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About Weston weekly leader. (Weston, Umatilla County, Or.) 1878-189? | View This Issue
WESTON, UMATILLA COUNTY, OREGON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2, L8S0.
WESTOX WEEKLY LEADER
w. T. WlulJAatmiX, O, l. M0OI.L
WILLIAM aft M'l'WLL, raHtlshrra.
' Jun ed Evert Saturday Mokxiso,
wkhtu!, imatilla clh sty oh.
IM Year, Mn), V.. i .W W
Mt MoiiUi .... J OU
thrrl MuiiUm... 1 au
timi vooiee .......tJ4Lt
Aalveriialae; Malra. .
On. nr (I lneh)rt imcrtion... ...ft W
lutli id Jitlinml liiMftlun . IW
failaiuMi Urat kneurtim 1 M
liacb additional InMrtMn 1 M
Three HuuariM, lint itimrtlon v 3 Oo
' Lw'b esaiihaial Mieertlim 100
ma wKcrCulUHtii, NtviliMerttolh......... 1H
taut, atltlltfcmal itieertlmi. I SO
Tim. advertiser by special eantract. Look) noUr.
3e rvtitt per Una It rut Inaertlon. H enta par line tawh
wtmKiiMit laeurtkta. AdverUalntf bill payalx uum-
All twfal nutlm will b rlianred Tft cent tier sullare
nt liiertli, aial 74 cent, per wUar each eubaeqdeiit
U.mon ujayafas auaitnc).
Kencs. HitnAa anmmnceaieiite of births, Marriage
ni UmUii will na taeerted wltliout uharge. Obituary
iwucm .barked lar acv.rdiDu to length.
O V. KNOX,
Attorney at Law,
Will practice In tin CourU of tlila state and W h
Kton Territory. Hiwvia
e.jiiieaii and Collections.
iiyWii Territory. Hei-ial attoMUon paid Ui Land oniM)
fflrMala M.. Wealaa, O.
Attorney at Law,
airril'K-.lt Caart Mmv. Italia Walla
GUTTLERY AND PIPES 1
Perfamery, Toilet Soaps,
MtESlIt A3e AMKKICAX
Toys and Nuts,
TOBACCO AN1 ClttAILS,
Whoeaale al Kriail.
Fred. M. Pmily,
Attorney at Law and Notary Public.
W U prarOaa 4 theCaarts ia Ori-J.ai ued Washington
CoBectunu Promptly Attended To.
4ttH K. M Jfal JWrrrC. . WnIm, Or
Aotury Public aad Collector.
Agunt fur l'C?i, H, a and Oroya jit da 'a. aJao,
Valeria taaaUaa. !. Taj a. MtlHia.4'lsar
Tabarraa. a4 aaaifraaa atkrr aMiatra,
QUO. Y. UJJA.
AtlM-aey at Law.
Will pracllac ill all tlie mnrUnl tim MMte.
i V. WESTOX. XI. I.
Physician, Surgeon and Accoucheur.
AU rail araupll allraajnl.
S. H. Kennedy's Mf g Co
The T-"Tg3s of tlia kinl ia tU s V. 3
Vj Please oxniiiiiif tin- of tim
g aaaav' (liferent Jild ninl ric vi.:
51 Saa Dissolved Sulphur Dip,
Price $2.25 a gallon,
This ia equal to 30 Ita the 1est
Concentrated Extract of
Price, 92.25 a gallon,
Thi ia my FAVORITE Dip be
CURES SCA II and can as
ui - uvree of strength with aafety.
Hemlock Poisonous Dip,
I 'rice. $2.25 a maUou.
AXI) IS THE BEST POISONOUS DII IN
Each OiHon of these Dips
117 mtikr. rnoiyk for iJ lilitrjt after
EEPEIEVE3, COMMUTATIONS AND
Extract from QuV Thayer1 Measage.
The Constitution and laws of the State
require the Governor to report to the
Legislatire afluernbly, each case of re
prieve, commutation and pardon granted
by him, and the reasons for granting the
same. Also the names of all persons in
whose favor the remissions of fines and
forfeiture shall have been made, and the
several amounts remitted. In obedience
to that requirement, ' I sulilnit at this
time, my report upon that subject. The
nuaiber of commutations, as you will ob
serve front the reporj, is large, probably
much larger than has ever been granted
in this State during the same length of
tme. There are two reasons for this,
th e one is, that there has been a greater
number of convicts in the penitentiary
during the time referred to than at any
prior period of like duration. The other
is, that in! nearly all cass where convicts
have been discharged before the expira
tion of their term of sentence, a commu
tation has been granted, while formerly
a practice prevailed of remitting a por
tion of the sentence, or, as it was termed,
allowing extra time in favor of a party
on account of some extra service, and
discharging him without granting any
commutation or pardon, but the same as
if he had served the full term subject to
the remission for merits as provided by
statute, this resulted in allowing more
emlit for merits than the statute author
: i.!'l. 1 'nave no desire to criticise the
' ructice referred to, of allowing extra
time to convicts for some extra labor or
meritorious services, beyond tint which
they li ay entitle themselves to under the
rule, laid down in the statute. I have
adopted the practice myself, jut have not
authorized the discharge of the convict
in such cases, without a formal commuta
tion or pardon, if J believed him entitled
to a pardon.. You will notice in a great
majority of 'the cases of commutation,
the convicts have served nearly all the
time specified in their sentence. The
object of granting the commutation in
such cases, haa been to render the dis-
Special Dip for Scab, , , ,, ,
Prtee, $2..) a gallon. j frequently j tieeu commented upon by
Reliable at any of the year, especially j parties, with a much apparent serious-
ao hi the Full and Winter. j itessan if tLre had beeu an important
Pat up iu one ami 6ve galkm cans irith all exercise of th pardoning power.
uiw.Bmsa vy. iimi. i r.
m ia. . ... '.I lit flMUlCIV. tV-
rarapniets sent rree to any Address.
Soli Igr all jtriiiaojwvl 4caXu in the IT. S.
Ml alrail la
Jb' U JLCJM JL'JL' U Jb&XI,
CK.VTKBTI LLE, 4i.
I jyi. V. R. JONES,
ikiki 4T ths ficfvaa Gtwzar, Wshtuh, Oihook.
t-f liwcrtiu Artificial Teeth, a 8 a lattvXSl.
US. KEI.LOCC & NICHOLS.
J. MrtKACKEK d- CO.,
Homoepathic Physicians and Surgeons
OFFICE -Paine Bros' Brick.
9 SH.4al Attaatiuu t'nru Ui iliaoaaaa of tlie Kl e. Vat
R. JAMES lMJRO,
LeaaUaji Erralac ItviMfff Weat af th
D illy Bulletin, one rear lf
Weekly aiiil Friday Itiilltftfu (inakirtr W-atlieJ
a ouinlilete Semi-Weekly , S 0
Weekly alone, owe year . It
larta of a year in proportion.
FREE SEED DISTRIBUTION.
Kaeh euhaericer will he preaentod with aciaral ve
rietica of Hare and Valuable TIIKK. VBdET ABLE and
KIXIWtK SKKItti, equal in value to the aubacnution
prhe of tlie paper.
esT send lor Sample copy, iclvin;; lull parucuiam.
ReoiiUanos4 by Ilruft. Poitulfiee Order. Vkelhi. Kaivo
& Co. 'a KxpreiM, and KeKieteml lttor. at our riak.
t. r. M LLtrrix -..
Maa Fraarlara, 'al.
ar.B al- MfC TBE. WALLA WALLA
tVVtmtb ataaotad vtthaat pala aod all arark war
Of We.ll, will make frequent profeMional ri.it
at n aaiaa ana reiHuewu.
FkyklrlaUi umd Surgeon,
mrr, ( alaor la 4ftr lraic Starr.
k. V. T. WILLIAMSON,
Physician and Surgeon,
ftmtr at kta rrotrmrr n Water M.
RS. ROVDi ALBAX,
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS,
Pal a Bra's rw BeteU
NO PATENT, NO PAY.
The fiMiiK-rii of tlie Constitution very
wisely and properly vested in the Gover
nor th". pardoning power. No other
braiu'h t' flie ( "loveriiment could have
ex.-rt:is(t it :is well.. Hie Judiciary
could not, as it no.ccsKai'ilv' would be con-
trolled iu its action by. general rules,
both iu tin- ai'iuisvion of testimony and
iu it decisions, :x;ul a Legislative assem
bly would evidently be a very ui.lit body
to exercise such a prerogative. All Gov
ernmental institutions are but human
inventions, and at their best are very
imperfect, however much they may ben
efit mankind. Depriving a human being
of life or liberty as a penalty for the
transgression of law, is an assumption on
the part of a common'realth, of high au
thority, and it can only be justified upon
the ground that the safety of tlie public
demands it. The execution of the offend
er, or his continued detentiou secures
an immunity from-his furtlier depreda
tions, his reformation would have tite
same effect, though that is not likely to
be effected except through the influence
of punishment. Bat the roast important
aim, in the infliction of puiikhment, k
to afford a f-alutarv example to those
I who are not restrained by moral senti
ments or through moral influences. To
detrmine, then, wliat is condii.ni punish
ment in a particular case, the security of
the public from the acts of the articular
offender and the beneficial influence it
will have upon those who are prone to
evil, must be considered. Tlie Legila
ture in prescribing the vindicatory jart
of a penal act, lias in view a general class '
of offenders only, and a wide latitude is
usually given to the courts in adminis
tering it, though som of our penal stat
utes are very much:' restricted, among
which may be included the provision of
the criminal code which makes it a felon v
to steal an article in a building, without
regard to the value of the article or the
kind or condition of the building. An-
OFFICE 'At Drug Store, C..V.V, j other is tlie provision which makes it a
vine species, hog or sheep, punishable by
imprisonment in the penitentiary without
any alternative, and without' regard to
the value of the animal.
The judge who pronounces the sen
tence of the law upon offenders, has a
better opportunity to know what amount
of punishment should be inflicted, as he
has heard the testimony in their case,
and been able to observe the surround
ings. But the evidence adduced is ad
mitted under rules that are general, and
often arbitrary, besides he may be 'im
pulsive and in some cases been uncon-
'seiously prejudiced, and he certainly does.
not know the effect the punishment he
imposes will have upon the culprit, or
its influence upon the public. Nor can
he know the many little circumstances
surrounding the transaction which have
influenced a perpetration of the offence,
and over which the offender had no con
trol. Whenever it can be ascertained that
punishment has fulfilled the purpose for
which it was intended, or has accom
plished all it is capable of accomplishing
in a particular case, its continuance, be
comes vindictive. By a close inspection
of the conduct of convicts, and an inquiry
into their history, many facts may be
elicited which, iu some cases, tend to ex
tenunate their transgressions. Many
of them, however, naturally belong iu a
prison, are vicious and unfit to be at
large, while many others owe their con
dition more to misfortune than to de
pravity. It has been my policy thus far,
to hold them to a rigid discipline w hilt;
in prison, and to release them as .soon as
cousistant with public safety and justice. !
I havfs doubtless made mistake in the
exercise of the. pardoning power, but in
every case I have exercised it consci
entiously and with a view to benefit the
prisoner and the State. And in nearly
all of the cases, so far as I have been
able to learn, those who have lieen, re
leased, have since conducted 'themselves
prpperly. The duty which the authority
imposes is not a pleasant one. It would
be much more agreeable to a Governor
to shirk its responsibility entirely by re
fusing to interfere in any case, but it
would be very unjust to adopt any such
The law requires also that when the
Governor grants a reprieve, commutation
or pardon, or remits a fine or forfeiture,
he must within ten days thereafter, file
all the papers presented to him in rela-
tiori thereto, in the office of the Secretary,
of State, by whom they must be kept, as
public records, open to public inspection.
You will find the papers relating to the
cases reported on file in accordance with
the law and subject to your examination.
THE lT. S. LAND LAWS.
What the Settler Is Beqalred tedsta Araalre
THE HOMESTEAD ACT.
The applicant must be a citizen of the
United States, or have taken out his
first papers declaring his intention to be
come a citizen He. must be 21 years
old, or the head of a family. He may
enter insideor outside of railroad limits
160 acres, or any subdivision thereof.
On filing the claim the Land Office fee
is $22 on the 160, if the land is within
railroad limits, or, $16 if it is outside.
The applicant is required to establish his
residence on the land within six months
from day of filing. He can settle on the
land three months, if it be "unoffered"
land and thirty days if it be "offered'
land, before filing his claim, and have
his five year's residence counted from the
day of settlement. If he has settled on
unsurveyed land he must make his filing
within 3 months from the filing of the
township plot in the land office. The
law says this residence must be a con
tinued one for five years, but this does
not prevent temporary absence for labor,
even of several months, or for visits.
Umvit, Ket 38th 1880.
liMrt HtlAt:K. Gleuretr", I noticed1
wih yteart m ysr last eeiV f$ele ort-
tfcrpBalae mfoudfetf fSt ensionir
fcyStferarliinewfedge.. fotf nMmtionetr1
incidentally &at ita tkmtm fdniration''
wwaot eoJlrMd to literatwe, 1 very
baritil agree wftlt you. If tWfe is airy .
one' subject more than another trtfrflt'
peep)4 pretend to appreciate and tiftttf2f
stauids.Bfaiak it iffmusicr.- A greatfmari"
p9ple"leTe imbibed' the ideav no on
kBcrtbow or lr-re, that music is re-.
fimiogtaikd ele1 vrfajg Ms jifetaaeee, and
hstiii sat mark ftadt b'reding
M'ptos.tafct if te-Kkr music,'5-
taeyvesi. if iry mWsh anwP of-'ctftiBe"
mderetaail! &- A ltd yhh At 2'jal;de,--tcargaUfci
itr-thre k freqflJmtfy
aUle&&!ofV cKadain ir these- wb '
asayb4 se glttw'r-and- ntaprd mm tahX to
pjratiwrte tfflrK&t boMposerlv an&thVy
aotheni69pifiafiitift araitri thai '
i nlaha?ray.lw;l.r' tai; greatest r!"
fihatnteirti'. Jimttv'tjirn a attiere' in"
tai"'i3Mlft'6Viury.Es sentretlilng io"
tak.point. . Bialng:e4 tliwewhoor-'
siiipiitlla pagan diviniie of literature"'
aW-oanvM "TW se tlfctBte -happens bufi"
There is a very geueral mistaken idea,
however, that if the homesteader pay ftfeetVrfurf iv aior excusable! becaussC''
an occasional visit to his land every feir j fibey.hiw less Mttrral intelligence nfth'''
weeks or months he is living on it uf- liv!si"o'hiaic. Instead of Vamg sorry
ficiently to hold his claim. Late deci. LfcrstllaV foer"folks-- who"a- 'ho j ear
sions hold that such proceeding woulat tanirsaaMi(aQittle,naMr MMlie ciung'
be evidence of an (Metnjtf. to wade tlielvtw UeWikJ ertenrity,-tb.y)Vfcrhlmitltti
and would forfeit tlie land to the govern- ji -mik W-eipdoaehes fo trlihvc is itv ftuct a
ment. In five years he can, or wit Vina jcuhA' inifinaSt? ' yxnu rth ! you
o.iteAnrd ftkr wecltaniVn device, mvd'ua or other com
UMiftdfL ornamental deiini. tnule-niarkH aiul luht-U.
Cartmte. Anstigiimciitit, lntrferwM. liifriitgeniefitti. and
jul utuen relating to t'ateiiU, proimitly axtendeu u.
We Mtke prtHm jiiary ciuuiijnaioniiAiia furnish opinkin
sut U Lntftbiiity. free of chnrve, And aJl ho are inter-
ettUHl in new uivefiuon and t'&tnUjhre invittui to ena
for a copr of our "t2n.de for obtaininy Patenti," which
ia milt free to any addrow, and lontaina complete in
HtructioiiH ltow to obtain Intent and other valuable
matter. Ihiriny the mat five yeara we hae obtained
nearly throe ttiouMnd Patent tor Amerkat and Foreign
inventor, and oui tivt aatiKfuc-tory rt-fercnet inalujotft
every comity Ui tlie I'muti.
Andrvsv: sUimIh tttjrxrrt' iwSolia?itoni of f'atentii
and Attonievsat Law, Lclttoit fiuildiug, VI nahliistoB
T. E. BRAMEL,
SL'RVKYUK AND CIVIL ESiilSKSa.
LOCATED AT WKLt- SPR1KUS. LilATILlJk CO..
in thillea District. .UwiriitK tana mcuui
would do well to correspond ith huu. "tUjavi,,t 1 o.
W. T. COOK,
An illicit still, valued at $2,000 and run in
a viuegar factory conducted by Thorst & Her
nuniH, was seized by the Internal Revenue
officers at Chicago.
A political prisoner, confined at St. Peters
burg, recently hanged himself, but before so
doing, is reported to have disclosed the names
of the Nihilixt leaders and the author of the
Yi liter Palace explosion plot.
Five deaths in four days,, says the Bodie
Free Press, discloses the fart that the shotgun
and revolver are not played out, and that they
are very handy things to have in the lioue
The Oil Company at work in Moody's
Gulch, Santa Clara county, made a rich strike
oil Prklay afternoon last. They cut a stream
of oil in well No. 4, which sent the fluid in a
sijaeata thirty-five feet above the ground.
Work at the various railroad camps in the
vieiiutyof Vancouver, W. T., is lieinn crowd
ed, all tlie available men and teams being en
gaged or the work.
Fourteen female micsionaries from the Pres
byterian 1 Viand of Missions passed through
Cheyenne yesterday, on the way to settle
ments in Utah, dal and Western Wyoming.
In Montana, near Foflt ICeogh, Crow In
dians recently drove a band of 4,000 buffaloes
into a mountain torrent, and, becoming en
tangled in the stampede, 30 Jpdians, 50 po
nies and 1 ,000 buffaloes were drowsed.
The fruit crop, with the exception .of ap
ples, will be tight ia Northern Idaho.
The city taxes of Seattle, W. T., for 1880, j
amount to 918,882, about 925 of which U"
the delinquent list.
seven years he innst, subn'it prtfof, umiler
oath, consisting of his own testimony and
that of two credible witnesses, that he
has made the place his home and has
cultivated it. If his proof is satisfactory
he gets a patent without further eost,
excepting the final Land Office fee of
$12 inside of railroal limits and $6 cut
side, and the cost of proof, aruountiug to
$4 in both case. - Any time after six
months of actual residence the occupant
may make final proof, an'! jiay for Ids
land at the rate of $2.50 per aero if vith-
in railroad limits; or $1.25 if without.
Any contract to convey a portion of a
claim before making final proof, destroys
one's rights An unmarried woman may
take a claim, and if she marries a con
tinued residence will give her a title in
her own name. Under the homestead
law the applicant must appear in person
at the local land offic", present his appli
cation, and take the required oath. The
6nal rlfidavit and proof, however, may
be made I fore the judge, or, in his ab
teHce, before tlifl clerk of any court of
record of the district in which the land
is situated. - A person should use his
Pre-emption right before he does his
Homestead, as in a Pre-emption he has
to swear that he has not abandoned a
home of his own in the same state or
territory to settle on his Pre-emption
7-17-80-tf ! Mjy to sieaj any of the equine or lio-
In the House the question of building
an Asylum for the insane has in a man
ner been tested. So far there seems to
be no disposition on thejpart of that body
to saddle the State with the unnecessary
expense of erecting a costly, structure, at
a time when it Las more public buildings
under headway than it finds itself capable
of completing. It is sometime yet until
the expiration of the present contract
and it would be but wisdom to allow
things to remain as at present, and com
plete the buildings already begun before
commencing others. In the mean time
we know that the insane will be properly
cared for, as they have been in the past,
under the skilful care of Dr. Hawthorne.
"WSjwIbI !' tHiy)es'JiMi, JJareonteniptible
iat4'CwaWr-w&l'yaf no music in hia
seuli'i.' TKiifc UfvsnMiy very rude. Een
pi2ctfwoaT: nut musical have their
fjrJrgs; they understand wlatMw abusive
l&Kguage and resent it.' Thes is too
nsttktcutli ia this even, if moico is so
ver,yr8iw(Efin its inllnwice. "4AhJ I
am soofidiiifiifaaaietliere-ia notlrfrt$gi'r
the rp)diiLw jiiit?';r'caitiiinjL Stm thtsete
who -ygutMl': be eqwmfjrv sastWitic . oven-r
Beetfcwi'i -Moonlight Soto) ,wr Oldid
Dan Tfokir i if i irejideited lTt "BugvfMl.l
;mu8ici" is-!il4lyn annoying. . TV.,
ilto.listeaifVl"g5i7. i in all, polifef-.
w BertnirI,MOvjwi8001s.,.aBiaerahl(. per-, .,
fonaance i perrfirtljiy aggpeaing. Th, ,
fact tha alines.' every. pieoa- of music .
executed ini tomppny miaands. men or
less laudatabaileadi ttxtsa-aonaluiauttiuBt :
there can be EoldIyTendeed otqtuo- or .
that those who ebgj-aaTeiaoapablr- of
judging, or do not aeanivha thay say;:
and we know that ertai nraaiar cmi 1m.
and to frequently is WHyybtaic&erwdt..
But for fear of being cornvklecad ldesierLt
in the appreciation of "the dimiiie- aactVL "
we sacrifice the truth and join iiu tha.
chorus yhow sweet," "very nice itrdbedj'.
"remarkably well rendered," Jcc &e, whaot
at the sain e time we think it is nothins
of the kind. Good music hath charms
no doubt; but it is not every obo who
can appreciate them, nor is it necessary
that they should pretend to when they
do not. On the other hand bad music,,
or pieces from which all the niasie- aad
harmemy are driven in the rendition are
simply execrable and yet we dare not
say so, Why can't we be honest about
this as about other things f If we were,
we would do away with much f the
music that is merely an annoyance and
relieve the lovers of tnusio from the
odium of being considered either' ignor
ant or sycophantic.
A correspondent of the Lodi Review,
writing from Railroad Flat, Calaveras
county, says : Railroad Flat is to-night
a deserted village, only one person re
maining there, all others having Hed.
Every resident in the place, threej er
sons excepted, have lately been prostrated
by malarial fever. Five persons have
died, and the school is broken up.
Oh, yes ! You can reiy on Webfoot
oil at all times, night or day, as a sure
eure for croup or spasm. As!: for it at
McColl A: Miller's.
Webfotft Oil cures pain, internal or
external in from one to fifteen minutes.
Warranted. For sale by McColl fc
Use Grieolavi Hair Tonic for preserv
ing the liair.
Suliscrila? for the Lkadkr.
They are arran-jing the furniture in the
The walls of Milarkie'sbrick are now ona
The fence around the Court House square
is Bearing completion.
The store of Hexter's has been removed
from Main to Court street. '
Wheeler Bro.'s & Co. have lately received
a large invoice of agricultural implements. -
Hancock aud English CUlbnieOta uu FrMwr
evenings of each week. Pemocrnt VJU and
Our representatives, in tbe ''third house,"
telegraph that more nionay i seeded at
The Court House, dnring th Iftat w k has
received two coats of paint, and now it looks
somewhat like a mud puddle.
Business of Circuit Court pillna up fast,
enough already on hands or fpur weekjl
term of court and muchpf it a jll heunGnuh4
the coming term if tlie cojjny ia not divided.