VOL. 2, WESTON UMATILLA COUNTY, OREGON, SATURDAY; JULY. 3, 1880. no: 30. WESTON WEEKLY LEADER. W. T. WJIXUMaOX. t - ; a. T. U'COVL WWjMS et JTCOLI, rWifc. Jxspsp Every Satubdat Mor-vixo, AT prtO, UMATILLA COIT.VTT OR. .Cm Year, (coin) ' UA. ....i. ...... fane Mootla. kiafle Coy" ......... AdTerttnJac IUtr. $3 00 t 00 1 GO 12Ct in many years, an entirely new House of Representatives will bo elected, and there will be many new faces in Wash ington upon the convening of the 44th Congress. Many of the members of the present Congress have already been nom inated by their constituents for re-election. - . H. Q. cm 84W (1 Inch) flnt tnwtton. . rn uiitftioiukl inwrtion TvSqnra,1lnt inmrtktono. I ub additional InMrtkm ThrM 8quarea, flnt inaertloa. (1 GO GO 1 00 S GO ttsnal insertion 1 GO fro. Quarter Colnmn, flnt Insertion 6 SO Ueb ad4iooal unertian, S 00 Tiro advertiser, by special contract ' Load notices .6 enu per urn sm insertion, iz cenw per lino esca abMqusyt insertion; Aavenuing dius payaoe quar-irlj-. AH lecal notice will be chained 75 cent per square nt Inssrtfon, and Yti eenU per square each ubsequent insertion (jjajraoie nionuuyjt Mono. Simple annooncenienU of births, marriage alts' death wtll b Inserted without charge. Obituary iioueee enargea lor aeooraing to lenKtn. .OVK WASBIStiTOX IJETTEB. OCR KBIT PRESIDENT. Washington, D. C. June 12, 1880. The true inwardness of the Ferry scan dal doth not yet appear, for the honora ble senator from Michigan opens not h jnouth, neither does his farile pen deign ' to reply to a communication from Col. Sidney Cooper in a Milwaukee paper. It appears from the statement of the af fair over CoL Coopers name that it was he and not his daughter that inflicted the cptio discoloration refered to in our last week's letter. It seems that Miss Cooper indeavored to inflict some punishment for something or other which as yet has not been made evident, but failing the Colonel himself, who by the way is a much smaller man than Senator Ferry, took the matter into his own hands and finished the business. To say that the nomination of General Garfield by the Chicago convention was a surprise to the Washington world is to convey but a faint impression of the sen timenta which pervaded the minds of the people upon receiving the news! So far -jowrvftwr have heard any expression of sentiment on the subject, it appears to- be tie determination of the Republi can politicians to stand by the nomination through thick, and thin, and make a strong ght for it The sentiment which animates t'ne democratic heart of the district of Colum bia is in favor of nominating Seymour at (he Cincinnati convention. Some seem to feel that Morrison is the coming man ; who wil carry the democratic banners to glorious victory, but opinions are so un decided on that subject that they can hardly be quoted. A glorious uncertain ty seenss to shroud the future' in that regard. The Ute question has been settled by the passage of a bui which has for its principal feature the giving to each mem ber of the tribe a patch of ground which he could call his own, and on which he could earn a livelihood for bis family. ; HI if 1 ,1 1 1 inc question now is, wnere is uus lana to be located 1 The matter is in the hands of one or two officials, and it is their bounden duty to see that this land hall be of snnh a character as will at least yield these Indians sufficient sus tenance to sustain life, and not to be sterile rocks, barren plains or malarious swamps. In response to a Senate resolution of March 8, the Secretary of the treasury furnished a statement showing the ex penses of the Government on account of the war of the Rebellion, from July 1, 1861, to Juno 30, 1879, inclusive. The grand totals are as follows: Gross ex penditures, $0,796,792,509, of which the ordinary expenditures were $609- 649.124. and of the war, $6,187,243,385, or over six thousand millions of dollars. It makes a man feel warm to think of the figures. . Brig. Gen.-Benjamin Alvord, pay master general of the army, who has been in the service over 46 consecutive years as a commissioned officer, has been retired at his own request by the Presi dent It has finally been decided by Con gress to adjourn on the 16th of June, so that ere another week has passed, the deserted halls of the Capitol will present a mournful aspect, and doubtless there will . be many mournful glances cast at the familiar seats by many who will know thetn no more. For the fir.t time General Hancock is a native of Penn sylvania having been born in Montgom- cry county, in mac stare, 00 ww itpu 01 February, 1824. He graduated it West Point in 1844, and served mainly on frontier duty until 1846, and afterwards in the war with Mexico, being breveted as first lieutenant for gallant and meri torious conduct in the battle of Contreras and Cherubusco. From 1848 to 1855 he was again employed in frontier duty, and from 1855 to 1861 was quartermas ter of the southern district of California. In August of the latter year he was re called to Washington, and. when the army of the Potomac was transferred to the Peninsula in 1862, he was already a brigadier-general, with the appropriate command, in the Fourth Corps. His first opportunity to make a mark occured at Williamsburg, and he made a brilliant one. He next distinguished himself in the battle of Frazer's Farm, and subse quently took an active part in the cam paign in Maryland, at the battle of South Mountain and Antietam. Being made a Major-General, he commanded a division at Fredricksburg and Chancel lorsvilla At Gettysburg he did msgnifi cent work. On the first day of the bat tle, July 1, 1863, he was sent by General Meade to decide whether a decisive bat tle should be given, or whether the army should fall back. He reported that Get tysburg was the place to fight, and too' immediate command until the arrival of Meade. In the decisive action of July 3d he commanded on the left center, sus taining the terrific onset of Longstreet' Confederates, and being severely wound ed. The thanks of Congrew were former ly tendered him for his conduct in these engagements. Being disabled by his wounds, he was on sick leave until March 1 r-t 1 . t I . loo, Deing meanwinie engaged m re cruiting the Second Army Corps, which was placed under his command. At the opening of the campaign of tliat year un der General Grant, he took Jthe active command of the corps, and bore a promi nent part in the battle of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House 'and Anna, the second battle of Cold Efarbor, and the operation around Petersburg, until June 19th, when, his wounds breaking . .... .. .... ; say, unhesitatingly, 11 it were possible that Congress should pass an Act abolish ing the local codes for. Louisiana and Texas, which4 1 do not believe, and it should fall to my lot to supply their places with something of my own, I do not see how I could do better than fol low the laws in force here prior to the rebellion, excepting wherein they shall relate to slavery. . Power may destroy the forms, but not the principles, of jus tice; these will live in spite of the sword." General Hancock is a man f handsome presence and most agreeable manners. He is perfectly straight; a blonde, with a rich skin and blue eyes, and light hair, now turning gray: and his address is both courtly and simple. Gen. Hancock, while a citzen of Penn- sylvania, is in most all respects of fellow ship and association, a New Yorker. He is on excellent terms with the lead ing volunteer officers of the New York Militia, and no-operates with them in their parades, shoot inn matches, etc. He is a favored guest at the houses of some of the best people in New York out mates no pretensions to wealth or style. The regard of his men for him is boundless. While he would, perhaps, draw as many votes in New York as any Democrat, he would poll an immense vote in Pennsylvania, for he is not re pugnant to the good sense of the Repub lican soldiery, having never stepped out of the course of conviction to recommend him to either party. As to the imputa tion that he hanged Mrs. Surratt, it will have no effect except among the most ignorant and unreasonable. When the Commander-in-Chief of the Military and Navy forces had been assassinated by parties living within the military lines of the United States, it would scaroely have been a gallant example for General Hancock to have pulled off his sword in deference to such objects, instead of car rying out the orders of the Tribunal im posed on him" by his oath and ... by Presi dent Johnson. Leslie's Wee&y. u the rxuATE cHAXcimr Thera are very few of the ol a resi- out afresh, he was again for a short time on sick leave. He afterwards resumed several ac- command, and participated in tions, until November 26th, wjhen he was called to Washington to organize the first corps of veterans. The name of every great battle in the East is inscribed on Hancock's-flags. After the close of the war he was placed successively in command of the Middle T j. 1. il- . T 1 1 r 1 juepttruiif nt, nie juepanment 01 jmssiouri of Lousiana and Texas, of Dakota, and of the Departmeut of the Eask He has his headquarters on Governor's Island. In the Democratic National Convention of 1868 he received l44 votes for the Presidential nomination. In 1876, in the National Convention of the same party, he received 75 votes for the same nomination. - I General Hancock has uniformally maintained the doctrine that the mili tary power should in time of peace be subordinated to the civil law. This was particularly shown in his address to the court of inquiry constituted totry General Babcock, in 1875, in which he urged that that officer having been formerly indicted at St Louis, it was right and proper that the military inquiry should adjourn in order that the ordinary civil processes might take their course which sugges tion was duly adopted. In 1868, while in command of the Fifth Military Dis trict, General Hancock, in a letter to Governor Pease, said: "On them . (the laws of Texas and Louisiana), as on a foundation of rock, reposed almost the entire structure of social order in these two States. Annual this code of laws, and there would ie no longer any rights, either of persons or property, here The Pendleton Independent, is about to change its name. It is soon to be called the Pendleton Tribune. At the same time it will cease to be independ ent, and come out a Republican. Many will watch with interest this new de parture on the part of this hitherto brilliant journal. If it will be as con sistent a Republican as it has been an Indepcnlent, we may expect to find it advocating Gen. Weaver for the Presi dency. It will certainly be amusing to find it taking a decided stand on any question, local or national. We are glad, however, to see it assume an indi viduality and make an attempt to be something. If, with its old name it will cast aside its wishy-wash)r, namby-pamby, milk-and-water policy of having no opinion that would offend anybody, it may live to a good and noble purpose and add its mite to the advancement of the county which supports it. At the Dusseldorf exhibition which opens on the 9th proximo, a member of the Rhenish and Westphalian Steno graphic Society will exhibit a German post-card, which is somewhat larger than an English post-card, containing Yoss's translation of the first three books ot iomers "Udyessey, sncl part 01 a very long debate which recently took place in the German Imperial Parlia ment. The number of words in the ex tract of the "Odyssey" is 11,000, while in the Parliamentary debate, the num ber is 22,000. The whole of the 33,000 words have been written in the Ghles berg system of shorthand, and with the naked eye. The quantity of matter contained in this German shorthand manuscript, would be equal to what is contained in about nine pages of the Times. dents of the southern counties who do not hold that the climate has greatly changed during the past decade. The annual rainfall was so light and uncer tain less than a decade ago, that few persona would have ventured to sow grain on anything but irrigable ground, arid expect to reap. , . But the annual rainfall now reaches 17 inches and up wards when it was formerly 7 f inche and lev. and--grain fields stretch over tha uuuummig uiesu ianua in an uiruciiuua; as tar as the eye can reach. It is an every-day saying in Los Angeles and San Bernardino counties now, that grain will grow anywhere there withont irri gation, and better cereal crops cannot be seen within the broad and fertile val leys of Sacramento and San Joaquin. when forest-trees graw thriftily on hill tops and wheat matures on their flanks without irrigation, where previously the ground squirrel would have fared hard for fodder, it is no wonder the people say the "climate is changing." This change in the climate, or whatever it may be, has driven many of the bands of mustangs from the plains, and converted their old domain into vineyards and or chards, and the sheep-ranges, also, have been encroached upon in remarkable de grees by the farmer and fruit-grower, who threaten to compel the flocks to seek new fields and pastures. No law was ever passed in this State which has done greater benefit to the southern counties then the ':ne-fence" law. The thrift and success of the vari ous settlements recently organized is due largely to it Some of these settlements could scarcely have been established, and certainly would not have been at tained the degree of success which they have reached, had it not been for the "no-fence" law. It would have cost the settlers more for fencing than they had had to pay tor the land, and possibly as mncfa' tts some of them paid for land and tree stock combined. Even then the danger from roving bands of horses. herds of horned cattle and flocks of sheep would have remained. A fence is at best weak when hungry cattle are on one side and plenty of good pasture growinn on the other. At the new set tlements, such as Riverside, Arlington and Pasadena, fences are nowhere to be seen. For the sake of relieving the mo notony of the landscape and establish ing boundary lines, hedges of various kinds of flowering plants and shrubbery have been cultivated. Here the silver- leafed cypress, is artistically trained; there the hedge is formed of a varied se lection of rose-bushes; another has planted a row of geraniums, which, when in full bloom and that is in this section nearly all the year round pre sent a gorgeous appearance; another has adopted the osage oratige; another sur rounds his plantation with pepper trees; another with locust; another with Lom- bardy poplar, and still another with ev ergreen eucalyptus, all of which increas es the beauty and adds to the harmony of the prospect. S. F. Bulletin. ,:-rZ:..r' .dealers is i ' PURE DRUGS, , Patent Medicines " Paints, ' : Chemicals. Brushes. Glass, ' .Putty. ; I Aniline Dyes, Pills. I - . - . , . LUDIN-a, LUNDBORO'8 AND BUUCEL'S 3i,r t r t -.ar.; -yjrjhXf UqilprS) Soldf only on Physicians' description. 4 IMPERISAHBLE PAINT AND ATAliNTIC'niMr; A LARGE AND WELL-SELECTED STOCK OF Blank Books, Paper, School Books, Stationery, Papeterie, Albums, CLOCKS, WATCHES AND JEWELRY, Elegant Vases, Toilet Articles and Pancjf If otions 1 linseed, China Xat, Labrientlng. larrt and Sperm. Musical Instruments, LArS or nU sizes, ElBEK.l and famous LEAD CLASS t'DIMSEiS, Prescriptions Carefully Comopunded at all hours Bargains Bargains Bargains Wlaolsale and Retail. CENTERVILLE. All the members of the investigating committee who were candidates for re election, were returned by handsome majorities. Galloway was the only Democratic Representative elected in his countv. Don't. Now don't go asking your post master for every man living within ton miles of you for mail. Whan they all do that, the P. M. is liable to be stricken with lock-jaw or faint fiom exhaustion. Give him chance. The undersign has boon" instructed to sell the WHOLE STOCJf CONSISTING OF DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, CROCKERY and GLASSWARE, AT GREATLY REDUDED PRICESr " - To make room for a large SPRING STOCK, including a large assortment of Boots and Shoes. " Coflee, Tea, Sugar, Tobacco and Cigars a speciality. Also Coal Oil, Clear as Crystal, Guaranteed Free from all Foreign Substance and'Non Explosive. Ready.liade Clothing? atCost. &r Please call and examine for yourselves before buying elsewhere. r ovmnnnnw avn (A. V. U IIinifcliAllAre - Centeevile, February 6th, 1830. Agent. At last the new bridge across Touchet is completed. Dayton News, the Thos. Donolon -and Thos Cowen, in dicted for selling liquor to Indians at Spokane Falls, were sentenced, each to six months in the U. S. Penitentiary at McNeal's island. The Arab who invented alcohol died something like 900 years ago, but his spirit still lives. M. V. WORMINGTON, MILTON, OREGON. DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, CROCKERY GLASSWARE' Heavy Sttfck of BOOTS and SHOEG, -0AL OIL TOBACCO and CIGARS CANNED FRUITS OF MANKINDS. Hardware, Iron and Steel. GLOVES OF ALL KINDS A SPECIALTY iSSTProducc taken inExfhangc. - ; The Chinese plank in the Republican National platform reminds us" very much of the Division plank in the platiorm of the Pendleton Democracy, and its ob ject is evidently the same namely, to. catch votes. Fourth. Pendleton and Walla Walla have splendid programmes for the celebration on Monday the 5th. Weston' has again dis played too much modesty in the matter. , ' Revolvers, dynamite and poison having failed the Nihilists in their raids on the Czar, Pinafore is to be translated into "Roosian," and they will try that on him. Corner Main and 3d Sta., "Walla "Walla. ' .Wholsale and Retail Dealers In i Dr Goods Fancy Goods, Notions, CLOTHING BOOTS and SHOES, HATS and CAPS, GROCERIES, Etc. We are in receipt of a ' "Use Oriental Hair Tonic ing the hair, for preserv Bought Previous to tke Recent HEAVY ADVANCE III all kinds of goods,and we are therefore prepared to offer gfjidU Lower Than the Lowest! ' SPECIAL IXnrCEJIEMS TO CASH BUYERS! PARTICULAR ATTENTION PAID TO ORDEBS!