1 ,1 VOL. 2, WE&TOK WEEKLY LEADER . T. WILLIAMSOX, O. F. M'COLL WILUilUM at M'tOLL. JhaMlshers. Issued Eveitr Saturday Morxixg, waeTox, umatiixa county aaerlptlasa Kalra t OK. Omt Tear, (uoin). U Month AM aJonslar... aau Uaaa, W 00 s w 1 w . ..!JU Avritajsuc Bate. Oh lan (1 tacb) liuarttun fl 50 lack atfaatfaoal toawtfon M T huM, Int Insertion .. ....! . addlUunal insartion 1 So Tbraa Maunm, Irs hrtioa. ,. .. S Uu Hack sdrtiainnal inaartie log Um wur Culwu, tint w Mrti 5 : tak addtuaaal Insertion. 10 Tin advartisaia by special can tin'.. Local notir tt Ml par Una irat iusertion, U -nU per line each subavueat insertion. Advsrtiaiiif bill payab, quar Ml). Al lnJ aotias will be charged 7 'lent per square rat iassatioa, and l'i cent per square aaclt aubioquent lustrtioa (payable aieuthly). Hmtrn. aiipl aanounoamenta o! births, marriage ,i4 deaths will a Inserted without char,-,. Obituary notice, tbargad for aofemliuf to IwKth. I'KOFESSIONAL CAUDS. s. V. KNOX, Attorney at Law. WIU praetlce in th Courts of thi State and W h-ue-ton Territory. Special attention paid to Land Othuv Imwimm and Collections. Mm-Mala .. Wanton. . G T.TU0MPS0N, Attorney at Law, r1'E-.tt t'eart Haas. WU Walla A. MEACil EX. Attarney at Law and Notary Public. H i.riia a the Court In Oregon and Washington Territory. CotLaetiafl Promptly Attended To. rfira. oat Mada afj-r.. . . Wain, Or Tk A. STEEL, t. , Notary Public an4 Collector. . . - . ... atfant tor I'tah, Idaho and Oregon Stage Co'i, also, lavaler la (nadirs, al. Taps, Nation, 'ga r Taaaccaa. nadl aasaeraMsatlsrr ajraarle. 1 EO. W. EE A, jr littney ai Lav. WIU prauUaia aUaa.asurUi tUu State, MKMiVM. MU ,1 V..'E.STOX. M. I). J. PhywciatL Surgeon and AccsucheAU'. AM aAI gnmitig mi tended. lhjJdaii and SursMi. Office witk Dr Blaloclc, orer Day'c Drug MM AIM ST. .VVULA WALLA. D lrH t thi fienac UtUMir, Wihton, Ohkoon. liiaxtiiiK Artlacial Teeth, a 8a laity 'frl. D US. KKLUMM & XK'HOl-S, Hom(paUa Pbas a4 ttrgeons , WALLA WALLA. ' OrriCE-Paif e Bros' Eiidk. A"IHaal ii&iaitiuB xLvay to diouea oi ah Jlyit, Kar uaut fltruat. K. JAU10 JiHUlJUS, DHNTIST, VEB Bin IB1 aTURE. A AlaVA 1J.LA AaTTaptti Mtaactad w'-4htt pa. i int . ami all acsrl wr II. MACK, Of Wall Walla, will bhJ aA Waatoa and raalXan. 'O lr9iu-nt ir'ju";.i8j riiU D R. EAtUN. Phy&ician and Surgeon, WEKTOK ORKOOX awatt dlaar fa ('Mr Drag Marc, rails jara (aptly altradral. J-R. W. T. WILLIAMSON, PJsjrftieiafi and Surgeon, U Ca'IWV. OGN. ajira a lav vut4t a Watrr M. 0 RS. GOVT) 4c ALBA3T. PHYSICIANS ANS SB0NS, WALLA VACXA. WESTON, UMATILLA COUNTY, OREGON, SATURDAY. ADVERTISEMENTS. MOTIONS! Port Monnaies, CIO MBS, BBTJSHBS Fishing Tackle, STATIONERY, r PLAYING CARDS. CUTTLE RY AND PIPES! FANCY GOODS, MATCHES. Perfumery, Toilet Soaps, FKEM1I AS AM ERIC AX Toys and Nuts, TOBACCO AND CIGARS, Wboriuile and Iti-tull. Fred. M. Paiily, S. H. Kennedy's Mf g Co HAXl'FAlTl'HEKS OF SHEEP DIPS. The T.irgest of tha kind in th IT. S Please oxamine the of the intercut uipg and prica vu: Dissolved Sulphur Dip, Price $2.25 a gallon, This is equal to 30 lbs the boat Sublime Sulphur. Concentrated Extract of Tolmoro Dip, ' Prioe, $ 2.25 a gallon, This is my FAVORITE Dip be t CURES SCAR and can a. Uaou at any uegTeJs of strength with safety. Hemlock Poisonous Dip, Price, 82.25 a gallon. AND IS THE REST POISONOUS PIP IN USE. Each Gallon of these Dips Will make enough for 225 Sheep after xhcaring. Special Dip for Scab, Price, $2.50 a gallon, italiable at any season of the year, especially so in the FUll and Winter. It up in one ami five gallon cans with full Aioeetiotia for use. PBmbJets sent Free to any Address. Soli Iwy .all principal dealers in the U. S. J. 1M! HACK EN d- CO., Aarntit for thai ractflrCaast. J . f SAN FRANCISCO "Btilletin," THE kadi: larnlac (eaisuppr Weil at Ik itnrlt MaiainlllinK. WRSGUfli! UtTES. I) lily UaUcCm. one ,vr. $19 a WiK'kly and Fridiir femuQau (inukinv; to-etluu a complete Semi-Xoekiy 3 99 Weekly alone, oce ywar. t M Part.ut a pwar in proiortion. FRE$EEfl DISTRIBUTION. Kach Mlbwuiiiittr atll the presented with neen.l we neticsof Ktvr bud ViUttuble TREE, VEt. ETABLE anU r IAI Kll JtrJUikSi, etitttvi iin value to the sulMcnptMii prife tif the ikjer. tat' Henfl ir SaiixVe Copy, pivlnKr full paicukn. KtiM'rtitunatM by ftcwSt. lotolflce rder. Wells, Kjuo Jt C.h i&proii, omA Jwtered Lettr, at our risk, atone t,M Kittt Frani-lHro, CaJL. NO PATENT, NO PAY. PATENTS. obtained for mechavaical aea'iccs, medical or other com pounds., (OtnamonUJ aaiug'n, trade-marka and labels. Caveat, Awiaunou, knterferencca. Infringements, and an aaMfcE reluba? to J'atents, promptly attended to. We auake preliuuaajry examinations and fumiah opinions aaa4)atlsitaibii;tr. lata .t charge, and all who are inter ested in nm-aiiMvtiKaMxnd latent are invited to aend lor a copy of uur "tiaidc (or obtaining PatentH," which ia aont free to anyaddre. and contains complete in asnuctions liow to,obtain Patent and other valuable mutter. IHimi the nut five years we have obtained nearly three tliouwwad "atent for Ameriani and Foreign inventor;, and eau aatuioctory references in almost o ttrv witutv in Use It anon. lWrB:--laila:cr.t Ce.,Solieitors of Patents and t.touawjit Lav.OOiroit Building, WaKBlagtan, W.J. Heffelfinger's City Express WEST0 and CENTERVILLE. I will dfllw aaf a aad rram amy pari at saM lllra as fcr ao rcaaaable rates. Will caxr, frearJki to aad tram BLUE MOUNTAIN STATION. Alt order, left with Sallng Jt Keeae, J. F.. Jones a F. M. Fauly at Weston, or Cook Inriae. Ceatemll, will raeeiv sny prampt attention. FreigbBUIstostABJrajjklysad ia S IS TUT REAL ISSUE. rnlanlru v. serltaaalliu. Following is the speech of Senator Wm. A. Wallace, of Pennsylvania, de livered at Hancock's home, Norriston, Pa., on August 10th, 1880: Gentlemen: It is fitting that here in the home of General Hancock, the campaign which we hope and believe is to result in bringing his native State to de mocracy, should be inaugurated. The real and vital issue is the qvestion of unionism as against sectionalism wheth er the Union is to be restored and per petuated, or whether sectionalism and disunion are to continue to exist. Tbe republican party, as a party, has practi cally ignored the existence of the Feder al Union by its appeals to its own voters of the North to sustain that nartv in their bitter attack upon the South, and have ignored the broad spirit of union ism that reaches out and covers the whole country in its grasp. It is time for us to return to questions graver and more important than those hate, of sectionalism and disunion. The questions that really concern us as a people relate to our returning prosjerity, to our pro gress as a nation, and to the elevation of our people intellectually and in a busi ness sense. The campaign of the repub lican organization is inaugurated upon the old sectional issues. Hate is their animating idea. Their policy commands them to forsake their old party -associates South and . thoy unhesitatingly obey They would be unable te pointjto a "solid South," to talk of Southern outrage, to falsify the record and preach the gospel ..... . oi uaie, 11 tuey wouia admit and recog nize that it was possible for tfiem to car ry a Southern State for the republican organization. In Alabama thsy seek the cover of the greenbacker and fight beneath his banner; in Virginia they properly cover thBiaelvs; beneath the banner f readjustment, and practically ignore the teachings that belong to the great peo ple the national credit and state faith. They clamor they have no votes in the South. They do not want them, for if thfy had them they would no longer be able to appeal to the bitter passions of the North. If the Southern outragos they paint and the inability to vote they preach, be true, the responsibility is up on them and not upon us, for thfry have had entire control of the governuieiit for fifteen years, and have utterly failed to restore the Union. They have not at tempted it; it was not their interest to produce it. Their interest and their poli cy have run in a different direction, and they have pursued the path of hate and sectionalism and not that of peace and harmony. The republican party has ceased to be national, if it ever was such. While the nation progresses, business-energy revives and prosperity crowns us in every section, this great giant Polyphe mus, with his one eye in the back of his head, can see but one section of the coun try, and will not recognize the inevitable march of events. General Hancock forcibly says: The war for the Union was successful ly closed more than fifteen vears ago; all classes of our people must shire alike the blessiags of the Union, and are equally concerned in its perpetuity and in the proper administration of public atlairs. We are in a state of profound peace; as one people we have common interests. These are the teachings that best fit the situation of this great people now. What good can come from the success of the Republican organization but a con tinuation of hate, of sectionalism and disamionf What can come from ours but the restoration of die Union, the set tleoieHit of all questions of sectionalism, and tbe return in every Stale to those questions of administration, of internal improvement, of tariff or ;:" 'couomicnl administrations, which propwiy leloiig to the sphere of government i Their policy is continued disunion, increased hats and the perpetuation of bitterness; ours is unionism, progress, and the restor ation of business life in every swiiou of the republic The charges they make as to the condition of the South are not true. General Grant, in his sjech at Little Rock, on the 15th of April last, said: ' Citizens : On first landing on the soil of your State and at every stopping-place on the road, in the crowds of people I met and the greeting I received, I saw that the feelings of the past weie gone ; nothing will advance your prospects so much as an entire absence of sectionalism. 1 have noticed in my travels that section alism is passing away. In his speech at Cairo, on the 16th he said : To stand divided we are too nearly ual, nian to man, to be a great and prosperous people; let us hope, there may be a genuine union of sentiment, a gener ous rivalry in the building up of our sev eral States. . ; . .. ' ' We must live together, and this great people in their march of progress cannot stop for bickerings and quarrels. The genius of our people is progress, business and energetic life, and the party that stands in their road will go down before the march of events. General Hancock is a representative of this unionism ; the Republican party and its policy are the exponents of the reverse. Their policy destroys our control of the manufactur ing interests of the republic ; takes from the North that peculiar Control which has heretofore belonged to us, and places factories, furnaces, rolling mills, and work-shops by every river in the South. The South has been agricultural; that is its natural sphere. Its enormous pro ducts from the soil have been and ought to continue to be the most important element in her progress and prosperity. Disunion, hate, and persecution force them to depend upon themselves and thus deprive vs of what is and ought to continue to be our natural market. Another thought : the plain issue be tween a strong government and a gov eminent of the people, between the teach-! ing of Jefferson and those of Hamilton is involved in this campaign. General i Garfield, in his place in the house, on the 26th of January, 1865, said : I believe that the fame of Jefferson is waning and the fame of . Hantiltewi-waTx-"' ing in the estimation of American peo ple, and that we are gravitating towards a stronger government. I am glad that we are. At the Fifth Avenue Hotel on FrMay last he paid a tribute to Alexander Ham ilton as the leader of American thought. The conflict is here again shaped between the rights of man as such, and of power and paternal government. That was the issue the people of Eastern Pennsylvania met in 1800, here in this locality, and they turn form power those who followed and believed in the teachings cf Mr. Hamilton and Mr. Adams and placed in power those who followed and believed in the doctrines of Mr. Jefferson. With us the individual is the unit. We gov ern by individuality. All rights belong to the individual, save those which are vi tal to the conduct of the government, and when those pass from the individual the extent of the grant is to be measured with jealousy, and its abuse curbed when ever it occurs. We want no strong gov ernment ; we want a government of the people, by the people, and for the people. Our candidate voices this when he sars: This Union, comprising a general gov ernment with general powers, and State government with State powers, for pur poses local to the States, is a polity the foundation of which were laid in the profoundest wisdom. This is the Union which our fathers made, and wrick has been so respected abroad and so lenefi cent at home. General Garfield and his party would centralize the government. The tenden cy of their system is to igw re the indi vidual a a unit and to govern the peo ple from the top. Federal election laws are but one of the evidences of this ten dency. They apply now to cities alone, but concede the power and it grows upon what it grasps and ultimately finds full play in the control of elections in the rural districts. In a republic all men are equal ; in a centralized despotism they are also all equal ; in tha former, because they are everything ; in the latter, be cause they are nothing. We want neither sectional hate, disunion, nor paternal government. i Let us trace the record of the candi date of the Republican party. He it is who has solemnly asserted that the man who attempts to get up a political excite ment in this country oil the old sectional issues will find himself without a party and without support ; yet he is the man who is now presenting himself to the people as the champion of sectionalism. SEPTEMBER 18, of hate, and disunion. In this he is about to verify his own prediction, and find binisi'lf without a party and without support He has eulogized free trade and voted for high duties in one session, and he has advocated protection and voted for free trade in another. In 18 66 he spoke against reducing the duty on tea and coffee, and in 1872 he voted against placing them on tbe free list. In 1866 he replied to Mr. Stephens by say ing : " - ' Against the abstract doctrine of free f trade as such very little can be said, but it never can be applied to values except in time of peace. Yet to-day he is paraded as the advo cate of protection, while in 1870 he voted to reduce the duty on pig-irou from 9 to 7 per ton, and in 1872 ho voted for the bill to reduce the duties upon wools, iron and steel ten pt-r centum. In 1880 as'a member of the Committee on Ways, and Means, he voted against the bill reducing the duties on salt,' print ing paper, and wood-pulp. He has ac knowledge in eiuphitic terms, in his place in .the Federal House, the gross partiality and injustice of the Federal election, laws, and, amid the derisive laugter o bi&associatcs, has voted against his own v-opitio4i to amend them in the interest of justice and fair play. He has vijototLsly and. uniformly de clared against u&U-avagauce anl waste in the- bills for internal, improvement for rivers and. harbors,, aj.nl has uniformity voted fee" the laws, to iuejrease and create them. He has spuktu, for general amnes ty -hut when the party Lash was. applied, ,le vted against it With tUe broadest theoretical views of union, peace and harmony in his public utterances, his practical application of his, own doctrines has. been to perpetuate sectionalism and 1 distkQMMi. lie voted iii. Ctoortessiaiiaiust the iill for the Electoral Cotavutission, be uattse it authorised that (,oir,M.soft tono behind the returns of a State, and as ont of the commission he voted and decided that the law gave no such power in the cases of Louisiana and Florida, whiW it did in the case of Orvgou. He earnestly denounced the abuses, oi' the civil service, declaring that Coi-gressiueu had lcooe the distributors and brokers, oi public patronage, while in i.i:, letter of accept ance he gives his unqualified assent to the continuation of the u buses ho before assailed. He has assumed to be the friend of legislation for preventing dis crimination m freight charges, and haa given like assurance to its enemies. His personal record in mutters, that are now so public, I shall not attempt to deal 'with. They are before the public, and they must judge hiin by the record in regard thereto. We present a candidate born on your own soil, to whose support every feeling of local and State pride prompt us to rally; a Union General, who was found at the .supreme crjsis of the nation's peril, equal to the occasion; who repelled the advancing enemy froir. his native Ttate, ami saved both it and the Republic. One with a stainless per sonal record, with a magnificent military record, is the candidate of the Democra cy in this contest. He is the represent ative of unionism against sectionalism, of the rights of the people against those of power and centralization. Alaskan explorers report one of the largest rivers in the world, the Vukon, as navigable for steamers two thousand five hundred miles, and fivo hundred from its mouth it receives a very large, navigable tributary. The basin formed by the confluence is twenty-four miles wide. The Yukon is nearly as large as the Mississippi. The Spirit of f?i? Tim? says that the fis'a caught in the Columbia river brand ed with letters as referred to in the Ae toriany were put into the Atlantic by an Eastern hatchery. If this is so it is a matter worthy of investigation. A large number of salmon were caught this year with a clip off their tails. The Vatican asks amuesty for the four Polish priests who were sent to Si beria for issuing a Nihilist paper and circulating it among the people of St. Petersburg. . Use Oriental Hair Tonic for preserv ing the hair. NO. 41. OUR WASHINGTON tETTEtt. Washington, D. C. Aug. 28,jl880. The formsl retirement of Judge Key ; from the Postmaster-Generalship was 1 comumated en Wednesday last by the presentation to Mr. Maynard by the ; President, of his commission as Post- .' roaster-General, and also to Judge Key his commission as District Judge tor -" t Via 'Eajirorii district of TpnnMmw TViia tIaakiv. narpninnv liavinir haa feonalaul . ed at the White H&uspboth gntkrna -proceeded to the Post-office Department, where Mr. Maynard was sworn into of fice. A large gathering of the clerk of the department took place, when a hearty welcome was given to the incoming chief and pleasant words of parting were said to Judge Key, who spoke in the highest terms of commendation of all who had so ably seconded his efforts to prpaaaf the usefulness of the mail servieei The death of General Myerstj Better" known as "Old Probabilities," has cre ated much sympathy for the family of the deceased officer. A more interesting family circle could not have been found1 . , ,.i i .1 ... in uie country, ana tne ueatn oi its neaov has caused a great loss, both of a kind and ailectionate father, and a valued, friend. It is probably not generally known that '-Old Probabilities" was originally ? surgeon in the army.. He invented a code of signals, tbe idea of, which he derived from the Indians walk he was stationed on the plains,. This signal code was adopted lay the-QoAieMas-ment, and proved a valuable a&b; &av communication during tW wajre. uiixr of General Myers." feats hww Ifcanb : l-i: i i x Tar r j .t uuuiuruiiuuu , aaanur aiSM jauimsiyi production entitled, "-HoldJ. kftkir Bort," which is sung by Su&44bh Sihools throughout the ccaantry. T&ilaa waa suggested to the antlrar by tbisvJight be tween the Northern and Snuitlhan-iorcea in Georgia in October vL)bv tha federal forces, under corasrimKill Oat'Gta- erai J olm r . (Jorse, were- nrnmrnuti bjrv Geneial Sherman at 17 rut iaTTTaiawaiis1 , eighteen miles distant by aaam- ofr'it formation conveyed to hint tkfougJpL tffm signal flags of General Myers who g pened to be stationed witb GeueijaJt Corse's forces at the time of tin ngage tuent. From this signal serrie ezperi ence. General Myers conceived tW idea, of publishing a daily map of the odi tion of the weather V throughout ' the country by means of the' experience tfcaVsv obtained he was enabled to predict th state of the weather in certain localities, whence he derived the ' soubriquet pf "Old Probabilities j There was quite a targe Democratic ratification meeting on Thursday even ing and the vicinity of the City Hall was very handsomely illuminated. Quite a number of speeches dilated in the usu al nianner of such gatherings ujjoi the excellence of their candidate acd tha prospects of his election. President Hayes and his family left last evening for Ohio, en route for the Pacific Coast. The Secretary of. War, General Sherman and daughter, and somo few others will make up the party, which will meet in Chicago about the 2nd dny of Septemler. I a ru iiiformed that a number of im portant changes are soon to take place witnin the Patent Office, and that the new Commissioner, Mr. Marble, wilt leave no stone unturned to straighten) out the much-complicated mess left be hind by his predecessor, Mr. Paine. The rumored removal of Mr. Chapman, one of the principal examiners, is causing considerable comment among the em ployees of the Bureau, as it is not gen erally known that this man, by his pus illanimus conduct, has tsade himself ob noxious not only to the powers that be, but with a large number of attorneys, who, from necessity, are compelled to come in direct contact with him. IL G. Oh, yes! You can rely on Wssbjeot oil at all times, night or day, as a sure oure for croup or spasm. Ask for it at McCoUi Millar's. Webfoot Oil cures pain, internal or external in from one to fifteen minutes. Warranted. For sale by McCull 4t Miller. 1 t-.iUJ- Salscribe or the Leajku.