Division, Mr. Wilson did his duty nobly
and well, even with difficulties to contend
against of an unusual nature. If we are
mistaken wa want to know it; and if we
are correct we desire to see Mr. Wilson
set right before his constituents. ; The
Leader is open to information on this
point from Mr. Wilson or any other re
liable source, and we shall endeavor to
get at the truth in this matter. There
is prima facia evidence that Mr. Wilson
supported Division in the fact that the
Pendleton Tribune did not approve of
his course in the matter. It did indorse
the Hon P. J. Kelly who voted against
reconsidering the question. It spoke in
praise of the Hon. Lawrence of Baker
xho opposed Division emphatically and
ably.- The Standard reported "one" mem
ber from Umatilla in the House, as sup
porting Division, and who was it, when
it was not Mr. Kelly f We have watched
the Statesman to see if Mr. Kelly would"
accept itB invitatiyn to explain his op
position to Division,; but as yet he has
The formation of Garfield's cabinet,
should it finally appear that he is really
elected, is the subject of considerable spec
ulation. From the tenor of the compact
said to have been made between Garfield
and the Grant managers it is evident
that the "stalwarts" will hold the reins of
government, and that Grant himself will
have a seat in the cabinet, either as Sec
retary of State or of War. This is noth
ing more than Grant deserves. He did
much to swell the Garfield vote. He
broke through his famous tacturnity of
a life time and made a political speech.
Grant, Cameron, Logan & Co. could have
defeated Garfield. That they did not
do so, seems to be the result of an under
standing, by which they can control the
administration. Logan also aspires to a
seat in the Cabinet, and will probably
not be disappointed.
If a majority of the American people
voted in favor of a "strong government,"
it is nothing but proper that we should
have it ; and from present indications the
Garfield government will be startlingly
"stalwart" in its character.
This is the way some of the British
journals regard the tariff system in the
United States. The Orillia Times speaks
of it in this way : , .
There is a lesson for the people of this
country here, in the fact that once man
ufacturers get a high tariff placed on goods
coming irom auroad tney win do any
thing to sustain the party who thus en
riches them at ths country's expanse.
In no country a re fortunes made so quick
ly as in the State simply because the peo
ple are taxed heavily to enrich those who
embark in manufacture, and it is' only
because there are plenty of .broad acres
to be had for nothing that its evils in
pauperizing the working classes are not
Official Vote of Umatilla County.
Pncincti. ' Hancock. Garfield.
Pendleton, 3C9 222
Umatilla, 93 55
Meadows, 35 33
Greasewood, 45 . 88
Centervllle, 149 130
Weston, 209 163
Milton, 172 188
Alta, . " . 70 67 ,
Lena, ' 5 10 ;
Upper Butter Creek 21 21 1
Lower Butter Cr. 17 12
Heppner, 197 128
Mountain, 15 18
Blaloclt, . 27 26
Vansycklr. . 20 24
Lowei Willow Cr. 47 19
Oanuw, 24 20
Cottonwood, 44 26
Total, 1535 1250
Hancock's majority, 285.
Standard Gauge Road. Col. J. Rich
ardson, formerly President of the Hannibal
and St. Joseph Railroad, left San Francisco
Thursday morning on the Oregon. He brings
the important information that Jay Gould
and associates of the Union Pacific Railroad
have raised all necessary funds and completed
arrangements for building a standard gauge
railroad from Ogden, Utah Territory, to Boise
City Idaho Territory, a distance of about two
nunaraa ana ntty miles, i he narrow gauge
road already built from Ogden to a point
forty miles north will be utilized by laying a
third nuL The road will run through the
Malade eonntry and will he completed within
eighteen months. The Grande Ronde branch
of the Oregon Railway & Navigation Com
pany a lines to Baker City, Oregon, - will be
completed about the same time aud there will
then remain only one hundred miles to com
plete another trans-continental railway.
J udge. E. B. Taylor is chosen as the
Republican candidate to succeed Garfield
in the House.
' -. TCavHlata to. Vanpy. ;
VESTOS, Nov. 16th, 1880. .
Editors Leader :
. Gentlemen : If it is true, as physiolo
jUi inform us, that water constitutes in the
human subject, between two-thirds and three
fuur'.lio ci tan entire weight of the body, it is
not ditheatt to conceive how much influence
the iind of water an individual drinks may
have upon his sanitary condition. Those of
us -who foand, "back in the States," that
the best and purest water issue from moun
tain springs or wells, and that the water in
valleys was too apt to be impregnated with
substances deleterious to good health, are
prone to fancy that the same condition of
affairs ought to exist here. But "back in the
States" the richest soil is usually confined to
the "bottoms" or valleys, and the hills are fre
quently rocky, while here the opposite obtains;
it is cur nigh bills that carry the deep soil,
and our canons that betray the presence of
the bedrock. The springs on our mountains
are too apt to contain nothing but surface
water, holding in solution too frequently the
product of animal and vegetable decomposi
tion, than which nothing can be more in
jurious to the promotion and maintenance
of good health. On the othsr hand the water
that makes its appearance in the springs and
11 .1 . a .....
wens oi tue valleys lias been panned by a
long process of filtration. In support of this
idea I find it a subject of remark amons intel
ligent and observing physicians that diseases
on the mountain have more of a'tendeacy to
assume a low, tvph.-id type than the same ail
ments iu the valleys. The atmosphere ought
surely to be clearer ;mii p -rer in the elevated-
regions, and if there is: this diflcreuce in dis
ease it must be attributed to the vitiated con
dition of the water. Perhaps we do not suf
ficiently estimate the value of pur water. It
is a subject worthy of attentiou and if there is
any ground for the suspicion that the water
on our mountains contains enough organic
matter to make it have a deleterious influence
upon the human system, it would be for pub
lic good to hare this point made the subject of
investigation. It is a mistake to suppose that
because water is clear, cool, and palatable, it
must of necessity be pure and wholesome. It
is in fact the presence of salts in solution that
renders water so agreeable to the taste. With
out these salts it would be unpleasantly in
sipid. But the impurities in water which
we have most cause to dread are not thoee of
an inorganic nature. On the contrary many
of these are beneficial. It is decayed vegeta
ble matter that most frequently renders it
active in the production of disease. Where
then, in this country, are we most apt to find
the water holding this poisonous product of
If this is of sufficient public interest, by
giving it space in your paper, yon will oblige,
It may not be difficult to write against the
use of tobacco, but it is difficult to induce per
sons to abandon the use of it. Every slave to
its nse admits that it is a filthy and injurious I
habit, but clings to habit as tenaciously as
man clings to lite. There is little hope of re
forming such men. The most that can be
done touching the evil is to try to prevent
the young frum forming the habit. However
1 have persuaded- a number of conscientious
persons to give np the practice."' I am aware
that anyone now urges anything in favor of
the use oi tobacco. . Those who want to use
it staff their mouths full of the vile drug, or
gin insulting the noite of the world with the
fuiue of tobacco smoke regardless of any
thing that may be said in its favor. Tobacco
is a food, but is a rank vegetable poison; and
in the unaccustomed animal produces vertigo,
fuintness and sickness, young men persevere
in the nse of it nntil they can endure it, and.
then until they lore it. It's a medicine. No
competent phyaiciau recoiimands it as such,
not even for the toothache. A good dentist
is a good prescription for this common malady.
The use of the drug in no way benefits any
one, there is not only no good reason for its
nse, men do not desire any reason for using
It not only paralyses the nerves of thous
ands, but it blunts the conscience and sensi
bilities also. Tbey become indifferent to this
question. They do not care. The slave of
tobacco invariably admits all that oae can say
against it, and then turns this serious matter
into a joke and fills his mouth a little taller
ot the stuff, or puffs away j.t bis short six. It
is strange what particular pains young men
and boys will take to learn that which will
make them miserable, ruin their health, ren
der them disgusting to their friends, and
damage tht-ir reputation. This suflBcoth for
the present. OLIVER MosiER.
At Home, Nov. 8th, 1880.
We like Uw editoriais of the Portland
Standard, but are obliged to say that
somebody has got charge of the local de
partment who does nut do honor to the
position. The evident design of an item
last week was to urge parties in Couch
precinct to "tar and feather" Harvey
Scott of the Oregonian. Such a tone is
very disreputable, it is simply rowdyism.
No matter if Scott called them "thieves
and cut-throats," or said any of them
"could bn bought for $2.50." If true
they should not resent it; and if false and
they stand above suspicion or reproach,
then the calumny will react on its author.
We depreciate the sentiment, as also the
utterance of the Oregonian, but we par
ticularly dislike to se a leading demo-
i i t . .
crauc journal ae3cenamg to suen a
Oh, yes ! Yon can rely on Webfoot
oil at all times, night or day, as a sure
cure for croup or spasm. Ask for it at
NEW GOODS! NEW PRICES!!
HE LADIES OF WESTON AHD VICINITY I
an resDCctfuilv informed thai ths Under- I
signed has opened out and now oners tor sue a
Complete Stock of First-Class
At Moderate Prices.
The Latest Styles of Hats and Bon
nets always on hand in -:
xxiAxxxxixra, rijuwiihs. and everv
n ill Ul iJUiiuttUIUU) SUlf .
the most Fastid
ious. LABTR5 will save money bv examining
uy gwua uc.uic purciiasiug eisfwnere.
HAM STKEET WESTON.
(Arext door to Hardware Store.)
Mrs. 31. E. MILLER.
nor 13tf -
W T. COCK,
J. H. IBTIJfE, M. D
Centervillc . ... .Oregon.
Contains a full stock of Fur
DRUGS & PATENT MEDICINES,
AKD TOILET ARTICLES
PAINTS. SWEET & LIERICATING OILS
Clocks, Watches and Jewelry,
BOOKS and STATIOXARY,-
Todd's Cold Pens:
Fine Cigars, and Tobaccos,
Choice Wines and Liquors,
For Medicinal purposes only. ' ' '
Prescriptions and Beeelprs Componaded
with Care and Dlspalrh.
COOK, &a HtVINB .
E. SAKER, Proprietor.
This Centrally located -aud Popular House
f - - . havitifr -ljoen " iiiirlv'7 "Rffitfl -
and Refurnished is ; . :..'.'-v"
! ITow opened to the public under the
mil at all lines be fonad tarnished vrltk Ike
Very Cest the unrket affords, and eery
i exertion untie to satisfy llae wants
j " of Ike patrons of the House,
"' -3- .'v.::..''
Are all nw, and tbe rooms bare been furnished In tb
neatest style and with every convenience usually found
in a nrst-clart house.
The Pendleton Hotel has a Fire-Proof Sale lo
tha deposit of Valuables.
And In all its department it win bs up with the
times and the Proprietor is determined that it shal
maintain the reputation of being ths .
Bet Douse East of the Xoswtalas.
THE STAGES STOP HERE.
The resident and traveling public are respectfully
nvited to eau. E. BAKER.
Theugh Shaklns like aa Aspen Leaf
With ths chills and fever, the victim of malaria ma
still recover by using this celebrated specific, wbiob not
only breaks up tbe most aggravated attacks, but pre
vents their recurrence. It is infinitely preferable to
Suinine, not only because it does tbe business far more
lorouehly, but also on account of its nerfnt arhni.
someness and invigorating action upon the entire sya
For sale br all Drucirists and Dealers generally
To Land Hunters !
Persons wanting land" between Pendleton
and the Columbia river, should call on
W. W. Cavtaess.
at tbe head of Cold Spring. Also improved
lands, at all prices, fer sale. 9-2-80-tf
ST. JIICHOL'S HOTEL
Mew House, Mew Furniture.
Stages Stop Here.
Board, . . . iiBa..
Tfce Best Table to (fee Ceenttryt
OctS-Sm ' jbl mawaM
THE ' - ' ;.
Valley Academy I
Boarding and Day School for Boys.
Walla Walla, W. T,
Second Tear Begin Monday, September
IBM nsTrrmox ffekk a took.
ouch Knubsh and classical muik nor. m.
pared for collese a Specialty. Taltion 10, tffc
and S26, according to daw, per term, (halt rear.) Board
and washing, S110 per term oi 20 weeks. For flutter
particulars, addrea the frindpal.
Kev. J. D. HcCO.Vkl.l-. Jf. A.. B. Bu.
P. O. box Soil
Walla Wall. W. T.
THE LITTLE JOKER
CLOTHES WASHER ,
"III WASH Ileitis AT A THE-,
lure nrments. null osas law or nu
wubes them clesn: oerer tears oil or breaks bub..
cannot ruin tho dottles a particls; is easily works
wiu aioHw pacKiBg crewes poioro aanmr Utess,
Unequalled for Washing Wool.
Mrs E Robins Mrs 3 E Bean
Mrs M Bentley ku CrathU BearW
Mrs M A Matlock Mrs Lot Ursrmor
Miss Lizzie Sbull Mrs A K Peanintoa
JKeeney Mrs V Wbitoonb
Mrs A Cols Mrs It J Arnold.
KEXXISOX & ELY,
UTAH, IDAHO A XORTHERX
Leaves Pendleton for Umatilla every Tne
cay, i uurstiay ana Saturday at 5 T. K.
Leaves Weston daily fe The Dalles, viit
mot llock and Ueppuer, at 1:5 A. it.
Leaves Weston daily fr WaMa Waits, visv
Allium, at 10: 4SA. M.
Kcw Coaches, Oocd Stock. Skilled Drivers an4 able pra
and rvliablc Comriuiy.
R. A. KTKF.L, AgW
SA1LSEURV, 1IA1LKT A CO., Proprietors. .
- Dyi iglitjt Bailey, U '
General tan A AccbIo. Salaries rMJe end
;-. :'y. Beat Estate BroLrrs,
. Pendleton. Oregon . .
Ustc Towxsnir Plats of all surveyed land Is UraatUla.
County and a record ot all Land Clsitue frota lbs flist
oration tu the present tune, and cornictad ssnit-vsekb;
from the Land otace at LaCrande. - -
Will tornrc eb.'uns for tarries under aav of the Land.
Lavs of tt:c- V. f.. ctduv roa-tcstud rapes before Uw
Local Ld Ottk.tr, aud on ajipoal to the fJeyartasest at
Will fumian Soldiers Additional nomssteed Fleato
and all kinds ot Land Scrip oa shaft Motia and atlvwas
market rats .
Will bnvand seH lands, ettr nronertr.. Aaon saasaaav
bcomrosaion. . .
Tha Plattf and Beeords ansae referred to an tha astrr
I ones of the kind iu UniatUUt County, and settlers aaja
save time and a tup to LoCranoV: by eoaaisf to saw -
tTKt kave special facilities ft teeattnc
In Pricaif at tha
CENTERVILLE HARDWARE STORE f
All kinds of Tinware kept la Meek aaat Tr
Job Work and Repairing Neailu ortul
Cheaply done. All Goods in my line told ;
at Walla Walla prices. K. 831ITH.
Outerville, Or. 7-17-80-tf
J. II. RALEY.
Surveyor and Civil Engineer,
, Pendleton, Oreeon.
Town Plats made and Lands Located. :
OFFICE At the Cnrl Baaue.
nal, publiahad every Saturday, at US Calilornia at. S. F
FRAKK M. PIXLET, 1
FBKI. 1L SOUKBS. f - .Etwee
Tbe AaoosasT is eaaentiallv a ratifo!. vui
bright, breezy of the Paeineaod tbe saedimm af (he
gooa things of current ntcratare. Sent, peat paid, te
W. H. ROWLAND,
PHYSIO-MEDICAL OR BOTANIC
of Woaeea sad CMIdraa. Dfohtfcaria aaA
Chronic Complaints, ahw Eztraettnc el teeth a spas
laity. Coumltation Free at my OtBce, Beat deer wa
Hoffman Morris', CUtTJtVLLLk, Or.
- aal dealer ta .
f CI XfcXJ IT U ,